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r?\xe Remarkable Ea
j New YorkS
toa hav* ?M -~ te 4sU of, mj
rico-plantiDg experience and twill do
ny best, thojugh I hardly know where
to begin. I / * ?
Some yeax s ago the plantation where
I bad spent my very short married
life was for aale, and! against th?
judgment of ?the men of my family'I
decided to put every conti had in the
parchase of it, to gre? old fa, I said,
feeling it a refuge f*M the bssHssss
which crushed mo. Though opposed
to tbe step, one of my brothers under
took very kindly to manage it until
paid for, then to turn it over to me, I
bad paid $5,000 cash and $5,000 in
buying mules, supplies, ploughs, har
ross, seed rico, etc., necessary to
My brother . uoceeded very well for
two years and Ino debt was'reduced to
somewhere near $3,000, when things
began to go behind and every year I was
more or less in debt at the end of the
year. This went on for several years,
?ben I awoke to tho fact that I had
no right to borden and worry my
brother any longer with the trouble?
tome addition to his own large plant:
jug interests, and I told him the 1st
of January of 18-- that I had deter
mined to relieve him and try it my
self. He seemed much shocked and
surprised and said it waa impossible;
be bad done his level best,1 and had
not succeeded,, and kW' was it pos
sible for me, with absolutely no knowl
edge of planting or experience, to do
anything? It would bo much wiser
?to rent. I said I wonld gladly do so,
but who would rent it? He said he
would give me $300 a year for it, jost
to assist me in this trouble, and I
answered that that wonld just pay the
taxes and the interest cn the debt,
and I would never bave any prospect
of paying off the mortgage, and, when
I died, instead of leaving something
to my nieces and nephews, I. would
eave only a debt. No; I had thought
jf it well; I would sell the five mules
and pat that money in bank, and as
aras that went I wonld plant on
rages, and the rest of the land I
lould rent to the negroes at ten busb
ils to the acre. He was perfectly dis*
aayed, said I would have to advance
leavily to them and nothing bnt ruin
waited me in suoh an undertaking.
However, I assembled the banda
.ad told them that all who oonld not
apport themselves for a year would
itve to leave tho place. With one
word they declared they could do it j
?ut I explained to them that I waa
oing to take charge myself, thal I
as a woman, with no resources of
ioney behind me, and, having only
he land, I intended to vent, to ' them
or ten bushels of rice to the sore. I
auld advance nothing but the seed,
could give them a chance to wor*c
tr themselves and prove them eel voe.
ortby to be free men. I intended to
ate no overseer; each man would be
itirely responsible for- the land ho
?ted. "You know very well," I
dd, "that this land willbring my teU
"nels rent if you just throw the
?ed io and leave it, so that every
rake of work yon do will go into
)ur own pockets, and I hope yon will
we men enough to work for thut
irpose." * ''
Thea I picked out th? lazy, shift
is bands and told them they must
w?, as I knew they wonld not work
themselves. J?\ the plantera
(and wereC3ger\for hands and work
entirely on wages, and I Would
ly plant fifty aerea on wages, whick
?nldnot be enough te supply all
A work. My old fore&ati, Wash
gton, was moat uneasy ana miserable
^questioned me constantly as to tho
?dom of what I waa doing. At last
?id to himt "Washington, you do
tknow whether I fcavo the eenso to
weed in this thing: Mass' Tom docs
tknow, and I don't know; but wo
*J1 know by tfiis time next year,
in the meantime you most .just
gut rae and do the best you oan for
vent through the burning suns all
* summer, twice a week, five miles
1 boggy and six in a boat! I, who
I ?lwsya boen timorous, drove my
fthe five.miles entirely-alone,hired i
uge negro and his boat and was row
l>7 him to Casa Blanca plantation.
p?i with dear old Washington be
h*me, te;.>jtoi all the tr?ajs ai
elations ho lgad had in getting
* done, I walked around the 200
18 of rioe in all stages of beauty
awfulness of smell,
"it I was moro than repaid. I paid
the debt oh the place and lifted
mortgage. I bad never hoped for
* in one year. My renters also
0 jubilant; they made handsomely
nought horses land buggies and
n for the coming year's work,
en I had paid olf every thing I had
teeat Jeffc'in tho bank to ran on,
e*cr. Washington was amassed
very happy at the results, but
eperience of a ?outh
ton,. April 12.
wu?? I OB?? something to bim shoat
preparing tho wage? field for th? oom*
tag crop ho said very solemnly: "Miss,,
e? ye* weak en you wrastie w?d a
atroDg man, on de Lo'd gie you strenf
foy trow am ?nw2 osee, don't you try
um 'gain." X laughed, hut, remem
bering tho 11 would u&vo to borrow
moooy to plant the field Cuts year: I
do ter rained . to take the old man's
advise and not attempt it. This was
most fortunate,, for there was a ter
rible storm that autumn and I would
have been ruined. My renters were
most fortunate in getting their riee in
before the' storm, so that they did
From that time I have continued to
plant, fr oin twenty to thirty aores on
wages and to rent from 100 to 150
aeres. . Of course, I have had iu.7 ups
and donne and many anxious moments.
Sometimes I have been So unfortunate
as to take as renters those who were
unfit to stand alone, and then I have
suffered serious loss; but, on tho
whole, I have been able to keep my
head above water, and now and then
have a little money, to invest. In
short, I have done better than most Of
I my neighbors.
Five years ago the head of our fami
ly passed away and tho Oherokoo plan
tation^ which my father had inherited
frbin bis grandfather, had to be sold
fer a di?\a?on of the estate, ness of ni y
family waa ablo to buy it, and. a syndi
cate of Jews seemed the only likely
purchasers, and they wanted, to get it
for Very little. 1 So I determined. the
best thing I could do was to buy it in
myself and devote the rest of my life
to keeping it, in the family, and n*r
naps at my death some of the younger
generation would be able to take it.
This would condemn me to a very iso
lated existence, with much hard work
and anxiety; but, after all, work is
the greatest blessing, as I have found.
X have lived at Cherokee alone ever
since, two miles from any white per
son. With my horses, my dogs, my
books and piano, my life has been a
very full one. There are always siok
people to j be tended and old people
to be helped, and I have excellent oer
My renters here nearly ali own their
farms and li Ve on them, coming to
air work, every day in their ?x
bs or buggies, for the first thing
negro does when he makes a good
crop io to buy a pair of oxen, which he
an do for $30, sud the next good crop
e fe?ys e horse and buggy.
The purchase of Cherokee does more
credit to my heart than head and it is
very doubtful iff I shall ever pay off
the mortgage. I have lost two entire
crops by freshet, and the land ia, now
under water for the third ; time this
linter, and though' I have rented 125
aoras.it is very uncertain if loan get the
half or that in.. March is the month
whan all the rica field ploughing
should be don?. The earliest rico ia
planted generally at the end of Marah,
en through April and ono week in
May. Last season ? only got ia fifty
res of rent rice and ten of wages*
for In the same way the freshet waa over
the rico land ali winter-, ?nd when it
went oft* there was only time to pre
pare that much. The rooters made
very fino crops-30, 40 and 45 bushels
to the acre, while the Wages fields only
made 171 Th.5s is a compl?te reversal
of the ordinary results, for I have
very rarely in ali these years made
less thain 30 bushels to the acre on
my fields, and I was greatly discour
aged and anxious to understand the
reason of this sudden failure in the
Wages rico at bof h plantations.
By the merest chance I found out
?he cause. ' Karly in December I was
planting oats in , a six-aore field.
We broadcast winter oato in this sec
tion and tb eh plough it in on fields
whioh have ; been planted in peas be
fore. I was anxious to get the field
finished before a fredze and had six of
the best ploughmen in the field. Grip
had prevented my going out until
they had nearly finished, but Bona
parte had assured me it was being well
done. When I went into the field it
looked strange to mo-the rich brown
earth did not lie ia billowy ridges as a
ploughed field generally decs. Here
and there a weed skeleton?.stood erect.
I tried to pull up one or two of. these
Bp found' they were firmly rooted ia
tho socil and l??& Rever been turned.
I walked over that field with my alpen
stock'for hours, and found that syste
matically Ute plcnghstien had left
from eight to ten inches cf hard land
between each farrow, covering it skill
fully with fresh earth, so that each
hand who had been paid, for an acre's
ploughing badin reality ploughed only
one-third of an aoro. And then I
iuderstood the failure cf al! tho wage
I called Bouaparte, my head man,
whom I trust fully. His grandfather
belonged t> my grandfather, and his
family hold th oro sei ve s BS the colored
aristocracy ot thia country. He has
been a first-class carpenter, hui ho is
rheumatic and does not work with
?.ira a? his trade*now and prefer? tak
ing eharga os my planting aa head
man, or agent, aa they now prefer to
call it. He is trustworthy and baa
. ob*?ge of the keys to my barna where
riee, corn, oats and potato? are kepi.
I have trusted him entirely and it
would be a dreadful blow to think
that ka war losing his intergrity.
Though the pr?isaro from the Ula,
shambling, trifling element of kia mee
ia very great, hiavCrwn son being one'
of that class, he has been able to re
sist it in the past.
i showed Bonaparte what I had
discovered and he seemed terribly
Whether thia waa real or not I o au
no t say, but it soemn?; ve/y rea!, and,
as he has never ploughed, perhaps ho
really did not nnderetand. Whee I
said: "And this ?B why the wage rice
turned out so badly? You received
ploughing like this and I paid for it."
He seemed convinced and humbled.
He had told mo how beautifully the
rico got up, but as soon as the hot
suns of July struck it the leaves just
wilted. Of oonrse the roots oould not
penetrate the packed unbroken clay
soil. Tho beat rice field soil is blue
olay, whioh the sun bakes like a brink.
Fora, while the roots lived in the
fresh earth on top. - [ 1
The aced-rice I 'had paid $1.35 a
bushel for and planted two and one
half bushels to 6? oh acre; the cost of
cultivating and harvesting it is $10
tho aero, so that makes $18.37 which
it coat to produce seventeen bushela
of rice, which sold at 80 cents a bush
What is ta be the rcsult'o? *,his new
departure in the way of dishonesty I
I do not know. It has taken me a long
time to lose patience. A few j care
ago one oould get the value of. the
money paid for work. ; Just after thc
war thero wes a splendid body ol
workers on this plantation, and every
one in the neighborhood was eager to
get some of the hands from b ?re. M;
.father gave prizes for the best work
ers in the different processes, and
they felt a great pride in being th?
prize ploughman.. or ditcher or hoc
hand of the year; but now, alas, pool
things, they have been so confused
and muddled by the mistak?a idesi
and standards held out to them thai
?they have no pride in honest work, n<
pride in anything but to wear fini
clothes and get ahead of the man wb<
employs them todo a job.
It ?B very hard for mo to say this
I have labored so among them to tr;
to. elevate their ideals, to make then
bring np their ohildren to he hones
and diligent, to maka them still fee
that honest, good work is sozaethinj
to be proud of. Even last year
would not have said thia, but, alaa, !
have to say it noW. v
I hava just cezne ia from the oor
field, where two women; have bee
paid for cutting down the cornstalks
so that there will be nothing to intei
fore with the plongh. They have onl
broken off the tops of the ?talks, lea\
ing about eighteen inches '. of eton
corn s talks all through tue 'field,
shall have to send some one else to d
the work and pay once more.
Yesterday I drove *ight miles to m
lower place, Ossa Bianca, where th
foerman asked me to go' around th
banka with him and see the inroads <
the last fall moon tide's, and it ws
appalling, the forcea of nature are i
immense. It makes me quail to thin
??"; the necessity cf setting m j mau
human powers in opposition. Tl
rice field banka are about three fe<
above the level of the rifer at big
water, and each field baa ? very ams
flood gate, (called a trunk,) whi<
opens and olosea to let the water
and ont, but when * gale or fresh
comes, all the trunk eloora have to 1
raised so aa not to strain the bank
and the water in the fields rises to tl
Jcrol of the uiver out sido..
I must stop writing now or I w
get too blue. I must go out and bat:
iu the generous sunshine and fea
my eyes ou the glory of yellow jess
mine that cr/own every bush and tri
find revel in tho delicious perfume,
my bicycle glides ove* the soft, bret
.pine needles along the level patl
where the great dark blue eyes of t
wild violets look lovingly up at me.
. Yes,, yes, God is very good and E
world s very beautiful, and we mt
trust Him. When these brown oh
dren of His were wild they were,
doubt, in a physical Way perfect, I
when they were brought under i
law, like our first parents, the Prit
of Darkness stepped in and the a tri
gie within them of the forcea
Heaven sud hell have been holdi
battle there ever since.
Gan we doubt whioh will conquer
the end? Nov Evil can never hi
the final victory, but the straggle v
be long, for, the Prince of Darkn
noes snob subtle* emissaries. Tfc
come to them io the guise of angels,
elevators and instructors, taking fri
them the simple first principles
right and wrong, which ?hey had gra
ed, and substituting tho glamor
ambition, the desire to fly, to soar,
theG^od-given injunction, "What ti
the Lord require .of thee, but to
Justly and to love mercy and to w
humbly with thy God?" Thank God,
there ia one%man of their own raes
striving to hold up trna standards of
the Cross, instead of the golden eslf
of the politician.
I fear thia is s dull letter, but I have
tried to make you understand some
thing of the situation.
Chicore Wood, 8.0.
All Their Worship Ia Jana*.
Grosvenordale,. Conn., April H.
F. W. Messeoger, who has surrendered
$15,000 salary et the, request of the
owners of mills employing 1,700 per
sons rather than give up preaching*
belongs to a sect now known as the
"Holy Jumpers." Formerly it was
called the l'en iel Churoh.
Messenger has withdrawn from the
Amerioan Society of Meohanioal Engi
neers and the New England Cotton
Manufactur?is' Association, believing
them to be "ungodly." He discour
ages the uso of tobacoo and liquor,
although ho does not deny, his vener
able mother the solace of the weed.
When the "Holy .Jumpers" meet
one another they yell and jump.
Their worship consists largely of pos
turing, running, yelling and springing
Willie Bates, an orphan, became so
enthusiastic a follower of Messengei
that he gave all his money, jewelry
and bicyolo to the "Holy Jumpers."
Believers are forbidden to wear jewel*
ry, and Blanoh Elliot, a young girl,
who waB engaged to Messenger's son,
Frank, now dead, gave up the gold
ohain and locket which contained her
'Messenger a? j's: "I am trying to
live up to the sermon on the Mount.
I used to belong to high-toned dubs
in Boston and drank, obampague and
smoked, but niue years ago I saw the
light and gave up my evil associates."
- The profession of bridesmaid
seems to bo growing iu New York.
For some timo it has been the habit
at weddioge in thst city to pay brides
maids. At a reoent wedding there
were no fewer than 15 bridesmaids who
were all punctually paid. Besidea.tho
beautiful dresses given by Iho bride's
father they each received $25 apieoe
for appearing in the wedding train.
There are young ladies who seoept so
much as $100 fer their office of honor.
?-A woman oan generally forgive
1 her husband loving some other woman
! if she oan twist it around to make it
appear it wasu't her fault.
- A clergyman was niuoh surpris
ed one day at receiving a basket of po
tatoes from an old woman in his par
ish, with a message saying that as he
had remarked in his sermon on tho
previous Sunday that some "common
.taters," (commentator*) did not agree
with him, she had saut him some real
-- When a man is interested in a
j woman and she gets married ho can
still be interested in her just the same
unless it is to himself,
Boars th* ^A^% Kind You Maro Always BoagM
The best materials-tho best that money caa buy.
A brewery aa dean as your kitchen; the utensils as clean?
The cooling done in filtered air, in a plate glass room.
The beer aged for months, until thoroughly fermented, so
it will not cause biliousness.
The beer filtered, then sterilized lu the bottle.
Von'm always welcome to the brewery for the owners ara
->roud 01 iU For Mle at all dUpeniarlw In
And the su? of it proves that f??av*' quart *ad plat
people know tho worth of i
The Beer Thai Made Milwaukee Famous
IMING TOOLS I
NOTHING is more gratifying to an up-to-date Farmer than to have a
well-equipped outfit to begin his Spring work, and this he is sure to get when
he does his trading with us. We can sell you
! SINGLE TR&1ES,
PLOW LINES, "
nd everything necessary to begin plowing, except the Mule, and wo^car
"sight" you to a Mule trade.
, We still have a few Syracuse Turn Flows that we are closing out at a
very low price, and can furnish you with the Terracing Wing.
Come in and let us show you our 7-foot Perfection Trace Chain at 50o
pair. Nothing in the Trace line compares with this Chain.
Don't you need a hog pasture ? We have the Wire Fence for you.
BROOK HARDWARE COMPANY.
0 u A
1 t 8 2
Do not Fail to try our Specially Prepared
8 1-2 2-2 Petrified
Bone Fertilizers for Grain.
We have all grades of Ammoniated Fertil
izers and Acid Phosphates, also Kainit, Ni
trate of Soda and Muriate of Potash; all put
up in new bags; thoroughly pulverized, and
no better can be found in the market.
We shall be pleased to have your order.
ANDERSON PHOSPHATE IND OIL GO.
Why Not Give Your House a Coat or
nc PAINT ?
You can put it on yourself-it is
already mixed-and to paint your
house would not cost you more
ITive or ?ix Doll ars I
Orr^Gray & Co*
I CRACK OOES*THE WH?P
?M COME THE ORDERS j^K'f?v
I SELLS THE VERY BE'~ i' GRADES OF >T
J FERTILIZERS JT TTvl
I / AT THF VERY LOWEST CCSTV' g} ^
Ilt pays to fertilize your lands
* . PRODUCTS. (
DOX-D EVERYWHERE IP TBC ?IBBIBIB?BOMffl
Tho Vinjlnia-Carollna Chemical Co.. y ! EMiBJL BBMriBf
CHARLESTON. 8? C
-- "Thc Largest
( Manufacturer of
.^S^fc^P^ Fertilizers on Earth"
^r^^r^<s \JS ^anu^?ciur^n2 plants
^^f?f?ff / < f Vif"^?^ Wholesale purchasers
-??0BvL??< , A -^|j2- Largest importers
i^^^^^^^^^^?ii?i^^?^^^,^ Concentration of
^BVmiNCb KA8Y. Cur%?*jgru pde** and eowoTctoUc^'iwc^Vivl
and prevent? W?rme. TED^MIN? Sountaraote and Overcomee ?he EffeoSs of tho
8unM?LV^ heat upo? Te*tjw^jghndr?n?_*nd. oo?to only *8 cents st OrussI?t?,or
mall as oents to C. ?I? MOFFBTT. M, at. Louis,
White Blis?.\. 40c a Peck.
Ked Blies. 40o a Peck.
Early Rose.. 40c a Peck.
Goodrich.40c a Peck.
Peerless:.. 40c ft Peck.
FRESH PRA8 ?ND BEANS.
Paper Seeds thres for 5c
Onion Seta-Red and White.
Fresh Watermelon Seed.'
Pratt's and International Stock Food.
ANDERSON, S. C.
Special attention ie invited to a new shipment of
ACORN STOVES AND RANGES !
Which we have just received, and which includes the very latest patterns,
both coal or wood, adapted to tho requirements of this market. '
If you require anything in the Stove or Uange line we solicit an oppor
tunity to explain the merita of THE ACORN.
We also carry a complete and up-to-date line of TINWARE, WOOD
ENWARE and HOUSE FURNISHINGS.
Guttering, Plumbing and Electric Wiring executed on short notice.
ARCHER & NORRIS.
THE PEOPLES FURNITURE CO.
BED ROOM SUITES,
DINING ROOM FURNITURE,
WHITE ENAMELED IRON BEDS,
HAT RACEIS, WINDOW SHADES, Etc.
MATTRESSES, very cheap in price.
STOVES-come and see them.
Everything in tho Furniture line.
1 THE PEOPLES FURNITURE CO.