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JLn Incident in the I
I desire to pay a well deserved trib
uto to-thc memory of thc late Major
Wade Hampton Gibbes, whose death
on the 12th inst, at Columbia, hus
He was born in Columbia, April
1837. His parents wero Dr. Robt.
Wilson Gibbes and Caroline Elizabeth
Guigoard, who was a daughter of John
Gabriel Guignard. Ile entered West
Point in 1855, and was graduated in
18G0. While at home on a furlough,
awaiting orders to go to the frontier
in Texas, his State seceded and on
the same day his resignation was for
warded to thc United States war de
His first military services for the
Confederacy were in the operations
against Fort Sumter and he took a
prominent and aotive part in its re
duction. Ho was subsequently with
the great Gen. Robert E. Lee dur
ing his first campaign in West Vir
ginia, but prolonged ill health detain
ed him for some time from aotivo field
In Juna, 1804, he was assigned to
the command of tho thirteenth bat
talion of Virginia artillery, which was
composed of the Otey battery (named
after its first captain, George Gaston
Otey, who died of a wound received in
battle), organized in 18G2 in Rich
mond, Va., and when undor Maj.
Gibbes was commanded by Capt.
David Norman Walker; the Ringgold
battery, organized in Pittsylvania
4?on? ty, Va., and oammanded by Capt.
DIIJVIUHUU; and the Lynchburg bat
tery, organized in Lynchburg, Va.,
and oommanded by Lieut. Powell, in
the absence on sick leave of Capt.
Richardson, its commanding officer.
Maj. Gibbes assumed command (suc
ceeding Col. J. Floyd King, of Geor
gia, a brave officer), soon after the
battalion reached the front at Peters
About the middle of June, 1864,
his battalion took position on tho
front lines at Petersburg. The Lynch
burg artillery held the line nearest to
the point known, afterwards, and now,
as the Crater; the Otey battery was
looated on the right o? the Lynchburg
artillery; and tho Ringgoll battery
went into position on the right of the
Otey battery. .' The three above named I
batteries ?romtined in those exposed
positions for about five months, wero
under oonstant fire and sustained
I was detailed to serve as a oouricr
for Maj. Gibbes soon after he took
command. I was then 19 years of
age, but looked younger, although I
had served in the Otey battery since
I now write pf my beloved and well
remembered commander with a dis
tinct recollection of him and of the
events which impressed him indelibly
and most favorably on my mind. I
was with him constantly from the
time he courteously welcomed me SB
his oourier until we separated on the
battlefield at the Lynohburg battery
on July 30, 1864, as I will now relate.
Your space forbids details, but permit
me to give a sketch.
IN FRONT OP PETERSBURG.
When on the morning of July 30,
1864, the mine wbioh had been plaoed
by Union troops under the Confed
erate works was fired and exploded
Maj. Gibbes and I were asleep in a
cottage house some distance in roar of
the Rioggold batter?. Wo hurried to
the front abd soon Maj. Gibbes took
immediate command of the Lynch
burg artillery. The heavy concen
trated fire from the union lines (sup
plemented by many sharpshooters),
the terrifio explosion of the mine im
mediately at our loft, and the fear of
another explosion, whioh seemed im
minent, had tiirowu officer* and men
.of the Lynohburg battery into some
confusion and inactivity.
I must here give the highest praise
to heroio Gun Corporal Hall of the
.-. Lynchburg . artillery, ? who was from
.Washington county, Va., and only 22
years old. He was the impersonation
of heroism on the battlefield. Ho
comma lcd the left gun of his bat
tery, and looated at an angle of the
earthworks, it swept the front of our
line and dealt death to the left flank
of the charging and massed union
.troops. That gun waa the most im- j
.portant and the most destructive in
?the Confederate linea. Corporal Hall
wort ed it with conspicuous bravery,
rapidity and aoouraoy. Soon after
Maj. Gibbes took charge Corporal
Hall was mortally wounded by a
sharpshooter who shot him as he
sighted his gun. From first to last he
'Was truly heroio in bearing, words and
Now lot mo return to M ?j. Gibbes.
Me tjuickly Look in the situation,
.which was indeed critical, and in
?th?.rp tones ordeied me to go as qniok
lr, as I could to tho mortar battery
ligated about a quarter of a mile In
Af e ol' a Brave Man.
I rear of thc Otey battery, and com
manded by Lieut. John B. Langhorne
of thc Otey battery, and to direct
him to fire into the fort opposite "that
bolo" (now known as the Crater); into
the lines between the fort and "that
hole" and if possible into it, and to
keep firing until he exhausted his
ammunition or received orders to
cease firing. He told me to then
return to ?him, as Le would have
"more use for me." The earth was
then being swept by musketry, shells
and sharpshooters, and the Confeder
ate lines were, under orders, keepiug
quiet and awaiting an attack alon0 tho
whole line. It was a time ot intense
suspense. I obeyed with alacrity the
order to direct Lieut. Langhorne to
open his mortars.
I fully realized the danger involved,
but I resolved to do my duty. Un
doubtedly I left the cover of the heavy
earthworks with much misgiving. I
ran towards,Lieut. Langhorne as fast
as I possibly could, for my life was at
stake. When about half way a bullet
or small ball went into the bottom
of my right foot, pierced thc sole of
my heavy English miner's shoe I
wore, entered my right foot, necessi
tating subsequently tho amputation of
the wholo of the middle toe, passed
through my foot and tho upper of my
shoo, and sped on. I suffered intense
ly, but managod to bobble to Lieut.
Langhorne, supported myself by put
ting my left arm around his neok and
so delivered tho order to him. At
onco ho openod his mortars, and the
work of death proceeded. The mortars
were vary destructive. Some of them
fell into "that hole." I was unable
to return to the Otey battery for six
In the meantime tho heroio South
Carolinian was doiog his whole duty
by example, commanda and actions.
While fearlessly e xposing himself he
was shot by a sharpshooter in his
right shoulder, and he waB not only
placed horse do combat, but his lifo
trembled in tho balance. He was
carried very carefully to Mr. Camer
on's home in Petersburg, and his
personal friond, Dr. Buist, of South
Carolina, and Dh Dulany, of Mary
land, performed the operation whioh
saved his life.
NEAR UNTO DEATH.
? pieoe of bone bad been driven
into the main artery; at any time na
ture might expel it and he would cer
tainly and speedily bleed to death.
The attending surgeons determined to
perform without delay the most criti
cal operation of jerking ont tho pieoe
of bone, thrusting in a small sponge,
clamping the wound and holding it
until nature oould gradually expel the
sponge and heal the opening. It was
done successfully but at great and
unavoidable risk to Maj. Gibbes. I
remember hearing Dr. Dulany tell
him, during a visit be paid him with
me in Feb., 1865, at Chopin's Bluff,
below Richmond on the north side of
the James, where he had an artillery
oommand, that it was by "a mira-'
ole" he was saved, and that the
spurt of life-blood waB so sudden
and copious that if the pierced ar
tery had not been clamped as it WBB
be would have died in a minuto and a
Maj. Gibbes served faithfully with
that artillery COBOL, and at Chap?n*s
Bluff until? surrendered at Appomat
tox. He waB very popular with the
officers and men of the Thirteenth
battalion of Virginia artillery, and his
record while serving with it was that
of an over courteous, vigilant, ener
getic, accomplished and bravo offioer.
He was well worthy of muoh higher
3ommand. Poaoo to his ashes 1 Bless
3d bo his m .aiory !
Let me identify myself by modest
ly adding that I was born tl Savage
Station, which is within 1* miles of
Riohmond, Va., and that I a.n a law
yer and am now chief judge of the Or
phans' court of Baltimore oity. Just
now I am in South Carolina on a vis: 11
to my widowed Bister. Mrs. Susan Far
row, reliot of the late Col. Jas. Far
row, of Laurens.
Let me add that I will ever cherish
tho memory of Maj Gibbes with pride
and affection. George Savage.
Laurens, June 25.
To Care a Cold ID Ona Day
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets.
All druggists refund the money if it I
#_JI_ x_ ._ -rx Ttr n_>_ I
lai? vu UUIOI JU? u . vi IU ? c a tugun
turo is on each box. Price 25a.
- It is useless to kick for a dis
count when called upon to pay the
debt of nature.
-*- When a lazy man condescends to
work he soon discovers ho's a little too
good for the job.
- Bettez say only half you think
tuan think only balf you say.
- To got rid of the germs in ice
cream boil it and cervq while hot.
STATISTICS OF THE WAK.
S tnt MU cut of Ir orces and Losses on Each
Side in the Great Struggle.
Sonic days ago the Picayune print
ed statistics showing that iu thc Civil
War the losses of the Confederates in
killed were in proportion greater than
were those of the federals.
This statement wa? questioned on
the ground that the federal armies
were nu?de up in the aggregate of
nearly five times the number of men
possessed by the Confederates, and
and that, therefore, the largest army
should naturally have sulfered the
greatest loss in battle. It was con
tended, on the other hand, that the
smaller army, in order to stand against
tho greater, was compelled to fight
with more desperation and dariog, and
that therefore, its men were subject
to greater loss. Moreover, any foroe
fighting at large odds would have to
endure the fire of a great number of
missiles, and this would expose ;it to
Unfortunately, many of the Confed
erate war records were lost or de
stroyed in the evacuation of and re*
treat from Richmond, and therefore
the Confederate returns are not com
plete and no aeourate account is avail
able. The war department at Wash
ington, which has oharge of all the
Confederate war records, has recently
begun the work of completing as far
as possible, the Confederate records
as to numbers and losses of men, and
a rall has been made which should be
promptly responded to, asking Con
federate survivors aud State authori
ties possessing muster rolls and other
data of the sort, to send them, either
as a loan or a gift, to the war depart
ment at Washington, so that they may
be copied and used to supply the lost
records. So far as the figures are
available today, The Picayune re
peats with additions the figures print
ed by it last Wednesday.
The figures in regard to the union
army aro taken from the "Statistical
Record" by Capt. Frederiok Phister
er, then of the army, published by
Charles Scribner's Sons, New York,
1883, and deolared to be oompiled
from army orders, registers of regu
lars and volunteers, reportB of the
adjutant general of the army, and
from those of the provost marshal
general of the army, the "Medical
History of the Rebellion," and other
As to the uniou forces in the
field, the summary of the men fur
nished bv and credited to the varions
States by the adjutant general's office
is given by States, and it shows,
inoluding Indians and negrees, a total
of 2,772,408 men and money commu
tation allowed by the draft' law, to
represent 86,728 men, making an
aggregate of men represented to be
Cf Indian troops there were 3,530
and of negroes there were 186,097, all
of whom are included in the figures of
2,722,408. There were 2,047 regi
ments of all arms. After citing in
detail the figures in the reports of the
adjutant general, of the provost mar
shal general, Capt. Phiaterer gives the
following as the most complete and
Killed in battle. 44,238
Died of wounds. 49,205
Suicide, homicide and exeontion 526
Died of disease. ... .186,216
Died in southern prisons. 24,184
Of the negro troops inoluded in the
above, 1,514 were killed in battle,
1,760 died from wounds, 29,212 died
from disease, 837 died in prison, and
57 from other causes.
The enlistment of foreigners in the
federal army are thus given:
British Americans. 53,500
All others.,. 74,900
The deficiency in the Confederate
returns preoludes any aoouraoy of
statement, bot the full Confederate
enlistment has been put at 600,000.
It should be remembered that the
northern States had a white popula
tion of 20,000,000 while the south had
a white population of 6,000,000 be?
sides 4,000,000 negroes. The south
ern negroes were slaves and wera
never used as soldiers, but they were
recruited for the northern army from
tho districts in the southern States
that were overrun, by the invaders,
to the number of 186,097. As to
foreigners, they were kept ont of the
south by the blookada of the southern
ports by the federal fleets, but they
were attracted to the northern army
by the large bounty offered, and they
joined in great numbera. If the six
million of white people in the south
sent one-tenth of their number, or
600,000 into the field, the 20,000,000
of the northern whites should at the
same rate have sent 2,000,000 sol
diers. These, with the 494,900 for
eigners, and the lt?.097 negroes,
would make an aggregato of 2,680,997,
or about ito strength reported above
for the totalfederal force.
Tho Confederate losses, as compiled
from tho muster rolls exta.it and on
filo io thc war department ia Wash
ington, give tho following:
Killed in battle. 52,954
Died from wounds. 21,570
Died from disease.. 59,297
Died ic northern pri^o*?*.20,436
It is plain, however, that the mus
ter rolls of the Confederates are ex
tremely incomplete, because they give
North Carolina 14,552 killed, while
they give Alabama only a total of
552, and Virginia 5,328, and Georgia
5,538, and Mississippi 5,807, when it
is well known that any of these States
furnished as many troops as did
North Carolina, and did as hard fight
ing. In the "Medical History of the
Civil War," prepared under the direc
tion of the then Surgeon General
Barnes, it was estimated that one ma"
out of every 65 was killed in action,
one out of every 10 was wounded in
aotion, and wno oat of every 56 died
of wounds. At this rate the losses of
the Confederates should have been
9.230 instead of 52,954, and the
wounded should have been 60,000,
while those who died of wounds should
have been something over 10,000, but,
on the contrary, they were many times
The late distinguished Confederate
surgeon general, Joseph Jones, esti
mated the grand total of deaths in the
Confederate army, from battle, wounds
and disease, at 200,000.
The federal official reports show
that of prisoners and deaths in prison
the following figures are the round
Federals in southern prisons..270,000
Confederates in northern
Excess of federals. 50,000
Deaths of Confederate
Deaths of federal prisoners... 22,570
Excess of Confederate deaths.2,866
Commenting on these figuros, the
present efficient and studious Confed
erate Surgeon General Tebault says:
"According to these figures the per
centage of federal deaths in south
ern prisons was under 9, while the
percentage of Confederate deaths in
northern prisons was over 21. These
mortuary statistios show how faith
fully and devotedly the Confederate
medioal oorps oared for the prisoners
of the Confederaoy in spite of the
scant supply of medicines and instru
ments and works on medioine and
surgery, and the moat absolute es
sentials for satisfactory treatment,
these having -been made contraband of
That the Confederates, by reason of
their smaller numbers, were forced to
fight with greater energy and to ex
pose themselves more prodigally to
the enemy's fire is uhown by the re
turns of losses in killed ?nd wounded
in battles, thus:
Battles. loss loss.
Ghioicamauga.15,801 ll ,135
Atlanta. 7,500 2,522
Franklin ...... ...... 6,250 1,222
The itbove were battles in whioh the
Confederates attacked their adversa
ries in strongly intrenched positions,
but in every ease the losses cr the
southern troops were out of proportion
to ther numbers, but they never re
ceived a blow without inflicting tre
mendous los se B in return.-New Or
Bad Negrees Coming S?rth.
??ew Orleans, June 26.-Tho move
ment started in several cities of the
South to get rid of the disorderly ne
gro element responsible for most of
the reoent orimes in this section io
gaining strength, and it is likely to
become general instead of spasmodic,
as formerly, and unload a large num
ber of negro gamblers, oonfidenoe men
and other oriminals on the North.
The towns in Southern Mississippi
are following the example^of Ellis
ville and Laurel in this matter and
ordering out all negro oriminals,
trampa and dangerous characters.
Cooper,, in Delta County, hr.s started
the movement in Texas. The negro
loafers, negro sneak thieves and pet
ty oriminals of that town have been
taken ont by the Regulars, whipped
and ordered to leave town.
Taking advantage of the excitement
caused by the whipping, the houses
of some of the better class negroes
were plaoarded with notices to leave.
They complained to the authorities
and at-a joint meeting hold at the
Court Houso the whites pledged their
support to all orderly negroes, tho ne
groes on their part promising to do all
ito their power to keep down the law
less element and to report all violators
of law among the negroes tb tue au
An investigation disolosed the faot
that the warnings on the houses of the
negroes were plaoed there by mischiev
ous boys.-New York Sun.
- The man. who holds the ladder at
the bottom is often of moro benefit to
tho world than tho one who olimbs to
- Kisses between women arc mere
Women of tue Olden Times.
Rac3 suicide and the decrease in the
Dumber of children born to American
parents are questions that .re just
now occupying thc public attention.
A recent artiole by a writer in a
monthly magazine contrasts the large
families of the early days of the Re
public with the small ones of the
present day. with a masterful pen.
This portrayal of the experiences of
the patient women of the olden times,
when women not only bore many chil
dren but were overburdened with the
toil and oare necessary to bring them
up, is graphic in its correctness.
The picture is BO true that I keenly
appreciated it, being myself the eldest
In the retrospective it seems to me
incredible that any woman could have
had the endurance and have accom
plished what our mother did for her
large family in a country primitive in
every sense of the word in those days.
Yet she performed her duties so
faithfully and with such marked abili
ty that the remembrance of her
achievements haB been a rebuke to
me all the long years since her un
She filled her mission with such ex
alted ambition fe; all of. her. children
t&at it still seems to me that her like
is not to be seen in these latter days.
Thc? the women of her day were su
perior in the qualities that go to make
up blessed womanhood and mother
hood seems indisputable. In the first
place they were wholly unselfish and
self-sacrificing for their families.
I do not olaim that there are no wo
men of the present day who would not
do as they did, but I do claim that
their prototypes are not numerous.
We have only to contrast the con
ditions of to-day with those of a quar
ter of a century ago to realize the dif
ference in the facilities for accom
plishing anything in those days and
the present era.
Electricity and the ingenuity of men
have lifted many of the burdens of
domes ti'? lifo from the shoulders of
Imagine the contrast of the White
House with its up-to-date improve
ments and the modern methods of con
ducting it as the home of the Presi
dent's family and its condition when
Abigail Adams had to have the family
washing dried in the East Room and
wrote snob gloomy letters about her
domestic trialB while she was its mis
All along the line from the first
home in the land to the humble cot
tage in the far West,' domestic work
haB been made easy'; to say nothing
of the chango from hand-carding,
spinning, weaving hand-made material
and hand-made blankets, table and
bed linen and the clothes for these
The cheese, butter and sweetmeats
that these women made every year,
not only for the use of their large
families, but the boats of guests they
entertained, for hospitality waa un
limited in "yo olden times."
To whioh add the prodigious labor
they performed Sn raising poultry and
supervising, if not actually working,
the kitchen and flower gardens. .Oth
er fields occupied their ?imo also.
The work of their oh urah es-they
took i.n active part in every movement
for the advancement of religion and
the building of churches.
They had to take turne in boarding
the ministers and school teaohers, and
aid in keeping up the six months'
schools-all they had each year.
Mrs. John A. Logan in St. Louis Re
- A curious thing about a woman
ie that she can be proud of her grand
children and her youth at the same
time. ' *
^--^>^ When :i
C/f woman u
v -C" *^**V nervous her
^?\<^ -r ^.Vmagina
*.? S> tion gives
* J^^y .. fantastic
S ^and threat
v _/v-" cuing
*^"? Shapes to -
. 1 . ,,!>-- the most fa
*" '^^S** . miliar ob
jfaf jeda. By day
jfrl&L ' , she starts in fear
VS\ at every^sudden
) V?C3J VVS^'N. or unfamiliar
Wi! '/TN > " sound. By
l-^ / tx. / right the furni
'n'MM??iil r ture ?f her room
^HH >w ^"'^ takes on af
"WBBHBbaw frighting forma
?BB Bk. of ghost or Rob
mgm HfSy Un. You can't
M ?Bnreason with the
? -". can quiet them.
r . ? They mtot be
nourished and then the outcry of the
nerves -will cease aa naturally an a hun
gry child ceases to cry when fed.
For nervous women lhere ia nd better
tonic and nervine than Dr. Pierce** Fa
vorite Prescription. K cutta the dis
ease* which produce nervousness in
women, irregularity, debilitating drains,
inflammation, ulceration and female
weakness. It trabquilfcceo the serves,
encourage* the appetite, and induces rc
?When I bcs&n Uki ag yetar saedicine 2 w*?
sot ?Me to Stand on tty -Hxi im inia?itfc? ol u
time," writ? ^n. HstUe Borradaile, of u%
Bf?*ag Street, Na*hvin?\ Tenn. ?Had iwKsw
ol -mis, and krui ney and tiver di*ea*?, and tnt?
so Wik ?nd tua/fou? J contd not keep still.
Would take nerroo? Step* and almost die at
time*. 1 had several d?n?rent doctor* attend
ing, trat they could not do me atty good. The
l**t ona I had said T. -would never ger. np again.
Told hita that twas taking your 'rn vc ritfc Pre
scription ' and 'Golden Medical Discovery,' and
he ?aid, 'Might hut aa well take that ranch
water each day.' nut I thought X would give toe
medicine a lair trial. Before I had finished the
first two bottles I waa abie to get outside the
house and walk around the yard. X kept on
taking the medicines and they cured tte.?
Dr. Fierce'* Pelleta cure biliousness.
The Kind Toa Have i?ways Boy ?lit, and wl?vli has been
in use for over SO years, has horne the signature e?
i ,,"- and has bcenmadeunder his per?
r*Psonni supervision since ito urfaucy.
y&Oftt /<Z4C&4< Allow nv miQto deceive you in ibis,
AU Counterfeits, imitations and ?? Jlud^as-good" are but
Experiments that trifte with and endanger the health of
Infant? and Children-Ebxperience against Experiment.
What is CA?TORIA
Castoria 3a a harndeae substitute for C&ster ??V Pare
goric. Drops and Seething Syrup*. ; X% Ss JNcssS^ lt
catates aeith?r Opiasa, ?srpjfine ser ethe,? ^ascetic
substance. Its age ls Its guarantee. It destroys Worms
?nd allays Feverishnessy It cores Diar?hoB? saud Wind
Colle. It relieves Teething Trouble?, cores Constipation
?nd Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels? giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea-The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTOR?A ALWAYS
lin Use For Over 30 Years.
._ TX? CCNTAWn COU PA HY. TV MURRAY RT BC ET. H KW fOM CUV.
Some Things You Need ?
A pare milk food. Delicious, nutritious, digestible. For dainty desserts,
ice cream, Sec. A Receipt Book with.each package, and the price 10o a box.
BLUE RIBBON EXTRACTS.
Blue Bibbon, Vanilla and Lemon Extracts are tbe best that can be made.
I have handled these Gooda for several years,.and have never had a complaint
of them yet. Put up in 10c. and 25c. bottles.
H. J. Heiz' pure Pi okling Vinegar to preeer ve y pur pickles with, price
40c. gallon.: ,
? give a Cash Register with each purchase, and give you 50c. in trade
for 920.00 worth of Checks returned. r.
C. FB?NK BOLT.
This ia the ideal season
to enjoy a : : : : :
JN?ce JN?w Buggy,
And we have a splendid line pf them to select from at reasonable prices. If
you need a nice-?
Set of T?arnes?Ss
It wiU pay you to ase us before you buy. w ' .
Yours for Hew Buggies,
VANDIVER BROS; & MAJOR.
Are you going to huy a Buggy, Wagon or Set of Harness
soon? If you are, it -will pay you io inspect my stock and
get prices if you don't huy. I have the largest stock, to select
from in the State. 21?,L EHE LEADING MAKES.
fl CAN SAVE YOU MONEY.
Be sure and give me a call before buying.
Car M?buTA Wagons just received.
New one?, sach a?"" ??goN & HAMMN,
FARRAND. b ablo ^ fa
A maa thinks it is when th? to&tSer of life]
inaura ?es snggosts itself-but cfec?ni
oes of late have shown how lifo hangs
tlwsad when war, Hood, hurricane r.nd -
suddenly ovetiakes. you, and the only way j
to bo sure that your family ls protected *
case of oala-Tity overtaldng you is to '
sure in a s olid Company like
The Mufe ?al fi?a?fi? Hfe? Cfo
Drop in an ceo us about is.
Poopla*' '.Baak Bni?dSng, AKDKHSOJNT B ?.