Newspaper Page Text
Battle of Fri
Editor of Thc Atlanta Journal:
Tho following is an accouut of thc
battle of I?rcderickuburg, which I cop
ied from a "Southern Recorder," pub
lished in Milledgeville, Ga., Decem
ber 30, 18G2:
Near Battle Ground at Hamilton's
(Jros.siog, Dec. 14, 1862.
Since the close of my letter yester
day the battle has been raging fiercely
and furiously along a linc of six miles,
reaching from a point just about Fal
mouth along the river as far down a9
The ball opened on our Wt with ar
tillery about 'J:30a. rn, and was carried
on with heavy guns until about 1:30,
when tho infantry first went into ac
tion on our right. Then it was that
for hours the combat raged with an
intensity at least equal to, if not great
er, than anything that bas occurred
during thc war.
Your corresponde nts wcro on tho
right, and ot course can speak with
more accuracy in regard to thc fight
ing on that wing than ou the left.
Jackson sustained by A. P. Hill,
bore the bruut of the battle, and no
bly did they sustain themselves. The
Yankees fought well, but were repeat
edly driven back. At une time it was
.said they had been forced back to the
.extent of ono and a half miles.
Our lino of battle extended along
the railroad track, whilst that of tho
<mr*ny was formed on the country
rou< running parallel with tho river.
TT. ". they have tho beuelit in case of
. Long forced baok, of tho natural forti
fications which tho ditching, for the
purpose of drainage, on cither side of
the road, will give them. It may bc
asked why were they allowed this ad
vantage? Tho answer must bo that
tho enemy's guns from thc north side
of the river commanded this position
and that the position choson by our
generals was for defensive operations,
for superior, being all along on the
ri se of gentle slopes, skirted by the
woods. The troops of tho enemy on
this wing were mostly old ones, being
Moadc's Pennsylvania Reserves, aud
Stoncman's corps, under the imme
diato command of General Reynolds.
The prisoners captured by our meu,
some 250 in number, said that Burn
side commanded in person.
We have some seven Yankee com
missioned officers. Tho prisoners
seemed by no means dissatisfied atbe
\ icg taken.
The viotory was much moro im
portant than was at first generally be
A gentleman who spent last night
at General Lee's headquarters, in
forms me the generalis highly ple&sed
with tho result of the battle, and says
that our troops behaved, nobly and
bore down the enemy at all points.
I shall now attempt to supply some
of the deficiencies in my last.
^hc abolition troops beaton by our
right wing on yesterday, were "Fight
ing Joe Hooker's," supported by
Franklin's oorps, and numbered thirty
.thousand men. We had fourteen
'thousand men in the fight on the right.
The onemy during most of the day
fought as well as they havo ever done,
Jbut about four o'clock p. m. lost heart
-?nd gave way on all quarters.
It was then that Franklin's men
wero brought into action, and wore al
so repulsed. Walker's artillery, which
I haye already mentioned as stationed
in the open plain on our extreme-right
to the east of Hamilton's . crossing,
was late in the day reinforced by tho
Second Howitzers. The Thomas ar
. tillery and several other batteries drove
" t*he enemy's batteries, posted higher
up the valley, from all their positions
-and 8hatte",d Lia columns of infantry
with an enfilading fire. The enemy's
batteries at this point wcro strongly
posted behind a road crossly the val
i ley, and fired through gaps out in a
? brush fenoe.
Behind tho same fence the Yankee
sharpshooters kept up an incessant
... ..rmd.dendly fire on our batteries. The
' enemy was not dislodged from this
jposition until we opened on them at
two hundred yards distance with grape
and canister. Having routed these
..chatteries, our artillery opened on otb
-v era more distant. After his infantry
- badmen repulsed the enemy's artil
... loryvc eased. ?ring. During the en
gagement our aitiNery io xthe valley
buffered greatly frota- shell <fcnd sharp
???looters. Their gun carnage R aid
?caissons were literally peppered wi tlx.
.?anie nails, and the number of horses
filled is almost incredible, t
(?The Purcell battery occupied an ex
posed position on a hill opposite the
. ..^erny's o enter. Their loss, whichjwe
r>-j^ve?'Below, exceeds that of any arti!
t- Secy<courpany we have yet heard from.
\ .That eomo idea of tho extent of the
-artillery fighting may be formed, I
Fwill state that nearly all of tho bat
teries engaged on the right fired two
hundred rounds to tho gun. '
' A Georgia regiment, about 3 o'clock
j took a battery of eight guns, but bc'
? iog unsupported and having exhaust
ed their ammunition, were forced tc
Our loss in killed, wounded and
missing on tho right wing will, w(
think, be found to be about 1,200,
though Ur. Gill, General Lee's inedi
cal director, is reported to have said
that that number will cover our IOBS
along the whole line. All of oui
wounded that I have conversed with
say that our killed will bear no pro
portion to our wounded, the latter be
ing eight orten to one of the former.
Our artillery suffered more severely
than the infantry.
Our loss in officers is, a? usual, very
great. General Maxey Gregg wa? shot
through the spine with a minnie ball
and now lie?, it is thought, mortally
wounded at tho home of Mr. Thomas
The enemy's loss on his left is es
timated at 5,000 men, killed, wounded
and prisoners. I have seen about 500
of the latter, the only officer of note
on tlie other side that we hear of be
ing killed is General Jackson. One
of his aids, Major Zentimcyer, reports
the death of his chief.
The battle on the left was equally
as disastrous to the enemy, and much
less serious to us. About 3 o'clock
p. m., the enemy sallied out of Fred
cricksburg and advanced against
Longstreet. His Grst attack was made
on a hill south of thc railroad, upon
which the Washington artillery bat
talion was posted behind breastworks.
Between the hill and the town there
is a wide, clear plain, over which the
enemy had to advance. Tho Wash
ington artillery reserved their fire un
til the Yankees arrivod withiu two
hundred and fifty yards, when they
opened on thc heavy masses with grape
and canister. At thc first broadside
of thc sixteen guns of the battalion,
hundreds of the Y'ankees went down,
and at every SUCCPBS?VO discharge great
furrows were plowed through their
ranks. They staggered repeatedly,
but were as noon rallied and brought
forward. But, wheo within less than
two hundred yards of tho foot of the
hill on which tho battalion was post
ed, being unable longer to withstand
thc murderous fire that at every dis
charge was decimating their ranks,
they broko and fled in confusion-up
wards of a thousand-thinking to es
cape tho fire from which they were
suffering, ran forward and jumped in
to a out of the railroad, but found lit
tle safety in tho movement, as tho out
was swept from end to cud by a bat
tery further up the road. The main
body of tho enemy, however, fled pre
cipitately baok toward tho town.
Whilo the Washington artillery had
been mobing down the center, three
brigades of our infantry had been
busy on the flanks and when the ene
my gave way, pursued them into the
During tho greater part of tho ac
tion Generals Lee and Longstreet were
in tho Washington artillery's breast
works, and are said to have enjoyed
tho sport intensely. Our whole los?
on this wing amounted to five hun
dred killed and wounded.
The Washington artillery had twen
ty-five wounded. Among our killed
is General Thomas lt. Ii. Cobb. , Wo
have heard no estimate of the enemy's
loss in this engagement, but it amounts
to many thousand.
Hoping this report, will interest tho
"boys who wore thc gray," and' every
one else who reads it, I remain,
Yours very truly,
W. D. Lyles,
Co. I, Twenty-Sixth, Ga.
"LEE TO THE RSARV
Since the war, tho story has been
repeatedly published that on tte 6th
of May, 1864, in the battle of the
Wilderness, Gen. Leo appeared before
the Texas brigade and offered to lead
it ic a oharge but the brave men told
him that he must, go-to the rear for
that was no place for him. The story
may be true but it is certainly exag
gerated for Gen. Lee was not a man to
be rattled in any sueh way. We re* !
member the day and the time when
the Texas brigade marched into posi
tion on the battlefield. At that point
on the line Hill's Corps met the ene
my on the afternoon of the day before
and fought into the nigh?. When
the firing ceased they rested on the
field, holding /the position from whioh
they had driven Grant's arm v. It
was understood in Hill's Corps, wheth
er by order or not wo do net know,
that Longstreet's men were on the
field and in position and would opon
the fight in the morning. It was also
understood that H?U'it Corps would
support tho movement of Lou?street.
86 Hill's Corps was not in the lino of
bun)? when Graut moved forward al
daybreak uti r ho Gin and it was driveu
! back in groat confution except Mc
. Gowan'? Brigade which liad been
j formed in linc just as Graut'? move
! mcui began. We had not gor?e back
? more than a quarter of a mile when
the Texas Brigade came into position
on thc left of the plank road. They
were as steady as the Old Guard 01
thc Tenth Legion, and every man ol
Hill's Corps knew that the tide would
turo and they stopped their retrograde
movement and formed line right there.
Every man of tho Army of Northern
Virginia who survives knows that thc
Texas Brigade was never so hard
pressed that anybody was needed to
lead it in a light.
We do not Bay that this theatrical
exhibition did not take place, but wc
affirm that there waa ni.i necessity foi
Gen. Lee to lead the Texans or ny ol
Longstreet's Corps when they came
upon tho field that morning or at any
time during that battle.
Thc battle of Spottsylvania was
fought on thc 12th of May, 1804, just
six days after the Wilderness, and a
similar story is told about that day but
this time it was not the Texans that
Gen. Lee offered to lead but the Geor
gians and the Virginians. Thc other
day a newspaper correspondent gave
a graphic description of the incident.
Gen. Gordon was the great man on
that occasion. He is described ae
galloping around on "hisfoam-covered
charger." lt is said that "with both
rowels pressed to his horse's flank
Gea. Gordon with one great, bound
took Gen. Lue'? hor^oTraveler by the
bridle, turned him around requesting
Gen. Lee to go to the rear and take
cate ot' himself.
We heard uothing of this story till
years after the war but upon investi
gation wo find that it appeared just
after the war in a .book styled "Lee
and His Lieutenants," wri^eb by
Edward A. Pollard, of RiobmWdy Va.
He was a newspaper mau aud .jrat up
the story in good shape. Weldon't
see how it could be known thafc^'Gor
don's horse was covered with foam,
when it was raining in torreuts that
morning. Gordon's troops must have
been in groat panic if Gen. Lee thought
that (Jordon himself was uot able to
get them up to the scratch. If they
were standing up to their duty as they
usually did wo can't see why Geueral
Leo thought his presence was neces
sary to get them to move forward.
Wo will conclude this article by
narrating au incident* of that great
Early that morning Gen. Hancock
assaulted our line at a point held by
Gen. Edward Johnson aud his divis
ion. He captured Johnson and his
men and a lot of artillery. That par
ticular part of the line was called the
"Horseshoe bend" and it was neces
sary for it to be retaken and held till
the lino could bo rectified. Gen. Lee
8eleotod one brigade r> _i eaoh corps
to do the work. Harris' Mississippi
Brigade and Perriu's Alabama Bri
gade went in first but Gen. Loe did
not think it necessary to placo him
self at their head to get them to do the
important work they were called upon
to perform. Harris stayed with his
men. Perrin foll dead ao he rcaohed
the point where he was ordered to go.
At that time McGowan's Brigade was
in tho front line, a mile and a quarter
away, ready to hold bunk the line of
the enemy which was advancing on
that position. Gen. Leo rode up and
ordered tho brigade out of position,
filling the place vacated with other
troops. Then it was made known to
us that wc were to take our place in
tai Bloody Angle and to hold it at all
hasards. Gen. Lee sat on his horse
near a largo brick kiln aa we passed
by. He showed no nervous excite
ment but looked with admiration upon
us. He made no offer to lead us for
Blows out the gas and furnishes the
newspapers with a jest and an obituary
notice. "Didn't know it waa loaded"
may be an honest plea, but it never
brought a victim back to life. Those
who let a cough' run on, in ignorance of ,
the danger, find no escape from the con
sequences when the cough develops into
The best time to cure a cough is when
it starts. Ordinarily, a few doses ol Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery will
cure a cough at thc beginning. But
even when the cough is deep-seated, the
lungs bleed and the body fa wasted by
emaciation, Dr. Pierce's Golden M?dical
Discovery will in ninety-eight cases out
of every hundred effect a perfect and
$3,000 FORFEIT will be paid by the
World's Dispensary Medical Association,
Proprietors, Buffalo, N. V., if they can
not show the original signature of the
individual volunteering the testimonial
below, and also ot the writers of every
testimonial among the thousands which
they are constantly publishing, thus
proving their genuineness.
much ?Unaed bit looked roc tao bursting o? a
blood-teasel or a hemorrhage at mott ant time,
a:jr husband's reoorery was remarkable. Ia
three day? after he began using Dr. Pierce*!
Golden Medical Discovery he waa np and
around, and in two nore dava he went to work.
Two bott!eg cured bim."
The Common Sense Medical Adviser,
rood pages, in paper covers, is sent free
on receipt of ai one-cent stamps, to pay
expense of mailing only. Address Dr.
? IL V. Pierce Buffalo. Hf.Jfi_
ho know that it WAH not necessary.
Ho had Been us tried on many fields.
If Gen. Leo had oiler d to lead us
we would have done just as he said,
for there was nothing that Gen. Lee
uould require of us that we would not
cheerfully have performed, even unto
death.-lt. R. Hemphill in Abbeville
Romance of the Civil War.
State Senator Benjamin .Starr has
sent to Benjamin Starr Reid, of Char
leston, Mo.,. a beautiful solid silver
loving oup and several other silver
pieces of rich design. The recipient
is a baby less than a month old that
has been named for the Senator, and
tho latter, in acknowledging the honor
conferred upon him, adds another
chapter to a pretty and romantic story
that had its beginning during the civil
Senator Starr was a member of the
2d Indiana cavalry and during a Ken
tucky campaign was stricken ill with
typhoid fever in camp. The regiment
was near the plantation of James
Wardlaw, who, though not a soldier-in
the Confederate army, was in full ac
cord with tLo Southern cause in tho
conflict then raging. The suffering
of any man, Union or Confederate,
however, found sympathy in him, and
upon learning of Starr's serious con
dition, ho had him brought into his
home, and there the Union soldier
was nu-scd baok to health and
strength. Tho mother ot thc babe
that bears the nanio of Senator Starr
is a daughter of the Wardlaws, now
Mrs. Reid, of Charleston, Mo., and in
thus christening her boy she has ex
tended the friendship and love of the
two families into another generation.
An anti cigarette orator predicts
that the cigarette will be extinotin ten
years. And by that time a good many
of the boys who smoko*it will be ex
- A girl always thinks aman is im
pressed with the beauty of her faoe
when be turns around to ?ake another
look to see how in the world she keeps
her bat on.
- "I am a self-made man/' said the
proud individual. "Well, you aro all
right except as to your head." com
mented the other part of the conversa
tion. "How's that?" "Tho part you
talk with is out of proportion to the
part you think with."
To Cure a Cold in One Day'
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets.
All druggists refund the money if it
fails to cure.' E. W. Grove's signa
ture is on each box. Price 25c.
The ferrying of listels.
The State of July 23d commenting
on Judge Gage's ruling requiring wit
nesses to "put on their coats before
coming into court to testify," says: x
"We would for the cause of jue tico,
reverse his ru]io-? and require that
every witness and juror should appear
in his shirt sleeves and that their hip
pockets and the contents thereof
should be exposed to view. We would
extend the ruling to the gentlemen of
the bar and are confident that if re
quired to remove their coats in the
presence of the judge several lawyers
would be found with pistols in their
pockets. Certainly, according to re
ports, such would have been the result
during the recent session of the crimi
nal court held in Columbia."
That reveals a deplorable condition
of things in our State. The question
is pertinent, are we a civilized people?
Is the spirit of lawlessness so rife
among us that it is really neceusary
for a man to go "armed to the teeth"
to protect his lifo against the murder
ous hand of the assassin? We were
under the impression that pistol-carry
ing was confined to unrefined brava
does among the whites and to cowardly
negroes. We have always regarded
carrying ooncealed weapons in time of
peace as an evidence of oowardioe. A
man who obeys the laws of his coun
try and treats his fellowmen with
proper respoot-who deals truthfully
and honestly with all men, oan trans
act his business affairs, discharge the
duties of his office and walk tho streets
or travel the highways without fear of
molestation. Oar public men above
all others should be law-abiding citi
zens-should respect and obey the law
against carrying ooncealed weapons.
A lawyer who appears in a sourt room
with a pistol in his hip pocket lowers
the dignity of tho' legal profession
-dishonors himself and brings re
proach upon the bar. We cannot be
lieve that the praotioo to which the.
State refers prevails to any large ex
tent among the members of the bar in
South Carolina. The bar of our State,
has always been noted for mon of con
spicuous ability and manly courage.
And the legal fraternity today is com
posed of high-toned, honorable gentle
men who love truth and justice, and
uphold the maj?sty of the law-the
few who go into a court room with
pistols in their pockets are the excep
tions, not worthy representatives of
tho bar.-Southern Christian Advo
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