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South. Carolina, Clems
ID the history of nations there has
been giren no wiaer Advice than this :
.'In time of peace prepare for war."
If in time of peace Japan had not
jirepared for war she would long be
fore this have been conquered and
gubject to Russia instead of having
met success at every turn as Bhe has
Since nullification and secession
Lavo long ince became dead issue's,
South Carolina alone will never again
have cfcuse to make war with villain
But alone and unaided South Caro
lina has before her an industrial fight
of giant proportions, unlesB she is
willing quietly to become the New
Kngland of the South, a collection of
worn out lands and deserted farms,
ber sons migrating to other States to
make a living because none can be
made at home, her daughters, in in
creasing numbers, never to know the
joys of motherhood and bring up sons
to the State because those who should
have been their fathers have gone
elsewhere to work and to marry, un
gallantly unmindful of the girls they
left behind them.
New England boasts of her manu
factures, bat those who have followed
the plow have had a corry time of it
of late years. South Carolina, too,
may boaBt of her ootton manufactures,
and heaven grant that she may do so
for a hundred years to come, but if
she does not give heed to the signs of
times, if she does not in peace prepare
for war, she will have little elso to
boast of but her cotton mills and her
truck farms when a decade of two has
rolled by, for her general agricultural
condition will be that of New Eng
The years of 10 oent cotton are
times of peace and prosperity. In
these she uhould prepare for war, and
if she does so wisely she may lead the
whole South, not only in cotton manu
factures, hut in agricultural as well.
Her sons will remain at home. Her
daughters will increase her population
with native Carolinians faster than
immigration will do with foreigners,
MQU peopie from nearby States will
flock here to share' her prosperity.
Fortunately for South Carolina, she
has one great thing in her favor which
New England has not, and that is a
genial climate, the full significance of
whioh has been understood here and
the importance of whioh will be shown
New England had her agricultural
fight with the northwest and lost out
because her lands were less fertile and
her climate and other conditions were
m BO better. South Carolina must fight,
? not only the middle west, but also
? Louisiana and Texas, whose richer
? lands are already robbing her of her
I supremacy in rice, and with the Mie
If sis??ppi valley, which Will most cer
tainly make her cotton plantations
worthless when ootton again declines
to its former unhappy level.
I have taken upon me to Buggest a
battle cry for this industrial war in
whioh South Carolina mast engage.
It is "Carolina, Clemson, Cattle and
Cotton Seed," a. homely battle cry,
perhaps, but* thiB is to be ap indus
trial war and things industrial are
omely things. It is none the less a
attie ory whioh will win if the good
pople cf this State ?BU be induced to
ake it np.
South Carolina has already had her
arning. I trust that ? may be a lit
e personal without offense, saya
ew wordB to bring myself in closer
?neb with my readerB?tid show ,that
J have some fitness to deal With this
About eight years ago I came to
his Stato and settled at Fort Hill be
aase South Carolina's agricultural
liege was the only one in thc United
tates whose doors were open in sum*
iet?B}er time, when I had leisure to study,
or four years I did study there,
udied my test, ('Carolina, Clemson,
3, Cotton Seed." Then I return
to tbo homo of my fathers in Ten
"see, made myself a place and a
sae (here, and in doe time returned
the Palmetto State for UB presid
?Sorely then I am entitled to speak
Carolinians and Carolina bas the
M to claim tho best that is in lino,
thia.spirit I'am writing these let
It will be ? pleasure to welcome
of South Carolinas sons in Ten
bee, but it will be kinder if I can
jip them to remain and make honves
?their own and good incomes in their
started to say that South Carolina
already bad a warning. When I
here some three or four years agc
(seemed that this industrial war bad
-dy begun, though tho remarkable
ice in thc price of cotton, which
cannot hope to last always, bas
fe us forget it for Che tim?.
mon waa not then paying for the
son, Cattie and Cotton
cost of production in So..'.h Carolina,
although you were doing your best to
stimulate it with some 200,000 tons of
commercial fertilizer. Tho Missis
sippi valley, Louisiana and Texas,
where fertilizers are yet little needed
on account of the great fertility of tho
soil, were still making a little money
on cotton, and could have gone on
after South Carolina had been com
pelled tc drop out of the rase it the
price had not changed. Agricultur
ists may say what they please, South
Carolina cannot turn her attention lo
something else and stop raising cotton
without sinking lower than New Eng
land. Her cotton mills already need
three-fourths as much cotton as the
State raises, and will soon need twice
as much; the oil mills of the State
already need twice as much cotton
seed as are raised here; her fertilizer
factories need nothing so muoh as a
cheap supply of ammoniates whioh the
seed furnish;.her people understand
cotton oulture thoroughly and under
stand no other great crop except rice,
which is suited only to a portion of
Had cotton remained low and no
new conditions been introduced, the
growth of cotton would have fallen off
in the State, the cotton mills, oil mills
and fertilizer factories would have
made less money add thousands of
farmers would have left the State.
Even then your farmers were despair
ing of giving their boys a chance of
making a living on the farm, and were
sending them to Clemson Agricultural
College to learn mechanical and elec
trical engineering, and Senator Till
man was finding them positions with
the government outside the State be
cause there was no place for them in
I saw one of the graduates of those
days recently home for a visit, and
sure enough he brought a wife with
him. Another family lost to the State
and nobody to blame but conditions in
South Carolina at that time. ; .
Many of the farmers' daughters
were going to the cotton mills and
gradually drawing father, mother and
little brothers and Bisters into the
same work away from the farm. South
Carolina was fast approaching New
England conditions at that time. But
most significant to my mind of South
Carolina's decline agriculturally was
the decrease year by year in tho num
ber of cattle raised in the State, for
everywhere in civilized countries suc
cessful agriculture is accompanied by
successful cattle raising. 'In the good
old times before the war South Caro
lina had,- in 1850, by the census re
port, 777,686 head of cattle. In 1900
she had only 255,164. j
i I cannot call to mind any State in
the union or any country on the globe
that did not at least begin to go to the
j dogs as soon as its oattle or sheep in
dustry started on a steady deoline.
The number of States and countries
that .have risen to wealth, influence
and importance by developing their
live stock industries is legion. . ?
So little understood and yet. so un
important -is this matter of oattle rais
ing in South Carolina, so intimate io
I its connection with success in agricul
ture (as ?veTfy text book on the sub
ject shows) that if I were au editor in
.South Carolina I would imitate the
example of a Roman orator who had a
purpose to accomplish and acoora^Usb
edit, and would close every one cf my
speeches, I mean editorials, with :
"South Carolina Must Have Cattle."
The next best thing for South Caro
lina to the immigratian of substantial
men, who will pay-for their keep, ii
the immigration or raising of substan
tial oattle that will pay for their keep.
Indiana, not much bigger than South
Carolina, baa a million and a quarter
of them, and is growing rich from
them. Iowa has over 4,000,000. A
man who went np to one of these
States where they combine ?attie rais- j
ing with agriculture; and do it right,
came back and said the farmers there
live aa muoh better than our farmers
do than we live better than the ne
groes. I shall stop right here and let
this cine thought soak in till my next
letter. Farmers who want to live
well, must combine cattle raiding with
farming. Farmers live well where
they raise cattle and their tone stay at
home. Why not in South Carolina?
We must have cattlo in South Caro
lina. ' Edwin Lehman Johnson.
Pendleton, Aug. 29,1904.
,m j im *
- Une cup that cheers tee honey
bee is the but tero up.
;-Many who think they will fee
chosen aren't even oalled. # J
-. Some men remind oro of a b?rd's
cyo view of tho rea) thing.
-A man never ?cts full until lie ia
too far gone to get homo sober.
' -Critics are misanthropic persons
who .have a penohaut for throwing
Southern Farm Mortgages.
Without detraoting from the value
of the observations of "Bonds sad
Mortgages," printed elsewhere in this
issue of the Field-remarks whioh are
made from the standpoint of the in
vestor, dealing with the element of
security rather than the question cf
benefits acoruing to the South from
the h vestment of outside capital in
this form-it may be added that the
singular absenoe of the farm mort
gage-its comparative absence-is one
of the most striking features brought
to the attention of tte home-seeker.
In the West the farm mortgage was
the preeursorof development; it large
ly preeeded all eise in thc nature of
development, while development cf
the South, proceeding along different
lines, performed the work of creating
the best of home markets and the
highest prioo for farm products with
out incumbering the chief source of
the South's wealth-its soil. Tn other
words, the industrial development of
the South has so greatly improved the
status of the Southern farmer, by
multiplying the demands for his pro
ducts, both at home and abroad, but
more especially at home, that many
of the consideration whioh moved the
Western and Northern farmer to mort
gage his holdings do not apply in the
South. There the burden of initial
exploitation and development har been
borne by the manufacturer and the
railroad, while in the West it fell upon
the shoulders of the farmer.
In tho South, the farmer's oppor
tunity has come to him quickly,
largely through the efforts of other
factors; iu the West it came by slow
gradations, marked by heavy drains
upon his substance to meet interest
payments on mortgages, whioh are
now being canceled. In a word, the
West mortgaged its realty, while the
South, for the most part, has only in
cumbered some of the chattels.
On the other hand, from the view
point of the investor, there can he nc
doubt about the attractions of the
South as a field for farm mortgage
investments. As "Bonds and Mort
gages" points out, the seourity is safe
-relatively safer than in any othei
part of the country, for there is nt
; other section where values put upoi
land are so disproportionate to itt
earning po iver, whether it is employee
in agriculture or allowed to idle anc
grow up in timber.
It has often been said by sbrewc
observers that if only a small percent
age of the money employed to give
the Weet its start-and of course thi
major part of this money was placet
through the medium of the farm mort
gage-had been invested in the Soutl
instead, it would now be the mos
prosperous section of the country
But whatever the ultimate economi
value of a system of farm mortgagin,
in tho South, as general as that pur
sued in the West would be, there is n
doubt that suoh a course at this june
turc of the South's developmen
would promise more for the seotio
than if introduosd alan earlier period
before the strides in industry an
transportation placed the Souther)
firmer in his present position of oom
parative independence respecting mai
kets and market prices.
The utility of the mortgage is c
course the same in financiering a fan
that it is in any other business ut
dertaking; and the essential, or pr
mary difference bef ween the West an
the South has simply been the ord<
in whioh resources have been take
up for development. In the Wei
the farm lands came first; in tl
South they are coming last, their a
traotions heightened by all that hi
gone before in the development <
other things.--Southern Field.
Method In His Madness.
A visitor to the St. Louis expos
tion congratulated Joseph W. Foll
the district attorney of the oity, upc
the speed with whioh he had brougl
the "boodle aldermen" to trial, sa:
the San Antonio Express.
"Speed," said Mr. Folk, emil in
"is an. excellent thing, a thing th
will aohieve wonders. I neard tl
other day of an Irishman, thong
who expected too much -of speed.
. "This Irishman was a painte
Usually being paid by the hour, 1
worked rather slowly, but a frier
found him painting one- day like
"The friend paused to investiga
so strange a matter.
" 'What's come over ye, McGuiro
ho said. 'It ain't like you to woi
"'Whist,' said McGuire. 'Stat
out of the way and don't shtop m
Oi'm sh tri vin* to get through befi
mo paint gives out.* "
- The bibulous chap who is al wa;
loaded isn't tho ona who insists upc
carrying other people's burdens. .
-- When you hear a man referred
as a diamond in tba -rough you w
generally find a lot of people wi
want to ont him.
- Jones-What have you got th
stiring around your finger for ? Brov
-My wife put it on so that I shoo
remember something, I forget what
was. I'm keeping it oo now io i
mind me to ask her what it/was wh*
I get homo t!*is evening.
A Hood Word for "Dad."
Over the parlor doors of a home Dot
fat from one of the Woodbury churohos
may be seen tho legend, "What is
Home Without a Mother?" On the
opposite wall is a motto, "God Bless
Our Home." And as we looked at the
two mottoes we wondered how it would
do to hang a third, to read like this:
"God Bless Our Dad."
He is of some account surely. He
gets up early, lights the fires, boils au
egg, grabs his dinner pail and wipes
off the dew with his boots while many
a mother is sleeping. Ile makes the
weekly handout for the butcher, the
baker and bis little pile is badly worn
before he has been home an hour.
He keeps the renr. acoount balanced
and otands off tho sherill. Should
there bo any unusual noise in the
night he is kicked iu thc back and
made to go down-stairs to find the
burglar and kill him. Mother darned
the sooks, but dad bought the socks
in the first place and the needles and
yarn afterward. Mother docs up the
fruit; well, dad bought it al), and jars
and sugar costs like thc mischief.
Dad buys ohiokens for Sunday din
ner, carven them himself and draws
the neck from tho ruins after every
one else is served.
"What is home without a mother?"
Yeo, that is all right, but what is
home without a father? Ten chances
to one it is a boarding house; father ?B
under thc blab and the landlady in a
widow. Dad, hero's to you; you have
your faults-you are all right, and
we'll miss you when you aro gone.
Woodbury, Vt., Reporter.
"Did you over stop to think about
the origin of the stripes we use in our
I prisons," said a man with an eye for
the curious. "If you have not it will
not take you long to figure the thing
out if you hsppen to know anything
about the Bible. The fact is that we
get the idea from the old dispensa
tion. When I say we I mean the peo
ple of our civilization, of our own day
and time, and who live under and are
guided by our systems and notions.
For instenoe, in the laws and ordi
nances of Deuteronomy we find the
following, which will give us thc clew
to tho origin of stripes as a badge of
infamy : 'If there be a controversy
between men, and they come int"
judgment, that thc Judges may judge
them, then they shall justify the
righteous and condemn the wioked.
And it BU ni i be, if the wicked man he
worthy to be beaten, that the Judge
shall eau BO him to lie down, and to be
beaten before his face, aooording to
his fault, by a certain number. Forty
stripes he may give him, and not em
ceed ; lest if he should exceed, and
beat him above these with many
stripes, then thy brother should seem
vile unto thee.' Now instead of in
flicting these physical stripes, we put
striped clothes on the men who offend
the law, or who may 'come unto judg
ment, that the Judges may judge
them,' aa. it is put in the text. Of
oourse, yon should go much further
baok in history if you cared to trace
the origin of marks of infamy, hut
yen would find ?hat physical mutila
tion of some sort in a majority of in
stances afforded tue means. But I
was just telling you about tho origin
of our penitentiary stripes, and did
not mean to open the whole question
which lieo behind the modern prac
tice."-New Orleans Times.
No Time Lost.
A mother, says the New York Tri
bune, after days of preparation for a j
week's absence from heme, suddenly
remembered, after the train was well
under way, that she had left a bottle
of a certain well-known remedy within
reach of the meddlesome little fingers
of her three-year-old son. She re
membered, too, that there was noth
ing that the ohild loved better than
the aromatic contents of that particu
Hurriedly oalling the porter, the
anxious mother prepared a message to
be telegraphed from the first station.
"Hide bottle of Bobbie's medioine
I left in my room."
An hour later sho reoeived this not
altogether soothing message from the
"Too late/ Bobby got there first."
Best Line, Choice of Routes, Thi
Stop-overs allowed at Western Noi
er. pointa. *
' . Low Excursion Rate Tickets on S
return aa folio wa :
-. For full information or World's F
Southern Railway, or
R. W. H
W. E. McOEE, T. P. A., August
Tbe Preacher's Tay.
? Massachusetts town has a preach
er who retained a $3,500 pastorate
rather than accept ono ?t $7,000. This
is probably thc exception that proves
When preacher has two calls to
duty, ono at $3,500 and the other at
$7,000, the read is generally a plain
Why should ho hesitate to accept
the $7,000 position if thc location is a
It is his Christian duty as well as
his material advantage to do 60.
The man with $7,000 a year ie bet
ter equipped for good work in any
walk in life than is the man who gets
Ile can feed and clothe himself and
his family better, secure advatages in
education and refinement, devote him
self to his profession diligently and
not have to scramble a* something
el6c to keep bread and butte: ?iud a
littleham in the house.
Success brings success. Who can
doubt that the lawyer or tho doctor
who is making good money is a more
iuilucntial man in his ptofesaion than
is thc ono who barely gets along?
In any profession you care to con
Hider, money helps to standing and
Thc common comment about preach
cru looking at thc matter of compen
sation rather than to the plain and
unvarnished buniuess of saving souls
is usually by thoughtless or mean
spirited people. t
Part of a preaoher's Christian duty,
as of every other man, is to look out
for the welfare of his wife and chil
dren, as other men do.
He ought to have enough money to
enable him to make a good appearance
and enjoy his friends, and it is per
fectly proper for him to lay up a little
against a rainy day-for preachers,
like other people, grow old and help
less, and to the shame of Christian
people it must be said that a worn-out
preacher oommands little more
thoughtful consideration in this
heartless world than does akioked-out
A shabby preacher is one of the
worst obstructions in the path of hu
man progress. He is a drawback on
The man who has to go into an
abject struggle to make a plain living
is not thc magnet to draw sinners to
the path of repentance.
The minister shr dd bo a shining
example of the claim that it paya to
subscribe to the Christian system and
There may be occasional exceptions,
but as a general rule tho preacher
ought to go where he can get tho high
est salary, and he is entitled to boldly
present that as a reason for going. If
he doesn't go he is unjust to his fam
ily to whom he ?owes the first duty in
this world, and unjust to himself, for
he oripples himself.
WHAT IS CATARRH ?
Hyomoi Only Guaranteed Cure for this
Common and Disagreeable Disease.
Hyomei cures catarrh by the simple
method of breathing it into the air
passages and lungs. It kills the
germs of oatarrhal poison, heals and
oootb.es the irritated mucous mem
brane and effectually drives this dis
ease from the system.
If you have any of the following
symptoms, oatarrhal germs are at
work somewhere in the mucous mem
brane of the throat, bronchial tubes
or tissues of the lungs. ?
o?onclvc breath ? stoppage of the nose at
dryness of the noss bight
pain serosa ths eyes a?bing of the body
pain in t>xrir cf need droppings in the throat
pals? in front of bead mouth open while
tendency lo take cold sleeping
burning pain In throat tickling back of the
hawking to clear throat pal te
pain in tho ohest formation of crus to In
a cough the nose
1 od orr of flesh in the morning
variable appetite loss of strength
low spirited at Mises epasas of coughing
raising of frothy mu- cough short and hack
co us ingT
expectorating yellow cough worse nights and
difficulty tn breathing loss in vital force
frequent sneezing a feeling of tightness
huskiness of voice across the upper part
discharge from the nose of the chest
Hyomei will destroy activity of all
eatarrhal germs in the respiratory or
gans, and in a few weeks the enre will
This is a strong statement, but
Evans Pharmacy emphasizes it by
agreeing to refand your money if Hyo
mei does not care. _
ir St. Louis,
rough Pullman Sleepers and Dining j
rth Carolina Summer Resorts and o th
a?e from Anderson to St. Louis and
.- 3a IO
...'.?. 24 65
'air Literature, apply to any Agent
UNT, D. P. A., Charleston, Sf C.
FURMAN UNIVERSITY, Sffi&, ^
Courses leading to the degrees of Bachelor of Arts (B. A.) and Master of Arti"
Library Reading I?r>??i. Laboratories. Lurge and Comfortable Dormitories,
Expenses reduced to a Minimum.
Next session beginB Sept. 14. For rooms apply to Prof. H. T. Cook. For Cala
logue or information address Tho Secretary of the Faculty.
Cement, Lathes, BMBSBSSSMBBS?
Brick'^?r8i INVESTIGATE wh?n in
Sash, Blinds, i , c , - . -
Mantels, I need of ^ kln* of~
"TS?SSat- BUILDING MATERIAL.
Har?0U'G^SB' See me. If I don't sell you
EVERYTHING nl make the other fel1T"
?8S THE BUILDER.I SELL YOU RIGHT.
"W". Hi- BRISSEY,
ANDERSON, S. C.
REAL ESTATE FOR SALE.
We offer for sale the following desirable property, situ
ated in this and surrounding Counties. Nearly all of these?
places have good improvements on them. For full particu
ulars as to terms, location, &c, call at my office.
50 acres, two miles from city, un
House sud Lot, G acres, near city
limits, very desirable.
1 acre, with new dwelling, in city
Iii acres, near city limits, cleared,
200 acres in Fork township, on Tug
aloo River, two dwellings.
400 acres in Oaklawn township, in
Greenville Co., half in cultivation,
5 tenant dwellings, 50 acres of this
ia in bottom land.
700 acres in Hopewell township, on
Six and Twenty Creek, 300 acres in
cultivation, 2 good residences, 6 ten
ant dwellings, 40 acres in bottom land
91 acres in Garvin township, on
Three-and-Twenty Creek, good dwell
ing, barn, &o.
200 acre9 in Center township, Coo
nee County, 100 cleared, balance well
timbered, well watered, good mill site
with ample water power.
133 acres, in Pendleton township,
Berry place, Varennes, 87$ aorea.
437 acrcB, Pendleton township, tenn
ant houses and dwelling.
145 acres, Evergreen place, Savaa
150 acrcB in Savannah township^
well timbered, no improvements!
600 aorea in Hopewell township.
130 acres in Broadway township^
230 aorea in Fork township, on Sen
eca River, good dwellings, &c.
800 acres in Anderson County, on
96 acres in Lowndesville township
84 aerea in Corner township.
75 acres in Ooonee County.
75 acres in Piokens County.
152 acres in Rock Mills township*
on Seneca River, 2 dwellings.
700 acres in Fork township.
56 acree in Macon Co., N. C.,'2^
miles above Walhalla, on road tc
All the above are d?sirable Lands, and parties wanting good homes, .aV
low prices, can eeleotfrom ile abovo and call for further particulars. Now
ia the time to secure your homes for another year.
JOS. J. FBETWELL,
ANDRFJ?ON, S. O.
H ? S
F ? td
This Establishment lias been Solling
IN ANDERSON for more than forty years. Daring all that time competitor ir
have come and gone, but we have remained right hero. We have always sold
Cheaper than any others; and during thooo long years we have not had one dis
satisfied oustomer. Mistakes will sometime? occur, and if ai any time we
found tuai s customer was dissatisfied we did not rest until we had made him
satisfied. This policy , rigidly adhered to, has made us friends, true and last
ing, and we can say with pride, but without boasting, that we have the confr
dence of the people of this section. We have a larger Stook of Goods thie?
season than we have ever had, aud we pledge you our word that we have never
sold Furniture at aa close a margin of profit aa we are doing now. This IF
proven by the fact that we are Belling Furniture not only all over Andersoo
County but in every Town in the Piedmont section. Come and see us. Your
parents saved money by buying from us, and you and your children can eave
money by buying fc^re leo. Wc carry EVERYTHING in the Furniture line,.
C. F. TOLLY & SON, Depot Street
The Old ^Reliable.Furniture Dealer?
THOUSANDS SAY THAT
Is the best' published at any price. Yet it,
ie only IO cents a copy, $1.00 a year;.
In every number of McClure's there are articles of intense interest cc>
subjects of the greatest national importance.
Bix good short stories, humorous stories, stories of life and action-tat?" t
In 1904 McClure's will be more interesting, important and entertaining -
than ever. "Eveiy year better than the last or ii would nut be McClure's. '
THE 8. S. McCLURE COMPANY,
623 Lexington Building, New York, N. Y.
NOW IS THE TIME
For Overhauling Carriages
and Buggies so aa to have
them ready for sei vice in
pretty weather. We have a
tine lot of material and plen
ty good, reliable help, and
will do [our best to fplease
with'repairs on all vehicles.
PAUL E. STEPHENS,"?
PAW M E R 8?XY|
th? most MjjrtjgQ -Iv In the wo rica.
CITY L0TSJ0R SALL
SITUATED on and near North Main
Street. Five minutes' walk Conrt House
Apply to J. F. Ciinkscales, Intelligenoer<
Notice to Creditors. -
ALL persons bavin? demanda again* j'
the Ea tat? of D. 8. Maxwell, deceased,
are hereby notified to present them,
properly proven, to the undersigned
within the time prescribed by law, nntS
those Indebted to make payment.
MRS. KATE B. MAXWELL, Ex's.
June 22, 1904 1 3.