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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, September 28, 1904, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026965/1904-09-28/ed-1/seq-2/

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W AR S'l
* Vhy J aps Can J^i^ht
and Invalids
William K. Curtis in the
KXyoto, July 10, Ji?04.-There are
'sy.i.ny good reasons to account for the
mperiority of thc Japanese sol
Jicr, as developed in Manchuria, and
'.t would have been very strange had
'ie not shown thc character, courage,
mdurancc and determination that
"lave distinguished him in this war.
?lilitary experts who have bsd an
'jMportuuity of observation and experi
ence in the held say that he is the best
moldier in the world. He had very
little chance to show wha* he was
iood for in the war of 18i*5wkh China,
because be met with so little rc-ii.-tt
ince, but among the allied forces that
roiarched to the relief of i'eking in
: OOO the Japanese detachment, by
/?their unanimous verdict, marched the
.'?stest, fought thc best, showed the
highest degree of efficiency aud the
:^iost perfect discipline. By common
. .ionfiont they were given the iirst place,
.wnd thus far in the war with Russia
'they have justified the expectations
'Df their admirei s.
Tvlore than any other nation is the
umj a part of the pooplo of Japan,
: ?nd the peoplo a part of thc army. It
tis truly an army of citizens, because,
.when he reaches the age of twenty
r/ears, every able-bodied young man
'becomes a practical soldier, and has
'Aree years of actual and nine years
.of semi-actual service before him. In
other nations armies aro enlisted and
(paid. In Japan there are no enlist
ments, everybody must serve except
invalids, employees of tho Govern
ment and a few other persons, and you
never heard of a Japanese immigrating
to avoid service, Students in col
leges and academies recognized by
?the Government are exempt while
'they are pursuing their studies, hui
? the moment they graduate or leave
- college for any other reason they aro
subject to military service. Nor is
there any reward for this service cx
. jept patriotism.
The pay of the ordinary enlisted
enan in the Japanese army amounts
'to 45 cents a month. Tho sergeant
'?jiajor of a regiment, tho highestonon
oommisnioned officer, gets $7 a month,
..i'^r arr the officers paid any better.
.A suV-lieutenant receives shout $110
-a year-nc*- quite $10 a month in
American gold; a second lieutenant
?re?oives $105 a year, and a full gen
eral receives $2,970, which is about
'the samo as a captain of cavalry In
'the United States army. Between
Hhe two the pay is graded according to
rank. Of course, money goes a great
doil farther in Japan than in Ameri
ca, or that has been the caso until re
.ccntly, but it is rapidly becoming
?quite as expensive to live hero as in
Kurope. An army officer, however,
/must live very simple, according to
?he regulations, and many-perhaps
'?mo?*, of them-manage to get along
upon their pay without other moans
?of support.
Tho Japanese soldier lives a very
strenuous life during the three years
.ofservice as a conscript. He rises at
o o'clock in the morning and is kept
'busy until 6 o'olook at night, when ho
ils required to be in his little bunk.
Ho not only has muoh drill and pa
rado work, but spends several hours a
'lay in gymnastics, rifle practice, fen
cing, bayonet fighting and wrestling.
Rle also spoils four hours a day at
.his books, because the Japanese have
MA theory that the cultivation of the
mind will, add to the efficiency of a
moldier as well as the development of
?the muscles. Therefore, when the
"oouscript finishes his three years of
"training, he is not only an almost per
fect fighting machine, but ho is an in
intelligent, eduoated patriot.
.And, beyond all that, and even
more important, is the material of
which tbe army is made. We boast
.?that the efficiency of our volunteer
forces is due to their intelligence and
' individuality, and the feeling of re
sponsibility that governs every man
who carries a musket. That ia true,
even to a greater degree, in Japan.
Th is war is an individual matter with
'?vory soldier. Every boy in the
? ./auks -knows what ho is fighting for
r ardd ffeels a personal responsibility,
to He is not in <*Mc army as a profession,
i aoroby'-.ehoioc, ?or the pay, but be
. * ?cause* n i s M'? twp eco r requires his ser
- -vices, and he takes hiB patriotism on
- Vjne field of battle as well as his brains
.. and musel?. Each private feels that
. 'Che reeuit jof thc struggle with Russia
. depara up"ou%vR personal oonduot.
Viever waa an army eduoated by snob
/a/biaji sense bf duty and patriotism.
Of he falls upon the field of battle it
\ia the highest privilege of a oStisen to
?die for bia cou-jtry, and his religion
beaches him thai eternal happiness
.?and honor will be his reward.
Absolute indifference to death has
\beee. witnessed upon every battlefield.
'The death liat ?n the Japanese side
(has been appalling. The ofl?oial re
ctor t of the storming of Nan shan, for
OR? HS.
-All Except "Women,
are Soldiers.
Chicago Record-Herald,
example, gives the Japanese loss at
3,500. Those are eloquent figures.
Regiment after regiment charged the
Russian fortifications at double quick,
in the face of terrific cannonading, to
the very muzzles of the quick-firing
Russian rifles. When thc front rank
went down the second leaped over the
dead ami wounded, and then the
third, and thus regiment followed
regiment without the slightest hesita
tion, until the tronohes were finally
reached and the guns were taken.
This was not a reckle&s disregard of
danger. It was not an exhibition of
contempt of life, but it was a cool aud
deliberate performance of what tho
.Japanese so.diera consider their duiy,
and their courage is based upon a solid
foundation of moral and mental train
ing and is a charactcristio that has
been developed under patriotic in
Uuences. Wherever volunteers have
been called for duty of extreme peril
every man present has offered himself
and commanders no longer ask for
volunteers. It is useless. They de
liberately make details.
The continuous victories of Japan
are thus explained, and the reasons
can be appreciated more fully by those
who are acquainted with tho personnel
of the Russian army, whioh is com
posed of ignorant peasants, not 5 per
oent of whom aro able to read or write
or know what they are fighting for.
They aro faithful, loyal and obedient,
but have no individuality. Hundreds
of years of oppression have extin
guished it. The Russian soldiers are
the sons of tho serfs who were theoret
ically emancipated by Alexander II,
but in most cases aro still as much
slaves as their fathers wore. They
gu into battle at the command of their
officers; they fight as they are ordered
to do, and they retreat when they hear
the word of command-stolid, stupid,
faithful, like an ox or a dog. But
when their officers fail them or they
are frightened or exasperated they aro
entirely beyond control.
A comparison of tho personnel of
tho two armies explains very clearly
the reasons for thc Japanese victories
on the Liao-tung peninsula.
We went into the store of Mama
ruohi hero the other day, tho silk
merohant of Kyoto (he is well known
to every American who has travelled
in Japan,) intending to renew an old
acquaintance, but when I inquired for
the manager I was told that he was in
Manchuria serving as a soldier,
and he is not an exoeption. Through
out the entire army are men of all
ranks and stations fighting side by
Bide, the rich and the poor, the high
and the low, for the army of Japan is
pure democracy.
I read in an American paper the
other day a wild story that 10 per
oent of the soldiers in the Japanese
army are women, whioh is not only
preposterous, but impossible. I have
no doubt that hundreds of thousands
of Japanese women could fight as
well as their husbands and brothers,
for they do their share of the hard
work on the farms and in all forms of
labor, and everything that has been
said about their strength and endur
ance is true. The other day at Nikko
wo met an old lady who had walked
seventeen milos from a farm in the
mountains to see a religious proces
sion in town. She started from homo
at 5 o'clcoh in the morning. She
arrivod at Nikko between 9 and 10,
stood around the streets for the next
two or three hours watobing the pa
rade, and then, after dinner, took a
little stroll of seven miles out to a
waterfall whioh, she said, she had
always been anxious to seo. We hap
pened to be going to the same place,
and she joined our party, except that
we were in rikishas and she was on
foot, and she finished the journey
withont the slightest evidence of
fatigue. She told us, however, that
she did not intend to go home that
evening, beoause her son was living in
town, employed atone of the hotels,
and she wanted to have a little visit
with him.
That is the kind of women you find
on the farms of Japan, and they share
tho work of the men folks in the
fields, the forests and the stables, bnt
they db not serve in the army, and,
as I have already said, it would be
impossible for them to do so, became
Japanese soldiers are not enlisted and
do not volunteer, bnt are called ont.
On the 1st of Deoemoer oaoh winter
every young man who has become
twenty years of age during the pre*
vious year, reports st the headquar
ters of tht commander of the military
district in which he lives, sud if he
passes the physioal examination is
enrolled for three years of constant
i servioe. Hs must bs five feet tall
and in full possession of all his facul
ties, mental and physical.
The increase of population gives
enough fresh men for active servioe
every yeai i<> keoj?thc standing urmy
; at a maximum <.! )."><?, OOO. A s fast as
their three yearn expire they rc tur o to
their hollies, hut are required to give
from thirty to sixty days' unlit ry
service annually for tlie next four
years in what is ? ailed the first re
serve, arid they are subject to instant
orders fur active duty. At the end
of the fourth year they ar<5 transferred
to what is called the second reserve,
in which their names are enrolled for
four years more, without active duty,
except in case of war or aouie other
emergency. Thus for twelve years
every able bodied citizen of Japao be
tween the ages o? twenty and twen-.y
three is enrolled in a mighty army
and always available for military duty
when the Emperor needs him. After
passing out of the 2d reserve all men
between the ages of thirty-three and
forty five are enrolled in what is call
ed thc national army, being subject to
call in case of an invasion or if their
services should otherwiss be needed.
Thus the emperor has commaud of a
million men, as follows :
Conscripts with the colors,
three years.150.00C
First reserve, fourth to seventh
year inclusive.150,00(
Seoond reserve, eighth to
twelfth year inclusive.150,00(
The national army, between 33
and 45 years.550,00(
Total.1,000,00(
The regular army, or the men witt
the colors, as the Japanese term ii
translated, is composed of three divis
ions of 50,000 men "each, called thi
east, west and northern armies aooord
ing to their location, and they an
always on duty in camp or in barracks
Kach army is composed of three divis
ions, averaging 15,000 men eaoh, an<
each divisiou is composed of five bri
gades o? 3,000 men each. In addilioi
to the regular organizations there ari
detached regiments . of guards am
special organizations, corps of ecgi
neors, scouts and ordnance corps, sig
nal men, hospital stewards, musicians
commissaries and quartermasters, sap
pers and miners and non comb?tante
Tho Imperial Guards, for example
number about 10,000 picked men froi
all three armies, and in time of peac
are usually on duty at Tokyo. The
probably make as efficient a militar
force as was ever organized. The
wear a distinctive uniform and ai
commanded by a prince of the in
perial house.
When the war with Russia was di
dared the men with the colors wei
sent to Manchuria as rapidly as tl
facilities for transportation would pe
mit, and the 1st and 2d armies hat
been doing the biggest part of tl
fighting thus far. The 3d army is i
Corea and in the fortresses along tl
west coast of Japan. As fast as eat
regiment or brigade vacated their ba
raoks the 1st reserve moved in, an
resumed the drill and training th
wera suspended at the termination i
their three yeara of original servio
and already several brigadas of the 1
reservo have been sent to the fron
When more men are needed, when i
the 1st reserve are in active servie
the 2d reserve will be oalled out, ai
many of the men enrolled are airea?
making preparations for suoh i
event, arranging their business affaii
and providing for their families i
that nothing will Buffer from th?
absenoe.
Throughout all Japan the family
an absent soldier is an objeot of pu
lie oare and solicitude. In the cou
try districts the farmers pledge thei
selves to cultivate the fields of tho
who go to.tho war and look after th<
families and the pledges are oonsoie
iiouBly oarried out without pay. It
considered the highest duty of the oi
zen to serve the Government. Afl
a battle, when thc news comes thai
soldier has been killed, the mayor
the town or the head man of tho v
l?ge communicates the sad fact to t
family of the deoeased and tond<
them a contribution from the to1
treasury io pay their necessary <
pensos. The neighbors and ott
townspeople and farmers from &
region around then begin to drop i
with words of sympathy and cone
lenco, and before he leaves eaoh plat
his little offering in the hands of t
priest who ia there to reoeive it.
may be only a few pennies and it m
be a large sum. The amount is <
j tirely voluntary and depends upon I
means of the giver and the oirou
stanooB of the family. The priest 1
contributed, and then he quie
hands them to the proper represen
I tivo cf the family. It is usua
j enough to buy a home, or a little far
or set them up in business.
The imperial Government pays
pensions, but the Secretary of ?
always sands a contribution in mor
to the family of every soldier who
killed ia battle or dies in active a
vico, usually $75 to $100, and ia I
ease of aa offioev, or whenever the <
ceased has distinguished himself
aw extraordinary manner, the giff
made in the name of the Kcaperor i
is accompanied by a personal messt
from bim?
- It's a fanny thing, but tha ai
age mother alwaya plana to marry !
daughter to. a penniless preacher
? millionaire.
\ Son's Irl Im to lt? a Veteran Fattier, j
That ' !oufcderate reunion brought
rare Bweet experience to mc. Thc
rnarcli i og of the old gray vc'.eraos on
liroad street scot a thrill through
the blood that had never been felt be
fore.
The reuoion brought a special joy
that was eveu sweeter than the sight
of old veterans marching to the music
of ''Dixie." Among that great throng
of grand men was one who to me was
preeminent. A modest old man he
was, with bent form and furrowed face
and gray hair, now nearly eighty years
old; but with loyal heart and uncon
quered spirit, still loving his com
rades and the cause for which they
fought with yearning tenderness-my
own father.
How glad and proud I was to have
him with .ne; to walk beside him and
feel thc pressure of his arm; to Bee
him meet and greet the boys and note
tho flash of eye and glow of face as
old friendships were renewed and old
memories recalled.
And then at evening, on the veran
da of our home, to have him sit with
us as the honored guest and hear him
tell of the old days that tried men's
souls, was a privilege and a delight that
cannot be put into words.
When bedtime oame I whispered to
my wife that I wanted to sleep with
him, as I used to do in childhood
days. With a woman's quick percep
tion, she understood this desire, and
slipped away to prepare the room and
fix the bed, so everything would be
fresh and sweet for this guest who
comes to u& so rarely, but who is so
deeply loved. Au** after we wero in
bed she came again, softly and quiet
ly to make sure we were snug and
comfortable, and to kiss us good
night !
After the stir and excitement of the
day the old veteran slept well. In
the far hours of the nighf E awoke
and found his arm about me, as it
uacd po be when I snuggled to him in
the loto g past baby days. I could hear
his deep breathing and I knew he
was sound asleep. I think he must
have dreamed about his boy and
placed his arm unconsciously about
me.
Memory got busy then, and I re
called the first time I had ever seen
my father to remember him. It was
one night, in sixty-three or four, after
the little family was all in bad, that
old Hover gave ac unusual bark, and
my mother's quick ear caught a famil
iar foot-fall on the walk; and she was
up like a flash. I remember how I
was suddenly awakened, with the glad
exclamation, "Children, your fath
er's* come!" And I was caupht up
out of bed by a tall, rugged man,
dressed in a gray uniform, and wear
ing a oap, who hugged me until I was
almost breathless, and called me his
baby! Ho? grand he looked tn my
ohildish eyes that night, and how I
olung to him in wonder and delight!
Thia was the father who had baen to
the war, of whom my mother daily
talked and sung, and for whom she
nightly prayed, and who was to come
back some day to make us glad!
All this, and more, oame rushing
back to me last Thursday night, as I
lay there in bed, with that same dear
father's uru> about me in loving em
brace; and there came to me a bap
tism of saored joy not of often vou
chasea to men in middle life. I re
membered the couplet :
"liaokward, turn backward
' ?li, Time, in your llight,
Anti make int- ;i buy ngaiu,
Just for one night."
And to me thc prayer of the poet
was fully realized, I was just a child
again, resting happily against my fath
er's bosom!
No wonder the tears came in that
silent hour, and tue heart beat fast
and the blood leaped and thrilled in
my veins! It was to me a happy time
that bathed and refreshed the soul,
and brought grateful thanksgiving
that in the years of matute manhood
I could still have him with me and
could stili feel the pressure of his dear
old arms about me, and realize that
the thrill and glow of childish lovo
had been strengthened and sanctified
and made more sure by the passing
years.
Do you wonder, then, that this re
union has made me glad?-W. J. Neel
in Home (Qa.) Tribune.
The Rea! Thing.
Among the old miners of Kisklyou
County a man can get worse whiskey
at Sawyer's bar than in any other
place on earth. This is the belief of
the gold diggers of that section, and
that faith is accepted as orthodox.
Regularly every Christmas Billy
X., foreman of the Oro Fino mine,
takes his day off down at Sawyer's.
Once the superintendent asked him
why he always selected that place for
his vaoation.
"I want to have one yearly drunk,"
said Billy, ((and I want to know just
when I am drunk, so that I may enjoy
the sensation.
"Well, can't you enjoy the sensa
tion in any other portion of the county
or state or continent?" asked the
superintendent.
"No. When I'm drinking Sawyer's
whiskey and it begins to taste good,
then I know I'm drunk."-San Fran
cisco Gall.
WHAT IS CATARRH ?
Hyomei Only Guaranteed C.ure for this
Common and Disagreeable Disease.
Hyomei cures catarrh by the simple
method of breathing it into the air
passages and lungs. It kills the
germs of catarrh al poison, heals and
soothes the irritated mucous mein
Drano and effectually drives this dis
ease from the system.
If you have any of the following
symptoms, oatarrhal germs are at
work somewhere in the mucous mem
brane of the throat, bronchial tubes
or tissues of the lungs.
otTenalvo breath a toprage of the nose at
dryness of the DOM night
pain across the eyes aching of the body
pain In bach of bead droppings In the throat
iain in front of head mouth open while
tendency to take cold sleepier
burning pain In throat tickling back of the
hawkiog to clear throat pai te
pain in the cheat formation of crusts in
o cough the nose
stitch in side dryness ot the throat
losing of flesh in the morning
variable appetite loss of strength
low spirited at times apasa s of coughing
raising of frothy mu- cough short and back
00 us lng;
expectorating yellow cough Worse nights and
matter mornings
d.fficulty In breathing loss in vital force
frequent sneezing a feeling of tightness
huskiness of voice across th? upper part
??char0-o from the nose of the chest
Hyomei will destroy activity of all
oatarrhal germs in the respiratory or
gans, and in a few weeks the eure will
be complete.
This is a strong statement, bnt
Evans Pharmacy emphasizes it by
agreeing to refund your money if Hyo
mei does not oure.
( - A floating debt is a poor thing to
keep a man's head above water.
The Kind Ton Have Always Bought, and which has been,
in use for over 30 years, lias borne the Signatare of
and uas been made under his pe&v
T^V-^2" sonni supervision since Its infancy*
'??C?C+:.C'?? Allow ?o one to deceive yon in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and ? Just-as-good*'are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health ot*
Infants and Children-Experience against Experiment?
What is CASTORIA
?astoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare?
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. 16
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor otter Narcotic*
.substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
ana allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and. Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates tho
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy au?! natural sleep*
The Children's Panacea-The mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Beare th? Signature of
The Kind You Have Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
TH tl CENTAUR COMPANY. TT MURRAY ?TM ET. M CW TORR O ITT.
Car Load
Studebaker Wagons just arrived.
Car of Kentucky, Old Hickory and Tennessee Wi^snsHo
arrive.
Also, three cars of Buggies, Carriages, Surreys and pleas?
ure Vehicles generally
Call and see us.
FRET WELL - HANKS CO.
?
I
ONE CAR OF HOG FEED.
Bi
I
Have just received one Car Load of HOG FEED
(Shorts) at veiy close prices. Cime before they are
all gene. Now is the time for throwing
Around your premises to prevent a case of fever or
some other disease, that will cost you very much more
than the price of a barrel of Lime (8100.) We have
a fresh shipment in stock, and will be glad to send you
some. If yon contemplate building a barn or any
other building, see ns before buying your
CEMENT and LUHE,
As we sell the very best qualities dr.ly.
O.?Ofc ANDERSON.
BUGGY,
WAGON and
HARNESS
TALK.
We have a complete line of the
latest styles of Buggies, Surreys,
Runabouts, in fact everything in the
Buggy and Hara ess line.
Pi ices and terms right.
Gar Milburn Wagons
Just received. Don't fail to look
at our stock before buying.
I also sell the celebrated high
grade guaranteed Wheeler & Wil
een SEWING MACHINES on
u?uol terms.
J. S* FOWLER.
xggtttog^ A. C. STRICKLAND, ;
m^^^^^^^^^Sk Office Over FaramaBdMei^?rts *
f?? ^^^V^STJRI HKY SPECIAL attention given to tho higher ii
[?MJ?H?l',1 wKSMfejfin f^fSZ 3?] olaaaes of Dental work. Crowns, Bridgea ti
VKB??V^?IH :SkB~ a" m?? expiates mado. Gold Pill- tl
ISEK^P W^^?^M^^ Oxygen Gas and. Local Anaesthetics n,
T^FA1B^^^^^^?1WI1 Rivanior tho Painloea Extraction of teeth. ,
VW^PI^^^^^ftffiB^ rgflfr Bleeding and diseased gums treated. 'a
^?5ffitoQ??CBK^^ff?^ . ^ A" c*11? to fte country and near- 0r
^S'lKffl'Kl b? Towns for tho Painless Extraction of
^^^IpBB^gP^ t Teeth promptly attended to by a compe- tl
A man thinks it is xhw tho matter of life b'
;:. insuranco snggeata itself- but circamstaa- . >7
oes of late hav* shown how life hangs by s ...o hi
thread when war? flood, hurricane and fir* - V v ; V ' loi
' . cai? of esla*titj overtaking you k to in?
surein a sohd Company like- ^vvr. ,
% lUe Mntiii?B?neflt ^ CW ? V : *?
Drop m and see ns about it ,
8TATB AGEff?.
t Peoples? Bank Building, ANDSR3?N, 0V?
IHinBBHrBR^RHHB^R^HlR^H
MOTTS PFNNYRflYAL PILLS -
fflte?. 1 aUllll I BlU I j*lt? I iLsUlJ omissions, increase vijr
ij^L ---- or and banish "pains
MK? of menstruation." They are " LiLPE SAVERS " to girls at
?WfMw womanhood, aiding development ot organe and body. No
jgjssuaWjgStev known remedy for women equals them. Cannot do harm-lifo
! 1 becoraea a pleasure. PER BOX BY MAIL* Sold
^SSSBW ?y druggists. DR. MOTT'S CHEMICAL CO.. Clevel?nd. ? bJo.
Fv? B?L? B? ?V?MS rMijtitflL?iir. .
D. S. VANDIVER. E. P. VANDIVER.
VANDIVER BROS.,
General Merchants.
COME TO SEE US!
On anything in onr line and we will make PRICES SPECIALLY INTER-j
ESTING. Sjfe have a limited amount of
Sound, Cheap Flour for Hog Feed,
At 83.50 $>er barrel.
Yours for Trade,
VANDIVER BROS.
D. 8. VAN DIV KR. J. J. MAJOR. E. P. VANDIVER.
VANDIVER BROS, & MAJOR,
- DBALRBS OT -
BUGGIES, WAGONS HARNESS.
'rn
. We have.a splendid lin? of BUGGIES and - HARNfi3$ cheap, and
want to sell yon,
We have som? good WAGONS cheap.
|A FEW FINE HAY FAKES,
At 8pecial Price.
isaT COME TO SEE US.
Yours truly,
VANDIVER BROa & MA JOM ?

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