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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, October 05, 1904, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026965/1904-10-05/ed-1/seq-2/

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WAR SrI
The ISTi^ht A.tto<
C. M. Calhoun, ic
"My attention has just been called
. to an articlo in the April number of
Thc Veteran, headed "How Kilpat
rick Lobt H?B Pistols and Holsters."
This article was written by one of
Wheeler's men, and for barefaced in
lecuraey of the facts is certainly ahead
of anything I have ever read. Truly
it is another case of "Betsy and the
s tear.
The scene and circumstance record
?etl by the writer was the surprise ami
charge of Gen. Kilpatrick's camp near
fayetteville, N. C., by Con. Hamp
ton on the morning of March li, 1805.
i will first quote a passage from his
?article: *!An important incident of
?the war has never been published. It
ils a matter of history that Gen. Wheel
er surprised the cr? nip of Cen. Kil
patrick near I*'s y Hov 'lc, N. C. Gen.
Wheeler divided hi- forces and sur
.rouuded his camp du>ng the night.
< ?ne of Wheeler's di-, isious failed to
. come up in time, being unable to cross
x swamp, when Allen's division
. charged and took possession of the
i ?anip," mirabile dictu. The reader
.-will perceive that this writer does not
.sven mention Gens. Hampton and
Butler, but gives all praise to Gen.
Wheeler, who was not in it, but ou
-Another road. Now, before giving my
version of the battle (moro than once
'Corroborated by Gen. Butler himself
'in all essential particulars), I will
- f/dote from Gen. Kilpatrick's report,
?whose war book now lies before me.
-In many things it is correct, only he
'.Tas so scared and demoralized that he
greatly magnified our forces, seeing
thousands charging noon him when in
.reality there were not many hundred.
Says Kilpatrick in his official re
in ort:
"During the early part of tho even
ring I left Gen. Atkins and joined Col.
Spencer with my staff, and actually
rode through one of Gen. Hampton's
?divisions of cavalry, which by ll p.
Ul. had flanked Gen. Atkins and was
then encamped within three miles of
\J ol. Spencer. My escort was captur
ed and I mado my escape with my
-staff. Gen. Hampton had marched all
day, resting his men three miles from
'Col. Jordan at 2 o'clock a. m., and
j u.st before daylight charged my posi
tion with three divisions of cavalry,
Hume's, Allen's and Butler's. Hamp
ton led Butler's division, who in less
.than a minute had driven my men
?IInek, taking possession of my head
quarters, capturing my aides, and my
'?whole command was flying before the
wost formidable cavalry charge ever
.witnessed. On foot, I suooeeded in
coaching the command a few hundred
..?yards in the rear. These were finally
.driven baok some 500 yards agninnt an
impenetrable swamp to friend or foo.
'-Thc enemy, eager for plunder, failed
'.to ?follow us up. We rallied and re
book our cavalry camp."
This statement bears muoh truth on
uta face, only soldiers of Hampton and
Sutler know nothing of Hume and
JAJlon's division io the oharge. Kil
patrick bad not met us before and did
?not know our oommands, but did know
Wheeler. Now, I will give my ver
sion of this fight, and right here will
state as an undisputed faot, that But
ter's division, composed of Butler's
?rigade (he being promoted) and Gen.
V. M. B. Young's of Georgia, did the
charging unaided by any other force
whatever, and no Other troop* but
??hese were on the ground.
Kilpatrick, was marching on the
Sheels of Gen. Hardee and had pioked
up many hundreds of his men. But
ler's and Young's brigade of seven
Teg~rorcnts, and they greatly reduoed
ia numbers, were dogging his foot
.?-ite/ps for 24 or 3li hours. The Sixth
'-.S.*G.of Butler's brigade, in which I
te .ind enc honor of serving as a private,
was leading the oolumn. Late in the
. evening of March 10, 18?5, in A oold,
? drizzling rain, the column waa halted
*?ora*&;>?l time at the forks of a road,
.'where sVo-5? a house. I saw Gen.
'ilam'p'ion iu conversation with its
'i wner. While ?landing there, Gen.
T W>?'iC.?/?r's command filed on by, tak
ing the eight band fork and ours thc
V ioft. sVbsut 0 o'clock, possibly, we
came upou?Xilpatrick's deserted camp,
aires still-burning. Not a great dis
tance from bore the command came to
- -a halt, when a company of Yankee
soldiers .under .guard passed on down
i ?hev?&? .to ?be Tear. Bight here I
'nev*!!) state "how'they were captured.
Gen. Butler, his aids and a email
rtjawrftwere riding a little ahead of our
oolumn. They spied a party ap
proaching them* These were halted
-and their officer replied: "Some Ohio
droops returning to pioket the road."
/Gen. Butler ordered them to advanoe,
-o ponina his ranks at tho same time to
viet them pass through, when the whole
batch were captured without the firing
?of.a gun. It was then deoided to sur
prise his camp and preparations were I
made with that end in view j
? .Not far from here the command was
ORIES.
sk an Kilpatrick.
t Columbia State.
halted, to rest the mea aud horses,
all dismountiog, some sitting dowe,
some lying on the ground holding to
the bridle reins of their respective
horses. Our scouts were then order
ed to enter the enemy's camp and lo
cate Ccu. Kilpatrick's headquarters
and pick up any stragglers who might
be prowling around ana might give the
alarm. Just before daylight, orders
were extended on down the line io
subdued tones: ' Mouut, move for
ward, no smoking or striking of a
match." Very sosn Kilpatrick's
camp was seen not far in our front.
Getting up aa close as wo could with
out giving any alarm, Cen. Hampton
formed Butler's brigade on the south,
lu taking positiou in front and lead
ing same into action; while Cen.
Butler's formed, Young's brigade on
the west, forming with ours a right
angle, he leading it in person. Before
the charge was made, Gen. Butler
placed 30 paces io his front those
scouts who had entered the camp thc
night before, with orders that on the
command, "Charge," they were to
make for Kilpatrick'* headquarters
and capture him.
When the charge was made on the
sleeping enemy, Butler's brigade, led
by Cen. Hampton, struck the prison
side of the camp, when we were met
by several hundred of our imprisoned
boys who had broke loose from their
guards on hearing the first notes of
thu rebel yell. Bight here occurred
thc saddest thing of the whole war.
Our boys were unprepared for such
demonstration of joy on the part of
their imprisoned comrades, two of
whom in joyful ecstacy, threw their
arms around thc necks of two cavalry
men's horsed, while they, mistaking
them for thc enemy, shot them down.
Cen. Butler's scouts soon readied
Kilpatrick's headquarters, capturing
his aides, horses, etc., but the wily
chieftain made his escape by throw
ing thc boys ctr his track. Being very
thinly clad, lie was hailed and asked,
"Where is Kilpatrick." "There he
goes," said Kilpatrick, "on that
horse," thereby saving his own sweet
person. One of his men, a prisoner,
told me after running a uuort wav, he
made one of his men give him his horse
with nothing on him but the halter
rein.
Kilpatrick gives a tolerable good
version of this fight. It being so
tempting to starved soldiers, after
vanquishing the enemy, if not re
strained, they would necessarily sat
isfy their hunger in so rich a camp.
Had not the boys boen allowed to stay
in so long, all would have been well,
for up to this time our loss was tri
fling. Kilpatrick, seeing or judging
the o.' .Qtion, rallied most of his men,
who, with reinforcements, returned to
the conflict, taking us somewhat at a
disadvantage, hut nothing like a stam
pede, as with him. All of our prison
ers were gotten out and he was kept
in oheok.
This movement, however, was suc
cessful in many particulars. Kilpat
rick was thrown back, allowing our
command to follow in the wake of
Hardee's retreating oolumn, thereby
preventing his weak, footsore and
worn out men from oapture, besides
the several hundred prisoners re
leased and those captured and those
killed and wounded. But in the re
\_. _ J_1 "_? "_J_
uuuuu no iuai> wau/ guuu LU Oil V? HU
had passed through many battles un
scathed.
Now as to the olaitn of this Wheeler
man. Why, they, or any part of
them, were not io or near the camp
when the charge was made and Gen.
Wheeler would not acknowledge to so
false a claim. It is well known, ex
cept possibly by this self-oonstituted
writer of untruthful history, that Gen.
Hampton, on ott? return from Virginia
to Columbia, was made lieutenant
general of cavalry, thereby ranking
Gen. Wheeler, who was subservient to
his orders, and such orders were :
"OD the opening of our guns cha. ge
the enemy's camp from your side."
He failed to ?respond, giving as his
excuse at the time that ho could not
cross a cortaiu swamp wi..eh lay be
tween him and the camp attacked.
There wero many amusing as well as
lamentable things happening in the
camp. We had many hand-to-hand
encounters with pistol and sabre, and
an old time fight between a Yankee
and* a little Jew by the name of Da
vids, belonging to Capt. Humphry's
company. Davids got one Coger bit
off and Salley killed th J Yankee. It
is, however, a lamentable fact that if
the enemy had not had. so mary nice
? things to eat and stayed whipped, our
i laurels would have been greater and
? there would have been many more of
i our boys to answer to the last roll oall
on April 25, 1865.
-nt mn -
- A girl has to have very red hair
to b?lteve it is any more th n blond.
Timi'! Uce?me ll rave.
''The physical expression of fear is
thc best test of bravery,'' r-aid an old
army tuan the other day, when thc
discussion among a group of rueu in a
hotel lobby turned to war.
"I have spent the greater part of my
life in the army aud I have watched
tho way volunteers act wheo they first
get on the firing line and become tar- j
gets for the enemy's rifles. I remem
ber in the Philippines there was a
company recruited from the National
Guard in one of the cities not far
from Kansas City. The men were
all above the average in intelligence,
and they were what is called the
'crack' military organization of their
?.own. Most of * the men had been
clerks and students, aud they had no
time to become seasoned when they
were ordered to the front. The cap
tain was as tine a looking fellow as 1
ever laid my eyes on, and every one
thought he would make an ideal sol
dier, He had his company well drill
ed and was very popular. One day
this company was ordeied ioto a march
of some miles against a detachment of
the enemy known to be in hiding along
a road. The men were nervous, I
could see that from where I was riding
along.
"They were afraid, anyone couid see
that, but there was no lagging. All
at once I saw the captain drop to the
ground. There was little to that, as
it was very hot and prostrations from
thc heat were mimer JUS. But, when
we picked him up and ordered him to
the rear he wouldn't go. He was as
white as a sheet and trembled so vio
lently that most of the men about
thought him deathly Bick. But I
knew that this man was scared. He
had dropped from sheer fright. He
ignored tho requests that he retire
and staggered along with his lips
tightly compressed and the perspira
tion running down his white face in
streams.
It's a pretty far cry from '?he ribbon
counter to the firing line in a foreign
country, where there are no girls to
look on, to a patoh of wild jungle un
der a blistering sun. I wouldn't have
been surprised, nor would 1 have
blamed those young fellows if they
had dropped their guns and fled.
"But they didn't. They were so
acared that their eyes were set in their
heads, and as soldiers they were not
worth a continental. As they stood
at their posts there was the crack of >\
rifle not 50 yards away, and one of the
young heroes fell with a little cry.
Then the shots came faster, until
there was a single volley that tore
down that scared line of boya until
several were squirming in the duet.
The order came to oharge. What do
you think that line of volunteers did?
"They ran, but they ran towards
the enemy. In an instant all their
fear was gone. It had given plaoe to
that wild exultation that comes only
in the delirium of alaughter. There
waa co more fear. Everyone of those
boya waa transformed into a maniac
for revenge. They dashed into the
enemy and fought like dovilo. The
captain, who had fainted from fear
only a few minutes before, couldn't
be stopped. A bullet hit him over
one eye and the blood streamed down
his face, but he seemed only annoyed
that it interfered with his seeing the
forms of the enemy.
"The fight was a short one, and in
a little while the insurgents were fly
ing through tbs WOOUB. The order
oame for our boya to halt and rally
and then withdraw. But the boya of
the 'crack' regiment didn't hear the
order. They wouldn't have paid any
attention to it if they had heard it.
On theywent through the brush with
their brains on fire.
"'Halt!' shouted the colonel.
"There was no answer from tbs
boys.
" 'For heaven's sake, somebody
stop them,' cried the colonel.
"I put the spurs into my horse and
went after the runaways. I oaught
up with the eaptain at last.
" 'Halt!' I ahouted.
" 'Halt?' yelled the oaptain. "What
in hell do you want us to halt for?
We've got 'em Hoked.' "-Kansas City
Journal.
_-mt m m* . ??
Student Bride.
A romantic incident in whioh a new
Converse college student played apart
has developed, and concerning whioh
the following faots were gathered to
! day: Misa Sue Law of Augusta, Ga.,
I was married secretly to Mr. Lawrence
Leab in that city eeveral days ago.
She was brought to Spartanburg by
her guardian on Wednesday and en
tered as a new student at Converse
college The authorities of that in
stitution quickly surmised from some
telegrams that she had been married
prior to ooming to this eity, it being
a ou3tom as a precautionary mea? uro
that all telegrama to students ooma
through the head of the oollege. Her
guardian, whose name is withheld,
wa* Wired, and he eame to-rihe city
promptly, and both the young lady
.nd the telegrama were turned,over to
him by the college officials. The
I guardian took the young bride baok to
Augusta,Ga., today.-Columbia State.
- Many a girl oatohea a husband by
baiting her hook with indifference.
"IMxle" asa National Air.
Fletcher of Saltouu Haid lie kuew a
very wise man that .?aid if ho were
j permitted to make all the ballad*, he
need not care who should make the
laws of a nation. Dan Emmet-fra
grant be his memory?-might be among
that blossed company. Ile wrote, it
is said, literally, hundreds of ballads;
but he wrote-"Dixie!" No long
time ago he was here with a negro
minstrel company, riding alone, as be
came him, in a carriage ic the proces
sion, a venerable figure with his white
hairs. Hi? grave is in Mount Vernon,
Ohio, the place of his birth and death.
There is a movement to build a monu
ment to his memory there in the pub
lic square. However fine, it cannot
be too fine in its fitness. It ought to
be built by the pennies of the people
from all over this land, designed by
the first American architect and in
scribed "To the Author of 'Dixie.' "
No other song has ever touched the
hearts of all the people of this land
as "Dixie" touches them. During
the war "John Brown's Body" swept
the heartstrings of the North and
their "brave boys in blue." But the
war Las passed and the song is pass
ing, is already much of a memory.
But "Dixie" is more vibrant with life
to day than it was when it cheered the
lean and hungry legions that were bat
tling for the "Lost Cause." It has
not ouly survived the war, but since
then it has conquered the conquerors !
and echoes in the hearts of those that
loved the blue as in the hearts of
those that loved the gray. There was
a local illustration in a recent concert
here by the Scottish Highland band.
When it played tho "Star-Spangled
Banner" there was an ovation. But
when it played "Dixie" there was a
furore. Where there had been oheers
and applause there were yells and
smiles and pounding of tables.
It is a ouriou. thing. Manifestly
ii is not in recollection of the quality
that endeared "Dixie" to the Southern
soldier and made it the war song of
the Confederacy, for it is loved in
peace as much as it was in war, if not
more so, and by those that won as by
those that lost. It has the magic of
the "Marseillaise" in it. But it is |
without clarion call that excites the
red blood of strife. It is gay, sweet,
serene, indefatigable. It calls like
the shrill of the bagpipe with the mu
sic of the golden horn. It soothes
and strengthens while it rouses, giv
ing a body of memory to the spirit of
exultation. It may not be great mu
si?, but it has the quality of all that
counts in this world-survival-and
it ig one of those ballads of a nation
that the very wise man reckoned as
more powerful than laws.
As if prophetic of its place to-day,
it was written before the war, and by
a Northern mau, one (born in 1815)
who, when a boy of 17, enlisted in the
regular army and served throughout
the term of his enlistment as a fifer.
Ho wrote "Dixie" in 1859 while a
member of Dan Bryant's minstrels,
playing in New York, and by thom it
was first sung. It was first called "I
Wish I Was in Dixie Land," after
ward "Dixie Land," now "Dixie,"
and so it oomes on with the genera
tions. Mount Vernon does well to
contemplate a monument to Daniel
Decatur Emmet. This happy land
does well to build it. "Dixie" com
forted and inspired the sons of those
that wore the blue and of those that
wore the gray when they fought side
by side in Cuba. It has been heard '
in thc Philippines and in China.
Where thc armies of the republic must
go ' Dixie' will be heard, aDd, better
still, it is heard in the homes of thc
republic, north, south, east, west.
Indianapolis (Ind) News.
- - m --
Cotton Melter Must Sing.
"The champion negro cotton picker
of Texas who can pull a bale of cot
ton from the lolls in two days must
be a good singer," said a man who
spent his early life on the farm, "else
he oould not piole that much cotton in
so abort 4 time. A report from the
Waxahachie district says his best day's
work this year was 844 pounds.
That's pretty good cotton picking. I
dare say he sung a few lines whilo he
was reaching for this record. No ne
gro can pick cotton without singing.
Whenever you see a negro pulling
his sack up aDd down cotton rows in
silence, you can bet he-is not doing
much picking. Ile may get out of
the field with 175,* or maybe 200
pounds, but he will not set the world
on fire as a picker of the staple.
"Sieging is a part of the game, and
when you find a negro who begins to
sing and hollow as soon aB he bends
over the row you may know thereby
that you have a good hand. The ne
gro as a rule works by music. In no
other line of activity is the fact so
noticeable as in the cotton patoh.
Here is where the neg. o munt Bing if
he would meet with any satisfactory
measure of success. It is no loud,
discordant howling, either. It is
music, thc like of whioh you can not
hear at any other place, or under any
other circumstances, a low, soft hum,
delicately intoned, rythmic, mellow,
soothing, and all the wbile the negro's
body swiDgs to and fro over the cotton
row as he pulls with hin nimble fingers
the long white looks from the boll.
"I have known a great many ootton
planters who wouid not hire a negro
ootton pioker unless he was satisfied
that the negro sang aa he worked. It
io a ourious thing that piokers of this
type have more time for the humorous
bantering and jawing, so common
among this class, than the men who
work in silence.
"The singing negro doeB not work
as hard, as a matter of fact, as the
silent negro. It is because be works
more rapidly. The song he sings
seems to make the machinery run more
smoothly, and so he accomplishes
more in the end than the quiet fellow,
and has some time for the foolish
talk of the cotton patoh besides."
A Democrat This Year.
The other night when the Democrat
ic vice presidential candidate, Hon.
Henry G. Davis, appeared in the lob
by of the Shoreham, he almost ran in
to a stylishly dressed and very beau
tiful young lady, who immediately
gave him the heartiest kind of an em
brace, whioh the ex-senator returned
with interest. J
The young lady was Misa Kathe* {
rise Elkins, and it was npon her
grandfather that she showered her af
fection, inasmuch SB abe had not seen
him for a good many weeks, on ac
count of her absence in Europe. No
body WSB dose enough at the time to
hear what it was abe whiapered to her
! grandparent's ear, but from the happy
1 smile that overspread his /ace it must
have been aomethiDS akin to what her
mother, Mrs. Elkins, is aaia to have i
written from abroad-"I am a Demo
crat this year."--Washington Post.
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Car of Kentucky. Old Hickory and Tennessee Wagons?to
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ONE CAR OF HOG FEED.
Have just received'one Car Load of HOG FEED
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m BUGGY,
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Peoples* Balik BuildlEg, ANDERSON, 0 3.

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