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HOW TO GET MC
This seems to bo the day of the
farmer, and he is disposed to realce
the most of it; he is keeping posted
in a general way, and on cotton in
An Observer man had a talk, yes
terday with one of the leading cotton
growers of the State, and got from
him a splendid idea, and some inter
esting faets. This man has proven
himself thoroughly praetical by his
success; he is nothing of a dreamer.
He has over 500 acres in cotton this
yea?, and his crop will be twenty per
oent less than it was last year.
In anster to the question : "What
do you think of the cotton situa
"The cotton crop now being har
vested can be made the most valu
able crop ever gathered, if the far
mers will act in concert and on simi
lar lines, in every State, county and
"There is now no question of the
crop being a moderate, if not a very
small ono, compared to what waa ex
pected two, yes one month ago. Tho
whole spinning world is depleted of
cotton; must have cotton, no matter
what the cost. The present orop can
be made to average at least 12 eta. if
not 15 ats. per pound tc the grower,
if the growers will gin and sell cau
tiously. If only half the cotton pick
ed each week is placed on the market
and the other half held back, either
stored in bonded warehouse, wheo
money moat be obtained, or stored on
the farms either ginned and baled or
io the seed, there would bono glut
ting the market for October, Novem
ber, December, which is the very con
dition the speculators want, iu order
that they may be able to buy what
will be in aotive demand the world
over, at mueh higher prices after Jan
"What is true of ootton is also true
of ootton seed. The oil mills are en
tering the orushicg season with oot
ton seed oil IO cfs. per gallon lower
than last year or for the last five years,
and consequently the milla cannot
pay by $5.00 par ton as much as they
paid all through the. last season for
"We have almost identically the
same condition jo all crops affecting
cotton'oil aa existed for the season
1892-1893 When cotton oil went to 65
ots. per gallon in February, 1893. We
have a very short crop of wheat this
year, aa compared with the crop for
severa! yeera past. There io no old
wheat to be had at any price, and the
present price for wheat is 35 per cent
higher than last year.
"The present corn erop prospects
are for a crop smaller than in tea
years, with perhaps one exception,
and if as short as new predicted, eora
will go to 75 ots. and perhaps higher,
par bushel. A short crop and high
prices for hogs, and with hogs high,
lard will ba high, and high priced lard
aeass high priced cotton oil, then
why not high pricea for cotton seed
paid to the fermera?
The crop of linseed now being har
vested in the Northwest, is only about
one-half to three-fifths the erop har
vested last year, and the result ia, lin
seed is forty per cent., the oil about
30 per cent., linseed cake and meal 35
to 40 per cent, higher. -
"But thc United States is not the
only country with., shcrt crops. . All
of the European countries without a
single exception, have the poorest
crops of grain, feed and fodder, they
have had for years. Russia, the
greatest grower and competitor of the
United States for the trade of Europe,
for wheat, ia fully employed trying to
i ?hip ita very small, and as she sup
posed, insignificant antagoniat-Ja
pan; S?d the result is she will have
no wheat to export, and if the war
should continue for several years, as
it ia very likely to do, Russia will
soon be importing wheat and all kinda
of provisions. ?
"The olive oil crop of all countries
bordering on the Mediterranean Sea it
?reported on best authority to be only
[one-half to two-thirds a foll crop, and
?this shortage araoaniB io more: gal
liona of oil than the total cotton oil
pop. The condition of every crop in
??very country, should warrana cotton
oil worth fully double its present
price; warrant the milla in paying at
st fifty per qsnt* higher prices t
i?. But the mills cannot pay
foreeedunless the pri?e of oilcan be
Ivanced A? avalu? all things justify.
Ml mills will hot pay more fdr seed
nan they are obliged to pay, and as
ong.as farmers aro selling seed at $12
$14 per ton, mills will not pay $20
$22, the price seed should bc selling
"The growers of ootton and cotton
sed can and should control the mar
by holding back both coUon^iw
:ed till they can. sec ore a prico that
conditions warrant. Unless they
IST FOR COTTON.
3 to Growers.
do, they will find they have parted
with three-Tour thu of their crop before
the advaooe comes, and the cotton
and seed speculator will reap the
benefit that belongs to the producer.
Hold your ootton and hold your cot
ton seed till the advance is here with
you. It will come much sooner if
you bold, for as long as you are part
ing with your crop freely, the specu
lator will hold down prioes.
"Tho present orop, if only about
10,000,000 bales, osa be nude to pay
the producers $700,000,000 to $725,
000,000 total, or from $625,000,000 to
$650,000,000 for the lint, and from
$60,000,000 to $75,000,000 for 3,000,
000 tons of seed sold, retaining 2,000,
000 tons of seed for feeding cattle and
for planting next year's orop;
1 "All that is needed is concerted ao
j tion and backbone to force the mar
kets to respond to conditions never
co favorable to be controlled or ad
justed for the grower's interest. It
is all ready for your action, and con
certed aotion will control the crop
movement and prioes for cotton and
seed, and give the producer the bene
fit heretofore always received by the
A Good scheme.
Reginald Vanderbilt, admirably
dressed, sat in his box at the Fhiia- j
flelphia horse show, says the Pitts
"He is no fool," an elderly Phila
delphian said of the young man.
! "Had he not been born rich he would
have made a great suooess in life. I'll
tell you of an incident that exempli
fies the readiness and alertness of his
j mind. j
"He was traveling one day from
New York to Boston. The weather
waB warm, and now and then he
would pu/, his head out of ihe win
dow to see the landscape better.
Thus, all of a sudden, his hat blew o2:
"Quick aa a flash young Vanderbilt
reached for bia hat box and pitohed it
out of the window after his hat. A
I shout of laughter arose,
j " 'What on earth did you do that
! for?' everybody said. 'Yon don't ex
pect your hat box to bring your hat
baok, do you?'
I " 4I do,' replied the young man.
I 'There's no name in the hat, bat my
fall name and address,cte on the
box. They'll be found together and
both will be forwarded to me prompt
mm m -?
An Intolerable suspicion.
The caretaker of a secondary sohool
tendered his resignation to the com
mittee, and remarked, tt the coarse
of his' letter, that the suspicion upon
him was unbearable. v
He was called before the managers
for an explanation.
?.?.Well, gents." ?? said, "I am hon
est, and I won't stand being suspect
ed. If I find anything about the
school when I am sweeping, I always
return it. Every now and again the
teacher, or some one that is too
cowardly to face me, gives me a slur.
"Why, a little while ago I read on
the blackboard: 'Find th? least oom
I mon multiple/ Well, I looked all
I over the sohool for that; and I
! shouldn't know %he thing ix ? met it
I in the street. \
I "Last night, in big writin* on the
blackboard, it said; 'Find the greatest
common divisor.', 4Well,' I says to
myself, 'both of them- things are lost
now, and I'll be accused of stealing
'em, so I'll quit.' "-Answers.
Kot Very Interests jr.
"Dootor/* s?id the san ?Lo Deem
ed to be oberi?fhing a case of asthma,
"yon have doubtless read and heard
of eases where a perfectly'well man
has developed a disease simply be*
oause somebody made him believe he
"Dosent of them," was the reply.
"Then you must know that imagi
nation plays a great part in dis
. "Of coarse I do."
"Did yon eyer know of the imagina
tion being appealed to to develop small
pox, for inatance?"
. j'I didi :L once made a .perfectly
healthy and sound man believe that
.he bad stoallpbs, arid he had as pretty
a sase of it as ono ever All came
rfrom fits ?maj^?ation? sir."
"It mast have been an interesting
"Not so Very. I attended him for
sis weeks, and then it was his turn."
"How do you mean?"
"Why he made me imagine he had
paid me a forty-five-dollar doctor bill,
and I have never been able to get
cont oUt of bim since."
- Comp?tition is the life of fr?e
An Old Project lie*ired.
Gue great and overmastering de- J
sire of mankind is to know which is
apparently unknowable. What io i
plain to the human senses is not look- |
ed on as worth considering. The
things that ere apparently hidden are
those whioh inoite men to greatest
effort and bring into play all their hid
It always has and perhaps always
will be so. Oar first parents were not
content with what had been made
plain to them and must needs try to
peer into hidden things. They made
a bad j jb of it. Centuries ago, in
their comparatively rude vessels, and
with their limited knowledge of navi
gation, the old Argonauts and ex
plorers ?ailed all the waters of the
then known world to satisfy their curi
osity, their avarice or their desire for
It was the atme pris ci pl" of explor
ativecess, to coin a word, which sent
Columbus in his small and ill-pro
vided caravels aoross unknown seas to
tho discovery of an unknown world.
It is the same spirit whioh for genera
tions has Bent men to suffering and
death in search of the poles, those
mystical centres of earth where there
is no motion, f/ad where foot of man
has neve- left, footprint, as scientists
hold. Ana it is this principle of un
rest, this desire to find out things,
that has led men from time immemo
rial to try to imitate '.he birds of the
air and to soar beyond earth's limited
Just npw '?here is a revival of the
idea of exploring towards tho centre
of the earth. It is not a new project.
It is . s?u?me which has been fre
quently discussed, but never carried
out. Just now new interest has been
aroused by the proposition made by
Mr. Charles Algernon Pearsons be
fore the British Association for the
advancement of Science, that a sum
of $25,000,000 shall be appropriated
and set apart for the purpose of bor
ing a hole 12 miles deep towards the
centre of the earth, and great things
are anticipated if the work is done.
The geologists and scientists of all
kinds hold diverse opinions about the
inside of this terrestrial ball of ours.
Some think that the earth, as we
know it, is merely a crust enveloping
a mass of liquid fire, hotter than any
thing of which wo have any concep
tion. Others think of it as being
solid, but all generally agree that
there is vast heat contained in the
interior. It is known that the tem
perature inoreases as we go down, and
from this it is argued that ata certain
depth there is a temperature whioh no
substanoe of whioh we have any knowl
edge can withstand.
All this is arguing from the known
to the unknown ? hut at least a partial
solution of tho mystery is hoped for
if the proposed hole is made. Of
course a hole 12 miles deep would be
but a pin-hole, comparatively, for a
little calculation will show that is
would require about 333 times that
depth to reaoh the centro of the
earth. Neverthleas, one does not
have to reaoh the oontre cf a melon to
tell what it is like, and a hole 12
miles deep might reveal many things
and solve many problems. It might
even penetrate that liquid fire and
cause ac inconvenient eruption, but
Bcicnco would take ohances on that
and risk the boiling over.
Of one thing there is little doubt,
and that is the addition that would be
made to our stock pf knowledge about
the composition of the earth's in*
terior. The geologists, the mineral
ogists and other soholars and scien
tists would learn much that is now
only suspected, and would possibly
Isars ?i?ny thing? that no one has.
even dreamed bf. It might reveal
materials, mineral and. otherwise, of
whioh people have not even dreamed^
and bring to light mysteries tran
scending anything the inhabitants of
earth have yet seen. There is one
draw back, however, so far as most of
usare concerned, and that is the cal
culation of an expert that it would re
quire at least 80 years to dig the hole.
That is discouraging to those now
living, but future generations would
But there is still another point to
be considered in connection with this
contemplated project. There has
long been-a belief among some astrono
mers that both the earth and the sun
are gradually losing their heat, the
former as a result of the latter. In
short* ?uvy olaim io be abie to demon
strate that< the heat .of the ?an is
gradually hut surely and regularly
diminishing, and that the time i? cer
tainly coming when the great light
and heat dispenser will become as
cold and dead as the moon now is.
Then, as we will have no outward
source of light, darkness Will encom
pass the earth and with darkness, will
como deprivation of heat and a de
gree of cold of which we have little
conception. "? - . .
When that time come? what will
humanity do for heat and light? All
the coal and wood will have been used,
so that we can have no fuel. We
might produce both by electricity,
but if there is no heat from .the. sun
the streams will all freeze so that water
power will not be available to gen
erate electricity. In that case both
icc and darkness will be man's fate.
Then, we are assured by enthusiastic
and optimistic scientists, we may find
relief from the bowels of the earth.
That is to say, if the internal regions
are as hot as they are thought to be
we need only go down deep enough to
tap these reservoirs and thus procure
all the heat we want, and light to go
with it. This will be an expensive
process, but perhaps by that time
some easier method of boring deep
holes will be devised, so inst our de*
scendants a few thousand generations
henee, may not sit in darkness or be
congested with cold.
By all means let ?.he great bore pro
ceeds _ _
The Cost of Cotton.
Farmers and cotton experts do not
know what the cost of producing cot
ton is. The quality of the land, the
seasons and thc cost of labor are the
important factors in the problem. A
farmer might make cotton one year at
a cost of 5 cents a pound and the next
year it would cost 7 cents. To get at
the real cost the rent of land should
be counted in with other expenses.
Very little ootton is made on that
plan. The ordinary farmer takes no
account of rent and the labor of him
self and children. The way to get at
the cost of producing a pound of cot
I ton is to count the cost of everything.
Take 60 acres as a two-horse farm.
One hand would have to be hired the
year around. A second hand would
be necessary five months. The ac
count would stand this way :
Rent of 60 aores at $3.$180
1 hand 12 months. 150
1 hand 5 months. 60
Hoeiog 60 acres. 90
120 bushels planting seed.... 30
Fertilizer $3 an acre. 180
Use and feel of 2 mules.... 175
Use of implements. 25
Picking 48,000 pounds. 192
Ginning 32 bales. 48
The yield in this case is estimated
at 800 pounds to the vere. The. cost
will be ? cents a pound. If the yield
should go above 800 pounds then the
cost per pound would be less. Count
ing the seed at $15 a ton and the cot
ton at IQ cents the net gain would be
$720, or $12 an aore. If the land
should make only 500 pounds seed cot
ton to the aore the cost would be a
fraction over 10 cents and ten tons of
seed would be the only net profit.
- "Don't be to hard on the boy.
You must remember that he hasn't
reached the age of reason." "I know
that. He's reached the age of ex
Numerously Signed Counter Petitions.
Walhalla, Sept. 24.-AB the day set
for the execution of Hoyt L. Hayes
approaches interest in this mysterious
case increases. For nearly 18 months
it has been before the public and from
time to time it has been on the lips of
almost every man, woman and child in
The mere tact that a petition signed
by more than DOO citizens asking for
executive clemency and a counter pe
tition signed by more than 500 citizens
aeking that the sentence of the court
be carried out shows that the senti
ment of tbe people is divided upon this
case. Many on either side hold de
cided views. Yet through it all Hoyt
Hayes has remained almost silent, save
protesting his innocence.
After being confined in jail for near
ly a year under a tremendous strain,
he seems in a most healthful condi
In a few days it will be decided
whether he wilt spend the remainder
of hi? life in tho penitentiary or on
Oct. K pay the death penalty for tho
death of his young wife in May, 1003.
Records as to Drtnl.s,
Columbia, Sept. '20. -There is consid
erable interest ia the receut order by
the State boaru of dispensary directors
regarding the use of request books by
purchasers of whiskey. At a meeting
of the board a few weeks ugo the reso
lution calling attention to the law on
the subject was passed and all dispen
saries were directed to observe the law
to the letter.
These request books are lilied out
aud Hied with the county authorities
and when the resolutiou was lirst pass
ed the law was obeyed. Lately, how
ever, there has been a let-down in the
matter, and a member of tho board
said to-day that at the next meeting
the board would at once consider thu
matter and inform the dispensers that
the law must be obeyed.
In some of the towns the resolution
is being strictly carried out, but some
of the dispensers are forgetting the
law, and the member stated that this
would not be permitted.
Detecting a Thief.
A gentleman living in the West In
dies had a large sugar plantation with
a great number of native laborers em
ployed on it. He found that he was
often robbed, and at length, after los
ing a considerable sum, he called his
"My friends/' said he, "I have had
a wonderful dream in tho night. I
dreamed that the person who stole
my money should have at this in
stant a feather on the tip of his
The thief on hearing this immedi
ately put his hand to his nose to see
if the feather was there.
"It is you," cried the master, "who
The simple negro confessed the
theft, and the master recovered his
- It is astonishing how much time
some people have to spare for the
[ supervision of other people's business,
and how well they do it-in their
FOR FALL PLANTING !
GET THE HABIT!
To Look for Bargains
THE B0ST0N SH0E STORE
Ladies' Three-Strap Sandals at. 60o
Misses' Two-Strap Sandals, Patent Vamp. 75c
Childrens Two-Strap Sahdals, Patent Vamp. 50c
Gentlemen's Kangaroo Patent Oxfords....91.25 L
Ladies' High Grade Four Strap Sandals. 1.25 f
Seiden Calf, Men's or Ladies, Oxfords. 1.25
Seiden Calf Oxfords are made from the best stock of Calf
Skin, Solid Inner Soles and Co un tere, and give splendid satisfac
-GET THE HABIT" \o lock for SHOES or OXFORDS
in the Boston Shoe Store. We can fit tender feet, and our prices
TRY US. Trying means buying. Buying satisfaction.
Next to the Farmers and Merchants Bank.
IMIO"VIE!X) I -
WE have moved our Shop and office below Peoples' Bank, in front o?
Mr. J. J. Fretwell's Stables. We respectfully ask all our friends that need
any Bocfing done, or any kind of Repair work, Engine Stack/,, Evaporators,
er any kind of Tin or Gravel Roofing to call on np. as we are prepared todo
it promptly and in best ma oner. Soliciting your patronage, we are,
Respectfully, BURRISS & DI WER
FURMAN UNIVERSITY . Edwin McNeil'Poteat, Pre?',.
Courses leading to the degrees of Bachelor of Arts (ll. A.) md Master of Arto?
Library Heading Room. Laboratories. Large and Comfortable I>ormito:ie? .
Expenses reduced to a Minimum.
Next session begins Sept. 14. For rooms apply to Prof. H. T. ''ook. Por Cats
logue or information addre*? The Secretary of the Faculty.
Turned and Scroll Work,
Devoe's Faint, Lead,
Oil, Turpentine, 9
Hard Oil, Glass,
INVESTIGATE when iii
need of any kind of
See me. If I don't sell yoi?.
I'll make the other fellow
SELL YOU RIGHT.
ANDERSON, S. C.
REAL ESTATE FOR SALE.
We offer for salo the following desirable property, situ
ated in this and surrounding Counties. Nearly all of these;
places have good improvements on them. For full partiera
ulars as to terms, location, &c, call at my office.
50 acres, two miles from city, un
House and Lot, G acres, near city
limits, very desirable.
1 acre, with new dwelling, in city
Ill acres, near city limits, cleared,
200 acres in Fork township, on Tug
aloo River, two dwellings.
400 acres in Oaklawn township, in
Greenville Co., half in cultivation,
5 ic&aoi dwellings, 50 acres of this
is in bottom land.
700 acres in Hopewell township, on
Six and Twenty Crook, 300 acres in
cultivation, 2 good residonecs, 6 ten
ant dwellings, 40 acres in bottom land.
91 acres in Garvin township, on
Three-and-Twenty Creek, good dwell
ing, barn, &o.
200 acres in Center township, Coo
nee County, 100 oleared, balanoo well
timberod, well watered, good mill site
with ample water power.
133 acres, in Pendleton township,
Berry place, Varennes, 87* acres.
437 acres, Pmdleton township, t?t
ant houses and dwelling.
145 acres, Evergreen place, Sava?
150 acres in Savannah townships
well timbered, no improvements.
GOO acres in Hopewell township.
130 acres in Broadway township*
230 sores in Fork township, on Sen
eca River, good dwellings, &c.
800 acres in Anderson County, ?aa
06 aores in Low mle s ville township -
84 acres in Corner township.
75 aores in Oconee County.
75 aores in Pickens County.
152 acres in Rook Mills townshij*
on Seneca River, 2 dwellings.
700 acres in Fork township.
5G acres in Maoon Co., N. C.,'21^
miloo above vValhalla, on road to
1G2 acres Broadway Township, on Rocky River. Good improvements,,
two tenant settle), int;), pastures, &c. 40 acres bottom, 40 acres woodland,.
80 acres in cultivation.
All the above are desirable Lands, and parties wanting good homes,-ab
low prices, can1 saleo tir?n tlc above and call for further particulars. Now
is the time to secure year homes for another year.
JOS. J. FBETWELL,
ANDERSON, S. C.
Ofct BifiSl cu Ben
Thfe Establishment has been Selling
IN ANDERSON for more than forty years. Daring all that time competitor
have come and gone, 'but we have^ remained right hera We have always sold
Cheaper than any others, and during those long years we have not had one dis
satisfied customer. Mistakes rr:!! sometimes occur, and if at any time wm
found that a oustomer was dissatisfied we did not rest until we had made bino
satisfied. This policy, rigidly adhered to, has made us friends, true and last
ing, and we oan say with pride, but without boasting, that we have the oon&
denoe of the people of this seotion. Wo have a larger Stook of Goods this
season than we have ever had, and we pledge you our word that we have neve?
sold Furniture at as olose a margin of profit as we are doing now. This ip
proven by tho faot that we are selling Furniture not only all over Anderson
County but in every Town in the Piedmont seotion. Come and see us. Your
parents saved money by baying from us, and you and your ohildren oan save
money by buying hore leo. We carry EVERYTHING in the Furniture line,,
C. F. TOLLY & SON, Depot Street.
The Old.Keliable.Furniture Dealer?
THOUSANDS SAY THAT
Is the best published at any price. Yet it
is only IO cents a. copy, $i.00 a year.
In every number of McClure's there are articles of intense interest cr. ?
subjects of the greatest national importance.
Six good short stories, humorous stories, stories of life and action-ant? '
- In 1904 McClure's wi)] be more interesting, important and entertaining^
thau ever. "Every year better than the last or it would not be McClure's.*"
THE 8. 8. McCLURE COMPANY*
_ 623 Lexington Building, New York, N. Y*
NOW IS THE TIME
For Overhauling Carriages
and Buggies so as to have
them ready for sei vice in
pretty weather. Wo have a
tine lot of material and plen
ty good, 'reliable help, and
will do four best to fplease
with repairs on all vehicles.
PAUL E. STEPHENS S
B A M IM ER g?Tvg
the moat h-ling -Iv In the world.
CITY LOTS FOR SALE.
SITUATED on and near North Malty
Gtroet. Five minutes* walk Court Houses.
Apply to J. F. Clinksoales, Intelligencer
* Notice to Creditors.
ALL persons having demanda agaiup.?.
tho Estate of I>. 8. Maxwell, ilwvtwxi ..
are hereby notified to present them,
properly proven, to the undersigned
within the time prescribed by law, ami
those indebted to make pavment.
MRS. KATE B. MAXWELL, Ex'x.
Jone 22,1904 1 3