Newspaper Page Text
b.e Different X^eiisioi
in Force in So
New York K
V."tellington, Hopi. .:'.<).-it lias j
-"Citied1 strange to many observers here j
that t-o little study has been giv< n to ]
the pension system of thc southern !
Hate.*, in view of the wide attention
ivhi .'li federal pension practices have !
attained. Certainly tho national go\
norcot could learn some lessons from
thc systems of the south, for each
.tate there has a scheme of its own.
io thc main, thc southern pension
.ystem :nay bc described as much
?iaij 1er than that of thc federal K<?V
irnurent, not only in the sense that
'.he rates are lower, hut that there is
.'ess cradation, less administration, !
\>im red tape. Sometimes a lump sum
Is divided evenly among available;
?jenetoners; this saves all haggling j
jver degrees of disability. There is,
uoreover, a straightforwardness as to
the grounds of eligibility, leaving lit
?tie room for controversy. A person
*wiic lei not poor can get no pension;
..Indigence and disabilitp must go to
gether. A place in the soldiers' hornes
is provided in lieu of a pension, and
:t,hese>aro often established at privato
"aprense, or maintained by personal
contributions. In short, southern
^pensions bear evidence of being a
"jauch heavier burden-and for good
'reasons-than that which the whole
.country bears for tho soldiers of thc
Every State that seceded now has a
:07en*jon system of its own. Maryland
?.od Mississippi, and Kentucky, which
did not formally secede, provide homes
for Confederate veteraos. Tennessee
.Io. recognition of the loyalty of its
eastern counties, provides pensions
nominally available to tho soldiers of
beth armies, but practically so hedged
-About with conditions that only
. southern soldiers oan get them. The
.principal of these conditions is that
the applicant must he drawing a pen
sion nowhere else, and since the fed
eral bounties arc much larger and
more easily obtained, tho peculiar in
dividual who would apply at Nashville
?astead of Washington is very rarely
jiet. The Tennessee soldiers' homo
Tts located on 475 acres of the Hermi
tage, eight miles from Nashville, An
drew Jackson's old place illustrating
-anew tho irony of fate, that the home
of the man who said: "The federal
anion; it must be preserved," is now
occupied by citizens of his own State
"r?ho are recipients of the public bounty
Ia recognition of efforts to break up
?he aforesaid union.
Maryland has a Confederate soldiers'
.home at Pikeville, but she pays no
repensions. The building, formerly a
.government arsenal, was presented to
t&he State and then turned over by
Maryland to a private association
twfaioh now has it in charge. Any
-destitute soldier, or sailor, aoitizen of
Maryland, who served honestly under
?the Confederacy, is eligible to admis
sion. Maryland has a Confederate
??-widows home in St. Paul street, Bal
timore, to whioh mothers of the Con
fed?rate soldiers, as well ns their
?vidowB, are eligible.
'.Thc Confederate veterans* home of
Missouri cost only $60,000, and was
.built and is supported by private sub
.acription. It is a notable fact of
record that certain Grand Army posts
.i? that State helped to raise funds for
?Ita construction, and one Union vet
. eran is said to turn over the pension
.which he regularly received from the
federal government to this Confederate
(home. Such fraternal inoidents show
?(hat in the border State region where
'hostile armies often divided friends
.and neighbors, each Bide promptly
xsatae \&o recognize at the close of the
-_-?t_: A _ _ ? .i . _ i i_i_
X?.! tu? o i ii vt: i 11.jr ui tua utiivi o uuu
tSince there is no uniformity io the
* southern system, depending as they
icon State laws, they must, to be
.understood, be taken up one by one,
aft danst in the most important States.
OeoTgia woady leads in pension dis
bursement, just as Massachusetts does
tcbtate aid and veterans' bounties in
- ?horsort&. W. A. Wright, the comp
troller o; the State, in a recent letter
to .-trh.3 . writw, courteously gives the
X 3o.low.ng .-facts .regarding thc State:
"fFor the .JOST 1903 the State peid
penamos aa\f oliows;
t. To disabled Co&federate
?ftf .indigent Confederate
3-37^?i> "widows of those who
/died in servioe or from dis
racfla /or ?rounds reoeived
? therein.... .... ..182,400
Indigent widows 0: soldiers.99,240
i J . .i .' !
.Aggregate Tor 1903.*.. .$ 857,495
-Aggregate pe niions paid s i nco
\ r4?'VThere are now enrolled in Georgia
mearly 15,000 pensioners. These are
/paid, if indigent soldiers or widows,
jan average of $60 per annum. The
vit sabled are paid according to ch ur ac
[i Systems "Which .A.re
ii thorn States.
[ tor of disability from $5 for losa of one
linger or toe, to $150 per annum for
loss of two limbs, or for total blind
ness. Tins list of disabled pensioners
have been paid annually since 1 S*i7,
and thc payments average about $50
? per an nu m.
"The lists of indigent pensioners
! who do not have to show any disabil
ity resulting from the service, but
fro in diseases and old age, and who
arc very poor and dependent, arc in
creasing. The list of widows who arc
pensioned for loss of husbands by
reason of the service, and also
thc list of disabled soldiers are rapidly
"Georgia, in additiou to payiDg pen
sions to her disabled and indigent
heroes, exempts them from specific
taxes levied upon certain pursuits and
business callings. They can peddle
any kiud of goods, or merchandise free
from license tax. They are authorized
to act as insurance agents; to keep
one pool or billiard table, to run "fly
ing horses" or "merry-go-rounds," or
to keep any tenpin alley, or table
or game (not prohibited by law) with
out license tax. One can be a light
ning-rod agent without tax. They
arc also exempt from poll tax.
"The State maintains a soldiers'
home, established in 1901, wherein
110 decrepit, homeless old mon are
housed, nursed, clothed, and fed. The
State appropriates $15,000 annually to
maintain it. Any Confederate soldier,
with honorable record, who resided in
Goorgia December 19, 1885, and con
tinuously sinoe, and who shows pov
erty and disability whioh prevents
him from earning a living for himself,
can bc admitted to the home regardless
of where ho entered the service. We
have in tho home veteran Confeder
ates who served in commands from
Virginia, North Carolina, South Car
olina, Florida, Tennessee and
This is tho most like the northern
system of any State, both in the va
rieties of its help and io the liberality
of the disbursement. Still the total
of Georgia's payments from the foun
dation of the system is less than the
amount which goes into Indiana every
Door South Carolina has had to con
tent herself with paying for this cause
one-fourth of its total State inoome,
whioh is about the same ratio that
pensions bear to the cost of the fed
eral government. But her pensions
are very small. In 1889 eaoh pen
sioner received on an average 423 40.
In 1803 this had been squeezed down
to 121.73. South Carolina originally
appropriated $50,000 for pensions, but
this inoreased in 1001 to $150,000, and
in 1002 it had gone as high as $200,227.
Even at this sum a South Carolinian
who lost both arms, both legs, or both
eyes in the Confederate service gets
only $8 a mlpntb, whioh is exactly
what any union veteran who] has'
reached 05 years may get on age alone.
He need never have seen the ?battle
line, and he may be rich. This reveals
the wide difference in the 'results of
fighting on the winning and the losing
side, and also between the State and
the nation as a paymaster.
South Carolina publishes a oomplete
list of her pensioners by counties,
with the ages and amount of the pen
sions. This makes a 200-page book.
A similar plan has often been pro
posed for the federal pensioners as a
means of bringing the pressure of pub
lic opinion to bear on undeserving ap
plicants; but those most familiar with
the system discourage the project;
they believe that the effect would be
to encourage pensioners to seek the
largest sum whioh they found any of
their neighbors of seemingly the same
degree of disability getting. More
over, few persons are able to judge in
telligently of their neighbor's real
weakness, and to make public the
amount of his good fortuno would
arouse jealousy and envy. Moreover, j
it would be a largo expense to print a
book of 1,000,000 names; with 333 to
a page it would fill 3000 pages, or six
good-sized volumes. South Carolina's
lesson ia this particular will probably
not be taken.
South Carolina provides io addition,
artificial limbs and eyes for soldi.to
and sailors who lost their own in the
Civil war. Virginia reoently made
the same offer, while Louisiana pro- '
vides crutohes besides for those who
need them. South Carolina has also
made the business of peddling medi
cine a Confederate veteran's monop
oly, by levying a tax of $100 a year
upon all other persons who attempt to
follow the calling.
Mississippi in 1902 and 1903 appro
priated $200,000 annually for pensions
to indigent Confederate soldiers, their
widows, servants and tailors. There
are 7,333 on the rolls. It is expeoted
that the next legislature will material
ly inoroase tho spprcpri/Uion. The first
j in aile for thia purpose was in Viii, j
That year it gave them ?21,000, tlurj i
being ?-illy I.OOO veterana to apply,
lt ha- growu annually until it has
roached the present amount. This
roll includes, as in South Caroliua, a
few negroes. In 11)02 these pensions
in Mississippi, paid on a pro rata basis
dividing a gross sum, became HO small
that most of the veterans got little
over T2 a month. A home 1ms been
established at Beauvoir on the gulf
coast, the old home of Jefferson Devis,
which has been reproduced at St.
Louis. About 20 veterans have al
ready been admitted. The home was
purchased and equipped and in being
maintained by the Sons and Daughters
of the Confederate v?t?ran;?. Thc sous
raised the purchase money, $10,000,
and the daughters the money for the
equipment and maintenance, about
$5,000. Confederate soldiers who are
indigent are exempted from all privi
lege taxes except that of retailing
liquors and running pool and billiard
The constitution of Louisiana au
thorizes an appropriation for pensions.
Fifty thousand dollars was at first ap
propriated, but by ?ct 73 of 1000 this
was amended by granting $75,000 an
nually for pension!!. As a result
Louisiana is carrying on the rel! 2,040
pensioners; 513 are drawing $4.50 per
month; 521 are drawing $3 50 per
month; and 1,015 are drawing
$2.50 per month. Like South
Carolina, this State publishes
the namee of her pensioners, and thus
far they make a puny volume of 48
pages. The conditions are very
severe. The report of the State board
of pension commissioners, which the
Evening Post correspondent reoently
rcocived. opens as follows:
"The board relies upon the non-pan
sioned Confederates throughout the
State for the neoessary information to
purge the pension list of unworthy ma?
terial, if any, and to aid in making
the pension list a roll of honor and a
pride to every veteran of the State."
Considering that the State io now pay
ing in pensions one two-hundretha
part as muoh as goes into Ohio, foi
the present at least its officials ma;
be reasonably assured that there is no
large amount of padding. Federal
pensions to the amount of $330,000 gc
into Louisiana annually to Union vet
eran?, doubtless negroes in maoj
caseo. Louisiana also has an arrange
ment for giving State land in 160-aon
lots to Confederate veterans suffering
from certain speoified wounds.
Arkansas in 1897 established certaii
rates and then appropriated only $35
000 with which to pay them, with lh<
result that each pensioner received ii
the appointment but 64 per cent, o
the allowance of the State pensioi
board. The next year the sum wai
made $55,000, the amount being de
rived from a quarter mill tax for tba
Texas is a large State and a riohe
State. The appropriation for the yea
ending August 31, 1903, was $200,000
For the next two years it will he $250,
In 1895 Arkansas provided tba
blind veterans should receive $75 an
nually. This approximates on
month's payment for the same di rabil
ity under federal law. In 1901 Ai
kansas changed ita annual tax for Con
federate pension fund from one
fourth of a mill to three-fourths of
Floride in the same year provide
that an annual tax of one mill ehoul
be levied for the pension fund.
Mosby* s Long Lost Hat.
Orange N. J., Cor. in New York Sut
After having laid for fifty years i
a northern home, the campaign hi
worn by Col. John S. Mosby, the Coi
federate cavalryman, and lost by hil
when he was shot on December 2]
1864, is about to be returned to il
original owner. For many yoars it hi
been in the possession of Mrs. Davi
C. Halsted, who lives at 275 Centn
Park, west, Manhattan.
Reoently Mrs. Halsted got into ooo
munioation with John Munson, ooo <
Mosby's old troopers, who now liv?
in Park street, Orange. She told hi
that she had a hat which she believe
belonged to the noted guerilla leade
Mr. Munson wrote to his old ohief ar
has just received a reply to the effei
that tho hat in question is undoub
edly tho one be lost when he was eho
Mrs. Halsted had already said si
would return it to Mosby, and tl
latter has authorised Mr. Manson
got it for him. He has sent word
Mrs. Halsted that he will present tl
hat to the military museum at Was
ioftton, where it will be placed wi
his old coat, as a relio.
There is a good story of the w
connected with this hat. When Cc
Mosby was shot, he and a oompanio
Thomee Love, were eating supper
the house of a fermer named Lake,
Fsrquier county, Ya. A party of tl
Thirteenth New York cavalry on
raiding expedition rode peet the f ai
house, and Boeing the horses of t
two outside, stopped to investigate.
Io the sor imm ago which fol lo we
Gol. Mosby waa shot through the:?
domen ead Love waa captured M?
by, despite the pain of hi? wound, h
preseooe of mind enough to tear
the coat, on which was the insigoiu
his rank, an<i throw it under n couchi I
Then hu fell unconscious.
Thc fi doral soldiers strode in and
captured Love. Turning tu the ujen
and women of the family, the federal
ollicer in conrnand inquired who the
wounded soldier was.
"Lieut. Johnsou, sir," replied one
of the family.
"Is he alive?" asked the union offi
One of the troopers looking forward
said the mao wasn't dead, but in the
same breath and reaching for his pis
tol, he remarked that he would be a
dead lieutenant soon.
The officer io charge of the troop in
terposed, and the wounded Confed
erate's life was saved. The troopers
took Mosby's boots, spurs, cloak, hat
and cape and, leaving him on the
floor, rode away with Love.
They left the two horses behind,
and as soon as thc troop was out of
sight, Lake and members of his family
h i tolled up an ox cart and took Mosby
to a hiding place, where he lay help
less for two mouths. Love wu-i looked
up in a union prison and became the
bunkieof Mr. Munson, who had been
captured elsewhere. For a long time
they mourned their leader as dead.
The night after tho sorimmago at
?hefarm house the union soldiers biv
ouacked. While in camp they made a
search of the clothing they had cap
tured and their rage knew DO bounds
when they discovered from the con
tents of the pockets that the clothing
had been worn by no less a personage
than Mosby, the guerilla, on whose
head a prioe was set whioh made it t
great incentive to any mau to capture
"Boots and saddles" were soundec
and tte tricked soldiers stormed dowi
OD the Lake homestead, only to fine
that their quarry had escaped.
In the course of time the articles o!
Mooby'o clothing fell into different
hands. The hat was given to Lieut
Col. Nathaniel Coles, who was in oom
m and of the Thirteenth New Yorl
cavalry. Ho io turo gave it to hi
niece, Mrs. Halsted, in whoae'possea
sion it has been sinoe.
In his letter to Mr. Munson Col
Mosby expresses great happiness ii
getting his hat back. He says h
proposes showing it to Presiden
Roosevelt before he gives it to th
museum. It is a slouch hat of th
type nowadays oalled the "roug
rider," and around it is a piece of gol
Foo?ug The Ex Slaves.
Information was received here ye
terday that the United States Govert;
mest officers have arrested in Spartac
burg a negro named John Dogai
charged with personating a Goveri
meot officer. The negro is now hel
in Spartanburg jail for trial at th
Greenville term of the United State
Court on October 18. It is allege
that Dogan claimed to be a speoii
agent Bent by the Government to gi\
pensiona to ex-slaves. The form?
slaves were to get provisions, lumbe
money or anything else they wantec
if they paid the freight charge;
These freight charges were to be pai
to Dogan in advance, whether tl
object of desire was money or lumbi
or household goods. Five dollars at
ninety-eight oents was collected fro:
one old negro and $1 35 from auothe
all he had. The latter was to pay tl
remainder the next day, when he r
ceived $300. Another negro pa
$2 40 for $400 in money and lumb
with whioh to build a house. Tl
Government authorities took up tl
muter and soon had Dogan io jail,
seems that he had reoently been r
leased from the Atlanta prison, whe
he had served a term for the attemt
ed murder of a watohman in August
and that prior to that time he had ser
ed three years in the State Penite
tiary in Colombia for housebreaks
- One of the best ways not to ai
oeed in life is to spend your til
reading artioles on how to succeed
- A woman oan have a good til
thinking what a good time she WOE
have if she were having it.
- The application of a poro
plaster is a great drawback to lo\
"Had it ever Htruek you that moat
everybody baa a pet terror," paid a
student of human nature. "Menthe
would not be afraid on the battlefield
will faint if a cat cornea near them. ]
know nf cases in which men have goo?
through life having a deadly terror oi
Bomething with which they have nevei
come in contact. Fer instance, 1
know a man who lived io New Yorl
City all his life. His ouc dread wai
that some day he would step on a rat
tlesnake. He confessed to me thal
the idea bothered him continually, al
though he had never in his life beet
in a region where rattlesnakes aboun
ded and did not have any expectation!
of going to such a place. We all
know that most every person has ?
certain kind of nightmare, which al
perturbed moments of life will come
to bother sleep. Whatever form this
nightmare may take, and probably in
the case of no two persons is the form
exactly alike, it invariably exciten the
uacanny, overmastering terror which
is to my mind the most uncomfortable
oppression that may afleot the human
spirit. A great mauy persons will ex
perience this sensation of terror il
they happen to be awakened by thc
moonlight shining in their faces. The
persistent nightmare with me is one
which I think is remarkable in manj
reBpeots. It has come to me in peri
ods of my life when I have suffered
from high fever, or after I have ex
perienced much mental worry, which
is a speoies of fever. As a nightmare
which by cumulative stages leads ur
to a Btate of horror, it is particularly
effective and extremely simple. The
dream begins by aa imagination that 1
have wakened in a dark room, and
that some vague preaence in the dark
is threatening me. I rise in trepida
tion, and in the dark seek the mantel.
The matches are hard to find; I grope
all over the mantlepieoe, over the
washstand, the burean and finally
when the suspense is becoming almost
unbearable, ?I find the box. Taking
out a matob, I strike it io feverish
haste. It flickers, and before I get it
to the gas jet, goes out. ? try another
matoh. The sulphur refuses to give
any light. Another matoh, and just
as 1 am about to make the jet, it too,
becomes dark. , Thin goes on, one
matoh after another. I begin to be
lieve that something in the room in
tends that 1 shall never have a light.
The sensation is maddening, and
when I finally really awake, it ia
some time before I can shake off the
sensation of terror that has domina
ted me."-New Orleans Times-Demo
--- ? ??? -
Simple Experiment to Prove Earth
Although it waa demonstrated more
than 2,000 years ago that the earth is
globular in form, there are certain
persons who maintain that it is flat.
About thirty years ago a controversy
on the subject waxed so hot that it
was determined to pat the matter to
direot experiment in order to settle
the question onoe for all.
The place chosen was near Bedford,
England, where there is a straight six
mile stretch of water. At both ends
and in the middle of this water pests
were erected, each of the same definite
height above the water level. Upon
i.-L!_:?u _ i-i_ _i_ <L.
lUU&lug ?nu . a d?iocuv|*D riuug tug
tops of these three posts it was clear*
ly seen that the centre one o vertoppe-'
the others by about six feet, owing to>
the curvature of the surface of the
These experiments were recently
repasted io a more specific manner by
H. Y. Oldman, who read a paper,on
the subject before the Glasgow meet*
iog of the British association. The
same results were obtained, with the
important differenee that by the em?
ployment of a tele-phot?grsphio lens
and camera the six foot prominence
of the middle post was recorded in an
- A man is brave when he will ad
mit he is afraid to argue with bis
.-The older a joke is the younger
is the fellow who g<*ts it off for Bome
f/?fp//&/w/?rr ''s o % j
on. TMao??cffs '
Uver ana Bi?od
CURES BY REMOVIHB THC CAUSE
A THREE-FOLD REMEDY far mil Illa Ow? to_
tiocattrooSte?. Acta *a the LJrer ?n? ti?deey? ot*
' Thousands have used thl? reliable remedy with perfect confidence and
success for 62 years, because they know just what it contains.
^ formula conaisU of Su?hu, Hydrangea, Mandrake, Yellow Dock,
Dandelion, Sarsaparilla, Gentian. Senna and Iodide of Potassium.
Any doctor or druggist will tell you that thia is a scientific and reliable
Combination of great merit for all diseases having their origin in tbe tiver,
Kidneys cr Blood. After years of experience and patient experiment, Dr.
Thacher BO perfected the procesa of manufacture, that it neve* faib> to bring
the expected relief when taken according to directions. >-;:' *?>.? . '
fal^asofuunks^ 9M* to w^??m li(yMS **** ?l?^lur? writtengrate
with lo? or appetite. Could not rc?? wilt it night ; Itt biet, hid no energy to work or ewen
walk atonnd/ I felt like X wrns pecking p bea^y .toad and, wa* fJSrato^&VuUll
took Dr. Thacher's Llrer and B?ood Sv?up. which helped ?teaJsa^r^TtteS^^s?;
When j had taken one and one-half ?ott?ca I felt llkia different ?an. and I knew that
lt wa? doe entirely to your medicine. I uwrd In all three bottles, ced confider myself
pejfectly enred. At this time my appetite 1? good, X ?!eep well.'and feet stroaTand
refreshed on aristas;ia the montlog.*' ? T^?T*W*o.^T- ^
i_ If V?** ***** m medicina ttfWfe to-day for a JFr-ea aatnpte botti* and *' JDf.
ThacHtr'* Health Booh." Ott? ?ymt>to?3>& adr<ceTff?simpfyTYk7yT to
?(.?raxjttitse. rr.fcnou? tr hat ? *riU do. At all druggUt?. Ao"**nt."<?nd *1&0.
Thacher Medicine Cc,, Chattanooga, Tatala*
AYegetable Preparation for As
similating Ute Food andl?eg ufa
ting Hie Stomachs and Bowels of
Opium,Mor()lune nor Mineral.
Anise SetU *
Aperfecl Remedy forConslipa
Oon, Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea
Worms .Corwulsions .Feverish
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
Facsimile Signature of
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
Vi. V? ti / ? i i i I li s. .i ? I < i :
)5 D?s? s - J?^X'j rs l s
\s For Over
EXACT COPY QF?WRA PP?R5
TMK CBNTAUR COMHNY. NEW VOM* CfIT.
Studebaker Wagons just arrived. \
Car of Kentucky, Old Hickory and Tennessee Wagons to
Also, three cars of Buggies, Carriages, Surreys and pleas?
ure Vehicles generally.
Call and see us.
FRET WELL - HANKS CO.
ONE CAB OF HOG FEED.
Have just received one Car Load of HOG FEED
(Shorts) at very close prices. Come before they are
all gone. Now is the time for throwing
Around your premises to prevent a case of fever or
some other disease, that will cost you very much more
than tho price of a barrel of Lime ($1.00;) We have
a fresh shipment in stock, and will bo glad to send you
some. If you contemplate building a barn or any
other building, see us before buying your- " - .
CEMENT and LIME,
As we sell the very best qualities oily.
O. D. ANDERSON.
We have a complete line of tho
latest styles of Buggies, Stirrers,
Runabouts, in fact everything in tho
Buggy and Harness Hue.
Prices and terms right..
Gar Milburn Wagons
Just received. Don't fail to look
at our stock before buying.
I also sell. the celebrated high
grad? guaranteed Wheeler & Wil
son SEWING MACHINES on
J* S, FOWLER.
Office Over Farmers aad Mercbaott
SPECIAL attention given ?5 tl?? highor
olasaoaof Dental work. Crowns, Bridgea
and Porcelain Inlays, auch aa aro done la
tire larger cities.
All kinda of Platea mads. Gold Pill
ings ia artificial teeth any time Siter
Plates are made.
Oxygen Gas and Local Anae s th 3 tica
given xor the Peinleaa Extraction of teeth.
Bleeding and diseased gums treated.
jaar Ah caris to the connery ana near
by Towna for the Painless Extraction of
Teeth promptly attended lo hy a ooesp??
tent assistant, :.
A LONG LOOK AH
A man thinks it ia when the matter"
insurance suggests itself-but circumstan
ces of late have shown how life hangs by a
thread when war, flood, hurricane and fir?
suddenly overtakes you, and thi Only way
to be sure that your family is protected la
case of ca?a* titjr overtaking you is to in
suro in a soUd Company like
?E^Mutual Benefit Life Ins. Oo.
I>rop in and se* us about it.
M. M, MATT?80N,
Si ATE AGENT* Z
>'Bank-Boltdlag, ANDERSON, C 8- '.