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Many Millionaires -AJ
These are the days of big things
because we are getting down to busi
ness more and nore. In other words,
we are realizing that so much can be
accomplished by observing labor-sav
ing, therefore time-saving, methods.
Perhaps the farmers have been among
thc moBt recent to realize it, as is
indicated by the actual revolution in
agriculture in America which is taking
Tb? work cf the farmer has been
called an industry, but with the man
of to-day, who depends on the soil for
a livelihood, it is also a business to
become more productive to the extent
that each phase of it is carried out
on progressive and systematic lines,
and that is why the expression "cue
horse" is regarded as contemptuous,
since the one-horse farmer is usually
among those who cannot make ends
meet at the year's end, and come out
with a balance on the debt rather than
the credit side of his account-if ho
keeps an account, though he may be
too negligent even to keep one. Under
this heading is not to be placed the
small land owner, for he may get as
muoh net value out of fifty or 100
acres by economical and at the same
time methodical agriculture as his
neighbor who pays taxes on double
the area, but who has not appreciated
the profit which comes from progress.
The same rule applies to thc farmer as
to the merchant, the manufacturer,
even the banker-it rests with the
man himself to apply judgment ind
method, as already stated, in making
a hnsine6s out of ( agriculture, or
plc . ning and sowing haphazard,
trusting to nature to repay him with
But nature helps those who help
themselves by taking advantage of
mechanical invention and applying
processes which experience or pos
sibly the farm college has taught
them. The best proof of this fact is
what appears to be the wonderful re
sults which have attended agriculture
on a large scale in the great grain belt
beyond the Mississippi as well as in
the Central West. Hero the corn or
wheat field may he calculated by the
square mile-not the acre. Instead
of the one horse you hear of four, six,
even a dozen, hauling the apparatus.
The bushels of grain are reckoned in
50,000 lots, and ono man may own
what would be called a township in
the older States. Yes, there are one
man farms, not one-horse, farms, but,
with this difference-the man may
not put his hand to the plough or toss
a bundle of hay from year's end to
the other. Ho devotes his ability
and experience to getting the best re
sults out of the men he employs snd
the machinery he owns, and wherever
it is a question whether the man or
the machine will do the most he takes
the maohine every time.
Twenty-five jc^ri ago the man sin
bitfoss enough to attempt to oulti
vfite 1,000 sores would probably have
toen thought idiotic, hat such hos
bean our agricultural progress that ro
ley one can find farms in the West
ranging as high ss 10,000 acree. In a
cinglo year the owner of one contain
ing 6,000 acres in Iowa has placed in
tho bank $50,000-the profits of that
period after taking ont all expenses.
In other words, every sore of the farm
netted him over $8, counting JO. 400
aeres of woodland, roads and ?oil on
whioh nothing productive was. culti
vated. It may be needless to cay
that thia farmer kept on tic count; and
a minute account, of every item of
income and outlay. An. Analysis of
this account is cf interest, for it ex
plains in part how be succeeded where
others woald have fsiled.
The farm in question is called , a
"oom farm." This till?is somewhat
misleading. In addition to oom, no
lees than 1,000 sores are planted in
wheat each year and about 600 aores
in oats. Corn is relied apon fdr the
priLcipal money return-the cash crop
-hut if all tbs available soil were
devoted io it annually far more ferti?
lizer would bo required than if another
cereal * were occaejonally plante?, so
the crop is rotated by raising three
successive harvests of dorn from a
field? then "putting" it in wheat or
oats and following ibis harvest frith:
thtte more of corn. Tho land io
valued at $30 cfc ?ore? representng an
investment in tho soi] of $180,000.
Tho improvements, which include
houses, barns an? buildings of all
kinds, fences, sewerage* maohine?y
soil Uve stock, swell the total to $258,
500.'' If the 'farmer had this capital
placed where it paid him 5 per cent
interest his income from ic would be
about $13,000-at G per sent a little
Here .is the.problem for him to
solve : Can ho make his soil yield
auffioiedi in ?. quantity and Quality to
paj him $?5j0OO snnually after meat-'
*~ -ll expenses? If svlis mowy is
MT ON FARM.
mongThose Who Till
a G per cent in ;estmeut. As already
stated, he has cleared as high as
$50,000 in one year, and in a period
of ten years his profits have never
been less than $19,000 at eaoh year's
end. The expense account would
stagger many a man who calculates on
100 or 500 acres. It would buy what
would be considered a good-sized farm
in some parts of the United States,
for it amounts to $25,000 a year, but
it includes everything, even the de
preciation in value each year of build
ings and machinery, which tho owner
estimates at 10 per cent. Therefore
every harvest must yield him at least
$44,000 in order to make the smallest
profit recorded, but, as already inti
mated, this kind of farmer estimates
by the 50,000 and 100,000 bushels,
as he calculates hts outlay io tens
of thousands of dollars. Hero is
what was put into hiB granaries in one
215,000 bushels of corn.
v 20,500 bushels of wheat.
28,000 bushels of oats.
He sold tho corn for $64,500, the
wheat for $10,000 and by feeding the
oats to his animals reduced his year's
feed bill to $200.
The expert corn grower who reads
this article will doubtless be surprised
at the harvest to the aore-over fifty
bushels-but this farmer,?who makes
it his business, does not waste sn
an acre of cultivated soil, and after it
is ploughed gives one part the p?me
attention and care he gives to all
through his machinery and the men
behind it. . In the preparation of the
ground the gang ploughs come into
play, each drawn by six sturdy horses.
If the soil is heavy even the seeders
aro drawn by four horses, never less
than two. You do not see the "man
with the hoe" walking over the field
and wasting a half dozen kernels where
he plants one; then another man fol
lowing him to bury the seed in the
earth. These machines drop just
three grains in every space allotted
for a hill because they can be adjust
ed to do it, and cover the grain auto
matically. In planting time you oan
count thirty of them in operation, so
the thousands of acres are seeded as
quickly, if not more quickly, than a
hundred. To harrow the surface the
farmer starts out a hundred harrows
in a morning. If they were placed
side by side they would cover a strip
1,000 feet in width GB they move along.
"He keeps the weeds from choking the
young corn with seventy-five culti
vators, eaoh drawn by two burses.
The ''man with the hoe" exists only
in poetry on this plaoe. Time and
apace are too precious for him. When
the orop is gathered seventy-five four
horse wagons haul the piles of ears to
the barns, placed here and there at
convenient points to save time.
Throughout it nil the idea is to
keep every man, every animal and
every machine doing what can be
done to the best advantage, eaoh form
ing a part of a system of which the
farmer ie director. Consequently the
same thoroughness is noted io one
part as io aoother, and the farm is BB
carefully divided into departments as
aa up-to-date factory or store, eaoh i
ono knowing what -he has to do and
how and when to do it. I
It is not strange that this man may
."make" his corn crop for 10 conta a
bushel where it costo his neighbor,
who does not believe in "ncv-faugled"
methods, nearly twioe this amount.
When ?i farm eau bo eonduoted as a
business and the cost of ploughing,
planting, cultivating and every other
especse suss up less than $5 for every
acre, while the corn from every aore
sells for two or three times this
amount, tho br si ness of agriculture is
worth thinking over.
The part which mechanical ' appli
ances play in aiding the modern hus
bandman is one lof the' most interest
ing features of this eubject. Ingenu
ity has been displayed in few inven
tions more notable than tboBe which
concern the ooil and its products.
|?ie inventor has 60 reduced actual
human labor in field and garden thai
a man can perform about every opera
tion requited hy merely the turn of a
wheal: here. and the pull of ? lerer
there with one hand, while ho guides
his burses ?nth tho other. He can
??ti ily plough, 'cultivate and seed
with hie two or four horses and ma
chine will accomplish aa much? as a
doten or score of men wita hand tools,
Even when the corn is ready for cut
ting, no longer is it necessary .to
swing the sioklo blade aud get the
backache gathering and binding the
stalks. One reason why the Western
^r^ . "patch" may extend a mile or
more In length is beoauso it can be
eat and grasped by fingers of steel
and bound like a bunch of wheat
without a touch of the hand^^?^;
The corn4>iuder and ihookei motea
along as rapidly as tho horses drawing
it can walk, cutting every stalk of the
hill close to tho roots. Held in thc
shock former the stalks arc wrapped
into compact bundles ready to bo car
ried to the barn or stacked amid the
hilla, When it is time to separate
the cars from the husk tho farmer
does not call in his neighbor. One of
the hands pitches thc stalks and ears
into a machine that strips every piece
of covering from the ears and piles
them into the wagon or on the ground.
Then it takes the husks and blows
them through a pipe into the barn
loft to be stored for fodder. Here
again a steam engine having the
power of two or three horses will do
as muon in a day as forty or more
human huskers, and the only wages
are water, oil and fuel.
The ''husking bee" has gone like
the man with the hoe, and even the
haymaker is rapidly becoming a mern
ory. We are all familiar with the
horse rake which gathers the hay into
long swaths. At last apparatus has
been designed that gathers up the
swath as it moves along, raises it to
the top of a wagon, where thc man
with the pitchfork adjuats the load.
As the vehicle moves forward it ie
ulled by this hay elevator attached to
its rear and the hay adjusted, ready
to be hauled to the market without
The grain field at harvest time prc
sents an animated scene, especial!]
when the wheat is thrasn?d on th?
spot where it is grown. The old-time
thrasher with its horses in the tread
mill was considered a little shor
of marvellous, but it was long sinoi
discarded for the one driven by thi
traction engine whioh hauled it fron
place to place, and now the visitor t
a California wheat field can soo th?
olimax of the agricultural engineer'
effort-a mechanical giant, whioh, ai
it passes through the mass of waviuj
stalks, outs them, separates tho kei
nels from the sheaf and binds th
straw. Actually the only manna
labor performed with the wheat itsel
ia to removo the bags of grain as fas
as the machine fills them, and to Ioa<
the straw bundles on the wagon to b
hauled away, yet the outting, raking
binding and thrashing are continual!
being done from the timo the man a
the lever starts his motor until h
stops it. In faot, steam power i
utilized in Pacific coast farming mor
extensively than elsewhere - iu th
world. Tractors representing th
power of fifty horses are substitute*
for animals in ploughing a field, mak
ing a series ot furrows twenty fee
wide and dragging from, twelve t
twenty ploughs after them. Who
the earth is ready for harrowing, the
are attached to harrows fifty feet wid
specially built for them. The steal
harvester ?B in common use. With i
150 aereo of grain can be out, thrasl
ed and Backed in twelve hours, for i
mowB a srvitoh twenty-two feet wid<
The traotor draws its ploughs ovt
fifty to sixty aores in a day, acoordin
to the character of the soil.
When one staps to consider whs
these figures mean he can get son
oonoeption of how maohinery is ait
ing in the revolution we have ref erre
to. The invention of it has bec
stimulated by the demand for labi
and -time saving appliances, but th
demand has originated from the desii
of the agriculturist to apply method
cal ideas, as in other channels >
haman activity. As he has studit
hts vocation he has realized the gre;
opportunities of whioh he - can tal
advantage if he has adequate faoil
ties. If a man believes, he can mal
a thousand or five thousand dolla
more by adding to his aoreage he
strongly tempted to make the add
tion especially when modern methoi
will give h$m the desired results wit
out overwork. This is the seoret
the expansion of many of the Weste;
farms to their present sise. Not i
their owners have succeeded, as
the instance we havo cited, but mai
have done so, and the stories of tl
rural capitalists who dire ot o per at ip
from their automobiles and drive ov
their placeo behind te? , JB of thorong
breds have more thsn a grain of tm
in theta, as the camera proves. B
they are of the cl s BS who use th <
heads more, than their hands, beari
the same relation to their propel
that the president of a cotton mill
of a foundery does to his industry.
Soldier's Sens? ef Huer.
The late Bear Admiral Henry
T^Ior ut iou ci se ? ss an example
I ghastly ?humor an incident that 1
felt a young woman during the Ci
War? aays ihe Baltimore Herald. '
"She was good and kind," he wot
say, "and during the war she visit
the hospitals daily, distributing fra
and flowers and tracts. >
VOn* - morning on her rounds
young soldier immediately after f
had passed him, set up a loud )ao|
"She turned end looked at him
surprise;. / He seemed a pitiful es
Nothing of him but his face was vi
ble on thc little white bed, and t
young face was sadly thin and pi
Nevertheless ho laughed like. <
pc8s0?s?d. His mirth resonnt
through the gruesome room.
1 "The visitor returned to Lim. '?>??
"Will yon tell me what amu
you?' she said.. ..
"Why, wa'm, said he, 'here J
have given me a tract on the sin
dancing, when I've got both legs s
Hats Start Fires.
Thc Kock Hill Herald no longer
doubts that a rat eau burn down a
house-it has a minister', testimony
that the thing is possible. Say* Tho
"We have often doubted whether
fires that have been attributed to
matches and rats ever occurred for
that reason, but we are DO longer a
skeptic, as Rev. W. P. Meadows has
furnished the proof that rats do light
matches. On Thursday night while
he was lying in bcd and before slum
ber's chain had bound him, ho saw a
light on the floor and heard thc scratch
of a match. The light waB under his
bureau, and jumpiug out of bed, he
hastened to that point, pulled the bu
reau out, when a big rat ran out be
hind it. Pushing it back, he secured
a light and found a matoh with its
head charred, lying on thc floor, just
where he had seen the flash. This
proof convinces us that matches ^re a
good thing to put away carefully, lest
it may bo expected that a conflagra
tion may result at any time."
- Some men would have no excuse
for living if their wives didn't take in
The Klehost (ilrl in Europe.
A very popular young girl ia Miss
Krupp, who sinco the death of her
father has been the chief proprietor
of tho Krupp works, at Hsscu, Ger
many, and is said to bo the richest
girl in the world. Young though she
is, she holds the fate of nations in her
keeping, for if tho Krupp works re
fused to supply a country with arms,
that country would indeed be in a bad
Miss Krupp, when she makes her
debut in Berliu, will do so under the
protection of the Kaiser andKaisetin,
who take great interest in her, an in
terest which is duo not only to her
own charms, though they arc many,
but to the fact that her father was an
intimate personal friend of the em
In Essen Miss Krupp is like a little
sovereign. The town, with La 100,
000 inhabitants, is practically her pri
vate property, and the power she
wields so wisely and kindly over 23,
000 employees and their families is
very great-Home Notes.
- If the man has the check to ask
a girl to marry him she seldom has tho
I face to refuse.
AMERICAN FIELD AND HOG FENCE
Stays ta in. or 6 In. apart
.Tl ? i1* V
Special Hog-, Horse and Cattle Style
Stays ia In. or 6 in. apart
Made of large, strong, high -grade steel wires, heavily galvanized.
Amply provides for expansion and contradi." i. Is practically ever
lasting. Never goes wrong, no matter how great a strain is put on it.
Does not mutilate, but does, efficiently, turn cattle, horses, hogs
EVERY ROD OF AMERICAN FENCE GUARANTEED
by the manufacturers and by us. Call and see it. Can show you how
it will save you money and fence your fields so they will stay fenced?
IJL'1 I 1 CONSIDERED. 1 1A.1U
Buy cheap Goods because the price is low.
Nor pay high prices because the quality ia good, but
Good Goods where you can get them at
reasonabl? prices. We give one hundred
cents in value for every dollar you pay us.
OUR HARDWARE LINE
Is the moat complete in the State, and the
Goods are sold etrictly on their merits.
For HIGH QUALITY AND LOW
PRICE is well established.
11?T_ A-^Xm. Our Advertisements !
W 2itCH 0ur *&ow Windows.!
Our Store !
S?llivan Hardware Co.
Hew Booms South Main St.,
Formerly Alliance Store.
FOR FALL PLANTING !
D. S. VANDIVER. J. J. MAJOR. E. P. VANDIVER.
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR,
BUGGIES, WAGONS AND HARNESS.
^We have a splendid line of BUGGIES and HARNESS cheap, and
want to nell yon.
We have some good WAGONS cheap.
?A FEW FINE HAY RAKES,
At Special Price.
'?ST? COME TP SEE US.
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
HEALTH AND VITALITir
HHB-IWUL? HIB X>X*. MOTT'S
Tho great remedy for nervous prostration ami all diseases of tho generative)
organs of either ses, such ag Nervous Prostration, Failing or Lost, Manhood,
Impotency, Nightly Emissions, Youthful Errors, Mental Worry, excesslre use
of Tobacco or Opium, which lead to Consumption and Insanity. Wlthevtrjh
ACTCR HCIlie $S order wo punrantco to euro or refund tho money. Sold at 91.00 p'.-r t.or,
Rr I tn UaiROi G boxes for $6.00. OH.iWri 'S CHEOUCAIi CO., Cleveland? 0h.Ux,
FOR HALE BY EVANS PHARMACY.
I>. S. VAX DIVER.
E. P. VANDiY?,K,
VAN DIV ER BROS.
COME TO SEE US!
On anything in our line ami we will make PRICES SPECIALLY INTER
ESTING. We have a limited amount of
Sound, Cheap Flour for Hog* Feed,
At 83.50 jn?r barrel.
Yours for Prarie,
Turned and Scroll Work,
Devoe's Paint, Lead,
Hard Oil, Glass,
INVESTIGATE when isa
need of any kind of
See me. If I don't sell yoi?.
I'll make the other fellow
SELL YOU RIGHT.
"W- Hi. B]R,ISS?EX,
ANDERSON. S. C.
REAL ESTATE FOR SALE.
We offer for sale the following desirable property, situ
ated in this and surrounding Counties. Nearly all of these
places have good improvements on them. For full partier
ulara as to terms, location, &c, call at my office.
50 acros, two miles from city, un
House and Lot, G acres, near city
limits, very desirable.
1 aore, with new dwelling, in city
lld acre;;, near city limits, cleared,
200 acres in Fork township, on Tug
aloo River, two dwellings.
400 acres in Oaklawn township, io
Greenville Co., half in cultivation,
5 tenant dwellings, 50 acres of this
is in bottom laud.
700 acres in Hopewell township, on
Six and Twenty Creek, 3?0 acres in
oultivation, 2 good residences, 6 ten
ant dwellings, 40 acres in bottom land.
Bl acres in Garvin township, on
Three-and-Twenty Creek, good dwell
ing, barn, &o.
200 acres in Center township, Coo
nee County, 100 cleared, balance well
timbered, well watered, good mill site
with ample water power.
133 acres, in Pendleton township,
Berry plaoe, Varcnnes, 87? acres.
437 aores, Pondlcton township, ter?
ant houses and dwelling.
145 acres, Evergreen place, Savar>
150 aores in Savannah township*,
well timbered, no improvements.
GOO acres in Hopewell township.
130 acres in Broadway townships
230 aeres in Fork township, oa ?ct-<
eea River, good dwellings, dre.
800 acres in Anderson County, ext
96 aores in Lowndesville township
84 aores in Corner township.
75 aores in Oconee County.
75 acroB in Piokens County.
152 aores in Rock Mills township
on Seneoa River, 2 dwellings.
700 aeren in Fork township.
56 aores in Macon Co., N. C.,'"25*
miles above Walhalla, on road kUh
162 acres Broadway Township, on Rocky River. Good improvements,,
two tenant settlements, pastures, &c. 40 acres bottom, 40 acres woodland,,
80 acres in cultivation.
All the above are desirable Lands, and parties wanting good horneo, -a!*
low pri?es, can seleotfrom lae above and call for further particulars. Nen*,
j is tho time to Beear e J ?er homes for another year.
JOS. J. FRET WELL,
ANDERSON, Bc O.
This Establishment nae been Sellins
IN ANDERSON for more than forty years. Daring ell that time oom pe ti tor*
have come and gone, but we have remained right here. We have always sold..
Cheaper than any others, and during those long years WK have not had one die- .
satisfied ouBtomer. Mistakes will sometimes ooour, and if at any t/ssa? a v
found that a customer was dissatisfied we did not rest until we had made hin.:
satisfied. This polioy, rigidly adhered to, hes made ns friends, true and lead -
ing, and we cen say with pride, but without boasting, that we have the confi
dence of the people of this section. We have A larger Stock of Goods fhrer*
season than we have ever had, and we pledge yon oar word that we have neverr
sold Furniture at as clops a margin of profit as we are doing now. Thia ii"
proven by the feet that we are selling Furniture not only all over Anders?*/
County bat in every Town in the Piedmont section. Come end see us. You*
parents saved money by baying from us, and yon and your ohildren can save
money by buying hore too. We carry EVERYTHING in the Furniture lins-,.
Ce F* TOLLY & SON. Depot Street.
The O ld.-Re li able;F ur n i tur elD e/ilers?.
WE have moved our Shop and office below Peoples' Bank, ftp trout ejf
Mr. J. J. Fretwell'a Stables. We respectfully ask all our friends that need
any Hoofing done, or any kind of Benair work, Engine Stacks, Evaporatorsy
or ?ny kind of Tin or Gravel Booting to call on ne, ae we are prepped to ??
it promptly and in best manner. Soliciting your patronage, we are.
Respectfully, BURRIS8 A DI WER.