Newspaper Page Text
It has been the invariable rule in a|
majority, if not in all the Southern
States, for the blacks sod whites living
iu the rural districts to visit the
neighboring village, tuwn or city on
Saturday. And this disposition is es
pecially noticeable whee the 1st Mun
day, or "salesday" oomes at the county
seat. Some are prompted by idle
curiosity, others by a desire to make
purchases, ethers because of the sale
of property at the Court house, while
others go to trade stock, or "swap."
And there is hardly a county seat in
the oeotion of country referred to, that
has not what is commonly known as
a "Bone Yard,"-fdnerally a largo
vacant lot where everyone with any
thing of tho horse or mule flesh or
bones, gathers to trade.
There has, however, oomo a change.
An innovation has taken place. Small
towns are asking for the crowd to
come and traders like a near place
henea the "Horse-Swappers Conven
tion." The idea is said to have orig
inated in the mountainous section of
one of the Southern States. It seemed
to "catch," andsuoh things are now
popular. They are called together in
this way. Traders in a section of
country get together and determine to
hold a "convention." They of course
contribute enough to defray the ex
penses of printing, advertising, etc
Beoause the crowd that usually at
tends is a large one and spends money
freely, merchants generally contri
bute. In every instance the town re
fuses to charge a license.
A few days after Christmas the
writer happened upon one of these
conventions in A Southern State. It
was at--well, for the sake of the story,
say MacuBville. Now before the war
Maousville had been quite a placo.
Ever sinoe the territory had been ob
tained from the Indians by treaty, it
had been the county/ seat until a
neighboring town had grown and set
on foot an agitation looking to a
change of the seat of justice. That
agitation grew, resulting in a hot con
test and the suooess-of the agitators.
The county gea; changed, Macus
ville's haloyon days were of the past.
Thc town began to '"swiwp up" BB one
of its citizens expressed it. The old
white stuccoed Court House that stood
at the Southern end of a beautiful rec
tangular park, was purchased by a
Farmer's Society. The court room
where so much eloquence had been
heard, became the meeting pl ase of
the farmers, and in the autumn, a
plaoe for their exhibition of agricul
When the writer visited Muousville
at the time referred to, it seemed that
the whole section of the* country for
miloo around, had been flooded with
printed droolers of the most brilliant
color, at the top of which was a eat of
a man on the baok of a hone, supposed
to be running at a gait. Tho rider
had a long horn to his lips, and from
it were supposed to sound the words:
"Come! Cornel" printed in large let
ters. Underneath appeared the fol
December 29th, 30th, 31, 1903.
COME AND BRING- YOUR RIPS
YALLER DOGS AND FIGHTING
ROOSTERS, OR ANYTHING
YOU CARE TO 3WAP> EX
CHANGE OR BARTER.
-will be loaded for "Bear."
. .Secretary and Treasurer.
(In pencil) Free Stable.
*Thi? had referenda to the dispenser.
The first day was cold and rainy.
Quite a number of the "delegates"
appeared They, however,: confined
themselves to the "Free ' Stable."
There they talked horse, mule, eto,
to iheir heart's content. And some
felt nailed apon, owing of course to
the extreme rawness of the day, to
patronise freely ono of Che great moral
Itstlsss vf vu? Stace commonly
known as a dispensary. Indeed, steh
was the ecauiUon of eoxaa; ?that when
they retired that nighs 'and rested
Japon either shucks, fodder or hay in
f he. loft of tho stable, they did?ei
enow bat what they were resting apon
eather beds, and ware covered wi th
in ider down quilt.
The next day opened .misty, hat by
?o'o?ook it wes e perfect winter day-- j
lear and ?cold. Before 10, the dele
ates began to arrive-many coming cs
ar as 30 mi lea. Glancing np the red
lt y streets on the western side of the
quara could be seen baggies, carryalls,
agons of every make and color, ahow
ng every stage of wear and tear,
ear by, were moles acid horses galore,
hile hete and there were squads of ?
en, Aw*y Wyesd,STS? iL*Visent
the end of the street, stretched a
beautiful country. A pasturo hero
with a dwelling on the hillside backed
by woods-then another dearing-tho
land more and more adulterating, then
tho foothills of the Appalachian range,
above, the rugged but picturesque
lines of its numerous blue peaks.
On the left of the street at tho cor
ner, and opposite the stately old
whitewashed, stuccoed Court House,
was a vacant let, then carno the large
"free stable," mentioned in the flaring
hand bills, after that were some email
buildings once occupied as offices by
gifted men of tho legal profession
whoso names now adorn the pages of
history, but whose offices are uow hab
ited by negroes. And, almost in the
centre of the negro cabins, a long
building, the habitat in later years of
many gay and jovial souls, being then
a bar, while]now of tho State's "moral
By midday the whole section of
country for miles around had come,
and it was not long before the trading
begun. The invitation had been ac
cepted'literally. There were horses
and mules of all colors, ages and phy
sical conditions. Dogs were also
plentiful, from the finest setter or
pointer to the ''yaller,'-1 flop-eared,
flea-bitten hound. But most signifi
cant of all, was the absolute oblitera
tion of the color-line. Men who had
participated in "white oap" expedi
tions were hobnobbing with negroes,
not only bartering and trading, but on
the hillside under the eaves of the
"free stable," drinking out of the
same bottle. Then out they would go,
some arm in arm, then on their ani
mals and up the street at break neck
speed, laughing and talking.
Near the corner outside of the va?
oant lot, had been established what
was called a show, a negro calling him
self the "Sly Coon," putting his head
through a piece of canvas stretched
over an upright frame, offering those
paying 5 cents the exquisite pleasure
of throwing at his head three times
with an ordinary base ball. Each hit
got a oigar (imported, of course,) three
hits 50 cents. And to this the crowd
flocked. Numbers took off their coats
and threw at the darky's head. As
those more invigorated than others by
some of the State's "chemically pure,"
would either throw wild or hit the ne
gro's head, there would be peals of
laughter and exultant yells. All
swapping or trading was abandoned,
and at last the president of the con
vention interfered. The man run
ning the show, however, said he had
paid license to the town and was going
to run on. That he did the balance
of the day and had the orowd.
The third day was clear and cold.
The "Sly Coon" was again in evidence,
bnt failed to eaton the crowd. It
looked as if the "delegates" to the
Convention meant business-were go
ing to swap-and they soon got at it.
The Urge lot adjoining the stable
seemed to please their fanoy. It had
a hollow in it, but of that they seemed
to take but little notice. Two by two
they were seen rushing down the
sward, over the hill and then np the
hilh A pair here, a pair there, could
bo seen to "light" and, in the twink
ling of an eye, saddleB and bridles
changed and they were riding baok
each triumphant-they had swapped!
And thus it continued for hours. Bnt
there was a white man, with a white
horse, that had apparently come
through the Revolutionary war. Its
legs were bowed like that of a bull
dog, with a faoe careworn, indeed pa
thetic, to a degree, The white man
had been bantered for a trade by an
old half drunk negro, the possessor of
a white mule, the age of which equal
led, if not exceeded, that of the horse.
I The two men rode and talked, mixed
with others, got together, rode and
talked again. At last they attracted
the attention of many. This trade,
i should there bo one, Was being watch
ed with interest. ~
i A cold wimd was coming from the
mountains; the sun < sinking in a halo
of. crimson and gold-tho .third and
Us* day of the "Convention" was
drawing nigh. Over on the hillside
were two human figure?, one white the
other black, standing by their animale,
both ^h i te-ono a horse, the other a
mule. Saddle s and bridles were chan
ged. The mon mounted and 'roda
slowly down the hill. But the crowd
had suddenly broken and were running
towards the public square,
jj While the swapping had been going
on the young son of a fanner had
passed out of the town with compan
ions, drunk. The young man was not
only brandishing a Smith & We s torn
38-oalibre pistol, but shooting at those
passing by-especially negroen. A
policeman soon overtook the party.
They resisted and about eight shots
wen fired, but no one was burt. The
chief of police and the other assist
ants soon reached the scene and the
man was taken to the lookup. Ile
said he would not be locked up. By
the same policeman he was taken to
the steps of the two-story callabooso.
There ho jerked away, but was caught
and carried to the cell. His father
had just left thc "Convention" in a
buggy with three companion-all mora
or less invigorated by the State's
"chemically pure." Learning of his
son's arrest, he leaped from the buggy
and ran to thc lockup. There hn. at
tempted to break open the door and
release his son, but-tho police inter
fered. Then there came a struggle
and the old man was locked up. By
that time an immense crowd had
gathered. There around the little
whitewashed stone guard house at tho
ond of tbe publio square, were gather
ed the friends of son and father
cursing and threatening to bleak open
tho place, but with them were three
policemen keeping them back, while
behind stood a cirole of negroes-si
lent but observant. Suddenly the
crowd broke away. Tho smallest
policeman was being pressed over thc
rails of the fence by a stalwart fellow,
with right hand on his throat. But ]
tho young fellow swung loose and as
his man came towards him again call
ed to him to stop, but he did not.
Three blows in quick succession, fell
on tho big fellow's head. Ho stag
gered a little, then rallied and stood
still with blood rushing freely down
bia face. For a fow minutes a hush
hung upon the crowd. As thc man
was to be locked up his friends put up
bond and h j was taken -off. Gooier
heads then prevailed and for an hour
or two they hung around the lockup,
discussing the matter, but there was
no disturbance. At last the father
and son were released on bond, taken
charge of by friends and earried
home. Thus ended the third and last
day of the "Horse Swappers' Conven
That night peace again reigned su
preme over thc town, with nothing to
disturb the solitude but the occasional
hoot of an owl perched on one of the
numerous trees of the publio square.
The old white stucooed Court House
and lockup were bathed in the cool,
and brilliant rays of a winter night's
E. A. Tresoot.
To Gire Veterans Homes.
Columbia, Ootober 18.-"A plan is
on foot in Marion to provide for the
aged Confederate soldiers of that
eommnnity. It is to form an associa
tion whioh shall, through charity-,
provide a home, with a few acres of
ground, for each old soldier who needs
it free of rent, with firewood and other
conveniences to be had. The associa
tion will be formed into a stock com
pany, whioh shall hold the titles to
the property and take oare of the
farms and of their occupants. when
necessary. The little farms will be
tilled by the veterans so long as they
are able to till them. After their
death they will pass again into the
hands of the association, so that, the
members may be remunerated to como
extent for their work," says the Flor
The widows of veterans will be in
oluded in the. provisions also until
their death. They will have all of
the privileges aeoorded to the vete
This will give a permanent home to
the gvi??led boya in grey, who are
now renters with poor prospects for
the future. Many of them who will
be provided for have children who can
and wiii help them make their living
on the farms given them.
Among .those gentlemen who are
formulating these plans are Ex-con
gressman Norton, G. G. Ford, B. G.
Smith, W. H. Daniel and others
equally well known, veterans them
selves in most oases.
It is not unlikely that other promi
nent men in the eounty of Marion will
join with these gentlemen and make
the home eolony a oounty affair.
In this plan the private home idea ie
preserved, the independence of the
beneficiary of the charity, and it will
be more pleasant because the little
farms will bo gathered into one com
munity, where the old boys oan meet
and fight their old battles all over and
enjoy the sooiety of old comrades.
Newe and Courier.
Carnage Waa Dreadful*
Washington, Ootober 18.-A report
issued by the Io ter-S tate commerce
oommia?ion to-day shows that the to
tal number of casualties to persona on
railroads itt the United 8tatea during
the fiscal year ending Jutta 30, 1904,
waa 55.130, comprising 3,787 killed
and 51,343 injured. This shows a
large increase. The total number of
collisions and derailments waa 11,291,
involving $9,383,077 of damage to cars,
engine? and roadway. This is an in
crease of 648 collisions ead derail
ments, The casualties ?ere an in
crease of 233 killed acdof 5,366 in
jured over the preceding year.
. - - # m?>
- Sucoeas often means taking
things as they come, and them sell*
- The socialists regard the seat of
the government ss a good thing to ait
After Beer Dispensaries.
"Yes, I will put every beer dispen
sary out of business in the State of
South Carolina," said C. P. Sims of
the Spartanburg bar, who was in
Greenville yesterday attending the
United States District court.
When asked how he expected to do
it and wh'Jthrr or not the reports
from Spartanburg were correct, Mr.
Sims replied that they were. "I have
already started criminal prooeediugd
against L. Reblin j; and Joe Hughson.
They aro both charged with selling
intoxicating drinks to minors, and also
for maintaining a nuisance. Both of
theso things arc contrary to the very
statute itself, whioh expressly says
that no alooholio beverage shall be
drunk on tho premises of the dispen
sary, and further, that nono shall bo
sold to minors. This law is violated
day after day by many beer dispen
saries, many of them maintaining a
room just iu tho rear of the bar, where
tables and comfortable scats can bc
found. - Some go so far as to provide
glasses and salt.
"The principal fight against tho
beer dispensary, however, is to bc
made on thc civil side of tho court
on the ground that the dispenser re
ceives a profit from thia business,
which is contrary to the expressed
provision of the dispensary law, that
declares whatever profit tKcrc is after
expenses aro deducted shall go to thc
State. As tho business is now con
ducted tLe dispenser gets nearly every
thing and the State practically noth
Mr. Sims intimated that ho ivould
begin proceedings at an early date
against one or more beer dispensaries
in Greenville.-Greenville News.
.- I ?-'-?
A Question of Temperature.
A Sootch doctor who was attending
a laird had instructed the butler of
the house in taking and recording his
master's temperature with a ther
mometer. On repairing to the house
one morning he was met by the butler,
';o whom he said, "Well,.lohn, I hope
Che laird's temperature is cot any
higher to day." Tho man looked
puzzled for a moment, aud then re
plied : "Wed, I was just wouderin'
th?t my sel.1 Ye see, he died at twal
- Happiness is one thing a mau
contiuues to search for after he has
AMERICAN FIELD AND HOG FENCE
?wme jun isaSnac
Stays ia In. or 6 In. apart
.I"1- ? Kg . ?PS
Special Hos, Horse and Cattle Styte
Stays ia In. or 6 In. apart
Made of large, strong, high-grade steel ?v ires, heavily galvanized.
Amply provides for expansion and contraction. Is practically ever
lasting. Never goes wrong, no matter how great a strain is put on it.
Docs not mutilate, but does, efficiently, turn cattle, horses, hogs
EVERY ROD OF AMERICAN FENCE GUARANTEED
by the manufacturers and by us. Call and see it. Can show you how
it will save you money and fence your fields so they will stay fenced?
TVTWO THINGS lt VJ 11 Li
1 1 CONSIDERED. 1 1V1V ??
Bny cheap Goods because the price ia low.
Nor pay high prices because the quality is good, but
Good G-ods where you can get them at
reasonable prices. We give ont? hundred
cents in value for every dollar you pay us.
OUR HARDWARE LINE
Ie the most complete in the State, and the
Goods are Eold strictly on their merita.
For HIGH QUALITY AND LOW
PRICE is well established.
Our Advertisements !
Our Show Windows*!
Our Store !
Sullivan Hardware Co.
Hew Booms South Main St,
Formerly Alliance Store.
FOR FALL PLANTING !
1 Bur Clover.
D. 8. VANDIVER. J. J. MAJOR. E. P. VANDIVER.
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR,
-"- DEALERS IM
BUGGIES, WAGONS AND HARNESS.
Wo have a splendid line of BUGGIES and HARNESS cheap, and
want to tell yon.
re have some good WAGONS cheap.
IA FEW FINE HAY RAKES,
At 8pecial Price. . .
COME TO SEE US.
VANWVER BROS. & MAJOR.
HEALTH ANO VITALITY
? ? mJMmm MM ra mm IVTJXX V:I?;T-?_IIVJJ arxT.jitA?
Thc groat remedy ?or nervous prostration ami nil diseases of tho generative*
ot Kims ot entier HOI, such as Nervous Prostration, Fal ling or Lost Manhood
Impotency, Nightly Kmlssions, Youthful Errors, Mental Worry, excessive.os*
of Tobacco or Opium. Which load to Consumption aud Insanity. With overy
>5 order wo ijuuranteo to cu'u or refund the money. Sold at $1.00 per box
6 boxes fer $5.OU. im. MOr?'S CIIlilTIICAE, CO., Clcveluud, Olxlo
FOI* HAIMK BY EV AMS I'll 4 KM A TY.
I). S. VANDIVBR. E. P. VANDIVER?.
VAN DIV ER BROS.,
COME TO SEE US!
Ou anything in our lino and we will make PRICKS SPECIALLY INTER
ESTING. Wo have a limited amount ot'
Sound, Cheap Flour for Hog Feed,
At S3.50 per barrel.
Yours for Trade,
Brick, Doors, INVESTIGATE when iza
Sash, Blinds, J need f kind f_
Turned and Scroll Work,
Devoe's Paint, Lead,
Hard Oil, Glass,
SS THE BUILDER
See mo. If I don't sell y or:?
I'll make the other fellow
SELL YOU RIGHI.
"W. Xi- BRISSBY,
ANDERSON, S. C.
REAL ESTATE FOR SALE.
We offer for sale the following desirable property, situ
ated in this and surrounding Counties. Nearly all of these
places have good improvements on them. For full partier^
ulara as to terms, location, &c, call at my office.
50 acres, two miles from oity, un
HOUBO and Lot, 6 acros, near oity
limits, very desirable.
1 acre, with now dwelling, in city
li? aorcs, near oity limits, cleared,
200 aoreB in Fork township, on Tug
aloo River, two dwellings.
400 acres in Oaklawn township, in
Greenville Co., half in cul ti vat/ion,
? tenant dwellings, 50 acres of this
is in bottom land.
700 acres in Hopewell township, on
Six and Twenty Creek, 300 aoreB in
cultivation, 2 good residences, 6 ten
ant dwellings, 40 acres in bottom land.
Vii acree in Garvin township, on
Threo-aud-Twenty Creek, good dwell
ing, barn, ceo.
200 aores in Center township, Coo
nee County, 100 cleared, balanoe well
timbered, well watered, good mill site
with ample water power.
133 acres, in Pendleton township,
Berry place, V?rennos, 87* acres. .
437 aores, Pendleton township, terr
ant houses and dwelling.
145 acres, Evergreen place, Savait?
150 acres in Savannah township^
weM timbered, no improvements.
000 aorcs in Hopewell township.
130 aores in Broadway township-,
230 aorcs in Fork township, on Sei>~
eca River, good dwellings, &o.
800 aores in Anderson County, os>
96 aores in Lowndeovillo townships
84 aores in Corner township,'.
75 aores in Ooonee County*.
75 aores in Piokens County.'
152 aoreB in Rook Mills township* >
on Seneca River, 2 dwellings.
700 acres in Fork township.
56 aores in Macon Co., N. C.,-29*
miles above vYalhalls, on roa&^ta*
162 aores Broadway Township, on Rocky River. Good improvements^
two tenant settlements, pastures, &e. 40 acres bottom, 40 acron woodland,.
80 acres in cultivation.
All the above are desirable Lands, and parties wanting good homes, >a&
low prices, oan saleo I iron th? above and call for further particulars. NOT?..
is thc time to secure your homes for another year.
JOS. J. FRETWELE,
ANDJER30N, g. CP
This Establishment has beten Solling:
IN ANDERSON for more than forty years. Daring all that time competitors?,
have come and gone, bot we have remained right here. We have always sold
Cheaper than any others, and during those long years we have not had one dla- -
satisfied customer. Mistakes will sometimes ooonr, and if at any tita* wa*
j found that a customer was dissatisfied we did not rest nntil we had made hic*
satisfied. This polioy, rigidly adhered to, has made us friends, trae and last
ing, and we oan say with pride, bnt without boasting, that we have the conS*
dence of the people of this section. We have a larger Slock of Goods tMe>
season than we have ever had, and we pledge yon onr word that we have noverr
sold Furniture at as dose a margin of profit as we are doing now. Thia is
proven by the faot that we are selling Furniture not only all over Anderson
County bnt in every Town in the Piedmont seotion. Come and see ns. Yona
parents saved monoy by baying from ns, and yon and your ohildren can save?
money by buying kore lao. We carry EVERYTHING in the Furniture lina?
Ce F. TOLLY & SON, Dtpot Street
WE have moved our Shop and office below Peoples* Bank, in front' ol
Mr. J. J. Fretwell'a ?tables. We respectfully ask all our friends that need?
any Roding done, or any kind of Repair work, Engine Stacke, Evaporator?,
or any kind of Tin or Gravel Roofing to call on us, as we are prepared to $m
lt promptly and in best manner. Soliciting your patronage, wa are,
Respectfully, BURRISS A DI WER?.