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BOOTH'S * <OTI
"Why He Assassinat
.'In this country tho assassination
of Abraham Lincoln, one of thc
purest, the most generous, and the
ablest rulers that ever lived, was the
result nf American slavery. It was
slavery's attempt, in its death strug
gle, to deal a stunning blow to the
head of the nation that was crush
ing out its life-a blow dealt in a
desperate revenge for its having been
compelled to submit to the triumph of
liberty. It was slavery, in its dying
throes, administering to itself its own
scorpion sting, thereby rendering its
own character doubly despicable, and
its own death more oertain and ever
lasting. Hcnoe, the cause (slavery)
of Lincoln's assassination being for
ever annihilated no such despicable
crime can again spring from that
Such paragraphs as thc above,
which is taken from the Religious
Telescope, of Dayton, Ohio, have re
peatedly appeared in Northern reli
gious papers. They do thc Southern
people great injustice. No citizen of
the Southern Confeieraoy had any
thing to do with the assassination of
Mr. Lincoln; nor was slavery in any
way responsible for it, except in so far
as slavery was an occasion of the Civil
war. These writers have evidently
forgotten the actual facts which led
to the commission of this crime
faots which are not stated in many
John Wilkes Booth, who assassi
nated Mr. Lincoln, was a citizen of
the United States-not of the Con
federate States. He was at no time a
resident of any of the seceded States.
His Southern sympathies did not lead
him to come to the South and make
common cause with the South. It
was not an ardent love of the Soutfh or
of the Southern cause that prompted
Mr. Booth's crime, but rather a spirit
of revenge for the personal wrong that
Mr. Lincoln had done in having Capt.
Young Beall, one of Booth's friends,
Thc editor of the Christian Observer
was acquainted with Capt. Beall. He
was a native of Virginia, a member
of a good family, a college graduate,
a brave young man of attractive per
sonality. In Riohmond, Va., we
boarded at the same house, ate at the
same table, and we learned to appre
ciate his sterling worth. He possessed
traits similar to those which during
thc Spanish-American war made Rich
mond Pearson Hobson the idol of the
American people. And wh.en, in the
fall of 1864, a man was wanted to lead
a hazardous enterprise and make a
diversion on Lake Erie he promptly
responded to the call of the Govern
ment. With a handful of brave sea
men, he Beized a- steamboat on Lake
Erie, made its crew prisoners, con
verted it into a war vesoel, captured
or sank one or more other boats, ter
rorized the commerce of the Great
Lakes, produced a panic in Buffalo
and the cities on the Lakes, and
thoroughly alarmed the Northern peo
ple. In due time he. was captured.
He was tried by a Court-martial and
sentenced to death as a pirate.
John "VVilkca Booth interested him
self in his behalf; obtained from the
Confederate Government at Rich
mond, Va., tho evidenoe that he waa
a commissioned officer in the Confed
erate navy; he obtained also ?vidence
that his acta were only those of legiti
mate warfare, and that ho was acting
under speeifie instruotions from the
Confederate Government. Booth
went to Washington armed with these
documents and occured from President
Lincoln the premiso that Capt. Beall
should not bo put to death, but should
be treated as a prisoner of war. Thia
promise of Mr. Lincoln gave offence
to Secretary Seward, who persuaded
him, in the faeo of i&, to sanction
Beall'a execution. And Capt. Beall
waa hanged at Governor's Island, New
York, on February 24,1865.
john Wilkes Booth waa not a well
balanced man at his best. Doubtless
he inherited a streak of the insanity
with which his father, though a great
actor, waa fyea tims tc tims afilies
ed. Be that aa it may, ho waa fear
fully wrought up by the death of his
friend, in auch circumstances. Be
denounced tho killing ia. cold blood
of a prisoner of war, after ho had sur
rendered, aa "murder," and the doing
it af ter ' tho President had given hie
word that iv should not be done ea
"falsehood" and "treachery" and
vowed vengeance against the author?
of this wrong.
. At ones hs organised a conspiracy
for the assassination of Pr?sident
Lincoln and Secretary Soward; and cn
the night of the 14th of April, 1865,
only ieven weeks after Capt. Beall
iras hanged, the plot was executed.
Booth shot Mr, Lincoln at Ford's
Fheatre, Washington, exclaiming
"Sie souper tyrannie," and on th>
lase sight,, PB???, on? of LSD fellow.
j conspirators, inflicted serious, but not
mortal wounds, on William H. Se
ward, Seoretary of State.
The United States was fearfully
aroused by the as?ussinaliou uf the
President. At first it was suspected
that the crime had been instigated by
Confederates. Many prominent citi
zens of the Confederacy wer,e arrested.
The most thorough and searching ex
amination was made. And it was con
clusively proved that no representa
tive of the Confederate Government
and no one in the Southern Confed
eracy had any part in it. It was as
sincerely regretted and as severely
condemned through the South as in the
North. Mr. Lincoln was killed, not
by a citizen of the Confederate States,
but by a eil i ?.en of the United States
-a partially devanged manxto avenge
the wrong ho claimed had been suf
fered by his friend at Mr. Lincoln's
During the nineteenth century slav
ery was abolished by Great Britain,
Sweeden, France, Holland, Brazil,
Spain, Germany and Egypt. Even
Russia abolished serfdom. By all
these countries it was peacefully
effected. Mr. Lincoln's statemanship
waa exhibited in that in this country
alone the emancipation of the slaves
was made the occasion of the most ter
rible Civil war of the century. His
campaign speeches threa'tened incal
culable evil to the slave-holdiDg
States, in ease he should be elected;
and his election was the occasion of
the secession of the six cotton States;
his demand upon the border States
that they should furnish troops to
engage in war under him against the
cotton States drove the five border
States, in which until that moment
the Union eentiment had been over
whelmingly strong, out of the Union.
Then followed thc long war to drive
them back into the Union. God's
hand was in these events. And when
Mr. Lincoln had apparently triumph
ed and before there was opportunity
for exultation, there came the start
ling, fearful cringe which suddenly
ended his life. If it be regarded as a
judgment, it was from the Lard. The
South Lad no hand it.
Mexican War Veteran Attended the
An interested and interesting visitor
at the fair, who has remained over
until Sunday, is Capt. Matthew B. ,
Stanley, of Marion County, a veteran '
of the Mexican war. This is the first;
time Le has atten'V 'he State fair
since thc year I860, v. .hough in his
81st year, he has enjoyed himself
with the freshness of a boy, not even
hesitating to take the long walk to the
fair grounds when the street oar ser- !
Capt. Stanley is a man of remark- j
able information and memory, his
teeto running especially to history ?
and biography. There is hardly a
family in the State of which he can
not tell Borne anecdote or incident.
Bora in Darlington County and living
for the past 50 years in Marion Coun
ty, he knows thc genealogy of the
Pee Dee country with tho detail and
accuracy of a MacDonald Furman.
His recollection of who was Whig and
who was Tory carries one beek to an
earlier generation which still felt the
partisanship of the Revolution. His
accounts -of adventures of Marion and
his men are as graphic as if ?he. had
been a comrade in arms. Mneh thst
gives life to his stories he has never
read in history bot "got from the old
people." He is much interested in
the historical awakening in the Pee
Dee seotion and Col. John J. Dargan'a
proposed revision and republication
of Gregg's history, and he has ten
dered to Col. Dargan his s toro of faots
obtained from the generation that
talked face to face with the early
Speaking of the names on the Pal
metto monument-the names of South
Carolinians killed in the Mexican war
-he recalls the time and plaee where
this one or that one fell, who was
next to Lia, and how they eared for
bim and how he died. Bot in Mexico
yoong "Mateo" Stanley saw not only
muoh of death bot something of love;
Its oame near bringing a Mexican mai
den back to Sooth Carolina.
8c pleased is he with Colombia that
he plans to return in May if (as he ex
pects) the Confederate reunion is hold
here. A man of perfect health and
strength, he says he does not see why
he should not live right on indefinite
ly. Such an old man should be an
example and inspiration to the yoong.
Truly the elder generation of South
Carolinians was made of noble stuff.
-;- , am9 ? mm ---
- The less any man has to say
shout thc high opinion he baa of Lim
B elf ?he better.
Successful Trip en Fifing Maehlue.
St. Louis, Oct. 31.-After circling
io every direction at a height of
2,000 feet above the cascades in sight
of ?hc'-c-?ds of ouccrieg, enthusias
tic spectators ou the world's fair
grounds, A. Roy Knabonshue of Tole
do, in command of Thomas S. Bald
win's airship California Arrow, today
returned to the place from which he
started, covering three and one-half
miles, part of thc way against an eight
Knabensbue started from the aero
nautic course at 3.37 p. m. and return
ed at 4.0f> p. m. On the return trip
the air ship sailed slowly over the ex
act spot from which it had risen 28
minutes previously and glided about
100 feet further west, where it settled
gracefully to the ground. The descent
of the Arrow was the signal for a
great demonstration. Dozens of cager
hands were upstretched to grasp the
frame of thc flying machine which with
its navigator was carried around the
course on the shoulders of shouting
The Arrow rose slowly and easily,
its prow directed to the west. When
at a height of 25 feet Knabenshuo
turned the rudder, and the aerial
craft, answering to ils helm, pointed
south and continued its flight without
Knabensbue at that time was not
high enough to clear tho aerooautic
fence and as he rapidly approached it
the crowd held its breath, fearing that
the craft would bo dashed against the
barricade and the aeronaut injured or
killed. But Knabensbue, waving his
cap to assure those who were following
his every move, moved toward the
rear of the airship. The Arrow point
ed its prow upward, and answering
the pull of the propeller, soared light
ly over the fence and rapidly gained
an altitude of 1,000 feet.
After proceeding about half a mile
westward Knabenshuo turned the air
ship about and again passed over thc
concourse, at the same time increasing
his altitude until he was 2,000 feet
above the earth.
Knabensbue continued in a general
ly eastern direction until over thc cas
cades, the centre of the world's fair
grounds and about ? mile and a half
in a direot line from the point of start
At about that time the barely per
ceptible breeze that had been blowing
from the west increased to about eight
miles an hour and veered to the north.
In order to return to the starting
pointit was necessary for Knabensbue
to breast the breeze. It seemed his
first effort to turn the airship from a
course before the wind was unsuccess
ful, but Knabeushue after trying to
turn to the left swung tho rudder
sharply in the other direction and the
Arrow oame into the wind, staggered
a moment and then gaining power,
came toward the concourse at a speed
that caused the spectators to oheer
and toss their hats in the air. The
demonstration was observed by Kna
beushue who leaned far out and waved
an empty ballast bag in reply.
When in a few hundred feet of the
concourse KnabenBh?e moved forward
in the oar, the' Arrow pointed down
ward and Bailed toward the ground
without any slackening of speed.
Knabenshuo entered the concourse
from the east at. a height of 200 feet
and slowly the speed of the motor di
rected the airship over the wooden
frame that had supported the Arrow
before the flight. The momentum was
too great to admit of Stopping exactly
ia the plaee from whioh he had made
the ascent bmt the airship settled te
the ground within 10$ feet of the
St. Louis, Nov. 1-The seeond sne
eessful flight of the Baldwin airship
was made at tko world's fair today,
under the gwttefeee ea* A. B. Knaben*
?buo of Toledo, Ohio, who nianoeuver
ed the "Califesasla Arrow" at will,
high above tho western portion of the
exposition grounds and descended in
the stadium, adjoining the aerial con*
eourse, amid the cheering thousands,
after a flight of 36 minutes. Yester
day Knabenshne took the airship np
to an altitude of 2,000 feet and, cir
cling around, deseended in the aerial
ooneourse within 100 feet of his start
ing point. Today he went mp to an
altitude of about 1,600 feet and, after
directing the course of his aerial ves
sel at will, descending on the exact
spot ?pen which he had decided ta
Satisfied with the demonstration of
the airship over ?hort courses daring
these two trials, Inventor Baldwin an
nounced at the conclusion of the flight
that Knabenshne will tomorrow un
dertake a 16 mile flight over a desig
nated eotnev the ehoiee of the course
to he left to newspaper men, asd the
flight to he made regardless of the
Darin? his flight today Knabenshne
performed a series of menoeuvers,
shooting in one direction for a short
distance, turning quiekly and shoot
ing off in the opposite direction, tra
versed a letter * 'S" course, dipped and
came down several hundred feet, tilt
ed tV a plow and asoended again to the
original altitude and completed the
teries by turning the airship in ?neb
jo short spaoe that it seemed' the ves
. sel swnng roncd on a pi vol.
Made ld'") Miles an Hour.
Nev? York, October 20.-Once
again the mail trains of thc New York
Central Kaili oad bavo made ? red-!et
ter mark in railway history. Robert I
Butterfield, engineer of No 32, the |
mail express from Albany to New |
York, did the wholo distance of 143
miles between the two cuies in 142
minutes, a fraction over a mile a min
ute, making an average of <>0 miles an
It was on Thursday, October 13,
that tho mail train, consisting of six
cars, made its record. Drawn by en
gine No. 2.998, tho train loft Albany
one hour and twenty minutes behind
the schedule time. To land the mails
for tho West Butterfield bad to make
up all this lost time. Starting down
the Hudson Valley at a steady mile-a
mioute clip until reaching Tivoli, ho
ran the 4.33 miles to Barrytowu tu
three minutes, or S7 miles an hour.
His ambition thus whetted, be let out
another notch, and at tho 5.41) miles
between Khinccliff and Statcsburg
were "finished in four minutes, or 83
miles au hour.
The engine had just a little mite in
reserve but Butterfield reserved bis
final eff jrt for tho straight ru-.i of 3 51
miles between Croton and Ossining,
and the engine, let out to thc extreme
limit, flew thc distance at 105 miles
an hour, thc distance being covered
in two minutes. When the train
reached tho Grand Central all of tho
lost time, save seven minutes had been
The History of Sheep.
Of all domestic animals the sheep
has from time immemorial, been most
closely associated with mankind. An
erudite author sixty years ago, having
laboriously collated an assortment of
allusions to sheep made by sacred and
profane writers, conclude! that "thc
history of these animals is so inter
woven with the history of man that
they never existed in a wild state at
all. Biblical history from thc time of
Abel is full of allusions to thc flocks
which formed thc chief possessions of
the Jewish people and their neighbors.
Thc spoils of war and the tribute cf
vassal Kings largely consisted of
sheep. Thus we read that Mosha,'
King of Moab, was a sheep master,
and rendered unto thc King of Israel
an hundred thousand rame with the
MOSCH after his victory over the
Midisuiifis obtained as ioot no ICES
thi\n f?75,00Q cheep, and long before
the Christian era sheep were cultivated
in Western Europe. Spain and Italy
possessed them from an unknown pe
riod, although long after Rome was
founded thc inhabitants had not learn
ed to sheer tho fleece; and, until tho
timo of Pliny, the practice of plucking
it from the skin was not wholly aban
doned, so long that the humble shep
herds of Syria preceded, in their
knowledge of necessary arts, the future
conquerors of their country.-R.
Henry Hew in November Outing.
- - ? m
MONTH'S MKDH'IM: ON TRIAL.
G onerous Offer to All with Weak Di
gestion or Stomach Troubles.
With every box of Mi-o-na sold
Kvaus Pharmacy give the following
guarantee bond, assuring tho pur
chaser that the money will be return
ed if after a month's use, the remedy
has not niven satisfaction.
We hereby agree to refund the :
: money paid for Mi-o-na on return :
: of empty box, if tho purchaser :
: tells us that it bas failed to cure j
: dyspepsia or stomach troubles. ?
. This guarantee covers two boxes, .
: or a months treatment. Price, :
. 50c per box. j
: (Signed). :
Anyone whoso food does not digest
as it ought, who has to take thought
about when and what to cat should
take advantage of this generous offer
of Evans Pharmacy.
Mi-o-na is almoBt invariably success
ful in curing stomach trouble of all
kinds, from an acute attack of indi
gestion to a chronic case of dyspep
sia. By its use new rich blood is
made, thc weight increased and health
If Mi-o-na were not successful in
99 cases out of 100, an offer liko this
would bc ruinous. This oller shows
the great faith Evans Pharmacy have
in the health-giving powers of Mi-o-na
and you should begin its usc at once.
Try it for a month anyway. If it
fails to help you, thc cost is absolute
ly nothing, while if it docs what is
claimed for it, the expense is trifling.
*fiArliA?iArfk?Ai> ?? ?m /h tik* A ?*k ?K A A
j GET THE HABIT !
I To Buy Your Shoes
THE BOSTON SHOE STORE
WE have the strongest Hue of Boya' and Children's Shoes
that eyer came lo Anderson.
You find the best Plow Shoe to the very finest Drees qhoe.
We sell only Shoes which we can guarantee.
Why should voa buy others when you can get the VERY
BEST wear at the very least money.
Do not buy before you have seen our Shoes.
Buy your Shoes in a Shoo Store. You get the right fit. y
If yen have corns or bunions we cap shape your * Shoes so t>
that you will be relieved of pain.
We have a Shoe for Sunday.
We have a pair for Monday for work.
Surely we have a pair to plows you.
Hext to tko Tamm and Merchante Baak.
FOR FALL PLANTING !
D. 6. VANDTV?R. J. J. MAJOR. S. P. VANDIVSR.
VANDiVER BROS. & MAJOR,
- DEALBBS IH -
BUGGIES, WAGONS AND HARNESS.
We have a splendid lins of BUGGIES and HARNESS cheap, and
want to sell you*
We have some good WAGONS cheap.
- ALSO, -
|A PEW PINE HAY RAKES,
At 8pecial Price. ,
COME TO SEE US.
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
Wanted to Buy
Good, Flat Land, in good state
of cultivation and well im
proved. - - - -.
Wanted to Sell?
152 8cres Rock Mills Township. Price $1200.
96 3-4 acre3 Broadway Township-well improved
87 1-2 acres V?rennos Township-improved.
200 acres Fonr Township.
JOS. J. FRETWELL,
ANDJEKSON, S. V
1 Baillll I law I Qh I jiaiB?V omissions, increase V?R,?
!- or and banish "pains
of menstruation." They arc "L.IFK SAVERS" to pirls at
womanhood, aiding development of organs and body. No
known remedy for women equals them. Cannot do harm-life
becomes a pleasure. ?LOO PUR JJOX liY MAIL. Sold
by druggist*. DU. MOTT'S CHEMICAL, CO., C.evelaud, Ohio.
FOR ?ALE BY EVANS PHARMACY.
1>. S. VAN 1>I Vii lt.
E. l\ VANDIVER.
VAN DI VER BROS.
General ]Vf erchants.
COME TO SEE US J
On anything in our lino ami we will make PRICES SPECIALLY INTER
ESTING. We have a limited amount of
Sound, Cheap Flour for Hog Feed,
At 83.50 per barrel.
Yours for Trade,
""Ssa IMPORTANT !
Shingles, Limo, >
Cement, Lathes, TIBIT T
Brick, Doors, INVESTIGATE when ir*
^Mantel?' need of any kind of
."TSSSSSff BUILDING MATERIAL.
Hard Ou, Glass, See me. If I don't sell TOO
EVEEYTH?NG RU MAKE TH0 OTHER ,EUOW
?S? THE BUILDER.! SELL YOU RIGHT.
"W". Hi. BRISSEY,
ANDERSON, S. (C.
g - 2 9
Oldest, BigJ|? M\
Tills Establishment bas been Selling
IN ANDERSON for more than forty years. Daring all that time competitors
. have come and gone, but we have remained right here. We have always sold
j Cheaper than any others, and during those long years wt> have not had ose 4>s?
' satisfied customer. Mistakes will sometimes oeour, and if at any tinte wt
found that a customer was dissatisfied we did not rest until we had made hine,
satisfied. This policy, rigidly adhered to, has made ms friends, true and last
ing, and we oan say with pride, but without boasting, that we have the ooafr
denee of the people of this seetioa. We have a larger Stoek of Goods this*
season than we have ever had, and we pledge you our word that we have never
sold Furniture at as elose a margin of profit as we are doing now. This ie*
proven by the fact that we are selling Fnrniture not only all over Anderson?
County but in every Town in the Piedmont section. Come and see us. Your <
parents saved money by baying from us, and you and yonr children can save -
money by buying bite seo. We carry EVERYTHING in the Furniture line,
?. P. TOLLY & SON, Depot Street
WE have moved our Shop and office below Peoples' Bank, in flout' of
Mr. J. J. Fretwell's Stables. We respectfully ask all our friends that need
any Roofing done, or any kind of Repair work, Engine Stacks, Evaporators*
or any kind of Tin or Gravel Roofing to call on ns, as we are prepared to do
it promptly and in best manner. Soliciting your patron-tee, we are,
Respectfully, B?RRJSS & 1>IWER.