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BY CLINKSCALES & LANGSTON. ANDERSON, S. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 28. 1904. VOLUME XXXX--NO. 28.
#3&- WHEN YOU BUY A
NTER OVERCOAT !
.Copyright 1904 by
Hart Schaffner ?s? Marx
AT THI3 STORE you will be sure
to get the most stylish, the best tail
ored and the best fitting Overcoat
that can be had for the money. We
have made sure of this by handling
only the product of the best Clothes
makers in the country, and can there
fore guarantee every garment to be
In Men's and Young Men's Over
o'jiitB we are offering incomparable
$5.00 to $20.00
That you will do well to take advan
tage of while our style and fabric as
sortment is at its zenith. We were
never so proud of any particular
group of Clothing as we are of our
Stylish Overcoats at $15.
They are extremely fashionable
garments, such as you usually pay 820
for, and consist of kneA-?encril^ sc
dium-length and long Overcoats, up
lo-tiie-niinutc in style, close-fitting col
lar, broad shoulders, cul loore and
roomy ; made of Kerseys, Vicunas,
Cheviots and Friezes, in black aid
Oxford, and certainly the most re
markable value ever seen at SM 00.
Fashionable Suifs for Little Boys.
Here thrifty parents can clothe the "little shavers" most stylishly at de
<t?stve samngs ovea what libe quality Clothing costs elsewhere. Visit other
?Stores first, then come here and make any lair comparison you like-if you
do, you'll find our styles smarter and our prices lower. Hone's just a hint :
fihfles 4 to 17 years, made of Etuidy Serges, Fancy Cheviote and Tweeds
feandsomely tailored. strong linings, trousers ^| |?|> Tft ?fi fifi
reenforced, wann, comfortable, aervioeable*.. 35 o DU I U 3D? UU.
Evans & Co
THE SPOT CASH CLOTHIERS.
-CO TO -?
LEAN & RATLIFFE
AftlD GET THEM CURED. $
THEY, are Foot-Fitters from away back, and
have the besti selected stock of
Bran New Shoes
They ever bought. Their Special Reduction Sale of
three hundred pairs of Cheap Shoes at Cheap Figures
is now in fullblast. This sale spells
DON'T FORGET THE PLACE *
111. & RATLIFFE,
THE FOOT PLBASERS.
f rm : :..
-_! _Ll_!_ ^_IM.... . -i
The Farmers' Educational and
Ca-Operativo Union of America.
CONDUCTED BY J. C. STRIBLING.
yt-if Commuicationa intended forthi?
department should bo addressed to
J. O. Stribling, Par dikton, 8. C.
The Farmers Should Organize.
Everybody it seems except tho Cot
ton Exchanges and cotton gamblers
have indicated their friendship and
sympathy with the cotton growers of
tile South, and still sume of our cotton
growers ure looking at and holding on
to the dollar that it takes to join the
Farmers' Union while the cotton spec
ulator is running oft* with from $10 to
$13 per bale of his cotton, when, if all
cottongrowers, or even one half of
them, would unite, they could abso
lutely control prices.
The Southern cotton mill men, tho
merchauts and bankers ure tumbling
over each other in concert of action of
fering aid to farmers to enable them to
hold their cotton, but the farmers aro
very slow in coming together. They
have been fooled and deceived so often
that they have almost lost conlidence
in each other.
Mr. Montgomery, vice president of
the .South Curolina Bankers1 Associa
tion, in his article appealing to bank
ers to come to the cotton growers aid,
speaks thus: "In revolving this matter
in my mind the pinn indicated above
appeared the most feasable, because
the bauks of the ?South are organized,
the farmers are not; tho bank-? ?-nn o?t
promptly, mo tanners cannot."
Farmers, this cluuse from this letter
from a banker should be read and re
read again, and nguiu, to every farmer
who refuses to join the farinosa' organ
izations to help himself. There are
bankers, the mill men, merchants, cot
ton oil mills, ginners, cotton handlers
and even the little "2 x 4" cotton buy
ers that stand on the BtreotB, aro all or
ganized to protect their own interest,
while some farmers consider them
selves too independent or feeble, too
smart or too big a fool, too good or too
indifferent to associate his name with
that of his best neighbors, in one gruud
concert of action to protect that which
belongs to him. So lon*? as farmers
refuse to "trust each other" and stand
aloof to battle against the organized,
world single-handed, just so long the
organized world will regard him ns u
dog for the fleas to prey upon, and he
has nu escape.
Why is it thut the manufacturer of
cotton cannot raise the price of the
manufactured products instead of low
ering the price of cotton in order to
make his profitf It is because the dry
goods trade is well organized und the
cotton grower is not. The curreut of
trade moves alone the line of leant re
sistance, and as the dry goods trade is
a unit and is fortified against resis
tance, and the farmer is not prepared
to meet this pressure upon his business
with an organized force as an equal if
not superior nnit the f armera' i utereut
is swamped, and he has to yield to the
inevitable and pay tribute to the or
ganized lorie* of his wiser competitor
for the dollar.
Farmers, rally to the standard of
equity; come out on 7th January next
at eveiy precinct in the country and
join The Farmers'' Union, organize one
if yon have none at your place and
line up ready for action.
The Baakers Heard From.
It is exceedingly gratifying to the
farmers to note the ready response of
the business men of the South to the
appeal of the farmers for aid in their
desperate struggle against the com
bined forces of the cotton speculators
who are now playing a game to force
the farmers of the South to yield to
their levy of several hundred million
In the article recently published,
coming from Mr. B. F. M auld in, presi
dent, and Mr. W. J. Montgomery,
vice president of the South Carolina
Hankers' Association, there are several
paragraphs beside* the bankers' oilers
nf much-needed aid, of special interest
to farmers at this time. In Mr. Mont
gomery's remarks he says; 'Becuuae
the bankers of the South are organi
zed, the farmers are not; the banks
can act promptly, the farmers can
This paragraph of Mr. Montgomery's
Bhonld us read and read again to every
farmer of South Carolina who doea not
already belong to some tannera' or
ganization. The farmers who stand
outside of the farmers' organization
are usually of the class cf farmers limt
are continually harping on the combi
nations of capital and refusing them
selves to join the other farmers in or
ganized eifert to meet these combina
Just as Boon as the farmer begins to
organize and shows to the world that
he is trying to help himself, his friends
will flock to his aid; bat so long as he
is unorganized and indifferent he can
not expect any concerted action among
his frienda in his behalf when he hes
made no effort in the way ot a nnited,
concerted action hin self.
Mr. Mauldin says: "Tho mills nat
urally desire to secure ali the local
cotton that they can, for they thus
Bave freight and the profit of the in
termediate man .from whom they must
otherwise purchase. Hence the mills
should in their own interest maintain
their own local cotton markets." To
all this from-Mr. Mauldin the cotton
grower will say amen, bat some of
the farmers of Anderson claim that
tbe mills claim all this cost of freight
and commission of cotton handling,
and do not allow the local cotton
grower any part of this profit that he
as all along been told was a part of
his good fortune in living near the
It is also shown from the farmers'
point of view that the local mills do
not always maintain the cotton market
at their own doors, as the record of !
.ales billa provea that many times dar
ing the last few years the cotton mar
ket waa better at other towna than
nearer the milla. However, we can
not blame tho mills for this action on
their part, for it ia the foult of the
fanner in not taking care of his own
interest by combining his forces and
offering his cotton in large blocks to
Tho differences mentioned ar? small
matters compaiedwith the greed of
the loreign gamblers' present exac
tions. The few cents br a dollar be
tween the grower and bis neighbor,
tho home mills, nre ns dimes to dol
lars. There aro farmers yet among tia
that will stay out of their organizations
and hold on to the dollar that ir tajtos
to join these protective association?
and watch tho cotton speculator run oil'
with $10 or $13 on each hale of their
cotton. We should not quarrel with
or abuse these short-sighted neighbors
for they aro really ?to bo pitted, but
their wiser and moro progressive
neighbors ar? to be blamed for not
stiring up these unfortunate neighbors
to joiu in concerted action on behalf of
every ono that raises eotton. Remem
ber that "To him whom much is given
much is required." Progressive farm
ers, there is a largo hold ot home mis
sion work for you to do among your
neighbors, rise up and go at it.
'Hold Your Cotton" ls The Watchword.
AB ia well known to all our farmers,
there has been a very sharp and rapid
decline in cotton since December 3rd,
when the Government report of a prob
able crop of 12,102,000 huies WP* given
out. At once the Wallstreet gamblers
and money sharks began hammering
the price down until it has most reach
ed seven cents. And now when tho
farmers rise in their might and trv to
protect themselves against this gigan
tic steal of iii ty million dollars of their
honest toil and labor, hy keeping their
cotton ott'tho market, tho same Wall
street robbers como back at us with
tho threat that they will break the
farmers from holding cotton or ever
attempting to hold again. Fellow
farmers, aro we going to stand this?
Aro the farmers ot' the South prepared
to lose fifty million dollars worth of
their honest toil and seo it gobbled up
by speculators who never as much ns
saw a stalk of cotton growing) Wc
say no. Then, follow farmers, lets
provo our assertion hy rallying around
our banner. Let's stay in this fight to
win or die.
Remember the word*? of the immortal
Lawrence, "Dont give up the ship."
Let ours be, "don't give up tho eot
From every quarter of tho South,
from men,nf high, degree, men of in
fluence and financial Ntandiug comes
with encouraging words of help to us
in this great battle between honest
toil ot'tho South and legal thieves of
the North. Wo say, hats off to the
bankers of tho South who are coming
to our aid. Let's give them ti? under
stand that we appreciate their effort in
our behalf, and that wo aro ready to
join bunds with every movement that
is calculated to help us in our present
And now, brother farmers, in our ef
fort to secure u better price for our
eottou-tho great staple and money
crop of our lair Sou thin d, let's not
overlook the important of organiza
tion. Get into the Fumers1 Educa
tional and Co-operative Union of
America, and stand by it, for herein we
must finally tight our battles and win
our victories. Remember that this
great Order was originated in the great
State of Texas and that every farmer
within her border i-J with us in all our
trials and tribulations.
W. L. Cosey.
The Educational Feature.
One object in organizing the far
mers, aa the heading of this column
indicates, is edncation. The little
amount of money it takes to organize
under the Texas plan is money well
spent, even from an educational stand
point. Then let the farmers organize,
if for no other purpose than that they
may meet together and exchange ideaB
an to the most improved methods of
With this object In view, the Ander
son County union last Wednesday
from its action taken, wishes a focal
union organized in every school dis
trict or township in the county. Then
let the farmers in any section where
no local union has yet boen organi
zed, if they deoire organization, write
to Mr. T. T. Wakefield, whoa J address
is Anderson, R. F. 1)., and ho will
take pleasure in organizing you into
a local union, that you may lie repre
sented at tho next meeting of tho
county union, which will bo held on
the first Tuesday after the second
Sunday in January next.
We thank tho editor of Tho Intelli
gencer for the nso of thia column. Wo
appreciate tho favor, realizing that wo
cannot succeed without the aid of tho
press. Wc antagonize no calling. Wo
need the help of all classes and pro
fession?*; more especially do we need
the aid of the manufacturer. Many
of our cotton farmers hold stock in
cotton factories. We want them to I
succeed. Will the mill presidents help
us by some concerted action to keep
up or increase the price of cotton goods,
that they may be able to give tho cot
ton grower more for his cotton? We
cannot raise cotton at seven cents.
Under present conditions it costs more
than that to raise it, due to competi
tion in labor.
In our meetings we discuss various
agricultural questions. We wish it
understood, that the order is nou-pnr
tizan, non-political. Last Wednesday
at the regular meeting of the county
union we discussed the subject. "How
to Buy-How to Sell." We resolved
not to sell cotton unless wo can get
therefor a remunerative price. We
resolved further to buy our gu ar. o in
bulk, direct from tho manufacturers,
if uosaible. J. P. Glenn,
Equality, S. C.
One Tfiousand Dollars For a Rooster.
Tho closing of tho poultry and pet
stock show at the Herald Square Exhi
bition hall last night was marked by a
rather sensational incident, and for tho
first time in the poultry world, it is
contended, an offer of $1,000 was refus
ed for a rooster. When William Cook
& Sons placed their black Orpington
cockerel on exhibition his value was
marked at $1,000. This was thought to
be a prohibitive price. Last night,
however, Wallace P. Willela of this
Ba breeder of Orpingtons, offered
for the black rooster, which was
ined, and then Henry T. Sherwood,
a Connecticut breeder, raised the price
to $000. This also waa ref a sed. Mr.
Wi Ho ta finally offered the maximum
amount for the Orpington, bnt failed to
secure him. Mr. Cook, owner of the
cockerel, aaid he would keep him be
cause it had taken bim 27 years to per
fect the strain, at a cost of more than
? - James G. Harper has been nomi
: nated for postmaster at Seneca, and
the nomination seoj to the Scoato by
- Gold has boon discovered in
G reen ville County, uear the old Mo
- Tho constables destroyed a dis
tillery near Greenville aud captured a
wagon and thc driver.
- Robert Pichoff, an aged white
man from the oouutry, was struck
and killed by a trolley car in Spartan
- Somebody has suggested tho
name of Bishop W. W. Duncan for
President of thc Puked States in
- Tho South Carolina Methodist
Conference, which mot at Darlington,
will hold its annual meeting in MOS at
- Ned Oliver, a young man, was
arrested in Orangcburg ou ibo charge
of counterfeiting. Counterfeit half
dollars were found in his possession.
- J. II. Adams, tho Collctou mur
derer who escaped from jail while
uudcr a death sentenco and for whom
a reward of $1,000 was offered recently,
ha* boen captured.
- Prank Polctaki, a Polish farmer,
who cannot speak a word of Koglish,
arrived io Columbia on Friday, hav
ing walked all tho way from New
York. He found employment with a
farmer near tho city.
- At a meeting of thc County Com
missioners of Spartanburg held on tho
ltith inst., in tho oflico of Supervisor
Miles, $21,000 worth o? twenty-year
4 per cout. county bonds were sold to
the American National Bank at par.
- According to a motion passed at
thc recent Methodist oonferenco at
Darlington, Williamston Collego will
now bear the name of Lander Col
lege, in honor of tho distinguished
aud beloved founder of that institu
- Sis Lee, a negro girl, about ten
years old. was killed hy a freight train
at Seneca Wednesday. She. was be
tween coal cars picking up coal, when
the engine was hacked agaiust tho
cars. Her body was fearfully man
- On Tuesday morning, 20th inst.,
two strangers went to thu home of a
mill operative at Spartanburg aud loft
a little three-year-old girl in thc care
of the operative, stating that they
would return shortly. They never
- Thc next examination for the
Cecil Rhodes scholarships at Oxford
from this State will be held in Colum
bia ou the 17th and ISth of next
month. One man will bc given a
scholarship from South Carolina, as
well as from every other State in the
- Wealthy farmers from Pennsyl
vania were in Columbia ii conference
with Commissioner Watson last we:k
in regard to the purchase of lands
suitable for farming. If successful in
their search the Pennsylvanians will
establish a large farm, to be conduct
ed on a modern and model plan.
- The Secretary of State has char
tered the Broad River Light and
Power Company, whioh will develop
the power in Lockhart Shoals, in
Union County, and with head offices
in Charleston. The capital is $1,
O00,0UU and J. L. Davis is president
and M. V. Haselden secretary and
- A carload of contraband booze
78 kegs of five gallons each-was
seized at Cayce's, just across the Con
feree, from Columbia, by dispensary
constables. Every package was con
signed toa different name, but it is
thought it all belonged to one party.
Nobody has called to claim it, and it
will bo confiscated.
- Gov. Hcyward ha? received ap
peal for a pardon fruin a woman in
North Carolina who wants a pardon
for her father, a Confederate veteran
who was sentenced to two years on
the Ilorry County ohaingaug for hav
ing taken $25 from a store to which ho
had access with a key which was
rightfully in his possession.
- At Camdon last Wednosday the
DeKalb cotton mills were sold at auc
tion, under order of the United States
Court for $170,000 to George H.
Wright, a mill owner, of Union. This
is the third time tho mills have been
on the block. Alleged irregularities
set aside the first sale and there were
no bids offered the second time.
- Geo. Middleton, a white boy of
Beaufort, aged about eleven years,
accidentally shot and killed a young
negro girl, Rebecca Patterson. The
boy was playing with a gun which
contained a load of bird-shot. It is
alleged that the weapon was accident
ally exploded. The charge took ef
fect on the throat of tho girl, causing
almost instant death.
-The petitioners for the new coun
ty to be called "Ileyward" have with
drawn for the present their potition
presented to the governor a few weeks
ago. Tho withdrawal of the potition
was duo to the ordering of thc cleotion
for Calhoun County on January 3.
Aa the two counties would conflict
with eaoh other in territory the peti
tioners for "Ileyward" County have
not bad a day fixed for an eleotion 1
yet, and they realize that it would be
better to withdraw their petition
until the fate of- Calhoun County is
- Barnwell County has, perhaps,
the oldest colored woman in the State.
Her name is Luoy Beak Sanders, and
ahe lives in Red Oak Township. A
reputable gentleman told aa recently
that he ia prepared to. prove that she
is one hundred and eleven years old.
Up to a year ago the old woman could
get about, but now she is in n helpless
condition. A few years back she was
known to split 150 rails in a day.
i Barnwell Sentinel.
(j KN EU AL NEWS.
- Tho wall of a Minneapolis hotel
caved in and eleven people were kill
- Neill Stubbs, a young Texas
farmer, killed his sweetheart because
she rejected him, and then shot him
- The next reunion of Confederate
veterans will be held in Louisville,
Ky. The date has not yet been an
- J. C. McEIroy and his wife arc
under arrest at Central City, W. Va.,
charged with using tho United States
mails for fraudulent purposes.
- Reports to the North Carolina
Stato Hoard of Health show that small
pox is very epidemic in (Jreone Coun
ty, with a great number of cases.
- At Portsmouth, Ohio, Elli o
Phipps was killel, aud several womon
were injured by leaping from a window
after an explosion ia thc house where
in they wcro at work.
- A million gallons of oil were
burned at sea olf Loug Brauch, N. J.,
tho ISth inst. Four men were burnt
to death. It some unexplainable way
an explosion occurred.
- A general mooting of tho hard
yard spinners of thc South has been
oalled to be held in Charlotte Janu
ary 5, when matters of vital mtercst
to tho trade will bc considered.
- Tho residence of ono of Atlanta's
wealthiest citizens waa robbed in tho
broad daylight of $4,000 worth of
jewels. Tho work was dono by a sty
lishly dressed young man and thc
police aro bu Hied.
- A physician is authority for tho
statement that Miss Carrie Sawney,
of Bogers, Ark., has just completed a
fast of 48 days. She weighed 240
pouuds and fasted to loso flesh. Sho
fell off 40 pounds.
- Just soberinsr from a week's
drunk, Capt, Jno. Flowers, a wealthy
citizen of Palmo Sala, Fla., shot and
fatally wounded his adopted son, aged
18, slightly wouuded another young
man and then committed suicide.
- E. E. Mangum, a prominent citi
zen, WUK shot and killed on Thursday
by Prof. J. E. Woodward, principal
of tho high school at Magee, Miss.
Mangum attacked Woodward for hav
ing whipped ono of his boys at school.
- Sluson Thompson in tho Outlook
says that 180 persons were killed in
labor strikes between January, 1002,
and June, 1004, and 1,001 were injured.
Of tho killed 110 were non union men,
51 were union men and K> were officers
of tho law.
- Alva Adams, of Colorado, Demo
cratic candidato for governor iu tho
late election, has lost 1,182 of his
plurality of 5,275 by the action of the
Supreme Court in ordering the elec
tion committee to eliminate five pre
cincts from tho returns. His plurality
in the State, however, still stands at
- Miss Jane Adams, of Hull
House, delivered the convocation
address to thc winter graduatiuir class
of the University of Chicago, Decem
ber 20. She is thc first woman ever
invited by the university authorities
to act as convocation orator.
- The agricultural department han
rented twenty acres ucar Yula City,
Cal., and the University of California
will experiment there with all kinds
of wheat, barley, oats and rv e. Two
other experimental stations will bc es
tablished North and South.
- A steel bridge, 42 years old,
broke down in Charleston, West Vir
ginia, last week* and tumbled to tho
frozen river below. Several teams
and two or three dozen school chil
dren were on it. The bridge went
through the ice. Several persona wero
- Moro than 22,821,293 acres of
the public lands were turned over to i
private individuals last year. This
means that an area almost cqoial to
that of the State of Indiana has with
in that time been added to the produc
tive regions of the United States.
Most of those oponed lauds were homo
steaded by farmers.
- The gross proceeds of the annual
sale of merchandise articles by tho
dead letter office, which was concluded
Saturday evening last, was $8,360.35.
This was the largest amount ever real
ized from a salo of this character.
Afror deducting thc accessary expen
ses thc remainder will be turned into
the treasury to the credit of the mis
cellaneous fund of the department.
- Tho president has dismissed two
more letter carriers from service-one
in New York, tho other in Now Hamp
shire. Doth were officers in tho
National Letter Carriers Association
and during tho recent campaign sent
circular letters to candidates for Con
gress urging legislation in favor of
higher pay for carriers and demand
ing that the candidates so pledge
.- The proposition to make IS years
the age limit for admission to the
Knights of Pythias of tho world,
which was submitted to and passed at
thc last session of thc supreme con
vention of that order, has been ap
proved by Charles K. Shively, the
supreme chancellor. Under the pro
visions nf thc constitution the pro
posed amendment will now go to thc?
various graud lodges for action.
- Senat ir Fairbauks is already in
the field for the Presidential nomi
nation in 1?US, says a New York Her
ald special. Thero is a Fairbanks
literary bureau in Indianapolis, fully
organized and hard at work, and tb^e
Senator has a programme to make
every speech he can. Ile will accept
all invitations, and thus far has made
a very fair record. Every speech of
thc Senator's is sent out in full from
the Indianapolis headquarters, and
otherwise his personality is being ex
To See the Prettiest and
Most Complete Line of
Ever shown in Anderson, at Prices
that DEFY COMPETITION, come to
i The Racket Store.
<f> *y V V y y y y iy y W^TW^WWW W^WWW ? ? ^ V ?
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and values in Goods are arriving daily that prove _to_the
most fastidious dressers the rca alt of careful selections, j
See our Stock of the Celebrated- /
Strouse & Bros. High Art
FALL AND WINTER
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A new and complete line of
Men's, Women's and Children's, at prices unequalled else
We extend to all a cordial invitation to visit our Stores,
inspect our Goods, and be convinced that what we say is true.
Successor to Horn-Bass G?.,
110,116,120, East Benson St?.Anderson, S. C