Newspaper Page Text
^ Scenes of Cowpens,
and ICings M oun
,1. Leaiacks Stokes, I>. I
It has been our rare good fortune t<?
,'i?it three famous bottle grouuds the
^a&t year, and we glaily share the in
terest and pleasure they have afforded
with the readers of The News and
We were returniug by private con
reyancu from a trip to the blue Ridge
Mouvtaios, and had spent the night
it beautiful Tryon, N. C, when wc
struck "the old battleground road" to
Saffney. We did not at once catch
the significance of the name. We
had seen the line monument to tho
'leroes of Cowpens at Spartanburg, wo
knew of the town of Cowpens on the
Southern Railway, and wero under
the impression that the famous bat
tlefield was much to our right. But
. presently we learned that we would
I pass within a hundred yards of it on
the same highway, just seven miles
from GaiTney, and not quite sixteen
' from Spartanburg. This used to be
in old Spartanburg County, however,
until it'foll within the limits of tho
-new county of Cherokee.
\We drove upon the ground with
' .-nany memories thronging through us.
We had but recently read MoCrady,
and tho circumstances of Morgan's
splendid victory were comparatively
But Guroly one gathers but little
enthusiasm'from the present appear
ances of the field. It Was seventy
fivn rcorl afto. tilC battle ?S 1856,
that the Washington Light Infantry,of
Charleston, held a notable celebration
at this plaoe. A oareful survey was
.made of the .ground and ao nearly as
^possible the exact spot located whore
Tarleton's Legion had first been
' checked by Col. William Washington.
Hero the old monument was erected.
&t was "composed of a rough granite
block, selected from tbo field itself,
^(as abase) and in it was inserted a
-white marble Blab, bearing these
THE MEMORIAL SHAFT.
This monument was ereoted
*3y tho Washington Light Infantry,
Capt. L. M. Hatch, April, 1856.
On this rose an ootagonal pillar,
-shout four foot in height, made of
?concr?te, tbo shelU of whioh wore
gathered near Fort Moultrie, and a
thick marble slab, of the samo shape,
surmounted tho whole, whoso several
sides bore the following inscription:
The Washington Light Infantry, of
S\> whose custody the widow of Wil
liam Washington entrusted
.His banner, visited this Battlefield
'And.again waved over it the Sag
Borne by him on that occasion.
Fort Moultrie. King's Mountain,
Eutaw Springs, our heritage,
a ivav uOi
To the victors of Cowpens; We enjoy
the Result of their struggle. Let
us Emulate tho virtues whioh
From the centre of tho pedestal
lowered up a fluted iron shaft, capped
by a ball, on whioh rested a gilded
-eagle with oxtended wings. In the
interior of the monument wero depos
ited a bottle of Eutaw Spring water,
a brick from the house where the
British took-refugo on that hotly con
tested day, the roll of the officers and
' members of tho company present, and
a pamphlot, desoriptive of the battle,
tfrom Dr. Joseph Johnson's narra
The accompanying pioture gives a
good idea of this elegant and unique'
>Bnt alas! for the ravages of time,
and tho still more oruel ravages of the
relic hunterl In a little oleared space
stands the remains of the monument.
.The ball and eagle are gone. The
tinted column is out of plum and the
marble slab has been so chipped and
' defaced that not a single name can be
-Copt. Charles Petty, the veteran
. 'journalist of Spartanburg, writes us:
" "Seme time after the monument was
- -ereoted the oitieons of Spartanburg
placed a neat and strong iron railing
?round it. Daring the v. ar the iron
./being of good quality, was appropria
ted to. make horse shoes. The con
crete seotioo went to pieces. The
?eagle was used to prop a gate the year
cafter the war I have been told: The
MBitisens of Cherokee had a celebration
?there a few years ago, and restored
<the monument in ootne sort of fash
In 1881, one hnndrod years after
. the 'battle, the ' hwdsom'e monument
I was unveiled in tho oity of Spartan
s' burg. This hAs tended, we fear, to
h ?uro the attention of ou? people from
* the battleground 'itself. It should not
?uford-s .TVTassacre !
tain, till in South
)., in News and Courier.
| stored, ho fence replaced, and irees
I and flowers plantod on the sacred
I spot. We need too mach such io
| spiratioa in theeo materialistic days,
to let it be unmarked, or worse still,
marked by neglect!
It was one of the loveliest of Octo
ber days that found the Jtcv. W. H.
Hodges and myself on our way from
Lancaster to the scene of this most
brutal of all Tarleton's engagements
with the Americans. McCrady, us
I ually so accurate, erroucously places
it in tho Waxhaws, but it is quite out
side of that famous valley, some
twelve or fifteen miles from tho old
Waxhaw Church, and ten miles east
of the town of Lancaster. It was to
the old church, however, that many
of the wounded were taken, and, some
of them, nursed back to life.
Foremost among the good women
who oared for them was tho 18-year
old Martha Gaston, and r. married sis
ter whose name unfortunately has' not
McCrady says that in this d?plora
bio affair Tarleton sought to deceive
Buford by sending him a summons to
surrender. In fact his numbers were
double that of the Colonists, but he
greatly magnified oven hia aotual force
in ordor to strike terror into the hearts
of the little band, and all this while
he was making every preparation to
fall upon them.
The monument is in good state of
I preservation. It is about ten feet in
i height, base of red granite, aud a
shaft of light colored marble. It
stands in tho edgo of a grove of short
leaf pines, just a few yards from the
old Rooky River and Charleston road.
An enclosure of rough rooks, piled ir
regularly some two feet high, and
forming a paraellogram of eight by ten
feet, keeps sacred the grave of near
one hundred of these gallant, but ill
On the east side of the monument
we read "Nearly the entire command
of Col. Bufo/d were either killed or
wounded. Eighty-four gallant sol
diers are buried in the grave. They
left their homes for Charleston, but
hearing in Camden of the surrender of
that city, wero returning. Hore their
lives were ended in the service of
On the south face: "Erected to the
memory and in honor of the brave and
patriotio American soldiers who fell in
the battle at this plate on the 29tb of
May, 1780, between Col. Abraham
Buford, who oommanded a regiment
of 350 Virginians, and Col. Tarleton,
of the British army, with 250 oaval
The west face is blank. On the
north ia inscribed: '"The cruelty and
barbarous massaore committed on this
oocasion by Tarleton and his com
mand after the surronder of Col. Bu
ford and his regiment, originated the
Amerioan war ery! 'Remember Tar
leton's quarters.' A British historian
confessed at the battle, 'The virtue of
humanity was totally forgot.' "
From our homo in York ville, S. C.,
the higher peaks of King's Mountain,
notably the "Pinnacle," can bo plain
ly seen, but it was only quite reoently
that we had ihe opportunity of mak
ing a general and somewhat oareful
survey of the old battleground. It
was on a glorious November day, the
deep blue over head, the woods per
fectly gorgeous in their dress of yel
low and orange and many shades of
red, and the air braeing, that the Rev.
Otis A. Jeffooat and the writer drove
to this spot.
We had long desired ouch an oppor
tunity. No one can live among these
hills of old York without feeling a
touch of tho patriotic fervor that has
kept the memory of this struggle fresh
and influential. This Seotoh-Irish
region is tenacious of its glorious
Eighteen miles brought us at last to
a little brook, ''a branch of Clarke's
Fork of Bnlloek's Cr?ek," where a
worn, disfigured, and never pretentious
monument arrests our attention* It ia
immediately upon the roadside, just
opposite the mountain spur upon
which the battlo was fought. We
got down and reverently handled this
eooient.atone, and did ,?)nr best to de
btor the iuBoriptionS. -upon it, but
could make littla of them. We oame
to the conclusion that surely this
stone must have been placed hero
more as a guide post than a monu
ment} simply to indicate to the passer
by that he is near historic ground.
Draper, however, wo afterwards
learn, tells us that inl815 Dr. William
MoLoan, of Linooln County, N. C,
had a day set apart to gather the scat
tered bones of those, both British and
American, who had fallen in the
fight.. It scorns ih?)f'had been but
the^Myand ?nsur?oiently interred, an
\ the , graves were soon vyiolaWd;' b
wolves, and tho bones left to bleach
upon the mountain. Under Dr. Mo
Loan's direction these were now inter
red a second lime by the side of the
little stream, and this monument sut
up at the good doctor's expense. ThiB
is given as the inscription of which no
little remains: "Sacred to the memory
of Major William Chronicle, Capt.
John Mattocks, William llobb and
John Byrd, who were killed at this
plaoo on the 7th cf October, 1780,
fighting iu defense of America." This
on the Kast aide. On the West:
"Col. Ferguson, an officer of his Bri
tanio Majesty, was defeated and
killed at this plaoe on the 7th of Oc
Hut still we thiuk that one reason
at least for the location cf this
monument on tho roadside was to
attract tho traveller's attention.
Tho battle was fought upon the
mountain. It was not far away, how
ever. Walking straight up the moun
tainside from the little stream, in
about one hundred and fifty yards we
come to two granite slabs They lie.
prone some eight or ten feet apart,
thrown carelessly upon tho ground.
They have not been placed in position,
we are told.
They are inscribed respectively,
"Hero Col. Ferguson fell, October 1,
1780," and "Here Col. Ferguson was
buried." As they lie they do not, of
coursa, indicate exactly, but certainly
approximately, the spots intended to
Cliubing the mountain still further,
and going along its crest, in all some
six or seven hundred yards, we reaoh
the rather imposing monument erected
These are the inscriptions upon it,
on tho east, oo,uth, west and north
faoe respectively: "Here, on the 7th
oT Ootobor, A. D., 1780, the British
forces, commanded by Col. Patrick
Ferguson, were met and totally defeat
ed by Campbell, Shelby, Williams,
Cleveland, Scvier and their herole
followers from Virginia, the Carolioas
Tennessee." "Fell on this battle
ground, in defence of civil liberty,
Col. James Williams, Major William
Chronicle, Capts. John Mattocks, Da
vid Beatie, William Edmondson,
First Lieuts. Beece, Bowen, Thomas,
MoCulloch, William Blackburn, Bob
ert Edmondson, second Lieuts. John
Beatie, Andrew Edmondson, Humber
son Lyon, James Curry, James Laird,
Nathaniel Guist, Nathaniel Dryden,
Jamoo Phillips; Privates William
Babb, John Boyd, David Duff, Henry
Herigan,' William Watson, Arthur
Patterson, Preston Goforth." "In
memory of the patriotic Americans,
who participated in the battle of
King's Mountain this monument is
erected by therr grateful descend
ants.'' "Here the tide of battle
turned in favor of the American col
This fine memorial was* unveiled
with imposing centennial servioes, no
table in whioh was an eloquent address
by Senator John W. Daniel, of Vir
ginia. This was the third oelebration
on tho famous field; the one in 1815
already referred to, the seventy-fifth
anniversary in 1855, when Gen. John
S. Preston was the orator of the day.
The venerable William Campbell Pres
ton and the historian, George Ban
croft, graced the latter occasion. Now
Senator Daniel Bpoke at the centen
nial, patriotic poems by Paul H.
Hay ne and Mrs. Clara Dargan Mo
Lean were read, and a vast assembly
from many States gave a truly Ameri
can oast to the commemoration.
The monument is 18 feet square at
base, and 28 feet high. The oorner
Btooe was laid by the Hon. . A. T.
Smythe at the head of the Masonic
Order in South Carolina.
King's Mountain was named for a
Mr. King. This is, at least, the
mo6t probable derivation of the name.
It is a range some 20 miles long,
quite detached from, but running par-'
allel with the Blue Bidge, and cutting
across the line between North and
South Carolina. Only one of its
heights may be called * "peak," the
quite imposing "Pinnaolo" that rises
in full yiew of the battle ground,
some six or seven miles to the north
The ridge upon whioh the battle
was fought is in York County, 8. O.,
about one and a half miles from tho
State line. It is scarcely more than ?
half mile in length and from 30 to 50
yards in width, rising some 75 feet
above the surrounding country. The
old monument is just beyond its
eastern extremity. The monument of
1880 is not far from its western
terminus and on its highest ground.
Ferguson, was encamped upon the
eastern and widest part of the ridge.
He h cd a force of about 900 Tories,
thoroughly disciplined under British
-army regulations. Here ho awaited
the American Colonists, profanely"
discounting the possibility of his be
The yatriots came in, with about
equal foreo, from the west, halted on
th? old Qaarry road, not far from tho
crossing of King's Cieok, . at about 3
o'clock in the afternoon, and dividing
their forces, defiled to right stud left
of the mountain. Those taking the
right orousing the westorn extremity
of ; ihe ridge within a few yards of,
I wUere the large monument now sts&ds.
Tho plan was to chyolopo Ftrguson
completely and attack simultaneously
but the first and heaviest blows were
delivered at almost the eawe mome?t
from the southwest aud northwest.
The british fought aunt gallantly as
is well known, but as tboy beat back,
at the first, the western' a;tacks, the
investment of the mouutsin had beon
completed, ?ud fresh assaults came
from tho sido of the b'.ook and tho old
A distinguished Fronch officer says
that Ferguson showed genius in his
choice of a battle ground, aud that no
other plan of battio could have suc
ceeded. This may be true from tho
standpoint of technical taetios, but it
is clear that Ferguson misunderstood
tho "gjniua" of his opponents, who
touk the very plan that most naturally
suggested iteclf to these hardy back
woodsmen. In true frontier style
they availed themselves of every pos
sible cover, and step by step they
closed in. In tiutb, in hunters'
phrase, they had FcrgUBon "treed.''
It was all over in an hour. Wood
craft and the deadly Deokbard rifle
had won the day. It is no disparage
ment of tho gallant leaders to put it
so. They planned well, and set the
oxainplo of noble heroism, but this
was not even "a oaptain's fight,"
it was "a marksmen's fight," and
the glory belongs to all who took
Already the question of the cole
brat ion of tho 125th anniversary of
the battle, in the fall of this year, is
being agiiated. Much remains to be
done, indeed, before we have acquitted
our debt to our gallant ancestors, the
heroes of King's Mountain. The
whole ground?not large?should be
cnolonod; plaoes should be more defi
nitely marked; a keeper should be
in charge of tho park, and tourists
encouraged to visit the field by mak
ing a trip here at oooe pleasant and
We trust t" at all this may be in
cluded in the proposed one-hundred
and twenty fifth anniversary com
JAPAN AND RUSSIA.
General Miles -Thinks Europe May
Intervene in Far East.
Everything must have an end and
wars are no exception to the rule.
They have prevailed from the earliest
history of man down to the present
time, either in the defense of the
right or to enforce, the wrong.
The same international questions
rarely ever involve the same two na
tions in mortal conflict, and still more
rarely have two nations ever been en
gaged upon the same field of battle,
yet war haa continued in some parts
of the world and possibly must con
tinue for an indefinite time in the
Our Indian wars lasted for nearly
four centuries. As every great bet
tie, or prolonged siege, or desperate
war has an end, possibly we may be
fortunate onough to jif-? to witness
the olose of the great drama of death
and the dawn of a brighter era, the
morning of a new day of civilization.
Ancient wars devastated countries,
destroyed peoples and raqes, "yet they
were no more expensive in life and
treasure than recent wjurs, with the
The terrible slaughter and sacrifice
that has been carried on by two pow
erful nations during the past eleven
months has been uncqualed in ferocity,
and rarely, if ever, excelled in skillful
strategy, grand tactics aad heroio sao
There have been more lives lost in
the small area of Port Arthur than in
the two great battles of Waterloo and
Gettysburg, and the burden upon the
two nations that have to supply?Jthe
great fleets and powerful armies, with
the unpreoendented cost of armament
and munitions of v?#r, if it does not
bankrupt, must impoverish those two
nations for the next 100 years.
Possibly it is best that this war
should continue, in all its exhausting,
destructive terror*, until the world
has received soon a terrible lesson
and been' so severely shocked by the
intelligence of auch a combat, that the
better angels of onr nature will turn
to more reasonable and humane ulosb*
ores,for the arbitrament of interna
tional controversies. v
While war may bring out the strong,
heroic eleiucutd of our ; nature, yet .
the resuit is simply the saorifice of
hundreds Of thousands of tho young
men of both nations in a conflict last
ing for months or years, and then after
this sacrifice, the international ques
tions are sottled by peaceful measures,
either agreed to by the contending
parties, or dictated by other and im
partial powers, of the world.
In visiting th? different countries
of tho Orient, within a short time, I
was impressed by seeing-the flags of
different naltoi? flying over the soil
of the great Chinese empire. The
general impression giyevi to the world
was that they were protecting
"spheres of commercial influence,"
but it was practically, a peaceful mili
6?j of the great empire^ and so long
as that undcraittudirig prevailed amena;
the foreign^ poworsj tho occupation
continued, andwoul<i ultiin?.^ly have
absorbed that eutiro country, occupied
by 400,000,000 of the human race.
Two strong nations, ono an Asiatic,
and the other a Europoun power, hav?.
i:omo into conflict over a controversy
concerning the small territory of Man
churia. Now, whether that conflict
shall continue until the European
power ia humiliated and crashed, and
the physical strength, not oaly of Ja*
pan, bub of China, is aroused from
its dormant condition, possibly to re
poat the history of 1,000 yasrs ago,
or whether the European powers that
aro 10 closely allied to Russia in race,
religion and oomnietcial interests,
shall become involved, is a question
to bo determined within the next few
The continuation of such a war re
quires the supplying of both nations
with vast financial resources. Tho
bonds of Russia are largely held in
Holland, Germany and France. If
this exhaustive enterprise is to be
continued by Russia and it should re
sult in ber final humiliation and finan
cial embarrassment, tho efleot would
be most serious, if not disastrous, to
the nations on the continent of Eu
Again, should the Baltic fleet con
tinue its courue and succeed in de
stroying the Japanese navy, not only
would the army of Manohuria be prac
tically prisoners, but Japan would bo
entirely at the mercy of Rasaia.
Should it meet with disaster or be
reoalled, there will be nothing to pre
vent Japan, acting on the very short
line of communication, occupying
Manchuria with an army of such great
magnitude that it will be impossible
to dislodge it.
As the friendly disinterested, im
partial powers have interfersdshereto
f ore in the settling of war between two
contending nations, especially that
between Turkey and Greeoe, and to
some extent influenced the aotion nf
Spain in our own con diet, it is not
unlikely that they will be prompted
in the interests of humanity and the
peace of the world, to very soon take
measures to end this conflict.
Wars are seldom anticipated; they
frequently close when and in a way
least expected.?Gen. Nelson A.
Miles, in Atlanta Journal.
HE above picture of the
man and fish is the trade
mark of Scott's Emulsion,
and is the synonym for
strength and purity, Itis'sold
in almost all the civilized .coun
tries cf the globe.
If the cod fish became extinct
it would be a world-wide calam
ity, because tho oil that comes
from its liver surpasses'all other
faits ia nourishiug and life-giving
properties. Thirty vears ago
the proprietors of Scott's Emul
sion found a way of preparing
cod liver oil so that everyone can
take it and get the full value of
the oil without thfc objectionable
tOBte. Scott's Emulsion is the
best thing in the world for weak,
back ward children, thh?, delicate
and all conditions of
.wanting and lost strength. 4
Send for free aampf?.
SCOTT & BOWKB, ClXE^nSTS
*OS>-118 ?SA?5I. ?D?W ?OBK '
?te. end$1.00. All. dru??lats.
I?-.? ' ' -m , ;
Your accounts cannot well la a tan
gle it yout money la dspoaued with a&4
all g*ayua?ato made througb the?
Lean and Tins
??jl i Anderson, S. C. ..
It la oor hnatncai to toko care at your
bu?lue*?-*U banking p*r* or it?anti we
do It -wttflx aocura?y thus comoa from ax
^U^Bank's paM h?tory la a guaranty
? Dalits of any fcmonrit rocoH*?d.
Eft^a E^a EDa
diseases of the skin.
Wo bave lately secured the agency for this city and vicinity of a preparation which
is reliable and certain in clearing away troubles of the skin. Many forms of skin
affections which have been considered incurable are conquered oy this medicament as
easily as a cough is stopped by the proper soothing and healing influences. This
preparation is now in use among skin specialists, and many large hospitals have
adopted it for eczema and kindred cases. It stands among the most useful medical
agents now known.
We have evidence of its work to show which will interest any sufferer. Call and
investigate same. ?iuce we have been handling the remedy?known as D, D. D.?its
work proves so effective we guarantee its efficacy. In all cases of sk^a affection we will
refund th? price of a bottle ($1) if the sufferer does not consider it literally a Godsend'
after trying. It is curing the worst kind of cases every day. It seams a pity any onu
should suffer the torture of skin troubles when so dependable a curative agent can b?
had so cheaply
FOB SALE BY EVANS PHARMACY.
EVANS' LIVER AND KIDNEY PILLS!
D. S. VANDIV8R. - J. J. MAJOR. B. P. VANMVKB.
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR,
-DEALERS IN ?
OABRIAGES, -:- BUGGIES,
We want a chance to sell yon that New Buggy during
this year, and have some choice ones to show yon.
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
WHY BUY FERTILIZERS
Made by foreign companies, when yon have a factory at
home which is turning out the Best Goods
sold on this market I
>: We have a Faotory tbat is up-to-date in all respects, equipped .with: the
iG3t mo clem machinery and appliances.
Wo buy the highest grade blood, phoBphase rock, and all other ingre
dienf* that go into tho manipulation of our Goods are of the best : quality,
all of which are under the personal care , and attention of our Superinten
dent, who is one of the beat FertiHzer-makers in the South. ^ISI^fM
We can furnish you any grade of goods that you wialr^Ainmoniated
Fertilisers, Acid Phosphates, Blood -Groano, Nitsate of Soda, Muriate of
Potash or Kainit.
We invite comparison of analyses of our goods with' any others on the
We also lefer you to some of the largest fermera in the country, who
have been using our goods in the past with the best results.
We have Agents a\t ^very Station in Upper CaroHoa, and we would Ite
glad for you to call on them for piicea.
We sell in the course of a year about one million
ind Eidney Pills.
X>0 "STOTJ TJSES TIIEIM. ?
Phone 182. ' ? ?
iHDERSOH PHOSPHITE iND Oil CI
We are in a position to put on High ?r&defBubber Tim
with good service, and prices to correspond with Rubberbe*
fore it made a bounce. ^ A ^? o.?,^^?*^ ?
f?B SOTJTBPS QEBATSBT SYSTEM f
5V*.fnU iAuafttfrm as io rate*'routes, ?te.,. cmii??' n.^tvx Soutferj,
?AUway .^?'A^fe. or-;. :