Newspaper Page Text
IMr. -A . O. Spalding T.
Id an address before the Young
Men's Christian Association training
school at Spriogficld, Mass., recently,
A. G. Spalding, the foremost author
ity on the subject in the country,
epoke upon "The Origin and Early
History of Base Ball." His talk con
tained much heretofore unpublished
history, and is reproduced in part as
"While there is more or less of a
family resemblance in all games of
ball, I consider base ball quite as
much American ia its origin, develop
ment and evolution as cricket is of
English origin, both beiug recognized
as the national games in their respec
tive countries, Some authorities
claim that base ball came from the
o?d English juvenile game of 'roun
ders,' but I am decidedly of tho opin
ion that it was a national evolution
from the old Colonial game of 'one
old cat.' 'One old cat,' was played
by three boys?a thrower, a catcher
and batsman. The latter, after strik
ing the ball, ran to a goal about 30
feet distant, and, by returning to
the batsman's position without being
put out, counted one run or 'tally.' "
"New York city may properly be
called the home of baseball, for it was
first played in that city in 1842, but
in a desultory sort of way, and with
out any organisation or printed play
ing rules. In 1845 the first base ball
clab was organized in New York city,
known as tho Knickerbockers, and
this club formulated and published
the first rules of the game in that year.
Five years later the Gotham Club, of
New York, was organized, and i.i 1864
the Eagles and Empires, of New York,
came into the game, and matches be
tween these clubs were played on the
Elysian Fields of Hoboken, N. J.,
and attracted considerable publia in
interest. The Knickerbocker Club
continued to make rules of tlx. game
until 1857, when a convention of ball
players was held in New York city,
which resulted in the permanent or
ganisation, in 1858, of the National
Association of Baseball Players, con
sisting of twenty-five charter olub
members, all from New York city and
immediate vicinity. This association
made the playing rnles and govorned
the game until 1871, when the first
National Association of professional
base ball players was organised, and
einoe that time the professional ele
ment has formulated the playing rules
and governed the game.
"Base ball olnbs continued to mul
tiply quite rapidly from the organi
sation of the National Amateur Asso
ciation, in 1858, to the breaking out |
of the Civil war, in 1861, but the
game up to this time wqb confined al
most entirely to New York oity and
immediate vioinity. The New York
soldiers introduced their now base
ball game into the army, and it soon
beoame a favorite oamp pastime in
both armies. While those two mag
nificent armies of the North and South
could not agree upon national polioies
of government, both could agree on
base ball, and at the close of the war
the soldiers of both Armies carried tho
game, to everv town and hamlet in the
United States, and in 1865-66 base
ball beoame a furor throughout the
country. So it will be seen that base
ball has its patriotio side, and was
one of the direct results of the Civil
wiir, and the game can date its birth
as the national game of the United
States from that war.
"I am indebted for my first ac
quaintance with base ball to a dis
abled Illinois soldier returning from
the war in 1863, when, as a lad of 13,
I listened to his aooount of base ball
as played in the oamp, and under this
old soldier's coaching I beoame a mem
ber of a boy's olub in Hocf;ford, 111.,
whioh I believe was one of the first
base ball olubs organized in the West.
From 1865 to 1876 base ball olubs
sprang up everywhere, and the rivalry
between oities beoame intense. The
National Club of Washington was the
first Eastern olub to make an extend
ed trip through the West, in 1867,
and met with one defeat, and that at
the hands of the Bookford Club, of
whioh I had the honor to be the pitch
er. The result of this game was the
indirect cause of my afterward be
coming a professional player.
"Every effort was made at this
period to keep the game on an amateur
basis, but the rivalries between oities
I beoame'so intense, and the demsnd of
tho public for high-class ball so ur
gent, that it was utterly impossible
to keep the game on a atriotly amateur
plane. Veiled professionalism be
came the order of the day, and. while
the am at uer siatus was i nsi ited/. upon
;:ijB/??;r.ul?i^;;,yp?nig men posses^ of
skill as ball pbyers were offered lucra
tive posi ti^^OY^ommeroial ''booses,
with the un??Tst?nding . that they
Njbuld play baie ball all they .wanted
to;yet a large patt of th??r salaries
ells of Origin and IDe
! was provided by the local club or some
of its enthusiastic members. This so
railed amateurism or veiled profes
sionalism was in general vogue
throughout the country, and itbecamo
so intolerable to players and club
officials that it finally resulted in the
organization of the National Associa
tion of Professional Base Ball Play
ers in 1^71. From that date base ball
playing has been recognized as a regu
lar profession, and the game has since
been under the management and con
trol of regularly organized professional
clubs, handed together in associations
"The game advanced and prospered
at first under this new regime, hut in
the early seventies a dark cloud grad
ually mado its appearance on the haso
ball horizon, caused by the demoraliz
ing influences that always follow ex
tensive gambling ou athletic events or
sports of any kind. Every large city
had its base ball pool room, and near
ly every grounds had its betting pavil
ion. Thousands of dollars were wager
ed on all important matches, and it 1
was no unusual sight to soo players in
uniform making bets with men in the
audience. The attendtnoo dropped 1
away, and the base ball grounds in sev
eral of the largo oities beoame simply '
an exchange for the gamblers to carry 1
on their business. In 1375 these con
ditions beoame intolerable, profes
sionale base ball was at death's door,
and many prodioted its ultimate col- 1
lapse. In this crisis an incident arose !
that resulted in an entire reorganiza
tion of base ball government, and, an
usually happens, a man equal to the
emergency appeared in tho person of
William "A. IIalbert, afterward presi
dent of tho Chicago Club.
"Tho latter part of June, 1875, it
became publicly known that White,
MoVey, Barnes and myself of the Bos
ton team generally known as the first
'big four,' and Anson and Suttou of
tho Philadelphia Atheletios had sign
ed with the Chicago Club for 1870.
It created a great sensation in the
base ball world, and, under the then
existing rules, threats of expulsion
were freely made, and probably would
have been carried out at the next an
nual meeting of the old Association,
to be held in March, 1876. This situ
ation gave Hulbert his opportunity,
and while the offioials of the old As
sociation, under whose management
the game had suffered suoh a setbaok,
were airing their intention of expell
ing the above-named players, Hulbert
was quietly at work formulating plans
to organise a new association to sup
plant the old. Mr. Hulbert had little
difficulty in bringing the four Western
olubs?St. Louis, Cincinnati,'Louis
ville and Chicago?into this revolu
tionary scheme, and after this was
quietly aeoomplished Mr. Hulbert
sent a personal invitation to the presi
dents of the four Eastern clubs to
meat him at the Grand Centrai Hotel
in New York oity on February 7,1876,
with the result that then and 'there
was organized the National League of
Professional Base Ball Clubs, with
Ex-GovernorBulkeley, of Connecticut*
as its first president and N. E. Young
KILLS GERMS OF CATARRH.
Hyomei Goca to tho Root of the Dis
ease and Makes Astonishing Cures.
Catarrh cannot be cured by the
use of pills, liquid medjoines and so
called system tonics. Under suoh
treatment the germs of tho disease
will still live in tho air passages and
inorease and multiply.
Hyomei is the only scientific and
thorough way to ouro oatarrh. Kill
ing the germs in the air passages, it
enters the blood with tho oxygen, de
stroys the miorobsB in the blood and
effectually drives from the system all
traces of oatarrhal poison.
Thousands of testimonials have
been given as to the astonishing cures
made by this remedy.
Mrs. Le Rendu, 76 Western Avenue
Cleveland, Ohio, writes: "I believe
Hyomei saved my life. I am better
now than I have been in thirty years.
Many doctors, both in England and
France, treated me for oatarrh, "but
I was not ourcd until I used Hyo
Probably the strongest evidenoe
that can be offered as to the powers
of Hyomei to ouro oatarrh is the fact
that Evans Phannsoy will agree to re
food the money if you say Hyomei
has not cured you.
The complete Hyomei outfit costs
hut $1.00, consisting of an inhaler,
dropper and sufficient Hyomei to last
several weeks, 'this will effect a cure
in ordinary cases, but for chronic
and deep-seated cases of catarrh long
er use. may be necessary, and then
extra bottles of Hyomei eau be obtain
ed for 50o.
To the Kditorof The News and Cou
rier: The average cotton farmer is
the only average farmer in the world
who does not make an effort to got an
income from land without ploughing
it. The cotton farmers want to plough
too much. Just plough, plough and
plough all the time.
The no-fence law in South Carolina
seems to have knocked out every speck
of sense the average farmer ever pos
sessed about making something out of
his grass land.
Many people up here expect to sec
cotton sell for 5 cents this fall. They
figure that with 2,500,000 bales carried
over in the next crop that the acreage
will not be reduced enough to prevent
very low prices. The acreage in cot
ton never has been reduced much un
til it has sold at a very low price du
ring the fall.
A great many farmers all over the
cotton belt sold nearly all their cotton
for 0 1-2 to 10 1-2 cents. Such farm
ers as these will go to the "reduce
cotton acreage" meetings and go home
and plant more than they did last
The farmers who have cotton on
hand now will reduce their acresge,
some of them fifteen to twenty-five
per cent, but when you go to figuring on
west of the Mississippi River and the
Mississippi Valley rcduoing the cot
ton acreage muoh you will likely be
So unless South Carolina farmers
oan make Borne money at six cent cot
ton I would do like the mills did at
fifteen cent-cotton. I would close
down. I road in a Texas paper that
many farmers had more ploughing
done to date for next orop than ever
I think it would be better to sow
Borne alfalfa and raise some good hogs.
That is very cheap food for hogs,
and if you take care of it all right
you can feed them during the entire
Now, Mr. Farmer, I thought it might
do you a favor to post you that the
North is expecting five-cent ootton
next fall. F. H. Young.
Chicago, January 7.
Would You Carry Youth Into Age?
Expect a good, long, useful life.
Hold young thoughts persistently.
Simply refuse to grow old by count
ing your years or anticipating old
One of the best preventives of age
is enthusiasm and interest in affairs
of the day.
Keep in the sunlight; nothing beau
tiful or sweet grows or ripens in the
Avoid fear in all its varied forms of
expression; it is the greatest enemy of
the human "ace.
Natur? is the great rejuvenator;
her spirit is ever young. Live with
her; study her; love her.
Avoid excesses of all kinds; they
injurious. The long life must be a
temperate, regular life.
Contemplate beauty in all its forms
and you will drive, everything that is
ugly out of your life.
Keep mental cobweba, dust and
brain ashes brushed oft by frequent
trips to the oountry, or by travel.
Don't allow yourself to think, on
youf birthday, that you are a year
older, and so muoh nearer the end. .
Never look on the dark side, take
sunny views of everything; a sunny
thought drives away the shadows. '
Be a ohild, live simply and natural
ly, and keep dear of .entangling alli
ances and complications of all kinds.
Cultivate the spirit of contentment;
all discontent and dissatisfaction
bring age-furrows prematurely to the
Keep your mind young by fresh,
vigorous thinking, and ynnr heart
sound by oukivaiiug a ohoerful,
Don't live to eat, but eat to live..
Many of our ills are due to over eat
ing, to eating the wrong things and to
A Soottiah gillie was invited by the
laird to take a pull at his flask after
gaffing the first fish of the day, says
"I oanna trink oot a bottle," pro
tested tho gillie, with a frown of dis
"Aweel, try, Sandy," said the laird,
enoouragingly. And Sandy tried?-,
tried so thoroughly that the laird
gated in mingled awe and admiration
as the whiskey gurgled and gurgled
out of the fiask down the swarthy
throat, until, with scarce a heel tap
left in it, the "pooket pistol" was
handed baok* to the owner. .
? "Hoot, Sandy, maybe yo were
rioht?maybo ye oanna trink oot of
a bottle," gasped the laird, with a
mighty sigh, "but, eh, moo, yo'd soon
Il f TT
~ At Owenoboro, Ky., Rev. Wi
Armer.was found guilty of the m
dor of his son and sentenced to. twe
ty-ono years in the penitentiary. His
son was 21 years old and is epid to
have been killed by his father be
sause be had gone to work for a far
mer and had refused to return home.
? A lot of uncivil men hold office
ander civil service appointment*.
The Agent Didn't Knew.
There are today boiuc thousands of
varieties of life iDsurauee policies,
each of which has a technical Dame
au? is capable of beiug made quite
unintelligible to the average mau.
Some unscrupulous agents trade ou
this; many do not really understand
the meaning of terms themselves, but
have learned their lesson parrot like,
and most of them apparently find it
unnecessary to describo in plain p]ng
lish to those about to ir.sure what they
are contracting for. The result is a
mass of misinformation and confusion
about the whole subject.
For instauce, an agent was trying
to insure an editor on some new plan.
The editor had a-theof that nay fact
cou'd be put into plain, everyday Eog
lish, if the man behiu-i the fact really
knew what he was talking about. Af
ter listening to an involved row of
"premiums," "deferred dividends,"
"cash surrender values," and "option
al choices," he said gravely:
"See here; I djo't understand what
you're talking about. But I'll tell
you what I'll do. If you'll write that
proposition out in ordinary English,
bo that an ordinary man can under
stand it, I'll not only take the policy,
but I'll publish the explanation as an
article and pay you a hundred dollars
"Will I? Sure, I will," exclaimed
the overjoyed agent, thinking he had
indeed struok an easy job. And he
departed, adjuring the editor not to
? week passed by. The agent call
ed up on the telephone to say that
he was working on the thing. There
was less exultation in his voice.
Two weeks more elapsed. The
editor had forgotten the whole thing,
when the agent's eard came in one
day. It was followed by the man
"Well," said the editor, "got my
"N-no," Baid the agent, sheepishly.
"The fnwv SS, X g?c?o, X vh? ii UU IV
the way you want it, after all. Let's
oall it off.''
It is hardly too much to say that
this is typical.
Why Gams ^Growing Scarce.
One of the HP ist difficulties in the
path of the wis\ and earnest proter tor
of game is the migration of such fam
ilies as the waterfowl, woodoook,
snipe, plover, etc. We are prone to
the framipf of such laws as appear
good for our own grounds, while for
getting that the extensive movements
of the birds compel them to run the
gauntlet of two open seasons in one
year. When the law of the North do
olares the open season to be at an end
the law of the South allows the shoot
ing of returning feathered travelers.
This, of oourse, meace that the fowl
gets no respite except during ho ac
tual breeding season, a state of affairs
which few species will for long be
able to stand. Were there no shoot
ing in the North the South would
b*?e plenty of birds for years to oome
and vice, versa, but unfortunately it
is impossible to do away with the dual
season. If sportsmen of the North or
South would feel oalled upon to lay
down their arms, the difficulty would
at once be overcome, but I gravely
Buspeot that it would require no i a few
onithologioal Bull Runs and Gettys
burg to convince either party cf the
wisdom of auch a oourse. Northerners
aud Southerners rightly having equal
olaim upon sport and game, there can
be no scoh thing as legislation favor
able to the one over the other. The
sole feasible remedy appears to be a
judicious curtailing of gun privileges
at both endo of the migration flight
till the present 'destruction has been
redueed to a point whioh will permit
the fowl to hold their own. Should
this finally demand an open season of
only one week's duration, even that,
to my notion would be muoh better
than tho entire Ion a of the game in
Some days ago the woods in the
mountains known as London Heights,
opposite Harper's Ferry, took fire and .
burned with great intensity. After
burning for some time a series of ex
plosions were heard, whioh startled
the inhabitants, and the concussion
was bo great that it broke windows
in some houses in Harper's Perry',
aoross the Sherkudoah.
The explosions were caused by the
bursting of shells which were thrown
on the heights at the time when Gen
eral Mills surrendered to Stonewall
Jackson, in 1862. These had failed
to explode when they were fired, and
bad lain here lor over forty years.?
. . ?? ., n?? m mn? ' ' ' ' .
? The Salvation Army in Chicago
is organizing a novel method to ear* ;
for the ?5??ss? of'strong drink who
fall upon the streets of the city at
night. Equipped with stretchers, the ]
squads of officers constituting the I
<.^nl?r|i, re??tf?raV !.win^a&m
rounds of tha squalid districts at
night, pick up thos ) who appear to te
odmpTetely overcome with liquor, and
carry them to one of tho seven hotels
maintained by tho Salvation. Army in
Chicago, and in whioh more than 20,
000 guests were accommodated Sast
Just for a Moment.
In the early days in Iowa, wrius J
a correspondent of the Youth's Cou?- J
paoion, a village school was held in a
room of a farmhouse. The farmerr
Mr. Jennings, told the pupils that
they must not molest hir bees.
They wero obedient children and
respected the farmer's right. More
over, t-ince most of them went bare
foot, they were not anxious to etir up
trouble in the hives.
One day a little girl went to Mr.
Jennings and made this naive expla
nation: "Please, Mr. JeoniDgs, my
brother Willie stepped on a bee, but
it was an accident, and he got right
? A woman's idea of a silent part
ner is a deaf-mute.
? Some men spend a iot of time
wondering why other men work.
?The longer a man studies women
the less he knows about them.
? Wise i? the girl who can tell
when a man is making his ?cal propo
? A man may be able to read a
woman like a book, but he can't shut
?Every married man has two wives
?the one ho really has and the one he
just thinks b j has.
? Th j self made man is at least
considerate enough to relieve Provi
dence of the responsibility.
? It is in accord with the eternal
fitness of things when a bachelor girl
marries an old maid man,
? When a woman reoommends her
physician to some other woman and he
fails to effect a cure she never forgives
the other woman.
? Play is i-ne work a man does that
is not compulsory.
? If a man tests a coin with his
teeth he bites the dust.
? A souvenir by auy other name
would probably cost less.
? What would a woman do with a
secret if &he couldn't tell it?
? Pry breed of your own \e better
than a roast from your friends.
? Many aman who claims to be
wedded to the truth is in reality a wid
? The boy who eaves hi* pennies
will be in a position to blow in dollars
? There are some widows who will
not flirt?but they aie generally deaf
? The handiwork of some tailors
seems in accord with the eternal mis
fitness of things.
? Hogging an Atlanta girl contrary
to her wishes and on one of the busiest
corners in the city at that, proved
quite expensive to John Haynes, a
Sixteenth Infantry private, who was
fined fifty dollars by Recorder Broylee
and bound over to the Superior
Court for assault and battery. At the
time of soldier's precipitate and in
decent act a large crowd saw him, and
only prompt measures by the police
saved him from rough treatment.
? The ohapcery court of appeals of
Tennessee has decided that the South
western Presbyterian university can
not be removed from Olarksvlle.
Teon. There has long- been an effort
by the Presbyterians of Atlanta to
have the university removed to that
city and oombined with one now loca
ted in South Carolina. The case will
now be carried to the Supreme Court,
and possibly to tbe Supreme Court of
tu? U???e? State?.
Notice to Trespassers.
Notice la hereby given to all person*
not to trespass on any of oar lands 1?
Varennes and Savannah Townships In
any way whatsoever?by bunting, flata
tag? cuttlog timber, setting out fire or
trespassing- in any other manner. Par
ties entering aatd lands after publication
of this notice will be dealt with to the
'fullest extent of the law.
MRS JOSEPHINE ORNTRY, ?
;- MES. SARAH J. GENTRY,
* MR?1. mary A. Sl?CKBY,
B. F? GENTRY,
W. D. GliNfR?,
W. W. MoMAHAN.
Jan 11,1005 30 ,3
Ba M M ER ??LfM
ah? moat heating aalve in the worta.
MULES AND HORSES.
Wholesale and Retail.
60 to loo always on hand.
Special prises to club buyers.
1 handle & good class of Tenne?see
Males. Will save tou time and freight.
A visit to my stables will o<?ivlt>oe you.
Come* T, M. LOWEBV,-' .
Stneca, S. C.
Tan 4,1005 29 . .4
g WE WANT ALL INTERESTED ?N
to have our hams before thcu
Write ua statine what kind of
Machinery you use or will
Install, and wo; Will mall you
Free of all cost
r.;.;v;-A HANDSOME ANA tiSKFUS.
PO?KET DIARY AND A^JIS
Gibbes Machintry Company,
, '. COLUMBIA, ?K O.
A CYOCK OP HOf^W 90t?rgQ ?A9 ; ....
mhsswto sa -eu?sft?'<o?T a*
STRING >>0,* ?o
a new. scientific remedy for the
Blood and Nerves
It purifies tbo blood by eliminating the mute
matter and other impurities and by destroying
the germs or microbes that infest the blood. It
builds up the blood by restoring and multiply
ing the red corpuscles, making tho blood rich
and red. It restores and stimulates tho nerves,
causing a full free flow of nerve force through
out the entire nervo system. It speedily cures
unstrung nerv?a, nervousness, nervous pros
tration, and all diseases of the nervous sy&Jtein,
a mi) coro for
RYDALE'S 1 r0 is a specific for all forms
of Malarias' Iti ? on a new principle. It kill*
the micro bee that produce Malaria. The cause
being removed, the disease qufcily disappears, i
RYDALE'S TOKIO is guaranteed to cure the
most obstinate cases of Malarial Fever, Chills
and Fever, Ague, etc. We authorize all dealers
handling1 our remedies to refund tho purchase* j
price for every boUlo of RYDALE'S TOKIO
that does not give satisfaction.
RADICAL REMEDY COMPAtW,
HICKORY. N. C.
FOE SALE BY EVANS PHARMACY.
D. 8. VANDIVER.
E. P. VANDIVER,
Suppose we do some business together during the year
1905, We *eel it will be to our mutual interest. Suppose?
we try it. Yours truly,
* - #
Studebafeer Wagons just arrived.
Car of Kentucky, Old Hickory and Tennessee Wagona tr>
Also, three cars of Buggies, Carriages, Surreys and pleas*
ure Vahldes generally.
Call and see us.
We have juiit received a-Fresh lot of
For Fall Planting.
Come to us for all of your?
ORR, GRAY & CO.,
ONE CAM OF TWGc FEED.
Have just received one Car Load of HOG FEED
a (Shorts) at veiv close prices. Come before they are
'allgono, Now is the time for throwing?,
Around your premises to prevent a case of fever or
.some other disease, that will cost yon very much more
than the price of a barrel of Lime (? 1.00.) We have
a fresh shipment in stock, and will be glad to sand you
some. If you contemplate building a barn or aoy
other building, see us before buying your?
CEMENT and LIME,
As weI sell the .very best qualities only.
V '^Oe D.'-'ANDBfl8pN;
L C. STRS?Kt?NO,
Office Over Farmers and Merchant*
SPECIAL att?t&Wglvan lothe uigner
classes of Dental work. Orownn, Bridgea
and Porcelain Inisjs, suoh as are done in
tho Isr?or cities.
All kiuda of Plates reado. (iol? FilU
logs in artificial teeth any time after
Platas are mado.
: Oxygen Gas and Local Anaesthetics
?Wen for*hs Palniefci ^iractton.of teeth,
y >av* All calls toth? cdnotjy *uo aaar
b/Towna rbr. the Painless Extrar*$on of
Teeth promptly attended to hv a -^.mvsi
A man thinks it is wfcstt the mata* of life
Mwrrcs e* aaggaata iteelf?but r ^a??a^
thread ^hc? ittat, i3oo4? haryicanorand fire
B&dd?n?y watete ys?, ??jd the ?nfy waj
to be sure tlbM ye?* &ra?yis jwwleet?d is
ease of ?a?j??,6v?rta^^a yo? /.K;i#|?^
Drop in and s?o ?t about it.