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JAPAN AND Tl
25 .An interesting Intern
Prof. Jerome Dowd, who ia spend
ing some days with his mother in
Charlotte, is devoting much time and
thought to] the Japanese Empire and
its people. I Being a man who think?
well and to ?good advantage on almost
any subject" that he becomes interest
ed ic, and what he says at this time is
of peculiar interest. The whole
country is looking with wonderment
toward the Japs. The following in
terview with Prof. Dowd in the Char
lotte Observer is readable and instruc
"The Umpire of Japau consists of
four large islands: Hondo, which is
the mainland; Jeso, to the north, and
Sikoku and Kin -Sin to the south
"Besides these, there are four sub
ordinate groups of islands-the Ka
rlie group to the north, the Bonin to
the south, the Lu Chu to the south
and west, and lastly, Formosa, which
was acquired as an outcome of the
Chinese war of '94.
"ThcBe islands form a ohain ex
tending about 2,000 miles in length
and ?mbracing every variety of cli
mate, from tropical to frigid. A
traveler may take a train at Tokio in
Fobruary when the trees are green
with new life and wake up next morn
ing at Aomori and find several feet of
snow and the temperature at zero.
"Geographically, Jeso is a continu
ation of Siberia, while the other is
lands aro of voloanio origin. '
"The surface of the country is
therefore, very much broken, abound
ing in mountains, some of which
rcaoh the height of perpetual snow.
Short rapid rivers run in all. direc
tions, forming innumerable little val
leys. The cultivated lands aro con-,
fined almost entirely to thc-Bo valleys
and the total area in cultivation is on
ly 15 per cent of the entire area , of
the Empire. One o? the most re
markable fnota about Japan is that
about 45,000,000 people can be sup
ported upon such a small area of land.
It means that the Japanese have agri
cultural methods which are far ahead
of anything known in America. If
the agriculture! area of North Caro
lina were curated with the eau?a in
tensity as che lands of Japan we
could probably produce iood enough
to sustain the entire population bf
the United States.
"The population of Japan consists
?of two distinct races, a white race and
"The white race is known as the
lou, tba original inhabitants of the
aland. These people aro character
ed by dark-brown hair, dark-white
kin, a very hairy body; in fact, they
e tbs' u?iri?at people in the world.
I recently saw some specimens, of
his race at St. Louis. They aro ab
?late savages. Tney live by huht
ng and fishing. They know almost
lothing of agriculture or any civilised
rt ? and they sra f all of superstitions,
'hey live in square one-room huts
lade of stioks and grass .with thatch
d roofs. The door^pf the house al
Jays/aoeB to the west, the window
Iways to tho east. The fire-plaoo is
i the centro. The head of the fam
sits on tho north side of the
earth, the mother and children on
be south side and strangers on. the
"The ' religion pf these people is
ry interesting. They believe that
e sun, moon, animals and almost a?? j
ogs baye spirits. They offer sacri
ea and prayer to these spirits and
ake charms for theai. T??5 charms
nBiSt of stioks shaved into curia at
e end", resembling papers-brushes,
lese charms are called inas. Some
them are hung up in the house to
present tho spirit thU holds up the
of, Borne io represent' thoir anees
s and one to represent the spirit that
lotects the house. Outside of. the
st window there, is a piece of sacred
and about twenty foot square
ere a number o? i t?as aro stuok up to
resent tho spirit of the sun; moon,
"These people are?a? svoted to boar
Dtibgjuat as the North American
iiahs were devoted to hunting the
ffftlo. They capture cubs, which
?women keep i a, pena and frequent'
suckle from their breast,
i the ?onth of March tho nears aro
ed, all the people shave, take a
h a?d have a great feast.
W$2ii M I have ?aid, th ess poOp?o
e occupied the whole area .of. these
ads, bat vf hon the Japanese came
rom tho south, thc Ainu, anwil
; to giyo up their hunting life*
o forced northward.. They were
ited Very mush aa we treated the
ians. They have boon 'ruthlessly
3d out, and ?ow number only,
at 17,000, and are ao.uSned ty tho
ad cf Seso.
Ooi khow? when the Japanese
dod -'thejabn?s.. It is believed
the Japando are made up of a
iew on the Empire of
mixture of the Chinese, Korean's
Malayans, and perhaps Paquaus, ?ho
have at various times migrated .to
these islands, intermixed and finally
formed the present Japanese type.
"According to traditions, the pres
ent Mikado or Emperor, is a direct de
scendant of two divinities who created
the land of Japan and its people.
The early religion of Japan consisted
of Shintoism, a sort of worship of the
forces of nature, and ancestor wor
ship. The Empire was governed by
the divine Mikado, who exeroised ab
"About the time of Christ, a cele
brated Empress Jinger "Cogo, clad in
man's armor, commanded an army
and fleet and invaded Korea. From
this event began the introduction of
Chinese civilisation in Japan. The
Japanese adopted the Chinese litera
ture and art, and in many ways were
profoundly influenced by their yellow
"The Japareee have gone through a
long period of feudalism. In the
twelfth century one of the feudal
lords, through victories over his ene
mies, became so powerful that he was
made Shogun, i. e., the military lead
er, whose office was to preserve peaee.
Ile was regarded as the real lord of
the laod while Ihe power of the Em
peror became nominal. This office
became hereditary and continued
down to 1868. From the twelfth to
the sixteenth'century was a period of
oontioual war among the fedualdords.
Perhaps the greatest character in Ja
panese history is Iyeyasu, a Shogun
of the sixteenth oentury, who was a
great military leader, great governor
and a man of profound wisdom and
"In the same century the Portu
guese navigator, Mendez Pinto, dis
covered Japan, and Christian mission
aries immediately began their work of
converting tho natives, but the suc
cessors of Iyeyasu drove out the mis
sionaries and persecuted the Chris
tians. Japan thenexperienoed a long
period of external peace, but of in
ternal restlessness. The people be
came dissatisfied under the dual gov
ernment. Finally, the Princess of
the south rebelled against the Shogun
and aided by the Emperor, defeated
him and, his followers in a decisive
battle at Hakodati in 1868. Sines
that time the Fmperor has been the
sole head of the Empire. A aye tem of
representative government has been
established with two legislative
branches, somewhat like those of
"The original Shinto religion has
eestisued dowa io the present time,
but several religions have exeroised a
profound influence upon Japanese
life and , civilization. Buddhism
spread rapidly .after, the, sixth cen
tury; the religion of Confucius had
great influence * after thc sixteenth
century and during the kat 50 years.
Christianity has had a great influence,
although the number of converts has
never exceeded 600,000, At present,
there.is a reaction in'favor of Budd
"Japan has pretty much the same
geographical position in the East as
Great Britain in the Weat, with this
notable difference that; whereas Great
Britain is dependent upon other peo
ple for foo'I producto, Japan is able to
feed ell of her population from her
own soi!. The Japanese. vaco is
strong, physically, morally and intel
lectually, and is destined to 'ploy'a
great part in the world's history;
The Chi neue are hoing c duo ate d by
the Japanese trained in the arts of
modern warfare and the day is cot far
distant whoo - the Chinese will equal,
if not surpass the Japaneso.
"Indeed, there are antheologisis
who, believe that'the white race is
rapidly degenerating and that ihe yel
low, raoe ia destined to. dominate the
world. There is no doubt that the
white race shows some alarming
symptoms of degeneracy ; especially in
the largo cities, where mon are be
coming onorter in suture with weak?
er'constitutions and smaller brain
power? The increase of .insanity, and
on tba sera! eide; the disintegration
of the family and growing opposition
to child-bearing are the mos? imfavor
ablo indications for the future of the
white race. Tho white raoo must de
psud ??rROjy oho? Ilugsia for replenish
ing its stock.
"However, while remitting the un
favorable signs, I still have hopo that
wo may find ? remedy for our lils and
sontinuc in the'-front rank of the
races of tho earth.
"The pronunciation of Japanese
names is very simple: ? is like a in
irm. e is like Vip ate; j, is like s in
machine; u is like oo in loot: ai ie like
t in ice."
? C3 M&L, ISI'S? <23l JETI. 3C
Bas? tia : ?j* Ihe m VMHatt Aftrfifl
Protecting a Bride and Groom.
A brid? and groom had been much
troubled by ?he stares of people at ho
tel! wherever they went. So when
they arrived at the next hotel the
groom called the colored head-wai
"Now, George," he said, "we have
been bothered to death by people star*
isg st us because we are just married.
We want to be free from that sort of
thing here. Now, here's two dollars,
and remember I trust you not to tell
people that we are just married, if
they ask you. Understand?"
"Yas, sahl" said George; "I under
All went well that day. But the
following morning when tho couple
came down to breakfast tho staring
was worse than ever. Chambermaids
in the hall snickered; the clerks be
hind the desk nudged eaoh other; ev
erybody in the dining-room stared.
When the couple returned to their
room it was only to see a head stick
ing out of nearly every room down
tho long hall.
This was too muoh. This was the
Angered beyond control, the groom
wont to the desk and called for the
"Look here, you old fool," said tho
groom, "didn't I give you two dollars
to proteot my wife and myself from
this staring business?'.!.
"Yas, sab, you did," said George.
; " Ton me could, I didn't tell, sah.'
"Then how about this?" staring asked
the irate groom. "It's worse he je
than anywhere. Did anybody ask if
we were just married?"
"Yas, sab; several folks did," re
"Well, what did you tell them?" !
"I tolee'm, sah," replied the honest
negro, "you wuzn't married at all."!
To Reduce Negro Criminality.
Norfolk, Va., Maroh 19.-For t
purpose of improving the surroundings
of tho colored youth of this city, loc
colored ministers will hold a conference
to-morrow for the purpose of reducing
criminality among their raoe. T
general theme of the discussion w(ll
be "Tho Reduction of Accessions
the Criminal Ranks." It will ra
with the problem raised by the f
that many colored youtho, after spend
ing an apprenticeship on farm8 in t
Country, beoome ambitious for ci
life, flock to the towns, and, so tile
colored pastors say, soon beoome tqe
prey of vicious oompany, social clo
i of questionable character, and final
end th the Police Court. ,.
This result has been notioed in
many cases by the Norfolk color
I ministers, that they will nowendeav
I to put a stop to it.
I "Tho situation is so serious," sai'
j the Rev. Dr. L. H. Reynolds, past
of the Bute Street Churoh, "that w!
feel it is up to us todo something to pr
vent or reduce the evil that is ruinin
so many young negroes. There ar
many phases cf tba situation to discuss'
aod until the whole subject is good
over in a careful manner, we wilt,
make no preparation to fight.--Wash
A TRUE APPETIZER ASD T03?IC.
Mi o na Will Make You Feel Hun
gry and Hearty, and Give Strength
Ask any friend, who looks thin, pale,
and our. of health how many meals he
or che eats-a day, and the chances are
that the answer will be "Not over
twp, and. I don't feel hungry then."
The plumy, rosy, and robust eat throe
! square jpeals daily and their perfeot
health is duo to a strong stomach and
digestive system, as such a system
takes out 6f the food all those ele
ments that make pure blood, and give
t nourishment and vitality to the body.
The one appetizer and tonio that
should be taken is Mi-o-ua, thp only
agent known that will strengthen tbe
itomaobv and digestive system, and
put them . 3n suoh perfeot working
order that they will digest easily and
naturally all tho food that is eaten,
and send to the table positively hun
gry for the next meal.
Without a strong stomach digestion
will be poor, the blood impure, and
serious liver and kidney troubles re-1
suit, causing headaches, backaches,
spots before the eyes, dizziness,
sleeplessness, nervousness, irritable
ness, a furred tongue and bad breath,
all of which eau bo readily overe?me
by the use of Mi-o-na, (coatiog hat
60o a box), as it goes, right tb the
foundation of jrsrfect health, tho
Scores of leading ?aa?la i= sals
State, including editors, minister?,
bankers, and their families, gladly j
teBtify to the tonic, strengthening
and health giving effects of Mi-o-ua.
Furthermore, Evans Pharmacy, ono
of the most reliable drug firms in this
section, sell Mi-o-na under* guarantee j
to refund tho money if it does not
produce satisfactory results.
- A woman caa hold a baby in
each ara? easier 'than she oaa hold her
-%A* the inventors o?' strenuous 1
game? it* s queer the Romans o4:'
Is cheap, and if any plan will advance the price for that now in the hands of
the farmers, it will be to hold tenaciously, sit steady in the boat until the re
quirements of the consumer becomes absolutely necessary.
In order for you to make money at present prices, it is necessary to pro
dace more cotton per acre by increased use of Fertilizers per acre. Use 500
pounds where you have used 300 before ; work and feed two mules where you
have used three before, aud reduce other labor in proportion, thereby in
creasing production and decreasing expenses.
You will'find the following analyses sent us by Clemson Agricultural
College, made from samples of the goods we are now shipping, interesting,
which it will pay you to read carefully : s
Clemson Agricultural College, (Department of Fertilizers,)
Clemson College, S. C., Feb. 22, 1905.
To Anderson Phos. & Oil Co., Anderson, 0. C.
Your attention is called to the following copy of Fertilizer Analysis in
which you are interested :
Fertilizer Sample No. 119. Analysis No. 0343. Drawn at Darlington.
Of Anderson H. G. Phosphate.
Soluble Phosphoric Acid.11.19
Averted " ". 3.08
Available " " .14 27
Insoluble " " .j61
Total " " .'. 14.'88
Relative Commercial Valuation per Ton of 2,000 pounds.12.13
Analysis guaranteed by ns 13 P. C. ; com. val. 11.05.
Analysis found by Clemson 14.27 ; com. value 12.13.
Fertilizer Sample No. 114. Analysis Number 6339. Drawn at Belton.
. Of XX Potash Bone.
Soluble Phosphoric Acid. 8.59
Reverted " " .i. 3.53
Available " ".12.12
Insoluble " " . 1.31
Total . " ?.13.43
Potash Soluble in Water.'. 2.0G
Guaranteed by,us Ava. IO? Pot 2, com. val. $10.60.
Found by Clemson 12.12,2.06, com. val. 12.47.
Fertilizer Sample No. 163. Analysis Num W 6394. Drawn at Chester.
Of German Kaimt,
Potash Soluble in Water.12.50
Guaranteed by us 12.00 Potash, com. value 12.60.
Found by Clemson 12.59 Potash, com. val. 13.22.
Fertilizer Sample Nc? 161. Analysis Number 6392. Drawn at Chester.
Of H. G. Phosphate.
Soluble Phosphoric Acid.11.00
Available-. ;. .14.07
Guaranteed by us 13.00 P. C., com. val. $11.05.
Found by Clemson 14.07, commercial value $11,96.
' ' . \ ..
_ < - M. B HARDIN, Chief Chemist.?
R. W. SIMPSON,Pres.Bd.Trus
I Per H. M. STACK HO USE. Seo. Fert Dept
You will make no mistake in buying our goods.
Laboratory of Francis L. Parker, Jr., Ph. D., Analytical and Consulting
Chemist, College of Charleston,
Charleston, S. C., Feb. 18,1905.
Certificate of Analysis.
>r Anderson Phosphate & Oil Co. ?S
1 ^Material marked 8.65-2-2. Formula No. 14, 2-15-05. Received Feb.
Basfr ft* received. P. C
...?J , 8.73
Available Phosphoric Acid.*..'.. '.."/.'.'.*.*.*. '. 9 62
Insoluble Phosphorio Acid........-.3.54
.v..... .. 1.75
it to Ammonia... 2.12
Potash ........... ;......... i. . ? ........ ' ?. . 2 61
J^''V'* Respectfully Bubmitt?dV " "FRANCIS ?. PARKER* Jr!
te for one of our books, "The Progress of Cotton,"
that leila you how to make three bales per acid.
We have agents nt all railway stations. Please call on
theil for prices. Respectfully,
erspn Phosphate and Oil Co.,
ANDERSON, S. 'C.
WHEN YOU HAVE LOS'.
YOUR GRIP '
on tho affair* of life and your bu*tr
and your WITS aro dull-take fro.,
dale's Livor Tableta, ono at a time, an i
and you trill be surprlaed the next u
how "bright end clear everything wi? ?
l ic - In your day's work with so mu
vlRor that you will naturally lnct
SUCCORS by the weight of personal!
to Infuse Into every detail. Theft ?,
Li ver Tablet? la one of the most effectiv*.
known to modern medical scicni_
Put your liver In ?oed working order, and ntue-teuths of yoor other -
alimenta will disappear. Often what you think to be dyspepsia,
heart trouble, or chronic constipation Is merely ono of the Idiosyn*
cronies of a dopey liver. When vour liver gets dc pey, you feel dopey
all over, mut it ia liable to manifest itself in a multitude of ways, till
you imagine you have a little of every disease going. Don't walt .
till you get lu this condition, but take Rydale's Liver Tablets the first
time you feel dull and disinclined to grapple with the routine duties .
of life. Hy taking a stitch (tablet)ln time you'll save both worry and.
tablutsauu avoid til health. Uydale's Liver Tableta are easy to take, ?
pleasant in effect, always satisfactory in results. 60 chocolate-coated ?
Tableta lu a convenient box, 1? cents.
d by the RADICAL REMEDY CO., Hickory, N. C.,
FOR SALE BY EVANS PHARMACY.
Wanted to Buy
Good, Flat Land, in good state
of cultivation and well im
Wanted to Sell
132 acres, Hall Township-40 acres in bottom lands that will yield 100Q>
bushels com. Fair improvement.
148 acre?, Savannah Township, known as Evergreen place. Well im
proved, good orchard. . .
84 acres, Hopewell Township. Tenant house, barn, & c. 45 acres is.
cultivation, balance woods and old fields.
152 acres, Rock Mills Township. Price 81200.
96$ acres, Broadway Township. Well improved. Price S250CW
87? acres, Varenues Township-improved.
200 acres, Fork Township.
JOS. J. FRETWELE,.
ANDERSON, S. C~
HEALTH AND VITALITY
'I ?H/Y.' \ l :? I Bl MOTT'S
B H BUH W ease S S m ua-Dsn-van?Msraa nujSS
Tho great remedy for nervous prostration and all diseases ot tho generativa?'
organs of oUUer ac-?, ouch as Nervous Prostration, Falling or Lost Manhood?..
Impotency. Nightly Emissions, Youthful Errors, Mental Worry, excessive- CBS .
of Tobacco or Opium, which lead to Consumption and Insanity. With amy
1CTC0 HCIUfi 05 order wo guarantoo to cure or refund tho money. Sold at $1.00 per bax,.
AT I Ctl Udlntf* i bozos (or $5.00. DU. MOTT'S dlKIOICAJb CO.? ClovelojitU Obla?...
FOB fSAlLE BY EVANS PHABHAC1T.
Turned and Scroll Work,
Devoe's Faint, Lead,
Hard Oil, GlasB,
?SE THE BUILDER.
INVESTIGATE -hen I
need of any kind o?
See me. If I don't sell your
I'll make the other fellow
SELL YOU RIGHT.
W- Hi. BRISSBT,
ANDERSON, S. C.
This Establishment bas been Selling
IN ANDERSON for more than forty years. Daring all that time competitors?*
have come and gone, bat we have remained right hera. We have always sold
Cheaper than any others, and daring thoBo long years wo have not had one di?
satisfied customer. Mistakes will sometimes occur, and ?+nny Mi.tr .o--.?
found that a customer was dissatisfied we did not rest until we had matta h?sb
satisfied. This policy, rigidly adhered to, has made us friends, true and last- .
ing.?sd wc can say ? . h*prirl*>. hut vi'hout Doubting, that WP havo the cc*# -
denoe of the people of this seotion. We have a larger Stock of Grooda rn?
season than we have ever had, and we pledge yon oar word that we have EET^
sold Furniture at as dose a margin of profit as we are doing now. Tb? ?y -
proven by the faot that we are selling Furniture not only all over Anderses:
County bat in every Town in the Piedmont seotion. Come and see ns. Your
parents saved money by baying from ns, and yon and your children can eave
money by baying kare loo. We carry EVERYTHING in the Furniture line,,
CF. TOLLY &T80N, Depot Stree!
WE have moved our Shop and office below Peoples' Bank, in fror:* orr
Mr. J. J. Fi et well's Stables. We respectfully ask ail our friends thai xwad
muf Kocnng done, or any kind of Repair work, Engine Stacks, Evapofat?a%^
or any kind of Tin or Gravel Roofing to call on us, aa we are prepared toft*
it?promptlv and in best mannerJR?ohciting your patronal?, we are,
, Respectfully, BURRISS & DIVVES*,