Newspaper Page Text
Department of A.gric
America is becoming yearly more of J
a sheep-raising and mutton-eating
country. This is due primarily to
the initiative of the department o?' |
agriculture, which for the past teu
years has been hammering at the far- ;
mer to raise sheep iuhtcad of export- ?
ing his surplus grain, and which has
helped him in every way to this
One result ?B that there were re
ported on the first of this year over
45,000,000 sheep on the farms aud
ranches of thu United States, valued
at ??127,:?31,Nr>f>, as against less than
33,000.000 iu 1899. The receipts at
the Chicago stock yards are reaohing
upward every year since 1894, when
the yards took over a million more
mutton 6heep than in the previous
year. The department is anxious to
impress on the farmer the valuo of
eheep SB one of his farm products,
and it pointe out that while the sale
of $1,000 worth of corn takes from the
Boil $300 worth of fertility, that is to
nay the farmer would have to spend
that much in fertilizers to recoup the
land, the same amount of corn con
verted into good mutton and sold at a
higher price than the corn would
fetch takes in thefend from the land
not over $50 worth of fertility, and
if the flock was kept for wool alone it
would not reduce tho value of tho
land moro than three or four dol
Thero is particular interest attach
ing to the sheep-raising problem just
now because tho price of mutton is
going up by l'japs, not only in tho
stores where thc consumer has to buy
it, for every ono realizes this, but in
Chioago where lambs have recently
touched the unprecedented figure of
$8 per hundred weight, and are now
selling at about $7.25.
The sheep expert of the department
of agriculture is Mr. George F. Thomp
son, editor of the bureau of animal in*
dustry, and in talking with a Star re
porter he gaye an interesting exposi
tion of what the department has been
doing in the oheep line and what it
hopes to accomplish.
During the early days in America
sheep were bred primarily for the
wool, and during reoent years we have
been importing annually in addition
from $25,000,000 to $30,000,000 worth
of wool. But the wool industry in
this country has come to tbe point
where it frequently does not pay to
Taise the sheep for the fleece alone.
There has, therefore, been an iooreas
ing effort to get a good combination
breed that would live in large flocks
on the range, furnish a good fleece,
and at the same time be a good mut*
toa sheep. This has been a work of
great difficulty and is by no means
yet accomplished. The Iowa experi
ment station has had Dr. J. \V. Ken
nedy Working on the breeding problem
for several years, experimenting with
Merinos for wool, and Southdowns
and Shropsuiraa tor mutton, with a
number of other breeds. But up to
date the experiments have not been
[j productivo of any new fixed breeds
s which would have the desired char
acteristics and transmit them un
changed to its progenoy. The result
ia that the farmers of the East are
still confining themselves to the Eng*
lieh breeds of Downs and Sbires,
?hieb are great meat producers, while
the Western ranches depend largely
on the old Mexican sheep, wbioh is a
desoondant of the fine Merinos im
ported hy the Spaniards, bot whioh
lim? been affected by environment till
il has developed characteristics of its
own, and is in a great many respeots
If a Cow ?ave
mankind would have to
invent milk. Milk Is Na
put in shape iFdr diges
tion. Cod liver oil !s ex
tremely nourishing, but
It has to be emulsified
before we can digest it.
combines the best oil
with the valuable hypo
phosphites so that it is
easy to digest and does
far more good than the
oil alone could- That
makes Scott's Emulsion
the most strengthening,
nourishing food - medi
cine In the world.
v . . ? - .
Send for free sample.
. SCOTT A BOWNE, Chemists
.^O 9-4-1G Pearl Street New York
BOo. and $1.00. AU drug?tets
?ulture Urges Slieep
an ideal f-heep for the range. Thc
fleece of the Mexican is made finer and
improved by thc introduction of pure
Merino rams on the range, and when
the strain of Merin'.' begins to show
too much, making a weaker and more
delicate sheep, with very fine, silky
wool, tho breed is strengthened hy
thc introduction of some coarser wool
sheep liko thc Oxfords. So the bal
ance is maintained.
This work has now been going on
for many years, and the breeding is
likely to continue along thc same
Unes tili the ideal wool-mutton breed
is found. This may occupy a long
time, but there has been so much i
done in recent years in the hybridis
ing of plants an i animals that il would
seem anything might be expected to
develop in ' the cross-bred line at any
The department has helped the
sheep industry all it could and has
furnished the farmers with a great
many valuable works on the subject of
sheep raising, feeding and treating for
diseases of one tort or another till the
department has oome to be looked
upon by the Bhccp men as a souroc of
much good and great information. The
department has convinced the farmer
of the value of sheep, as one of his
farm products, but it is continuing its
educational work and is anxious to
impress the farmer with the fact that
wo Btill import over half a million dol
lars annually of Canadian mutton in
spite of tho heavy tariff against it.
Therefore, the department would like
to see sheep raised on all the land
that otherwise lays waste under the
farmers' hands. It has been said for
a great many years that any land is
good enough to raise sheep on and
that they thrive on bad lands, where
other animals would starve. This
is true to a great extent, but the de
partment would also like to impress
on the farmer thc fact that sheep
thrive even better on good lands than
they do on bad, and there is no land
BO vaiuabie that it is too good to raise
mutton on. This has been proved by
the department in a long series of
The great work that the department
is striving for now is the eradication
of sheep scab," which costs the coun
try hundreds of dollars annually.
The department oommeoaed a orusade
in this direotion several years ego.
Up to the present moment there are
two States entirely oleared of soab,
and with the right to quarantine
against the rest of the world, andas
anon anthe National Government ?B
allowed to' go into the remaining
States and Territories the whole coun
try will be oleared out and the disease
which is the greatest foe the sheep
man has to encounter will be com
A good many non-farmers may not
know just what sheep soab is, and for
their . benefit it may be well to say
that it it simply a sheep parasite that
g<Hs under the skin and causea tho
wool to fall, completely ruining the
fleece and eventually weakening the
sheep till it dies.
The disease is acutely contagious,
and till a few years ago had spread all
over the United States without a
check being found for it. Now,
thanks to the departments work, it
is known to be comparatively easily
oured, the sheep being simply dipped
in a solution thst kills the parasite.
Either tobacco and sulphur or lime
and sulphur are used for this, though
there are a hundred different "eurea"
now on the'market. But the farmer
can make his own cure se a rule more
cheaply that he can buy it, and the
department has taught him by precept
and example how to clean out bis
herds and keep them olesn. The
State of Wyoming recently passed a
law allowing th? department's inspec
tors to go into the State and handle
the soab disease on the asms footing
sa the Stato inspeotors. Of course,
they were very much more thorough
and? well equipped. Tho result is that
Wyoming ia non "olean," and v?ith
the aid of the quarantine and rigor
oua State inspection expects to remain
ao, though there is always danger of
sporadic outbreaks, and - curiously
enough one of the mediums of thia
are the birda which carry the pars
aita on their feet aa the mosquito car
ries the yellow fever virus io hio stom
The department of agriculture has
now been let into New Mexico by a
special law of the Legislature, sud it
will not be long before tho scab is
stamped out there alao. Montana alono
of the States that has relied on Stato
supervision of the work of cleansing
its flocks has succeeded up to dat?.
It is now clean and cac easily be kept
BO? The work there han been under
the immediate direction of Br. M. E.
Knowles and the department regarde
his 8UCCC63 as a high Leetintanial to
the thoroughness and effectiveness of
Thc department is always in receipt
of a great deal of correspondence from
sheep men all over the country, who
recogoize the scope and value of the
work being done, and is always ready
to answer inquiries and receive infor
mation tending to help forward the
great work cf making the (Jolted
States the foremost sheep-producing
country of the world.
After Fertilizer Trust?
The Atlanta Journal prints the fol
lowing from Lumpkin, Ga.:
Is President Roosevelt after the gu
Or, to be more exact, there a gu
ano trust, and, if so, is it in danger of
a jolting from thc President's "big
During recent days a representative
of the department of justice has been
visiting various points in Georgia get
ting up facts and figures, where pos
sible, which would tend to throw light
on the means and agencies used by
the different guano companies where
by the products of them all are sold
for one and the same price, according
This gentleman stated that he bad
been sent out by thc department of
justice upon explicit instructions
from the President himself, and that
if a guano trust was developed it
would likely be made to lead a live
lier row than the beef trust.
From remarks, not to dignify it
just yet as information, whioh this
gentleman let drop he is perfectly
satisfied with what he has found, for
he seemed confident that he had more
than enough information in hand to
make out a prima facie case of trust
against thc guano concerno and that
they would have a good summer's work
ahead getting around it.
lt is commonly known that all gu
anos of the same grade demand a uni
form price. Just why this was the
uninitiated could only surmise. But
this agent of tho department of jus
tice evidently thinks that ho has
enough evidence of the most positive
kind in hand to prove that it is be
cause of a combine and agreement.
Of course now and then there is an
exception made to the "list" prices,
as they are termed, and now and then
some concern will maintain the price
in theory, but abandon it in praotioe
by giving a rebate, or a presont to tbs
purchaser. But these exceptions are
said to be just frequent enough to
more strongly confirm the existence of
a combine, injunctions of seoreoy al
most invariably aooompayiog the "re
bates" or "presents." *
Georgia farmers as well as those of
the eqtire -South will watoh this
movement of the president against
the guano people with muon interest,
A Selfish Snipe.
Two drummers, stranded in a west
ern town, where the train stopped
once a. day, if it was flagged, sat on
the front porch of the hotel, and told
stories of their abilities SB hunters.
After one had tedd a rather thrilling
lie, the other said:
uWheo I, was a boy I went duck
hunting ono autumn day with an old
22-cal ?bro rifle that had been given to
me by a farmer who had a grudge
again&t my father. When he present
ed the rifle to me he had a smile of
benevolence .00 bia faee, but in his
heart he was praying that it might go
off accident!ly and square accounts.
When thia old duffer was younger
than I am nov niy dad had sold him
a frisky horco whioh had kicked his
Bon.fc It was one of those wet, muddy
days we then had so often. I mann
ed out of the yard and up the road as
proud aa a peaooek until I got into the
marshes behind the village, a mile or
so away. Theu 1 forgot about my an
cestors and settled down to business,
for a Hook of wild duoka had just
dropped . idown for a swim and a mud
bath a few hundred yards away. I
nevor got near enough to them to
shoot, for when ever I thought my
chance had come they would fly a lit
tle farther away.. After I had chased
them around for an hour or two I sat
down on a fallen tree. As I sat there
a snipe flew across the marsh and
align ted in front of a fence poat about
fifty feet from me. I grabbed my ri
fle, aimed, and then put tee gua down,
aa the rifle had some peculiarities
about it, ooo : of whioh was that it
Would only shoot forty feet with the
wind,'.and without the wind you could
catch tho bullet as it slid out of the
barrel. ? Again I ttok up. my rifle,
crept forward and|then I fired. loot,
that snipe's head olean off, but blamed
if the bird didn't piok up her bead
with one of her claws and fly away
"Ah, let's go luto supper," said the
other. "You win."
- There ?re two sides to every
question, but marriage is often a one
-. Some . people never change their
minds, because they are like thu moo
who owned but One shirt.
- When a girl boasts that a young
man ia ora*y to marry har, thc
chance.} are the victin is somewhat
Au Herl? for Every Pain.
In the village of Greenwich, Eng- I
land, io a ?juaiut old street where the
buildings arc so thick that they tan*'
gie themselves together in a koot,
there is a queer little shop with * sign
over the door tint reads "An Herb
For Every l'ain."
On the shelves of this shop are to
be found hundreds of different kiuds
of herbs for thc cure of ?ll bodily ail
ments. There can be found all the
old time herbs that our grandmothers
used to have hanging around the
walls of the kitchen and stored
away in the attic, ready to be made
into teas and syrups in case of sick
People who mill have old fashioned
ideas about health and sickness go
these for bugleweed, sumac, winter
grecn,8HHsafrus, camomile, horehound,
yellow dock, citnip, cherry bark, mul
lefn, extract of oats, lobelia, aud : o
on. All these btrbs have the repu
tation of being gond for some one or
more ailment-catnip for nervousness,
eassafras for the blood, horehound
anda'boneset for colds, sumac for
sore throat, wintergreen for rheu
matism, lobelia as an emetic in case
of poisoning, mullein for ooosumptiou,
Nearly all of tbeso herbs are made
into teas. Sassafras lea. boneset tea
and catnip tea are brewed and served
c ther cold or bot. Among the many
hundreds of herbs that are sold in
this little shop are some that are
deadly poisons, and they are labeltd
and sold under the same restrictions
as other poisons.
The good old remedies that our
grandfathers hunted and dug in the
wood?>, tb086 that our grandmothers
planted and tended in tbe gardeo,
have giveu way to harmful remedies,
to drugs that leave the pat)? nt in a
worse condition (bau when he began
their use. We believe it haH been a
mistake to g ve up tho old re LU ed i -s.
Awkward Thing to Do.
Good humor was restored to a school
room iu one of ibe public schools in
the city the other day by an impa
tient speech of the teacher.
The young woman who had abarge
af the class had become exaeperated to
the last degree, by tho mischievous
tricks of Mime of tb? boys. She was
at the poiut where hysterics were to
be safely predicted if nonie relief did
She looked up from her book and
?aw one cf the largest girl-, in the
u?ttSB erouohed in au ungainly attitude
over her desk. H<:c ic ci Wretched in'
to cbc aisle, and, worse of all, she was
chewing gum. lt was the last straw.
The teacher sprang to her feet and
''Maria, sit up. Take that gum out
of your mouth, and put your feet in."
Tbe shout of laughter from the pupils
cleared the atmosphere, abd the rest
of the session was one of the pleats
? i test, of the term.-Philadelphia
- Wheo some people look aroutd
fjr s chance to do a obaritable act
6'icy alway s use the wrong end of the
- It is. better for * young man to
bs given the icy mitt than to marry
tho girl and be kept in hot water all
the rest of his days.
Tn n TH inuc nf O Or. Thacher'*
I P,B,J"i6!!R" Pfv^ilr^ara&ttsaigsrg
I Liver ana Blood Syrup yk ??y ?^ssfeias??l
H ? 1 J?flT UU?2*** . Yellow DockT^
VS tao only preparation thnt >U ;?K sTR"f. Kan,delIon'," "
I fl really cures all kidney .WHrnW ~mJZ~ Hydrangea (8even Barks),
? * troubles, because it ls tho ?XjW.4. J ~?Z~^ Senna
B only preparation that removes /%%TMgt^W .SS^*' 1 Saraparilla,
H the cause-pats tho liver in ,, ?."^""fj v?*""-*" O en tl an,
?I healthy working order, and IfVfirP D?*?"?J Iodide o? PotasaiUXfl,>
Hthon fortlfles your system U|fj[ft|JMA ??<*u
H against future atlccks ol the , >OVEVI. . '"?fVawl Juniper Berries.
B same troubles. - - ??JRUP^ J^^. These ingredients ore care
? The .indications of kidney n ' i um m*%mmi tvUly blended in Just the
M disease arc-weakness in the Ig?lalTafer^ .ptT?-s, proper proportions to accom
Bf email of tho back, sick head- i^TT-^^J fC-H ?UA th* aa'*ired ?????.?ft
?ga ache, pains In tno loins and SMgjgttltt?fefl ^f*-*"'' There's no harm ia a tbou
fSj groins, numbness of.the ?kl?l?u^LS2 I*BS?W* sand bottles,
fl thighs, high-colored or scald- ?^SSlgfa, ?*r?-?| For sale by all drafrglthr,
Bi lng urine, milky or bloody *t?T?^S^ 1 .-'^T*1* two sizes, CO cents nnd 01.00.
ES urine, frequent desire to url- .fc^?sfi?Si- 8 ?f y?u hftV0 ncvcr tr?cd xV'i !
H nate,nausea, vomiting,colic, ISfes^r- IL.^T Ereatremedy, aend_to-day for
H constipation, hot and cold ??Ss5?i55L \mT~* * ?rssssmpl?im: UT.-Anacii
9 flashes, inrred or unnaturally .tir-IE'^^ M"^a ?f'a HealtS^Book.'^d ttote j
H red tongue. Do not neglect P-?^?rjHsn | fi*5S your symptom* Try H at
Hi those certain signs of diseased aTK??45vk I Art*'** onr expense,
H kidneys. Take Or. Thacher's *7r"|aite2* g?.^?^ , ? --?g
HJI andDlpthetronble?nthebnd. ??r?^?ssas?ffr' CHATTANOOQ*. - Tcnncaacs
Studebas er Wagons just: arrived.
Car of Kentucky, Old Hickory and Tennessee .Wagons to
Also, three cars of Buggies, Carriages, Surreys ant} pleas
ure Vehicles generally.
Call and see us.
IP YOU ARB GOING TO BUYT
We want a chance to sell you.
If you OWE ITS you don't know hov wo would appreci
ate a payment these pinching times..
VANDIVER BROS. & MA JOE;
A GOOD TIME
To have your Carriage and Bujjrjrj Repaired; and Repainted,
>?. teit-y w>ii be ready when you ween them.- We.have a *plen
rt <1 s.ock soutl. urv ;?t?ro#, frpnkea, Shafts, WW?? : ?lsc, t.?rft?.'
PAUL E. STEPHENS.
We have juBt received a Fresh lot of
' Come tb ns for all-of your
Tho Kind Toa Have Always Bought, and which bas boon,
to use for over 30 years.. lias borne.the signature of
r_ - and has been made under his per?
.jWjf sonalsupervision.since Its infancy*
(4i?C/Uw? Allow no one to deceive you ia this.
All Counterfeits, Imitation* and "Just-as-good" aro bufe
Bxperiinents that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children-Experience against Experiment*
What is CASTOR!A
Castoria Is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Parc*
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. I fe
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic*
. substance? . Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms)
and allays Feverishness, It eures Kuarrhoa und. Wind.
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep?
The Children's Panacea-The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears tho Signature of
The Kind You Haye Always
In Use For Over 30 Years.
VHS csrtvaun COMP* KY, rr BURUA* BTRCCT. new vous o ITV.
ARMOUR'S GUANO AND ACID.
ALSO, COTTON 3?ED MEAL.
If you want High Grade Goods wo will be glad to sell you.
Splendid lino of
FLOUR, COFFEE, TOBACCO,
OATS ANO O?RN. v
Wo want your trade.
1 " I
EGGS, mm mm i
For sale from the following PURET.1
. BRED Poultry :
Rose Comb Brown Leghorn,
White Plymouth Rock and
Barred Plymouth Book.
My pens are ali carefully mated,,
and are all pare bred, fine birds
from Illinois an? Massachusetts.
I paid 82.00 setting, for eggs, bat Iv'
am going to sell tnem at farmer
prices-31.00 a setting of 13. Safe
delivery and satisfaction guaran
Beliable Poultry and Cattle Farm-B. L. Branytm, Proprietor*
Honea Path, S; 0.
OHE CAB OF HOG
Have just received one Car Load of HOG FEED
(Shorts]) ot veiv cloee prices. Come before they are
all gone. Now is the time for throwing
Around your, premises to prevent a cate of fever or
some other disease, that will cost you very m?ch more
than the price of a barrel of Lime (?1.00.) We nave
a fresh shipment in stock, and will be glad to send you
some. If yon contemplate building a barn or any
o*ber building, see us before buying your
As we sell the very best qualities only.
tf&m Overear siens ned W?rs&atite
SPECXAb etl?nUo? given to thehisher
el&asea of Dental work, Orowaa, Bridge?
&vA Porcelain Inlays, each tts ar? done la
tho larger ci Hies.
Ail ?adir of Ftetes made. Gold Fill-.
In gs ?n aktlflaial teeth, any time , after
Plfttse aro TOR?O: ?' -, ' '
Oxyttan Gas ?nd Local AHaestast?d?l
KW?Q &r tie PaiD??? Extractionai ie?*J.
Baaing ??a ax?*&?? a gum*tr?at?& '
Ail cali* to the country ana ne**
by Towns lor the PA!? Jew Extraction of
T#sfch promptly att^do d to h*T\? comp*
? A, manthinks it iff when the m?**er of life
cafc? bf ?ala) t?^?ver^aking you ia to ia*
. ante ie a solid Company like
Drop in and sea na - shoat st*