Newspaper Page Text
.A. Grift of t?ae -A.grici
Washington, D. C., April 22.-The
American people have become accus
tomed more ?ir leBS, tosurpising state
ments emau^ting from the Depart
ment of Agriculture. Organized as a
concession to the rural vote and with
very little thought as to its possibili
ties, this department was for many
years known as the "cow department"
and was the subject of many a para
graph, not always animated by a kind
For the last eight years, however,
under thc direction of a real leader of
men, and a positive force in the per
Bon of James Wilson, the department
bas forged ahead until it has taken a
front rank in the field of governmental
Not long ago Representative Mann,
of Illinois; in remarks on the floor of
the House, staled that in his judg
ment one dollar spent by the Depart
ment of Agriculture wab the equiva
lent, in actual returns to the people
of fifteen dollars spent in any other
line of governmental activities, and
the facts bear out the Illinois Con
gressman's statement. We knew, in
a vague way, and have known, that
the agricultural interests are thc bone
and sinew of the republic, and all
political partisans are wont to appeal,
particularly at eleotion time, to the
man who is "close to nature" and
who lives the "simple life" as the
hope of the republic, but concrete
facts are necessary to enable us
thoroughly to appreciate the condi
The Republicans made the air vocal
from the Kennebeo to the Rio Grande,
and from Puget Sound to Palm Beach
last fall talking of the prosperity of
the last seven years and the enormous
balance of trade in favor of this Gov
ernment. As a matter of fact, were
it not for the agricultural products of
this country there would have been,
every year for the last fifteen years, a
balance of trade against this country
ranging from forty to seventy-five
million dollars a y sar. In other words,
the farmers, with their wheat, their
corn, and their dairy products, have
not only paid the excess of imports
and exports in other lines, amounting
in ten years to a half million dollars,
but have piled up in the people's oof
fer" a surplus fund of over three hun
dred millions of dollars in a Bingle de
cade. There is, therefore, no reason
why the Department of Agriculture
should not receive, not only attention,
bat generous treatment, at the handa
There is no department of the Gov
ernment where men of high ability
devote more conscientious effort to
the service of the people. Seoretary
Wilson has grouped'around him a
corps of scientists whose reputation
has become world wide. When Ar
gentina desired to start a meteorologi
cal bureau, Dr. Willis Moore, of the
Department oc Agriculture, had to
furnish the men. When the, new
Cuban Ile pub Ho began work along
Hoes similar to those followed hy our
Government, they sought, but sought,
in vaia, for some of the. scientists of
the bureau of soil surveys to examine
heir own agricultural possibilities,
france, Great Britain and other for
ego coan tri ea have tried to avail
hemselves of the results of our work,
?nd it is safe to say that to-day no
ountry in the world has as efficient
od able a Bureau of Agriculture as
Agriculture, according to Mr. Wil
OD, is a pretty wide term. , 'It in
Indes a remarkable series of expert
lents in wireless telegraphy, in the
fop and weather bureau service. It
icludes the treatment of the water of
anding lakes and reservoirs with
mooious chemicals to remove algae,
Isitie growths and injurious am
ulet, and the work baa been sue
'ul to a degree that private enter
> and medical science have not
med of. Mr. Wilson has carried
farmers' campaign against the
luit?, as in our boyhood days wo
ht the crow and woodchuck-, but
much more; soientiho methods
correspondingly superior results,
used to hear something about the
who made two blades of grass
where ODO had grown before,
department is making two kernels
heat groW where one has grown
re. Thi* means something. Tho
tion of a singlo kernel of wheat
be head amounts, according to
ful statisticians, to an increase of
i than five minion dollars in the
o of the wheat crop of this coun
ond Mr. Wilson's farmers aro
ring the farmers of Minnesota
Iowa how to do it. We used to
about.- blight and wonder what
ed it. Blight "is simply a germ
ase and they treat it now as ia
hospitals one treats dyphtheria
measles. In fact, those who
* have forgotten all about tujDe
al tura! Department to
partment of Agriculture beiug the
"oow department" and regard it as it
is, one of? the highest scientific
branches of tho Government's work.
Ooo of its highest paid clerks ranks
as stenographer and typewriter on the
rolls, and ho receives a salary that
would make most men of his profes
sion grow green with en7y, but Mr.
Stenographer and Typewriter is a uni
versity graduate, an expert linguist
and translator, and an all round man
of the world. But what have far
mer Wilson's people to do with such
a man, you say? There is hardly a
corner of the world which has not been
scoured by the soientists*of the De
partment of Agriculture in search of
new varieties of forage and food crops
whioh are capable of domestication or
or hybridizing with old varieties, and
the reports that como from Algeria,
Siberia and from the interior of China,
and the south of Africa, from the
mouotnine of Peru and the plains of
Australia to be used for the benefit of
the American farmer, have to be gone
over by careful hands. In this way
we have gotten our durum wheat,
which is revolutionizing farming in
the arid regions, prose and emmer,
Egyption riee, and a dozen other exot
ics which are becoming staples of
American farm industry.
But . tho most important achieve
ment of the scientists of the Depart
ment of Agriculture is in discovering
a method of obtaining plant food from
the air. Benjamin Franklin drew thc
lightuing from the clouds and fora
hundred and fifty years we have look
ed back to bim as thc father of elec
trical soience. Tho Department of
Agriculture is doing quite as impor
tant work by a somewhat similar
method, although not quite as epeo
tacular in its manifestations. We
have read from time to time lugubrious
articles based upon a supposed danger
cf nitrogen famine. We ha.e been
told the nitrate beds of Peru were
rapidly becoming exhausted, that the
Guano Islands were few in number
and small in extent, and that the un
avoidable outcome must be famine
and world wide ruin beoause Mother
Earth had for untold thousands of
years been giving up her store of ni
trogen to supply plant life. We knew
we were living and breathing in : an
ocean of nitrogen, bat the way to
bring the need and the supply together
waB the problem. Meanwhile the far
mers, every fall and spring, have been
spending many weary hours of pre.oi-1
ons time carting to their fields expen
sive fertilizers to do a work which
nature bad means of doing far more
effectively. Agriculturists knew that
alfalfa, dover and. cow peas, would
renovate wornout land. We knew
that white beans would grow on Gaps
God. Gradually we found out, and
indeed years ago, that these and other
leguminous plants had on their roots
nodales or knuckles to "which were
Attached little bacteria whioh per
formed a quasi-ohemioal function and
transmitted the nitrogen of the atmos
phere into plant food. > And we knew,
too, in a general way, that these bac
teria could, be c ul ti vated like the an
titoxine. Then we learned that if
these bacteria existed in the soil lo
abundance they affixed themselves to
the roots of the plants in greater num
bers abd drew down more of the life
giving nitrogen. With this as a clue,
the German Department of Agricul
ture, several years ago, started a series
of experiments in an effort to repro
duce thc bacteria. They , could grow
tho bacteria and produce the culture,
but before they got to the hands of
the farmers they had lost their power.
Then we discovered that in China and
Japan there was soil whioh contained
these germs in abondance, and ?hat
they would multiply very rapidly.
So we brought over ship loads of the
soil from the Orient, bot this was too
expensive and ineffective. Within
the last- few yeai-s otar farmer friends
in the department have been making
a preparation from which the farmer!
himself could grow tho cuitare and re
produce tho bacteria. And they will
fiend you, apon the properly suth en ti-,
cated request, three little tabes, the
contents of whioh you will mix And
put in a pail of warm water, and then
sub-divide until you have billions
of tho nitre-fixing bacteria, as they
are oalled. You then take a water
ing pot and sprinkle the seeds you
want to plant with the solution. This
can bo done in the winter time or On
days when other work does not press.
When tho seed germinates the bac
teria start to grow and develop in
countless numbers and the plant draws
all its food through these little spores,
not downward through the soil, but
upward through the air. If it is pre
ferred you can drive a sprinkling cart
Over thefield and treat tho soil itself in
the saino way, hut the seed treatment
seems to he the bebt so far.
Among " experiments whioh were
tried to illustrate this principle was
one whioh will appeal to the New
Englander. A glass jar of powdered
Bilioa or sand, absolutely destitute of
soil, wat proeured, the sand was heat
ed to eliminate any possible soil con
tained, and was then covered with
water. In the sand were planted some
white beans whieh were treated with
tho oulture, and the result was a re
markable growth of vegetation and
crop. To-day it has become some
thing more than a laboratory experi
ment, and enough to fertilize the seed
for an acre oan bo furnished at the
cost of one cent. When this was first
elaborated to the House committee a
wag among the members said that it
reminded him of a remark of a Hibern
ian friend to whom someone pre
dicted something of the same sort
and told him tho time would come
when the farmer would carry tho fer
tilizer for an acre of ground in his vest
"Yes, bo jabbers," said Pat, "an'
yo'll carry the crop in yiz other vist
Pat's fears have not been realized.
Crops of clover, alfalfa, peas and
other plan 1,0 are grown with the aid of
the wizard fertilizer fifteen and even
twenty times as great as those grown
on adjacent fields untreated.
The discovery is not a cure-all. It
will cot make every desert blossom
like a roae, but it is believed to be the
most important agricultural discovery
for a generation, and in renewing and
restoring wornout lands it will per
form a function whoBe importance
cannot be over estimated. In this
way New England should be able to
begin checking in some degree, at
at least, the dangerous egress from
her borders, and the children of thc
extreme east should be able to more
nearly hold their own with their cou
sins on the plains.
While under the old system, crop
ping exhausted thc soil, where the
inoculated seed is used the soil is
enriohed by the crop and tho bacteria
left by the leguminous plants make it
possible to raiso enormous crops of
wheat, potatoes and miscellaneous
products in following years, and many
a rugged hillside which once sup
ported its large families and sent out
the men who have dominated the lift
and growth of the great West, but is
now given over to the encroaching
brush may yet be restored to its for
The next time you look over the
Government appropriations just com
pare the various departments with a
few of these facts in mind. For the
carrent year Congress has, appropri
ated a little over three hundred and
twonty million dollars for the arts of
war, inoluding therein, as they pro
perly should be included, the? pension
appropriations. ID other words, to
keep up our military establishment
and to build our war ships and train
our soldiers, it has cost us a good deal
over a million dollars a day for the
working days of the whole year. Foi
the same period the Government has
appropriated for the Department of
Agriculture a round six millions of
dollars, or the million dollars a day
for the working, days of a single week.
By and by, the people will under
stand about this and then there will
be something doing.
Changeable Weather Causes Disease.
Breathe Hyomei and Cure Catarrh,
The ohangeable weather of Spring,
with ita warm days and c o? d nights,
is responsible for a great inorease in
tho number of cases of oatarrh. It ii
now that Hyomei, the only guarauteec
treatment for catarro that cares with
oat stomach dosing, should be used ir
Hyomei is a scientific method bj
whioh pare air impregnated with Na
tare's owu remedies for the oure o!
oatarrh, caa bo inhaled by every snf
ferer in'his or her home. Brea th ct
through the heat pocket inhaler tha
comes with every outfit, its healing
volatile, antiseptic fragrance reaohei
the luogs and air passages as no atom
leh dosing possibly can do. It give
Immediate relief and makes lastinj
Proof that the Hyomei treatmec
trill do all that is claimed for it i
found in the guarantee ander whicl
Evans Pharmacy sell it, an agreemen
to pty back.tho. price, ix tho purchase
sah pay that Hyomei has not givei
satisfaction. Complete outfit fl.OG
ixtra bottles 50o.
- When a mao's married his pov
- Tho ?joy of li vi hg is chiefly avoid
lng the pain of dying.
- There is something about a rio!
;vife mighty fascinating till you ar
Harried to her.
- A man carries OD terribly aboo
he coal hills but nobody ever hear
iim els*rc the liquor bills are to
. - It ia possible for any man to bi
oomo a millionaire io. this country
vith tho possible exc?ptico of youl
- It is bard for the leek to see wh
lonnie prefer the lily.
IN A HERONRY.
lt I? Not a Pleasure to Either th? Eye,
Ear or Mose.
*A writer-describes as follows the
abode of a colony of lierons near a
large city in this oountryo The'her
onry of which I am writing is situ
ated in a piece pi swampy woodland
not more than 300 yards from a
main traveled road. Let ono at
tempt to enter the oonilnes of thia
city of birds und'lie will ?nmedWi?
ly be made aware of tho nature of
the place. At first he will bo greet
ed by a few croaks from the outly
ing members of tho colony, the
suburbanites, as it were, and then,
as he inadvertently step; on a dry
twig that breaks with a cracking re
port, such din will suddenly arise as
will cause him to think he has en
tered bedlam. BirdsSappear by the
hundreds whore before not one could
be seen. The air is full of thc rustle
and rush of wings, and each bird
vies with his fellows in making the
most noise until their combined ef
forts produce a racket that can be
likened to nothing I know of and
that can easily be heard from a quar
ter to half a mile away. The voices
of the night herons ure anything but
"Everywhere are pieces of half
digested and decaying fish and the
bodies of young birds that have met
an untimely end by falling from the
nests, and consequently the odor is
not what might truthfully be called
savory. Altogether it is hardly the
plaxe^one^^would choose for gn carly
fiioming jaunt unless~orie had a par
ticular object in doing so, especial
ly as there is but little solid ground,
the rest being mud, water and de
caying vegetation. And yet, despite
all these unpleasant features, it is
altogether a delightful place to visit
for one who is a lover of birds.
"Occasionally a resounding thump
coming from some part of the swamp
announces tho fall of a young ono
too eager to obtain its portion of
food. These falls when thc herons
arc fairly well grown seem to trou
ble them not at all, even when the
drop is fifty or sixty feet. But-they
must be able to climb again into the
trees or provide for themselves upon
tho ground if they would live, for
tho old birds appear to be entirely
oblivious to the cries of the rillen."
Tho Shortest Names.
Many years ago there was a shop
kept in the Rue de Louvain, in
Brussels, by Therese O, and there is
a Mme. O living with her two chil
dren ot Molenbeck, a Fiiburb of tho
Belgian capital, according to, tho
Buffalo Commercial. In the Bue
d2 l'Angle, in the same commune,
lives a Mr. O (with a circumflex ac
cent), who is no relative of Mme. 0.
In 1866 among the Belgian recruits
was a young man named O, who
could not write and signed his name
with a cross, yet he could so easily
have learned to write his own name!
In the department of Somme there
is a village called Y, in the Zuyder
zee there is a bay called Y and Am
sterdam has the river Y. In the
Chinese province of Honan there is
a city called U, and in. France thero
is a river and in Sweden a town re
joicing in the name of A.
. Some have supposed that the name
infantry was applied to foot soldiers
from the fact of the page boy or un
der attendant in feudal times being
unmounted, while his lord rode off
to the battle. ? A far more likely der
ivation of the term is seen when we
remember that the infante is the of
ficial term of tho heir apparent in
Spain, as the dauphin is in France.
Infantry, therefore, was originally
a particular army of foot soldiers
raised by the infante for the purpose
of rescuing his father, who had been
overpowered in one of the many
contests with the Moors in Spain.
The name finally passed from the
particular to the general use and
was adopted by other countries.
On the apex of the Prince of
Wales' crown, which he wears on
special occasions, is a curious feath
er, or, rather, a tuft of periwak
feathers, the top of which is adorned
with a gold thread.. This feather is
said to be worth ?10,000 and has
the distinction of being the only one
of its kind in the world. It took
twenty years to procure it, and it
caused the death of more than a doz
en hunters. The reason the pursuit^
of the periwak is so dangerous is be
cause it inhabits the jungles Ari<V;
other haunts of tigers.
- ; j
Snakes and Eating. "\*?'
Snakes in menageries often fast
many months. Cases were recorded
at the Paris museum of a rattle
snake which refused food twenty
six months and a python which fast
ed twenty-nine months. But, the
record belongs to a Japanese python
which arrived in Paris in Novem
ber, 18i)9. lt died in April, 1902,
after having refused food for two
years, five months and three days.
During that time its weight had de
creased from seventy-five kilograms
?O JSw0 VP O SEI. X ??L ?
Bean tl* ?y_f^/9^A atad Voa Hare Always Bought
- A man's idea of a good summer
vacation is where he can wear his old
clothes, a woman's where she must
wear a lot of new ones.
- A pretty girl is usually more or
namental than useful.
- Successful guessers are applauded
by the public as great prophets.
OURS, NOT MINE.
A Simple Pl im That Might Prevent
Marty Nome Treked foi.
**I boll you, you ure mistaken; it
Which is a tcrpo way of putting
the sad ltistory af marty a marriage
disagreement oat* the tilings mino
and tlnne and thc domestic misery
'13ic way to settVosuch a disngrco
ment is for both parties to say, "It
Because of the struggle for minc
and thine the records of history are
rolled in blood, nations have fallen,
barriers of hatred have hoon raised,
brother has fought brother. Envy,
dissension and division have come
because mon have contended for
that which is not theirs, but "ours."
Organized selfishness in our dav
has manifested itself in thc groat
corporation spiders that have spread !
their webs far and wide, controlling
tho avenues of approach, watching
for victims with their many faceted
eyes, gathering to themselves what
is not theirs, but "ours/'
The world is ours.
Sky and earth-ours.
Sunshine and shade-ours.
Howers and birds-ours.
Fruits and fertile fields-ours.
And the Master of us all taught
us to pray, "Our Father."
Ladies and gentlemen, everywhere
j is needed this doctrine of "ours"
in the family, city, state, nation,
The solution of all earth's prob
lems is wrapped up in the one say
"Everything is ours."-Milwaukee
In the home of a New England
farmer there are two small heir"
bright little fellows, six and sevea
years old, named Will and Eugene.
Like most other lads, both of them
dislike work, especially "chores,"
and when these small services are re
quired each frequently evinces a de
sire to have the ot^or take the la
boring oar. Once i?e family physi
cian was calling at tho house ia at
tendance on the motlier. As he was
putting on his gloves to go away he
ran a professional glance over thc
"Mrs. Fuller/' he remarked, "the
younger of your two boys, Eugene,
is more robust than Will. He has
greater vitality. His blood is bet
About an hour later, as dusk was
falling, the mother said: "Will, you
must lill the wood box for morning.
Fetch in four armfuls."
"I don't want to!" whined Will
"Make Gene go. His blood's bet
ter'n mine."-Youth's Companion.
Human Hair Market.
The human hair industry is a very
active one in France, the depart
ments most frequently visited by
the hair merchants being those of
Correze, Creuse, Allier, Cher, Dor
dogne and Haute Vienne. The av
erage price given for a full, long
head of hair is from 8 shillings to
25 shillings for the very best quality
and color. The girls of the districts
mentioned above, which are exceed
ingly poor, stipulate that their hair
shall not be cut short in front and
conceal the shorn appearance at the
back by a draped colored handker
chief. The best shades of light and
blond hair are obtained from Ger
many and Switzerland, and for these
high prices are paid.-London Mail.
Britishers Do Not Flatter.
A Boston lady who had been re
ceived with much favor by the Folk
lore society in London rather ques
tioned the sincerity of her warm re
ception and said she supposed, like
the French people, the English flat
ter. "Not at all," was the protest
of a London friend. "You need not
consider it possible for an English
person to flatter." And then she
gave an instance. Some one looking
at ci painting said to the artist whose
picture, lt was, "It isn't so bad, you
Know." "Now don't be fulsome,"
was the reply.-Boston Herald.
Her Money's Worth.
During her sojourn at a hotel a
lady broke an article belonging to
a toilet china 6et. On leaving the
house she was charged with the en
tire set. As remonstrance was un
availing, she paid the bill and, plead
ing the excuse of having forgotten
something, returned to the room and
'broke each and ever}' article of the
set for which sho had paid. And
/Some" peoplo say women are not clev
An Inquisitive Miss.
Her nurse had fallen, asleep, and
a four-year-old girl toddled to the
pulpit steps in a church and tem
porarily stopped the sermon by ask
ing the clergyman: "Please, man,
why do you get up there? Why
don't you come down?" When a
church warden gently lcd her back
to her seat amid the tittering of the
congregation she repeated her ques
tion, adding, "Can he see better?"
- A homely rich girl can get mar
ried to a poor man as quiok as a pret
ty girl to A rich man.
- The move frills a woman has on
her clothes the more she puts on her
I -College education is such a failure
for some boys that they don't evun
know anything about athletics when
they come oat.
-- An ol 1 bachelor says love is
more like , a pestilence than a dis
Ryd&le's Stomach Tablets??
Ca trees belching, gas, or wind in th? Causes Cramps and pain in the stasodby.
stomach, heartburn, sour stomach, etc* sick stomach, etc? % *
digest all kinds of food and prevent fer- digest the food and rest the biomacfiw
mentation, and tho formation of gas and They stimulate, tone the digestive organ***
acid in the stomach. They never fail to and cure dyspepsia in its wortt forms. ?
cure Indigestion* -
Indigestion and Dyspepsia.
Mr. It. E. Jonee.. buyer for Parker & Bridget, whoso largo department ?.torea ore located ns :
Oth Ru und l'eim. Ave., Washington, D. C., writes us, under dato of April 14th, 10M, aa. toUemnr
Ijist February, ono j-ear ano, while lu Wow York on business for my fino, ? caught a severe colds*,
which laid roo up for never?! weeks, and left me weak aud nervous. My physicuns could Dot get .
nt the cause, Their prescriptions did little or no Rood. Aa my appetite, was poor and roy food .
did not digest well, I decided to usa Kydate's Stomach Tablets. A friend assured me they were, HI
good djhj>epsla medicine. After tnUiu? a few dose?, I began to realtos that I was (rotting better,
I have used two boxes of these tablets and have gullied ?0 pounds nnd never felt better in my lifo.
Hvdale'B Stomach Tablets cured me and 1 recommend them most heartily tonuiTerers from nervous \
indigestion and a general run down couditiou of tho system, ltydalu's Stomach Tablets art
manufactured and guaranteed by tho .av^?r
RADICAL REMEDY COMPANY, Hickory, WTC?
FOR SALE BY EVANS PHARMACY.
Wanted to Buy.
Good, Flat Laud, in good state
of cultivation and well im
Wanted to Sell.
132 acree, Hall Township-40 acres in bottom landa that will yield 10D3>
bushels corn. Fair improvement.
148 acre?, Savannah Township, known as Evergreen place. Well im
proved, good orchard.
84 acres, Hopewell Township. Tenant house, barn, Seo. 45 aerea ta: .
cultivation, balance woods and old field?.
152 acree, Rock Mills Township. Price 81200.
963 acres, Broadway Township. Well improved. Price 82500'
8fi acres, Varennes Township-improved.
200 acres, Fork Township.
JOS. J. FRETWELL5
ANDERSON, S. Cfc
THE SOUTH'S GREATEST SYSTEM? 1
Unexcelled Dining Car Service.
Through Pullman Sleeping Cars on ant-Trains'; ,
ConvenientlSchedules on all LocallTrainsu
WINTER TOURIST RATES are now in'effect to all Florida^ Pein!?
For fe-I information as to rates, routep,. etc.^consultj.nearest Souther?
Railway Ticket Agent, or
R. W. HUNT, Division Passenger Agent, Charleston, S. d
L S B
il 2 s
Ott, Bia cw, M
This Establishment has been Selling
IN ANDERSON for more than forty years. Daring all that; time competitors
have come and gone, but wo have remained right ?.ero. We have always sold
Cheaper than any others, and during those long yoars wo have not had ono dis
satisfied customer. Mistakes will sometimes occur, and if'at any timo ire
found that a customer was dissatisfied we did not mst until w> bMd u.... Linc
satisfied. This policy, rigidly adhered to, has made us friends, true and labs*
ing, and we can say with pride, but without boasting, that we have the confi
dence of the people of thia section. Wa have a larger Stock of Gooda ti ss
season than we have ever had, and we pledge you ourword that we have nev, ?
sold Furniture at as close a margin of profit SB we are doing now. Thia lt*
proven by the fact that we are selling Furniture not only all over AndcreoG
County but in every Town in the Piedmont section. Como and see us, Your
parents saved money by buying from us, and you and your children can save
money by buying hOTB too. We carry EVERYTHING in tho Furniture line.,
G? F. TOLLY &:SON, Depot Street
The .OldjReliable FurniturelDealer?
WE have moved our Shopand office below Peoples' Bank? in front"<yj
Mr. J. J. Fret wei l's Stables. We respectfully ask all our friends that neejfc
ney Roofing done, or any kind of Repair work, Engine.Stacks, Evaporator^
or any kind of Tin or Gravel Roofing tc ?all on ns, as we ara prepared to cfo
it! pxemptly and in best maaner.t SolicitiDg'yourpatronage, we are,
Respectfully, B?RRIGS & DI WER,