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A VISIT TO A P
Victor I. Masters i
How many of our southern people
bave ever gone through one of the
g.-eat paoking houbc-s of Chicago, St.
Louis, or Kansas City, from which
come the (neat product*- which we
have on oar tables? Noi many. I
buepcct the story of what one sees
ou his journey :hruugh one of
these plants would be interesting, and
r<> will undertake to tell of a journey
a party took recently through the
packing house of Swift & Company at
Kansas City. Swift's is one of six
great plants engaged in the packing
industry out at the Kansas City
6tockyards, and is typical of tho
Let me premise with aom- figures
which are instructive, though hsrd'y
aesthetic The stock yards cover 160
acres, of wbioh 42 acres are under
roof. There are 3,000 brick paved
cattle pens. The daily capaoity is
L'5,000 oattle, 35,000 hogs and 15,000
ehcep, or a total of 75,000. And it
takes this full number to keep en
gaged the six slaughter houses from
which a small relative proportion of
the American people get their meats.
But these figures will not impress
you; figures are never really impres
hive. Come, then; go with us out
to that place of lowing cattle, bleat
ing sheep, and squealing hogs, and
most of all, unprecedented odors,
and sec if it is not novel and interest
Our guide was Howard, a bright lad
of 14. Howard first conducted us into
a great room- where lard products
were paoked. Dozens of truckmen
moved the lard into the room, and
others pushed it into railway oars for
(shipment. The next room was where
the "cured" hams and breakfast ''aeon
were made ready for the market.
Girls with wonderful dexterity and
adroitness put the hams into the
sacks in which the consumer rcceiw.,
them, and sewed them up. Further
on another batch of girls were paoking
sausage in little sacks.
From the third story we were next
taken through a maze of doors, down
dark stairways and passages, suffi
cient utterly to oonfuse you, into the
great cellars, and there they were
pickling the meats wbioh are to be
canned. The warmth of the day, em
phasized in our feelings by endless
climbing up and down narrow and
dark stairways, gave way in the cel
lar to a winter-like ooolness. The
large iron pipes ; which run about
under the low ceiling, just over your
head, are caked in inches of frozen
vapor which Sparkled with a fairy
land suggestion in a reflection of the
feeble light from the few eleotrio
bulbs. We were as gl?d when we got
out of this artificial winter as when
we got into it.
From these eold caverns wo mount
ed once more through an intermin
able maze of stairways and pas
sages. ' :
I shall oall It Swift & Company's
"creamery." It is whert "butterine"
i3 produced, I do not know whether
the dictionaries have recognized this
new product, but I shall take it for
granted and leave off the quotation
A big wheel with piddles turned in
a long vat of something which looked
like milk, smiting the liquid with
each arm, and at the other end of the
vat the butter rose to the surface,
*nd two men stood there with a big
I cotton cloth ladling out the butter (?),
ten pounds at a dip and continually
8o far as we could judge, this Was
j teal butter, though the hundreds of
I Pllono of bepsddled milk looked very
queer and pale, like it might be suf
fering from nervous prostration.
After this, though, a quantity of oil
and animal fat is added and the pro
duct is butterino, 30 cents a pound.
The mixture stands loaded on great
tracks about the room and over on
the other side two men are busy
Moulding it. A man takes & double
handful ofbntterine from the bulk,
?tcb it a couple of pats like a negro
"mamma' does her intended "pone".
?f cornbrcad, then ho brings it down
*Uh a vigorous whack into the mould,
taking a spatter all arovad. Tho
?ext man sooops off tho better in e
'bioh protrudes about the mould,
Ptesaea a treadlo, which shoots un
r*r<* iz "the luuom of the mould,
^?d there is your butterine.
Bat not for these things did we
"ne to tho stockyards. For a sight
f wholesale slaughter it was we cam?.
">d now How??d conducts us to those
?o rooms where daily thousands of
jinuls ara Bacri?ced to t he demands
the human stomach. There is
"nothing fascinating iu slaughter,
Wst!y though it is. It s is a ornej
" hjess, however usage and neces
Ity wsy havV taught us to wink at it
Ho into the bareyard and pick up a
icken*which is enjoying such life
a Columbia State.
as there io ;c the chicken world, and
say, "I must dine and your flesh is
toothsome; come reader up your life
that I may enjoy pleasant sensations
in my palr.te for some moments and
stomachia repletion for a few hours,"
has a certain element of hardiness
and uruelty in it, albeit I bo dubbed
guilty of needless sentimentality for
the assertion. Fortunately no one
talks to the chicken as I have; he just
cuts its head off, whioh has the ad
vantage of being a direot and pointed
mode of procedure, whioh suits sel
And in those gory rooms, all spat
tered and red with the fresh life's
blood of the. cattle of many a hill and
tue i&BCCdnt sheep of the pasture,
there is no moralizing and refleoting,
and no vein of sentiment touches the
hundred men who, with busy rapidity,
usher the unending stream of animals
to their end and their flesh to tht.
paokiog rooms. If animals had souls
what an endless flight of spirits there
would be from those awful rooms!
If they had hearts to feel and hope
and despair, what a loud unending
wail of utter despair would ascend
unto the heavens from these shambles!
And all that we may have steak or
potk chops for dinner! Products
whioh the health culturists and some
experience may have suggested to us
had better be tabooed if or a vegetable
But if you are sentimental when
you approach this house of death your
sentiments will pall in the presence
of the odors whioh proceed therefrom.
They slap you in the faoe, permeate
your olothing, enter your being, pos
sess your imagination, consume your
thoughts, and seem to debilitate your
very oonscienoe. I am not expert in
perfumes, still less in antipodal soents.
But were I a graduate in a sohool of
odors, the sm;>ll of the slaughter-room
of a packing house would in itself be
a post-graduate course whioh would
entitle mo to an additional degree. I
osnnot describe it, and you wou.d not
wish to have it described. Tu: odors
in the paoking rooms are really appe
tizing and inviting, but those of the
slaughter-room and fertilizer depart
ments are anti-olimaxio in the ex
treme. One member of the party
oould not stand it, but ran away, try
ing to oover his nose with a hand
kerchief * and the stimulated nose
seemed to grow too big to be covered.
The slaughtering is simple. An
old deooy steer leads in a new drove
of cattle from adjacent pens. Down
the long room on brick pavements
they come. Two by two they are
closed in pens at the side of the room.
Then come men with hammers and
knock them in the head. The ani
mal falls with a thud, the body
quivers, a ohain is fastened about the
body and machinery lifts it up and
into an adjacent space, where the
throat is out and the process begun
whioh will turn the body within an
incredibly brief time into a dozen
finished meat producta.
Before the time has passed, whioh
is necessary to desoribo this, the old
deooy steer has marched. baok from
the pene of destruction, from which
the chains have lifted his fallen, breth
ren, and is nonohalently leading in
another three score of candidates for
death. The old rascal! But his own
end is drawing nigh. Some fateful
day he is not allowed to walk baok
from the ranks he has led on the
death march, but is hustled into one
of the pens with another, and in a
trice his old carcass is being hoisted
by chains on the way to being fash
ioned into "tenderloin steak*' and
other Hko delicacies. I never killed >
but one beef, though reared oc the
plantationt but I should like to strike
the blow that would and tho fiend
ish old deooy steer of a slaughter
, . The process for hogs and sheep is
Similar, but conducted from different
slaughter pens. We went through
the slaughter room for ticga. An
endless chain of hogB, each huog in
the usual fashion, the flesh still warm
With lifo, slowly moved about the
room. About 100 men stood in line,
each man with knife or other imple
ment charged to do a certain single
thing in the process of dressing the
caroaas for the p^cki?g rooms. When
tho hog has reached the end of the
line ho is quite a clean looking hog?
and really olean, if r* hog can be made
so. The oapaoity of that particular
room is 5,000 hogs ft day, or 500 an
hour for a day of 10 hours. This
will give somo idea of the relentless
and unerring swiftness with which
death is dealt out there.
Perhaps ft bas uni been a pleasant
theme, but as long as wo eat pork end
mutton and beef, we must bo inter
ested to.know the method by. whion
these things como to the table.
The Kansas City packing house'
consume more than 6.000,000 head of
animals annually, three times as large
a number as the human population of
South Carolina. It is the second great
est packing pl*ne in the world.
A POLITE SALESMAN.
How Ho Struck It Rich With a Shabby
A friend of the late Charles Loek
hnrt, Standard Oil mngnate; relating
some of the deceased millionaire's
eccentricities, told the following
Something happened to him in
New York which would make n plot
for a Sunday school book if the
fame plot nadir* t happened too
often in Sunday school books that it
is getting trite.
There was a new silverware and
jewelry establishment struggling
along in New York. Not a small
shop, you understand, but a big
concern, which was not yet recog
nized as a leader in fashionable
trade. One very hot summer after
noon a tall, sad and rather ill dress
ed old man entered the shop and
said he wanted to buy a wedding
Now, it was a hot day, the clerks
were tired and irritated, and the
stranger looked like a visitor from
the remote farming district with
about $1.49 to 6pend. lie passed
from counter to counter pricing
The clerks were not at all cordial.
At last, down at the end of the sil
verware department, he bumped
into a young fellow, a new man in
the shop.. This clerk was trying to
make good; also, to do the situation
justice, he hadn't been there long
enough to know the difference be
tween a promising customer and an
The old man went higher and
higher in his examination of silver- |
ware. He got to pricing full sets
of silver plate. After the young
clerk had run. through the list he
"Is that the best you've got?"
The young clerk remembered then
that the firm had begun the manu- |
facture of a specially designed, ex
tra heavy set of plate for a rich I
New York family. The order, had
been canceled, but some of the
pieces had been finished for show.
He trotted out that set.
The old man figured out on the
back of an envelope every frill
which could be added to a set of sil
ver plate, shoved his list at the
clerk and asked how much it would
cost. The clerk consulted the man
ager and answered that it would bo
fifty thousand and some odd dollars
"All right, have it made for me/'
said the old man.
"How much do you want to de
posit?" asked the clerk.
"Oh," said the customer, "I'll pay
the whole thing and get it off my
mind." So he drew a check for the
The clerk didn't recognize the sig
nature?he'd never heard of Charles
Lockhart?so he took it to the man
ager and asked if the latter thought
it was good.
"Good for a thousand times 50,
000," said the manager.
Lockhart came hack to that store
in the Christmas season that year.
The clerks knew him that time, for
the $50,000 purchase had become a
tradition of the store. He went
past them all, though, and asked for
the clerk who had sold him the sil
ver plate. When he found his man,
Lockhart bought $30,000 worth of
This story ends the way it ought
to end for the Sunday school library.
The clerk with an $80,000 a year
customer on his string attracted the
attention of the firm, and now he's
a big man in the silverware business.
Sounds like a chapter from
"Thrift," by Samuel Smiles, doesn't
The Retort Vicious.
"A number of years ago when I
lived in Woburn, Mass.," said a well
known Bostonian the other day in
the Boston Herald, "a Dr. Kelley
resided there and was the leading
physician of the town. Later there
came a young physician.who was far
less successful than his neighbor.
In fact, he lost so many cases that
many remarks were made concern
"One morning while-out making
calls the two doctors met, Dr. Kel
ley having one of his patients riding
with him. Dr. Brown, the other phy
siciair, ^uied;jhm^ good
morning, doctor; I Bee you take
yourp&tients to ride?* ' t
" "rxes/ said the other. 1 see
Griggs takes yours/
"Grigg8 was the undertaker."
India's Sacred Vulture.
'A specimen of the very rare
'Tondicherry," or "sacred vulture,"
of India and Africa was shot recent
ly in South Africa. Its measure
ments were: From tip to tin of
wings, l?? inches; from beak to tip
of taii, 43 inches. The "sacred vul
ture," which grows to an immense
sire, has its head bare, neck covered
with fxdds of skin of a pinkish hue
arid tremendously powerful beak and
claws.; It is described as very-self
assertive, driving off all other birds
from their prey. It- builds enor
mous nests of sticks and leaves and
Jay's but one egg during the season.
? Lots of men who pay as they
go aro in no hurry about making a
--Women eeldoji go ou a strike be
cause they caa't hit the oaii oo the
A ?ood Motto.
"If you never do more than you are
paid for, you will never get paid for
more than you do."
A good ?potto, that! It is the motto
whioh tho girls of a trado training
echool in Boston have adopted as the
principle whioh shall guide them in
It might well be tho motto of every
man and woman who toils. And woo
of us do not? Who is thero to whom
it does not apply?
These young girls who are prepar
ing themselves for a life of the high
est 80'jtal service?that of real use
fulness in the work of the world?
have hit upon the principle of true
suoccss. In fact, they have hit upon
the only principle whivh can assure
success that is worthy of tho name.
It i3 a Bafe guide?tho only safe guide
for working girls and for working
boys; for workingmen and for working
It is a motto whioh may be expand
ed into a philosophy of life.
It stands for honesty, for fidelity
and for efficiency. It stands for pur
pose, for courage and for zeal. It
recognizes the value of sinoerity, of
worth. It places manhood and wo
manhood above everything else. It
marks the way of'.success. LL ~J
to The man who gives less than ho
receives will be left behind in the race
of life. It is the fit who survive.
The real failures are the men and
women who have deceived themselves
into thinking that they can suoceed
without being worthy of success.
They give little and expect much.
They are doomed to disappointment.
They may accumulate money, but
their lives are destitute of those
achievements which mean suocess.
They may wield power over their fel
lowmen, but their own souls are
dwarfed by their thoughts and their
The success worth struggling for
is not to be attained in that way.
These Boston girls have found the
key which opens the door of true suc
It is the key of merit. The servant
must be worthy of his hire.?Atlanta
? mm??m?mt -
Dreamed She Saw The Boy.
Spartanburg, May 19.?Skeptically
inclined persons, immersed in mate
rial affairs and alive only to the daily
grind of life and the gathering in of
shekels, plaoe little faith in dreams;
but Mrs. Curtis Wall of Aroh street,
whose husband is a well known con
tractor, attaches a deep significance
to her dreams, and has excellent, rea
sons for doing so. Mrs. Wall is a re
lative of Officer Henry Dodd of the
polioe force, who related to your cor
respondent a dream and its sequel,
whioh will never be forgotten by the
Several days ago there was $20 se
creted in a closet of Mr. Wall's house.
That night on retiring Mrs. Wall, who
had placed the money away for "a
rainy day," dreamed twice that it had
been stolen by a little negro boy and
the features of the thief were indeli
bly stamped on her mind. She dream
ed that this boy bad stolen a ten dol
lar bill, a five dollar bill and a one dol
lar bill, leaving four, of the sum total
?$20. The next morning, yesterday,
the wert to the house of a cc-gro man
not a great distance off, a^d feeling so
sure; of the identity of the thief of
whom she dreamed, she walked in and
saw a little negro boy about eight
years of age who fitted the picture and
said, "I have come for my money."
It was quickly forthcoming?the ten
dollar note, five dollar note and one
dollar bill. On account of the extreme
youth of the negro, he was not prose
cuted. He confessed that he went to
Mr. Wall's one afternoon recently to
buy milk, when there was no one at
? There wonld bs a whole lot of
money in inventing something that
would make money unnecessary.
? A woman likes to oontradiot you
when she ought not so you won't be
surprised that she doesn't when she
? There is a slight difference be
tween being a bachelor and having all
his money left over at tho end of the
month to buy the girl he likes $2
worth of flowers and being married to
her and borrowing car fare from her
two weeks before ovciy pay day.
? There's more religion in a whis
tie,than in a whine._
"where dise vil
Ko Keed for "Germe" If
The ideal breeding place for dis
easo germs is a weak stomach and
digestive system. The food, instead
of being assimilated, turc? into a
sour, slimy, fermenting mass, caus
ing gases, -distress after eating, bloat
ing, riausea'. and flatulency. The
poisonous germs that are given off
f .otn this undigested food enter the
blood, end pimples, boils; and blotch
ed skin is the. result. Nervousness
and sleeplessness . come more often
from weakened digestion than from
any other one cause.
No ordinary food digestive can give
? The Mexican dollar is now worlh
only 49 cents and 8 mills in the Unit
? Jno. P. Mclntyre committed sui
cide at his homo in Atlanta by cut
ting his throat with a re/.or.
? The bayjnet of the new army
rifle is to bo four iuches longer than
the one now iu use
? Miss Annie Keenam had her leg
hurt in a vunaway at Wilmington and
had to have it amputated.
? The last survivor of tho War of
1812 has passed away, but there arc
yet a number of widows on the pen
j ? Many thousands of Japaneso
laborers are said to bo waiting on tho
Hawaiian Islands for transportation
to tho United States.
? Maj. Geo. Lunsford P. Lotnax, a
Confederate general, has been ap
pointed on tho Gettysburg battlefield
? Farmers in the vicinity of
Amenons, Ga., have applied to have
a term of court postponed as they
are too busy fightiug grass to attend.
? John Hoch, tho man in Chicago
who was said to have had 40 wives
and who was charged with tho mur
der of one of them, has been sen
tenced to hang.
? Atlanta's new depot has been
thrown open for business. It covers
thirteen acres and is one of the finest
in the world. It has every conven
ience for the traveling public
? Tho convention of the Washing
ton Diocese of the Protestant Epis
copal Churoh appointed a committee
to investigate alleged errors in Mary
land school histories.
? Mrs. Blackshire, of Brookville,
W. V., is in jail charged with having
hired Robert McClosky to kill her
husband, iu order that she might col
lect his insurance policy of $1,000.
? L. P. Ohliger, ex-president
Wooster, Ohio, national bank, and
ex-congressman, was sent to the peni
tentiary for eight years for issuing a
draft .when there was no money in the
bank to meet it.
? Lern Walker a farmer of Coving
ton, Ga., shot and killed his neighbor
named Adams and then attempted
suicide, but was prevented. Domes
tic troubjes caused tho tragedy.
? At least 19 persons were killed
and about 75 injured by the Cleve
land and Cincinnati express over tho
Pennsylvania running into a freight
train containing dyeitmite, which ex
ploded, at South Harrisburg, Pa.
? Laurens Ross and EL C. Reed,
tho president and secretary of the
Ross Cotton Spool Co., have been
arrested at Augusta, Ga., charged
with using the United States mail for
? Aooording to the department of
commerce and labor, during 1094 there
were 1,053,000,000 pounds of coffee
consumed in the United States, valued
at $81,000,000. This is equivalent to
about thirteen pounds to every man,
woman and child of the population.
? Mr. George Hearn, e prominent
farmer of North Carolina, was struck
and instantly killed by lightning Fri
day afternoon, at his home four miles
from Charlotte. His nephew, Neeley
Hern, was knooked unoonsoious by
the same bolt. They were out gather
> ing eherries at the time.
? The town of Vineland, N. J.,
was the other day held up by an angry
woman with a hat pin. For half an
hour she defied all of the authorities
and all of the citizens, and none dared
approach within reach of the deadly
hat pin. At length, however, she
was oaptured by strategy and disarm
? Lieut. Edward ST. Miller, a Ponn
sylvanian, is now the practical agent
of the authority of the United States
in the province of Paraguu, Philip
pines. At the age of 30 and with
only two assistants of his own race,
he is maintaining law and order in a
territory of 1,650 square miles, em
bracing seventy-nine islands.
? At Marion, lud., John MoCor
miok was fined $37 by Judge Wil
liams for having one cigarette paper.
Being unable to pay, he was sent to
jail for 47 weeks. MeCormiok had
been arrested for vngranoy, but when
the single cigarette paper was found a
charge under the anti-cigarette law
? Rev. Dr. 'Robert S. Maoarthur
bas oelebrated the close of his thirty
fifth year as pastor of Cavalry Bap
tist Churoh in the city of New York.
Great orowds attended the services in
commemoration of the day. In his
35 years of service Rev. Maoarthur is
said never to have missed a Sunday
through illness. He will begin his
thirty-sixth year by starting an impor
tant movement of a misionary nature
in the city, plans for which he is now
? Mrs. Letitia Tyler Semple
daughter of President Tyler, and for
mer mistress of the White House,
celebrated her 84th birthday in Rich
mond, Va., last week, says tho.Phila
delphia Ledger. Mrs. Semple was a
friend of Morse, whose invention of
the telegraph was tested during Ty
ler's administration, and was among
the first to send messages over the
wires. 8be christened the Allegheny,
the first iron-clad to which steam was
applied. It was built at Pittsburg.
3 GEIMH BREED.
the Stomach be Healthy.
lastiLg relief. It is absolutely nec
essary, if one wishes to bo well, to
use Mi-o-na, the only known remedy
that soothes and heals the muoeus
membrane of the stomach and diges
tive tract, stimulates the solar-plexus,
and strengthens the . nerves of the
Mi-o-na is a guaranted oure for
all diseases of the stomach, excepting
cancer, a guarantee being given by
' Evans Pharmacy with every package
they '?eil, agreeing to refund the money
should the remedy not give perfect
a new, scientific remedy for. the
Blood and Nerves
It purifies the blood by eliminating tho waste
matter a-id other Impurities and by destroying
the gernw or microbes that Infest the blood. It
builds up the blood by restoring and multiply
ing tho red corpuscles, making tho blood rich
and red. It restores and stimulates the nerves,
causing a full free How of nervo fort-?? through'
out tho entire nerve system. It speedily cures
unptrung nerves, nervousness, nervous pros
tration, and all diseases of tho nervous system.
a rc*J cure for
RYDALE'S TONIC Is a 6i>eclflc for all forum
of Malaria. It acts on a new principle, it kill';
tno microbes that produce Malaria. The cause
being removed, the disease quickly disappears. !
RY DALE'S TONIC is guaranteed to euro the
most obstinate cases of Malarial Fever, ( hille
ami Fever, A^iic, etc. Wo authorize all dealer*
handling our remedies to refund tho purchase
price for every bottlo of RYDALE'S T0N1?
that does not give satisfaction.
RADICAL REMEDY COMPANY.
HICKORY. N. C.
FOR SALE BY EVANS PHARMACY.
Wanted to Buy
Good, Flat Land, in good state
of cultivation and well im
Wanted to Sell.
132 acres, Hall Township?40 acres in bottom lands that will yield 1000
bushelB corn. Fair improvement.
148 acres, Savannah Township, known as Evergreen place. Well im
proved, gel orchard.
84 acres, Hopewell Township. Tenant house, barn, Sec. 45 acre3
cultivation, balance woods and old fields.
152 acres, Rock Mills Township. Price 81200.
96i acreB, Broadway Township. Well improved. Price 82500
87? acres, Varennea Township?improved.
200 acres, Fork Township.
JOS. J. FRETWEL.L,
ANDERSON, S. C.
THE SOUTH'S GREATEST SYSTEMS
Unexcelled Dining Car Service.
Through, Pullman Sleeping Cars on alllTrains. m
ConvenientuSchetlules on all LocallTrains.
WINTER TOURIST RATES are now intellect to all Florida^ Pointa
For full information as to rates, routes, etc./^consultj.neareat Southern
Railway Ticket Agent, or
R. W. HUNT, Division Passenger Agenl, Charleston, S. C.
H _ c
* 3 s
?lst Biggest CW, hg
This Establishment has been Selling
IN ANDERSON for more than forty years. Daring all that time competitor
have come and gone, bnt we have remained right here. We have always sold
Cheaper than any others, and during those long years wt> have not had one dis
satisfied customer. Mistakes will sometimes occur, and if fat any time we
found that a customer was dissatisfied we did not rest until we had u.*Ju hira
satisfied. This policy, rigidly ' ** red to, has made ub friends, true and last
ing, and we can say with pride, without boasting, that we have the confi
dence of the people of this stctiou. We have a larger Stock of Goods thi*
season than we have ever had, and we pledge you our word that we have ne et
sold Furniture at as olose a margin of profit as we'are doing now. This is
Sroven by the fact that we are selling Furniture not only all over Anderson
ounty but in every Town in the Piedmont section. Gome and see us. Your
parents saved money by baying from us, and you and your children can save
money by buying here boo. We carry EVERYTHING in the Furniture line,
C. F. TOLLY &Z&ON. Depot Street.
WE have moved our Sbopand office below Peoples' Bank, in front of
Mr. J. J. Fretwell'a Stables. We respectfully ask all our friends that need
any Roofing done, or any kind of Repair work, Engtae.Stacks, Evaporators,
or any kind of Tin or Gravel Roofing to call on us. oa we ere prepared to do
it! promptly and in best mconer.ff Boliciling"your patronage, wo are.
ReBpeotfolly,! OTBRK8 A DIVTfiR.