Newspaper Page Text
This i- the story of a woman's cour
age and what cam'' .1 it.
fa the last year "f t!:?' war, Aber
icon. Mi>s.. w:t^ entered by the h'cd
irai soldiers under (?eneral Sturgis.
Sturgis war- looking for 'ieocral For
rest u^d the pretty and aristocratie
little city of Aberdeen was in his way.
The -oldie:- swarmed through the
town. An officer led a few of them
Into the suburbs. Ho was attracted
by the beauty and homelike appear
ance of the houses out there.
"The Oak s' ' was the name of one of
' ihc handsomest of those homes. As
' Mi C&plctn entered the great gate and
..?.rircd into the circular drive, the
t Mistress of The Oaks prepared to meet
Lhc enemy. The officer mounted the
ff&eps cad walked across the wide gal
tlerf fee th* front door. The mistress
- of The ?>akt> met him.
"<*oed morning, sir," she said.
** ?rhat will you have?"
Tbc o?cer walked in, looked about
and '..hen turned his eyes upon
"Ke is in the rebel army," calmly
oetydied the lady.
Che officer bowed. Then he asked:
" 'Have you any sous, madam?"
"I havo four sons," was the reply.
"'Where are they?"
"They arc in the rebel army."
The officer bowed again. Then he
- .gave the brave woman a look of ad
"It seems that this is a rebel
&ouse," he remarked.
"Oh, yes," was the reply. "We
-would not bo anything else; we are
-proud of it. If I had a million
rioon they would all bo in the rebel
"Madam," said the Captain, "your
Msxndor pleases me. Do you know that
oiany of tho women down in this part
of tho oountry tell us that they are
for tho Union. In fact, they olaim
^.hat they are original I"niQ)a sympa
"They arc afraid of yU,v t?is the
tuiet roply. "They 1 Ope tO save
their homes from ?pillage oj fanning
your favor in that way."
The officer smiled. "You do not
-itcein to be afraid of us," he remarked.
"I am not afraid of you," sho re
plied, and her eyes met his unflinch
ingly . "As jou came up the steps I
saw that you were an officer. ?? a
cule, officers are gentlemen. I am not
?fraid of gentlemen."
The officer bowed low.
Susi then a private soldier entered
the hall. Tho lady and her guest
wore in the drawing-room by this
"What are you doing in here?'
soared the Captain. "You get out
-and stay out!"
Then, turning to the lady, he
"I will put guards about your plaoe,
and you will not be molested."
He gavo orders to that effect and
tsoon Tho Oaks was secure from the
intrusion of marauders. Tho twelve
Txcres which constituted that beautiful
place was guarded by a squad of Un
ion soldiers. Nothing was taken from
Che place except au old saddle and
bridle which had been carried off be
fore the Captain gave his order. "Un
cle Bob,'' the old family servant, had
buried the silver in the vineyard
when the news came that the "Yan
kees were coming."
The Captain returned to the parlor
and said to the mistress of The
"Madam, where is Goaeral For
"I have not the slightest idea," was
the reply, "but I presume yen will
Sad ihira soon enough. In fact, I
t&iak he will aid you very materially
in the search." Sho smiled as he
c: gased at her.
* "You think he will resent our pur
* ?oit -of htm?" asked the Captain.
**YovPiuDDW we outnumber him."
VY?s," TOfJied the lady, "but
'Qonts&l ''-Forrest is not used to being
whipped. IBesides, this is Forrest's
country, ar.-S.'he will take care of it.
?>o not be alarmc.dl- You will find
him soon enough."
This prophecy was a true one. A
- few -miles from Aberdeen, at Brice'a
" ?coss TOV&8, Sturgis encountered an
' unexpected obstruction. It was Gen.
Forrest and his men.
*More than 40 years have passed
-since that morning. It may not be
?miss to quote the words of a Con
federate soldier who fought under
Porrest. James Dinkins has written
bis "Recollections of an old Johnnie,"
?ad hf describes?tke meeting of Stur
mis and Forrest,
y j "General Sturgis," writes. Mr.
I) /Dinkins, "stated to a lady at whose
. ' house u-car Salem ho remained all
anight on his down trip, that he was
v,:4^rfter Forrest this time, and if he'would
< iv I I orne.
j stand h), and givca chance, and ne
I run away, ho wuuhJ destroy his com?
Inland and bring Forrest back a pris
oner. Tin lady replied.
"Look out. lie may m ad you hack
"The General laughed and said:
'No danger, and do not he surprised if
I stop on my return with Forrest a
"The proud and confident General
moved his army forward in military
order, with everything in proper
trim. He knew he had three times as
many men us Forrest, aod he also had
a splendid artillery battalion.
"General Forrest struck Sturgis un
awares. He rushed at his column and
whipped him before he could gather
his forces. Our old ragged boys were
feeling good that summer moruing."
'The news of the defect reached
Salem before General Sturgis did, and
tbe lady was standing at the gate to
sec if he had General Forrest. When
he left her, his uniform was bright
and new, but when ho returned he
was covered with mud. His horse
was exhausted, and both presented
the appearance of defeat and disaster.
The lady asked:
" 'General, did you find Gen. For
" 'No,' Gen. Sturgis replied, 'but
he found me!' "
The Aberdeen lady's prophecy to
the gallant Captain was not an idle
A IIEKO WHO WAS Ml HDEHEl).
Shooting of James Miller by Sherman's
To the Editor of The Sunday News:
I have read with interest the articles
of Mr. Ford and others in recent is
sues of The Sunday News, in reference
to the shooting of James Miller by
Sherman's army, in March, 18ti5,
in retaliation for the killing of a
Federal soldier by supposed bush
whackers. Mr. Miller lived near Jef
ferson, in Chesterfield County, S. C,
and I knew his brother, the late Maj.
John S. Miller, and many of his
neighbors and friends, among them
some of those who participated with
him 'in the easting of lots. Some
years ago a nowspaper was planed in
my hands by a son-in-law of James
Miller, in which was an account of
the shooting of Mr. Miller, purporting
to have been written by an officer
connected with the affair and present
at his death. I have forgotten the
name of the officer, and of the news
paper, which I think was published
ia Lancaster or Chesterfield, -S. C,
and reproduced the artiole from a
Western paper. This paper was in
my portfolio, whioh was mislaid, lost
or stolen about two years ago.
EXCUSE FOR MILLER'S MURDER.
I) is stated that tho dead body of a
Federal soldier, belonging to a West
ern cavalry regiment, I think from
Michigan, was found where he had
evidently been murdered by bush
whaokers, that the Federal commander
had determined to resort to retaliation
to prevent such killings, and General
Francis P. Blair, who commanded the
17th army corps, issued orders for the
casting of lots for one man to be put
to death for the killing of the cavalry
My informants did not know all who
participated in the casting of lota, but
among them were Mr. B. lt. Glanton
now living in Chesterfield County,
Mr. Robert Griffith and others who
knew James Miller. I have talked
with sad corresponded with othei
about the oruel tragedy, and from
them aod the account by the Federal
offioer before mentioned my informs*
tion was obtained.
DRAWING LOTS TO DIB.
One or more of the participants said
it oame as a great surprise to all who
were made to oast lots, r>ud one of
them deolared that he never before or
after found it suoh a task to stretch
forth his right hand to draw a little
piece of paper ont of a hat. James
Miller drew tha fatal lot. He was a
man between forty-five and fifty ye?rs
of age and had been oaptured a day or
two before some distance west of Che
raw, while on his way home on fur
lough from Florence, S. ?., where he
had been engaged in guarding prison
ers. He protested that, while he
sympathized with his State in her
struggle, and had given of his means
for the support of the Cause, he was
over age for aotive service, and had
not fired a gun in the war. But he
was told that the order was imperative.
Ho begged to be allowed to aotnmuni
catc wi?h his wife and children, but
this privilege was denied him. IJo
then asked to confer with such of his
neighbors and friends ns were captives
with hini-elf. To those he j/;vve di
rcclious for Iiis wife, asking that she
Le toM that he wa.- not coming home,
ami advising lier about his f^rm and
about the ehildp-u, just as if he wore
goiug off on a journey to be abscut for
Mil.I.Kit's I a-l It K'lV KSTS.
He ilif'n made some requests of
those who wen about to shoot him.
He asked, in the lir.-t place, that he
be ii"t bound either hand or foot, say
ing he wa- not going to run, that be
was prepared, and not afraid to die.
He then asked that he be not blind
folded, Haying lie wished to look into
the eyes of those- who were to shoot
him. And lastly, he begged that he
be not shot in the face, declaring that
(Jod had given him his faee, and that
I in all his life he had never done any
thing of which he was ashamed. His
last wishes were respected. He was
marched on a short distance, the fir
ing squad drawn up, the guns dis
charged as one and James Miller lay
dead, as much a hero as if he had died
at the cannon's mouth at Gettysburg,
in the charge at Snodgrass Hill at
I Chickamauga, or at the bloody angle
' at Spottsylvania.
"Don't shoot me in the face, for
God gave me that, and in all my life
I have done nothing to bo ashamed
What a sentiment, what a model!
MlLLEtt*8 HUMBLE (IRAVE.
At Five Forks' Methodist Church,
in Chesterfield County, on the road
from Lancaster to Chesterfield Court
I House, and half way between the two,
is the little mound that marks the last
resting place of James Miller. I
have passed there a few times, but
never without dismounting and going
softly with uncovered head to the spot
and recalling the manner and cause of
his death. Chesterfield County has
produced some of the great men of
South Carolina, but she never gave
birth to a purer patriot or more unos
tentatiously brave man than James
HCW A NEURO H ERVE D IIIS MASTER.
But the Federal oavalryman, for
whose killing Mr. Miller was shot, wub
not killed by a Confederate or bush
whacker at all. Mr. Gilliam Sowell,
of Kershaw County, owned a negro
man named Ephraim, and entrusted
him to hide his horses and mules from
the- enemy while Sherman's army was
passing and he was found in Lynches
Creek Swamp by a soldier, who seized
them and made the negro go with him.
After they had gone some distance
the sun came out, the first time in
quite awhile, the trooper said he was
very tired and sleepy and suggested
that be would lie down and take a
nap, if the negro would keep watch
for him, and arouse him if any one
approached. He was soon asleep, and
Ephraim, not relishing that manner
of appropriating his master's property
proceeded to repossess it by killing
the trooper with a lightwood knot.
He carried his master's horses and
mules, as well as the soldier's horse,
back into the swamp, and they were
Mr. Soweli, Ephraim's owner, was
the father cf Mr. James M. Sowell,
the well kc ?wn supervisor of Kershaw
PATH OP THE AMERICAN ATI I.I, A .
Sherman's march from Savannah to
Raleigh, and especially through South
Carolina, was a belt of absolute deso
lation, forty miles wide, where black
ened ruins and lone chimneys stood
as silent witnesses to show where
per.ee and plenty and happy homes
had been. The inherent grit and self
reliance of the Southern character
have reclaimed the desolate fields and
largely made them blossom as the
rose. The chimneys and blackened
ruins may be forgotten by those who
are to come after us, but the heroic
death of James Miller and of others
who perished in the spring of 1865,
will be remembered.
Wm. D. Trantham.
Camdon, S. C, June 1, 1905.
"A negro naturally loves a water
melon," said Representative Johnson,
of South Carolina, while spooking of
the melon and peaoh orop, says the
Washington Star. ? 'Strange, too,
that when a policeman sees a negro
with a melon at an unseasonable honr
he has it right down that thai eoon
has stolen the melon. I heard a story
about a policeman who met a eoon
in the early morning hours, and he
had a big melon on his shoulder. The
cop eyed tho burr head and the melon
"I see yon have a melon there."
"Yes, sah," answered the darkey.
"I'so got er melon, bat I'se fixed fer
you, sah," and, pulling out a paper,
he handed it to the officer, who read:
"The bear of the G? A?. He
paid me ten cents for the melon, and
he is a pillar in tho church. James
" 'You aro fixed,' said the office/.
" 'Dat's what I.'lowed/ answered
the negro, and he moved on."
? The onls defence that any creed !
needs is the right kind of chancierbe
hind ?. ?
\ - Don't he a misfortune 'teller.
Kon Jap (?uoners ISecume Expert.
The secret of the remarkable gun- ,
nery of the Japanese Navy was re- J
vealcd yesterday by a retired oflicer of }
the I'nited .States Navy, says the New j
York Times. In all of the hotels and ;
public resorts where the great victory !
of Admiral Togo was discussed by I
groups almost invariably some one i
propounded the inquiry: How was it
possible for the Japanese to sink such
a fleet as the Russians had with a loss
to themselves proportionally so small?
It was in response to such a query
that the retired oflicer of the I'nited !
States Navy, who took part in such a j
discussion at the Hoffman House,
gave the following interesting expia- j
"If the Japanese are not at the
present time the most accurate and
deadly gunners in the world it is due
to the fact that of late the Americans
and English have adopted a scheme of
target practice which was originated
by the Japanese. One day about two
years ago a Chinese Admiral reoeived
the American and English Command
ers on the Asiatic station aboard his
ship for a friendly visit. The Chinese
commander mentioned that he had
observed Japanese war vessels using
new tactics. He said that twine he
had passed Japanese war ships when
the men were being put through drills
which had mystified him. Ho had
noticed that they went through all the
motions of gun crews when about to
discharge one of the big guns in tar
get practice, but instead of the big
gun being discharged there was a re
port which did not sound any louder
than a rifle. He nuked the English
and American commanders if they
oould enlighten him as to what the
new tactics of the Japanese were.
They were unable to give him any in
formation on the subjeot.
"Both the English and the Ameri
can commanders decided that 'hey
would take the first opportunity of
finding out the nature of the perfor
mance whioh the Chinese Admiral
"Through persistent and cautious
inquiry they usraveled the mystery.
They learned that on every one of the
large calibre guns on the Japanese
battleships and cruisers there had
been placed a miniature gun. For
hours at a time, day after day, the
Japanese would engage in target prac
tice with these miniature guns.
"They would shoot at a target
whioh would be placed at distances
whioh would be in the same proportion
to the carrying power of the miniature
gun as one, two, three, four or five
miles, we will say, would be to the
big gun. The gun orew would go
through exaotly the same drill prepar
atory to discharging the miniature
guu as it would if the big guu of s
which the .soiall gun was the counter* i
part was to he tired. J
"The coat of such target practice j '.
*as trifling as compared with the cost j 1
of rsing the big gun, and so expense
put no limit to the number of shots
that could he fired. The gunners
would shoot the small gun on the dip
and ri.^c of the vessel, when she list- I
cd, in heavy and calm seas, until they 1j
became so expert that their percentage I
' Both the American and the Eng
lish commanders were very much im
pressed yvith the Japanese idea, and
the English commande.- wrote to the
Admiralty and the American to the
Navy Department to got permission to
try the Japanese plan. The English
commander got the desired permission,
hut it was refused to the American
commander. Re was told that in the
opinion of the Navy Department it
would be better to have the men prao- I
tice with the big guns. He would not
be stinted in ammunition for all of
the target practice which he thought
it neoesaary for his orew to have, he
"Some months later the American
officer was either reoalled or came
home on a furlough. One of his first
aots was to go to the Navy Department
to urge those in charge to reoonsider
their deoision not to permit the adop
tion of the Japanese plan of target
practice. He dwelt enthusiastically
on the advantages of the plan, as he
saw them. The saving of ammunition,
he said, was not the thing that ap
pealed to him at all. The great con
sideration, he argued, was that the
ability to fire the minature gun so
much of tener than it was possible to
discharge the big gun was bound to
mske the gunners more accurate
marksmen. Failing to convince the
Ordnance department, he went to the
Secretary of the Navy. His arguments
to that officiai were equally ineffect
"Leaving the department discourag
ed, the officer said: 'I'll be hanged if I
don't go direct to Theodore Roobo
velt.' He did so. The Pres
ident listened to him with the great
" 'We must try that,' he said.
'How would you like to try that on
the Kentucky?' "
' 'The officer said he would be pleased
to do so. He was given the authority.
A miniature of one of the Kentucky's
big guns was made and set up, and a
gun orew assigned to it. After three
weeks of drill that orew had increased
its percentage of hits with the big gun
over 20 per oent. The plan of the
Japanese had been fully justified. It
is now in use on other ships of our
"It was tffe deadly accuracy they
icuuired by constant uee of their
niniature guns which enabled the
lapanese to use their big guns against
ttojestvensky with Buch terrible ef
For Rattler's Poison.
Supt. B. T. Daniel, of tho Territor
ial prison, who has been in the city
for the last three days, says the Ari
zona Republican, told while hure of a
certain cure for the bite of tho rattle
lie had heard of it vruile he had
been engaged in mining in Mexico,
and since he became superintendent
of the prison he has seen two or three
Mexican convicts who had been cured
and who had been bitten. On the
hand of one of them was the trace of
a centipede, whose pciaon also yields
to the remedy. Its existence, how
ever, is not widely known, even in
Mexico, and is supposed to be entirely
unknown out of that country.
There is in every rattlesnake a small
sac, about the size of a Mexican
bean, attached to the intestines. This
is filled with s brownish or blaok fluid,
and that fluid is the cure for the bite.
If it is applied immediately the pati
ent will not even suffer any swelling
and will entirely avoid pain.
Many Mexicans carry the fluid with
them at all times when they are in
the mountains or cn the desert. These
Mexicans kill all the rattlers they can
find, and most of them store the fluid
in a bottle made of a rifle cartridge
shell which is tightly oorked.
In anatomical descriptions of the
rattler no mention is made of this
particular sac, though air sacs are
numerous in the intestines of all mem
bers of the snake family. But there
is no doubt of ihe existenoe of it, for
Mr. Daniel said he had seen Mexicans
remove it frequently.
It may be that this fluid is the se
cret of the Moki Indians, and accounts
for the immunity that they enjoy from j
the poison of the rattler. Those who
have attended their annual snake
danoeB and have seen dancers bitten
have wondered that the bites were not
At any rate the secret of the immu
nity is one of the most carefully
guarded secrets of the rites of the
Mok'iB and is kept within a select
order of the priesthood. Dr. J. Mil
ier for years annually attended these
dances and made a study of the cere
monies. The Indians formally adopt
ed him not only into the tribe but ad
vanced him at the priesthood. The
doctor wanted chiefly to learn the se
cret of the poison antidote, and he
was told year af*c; year that he would
be put in possession of the secret.
Bnt he died without it.
A Kausas man who reoently passed
through Georgia and rtopped for a
day in the mountainous sections
brought this story home with him,
says the Kansas City Journal.
"Several years ago there was a long
dry spell in Georgia. About the be
ginning of it the wife of one of the
mountaineers died. The disconsolate
husband followed her to the grave,
and was the la-it to leave the burying
ground. His fuot piiuts remained,
large and distinct, in the day beside
the grave. Sis weeks afterward my
friend drove out to see how the widow
er was doing. He was found sitting
in the door of his cabin staring hope
lessly at the cloudless sky.
" 'Ef hit would only turn in an*
rain,' he said, 'I would ask nothin'
" 'The dry weather is bad for tho
crops,' the visitor remarked.
" 'Tain't crops,' said the widower,
'hit's Miss Seliny Johnson. She
swears she won't marry me till it
" 'Why not?' the visitor was asked.
" 'She 'lows it wouldn't be showin'
proper respect for my first wife to
marry before my tracks in the grave
yard is washed out. I shore do wish
it would turn in an' rain. I been
courtin her six weeks. Good Lord, a
man kaiu't wait On the weather for
A famou? lawyer onco had a singu?
lar oase to settle. A dootor oame to
him in great distress. Two sisters
living in the same bouse had babies of
equal age who so resembled eaoh oth
er that their own mothers were unablo
to distinguish them when they wero
together, and it happened that by tho
carelessness of nurses the children
! had beoome mixed. How were the
I mothers to make sure that they re
ceived back their own infants?
"But, perhaps," suggested the law
yer, "the children weren't changed at
"Oh, but there's no doubt they
were changed!" said the dootor.
"Are you sure of it?"
"Well, if that's so, why don't you
change them baok again? I don't see
any diffculty in the case."
? Keeping others from making
money seems to give some people
as muoh pleasure as making it them
? When a girl has pretty teeth it
is a sign she will let everybody sea
? He who makes friends makes
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