Newspaper Page Text
Hiite of the Red Man 1
A. M. Barnes in
He who oomes to Indian Territory
expecting to ftsd wild Indians en
camped -.jiou every plain will have
hie disappointment for his pains. The
truth is that no "wild" Indians now
live in Indian Territory proper, and,
in face, but a small sprinkling of the
full-bloods. Of the 600,000 people
inhabiting Indian Territory, no more
than 80,000 are of Indian blood; ?.nd
of the 80,000 nearly two-thirds are
only in part Indian.
The "blanket" Indians, or so-called
"wild" Indians of the territory, .11
live in Oklahoma, on reservations set
apart by the government. These tribes
embrace the Kiowas, Gomanohcs,
Apaches, Wiohitas, Caddoes, Sioux
and Cheyennes.* The writer has just
returned from a long trip through the
Apaehe, Kiowa and Comanche reserva
tions. The result of this trip has
been to convince me that the savage
Indian, so far as this territory i? Con
cerned, is a feature of the past. Only
here and there did we come upon h
typical camp, one reminding us of the
old barbarous days. Enlightened by
the missionary, encouraged by the
government, the Indian is fast taking
to himself the white man's wayB and
the comfort of the white man's home.
Even on the Apache reservation?the
Apaches are now looked upon as the
lowest stratum of Indian life in the
territory?tho home of civilization is
the rule and not the exception. One
seldom sees now the. conical-shaped,
picturesque tepee, with its plume of
poles at the top and its primitive
windward flat for controlling the
smoke. Eight years ago, when the
government ceased issuing rations, it
also ceased to issue cloth for tonts.
Hence the white man's tent, which
can be bought ready-made, is very
much in evidence. Approaching an
Indian tort-village of today one would
readily take it for a camp of United
States engineers. Yet here and there,
throughout the villages seen ?he typi
cal rudely constructed bi^sh arbcr of
the old savage days under wMch the
Indian family lives for most oi the
Strange to say that while a large
majority of the men among the "blan
ket" Indians have now 'adopted civi
lized dress, and stalk about in trous
ers and saok ooat with the ease of
tuui born to them,, only in isolated
cases have the women taken to mod
ern feminine gear. Throughout the
length and breadth of the Apaohe,
Comanohry and Kiowa reservations, I
never saw a single Indian woman in
dress skirt and shirt waist! They
complain vigorously of the length and
fullness of our skirts, and declare it .
is impossible to do their camp woek in
the garb that we affect. A strip of
calico with circular opening in the
centre, through which the head?is
thrust, with an opening left foreaoh
arm between the edges of the cloth,
whioh js taoked together under the
arm-pit and widened by a "Y-shaped
gore, is the Indian woman's universal
garment for the upper portion of the
body. For the lower portion she wraps
a sheet about herself, then a Bhawl or
alight blanket for a skirt, and how
she ever twists and rolls them and
tacks them in nt the edges so that
they hold is one of the mysteries
known only to herself.
Theao women still carry their babies
upon their baoks in buckskin and
board cradles, or tucked in the folds
of blanket or shawl. I have twioe
recently knelt at tho altar of our In*
than mission ehurohoB w?h Indian
women who had come to the com*
munion bringing their babies in this
manner. Two Sundays ago a cun
ning little papoose was presented to
be christened whioh was wrapped in
buokskinj^.thongs tightly ; bouud
?round its clothing from the shoulders
t Another sad feature to me of this
Indian home life is that while the
aen are fasiJearniUg to speak Eng-,
lish, and many of them oan read and
speak it fairly well* the Indian wo
aeo, with but few exceptions, per
latently clipg to the gufcter?l jargon
??WbwpnHftys. Tn the church and
H?vernia?nt soaool, throughout the
weervations, the rule is enforced of
spelling the children, oven in con
versation to -ace only English. When
return to their damps, however,
tho vacation periods, their attempts
t English ?ro so frowned upon by
ba women of the camp that they are
?oon discouraged from the use of 1t, )
Unlike other races the Indian woman
*?s not kept abreast with husband
?nd son a*$v brother in the progress
One promin?nt trait of the Indian
character that strikes even the most
jsnal observer is the otter disregard
m the value of either time or money,
hike ^the Mex?c?u, the Indian cao
never be brought to tie point of aet
lH with decision and dispajefc. What
? AT HOME.
[Tpo'n tlie Government
oan be done tomorrow is never done
today, hence not done at all. With
thrift and perseverance these Indians
of Oklahoma could become the most
affluent people on the faoe of the
globe. They already the wealth of
the territory. For instance, take an
Indian family of six. ?s a starter,
each member, from the baby up, is
tho possessor of 160 acres of as line
land as tho world c;?a produce, on
which no taxes are to be paid for 21
years. Here ale nearly 1,000 acres in
common. This land can be rented to
the white settlers, on five and ten
years leases at from $2 to $3 an aore
per year; some of tho very best rents
for $5 per aoro. In addition the gov
ernment pays to each Indian, even
to the baby a few days old, $75 twico
each year. Thus his family has
in all an income of from $2,900 to
$3,900 a year. This is the rule not
the exception. How many families of
six in tho States enjoy such income as
Holling in money, the Indian has
no regard for it, and wasteB it right
and left. Such extravagance prevails
that seems well-nigh inoredible to
those who are not eyewitnesses of it.
Not long ago a oase of fine California
canned fruit was seen stored on the
piazza of an Indian's houje. These
cans had cost from 40 to 50 cents eaoh,
yet the children opened them, eating
and wasting the contents at will. It
is no unusual night to see a barrel of
sugar'standing in an outhouse, some
times in the yard, unprotected from
the weather, the ohildren making use
of its contents as they please. Now
and then a goodly-sized lump is
rolled about for amusement. Calico
is bought by tho bolt and torn into
longihy strips.for any and every pur
It is no unusual thing for an Indian
to pay as much as $500 to $600 for a
conveyance that Btrikes his fancy; of
bourse, the dealer often takes advan
tage of his ignorance and charges him
far in excess of the real value. Borne
as fine conveyances as I have ever
seen are driven by Indians who live
in mere shaoks and who look as
though they had ait had acquaintance
with a bath since the day and hour
they were bore. *
Not long ago an Indian, who had
recently received the government mon
ey for himself and family, was in one
of the large towns, when ? handsome
hearse drawn by a splendid, pair of
gray horses drove up to the door of
an undertaking establishment. The
Indian eyed it in open-mouthed ad
miration. The driver, who happened
to he the owner, saw that he was
struck and realized that it would be
an easy taek to oatoh a sucker.
"You like him?" asked the hearse
"Mighty heap,*' replied the In
Then in the next breath.
"How much take?"
"Twelve hundred dollars," replied
the owner, without the least oompuno
tion o? conscience.
"Me take him/'
Tqe next day the Indian drove into
town, himself rud wife on the driver's
seat, the inside of the hearee filled
with papooses, of every age and con
dition, squatting ' about and peering
through the plate glass Windows ! The
Indian had bonght the hearse for a
This is not a newspaper story, but
eatne straight to me..
A. M. Barnes.
Chelsea, I. T.
' ;t, m 'mm-r- . '
An' ?sEno In Union.
We never know, for certain how
many aud who read the Union Times
until we put something in its pages
Which arouses the ire, indignation or
meets the approbation of some of our
readers then we hear from it. We
are really delighted that in last week'
issne the article "Flirting on the
Street" met the approval of the good
ladies and ; gentlemen of the city end
we aie equally pleased to know thai
this same ariiole treads heavily upon
the ehspoly little toes of quite a nom
ber of very sweet girls, whose ire. and
rage has made them threaten to hoy
eott th? Times or have their parents
discontinue their subscription. H
Now the truth iavariably hurts
we meant that it should reaoh
advise only those who are guilty?
in no sect need no Warning or advice
We have been advised that we did
go far enough, in other W?rde '
should tell the girls how wrong, dan
ger?us and indiscreet it is for thorn
form tho acquaintanoe and carry on
fiirtafclon with .strangers. ?ir?s ?
boon known *,o fall in love< with a mar
ried maav he pretending to be singl
thus wrecking the life of a sweet, in
accent girl.?Union Times.
Travel Through the Air.
Wheo steam was applied to loco
motives it was thought to be the won
der of th? age, but when electricity
was harnessed as a motor to propel
trolley oars and run heavy machinery
the world etood in amazement at the
Some of the very aged people were
as muoh astonished when Mo/ses'
telegrapb became a marvel and aston
ishment in the land, and I have lived
long enough to hear tho epoken words
over the first official telephone which
connected the oapitol in Washington
City with tho government printing
office, one mile distant.
Therefore, it is no violent stretch of
imagination to foresee the coming
aerial travel which is as certain to
come as Any of these other facts, ex
cept that it has been somewhat be
With high pressure automobiles
people ean almost fly over tho earth,
so swiftly and lightly do these ex
pensive carriages do their lutomatio
work under the light pressure of tho
Perhaps it will be after'you and I,
dear reader, have gone to our long
home, but the day is coming when
people will travel through tho air
with inoredible ease and celebrity.
In my humble judgment the com
ing aerial oars or balloons will not be
the immense and olumsy things which
our experts arc now figuring on and
experimenting with; but the simplic
ity of the successful one will make
them wonder why it had not been ear
lier understood and adopted.
We will not forget that sail vessels
were extremely cumbersome, yet
everybody thought there was no other
way by which to traverse the path
less ocean except with immen.9
stretch of canvas to catch the wind.
When tho wind departed tho vessel
wallowed in the troughs of the sea
until Eolus came to his owu again.
Some of the most tragio sea stories I
have read were conoerned with such
dead oalms under an equatorial sun.
With stagnation there oamc filthy
bilge water and too often death from
yellow fever and cholera.
The aerial vehicles which will fill
the bill will be constructed on the line
of least resistance. The ease with
which a bird can rise in the air and
the comfort which it enjoys in a swif c
descent will be in some measure the
model of the ooming airship.
Airships as at presont constructed
are dangerous of course. The ma
terial must be light and the gas is
Of course the danger will be no de
terrent faotor in the businesB of navi
gating the air. Danger gives spice to
any such adventures.
Automobiles have a reputation for
killing people that is unsurpassed,
still the market is aotive with the
making and selling of these expensive
Alpine climbing is continually em
phasized by death and destruction of
the adventurous, yet they can hardly
be missed in the next season, so great
is the desire of mankind to risk dan
gers and perils for science or plain
It is easy to suppose that aerial car
riages will be in demand beoause of
fact.that there will be no hindranoe to
spe^d such as bad roads or obstruc
tions, common to land travel. If they
can only rise to a height that will give
them free course in air currents, the
difficulty will be solved beoause they
oao come down by force of gravity
when the currents are shut off and the
weight of the light maohine is directed
Also there will be small trouble in
finding the Way when the aerial navi
gator is far above everything now fas
tened, to th? darth.
His vision will be olear in that ex
panse of ether unless beset by rain or
storm clouds, and as they are prone
to attaoh themselves to mundane
affairs the aerial navigator can eit
aloft and look down on the strife of
these elements in perfeot safety.
I prophesy that those who are then
living will be quite independent of
such things as horse vehicles, auto
mobiles, etc, for they may touch a
button and. rise. and pull a cord to
como down, and those that then fly
through the air will smile to think of
our old fashioned ways of locomotion
when they can ride aloft above 'duet
and smoke and view the landscape fair
from an elevation without* noise or
danger of runaway horses or railroad
colli si on s.?Mrs. Fol ton in Atlanta
?dch Ado About Nothing.
An old. woman who entered 0 .coun
try savings bank not long ago was
asked'whether she v7an(?d to draw or
."Nayther; Oi want's to put some
mousy in,*' was the reply. ,
The clerk entered the amount and
pushed the slip toward her to sign.
"Sign on this line, please," he
IPAbove or below it?"
"Just above it."
"My wholo name?"
"Before Oi was married?"
$&tfo; jutt as it ia sow." .
"Oi oan't write.''?Harper'b W??V
Locgl Option The Thing.
The Observer has nothing to say
against the plan of those who are try
ing to get up a State prohibition move
ment, except it is unwise just at this
stage. It looks like a butting-in
movement, and it is calculated to in
terfere with what wo regard as tho
true democratic plan of local option.
The smr.ll gathering in Columbia on
Thureday night decided to call a State
prohibition convention in the near
furture. It is a mistake. Not that
we aro opposed to prohibition; but
nov; is not an opportune time for a
State campaign on the liquor question.
The reason is this:
Two counties in thn State have al
ready voted to remove dispensaries
from their borders. Several other l
counties aro prepar ng to take a vote
on the question, v/Uh bright prospects
in most cases, if not in all, of voting
tho dispensary out. This plan of lo
cal option, it seems to us, is the best
plan in dealing with the subject?
certainly tho best just at this time.
It is doing well, and good policy is to
let well enough alone. To involve the
wholo state in a prohibition campaign
would probably injure and set baok
If the dispensaries arc voted out of
a county by the county's own voters
the strong probability is that tho law
will be enforoed. The people will
thus show that they want tho law in
their own oounty, and wherever looal
sentiment b for iaw it will be enforc
The oounty by oounty campaign is
getting along nicoly. Let it alono.
Don't intorfere with it by butting in
to it with a State oampaign or prohi
bition. Let that como later, if it must
come at all. After all the counties
that can vote out the dispensaries
within their borders have done so,
then it will be time enough to take up
the question of State prohibition.
And there is another matter that
we do not care to discuss?only to
hint at. That is, a State prohibition
movement is liable to get mixed up
with politios?and we do not want
? ? m> m
Ward's Slow Train Story.
It is told in Harper's Weekly that
Artomus Ward once took a journey
on a little "One-horse" railroad line
in the Middle West. After the train
had crept from station to station at a
snail's pace for half a day, Ward beck
oned to the conductor as he passed
through the oar.
"Say, oonduotor," he drawled, "do
yon mind if I give you a little ad
"Well, what is it?" said the oon
"Seems to me," continued Ward,
"it would be safer to take the cow
catcher off the engine and hitoh it to
the end of the rear oar."
"What for?" demanded the oonduo
"Well, I've been thinking it over,"
said Ward, "and I don't see what's
to prevent one of them cows out there
from coming into the oar vnd biting
A lady residing in Russian Poland
wanted to buy an alarm dock, but ihe
prioe aeked by the looal watchmaker
was too high for her, and she therefore
obtained the article subsequently on
the oooaBion of a trip across the fron
tier. On the return journey she hap
pened to fall in with the village watch
maker, to whom she showed her pur
chase, adding that she had got it very
cheap. Oq the pretext of examining
the olook the watchmaker set the
alarm to the time when the lady would
arrive at the frontier. On pass
ing the custom house the lady kept
the olook concealed under her gar
ments, when, to the great amusement
of the bystanders, the thing suddenly
went off. The instrument was confis
cated, the lady had to pay a fine, and
the watohmakor had the double satis
faction of wreaking his petty revenge
and compelling his fair Tiatim to deal
at hiB shop for the future,
Tom Reed In Search of a Collar.
Among the prominent men of New
England there was none, perhaps, who
wore a larger collar than Tom Reed.
One hot day in the summer of 11)01,
Reed was in Portsmouth, and, having
to wait over for a train, he decided to
make an impromptu toilet, changing
; his collar, etc. So he hied himself to
the nearest haberdasher's and. began
a general survey of the collars dis*
played in the store.
"Waited on, tir?" queried one of
"Not yet," responded Reed, and
then added, "I would like a collar."
"What sise?" piped the clerk.
"Site 20," answered Reed.
"We don't keep collars so lsrge,
but I think yon may bo accommodated
at the store just around the corner.''
X Reed found the store around the
corner to be a harness shop.?Boston
. , m ? mm
Man is not a tenemont house in
which the floor of the heart may be
clean while that of the intellect is
Tree Feared By Mexicans.
Because of the many fatal accidents
that have occurred under a huge tree
that grows in the Haciendita ranch,
in the Zamora district, Michoacnn,
peasants of the region are growing
more and more superstitious about
its supposed fatal omen and they be
gin to call it "arbol maldito" (cursed
The tree is supposed tD bo over 75
years old, says the Mexican Herald,
and is 3aid to have been planted by
a roan who, becauso of his numerous
crimes and his forgotfulncss of the
Divine law, was swallowed up by the
earth. That man, according to tradi
tion, was an humbre muy malo. lie
never went to mass, never confessed,
did not carry a rosary around his neck
and never made the sign of the cross.
There was not a beggar in the town
who had ever received a "tlaco ohiwui
to" <old coin equivalent to 1J cents)
from him. He never gave anything
for the church and never took off his
hat when he met a "padrecito" on tho
It was rumored that he wan res
ponsible for many murders and oth
er atrooious crimes, but he was never
in jail, neither could he be incarcer
ated, becauso he ?ad a compact with
the devil, and whenever he invoked
his satanio majesty the latter rendered
him either invisible to human eyes or
smaller than an ant, so that he could
easily escape danger, lie had no
friends nor relatives, because he wa?
shunned by all.
One thing he loved; birds and trees.
He . planted numerous trees and fed
big flocks of birds that knew him and
came te lis home every morning to
pick tho crumbs of bread which he
threw in the patio.
Many years ago?and this is well
remembered by the peasants; it was
Good Friday?everybody in town had
attended tho religious services of the
morning and wero going to their homes
when a terrifie noise was heard. They
rushed to tho street where it came
from to find out what it was, and saw
the earth had opened under the cursed
man's feet. He was enveloped by
thick flames and smoke and disappear
ed beneath the surface of the earth.
Thts was considered a most deserved
punishment. While the faithful were
iu the church the cursed man was
loafing around, and having seen a big
crucifix upon an altar ereoted on the
street, as was done in those days, he
placed a burning oigarette in the lips
of the image. Scarcely had he made
eight or ten steps when he was engulf
ed by the inferno.
That very dey a!! the trees thn*
be had planted, except the cursed one,
dried up, and Ml the birds he had fed
Ait attempt was made to cut down
the tree, that had not dried up, but
the man who had made the attempt
dropped dead upon stepping upon the
shadow of its foliage. The man's body
had to be left there, to be eaten up by
orows, because nobody had the courage
to approach and remove it.
Since that day numerous persons
have met a tragio death under that
tree. A pedestrian who went under
it for shade on a hot summer day was
bitten by a snake and died in two
hours. Three men on different occa
sions sought shelter from rain under
its branches, and were struck by light
ning. A woman who was hanging
some olothes to dry from the truul: of j
the tree, was attaoked and killed by a
billy goat that came from nobody
knows where and that was never seen
again. Two years ago a little boy who
wsb riding a burro, innocently led his
animal to the tree. The burro threw
him off and kicked him to death. The
lest victim of this fatal troo was a
man named Melqueades Arevalo, who,
three or four days ago, during a heavy
rainstorm, ran under the tree for chol
ter; like his predecessors on suoh oc
casions he was struok by lightning.
The horror that peasants have lor
this tree is so great that people re
fuse to work on the fiolds half a mile
around it. Propero Garoia, the owner
of the ranch where that tree grows,
is said to have made up his mind to
have it blown up with dynamite, but
he has been unable to find a man who
pis willing to do the work, so it seems
probable that he will have to dc it
? Swimming is very good for a
girl's figure if it is good to begin with.
? If a boy is real olever he oan ac
quire a lot of knowledge at sohool use
ful to forget afterward.
? The way some women .ummer
olothes are made they would look
dressed up if they foil off.
? Good breediog is a letter of oredit
all over the world.
kill , cough
and CUR1& the LUNC&
w Dr. King's
(OLDS ' Fres Trlsl.
Surest and Quickest Coro for all
THROAT aud LUNG TBOUB*
LES, or MONEY BACK.
Ryd&le's Stomach Tablets
Causes belching, gas, or wind in the
stomach, heartburn, sour stomach, etc*
Causes Cramps and pain iu the i
sick stomach, etc.
Rydale's Stomach Tablets CtI.CC Rydalc's Stomach Tablt
digest all kinds of food and prevent fer
mentation, and the formation of gas and
acid in the stomach. They never fail to
'Jigest the food and rest the stoms
They stimulate, tone the digestive or;v' n.\,
and cure dyspepsia, in its worst forms* * 1
Indigestion and Dyspepsia.
radical remedy company, Hickory, n73?
FOE SALE BY EVANS PHARMACY.
IP YOU ARE GOING TO BUY?
We want a chance to sell you.
If you OWE US you don't know.how we would appree*
te a payment these'pinchingltimes.
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
Now comes the "Good Old Summer Time"
when you want one of our.
Up-to-Date VEHICLES for Pleasure.
; Buch board, Traps,
And in fact auything you need in the Vehicle line you will find at our Re
positories. A Hue line of HARNESS, SADDLES, UMBRELLAS, CAN
OPY SHADES, DUSTERS. Ac,
Call and examine for yourself, and if we cannot suit you it will be oiu
fault. Very truly, v
FRETWELL-HANKS CO., Anderson, S. C,
THE SOUTH'S GREATEST SYSTEM!
Unexcelled Dining Car Service. ' '
Through Pullman Sleeping Cars on alUTrains.
ConvementlSchedules on all Local Trains.
WINTER TOURIST RATES arejiow Injeffect to all Florida: Poinl?
For full information as to rates, routes, etc.fJconeultJlneareEt South era
Railway Ticket Agent, or >
R. W. HUNT, D:v>ion Passenger Agent, Charleston, 8. C.
one car of hog feed,
Have just received one Car Load of HOG FEED
(Shorts) at very close prices.' Come before they are
all gone. Now is the time for throwing?;
Around your premises to prevent a case of fever or
some other disease, that will cost you very much more
than the price of a barrel of Lime (SI.00.) We have
a fresh shipment in stock, and will be glad to send yon
some, If you contemplate building. a barn or any/
other building, eee us before buying your?
CEMENT and MME,
Aa we sell the very best qualities only.
?? D. ANDERSON.
WE have moved our Shopaud office below Peoples' Bank, in front of
Mr. J. J. Fretwell's Stables. We respectfully ask all our friends that need
any Roofing den?, or any kind of Repair work, Engine Stacks, Evaporators,
or any kind of Tin or Gravel Roofing to call on m. as we are preparedjto do
?t? promptly and in best snaener.? ?oliciting'your patronage, we are;
Respectfully,! B?RRIS8 d. DIVVEB.