Newspaper Page Text
Miller Brothers' lOl
Bliss, Okla1, June 12?This is the
story of the farm on which it was pro
posed to hold an old-time buffalo hunt,
which the authorities in; Washington
put a stop to. j This is wfiat might be
called right smart of a farm. Here
ore some points:
It contains: 57,000 acres, or 050
homesteads. It is larger than some
It includes parts of three counties
and supports three towns.
The Miller brothers own 10,000
acres, and the remainder is rented
from the Indians.
It is operated by three brothers?
Joseph Miller, 37, president; Zach T.
Miller, 25, trensurer; and Geo. D.
Miller, 23, seoret?ry.
The ranch has its own telephone
plant, containing 35 miles of wire and
There are 11,000 trees in the apple
The ranch fences cost $10,000.
The operating expenses are $5,000 a
The crop this year will oonsist of
20,000 acres of wheat; 2,500 aeres of
corn, 500 aorea of oats and alfalfa and
2,000 acres of melons i
Ten thousand tons of hay are out
yearly. It requires forty-two binders
to harvest the wheat, and five steam
threshers to thresh it. Twenty mow
ing machines gather the hay. Five
steam gang ploughs furrow the land
and G00 mules and 25 cow ponies are
used as beasts of burden. Five hun
dred men are employed and 15,000
cattle roam in fertile pastures. .
The ranch is incorporated for ?300
000, but no dividends are. ever de
The genesis of the largest farm in
the world, the 101 ranch at this place,
was in the year 1871, when George
Miller, a young Kentuokian, rodo
through the Indian Territory behind
a drove of steers.
George Miller had come west with a
few dollars and a lot of Kentuoky
wisdom about horses and ca ,tle. tie
saw a chance to make money by buy
ing Texas steers where they were
born and driving them on a long feed
through the grassy Indian Territory
and shipping them by. rail to tit.
Louis and Chicago from Baxter
Springs, Kansas, whioh at that time
was one of the snappiest towns on
He trailed down into Texas, bought
a bunch of steers for $8 a head and
drove them np into Kansas, consum
ing six months by the way, and sold
his cattle for $24 a head.
The next year he started back to
Kansas with half of the prooeeds in
a coin bolt about his waist and the
rest in a cigar box?all in gold.
Half way down to Texas a Mexican
herder stole the cigar box and Mr.
Miller had to return back with half a
drove. But the .year following he
loaded a wagon with banon, canned
goods and calico, and started South.
The Mexican herders could not steal
this and he laid the foundation of the
hmily fortunes. '
During the long drives with cattle
through the Indian Territory, George
Miller picked hi? vown trails, and the
one he oftenest found lay along tho
Arkansas river, where the grass was
high and juicy.
This afterward became th? r?servai |
?on of the Ponca, ?toe and Missouri
Indians. This land Mr. Miller deter
mined to own some day if ho could.1
He settled in Kanocs, near Winficld,
and became a-farmer and ranchman,
hot he ne ver lost sight of the Ponca
Inthocoursa of time Oklahoma was
op:ned to white settlement, and even
tually the Cherokee Strip.
On the day the Cherokee Strip was
opened to settlement a youth sat at
oon on a thoroughbred Kentuoky
couorse near, the Chilooo Indian
??ooI, a few miles south of Arkan
surrounding him were thousands of
-raons, in wagons? on horseback and
00t> all intent upon making the
-se into a new land for a homeitoad.
Many a man looked with envy upon
he thojoughbrod raeer, knowing that
:fe*oi?tt w?o rode him would, bar
D8 accidents, win a prise.
The prises to be won by the home
??aders lay along the river' (Courses,
-d naturally, the bulk of men whe
?ed up on the Kansas herder that
~-f intended to race ior the river.
1 tt?noer of Jockeying was resorted
*o get the beat start for tho lands
??g the Arkansas.
Midway of the Cherokee Strip, the
dansas river makes a bend like s W
to the Osage nation. This was
own by cattlemen as the richest part
the laud that was to be thrown
?Q t0 settlement. A thousand men
ated it for their own, but the most
it bad already been reserved for the
.?SV !e^iD? '? tow claint
?tanch in Oklalioma.
At Arkansas City, foi weeks before
the lands were to be opened, men
were preparing for the race, from the
south in Oklahoma, and firom the
Osage country in the cast, all eyes
looked, and hungrily towards tho Pon
?a country, and horses were groomed
t>ud jookeys trained to get there first.
As the sun reaohed the meridian on
that day a United States army officer
raised his pistol and fired a shot into
the air. His troopers sprang aside
and looped the great army of home
Out of the mass sprang a beautiful
bay horse, clean-limbed and shining,
and shot toward the south. ' He was
bestrode by a youth, cttired as lightly
as a jockey.
From other points along the border
other race horses and other riders
leaped out for the prises in the Ponoa
country. But the big Kentucky bay
from the Chiiooco school grounds had
the lead, an'd, before the lumbering
crowd of wagons and horsemen were
fairly under way, he was well toward
the horizon, over which he soon dis
It was a ride of almost forty miles
but before the sun set the big bay
horse had reaohed a bend in the Salt
Fork of the Arkansas on tho edge of
the Ponea reservation. The youth
who rode him slipped from his back
and planted a flag in the ground. The
horse sunk to his knees, the very
heart run out of him, and died, and
the youth fell beside him and slept
long from exhaustion.
The 5 outh waB Joe Miller, now the
president of the 101 ranch. On the
spot where he fell, Joe Miller has
raised a stone to keep afresl tho
memory of his achievement in helping
to win the foundation of the biggest
ranch in the world.
To cenduot the vast operations of a
farm more than 500 times as large as
the average large farm in the west,
tho work is naturally divided into de
partments. Thus Joseph C. Miller is
farmer and father to the Indians; Zach
Miller is cattleman and horse raiser;
and George Miller is office mau and
comptroller of the funds.
The oopupation of the older broth
er, as father to the Indians, is prob
ably the most onerous of all. It is no
joke to be sponsor to more than 1,000
Indians, and at the same timo look
after the farming of 87,000 aores of
corn, wheat, alfalfa, hay and vegeta
ble crops by about 500 farm hands and
Joe Miller, as he is oalled all over
the territory, while a pretty young
man for so large a job, takes hiS\work
sasily and has plenty of time for sport,
for he is an ardent automobilist, hun
ter and. fisherman, and patron of the
arts and musio. Zaofa Miller, who
looks after the cattle and horses, is a
traveller and is one day in Texas and
mother in New York. He buys and
sells train loads of cattle as the aver
ago farmer sells .one cow. George
Miller, the youngest of the brother s,
loves a fine horse above all things,
ind breeds trotters and saddlers for
the very love of seeing them work.
The work of the ranch is so system*
rtised that it goes more easily than
that of the average small farm. Most
>f the business is conducted from tho
iffiee in the mansion by telephone, j
Abbott the mansion are ranged the
buak houses Of the cowboys, the-big
lining hall, tho bar no for th? mules
ind other work animals, the granaries
ind the tool and other work houses.
On othei parts <*f tho ranch are
ither houBoaand barns. The whole
b connected by thirty-five miles of
ielephone Wires, so that Joe Miller'at
-he ranch house can talk with the -
foreman of the wheat aores, th? corn
lores, tho watermelon patch, the road
overseer, the fence rider, the cattle
fange at Red Rook, miles away; the
telegraph office at Blies, and' tho
s hole world over the "long distance."
In the office-, elerks and s 11 n ograph -
>rs handle &e vast clerical Work; mail
s delivered from the railroad by oar-,
tari; Automobiles or carriages carry
msiness and social visitors from the ,
?ilroad station, five miles away, and ,
n fact, the whole business of the big ?j
'arm is conducted with the precision j
)? a business house in a city. ,
^ps?of tho most remarkable features j
>f tho big ranch is the abounding bos- t
>itaHty of it. No une seems to wait 1
or an invitation to visit it. Visitors ?
limply telephone or telegraph out, "I 5
ita fomingr and como. This means
iverybody. Aman in New York who 1
mows the Millers has, for instance, a
iiend who is on the sick list. Ho i
Frites a letter of introduction and '.
peeds the friend on the way..When j
io arrives and Jasks for a home or a .'.
ob; he gets it. As an instance, the i
nan who is looking aftet- the fowls on 1
he ranch?-baa-;en only knows how]1
oany, including peacocks, ducks,.' j
geese, both wild and tame, and the
common, every day hen, of which
there are thousands-is a New York
lawyer, a college man. Ho is content
with it all and is getting fat on no
He exchanges classical quotations
with a ohap from Harvard, who pur
sues the occupation of looking after
tho 500 Buckling pigs on the place,
and together the? play domiuoes with
a Princeton man, whose daily work is
bossing a dosen Indians in roadmak
Kvery d?y there are enough visitors
at the raoch house to fill a small ho
tel. Nobody seems to mind it,
though. The Chineso cook seems to
have an inexhaustible supply of food
in the kitchen, and there are always
? beda enough for the coming guest?.
I The way the oock draws on the hen
Louee would soon break up the aver
age farmer, for there is fried chicken
for breakfast, frioaseed fowl for
lunoheon and roast duck for dinner
all the time.
The living room of the ranch house
is big and square, with a piano, an
automatic player; the hardwood floor
covered with Indian rugs, and the
walls with well chosen pictures. A
Chinese cook summoned the family
and guests to breakfast.
The Miller ranch house is the moBt
perfectly appointed in the world, from
thc kitchen to the billiard room, in
the attio, and some of the most dis*
tiuguiohed men in the country have
enjoyad its hospitality.
- From the windows of the living
room the buffaloes of the 101 ranot
herd can be eeen ranging in the from
yard of 400 aores of grass that eur
rounds the place, and on one sido i
youog orchard of 11,000 apple trees.
Along the road approaching th
house came an Indian and his squa\
in a buggy, dragging in thc dust a coi
hide. II * unhitched and his squai
went into the cook house, while th
hide, with the 101 ranch brand, wa
duly received and credited. The Ii
dian and his squaw were guests for th
day. Before night a dozen Indian
and their families arrived and beean
guests for the day.
"That Indian," said Joe Miller, "i
one of my landlords-I have 250 (
them. His child died yesterday an
he is going to have a celebration i
his house to show how sorry he i
He bought a steer from me for tl
baked meats for the mourners, and
pony to give away. In former yea
as Indian strangled a boree on tl
grave of a dead relative, but the go
ernment stopped that. Now a berea
ed Indian gives away the horse ai
everything else that he owns to sb<
bis sorrow. He gives away I
horses, wagon,, furniture and evei
thing, except his wife and his lan
whioh the government holds in tri
for him. I lease the lands of t
ranch, 70,000 odd acres, from the 1
diaos, and have come to bo a fatt
"This means more than the bi
statement would suggest. ?esic
paying them rent for their lands,
must see that they get along all rig!
cure them when they are siok, bi
them. when they die, and lend tb
money when they aro broke. Fr
eight to ten of them drive up hi
every day and eat dinner while in i
course of. real or fancied busine
They need me when they mar
when they die, or when they are bi
--and they are always out to makt
"Tho figures on a farm of this e
are pretty .large. It is a proposit
of steam and electricity to ron
Eventually we shall h?ve to resort
tirely to electricity, I think. M
of our communication is that now,
wo shall haye to come to it for pbs
and the cayuse' will give way to
automobile and the mule team to
dynamo. ^ : ? K
For ?nstanos,- oar telephone sys
cost us $5,000 to install, and the i
for our fcc; cs $10,000. It costi
$5,000 a month to run the plaoe,
to make any money out of it we no
have the very best and largest lal
saving machines sod appliances. 1
old-ti mo days of cowboy extravagi
are gone with the cut' of beef on
hoof. We do business on the 1
hers, and our cattle,' hogs and ho
have got to be fed ?lose to pay.
"The 101 ranch was so namoi
my father after his brand. It si
fies nothing except that it is an <
brand to bv*n. Tbs ranch is in
porated * for $300,000, but we" 1
never declared a dividend. When
of os is broke, all are broke, and
the ssme way when we are nash,
ronsh ia run as if it were a oongloi
ation of ranches. We are tho MU
and we're working for the family
is QOW and is to ooma, forever, fal
rod sons, all down the linc. 1 i
believe the property ever will he
astablishfd. We are simply fol
log out my father's idea.
..The ranch" is growing yearly,
farmers we cultivate 9.000 aore
vbeat, 2,500 acres in corn and
lores in oats and alfalfa. We tah
10,000 tons of hays year. We
nothing except live stock and wi
The rest of the produce we fee
itock. It takps forty-two binde
hardest our wheat ciop and five s
:hreebcro to thresh it. Our hs
jathered by twenty mowing mach
We plough with five steam gang !
ploughs. It takcB ' six hundred muleB
to do the farm work and two hundred
and fifty cow ponies and driving
horses to eare for the 15,000 head of
cattle on the place, and during har
vest we employ 500 men.
"We have 12,000 acres in melons
this year, which we will ship out by
the train load. Our watermelons aie
famous, and the seed alone are worth
$2.50 an ounce. My father -used to
have a sign in the melon patch, "$5
for anyone who goes through this
patch without taking a melon.' That
still goes. Any one eau come and eat
and carry [home all the melons he
pleases-or anythiog else, for that
"Our buffalo herd is meroly a fad
with us. We wanted the biggest
bunoh, and wo have them now. There
are not more than 300 buffalo in the
world-I doubt if there aro that many.
There are nineteen head in Yellow
stone Park, Pawnee Bill has fifteen
head, Lincoln Park, in Chicago, has
fifteen hoad, Bronx Park, in New
York, about ten, the National Park,
in Washington, twenty more, and
there you have about the lot. We
have thirty-five buffaloes on our range
and some calves."-Washington
A Surprised Burglar.
8cheneotady, N. Y., July 13.-Il
was a surprised burglar who attempted
to to break into thc* residence, ol
George W. Moora in Guilderland ave
nue early this morning. Mr. Moor
lives in the home built here com*
twenty years ago by George Westing
house, of Pittsburg, for his brother
who lived here at that time. It wai
in the country then, bul it now stand
on one of the thoroughfares of th
greater Sohneotady. It is a larg'
stone building and spaoious grounds
The present oooupaut of the house
George W. Moore, is an inventoi
Among his inventions is a burgle
alarm, whioh ia connected with ever
door and window in the house an
with the system of eleotrio light' ii
the building in such a manner that i
a door is opened or a window is raise
or tampered with the house and verac
das and baloonies are suddenly il lu
minated with startling brilliancy
while a gong in Mr. Moore's sleep::
apartments begins to clang like a iii
The windows in the Moore hom
are not fastened, so when the burgh
tried to get in he thought he hf
struok an easy job. He had not rai
ed the window more than four inch
when the house, inside and out, su
denly became flooded with light ai
the burglar alarm in Mr. Moore's bi
room went off with a noise that w
deafening. It didn't go off any soon
than the burglar did, for he' didi
wait to piok up his jimmy and oth
tools whioh he had laid outside tl
window, but took to his heels at one
Two minutes later, when Mr. Moo
and the men servants came hurryi
downstairs, there wasn't hide or hi
of the burglar to be seen. '
In the Tennessee mountains lived
little hunter named Hiram Gates, t
New York Presa says. Althou
small in size, . Hiram was noted f
bis bravery for miles around in tl
seotion of the oountry, where conn
was a common asset. Once wh
hunting he tracked a bear to a sm
cave. Now a man hasn't one ohanoe
a million fighting a tear in close qu
ters, but this fact didn't deter Hin
a minute. Throwing down his gun
put his knife between his teeth s
crawled into the dark hole after. 1
By the greatest of good fortune
succeeded in killiog it, for the res!
that the eave was so small that t
bear couldn't torn around to def?
himself. Otherwiio thors, probsl
would have been a different story.
Hiram skinned tho bear, and tl
went home, where he explained
manner of the killing to his fatb
The eld man listened quietly until
tale esme to an enc], and then, i
high-pitched, quavering voioe, said
"Weil, Hiram, I like a brave s
as well as anybody, but you're a d
A Perfect Mode!.
Biddlecome waa holding his eic
son in earnest converse, say s tbs Ch
land Plain Dealer.
"My boy^hesaid, Vt am fi!
with anxiety when I think that ;
will soon make choies of a wife."
"I have not dons so yet, fstht
the young man replied. "What i
of a wife would you suggest?"
The older man looked around <
"My son," he'said, "if your fi
Br's advice is worth anything to j
let me .urge yon to sesk for a woi
who hasn't the independence,
positiveness, the general charac
?sties of your mother." He was in
runted at that moment by ? light f
fall and realized that his heh
helpmeet had entered the-rcom. *
my son,4' he continued, "dp not 1
to find another woman like your m
er. Such paragons are rarely, if .e
fjy i -, -y . v*\'-Cv
Knew Solomon All Right.
A little girl who attended regularly
a Sunday school where the interna
tional lessons were taught went ono
afternoon to the class of a playmate
and heard catechism questions for .'ho
first time in her life. She was aBked
several questions und was much mor
tified not to be able to answer them.
"Who was the first man?" *No an
"Do you know who Noah was?" A
shake of tho heal, and the question
was passed on. .
Finally the teacher said. "Did you
ever hear about Solomon, dear?"
Herc was an acquaintance at last,
and tho little girl's face broke into
"Oh, yes," ehe replied confidently;
"I know him all the way through
'Solomon Grundy, born on Monday!'
want mo to say the rest?"-New York
Timonthy Woodruff says that in a
town "up tho State" there are two
Irishmen who for some time havo been
on bad term? with each other. Not
long ago Flaharty had, according to
the notions of his friends, been the
recipient of what could be deemed
nothing else than an insult from the
other Irishman. So they urged upon
him the desirability of vindicating his
honor by promptly chastising his an
But it would appear that Flaharty
was a man of dome prudence, for,
said he, "he's more than me equal.
Look at the size of him! The man's a
"Very well," replied a friend, dis
gusted by Flaharty's exhibition of
weakness, "lavo him go- that is, if
you're wando' people goin* about say
in' that you're a coward."
? "Well, I dunno," responded Fla
harty placidly. "At any rate, I'd
rather have thim say in' that than the
day after tomorrow exclaimin', "How
natural Flaharty looks." Collier's
Better not Migrate io Cuba.
There is really very little reasou
for any American emigration to Cuba.
Probably 95 per cent of those who
como do so with the idea that tho
natural richness of the island is so
great that wealth will come to them
without obliging them to contribute
any of that unnatural aid known ls
hard work. Disappointment will sure
ly be one of the principal crops se
cured by any who come with that ides,
in their heads. Any man who believes
that Cuba is an exoeption to the fun
damental law that the cost cf h. .ad is
the sweat of the brow should at once
revise his opinion. Cubsn opportuni
ties furnish ground for arguments and
inducements whoso soundness is ap
parent rather than aotual. On a basis
of modest ospitsl bsoked by intelli
gent* industry the average American
will do quite as well in his own land
as he will in Cuba or Porto Kio o or
the Philippines. Most A mc ri oana will
do even better at home.-Havana Cor
respondence New York Sun. t
? -- What a man. likes about the, 4th
of July is the way he caa UUSB tho
things he did whon he was a boy. .
Do YOU Know
- Ol' THE --
- FOR --
Here is a sample c!;.pplng.-?
|^ SAT?RAL rUHCTUATlOH. J**
S "I low ??old roa punctuate tata ScatMcfr**!
1 H MkfdUwtncatrotgruuurtaaiatUrleil
f - 'Ai Jotra opened.IS* boot tfjrt? UTs-?ollar H
I b?U ?vident!? Rtaced Itt*rt byJ>]?*u? \<
I urea ont Sa MnMjM (*(<? ?nd wert W
S eauetit np 6? the br?ete.' " t. -_.ff
1 - f ibJnh. profeiior. lt TOO wo^ pBowjw, ll
fl ?>?..,.,id arti fo*ke . duu ian ts? Mil?." UM tat|
promptly. ,.w,n. JP
Have you ever read, er ?3o you know ^?
where there is a little story as good or [
batter than the above? We will give ?
LITTLE STORIES ?
We want litik stories, anecdotes, bits o?
verse - any clipping from a newspaper,
magazine or book (not to exceed 500 words)
thal has made you
Tbtok9 Laugh or Cry
840 prizes will bs given for the best selec
tions. Ten cites of silver dollars as high
as the first ten succesful competitors are
the first awards. Yow have just as good
a chance as anyone. M
The only condition fpr entering this com
petition ls that you send with your clipping
$oc for a six months' trial subscription to
Hie National Magazine
JU? MUM I? V? fteM M ?t Utsn Sip?. 1. 1X6.
SuSfiS 55 *** ?3 5fi 55S3B *
iOl CBAPrLC, Ridout X ?filio*. BM**, K.M.
ni.? IIB I- ?WM nut mj na? la U4 tV\HX> tOmlsf
?ta?tr-rr mutt otu* MUMU M?C?U??, wd m?nttm* IQ
c;<r ?? rm..no?..
Ryd&le's Stomach Tablets
Causes belching, gas, or wind in the
stomach, heartburn, sour stomach, etc*
Causes Cramps and pain in the
sick stomach, etc
Rydale's Stomach Tablets CUTG Rydale's Stomach Tablets
digest all kinds of food and prevent fer- I digest the. food and rest the stoniasC
mentation, and the formation of gas and I They stimulate, tone the digestive organs**
acid in the stomach. They never fail to and cure dyspepsia in its worst forms*
cure Indigestion. I
Indigestion and Dyspepsia.
Mr. R. K. .Tones, liuvt>rfor Parker & Bridget, whoso, largo department Mores aro locan?9*s'(t ;
Mh St. and Perm. Avv.,^rasltliiftton, D. C.. tvntea us, under date of April !<lth, UXM, as f.>iknra:.
ljist February, one yew a?<?, while iu New York on business for my flrin, I caught a s4-v.Tr? ctthf"
which laid me ?in for Bevern! weeks, ami left me weak aud nervous. My physlcaos could Dot gtrt.
at the cause. Thetr ptvtfcripUons dk) little or no ko?*!. As my appetite was poor and my fowl,
did not digest well, 1 decided to use Kvdale's Stomach Tablets. A friend assured me they wtrra,
fwd dyspepsia medieiue. After taking a few doses, I began to realise that! was getting better..'
have umh! two boxen of these tablets and have gained 'M pounds ami never felt better in my life. .
Rydale's Stomach Tablets cured me and 1 recommend them most heartily to sufferers from n?r?m?s ^
Indigestion and a general run down condition of the Bystcm. ltydalo'a Stomaeh Tauluki an i
manufactured and guaranteed by the -5?
RADICAL REMEDY COMPANY, Hickory; N.^C
FOR SALE BY EVANS PHARMACY.
IP YOU ARE GOING TO BUY?
We want a chance to sell you.
If you OWE TJS you don't know-how we would apprecia
te a payment theselpinchingitimes.
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
Now comes the "Good Old Summer Time"
when you want one of our.
Up-to-Date VEHICLES for Pleasure.
And in fact anything you need in the Vehicle line you will find at o ur
poBitories. A tiue line of HARNESS, SADDLES, UMBRELLAS, CAN
OPY SHADES, DUSTERS, &c. ?*CS
Call and examine for yourself', and if we cannot suit you it will be'ona
fault. Very truly,
FRETWELL-HANKS CO., Anderson? & C.
THE SOUTH'S GREATEST SYSTEM!
Unexcelled Dining Car Service.
. Through Pullman Sleeping Cars on alllTrains.
ConvenientlSchednles on all Local trains?
WINTER TOURIST RATES are now Snjeflfect to all Florida;7ci?fe?
For full information as to rates, routes, etc.,"|conBult|ln aieU ?cal?tn
Railway Ticket Agent, or
R. W. HUNT, Division Passenger^Agent, Charleston, & C.
ONE CAR OF HOG FEED.
Have just received one Car Load of HOG FEED
(Shorts) at veiy close prices. Come before they are.
all gone. Now i\ the time for throwing?*
Around your premises to prevent a case of fever or
some other disease, that will cost you very much mors*
than the price of a barrel of Lime (91.00.) We hav? ^
a fresh shipment in stock, and will be glad to send you
some, If you contemplate building a barn or any.
other building, see us before buying your?~
CEMENT and LIME,
Aa we sell the very best qualities only.
O. D. ?NDER80NT?
WE have moved our Shop and office below Peoples* Bank, in! froat o?
Mr. J. J. FretweU's Stables. We respectfully ask all our friends that seed
any Roofing done, or any kind of Repair work, Engine /Stacks, Evaporates^
or any kind of Tin or Gravel Roofing to call on no> as we are prepared,to do
it" promptly and in best maoner.g. Solid tin g^your patronage, we are,*--^
R<spectfully,8 BURRISS & DIVYEK.