Newspaper Page Text
Nineteen Centuries ag
Town of some
Written for The State by Prof.
. If K
Pompeii, Italy, July 1.-With all
the cities that have been destroyed in
the ages qc the paBt, there is to the
world of today only one "buried
ei ty"-Pompeii. Nineteen centuries
ago it was a flourishing town of some
20,000 inhabitants, situated upon the,
Mediterranean ooast, at that time
eclipsing'Jae neighboring town, Neap
olie (Na.pleb), both in commerce and
in wealth. It was then three centu
ries old, and ?is life was a mixture of
the Greek and Bomen. It- had wen
by its magnificent situation far renown
as a pleasure resort and many wealthy
Homans were wont to come thither
from time to time when the stress of
business or gaiety became too great in
the Eternal City-a sort of Newport
for Rome of the Gaetars, with a busi
Behind the oity and away from the
sea, rose a mountain wooded to the
top and used as a kind of suburban
park by the Pompeians. This moun
tain was known as La Somma. The
inhabitants of the oity looked upon
La Somma with as little suspicion or
fear as the inhabitants of St. Pierre
looked upon the wooded slopes and
lake-crowned summit of Pelee-not
within the memory of man had the
mountain given the slightest sign of
life. To be nure, some of the wise
men of that time had said that it was
the tomb of a long dead volcano. But
the Pompeians were quite too .much
taken up with the business and
pleasures of their own lives to con
cern themselves much with the tonaba
of volcanoes, or with the possibility
of a resurrection. So, like the people
of St. Pierre, they went about their
ways, and on occasion ran up for a day
to the summit of the ancient hill to
get the sea breenas and cool off.
But in 63 A. D. the city with lia
neighbors was almost destroyed by an
earthquake; which threw down the
houses and overturned the temples.
People are muoh the same though in
all ages. Galveston is visited by a
wave whioh drowns thousands of its
inhabitants and ruins millions of
property-but soaroely are the dead
buried before the survivors determino,
to repair the loss. So the fathers of
Pompeii issued a decree that the oity
should be restored in greater magnifi
cence than before. The work was
well nigh completed,'when one August
day in 79 A. D., with scarce a word
of warning, the side of La Somma
blew open with great vi?lenos, and
the cone whioh is now known as Ve
suvius was thrown up.
In this, the birth of the famous
voloano, there was no discharge of
liva. And in this point, the eruption
IB very like that of Pelee.' Rivers of
boiling mud were thrown out, , and
these descending to the sea on one
side, overwhelmed the town of Hercu
laneum and buried it in an ocean of
mud, as the sugar mills were buried
at St. Pierre, The mud gradually
dried acid became almost lita stone.
Today Herculaneum lies under 50
feet of this substance, over which are
more recent lava flows?
But the -fate of Pompeii was differ
r?t. ' The town is situated across a
Bb allow basin some eight miles from
tho volcano, and could not have been
reached by mud or lava. It waa,
nevertheless, - doomed to destruction.
The new-born voloano, leaping from
the bosom of the earth full-grown,
like Pallas from the brain of Jove,
teemed to exult in its terrible power.
A huge-mushroom of smoke, laden
frith ash and pumiee-siones^sas sent j
to a great height. This was caught
by the wind, and bent over Pompeii
till day became night on the streets of
the fated oity. For three days this
Pill shook down its ash and stones.
?nd when the wind shifted, Pompeii
was buried/ If any one is disposed
t?< read a contemporary account of
thiB fearful phenomenon, written by a
competent, witness of it all, let him
ton to thc letters of Pliny the
"inger. . '. v-...
.? But the destruction of the popula-j
?on was not so complete as at St.
?re, for whereas ibero were 20,000
n*biUn?, ?Us estimated that only
?<KK> lost their . lives. Most of the
pie fled at; the first outbreak* and !
1 probable that those who lost their |
_T *?re. mostly persons who return
'or treasures during a loll in the
Manie storm, and who were caught
" * "econd outburst. So the city of j
?ttpeii waa taken away, ts it were,
?* tbe stage of the world, and seal*
top for 1,800 years, to be opened
'oar generation'aa.'a specimen of I
ht long past life.
?se wonders at first why it was that
?time of suoh advancement as that
the Caesars, the buried city should
ive bcen so lost to sigh J,. But on
fought it is piain! Supposo
Pierro to be buried now under. 201
:i ?f sah, Would any ono think ?f
:o it wa? a Flourishing
A. B. Cooke of Wofford College.
exhuming it? If people wished to
dwell there again, as they might after
some generations had dulled the sense
of fear, t'jey would do just what the
Ntcr Romans did, build over the city,
and leave its ashes in peaoe. The
interest in Pompeii today, leaving
aside the nameless interest of the
tourist, is archaeological; and that in
terest had no existence in the early
centuries. So Pompeii wes left in
oblivion till some hundred and fifty
years ?go, when interest in it was
aroused through the finding by a
peasant of a buried house with strange
contents. Finally the Italian govern
ment took hold cf the matter, end ex
cavations were carried forward till the
greater part of the city has been ex
Only a visit to Pompeii can do any
juotico to the place. Its contents aro
so rich and varied. If one may judge
from the number of temples discover
ed, the Pompeian was no atheist, with
all his epiourean life. There were
temples to Jupiter and Appollo and
Mercury and Fortune, then ther? was
a temple to Isis, the Egytian coi ty,
whioh shows the presence of that re
ligious cult in the city, though it had
been put down by the Roman senate
some 30 years before on aooount of its
immorality. And here again these
ancient Pompeians show their human
nature, they were prone to run after
strange gods. Dowieisui had not then
made its appearance, or we might
have found a temple to that cult.
The remarkable state of preserva
tion of Pompeii is owing to the man
ner in which it was destroyed. It
was not burned. The hot ash and
pumioe-stoneB falling upon the roofs,
oharred all the wood work-the roofs
were of tile supported by wood raf
ters-till it gave way. Then the
houses were filled with the volcanic
dust. When this dust waB removed
after 1800 years, the fresco paintings
on the inner walls of the houses were
found to be in almost a perf cot. state
of preservation. These paintings,
with other things, show the volup
tuous life of the people. Many of
the houses had their walls decorated
with these frescoes done in the best
art, each room having decorations in
harmony with the use to which it vas
put-fruits and meats and hunting
scenes in the dining room, nymphs
and fountains in the baths and bed
chambers. Some of the finest statues
extant were found in Pompeii; for
example, the bronce statues of Nar
cissus and the Danciog Fawn. The
Pompeian was not satisfied to have a
few specimens of art in his parlor
where callers might see them. His
whole house was an art gallery, u be
ginning sometimes, SB in the case of
the house of the Tragio Port, with
the mosaio floor of tho vestibule and
running through all the corridors and
rooms. And this work was done by
artists, not by whitewasher. One
can but wonder what it mast have
cost a Pompeian gentleman td. have
his. house decorated. These Pom?,
peian frescoes have a peculiar interest
and value in that they are the oldest
apeofmens of painting in existence,
and it is through'them ?hat we get
nearest to the long lost paintings of
the old Greek masters.
The baths of Pompeii' are remark
able, too. They are the most perfect
specimens of the Roman bath, an ir
stitution which ployed a large part ia
the life of the leter Roman. There
was a cool chamber whore the bather
took off his street dress and prepares
for exercise. Large stone balls found
here indioate that tho Pompeian
played a kind of tenpins. The exer
cise over, he went, into a room which
waa heated by hot air passed'tbrongb
the hollow walls. Then he proceeded
to the plunge bath. One feels that
he is close to ancient history when ho
picks up ono of th?se balls and sets it
going or 4places his hand on the mart
ble steps of the plunge bath, as smooth
as if the Pompeian'a fout had left it
j ' ; Ia the houses wwvo found many
things of interest. Large quantities
of bread were found in the bakeries,
oarboatecd, but otherwise looking per
fectly cabe'*lt'jost as a loaf of br?-d
would look if it were burned bia ok to*
day. Bough, wes also found in the
! tray. Whole eggs are to be seen BOW
in the national museum at Naples that
some Pompeian hen had .'aid about
the time of Paul, and Kuglish wal
nut?, too, that grew at the same time.
Bundies of grapes may be seen there,
too, thai were intended for a Roman
palate, and prunes ?that any one would
recognise, ao.-perfectly have they kept
their she pe. Pears and plums were
among the fruits exhumed.1 These
were allJbiack aa carbon, but other
wise quite natural looking.
In due house- a largo quantity ci
surgeon's instruments were found,
probes, lancets, knives, besides many
more complicated instruments suoh so
our surgeons use today, and along
with them many bottles of drugs.
How cfteo the knocker of that house
sounded in the nights of long ago,
calling the good physician to the bed
eide of some sufferer. But all flesh is
grass, and all the glory of man is ss
the flower of grass. The grass with
eretb and tb a flower f adeth away.
There weis for.nd in the ruins some
2,000 numan bodies, men, women and
children; bodies of slaves and bodies
of their masters, for the slave still
wore the emblem of his slavery. An
old maa with bis iron shod cane; a
oripple with one foot gone; a mother
tad daughter in the esme bed; s young
msn with knotted muscles, perhaps .
gladiator; s little child with its hands
outstretched; and a faithful dog who
had kept his master company even in
that torrible hour. You may look
into their stony faces and build up
about them sgsin at your will the life
of aneient Pompeii. But their esrs
have been deaf these 1800 years, and
their eyes have been sealed since
that terrible night descended upon
them from the top of Vesuvius.
So lies Pompeii with its dead today
beside the blue wsters of the M?diter*
ranean, while Vesuvius sends up its
remittent column of smoke, red
against the walls of night. And
along the crescent bay below stretches
the eity of Naples, its streets
sprinkled with ashes from the voloapo
soon, and ita pavements trembling
with repeated quskings of the
earth, while its people ooaree lift
their eyes toward the smoking moun
tain. A. B. Cooke.
God is Good to Us.
In spite of the things that go wrong,
God is mighty good to tbiq country.
Never before in the history of this
land has nature opened her oornuoopia
more generously and poured out great
er plenty. /
The West has a record-breaking
wheat crop that is taxing her labor
eapaoity to the fullest to harvest. And
it takes less of it to make a barrel of
flour than in previoub years.
The South has a paying cotton erop
coming on, and the growers are talk
ing IO cent cotton and prosperity. -
Thc corn crop of th? country prom
ises to be 300,000,000 bushels larger
than ever before. The whole indi
cated corn orop, at present prioes,
mesas something like $1,640,000,000
to the fsrmerB.
There are indicated bumper orops
of oats, rye, rice, flss, barley, tobac
co and potatoes-worth hundreds of
The farmer is not alone ia beiog
Throughout the laud, from the
lskes to the gulf sod from sea to ses,
the factories are hamming with busy
There are no strikes of cons?quence
and oo prospect of any.
The steel industry is many months
behind its orders.
. Every shipbuilding plant sod oar
shop is worked to the fallest capa
ID the great arteries of commerce
the ships and freight trains are oarry
jug aii they oso.
The barometers of business, the re
tail stores, are registering their finest
The back reports show a steady in
crease in savings.
Every oity of enterprise has its
Perhaps never before, anywhere in
the world, did an entire people live
better than do the people of this coun
jj There is money to spare in pleasure.
New York alone ?B spending $60,000,-'
000 on its summer vacations. Before
the season ends 200,000 Americans
will have sailed for Europe. In Phil
adelphia 85,000 people in a single
week attended six ball games.
Ail goeB well in this land of the
free I-Atlanta Journal.
Queered Him Willi Easterner.
Two Bslesmea who know each other
Well happened to call on the same
man ai the sam? time, only to discov
er that his office, door was looked,
ssys tho-New York San: One bf
them suggested that they leave their
cards sticking in the crack of the
"Not on your life," said the other,
"and I'll tell you why. I bad a
good customer in tho machinery line
who had an office ia one of tba down
town baildings, Ode day when I
called he wac ont and the office was
looked, co I stnek my card in the crack
as you suggested jost now. ' Not long
after a rival salesman blew in and saw
my card. He wrote on the face of it,
just over ray name: "I have been try
ing to find yon for two days; now yon
can go to; hell/ All I could say never
equared it with tho customer *nd the
.other fellow got the trade.
"How do I know who did it? The
scoundrel bsd tho nerve to tell me."
Drowned by a Shark,
Beaufort, N. C., July 29.-A most
h>rrible and shocking acoidcnt occur
red at Davis Shore, about ten miles
east of Beaufort, yesterday afternoon,
when Sutton Davis, a 16-year-old lad,
while wading and playing in the water,
was suddenly attacked and eaten by a
very large shark. Sutton was in the
water about waist deep, when sudden
ly a ehark appeared, threw him in the
air and caught him as he struck thc
water, pulled him under and disap
peared in deep water with the boy.
Thorough search has been made, but
no part of his body has been found.
Those that were with him were terri
bly frightened, but could not help the
poor boy. Tho accident has thrown
a feeling of horror over our town peo
ple and the guests of the community.
The people, and particularly the ehil- j
dren, have enjoyed the fine dives and !
invigorating swimming mstohes whioh
they daily participate in. A largo
number of sharks have been notioed
ia our waters for two weeks, but no
ohs felt muoh anxiety concerning the
terrible monster. A large quantity
of fat backs have been caught this
month, and a quantity of refuse mat
ter has been thrown baok into the wa
ter from the factories and sharks have
come in to feast. It is the first time
a person has been molested by a shark
in our waters in nearly fifty years.
Old-Time Yankee Thrift.
H. C. Frick was talking to the Cin
cinnati Enquirer man about Yankee
"The Yankee of the psst, the old
eohool Yankee," he said, "wes so
thrifty that he could literally make
something oat of nothiog; he could
literally create property where nobe
"In West Overton, where I was
born, there used to live an old Yankee.
This veteran conducted a big business
in eggs and ohiokens. I asked him
one day how his business started, and
the answer be gave me afforded a
good example of the Yankee's thrifty
"He said that, having little to do
one summer he borrowed from a neigh
bor a sitting hen, or cluoker, along
with a dozen eggs.
"He set the hen on the eggs, and
she hatched them all out. Thus he
was the possessor of a dozen chick
"But he had Hill tho twelve borrow
ed eggs to return. After thinking the
matter out he kept the hen till she
had lsid twelve eggs. Then he re
turned her along with the twelve eggs
to the owner.
"Thus out of nothing, out of abso
lutely nothing, the Yankee created a
property of twelvo ohiokens, which
j gradually developed .into the finest
chicken farm Wost Oveit-pn had ever
A Mule And Millions.
In the August World's Work this
story is told of the discovery of the
famouB Coeur d'Alene mines: Half
the lead that has been mined in the
United States hsB come from the fa
mous Coeur d'Ale?es, the moat pro
ductive lead mines in the world. Like
many of the richest mines, they were
discovered by pure luck. A man lent
Lis mule to two prospectors. In the
oourse of their wandering the mule
was tied to a tree, and he, becoming
impatient, pawed the ground and un
covered a lead vein whioh is now the
site of the famous Bunker Hill Sulli
van Mine. The owner of the mule
sued for a third interest in the olaim,
and* the Courts granted it to bira,
stating that as the mule had made th?
discovery, and that, as he was its own
er, he was.entitled to the male's shsro.
The three owners sold their discovery
for $500,000 and nothing was too good
for that male for the rest of his days.
He was exhibited in a private car and
lived on the fat of the land, and now
a tombstone marks his grave. His
harness hangs in a noted saloon, where
it is gazed upon With deepest rever
ence by the old-time prospectors.
The mine is the riohest silver-lead
mine in the world, yielding a net rev
enue of $1,500,000. Sinco their dis
coveryj?kij884 the Coeur d'Alene
Mines have produced nearly $200,000,
000 in gold, silver and lead.
- It's easier for a wise man to aot
foolish than it is for a foolish man to
- Law's delay is the lawyer's
nw is m in
Wature Helps Mi-o*na Cure 81
The summer months are tho best
ia the whole year fer the treatment
aod euro of stomach troubles. The
out-door life, with natural exercise,
the frait and berries which. ara sc
freely eaten, all help to restore
healthy action to tho digestive or
Now when nature will .?id Mi-o-ni
in? curing . indigestion and giving
strength, to the stom?ah and who!?
digestive system, is the best time t(
j use this remarkable remedy.
A Modern Instance.
On the theory that examples of
bravery and eel f-sacrifice minister to
the betterment of the human raee the
unusual story of Roi in Ellison, bank
er, of LaGrange, Indiana, and that
of his family, deserves a wide pub
Ellison's bank failed because ?ts
proprietor had more than his share of
civic spirit. He took great pride in
the growth of his town and to help
along its prosperity went into about
every new enterprise that waa pro
posed. He got ia too deep. Real
izing that he had violated the bank
ing laws, he voluntaiily pleaded guil
ty and is serving a short teem in thc
Ellieon gave up e7?ry dollar to hin
creditors. His wife relinquished her
That is rather unusual to begin
Now Mrs. Ellison is housekeeper in
a summer resort hotel. Her son is
porter and chore boy and her two
daughters are waiters on table. The
boy gives up college and the girls so
But th.:re is another pretty story
Years ago Banker Ellison helped a
young man whom everybody said was
"no account." The young man wen t
weet and got rich. When Mr. Elli
son's bank failed the young man came
to LaGrange and offered his benefac?
tor half of his fortune and begged
him to take it. Ellison said :
"I have violated the law, though
with no bad intention. I will take
my medicine. My family is a brave
one. We will pull through and start
Anything finer than that ?
No, sir ; not even in Plutarch's
Prison stripes can have no mark on
that sort of a man. And there can
come no shame of iuch a husband and
father, even though he be in the pen
And that family 1 It is worth go
ing to purgatory and back again to
discover such a wife and children.
- There would be no such thing
as a silent tomb if women had their
- Some people mistake patienoe fo:
Do YOU Know
IS TO BB --.
-- O* THE -
- FOR -
Here ls a sample clipping:
?? rf ATD RAL PUHCT??TIOS. ~
fi "I Io? would ron punctual* UUt sentence?"
il il MKtdUwMaestro grtmawvrtrhctorloi
F - ?At Jote? orv ar- ute -book. On?? flro4ojla*
I bill* ?rt?eoU? ?toe?! Cit? M.?".???Si1? J"t
I ter** ont rr?m between Uso pb ge I trd wc?
S cjuirtit up by tb* brtti?J " - _* j
B^ pu pli, proaptiy. 'rfVh ?MWJ1
mf Have you ever read, or do voa know ^
where there is a little story.as good or
fl better than the above? We will give
-- FOR --
We want little' stories, anecdotes, bits of
verse - any clipping from a newspaper,
magazine or book (not to exceed 500 words)
that has made you
Tiilnk, Laugh or Cry
840 prizes will be given for the best selec
tions. Ten piles of silver dollars as high
as the first ten sticcesful competitors are
the first awards. You have just as good
a chance as anyone.
The only condition for entering this com
petition is that you send with your clipping
50c for a six months' trial subscription to
Tate National Magazine
Hil MOIMtto WflWOf ttffStfrt. I. WO.
i cm SB ttu wyi Sj 53 ?IA ?55 HjBjij j
JOB CHAPPLX, ITttkul KHUIM. Ho.ua, MW
Dui Bia r- MM M MM mj MM m th* BIO,fro cl^clac ??3
"i.uoui Mxuis?, ud fmmm tai to
IE T8 GET Wttl.
iomach Tronbles in Short Order.
If you suffer with headaches, indi
gestion, flatulency, specks before the
eyes, fermentation, heart burn, dizzi
ness, or have a variable appetite, and
a general feeling of despondency or
weakness, it shows dearly chat the
stomach is not digesting the. food as
i Just one little tablet out of a .uO
. eent box of Mi-o-na for a fcv days,
aod all this will be changed for the
bitter, and health restored. Ask
' Evans Pharmacy t? show you the
Mi-o La guarantee.
wm YOUR CRIP^^?#%v^
V fIB/H^^? c" *,no a^a'n< ?' H'e an(^ vonr business sceum dull ?R^. ^ws2?
nwiVrarjP ?*,(* y?,,r WITS mo dull-take from :} to r? Ky. ^B^i^^W-~^v
Rj)ivrl/%? dale's IJver Tablets, on? nt ii time, un hour apart ^feySr^f^sft'.v.
Vj lW\i!H niu* vf" l>0 ."".prisi'd ttl?) next ini.ruuig to'see V^isflr^vvV
w// lKl}H how bright and clear everything will be. You will ^SaMBrX \?w
r'''J/ Illili begin y?'ur day's work with so 'mich added vim and ^J?r
ml 'ti-.lin vigor Chat you will naturally Increase your bunine KS j^^dw
t 'i/IWAc? KiirtS'? by I lio weight of personality you will Int ah'lo
l l ? ?I to infuse into every detail. The formula of Kydule'n M&K
li vi'iN 1 Liver Tableta is one of the moKteffecthe combinations **E?
?A/UB// flu^nl -H known to modern medical science.
M ? IfyuwH-t. "if'ut y.')Ur ll^?^..,,, K,*Ml wo?*JnK order.and nine-tenths of your otbe r
^S?Hllnii lii^-?* n!l"";ntK V 11 uiiilV'I-.'ar. Often what you think to be dy si. er?lil
^IiVMI/M ,u'nrt ,nV",,V- or cbrotiic coHst.pation ls merely o.f th.? u, '
-M "?l/J/fiF^*? craMW?a ???M?'* ?ver. W hen vonr liver gets .Wy. voe. feel dopey
?HJI .INK? aU ov,'r< al"1 11 '* Ihiblutoinauifest itself in n multitude ot wavs t ll
? \Vv"W*sVv . yAV ?linK'ne you Ir.vo a little of every disease going. Don"! Wail
^B?^?VV^?^K^^ till you get In this condition, but take Kydnle's Liver Tablets the Hrst
rr?Hteju2s?^?te=: t'PI'.yuu feel dull and disinclined tc grapple w ith the routine duties
o'fl'r^StXS- L!FU' By talc ?HR a stitch (tablet )lr time you'll save lioth wurrv ami
"-^ tableman.! avoid III health. Rydal*.'? Liver Tablets are easy to take
pleasant In effect. alw ays satisfactory In results. 50 cbocolate-cotued
Tableta in a convenient box, S3 ceuts.
M'f'd by tho RADICAL REMEDY CO., Hickory, N. Ca,
FOR SALE BY EVANS PHARMACY.
IP YOU ARE GOING TO BUY
We want a chance to sell yon.
If yon OWE US yen don't kaowthow we would app reci
to a payment theselpinchingl^lmes.
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
Now comea the "Good Old Summer Time"
when you want one of our.
Up-to-Date VEHICLES for Pleasure.
Buch board, Traps,
And in fact anything you need in the Vehicle Hue you will find at o ur Re
positories. A fine line of HARNESS, SADDLES, UMBRELLAS, CAN
OPY SHADES, DUSTERS, &c.
Call and examine for yourself, and if we cannot suit you it will be our
fault. Very truly,
FEETWELL-EANKS GO., Anderson, & C.
THE SOUTH'S GREATEST SYSTEM!
Unexcelled Dining Car Service.
Through Pullman Sleeping Cars on all?Tra?:i>\
ConvenientSSchedules on all Local Trains.
WINTER TOURIST RATES are now in^effect to all FIoi: 3; .Pointe
For full information aa to rates, routes, etc.^fj coEsult^ncarest Sentient
Railway Ticket Agent, or
R. W. HUNT, Division Pauaenger.Agenl, Charleston, 8. a
ONE CAR OF HOG FEED.
Have just received one Car Load of HOG FEED
(Shorts) at very close prices. Come before they are
all gone. Now ia the time for throwing-"
Around your premises to prevent a case of fever or
some other disease, that will cost you very much more
than tiie price of a barrel of Lime ($1.00.) We have
a fresh shipment in stock, and will be glad to send yo?
some. If yon contemplate building a barn or any
other building, see ns before buying your-?
CEMENT and LIME,
As we sell the very best qualities only.
O. D. ANDER80N.
WE have moved our Shopand office below Peoples* Bank, in"! front ol
Mr. J. J. Fretwell's Stables. We respectfully ask all our friends that need
any Roofing done, or any kind of Repair work, Engine Stacks, Evaporators,
or any kind of Tin or Gravel Rooting to call on us. as we are prepared Jo do
It* promptly and in best maojier.&SoTidtingfrourj>atronii^ wo are.
* r Respectfully, BURRlSs & DI WER. .