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Mrs. Toogan "W"itnesse<
H?nasBas, Ya., May 1f.-"Yes, sir,
.reckon I saw more fighting than
jaany men who were in the army.
?>cad men lay so thick around here 1
Joity-two years ago that you couldn't
walk in the field without treading on
.'jem. 1 hear the soldiers is coming
iowa here this fall-I hope none of
'Acm don't get killed."
This was said by an old woman
'?ho, while she spoke, stirred ashes in
?a ( pen fireplace with a rusty bay
Dnet gripped in her withered hands.
.Her D%bia, Lucinda Hogan.
This woman watched tho course of
ie battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1801.
>ce heard the guns of Tyler's division
vhen they opened on Beauregard's left
tank at the Stone Bridge She saw
?ie columns of Hunter and Heint/.ol
jeas as they swept south from Sudley
io turn the Confederate rear and seize
iie Manassas Gap railroad. She saw
?he Confederate brigades of Bee and
??.7tcw driven from Buck Hill. She
T?w the Confederate troops swinging
ie the north from thc fords along
Juli Run. 1 his old woman saw the
&rec divisions of McDowell's army
tad the armies of Beauregard and
Jbhn.son come together, and she saw
Sta crimson struggle on Henry Hill.
3he saw the Union troops give way
lite in the afternoon of that sultry,
bloody Sunday. Her vantage ground
-na? a hill at Groveton, a hundred
i&rds cast of her dwelling and one
joile west of thc Henry farm, the
local point of the first battle of Bull
"Her farm- Peach Grovo Farm,
Groveton-was the central field of the
second battle of Bull Ruu, August 23,
?TB and 30, 1802. The old woman
'fiept her house while the fighting went
aa at Gainesville, two and a half
ailes WODI, but on thc second day,
ingust 2(J, was ordered from the field
Jxring the artillery overture to the
ongagement at Groveton. With three
children she found refuge at the
lewie house, a milo away, listened to
ihe crash of the fight and dodged
stray shells. She returned to her
ioroe at Groveton as soon as Pope
withdrew toward Centcrville in his
jetreat from the Rappahannoek to the
Totomao, and she saw the field of
Groveton in its gory horror.
Mrs. Dogan is 87 years old, deeply
crinkled, but "right spry." Her
memory is faithful. She said:
'When the troops some down here
n 1 hopo they won't put ball car
badges in their muskots. I don't
?ant to hear hundreds of men lying
about the fields groaning and moaning
3sr water. Just as soon as the firing
.*aBed, all you could hear was moans
for water. It sounds plain, evan
"It don't seem so long ago. It was
at breakfast time Sunday morning
ihat we heard cannonading down the
yike toward Bull Run and my hus
band says 'the Yankees is coming.'
IVc went up on that hill yonder and
saw white smoke down by the Stone
3ridge. We saw men coming back
seros s the hills toward Sudley road
aa? we knew tho Johnnies were re
locating. The road was dry and we
?ou)d see clouds of dust rising above
ihe trees toward Sudley Springs.
"We saw duBt off on the right in
?he direction of Ball's Ford, Black
burn's Ford and Manassas, and my
husband said that must bc the
'Southern soldiers coming from that
-way. The men we saw coming from
toward Stone Bridge went up toward
.Sudley. The shooting over there
around the Matthews house was
pretty brisk. Then we saw long
Hne8 of men ran across the Henry
Jeld and go to tho support of those
?hai had come down from the bridge.
iSawa of cannon were drawn up across
ihn Henry place. The shooting was
setting sharper and sharper, and
?very few seconds a oannon would
"AH our men who went toward
Hedleys\-egan to run hack, stopping to
vhoot aa-fhtf-i as they oould load. They
Tan down Buck Hill with the Yankees
sunning after them. The fields around
ale Henry house were filling np with
teeops, and more were ecuaing up from
Seward Manassas all the time. The
7?nk?es crossed tho Talley and began
?Sarging op cfic Henry Hill. By this
tone snare was an a??fol din, and be?
(tareen IBO smoke and dust we could
igt**, eaton a gUmpec of the soldiers
Yara and there. The firing wai very
?pt?ek. We could see ike Henry house
inning, and .troops of men pushing
atong toward the main battle ground.
Irte Yankees ku j. t coming down from
.Sudley and the Johnnies kept coming
. from toward ?*. Manassas. Several
mAt? shots carno over our way, tear
ing up the ground not very far in
iront of us. A lot of tho neighbors
. from all around here were over ou tho
1 Battles at Bull 3* un.
"The noise of the battle got louder
all the time and the dust and ?moke
got higher and thicker. About 4
o'clock we could seo men running
back across tho Matthews place, get
ting away from the fighting. More
and more of them went running back
"It wasn't long before it seemed as
if all the men that had come down
from Sudley waa running back that
way. The noise got fainter and dust
and smoko at the Henry place cleared
away enough for us to see thc puffs of
emoke coming out of thc guns
stretched across from the Henry to
tho Robinson house. We could Hee
troops march down thc pike and could
catch sight of a flag once in awhile.
The fire slackened and the smoke
cleared away. The dust was rising
over toward .Sudiey, and we knew the
bluecoats were going around that way
to get back to Centreville. Then we
went in the house and got supper.
That evening we drove over toward
thc Henry place. They was gathering
up the wounded, and some men were
digging trenches and getting ready to
bury thc dead. The field was toro up
with shells and killed and wounded
men were sprawled out all about, but
not thick like after the second battle.
There was a good many dead horses
and some cannon with the wheels off.
You could pick up a wagonload of
guns and haversacks in no time.
Mrs. Dogan was an important wit
ness in tho congressional inquiry
which corrected the record of General
Fitz John Porter. Porter did not
move forward on August 21), beoause,
as ho said, Longstreet was in front
of him. Porter's opponents contend
ed that Longstreet did not paBS
through Thoroughfare Gap till the
morning of the 2lHb, and could not
have como down upon Jackson's right
at Groveton and ir. front of Porter till
the afternoon of that day. Mrs.
Dogan testified that Longstreet and
MB staff took breakfast in her house,
at Groveton, early in the morning of
the 29th, and that his troops were
ooming up and deploying to Jackson's
right at that time.
Mrs. Dogan says General Long
street told her at breakfast sho had
better move from Groveton. Later in
the day, when tho battle was hot back
! of Groveton, and about Sudley, an
officer of Jackson's staff rode up and
ordered her to leave the plaoe and to
take along her children. She had not
been gone an hour when Union troops
and batteries began drawing up around
Groveton, and Confederate shells
were breaking there. The next day,
August 30, the Dogan farm was one
of the bloody battlefields of tho Civil
War. The railroad cut which Jack
son held, and where the Union Army
sustained the most grievous loses?
runs through the Peach Grove Farm
of the Logans.
Pope withdrew from Groveton dur
ing the night of August 30, and Mrs.
Dogan returned in tho morning of
"The place was terrible," she said,
"for the Union dead had not been
buried. They had shoveled dirt over
the bodies just where the men fell,
and out of thc ?oft mounds that cov
ered the field I could sec heads, feet
and hands sticking out. Some of the
dead had. been overlooked and these
bodies wore not even oovered up.
There was a hard rain soon after the
battle and the soft dirt was washed
off tho bodies. Up there by the
"cut" you oouldn't walk without
treading on a dead man. The bodies
in time came to be nothing but bones,
and after the war men oame down
with horses and wagons and gathered
up the bones and buried them at Ar
lington. If the troops come down
this way this fall I hope they won't
use ball cartridges in their muskets."
The Dogan house was a popular
resting place for Mosby's men, and
that enterprising cavalryman, or
raider-"scotti, as the Southern peo*?
pie oalled him, and '-'bushwhacker."
as the Northern people called him
often dropped in for a meal. The j
morning after the reckless capture of
General S loughton, at Fairfax Court
house, MoBby stopped for breakfast.
"I remember. General Stoughton
well," said Mrs. Dogan. "That morn
ing when they came down the pike he
was a pitiful looking objeot. He was
only about half dressed *?i did not
have a hat on. He waa riding a h?rte I
without a saddle and his legs wera
dangling. I think ho had a shoo on '
one foot. I gave him some hot ooffee
.nd oom bread and ha seemed very j
? . ? i
'UPI The more a man blows tho less
wind he has to use in making good.
- If a young man means half ho.
daring courtship the girl ls
First Man Killed.
The very first lifo lost in the final
direct struggle over Secession was on
the Federal side at Kort Sumter, in
an accidental explosion after the fort
had surrendered, April 13, 18G1. But
the first Confederate to be killed in
line of battle was Private Henry Law
son Wyatt, a soldier in Company A,
First North Carolina Regiment, in
fantry. I?B life was lost in the bat
tle kooirn as that of "Big Bethel,"
fought June 10, 1861, near Yorktown,
The conflict at Big Bethel was the
first land battle of the war. Though
on a minor scale, it was a victory for
the Southern arms. The Confederate
troops engaged belonged to tho oom
maud of General John B. Magruder,
the infantry force being chiefly the
First North Carolina Regiment, under
the immediate command of Col. D.
' H. Hill, who was afterwards a lieu
tenant genoral io the Confederate
j service, and who has been quite uni
j vernally regarded as the hero of the
battle. The lieutenant-colonel of the
regiment was C. C. Lee, and the ma
jor was James II. Lane, both of whom
subsequently rose to the rank of bri
gadier-general in the Confederacy.
The regiment passed into history as
"Tho Bethel Regiment" of North
Thc Federal troopsengaged in the
action were under the immediate
command of General B. F Butler.
Henry Lawson Wyatt was a native
of Virginia, born in Richmond Feb
ruary 12, 1842, a son of Isham and
Lucinda Wyatt, .the latter of whom
had but recently died. Henry had
learned tho carpenter's trade and was
working in Tarboro, N. C., when the
war broke out-his father having
moved from Virginia to Pitt county,
. C., in 1850.
Young Wyatt was one of tho very
first men to enlist as a soldier for the
southern cause when the Governor of
North Carolina called for volunteer*
April, 1861, after the Lincoln
proclamation declaring war against
the Southern States. Ile entered the
Edgeoomb Guards, under command of
Captain John L. Badgers. Fifty
four days after ho was mustered into
the service, Henry Wyatt fell in bat
tle at thc age of 20. He was buried
near the foot of the Cornwallis monu
ment, Yorktown, Va.
Young Wyatt last his life under cir
cumstBoces of great gallantry and
heroism. In the beginning of the
battlo in whioh he fell the sharp
shooters of the enemy ocoupied a house
between the two opposing lines, blu
and gray. A call was made for voluo
tours to advance across the interven
ing distance, through an open field
200 yards wide, and tire the building.
Corporal George W. V.'illiams, Pri
vate Henry Lawson Wyutt, John H.
Thorpe, Thomas Fallon, and Robert
H. Bradley responded to the call and
attempted to perform the duty. They
had proceeded but a short distance
into the field when Henry Wyatt fell
with a bullet in his brain in a volley
fired from the building. The other
four soldiers dropped to the earth
and remained until they could with
safety rejoin their command, went
through the entire war and ave yet
Very soon after the cannonading of
the house began. Major Winthrop,
gallant and noble son of Conneotiout
endeavored to lead his men into the
action; but as he oame to the front
waving has sword about his head, the
North Carolinians fired a volley at
him and he fell dead, his body riddled
with bullets-he, I believe, was the
first victim among the Federal officers
io thc war. Ilia native Stato has
long ago well perpetuated his mem
The Stato of North Carolina has at
last determined to treasure in perpet
uity the features and name of the
daring and noble Wyatt. Through
the efforts of J. O. Birdsong, State
Librarian, a photograph of tho dead
hero was secured, and at the session
of the Legislature of 1891 the Libra
rian scoured an appropriation to have
a life-size painting made from the
only existing picture of the young
man, and a handsome oil portrait made
from it now adorns the walls of the
North Carolina State Library. Per
sons who bad known the living youth
say that the artist has, in a most
striking degree, caught the very
spirit of the daring, generous soul
and fixed its expression brilliantly io
the dark-lustrous eyes that gleam out
upon tho speaking canvas.-Richmond
He Was No Methuselah.
A certain young nan who lived in a
small town ia Georgia, having put in
an application for a position as teaeh
cr, (ell himself considerably aggrieved
nt tho Un reao on obie demands of his
questioners in authority.
Th ore waa an examination to ho
passed, and from thai ordeal the can
didate returned ie * melancholy state
"What's the matter, Sam?" asked
one of his townsmen. "Couldn't you
stand the examination?"
"No, sub.," was the answer. "They
naked-me about things that happen
-- ? j?. ,i M n IJJJUJI JJl^
Good for Your "Blues."
When you begin to think you have J
i hard time in life
When you imagine your sorrows are
greater, than other people's
When you are grouchy because your
plans do not pan out
Just then is a good time to compare !
your condition with that of some who
have a harder time than you, more sor
rows than you, less prosperity than
Should you happen to be in the sort
of mood described, read a touching
passage in the life history of a poor
Milwaukee woman. Head it anyway
-this from "tho short and simple an
nals of tho poor."
Mts. Mary Wiedig, widow, lost her
only ehild, a little girl. She had no
money to givo the child a decent se
pulchre. She went to the poor oom- i
missioner. And this is the sequel:
Mrs. Wiedig staggered up the path '
in the oemetery which led to the plot
of ground where her husband was
buried, bearing the little ooffin which
held the body of her little one. She
took a spade she had put there the
day before and began to dig. Poor
woman, she was digging the grave of
her only child-the last sweet tie that
had held her to earth.
And as she worked she sobbed and
cried. She called on the dead man un
der the ground to help her bear her
sorrow till she could come to him.
A man who passed through thc cem
etery heard the crying and went to the
spot where the frail woman bent to her
She explained why she was digging
the grave herself. She bad no money
to pay the sexton. "They would have
buried her for me for nothing if I had
let them put her grave over there in
the potter's field. But she was such
a little child, so little, and sometimes
when I was obliged to leave her alone
she was afraid of the dark. I wanted
her to lie by her father's side so she
would not be afraid. I told the poor
commissioner how I felt and he gave
me this ooftio. The woman who live?
next door from me is coming out next
Sunday to plant some vines."
And the agonized mother talked on,
half wild with her grief and scarce
knowing what she said, calling
tenderly the name now of husband,
now of ohild.
The man had a heart. He hurried
to the sexton and gave him money to
dig the ohild's grave and money to
round the little mound and plant some
simple flowers. And the woman cried,
but this time the tear? were sweet in
stead of bitter.
This story is not from the pages of
Neither is it a fauoy sketch.
It is printed in a reliable newspaper
which gives full particulars concern
ing the woman's home and history.
There are thousands of stories as
sad as hers! ?
Compare your disappointments and i
troubles and sorrows and heart aches f
with those of this miserable one. Are J
you not ashamed of your fault findings f
and bitterness and hatred of condi- f
You have not passed through Hades. |
.Explains How Mills Will Suffes ?
Washington, Aug. 5.-A. H. Twit- ,
chell of Spartanburg, president of j
the Glendale and Clifton Cotton Mills ]
was in the city today on his way fora ?
short vaoatiou to Atlantio City.
As Mr. Twitoheil is known widely m?
an export on ootton manufacturing, he ,
was asked what he thought about the ,
Chinese boycott, and if he thought it
would amount to anything. He said:
"About two years ago the Chinese
threatened to boycott American goods
pretty muoh cs they are doing now,
and nothing oaiac of the matter. Of
course, I cannot tell what may be the
outcome of the present threat, but I
will say this, that as far as many of
thc mills in South Carolina are con
cerned, they are not now, nor will they
be affected by any action of the Chi
nese for some months, at least. Many
of the mills there have contracts for
six months and some a year ahead,
and of course, they are safe at least,
untii that time expires, so far as the
output of their mills is concerned.
"Before the two mills at Clifton,
number two and number three, were
washed away by the flood of 1903, we
were making coarse export goods but
since we rebuilt them we have been
making fine goods whioh as you know,
is sold at home. -So the mills in whioh
I am interested will not be effected
materially in the matter one way or
"I cannot say what the seriousness
of the question may amount to. How"
ever, I understand that most of the
selling agents in the North are satis
fied with the business they are doing,
and have not sent in any alarming
reports to the South concerning the
matter."-Special to Greenville News.
- Generally a man thinks he is dis- !
tinguished when his name sounds
something like a man's who if.
- A woman is't half as crazy to go
away in summer as she is to have her
neighbors not be able to.
- The job of trying tokeep a wo
man happy all the time is nearly as
easy as inventing that flying machine.
- Advioe should be well shaken
before being taken.'
- Beware of the red flag. It's an
archy or an auction.
Did Not Think of Past.
Harry Mette!, Bays ; York, Pa.,
lispateh to tho New York Times, who i
s just reoovering from a /all of sixty
eel, told to-day about his sensations.
Elis fall was from a sixty-foot smoko
itack to a tin roof. He made him
leif slight on his feet, breaking one
eg and sprain) 03 the other. He is
twenty yesrs old, and has worked as
i painter upon high structures since
be was seventeen years old.
"I hi Te oftec read a\?d have heard
Hhers say that when r.n iu^ividual is
in great peril of tis life all the im
portant events and -'ends of his career
flit like pictures through his mind,"
be said in telling of the fall. "I ex
perienced no suo>i sensation, an i do
not recall thirding of a previous inci
dent of my life when I realised I tras
about to fall or while I was making
"I was dinging to a rope attaohed
to the top of the staok. It was my
only support. A few inohes above
me I saw that the strands of the rope
were parting, and I realized that I
"My first thought was my two com
panions who were working on the roof
directly under me. I shouted: 'Look
out, down there, I am going to frill 1'
Aa I saw them hurry out of danger
my next thought was of the steam
whistle at the foot of the omokestaok.
"I'll strike it and be impaled upon it,'
I told myself.
"Then the rope broke, and I felt
myself ehooting downward with the
air currents produced by my rapidly
doBoendiDg body rushing past my ears.
The instant I felt myself falling my
thought was that I must avoid the
stream whistle and land on my feet.
"I managed to keep my body erect.
As I saw myself within a few feet of
the rocf I tried to land on my toes.
When ? lauded I fell in a relaxed
heap. I did not think I was hurt and
said aloud, 'That was lucky.' Then I
got upon my feet, and the instant my
weight ?as upon my legs I knew I
was hu? i."
- Ai; Memphis, Tenn., Aug. 4tb,
Thomas Brooks, a lineman employed by
the Western Union Telegraph company
fell thirty feet from a telegraph pole
and died a few hours later. Brooks
accidentally touched a live wire and
lost bis balance. His relatives live at
Greenwood, S. G.
- Another oabinet officer will soon
retire and seek the quietude of a nioe
frt position in New York. Seoretary
Shaw is io leave the treasury depart
ment early next year and become con
nected with one of the big trust com
- A Chicago lawyer has brought
suit against tbe city of Salem, Mass.,
for a million on behalf of a client
whose ancestor was burned as a witch
in 1692 by the town authorities.
Country Boy no Fool.
A boy sat on a rail fenoe enclosing
a cornfield. A city chap passed by,
"Your corn looko kind of yellow,
"Yep, that's the kind we planted ,
replied the bub.
"It don't look Uko you will get moro
than a half crop," said the city chap.
"Nope, we don't ezpeot to; the land
lord gete the other half," retorted the
The stranger hesitated a moment
and then ventured:
"You are not very far from a fool,
are you, my boy?"
"Nope, not more'n ten feet," said
the boy, and the city ohap moved on.
Spread of Yellow Fev er.
Washington, Augus? 3.-The pub
Ik hor.lta and mariae hospital servioe
his issued a circular on the preven
tion of yellow fever. The directions
j?ven look to the suppression of the
mosquito as the only means of pre
venting ito Bpread. "No mosquitoes,
no yellow fever" is tho motto announc
ed in big, blaok letters at the top of
the circular. The document contin
ues as follows:
"The infection of yellow fever ia
carried by mosquitoes, sad by no other
means is the io?coiion spread.
"Peraoas take tho disease by being
bitten by mosquitoes that have pre
viously bitten a yellow f evor patient.
"The mosquitoes to beoome infect
ed must bite a yellow fever patient
during the first three days of his at
taok. Those first three days, there
fore, are the most important time for
pre ven tin- tho access of m or? qui toon
to a fever atieat.
"It is often difficult to decide dur
ing the first three days whether a pa
tient has yellow fever; hence the ne
cessity in threatened communities of
plaoing a mosquito bar immediately
around every patient who has fever of
any kind, and for three days at least."
The necessity of drainage and sorecn
iog is dwelt upon with muoh empha
- The louder a man hollers about
his honesty the lower are the whispers
of other people about it.
- The average person can get over
being sick abed awfully quiok if he
gets an invitation to go off and havo
- When a man guesses what the
weather ?B going to be nc thinks he is
so smart he goes and loses all hie
money apeonlating in stocks.
- If a man runs into debt he must
either erawl out or stay in.
Soda Crackers are becoming more and more
It remains for the NATIONAL.BISCUIT COMPANY
-to hake more and more Untada Bte&ulf
Who desire more and more Soda Crackers pf
known purity, : cleanliness and unchanging
quality. lineada Biscuit have long been
- ; . , - y they do. a union of ali that is nutritive and < Wm
- V- . healthful at .the lowest possible cost-J>v % -
' \ ^ ^^^^^^^^ * ' fe^ v ^
'?? . MTIONAL B?SCU?T CO^mm^ ^: . WI