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' BT (TLTNKSCALKS ATLANGSTON, ~ ANDERSON, S. C.. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 23, 1905. VOLUME XLl-NO. 1?.
F?BMBBS UNION HEETIM
AM ESTBSUSIA8TIC CiATHERfNfi
Andiron, August 26.-Twelve ?nd
a Laif cent* for cotton. That ia the
golden promise that is now held out
to the farmers of the State. Is that
sot enough to make good farmers
think a great deal of their protective
organisations at"i of President. E. D.
Smith, Mr. Frederick H. Hyatt, and
the others who have in any way, in
thek opinion, contributed to the
present, and the promised price of the
This is naturally a prosperous and
rich country, but is more sc/jhan ever
with the prevailing good price of cot*
ton. Happiness reigns supreme in
Anderson. There was ? a oall for a
gathering of the Farmers' Union.
Farriers and their wives and chil
dren were invited lo a speaking and
barbecue here, and how they did
Thousands and thousands oame
from far and near, and it was a record
There must have been 5,000 people
at the speaking, and what a lot of
spoaBing there was from 10 a. m.
until almost 6 in the afternoon. But
why should the farmer tire to hear of
ten cont cotton and the* promise of
better prices, with a lot of good jokes
There is a large organization of the
Farmern* Union in Anderson County.
It is a different organization from the
Cotton Growers' Association. The
organization in this county is rather
cn the old Alliance lineo, with lodge
and secret manuel, but it appears to
be in sympathy with tho Cotton Grow
ers' Association, whioh is in tho zenith
of its glory in this and other States
For some reason about a d?zen
speakers were invited and these all
came. They came on the installment
President Smith, F. H. Hyatt,
Senator Latimer, Congressman Lover,
Congressman Talbert, Senator Till
man, J. Belton Watson, Seoretary
Sherman were all invited to speak and
?hen ?'?ujur Stribiing and President
Glenn all spoke.
_ The trouble was that Messrs. Smith,
.Lever and Hyatt did not get here
until the afternoon. President Glenn
exhausted every available speaker be
fore dinner, and then the throng went
for the fatted mutton and thousands
of pounds bf barbecue. The meeting
belonged to the Farmers' Union, and
it was almost funny to note how the
meeting would formally adjourn and
reassemble so as to speed the dispen
sary and prohibition speeches, and
get in another speech on farmers'
organizations, warehouses and kindred
The logical and eloquent speech of
the Farmers' Union was that of Presi
dent Ed D. Smith, who Is anxious to
get one of his organizations in Ander
son. He spoke for a full hour to an
enthusiastic and appreciative audi
ence. He is fuller of his crusade
than Tillman io of the dispensary,
and to-day Tillman was the good
Samaritan and gave way to Mr.
Smith, although he had o very right of
' Mr. Hyatt appreciated tho situa
tion, and talked very briefly and to
the point, and Congressman Lever
made a sensible and level-headed
Gol. Talbert first talked to the old
soldier. He talked against time, as
did Tillman and Latimer, while tho
gathering waited on tho cotton grow
ers' talkers. Major J. C. Stripling,
also a time filler, made fun of Senator
Tillman and related their first meet
ing at Bennettsville and jokingly said
be then picked "The lousy calf for
luck," and all through the meeting
this phrase was bantered baok and
President Glenn, of the Association,
seemed worried that all of the speak
ers oould not get into the picture, but
all talked to their heart's content ex
cept Mr. Sherman, who forfeited his
place by his late arrival.
The burden of the arguments was
for organization, confidence and ware
houses. President Glenn first pre
sented Gol. Jasper Talbert, who made
an eloquent talk to his old soldiers,
Senator Latimer urged the impor
tance of farmers' organizations, but
he pointed out that farmers must real
ize that they can only succeed with
the co-operatior of the banks and
merchants. Wit ? unity in the South
the marketing of oottou is still a
serious problem, because of the or
ganization of the Eastern and foreign
He urged thai reduotion of acre ago
was tho first essential and then com
' 'ae with the warehouses, bankers and
.ill men. There is no help exoept by
organization. He had consulted with
Southern mill mon aud they all rather
buy cotton ai ten cents and keep a
stesdy market, but the Southern spin
ner does not control just now. It is a
matter of speculation io the pur=h-=c
Providence has done more fer tue
farmers thau any organization. The
organization and Providence togeth
er have brought about the present
Senator Latimer advooates the
building and use of warehouses. Gol
ton ought to be better prepared for
Tlie president of the organization
ought to show its necessity. He said
that ii was foolish to suggest that
politics should be kept out of this or
I ganization. Politics is in religion and
I The losa of interest killed the Alli
ance. He was in favor of the Far
? mers* Union and joined, but he did
not want it given ail the credit for
present prices, because Providence
had a large share, and he feared over
planting. With continued good
prices, therefore, there was a serious
time ahead for the organisation. Mr.
Latimor then took up the good roads
firoposition and spoke of tho excel
eut work now being done. He ex
plained the economies of road build
ing and how hiB bili would operate
and why the Government should build
He wanted the Farmers' Union to
take a hand and call for good roads'
legislation. He insisted on organiza
tion to help get up the warehouses
and to run them.
He said he was not afraid of the
Farmer's Union electing men. He
wanted good business men io the
Union and wanted the best talent in
Senator Tillman who vrt.B thrown in
to help take up the slaok, said he was
invited to oome here aud talk the
bridle off. If he had prospered it
was the people's fault. If ho looked
fat and sleek and had the luck of a
lousy calf, as had been said, he thank
ed the people for it.
He believed iq organization, al
though he had not joined in this or
?anization, and still had his ootton.
Ie said he oame wich a speech in his
stomaoh on the dispensary, and he
bad a great deal of fun about Stab
ling putting him in to take up the
In his days the farmers' organizi
tion went into the political mill pond,
and it drowned more little politicians
than anybody else.
The organization could do much,
but it will take work and sacrifice.
Tho trouble, he saw, was the immense
difficulty of getting all cotton growers
interested. Thore were tens of thous
ands of negro farmers who had to sell
ootton to pay their obligations. These
poorer farmers will have to market
their crops. The business is to have
the orop marketed steadily and not
glut the market.
Tho chief thing to do is to regulate
the marketing of the cotton. This
oan now be better done because the
farmers are out of debt. If the far
mer be in debt there is no good in the
There is now no reason why tho
ootton farmers should not be ont of
He said if the farmers will act to
gether they can proteot themselves.
He bad some money in the Alliance
Exchange fund, but he never expected
any of it back.
Ho wanted to see a big cotton ware
house built here, big enough to stock
half the orop of the oouoty. When
the ootton is ginned put the oottou in
the warehouse and get the receipts,
and if you need money borrow on the
reoeipts. If the weak brothers need
help let the stronger brothers help
them along. Such work will show
Wall street that it cannot control the
ootton market. ?
You have tho situation io hand if
you will only act on it. Tillman said
he had only one thine to say and
then he would quit, and that was for
the strong; and weak farmers to stand
together and to realize that the mer
chants and bankers were their broth
ers. It did not take all the farmers
to make a t?uccoss of any undertak
Then Senator Latimer took another
"spell," and explained how to build
warehouses. Ha wanted good busi
ness men to run the warehouses and
he did not believe in putting money
into warehouses without good man
agement. A good bonded warehouse
will pay whether this organization
failed or not. Ho wanted it under
stood that he would not advocate any
thing except a safe business proposi
Senator Tillman: I ain't a politician,
so help me God.
Senator Latimer said any man in
office was olassed as a politician.
Senator Tillman said that was so,
but he was no politician.
Mr. Latimer said if he was willing
to put ilia shoulder to thc wheel, help
this organization, ho would bc regard
ed as a politician by some. Ho want
ed more cotton mills in the South,
Mr. J. ?. Stribling was presented
by Senator Tillman, and he joked a
bit. He urged that one-fourth of the
cotton could be held, tho farmers
could absolutely fix the price of that
one-fourth. Ho said the foreign
spinners bought old cotton at 10 cents
rather than buy new ootton at 12; he
thought the English spinners had
shown sense in buying cotton at 10
cents; they are going to keep out the
market at the first of the season. The
only thing todo is to build warehouses
and hold ootton.
Coogressman ?. Frank Lever spoke
on "Organization." He said the far
mers' organizations had all failed be
cause of the suspicion of one farmer
against another. He said tho whole
trouble was that one farmer was afraid
his neighbor was going to make a dol
lar, and he not get the same. Anoth
er trouble was that as soo'j as thc
army was lined up and the army was
ready tc move the politicians took
charge. The ouly way to succeed is
to run ibis organization as a business
He told the people to buck on poli
tics, and say that they will follow
in business malters, but not in poli
This organization can live notwith
standing the traitors. It is an uphill
job to organize successfully. He
wanted the farmers to know what
strength they were up against. He
thought Secretary Wilson was an boa
eat man, and he wanted to see Wilson
retained, and insisted that Wilson
was a friend of the South, and it waa
a great injustice to Wilson to think
he was not interested in the South.
Wilson was an honest man. The only
I remedy was to put the grafters in the
penitentiary. He was in this move- ;
meot as a private.
At the after dinner session Mr. W.
H. Hyatt spoke on standard ware
houses. He iosisted on tho economy
of warehouses and urged that ware
houses could be built on a basis of
$2.50 per bale, with snrinklern. Tho
warehouses are thc army and navy of
the farmer. Ho takes tho position
that the Southern farmers are now
moro independent of Northern mono}
markets. Ho ridiculed the idea of
competition with Southern cotton and
said that the South has the world's ,
cotton patch. Ho said the Farmers'
Union and tho Cotton Growers' Asso
ciation all worked on the same line,
there need be no friction.
Mr. Hyatt expected to seo cotton
kent np to ten cents.
President Gleuo said ho would ure
sent President E. D. Smith, who
would oloso the Farmers' Union meet
ing. He made it plain that after the
speech of Mr. Smith, the Farmers'
Union would close, and that any other
speakers would be under other aus
pices. Mr. Smith, chook full of
fervor, said he had been unavoidably
kept away from the meeting, and as
the farmers' meeting had gono over
its time he could not talk ou a limited
He was full of his subject and said
he had a lot to Bay, but he thought it
best to give way to Senator Tillman
and the other speakers.
Senator Tillman jumped up aud said
.he would give way to Mr. E. D. Smith,
he would speak later in the evening;
the good farmers could go homo by
moonlight, if necessary. The crowd
oheered for Mr. Smith and insisted
that he go on speaking.
Senator Tillman said he and Mr.
Talbert would give way. The crowd
insisted on Mr. Smith's going ahead,
and he finally did so.
Mr. Smith said he did not believe
there was a man more loyal to the
farmers than Ben Tillman. Then
Tillman said he had been putting in
good work in his absence and had been
called a "lousy calf." Mr. Smith
said Tillman was a full grown bull.
Mr. Smith theo went on to say that
the farmer has always stuok to that
which was any good to him. There
was nothing for the farmers to stick
to in the old Alliance, for it was all
talk and but little results.
He explained the Genesis of the
present government. Mr. Smith went
on to say that single-handed he jumped
into the local cotton market at Mag
nolia and secured better prices, and
how that gave him the idea of what
could be done by organization. He
said that he was the only man ap
pointed at New Orleans to stick to the
ught, and that Jordan w*?s about to
give up the fight when he insisted on
keeping at tho fighting- He was
laughed at when he said they could
fight with more than a fourteen-mil
lion bale crop.
He showed how he interested the
cautious banker and helped to bring
about too oent ootton.
Tho farmers have no cnouiy. He
wanted that understood. Ile is taken
advantage of because heisa soft snap.
The law of combinations and trusts
is God's law, he held, and canuot be
helped, ?\nd he had nothing against
If the ootton growers have a trust,
then let tho other fellows make the
most of it.
Mr. Smith made a really beautifully
eloquent peroration on tho iroportanoo
of tho farmers standing together and
petting tho real value of their cotton.
Ho said ho had no favors to ask of
the ootton mill men. They have to
como in and join tho army, ho is now
io. Cotton milln in tho South must
stand by tho Southern farmer.
He said that tho Southern mill mon
have been holding meotings at Char
lotte to t'oroo the price of cotton down.
A lot of people have said tho weather
did the work, but for forty years there
has been rain and this yoar thoy have
10 coat cotton with over a fourteen
million bale crop. Conditions, he
said, wero no different from the usual
conditions, and except, that tho far
mers' organized and hold their ootton
with tho aid of the merchants and
bankers. Ila held that tho organi
zation held tho situation and ho said
the Association now wanted I2J oents
Voice: Latimer said *e couldn't get
Smith: Yes, but where was Latimer
when I got OVT ten.
Mr. Smith weut on to ask where
were some leaders and men when the
assooiation was lighting for very life.
Some o? these men sold for 7 and 8
cents, and they thought they would
have the laugh on him and hid
Mr. Smith said he almost alono
made the tight for the cotton plan
ters. He punched the fellows who
would Bell in spite of the appeals.
Several in the crowd poked fun at
Mr. Belton Watson for selling his oot
ton at S oonts, and thought they could
count on him next time.
Mr. Smith went on to say that not
all men caa be leaders, and that he
had no idoa of running for Governor
or United States Senator.
He said he had already done the
farmers moro good than all the Q-ov
ernors and Senators; that was pleas
ure enough for him. Ho was asking
for nothing, and would have rather
had a hand in raising the price of oot
ton than pass a few laws. The fight
is not yet ended. Ile was not afraid
of high prioed cotton jeopardizing the
mill interests. They had no caro for
the farmer when he had to sell four
Mr. Sherman, secretary of the Na
tional Assooiation, arrived on the
scene very late, but he could not be
heard, as he had lost his position, and
then the meeting of the Farmers'
Union was turned o vor Lg the liquor
discussion, which is given elsewhere.
_ August Kehn.
Mountain Creek News.
Groot! rains havo fallon throughout
our neighborhood which wo wero in
need of, .'or cotton, corn and other
crops are cut off tu a large extent
eomo think about one-half. .
Som? of our people attended the
Farmers' Barbecue at the race track?
and say it wan the graudest mess they
ever saw, and if they conduot their
meetings in that manner they don't
want to belong to it.
Some of our people attended tho
picnic at Starr and report a nice time.
We are pleased to seo Hon. ?. M.
Ruoker come to the front and an
nounce himself as a candidate for tho
HOUBO of Representatives, and hope ho
will be elected, for wo could not send
a better mun, and one that will do
any more for tho welfare of the mass
Mrs. A. S. Masters and little daugh
ter, Kvalind, wont on tho Smith excur
sion to Atlanta.
Miss Lucy Carter, of Hopewell, has
boen visiting friends in our commu
Mr. Patrick Major, one of Denver's
young men, spent Sunday with friends
and worshipped nt Mountain Creek.
Miss Ley Webb and Miss Julm
White, two charming young ladies ot
Hopewell, are visiting friends and
relatives in thin community.
Mr. Clifton Burriss and charming
brido are visiting relatives here.
Mr. John Burriss is at homo for a
Mr. E. O. Burriss, of Anderson, spent
Sunday with his parents.
Tho protracted meeting began at
this place Sunday. Itev. Hawkins
will be assisted by tho Rev. Mr. Bur
riss, of Piedmont. Mr. Barries is a
good man and a splendid preacher?
and we hope that wo may have aa
abundant outpouring of the Holy
Spirit, and that a lot of good may ba
dono for the causo of Joans.
Only a few moro days until tho elec
tion which shall deoide the fate of
the dispenanry. Which will you have,
friend! Remember it ia in your pow
er either to voto it out and duane3
. your town and county of the greatest
enemy of our land, or will you let it
stand and continue to wreck the
homes of our land, and send the yoong
men and boys into disgrace and raia.
Union County has now como out for
prohibition, and it seems to me what
other counties have done Anderson
might do. It is going to be an out and
out battle between drunkenness and
sobriety, and it seems to me now is tho
time for preachers and church mem
bers to take hold, for this is au enemy
of every Christian, of every home?
every pefson and of God.
Tho drinking habit is ono of the
I most overpowering agency of the
devil, and if something is not done to
arrest the evil, it will wreok and ruin
oar humen and our government. There
aro many who say if we vote out the
dispensary we will vote in the bar
rooms, but don't you think if we caa
get the dispensary out we caa keep
the barrooms ontf And now let me
beg every father and every voting
man in this county to take aides before
it is too late, take sides before your
sons are sacrificed to that demon
drink, take sides before your homos
are ruined, take aidoa while your voice.
?our pen, your prayer, your vote may
ave an influence in arresting the
despoliation of oar county ana ' our
HIGH FALLS PEGPERTY, on Little Bi ver, in Oconee County, io about ten miles from Walhalla, S. C., and ten miles from Seneca, and only a few miles up the river from Newry. This property contains 1,331
acres of Land, and has a natural Waterfall of 29 feet 5 inches, with available E. P. 274. 615 H. P. can be secured by developing a double discharge.
TIMBER ?ND GRANITE !-Sf oat of this Land is heavily timbered, and the demand for timber is increasing every day. The Land, with the timber off, will produce fine Cotton, as the part under cultivation
indicates, there is an abundance of Granite and sand for building pm poses on the Water-power Tract. 1,100 acres of this property will be sold in Tracts of 100 acres each, to the highest bidder, at
"W"-??-XjEC^-IJXj-A., S. CL, COST J?LOliTJDJLir, SIEIFTIEJIiyniBIEJBL 4, 1905.
TEEMS-One-thiri Cash, balance in one and two yeats, with 8 per cent, interest per annum, secured by First Mortgage, or all casb, at option of purchaser.
THE WATER POWER, with 231 acres, will be sold to the highest bidder, on the same date, at WALHALLA.
mak/?^lt?mK?^im?m JW. ALEXANDER, Spartanburg,[|S. Cn