Newspaper Page Text
Foreshadow Them n
Frederick J. Hawkin,
China is the marvel of the ages. It
iu the aoceBtor nation of thc world.
Tho wieo men of 4U centuries havo
vainly racked their minde to find the
secret of its longevity. Other natione
rise and fall, which ia thc way of na
ture, but infcorutable, mysterious
China lives on. Hoary with ego and
totten with deoay, thia ancient, de
crepit kingdom refuses to draw new
blood from the younger powers, or
to die of its own inertia. It seems to
possess the secret of eternal life. Its
death and disintegration have boen
phophosied a hundred times, and yot
the feeble, tottering "old mau of tho
cast" staggers on in defiance of all
precedent. What are tho qualities of
these people who have held tegethcr
and preserved their nationality while
the frost of time has withered all other
raoes? Let us first look at their geed
The Chinese are undoubtedly the
moBt economical peoplo who have ever
inhabited tho earth. Year in year
nnd year out-millions of them sustain
lifo at an expenditure noe exoeeding 2
cents per day per capita. HOT? long
would the American hold out if he
had to subsist on 60 cents per mouth?
The Chinese allow nothing to go to
waste. They gather leaves and straws
and splinters for fuel. The smallest
bits of doth are utilized as long as
they will bold together. The leaveo
of old aooount books are used to paste
on windows in lieu of glass, or are
* made into lanterns.
Tho manner in which the Chinese
have put to use the tins in whioh tho
Standard Oil Company delivers its
kerosene is a marked example of their
economy. These tins have a regular
market value, not even a scrap of them
being allowed to go to waste. They
are made into water buckets, lunoh
boxes, dust pans, and a score of other
household uten bi Is. The Chinese la
borer does not oil his wheelbarrow,
because of the cost of the row drops of
oil necessary to lubricate it. He
wonld rather listen to its dismal
squeak than to apare a penny from his
pocket In transporting oereala or
coal the coolies who handle these
commodities are held to strict ac
count for every single grain and atom
The Chinese housewife moot pre
pare the meal for her family in, thu
briefest possiblo time, on account of
the light and combustible character of
feul she uses. She generally oooks
everything at once in one boiler, the
. bottom of whioh is exceedingly thin,
so the blase made from leaves sud
stalks of grain can take quick effect.
fhe Chinese idea of oil o wi og nothing
"togoi0 waste j? carried SQ far tost
all snob animals as hones, donkeys,
V eaaols, eats, dogs and rats are used
for food. Little attention is given to
the cause of death, (they ira h?Oepl
above picture of the
mon and fish is the trad**
mark o? Scott's Emulsion,
v ;v and is tho synonym ^oV
strength and purity. It is solid
Sn almost all the civilized coun
tries o? the globe.
If the cod fish became extinct
it would be a world-wide ca?amv
ity, Ib?cmise the oil that comes
Jromv its'liver eni^ all other
fats in nourishing and life-giving
; properties., thirty Vears ago
. t^propneto Emul
?iOTi forrad -?6? preparing
cod liver b? sO that everyone can
: take it and get the foll value of
. : . the oil without the objectionable
taste; * Scott's Emulsion is tn?.
people, ?nd 4?|S: ^6n#t?pn$ of
wftating and lost Btrength.
I ' . .' ;>'&?fl<f 'faitW. t?ffi* ?
LS a "World's Coming
in thc Sunny .South.
cd as a welcomo addition to the food
supply, no matter whether their de
mise was occasioned by accident, old
agc or disease. Tho idea of economy
aotuates every thought of Chineso
life. One foreign resident relates
that he once met a very old woman
hobbling painfully along tho highway.
She was sick unto death and stated
th At ehe was making her way to tho
home of a relative who lived near the
family burying ground, in order to
save tho cost-of a fu?era1 proces
Tho economy of thc Chinese is
matched only by their industry. The
merohant keeps account of the num
ber or matches in all the boxes in his
stock. Every night he oarefully sorts
the cash he has taken dnring the day,
hoping to realize a profit from a obanoe
rare coin. If tho dealer in fish finds
that some of his stook is about to
spoil on bis bands, he ruts it on the
roof to dry, and latee offers it to his
onstomers as dried fish. In stores
and factories the proprietor often
economices on his light bill by making
one lamp illuminate two rooms, which
is accomplished by plaoing it in a
hole in the dividing wall. Successful
business msn never retire in China,
but continue their wqrk as loog as
they have the strength to look after
The Chinese farmer applies himself
to his calling with an energy that is
astonishing. He goes over his little
crop picking off every insect end nurs
ing eaoh individual stalk. It is hard
to understand how human endurando
cen be equal to the long hours he de
votes to work. Daylight fiodB him at
his task and he works well into the
night. Travelers along country roads
encounter rural residents at all hours
of tho night sesrohing for manure.
The vendor of vegetables will be found
arranging his wares in the market
when the sun comes up. although his
truok garden may be miles away, mak
ing it necessary for him io gather his
vegetebles and leave home in the mid
dle of the night. Chinese women are
seldom without work ddring their wak
ing hours. One may see them stand
ing about the villages talking with
eaoh other, but they invariably have
some kind of work in their hands, and j
their fingers keep paos with their busy
The industry of the Chinese is also
shown by the exactions whichv they
pat upen their offioiils. One writer,
in Speaking of the habits of a forms?
. "Tho emperor was supposed to rise?
for hil day at 2 o'clock is the morn
ing, and, titer the rites and coro
xnoaicBj to hold councils and audi
ences, receive motoorinls-and reporto,
; and work busily until ritt* sunrise.
Be turc ed te relekatiou when pl?bian
daylight came, and went wearily to
bed about 5 o'clock in the af tor roon,
I Audiences werejet for the grisly hoar
just before dawn, and the Assembled
I ministers uBuelly welted sleepily upon
; the imperial pleasure. &?en the for?
I eign envoys were bidden to their audi
; ance in the ignoble Pavilion of Purple
Light at 6 o'clock in thomorniog, as
to a Frsnoh military court mortui."
: An eminent Chinese statesmaa, who
was complaining of fatigue, iras asked
by an interpreter of one of the foreign
legations in Pekin what constituted
j his daily work. Ho replied that he
j left home every morning at 2 o'clock
! as he was on doty at tho palace from
j 8 to 6. As a member of the privy
council, he was engaged in that body
from 6 until 9. From 9io ll he was
at tho war department of which ho
was president. Being a member of
the board of punishment, ht wa? io
attendance at the office of thai depart
ment daily from 12 until 2. Ho was
also one of the' senior ministers of tho
foreign office and ho had J to be there
every afternoon from 2 until 5 or 6
o'olook. Theos , wsra. the, : regular
daily duties. In addition to thom, be
wat frequently appointed to servo on
special boards or commissions, and
these hq sandwiched in between the
others BB he could.. He'seldom reach
ed home before 7 o'clook qr 8 o'olook
Almost every official of tho Chinese
government. is overworked. Wheo
the boycott against tho American goods
was d?cl??ife4^r^ur eonsul general at
Ci?to>" -^aj? ^tski^&.fse, ifc? ??flnfay
for ten days on account of the latter
baing ijl. The old maavhad become
exhausted s'fr?s? his ;ar^aqu>Md?tles,
hu* the central govejr?t?oot would oot
a Ho w him to take r. moth p?^^m?
m?iisd to pestpon? seme of his mrfc*
and rest, hut waa told that he must
not leave his post. The first iotecV
comparto* with the hard-worked offi
cials of China.
One of the chief virtues of Chinese
character is perneveranoe. It goes
without saying that in an old land like
this, jere thc population exceeds 500
to the Bqnnro uii'e, a living ia hard to
get. <?reat lar-;r must be performed
for little pay, but thc people work
faithfully and without complaint for
their meager rewards. Your servant
comes aud goes from early until late.
No matter how many extra duties you
may impose upon bim, he evinces no
surprise and makcB no vcmonutrnnoe.
J No race has ever bad tho staying
i qualities of the Chinese. When Gen.
I eral Grant returned from his trip
I around th? globe, some one inquired of
him what was tho most remarkable
thing he had seen in his travels. He
replied that it was the spectacle of a
small Cbineso dealer wearing down the
keen competition of a Jew.
The whole Chinese people have this
pacing quality of perseverance. The
diplomat exhausts the nervous for
eigner by but cool, calm resistance,
provided there is anything like an
equal distribution of the cards in the
game, and the beggar hangs persistent
ly about the door of the merchant
until he is given the oopper he aska
for. A former emperor sent an army
to quell an uprising in an outlying
oolooy, and his troops became discour
aged because was no forego io thc
country ?or them to live upon. H<
ordored them to plant crops and rais<
their own food, advancing in the
meanwhile, and although it took thii
agricultural army years to reach itt
destination, it eventually overhaulet
the rebels and subdued them.
Doubtless the most striking proof o
the Chinese trait of perseverance ii
the persistence of the candidates fo
literary honors* The murd applicant
will appear at the competitive exami
nations year after year to write thei
essays and compete for honors. Th
Governor of one provinoC reporta ths
at the last trial he had thirteen oan
didateS over eighty years of age. Thi
is remarkable when it is considere
that the contestants are kept in brio
cells in solitary confinement for DOV
????al days and nights. Numerous ic
stances are cited where grandfathei
son g?nd grandson participated in th
same examinations for the same d<
gree, as well as instanoss where me
over eighty years of age have "eal.
won the long-coveted honor. -2'h
Chinese have great veneration for th
Boholar. The highest reverence i
felt for those who have loaming, hone
this extraordinary striving after th
degrees of knowledge. The old bool
tell about.ono immortal student wo
pored ove- hie lessons by the light <
a glow wem, and of another who tie
his books to the horns of his oxe
and studied as he walked beside th?i
av work, in the field.
All students of Chinese life elabe
at* apon the cheerfulness and conto:
of these .people who straggle %ud<
auoh.a/grinding burden cir povert;
They neem lo bear op tinder the pre
eure of all their lils by- accepting tl
spirit of the old adage,. .''What eta
be cured must ba endured." TI
moah anio working in his little/she
until after midnight,, often Jo ti
dark to eave a cent's worth of. ol
sing? at be labors. Th? coolie
straining at fasts whteh weald brei
the will of mon uot m ado o? i rou, ch
and Joke with otoh other as they pau
to wipe tho sweat out of their ey
and straighten their cramped backs.
? One/traveller who ascended tho u
por YangtsBC hired five bey a to pt
his boat^agalnst the current of -st!
stream. In describing Matrip ho i
ferred to thoir pluck as follows:
"Our traokera cluag on their han
and fe OL to the lagged rocks, as th
pulled the boai up inch- by inch,
could not fail to note tho cheerful O?
of these poor coolies who earned h
$2 for two months* bard work. Tut
only food consisted of coarse rl<
flavored with a little fried canna]
upon whioh they were called to j
forth their strength from davn
dark, They were always wiling
do thair utmost, and, never lost tb
temper," / I
; In searching for an explanation,
the enduring powert of the Chi m
empire, the foremost reasons ?
doubtless the pbvsioai vitality and t
invnl.nerablo individuat?ty of the p
p?e, Chi??' extVnds'.pver
area of latitude and longitude that
includes Within its boundaries aim
? ver> : ? variety of? cHmaie^;^a/tf\
Celestia) thrives in either the Son
ern or Northern extremes, as'well
the temperate region ?/betWe?n;'/'
there is any place in China wb
there ia np population it'i^Simpj^,
cause human beings oannotltv^^
While that oerilon of tho Chin
people who emigrate/ It^^'flui?^
?triotly tn ona/ft* 0? the 8ow*ih'
i pvovinec?, there seems to'^e ne^j
of the . world olin
Uv*l%.r .. / .
I bChinee* wli??
I India, Burmah, Slam, Easfe
?4iss; P/Mi?e Island?. Austraij^Kjl
eVjV* W ?
Ameri?ttt and in ail ot these conn ti
fcbey'ncVe? fail to withstand thi. <
ma tu'p^^ ' In fao t, tl
?ojy, that tbe natives o? any country
in which they settle cannot competo
with them. And they are not io the
loast affected by any civilisation
with w?ioh they come in oontaot.
The coolie is like the Missouri
mulo. Our long-caved friend may go
to tho Transvaal, to Cuba, or to the
Philippines, to help settle some dis
puto at arma or to assist in some
commercial enterprise, but no matter
where ho goes or what befalls Lisi, he
ia always a mule.
The Chinese haog to their traditions
so stubbornly, and oppose all compe
tition so successfully, that from every
land to which they have gone oomes
tho ory "Tho Chinese must go."
Thereforo, it is fortunato that as a
nation they do not eue to emigrate.
If all the Chinese were as anxious to
! go abroad &8 those ia the vicinity of
Canton, thero would indeed, be reap
oo to gravely consider what the alarm
ists have Btylod the "Yellow Peril."
- imt - -
Age at Which to Maray a Problem.
No moro useless disoueaion ever
took place than that whioh undertakes
to deoido the age to marry.
As well try to decide the proper tge
We ure all io various stages of evo
By evolution I do not mean ascend
ing from the ape.
i mean we are making the effort at
self-completion, whioh is the purpose
of all life on earth, and some of aa
are very old soulsend some of us arc
still very crude aad unformed beings;
some cf na are born wise, with clear
eeelog vision, because we finished om
follies (ortho worst of them) in othei
lives, and Borne of us are just begin
ning to experiment in folly here.
So it is useless to set an age whee
eaoh one of us should do certain
things, beoausi ' no two of us are ir
the same mental or physical or spirit
ual state at the same time.
There are girls who at ois tee t
have developed the womanly and ma
ternal instincts which make them
sensible and happy wiveB until thej
are sensible and . hippy grand mo th
ers. ,'."?;.< '
There are others who need to wai
until they are 35 or 40 before the:
will be prepared to settle into con
tented matrons and drop the frivoU
ties of earth,
There are men who are bound t<
be devoted husbands and fathers ant
who find no hupp? ness in a&y otha
They are safe, to marry at 20, on
once married means 'always mirrie*
for them. !
. Other men-the majority, perhep
-are safer to wait Until the follie
and adventures of fifo ossie to sean
attractive and netti home has mor
allurements than the world's maa!
Thora are old matrons of 20, and ol
ooiiuota of 40, and old mon of 20, sm
old fops ol 60.
The j old fop and the old flirt o ugh
never to haye married, for j they hav
cot developed the qualities ne?c?iar,
$o insure happiness. ,
Nor have they attained to the dig
may and unselSahVeas d?maad?a b
the high nailing of parentage.
?s?? Fewr; American women^e>e;; lull
prepared to be mothers before the
are 26. fcoung girls may prodmse jrt
i^nat children, but Ibo mental ?alle?
ot children horn of ^re matui
?mothers is greater.
Men and womel! heed to learn ho
tb care for the body, the min
and the spirit, and how to bring ?
three into . harmony before they cs
develop the race to the p?rfectic
pos?ib??.^?Ha; ^heeler ; Wilcox/ i
8*. Lonis KepsbHc.
.'Hybmei Goats You Nothing If
?; FallsjV Say Evans Pharmacy.
.v/^mopg;-: tho -many. imeolcin'iBs^pt
tho mar kevthat claim to cure catari
nobe but Hyomei has enough faith j
Us own merit to offer io ref und tl
money if it does not cure. ;
treatment that senas by direct in h.
ation to the most remote parts of tl
air passages, ? balsamic air that d
breathing . organs, enriches ?md ' pui
:e^^fnata?n. ? ' 1 ? P?
The complete.: o^tflt costs tl.?
B a nd cero pr is? s an i n h aler, a bottle
: Hyomei and * dropper. Tho iofca?
will last 4 lifetime;/ and addition
bottles of Hyomei'etn be obtened f
?Ocents. I -C
Breathe Hyomoi for a few minut
four times a day, nod youri ea^r;
^ttcr- from the.?rst,.da?
and wij?i; vh? eomr?ete?y ev*
>h?re you can ?et your' m?hey ba*
from a local dealer, Evins "?'hermas
\? case it does no^ hfeip. : ' ' '
THE FIREMEN'S BILL
IO BE INTRODUCED AT NEXT
8E83ION OF LEGISLATURE.
fO AID THE VOLUNTEER FIREMEN
The Object ls to Levy a Tax on Fir?
Insurance Companies to Provide a
Relief Fund for the Firemen-lt?
Terms In Full. .
The following bli! will bo Introduc.
ed at tho noxt session of the legisla
ture and wlil be urged by the volun
teer firemen of the p'.ate:
An act requiring the payment of
certain premiums to the Pire depart
ment, of Incorporated cities and towns
by Fire Insurance companies doing
business in the state, for the purpose
of creating a fund for the benefit Of
the members of the Fire department
of such cities and towns, and provld
: ing for tho collection ans d??tribu
! tion o? same. i
Bo it enacted by the legislature of
the tsate of South Carolina: ' .
Coe. 1.-Every Fin, insurance com
pany, corporation or association do
ing business in any incorporated city
or town of this state, having or that
hereafter may have a regularly organ
ized' Fire department under the con
trol of the mayor and council or In
tendent and council, of said city or
town, and having in serviceable con
dition for fire r*?rty fire apparatus and
necessary equipments belonging here
to the value of ($1,000* rne thou
sand dollars, and upwarvte, ' shall re
turn to the comptroller goneval a
just and true account verified; by oath
that the same ls a true account of
all prerrlums received from Fire In
surance business done in suoh incor
porated cities or towns during the
year ending December Slat or such
portion thereof aa they may have
transacted such business in such
cities and towns. Such returns must
be made by said companies, eorporat
ed of association within GO days af- !
ter the 31st, day of December of each i
Sec. 2.-Every Fire Insurance com
pany aforesaid' shall, within 60 days
after the 31st day of December of
each year deliver and pay to the state
treasury the sum of 92.00 upon the
91,000, and at that rate upon the
amount of all premiums written on
fire, and lightning within the limits
of such Incorporated cities or towna
during the year ending Dec. 31sL In
each year, or for aitch portion of
stich period as said company, corpor
ation or association, shall have done
business in said cities Or towns.
Sec. 3.-Every such company, cor
poration or association shall keep ac
curate books of account of all-busi
ness done by them on fire and'Tightn
Also Hada Pet.
When tho thiu woman. in the long
gray ulster eat down in the subway
esr opposite tbe fat woman holding a
brigb*- little Scotch terrier it could be
seen .st once thr.t they had points of
common interest and that those points
of common interest consisted of dogs,
says the New York Press.
.'What a dear little fe?lew he ia/'
chirped the thia woman.
.'Isn't bo do?r?" cooed the fat wo
man, snuggling her po* so closely that,
ho bad to enifl for breath.
' "Mino is a Frenoh poodle," ven
tured the thin woman. "? hoar those
gray terriers ?re coping into style,
"Yes, they're all the rage," said
too l?t Wuuiau. i aaa io gtvo upux*jr
! ? handsome young woman who oc
cupied the seat by the thin woman
was an interested listener to the collo
quy. She wes good-looking enough to
attract attention anywhere, and she
looked as if she loved everything
that waa worth loving in thia world,
Ino?uding dogs. She leaned over anc
gave Eaudy'o hoad an affeotiouat;
pat,'and 8andy tried to Hok her glovei
"You love dogs, too?" said the fs
"Oh, yes," was the reply. "Wh
oonld help it?" .
"Waat Wadis yours?" came .th
"Miae?" Oh, I haven't any. lha*
And the fat woman and the tbl
woman raiisd their brows, turned v
their noses and grew coldly eilen
J ?st aa if some one had said some th ii
io shook their sense of modesty,
- "' 'il V '-ii' -.-;- \
- The trial trip of the gasolii
ra ot oi- car baili for use on branches '
the Union Pepillo Railroad, Was i
eently made, and the car was pr
u ou no cd a DUO o ODO. The ruh w
made from Omaha to Valley, Nei
and return, a speed of fifty miles i
hour hoing maintained and a ma:
mma speed of 63.8 miles being i
tainod at one point.
T~ Sister Wallace Wynn, wesri
a hit that had been io a band-box di
ing the week, oooupied ? pew in t
center of Wesleyan Avenue church
Mariya, Ohio, last Sunday. Shoe
not know that a mouse had made ;,'
nest bstwscs thc lining and the er?1
of * tbe hit. Scientists have lo
known tho aversion of 'mice to naas
This particular mouse submitted
the opening anthem and was un*
mooBtrative daring the offertory ni
the organist pulled out. the"di?pi
atop. ^As the rambling bass no
filled the church tho mouse o quo al
and scampered and tore at her hs
The braids came down, the mot
dropped to tho floor and Mrs.. Wj
pe ws caught sight of the bouse, ft
nen throughout the congrega*
af eased to know i n tai tivoiy what '
ilie: matter and several became bye
isal. The Rev. 0, E. Bowley re s tc
order with gmt difficulty. and |
seeded with the sermon.
A Fatee Atara.
M?as Ruby Houston, a 'yov?g wir*
man who ?ivf; with har widowed
mother in the suburbs of Macon, re
cently received it? alligator OB a gift
from a friend in Florida, says the
Kansas City Star. It esme ic (a long,
stout box, oovercd with a double wire
screen. The 'gator'B age was as in"
defini te as that of the school ma* am,
sod it W9s fully as active. It had a
way of . reaohing out for things and
bringing its jaws together like &
steel rat trap with an ambitious
They called the reptile Tuscarora
beoause it was unfamiliar. Every
body became acquainted with Tus
carora's reputation by "Wednesday and
walked along the other side of the
street. ? sert of bathpo?l and swamp
reservation wss msd$ for Tuscarora,
hard by the henhouse..
A strong wire fence, strongly W9ven>
staked off his happy hunting grounds.
Miss Ruby was delighted with her pee
and admired it from tho roof of thc
benhonse, which was reached by a lad
der. Twp young gentlemen, called
here Tom and Joe, visited. Miss Buby
one ?ight and were enjoying the glory
Of the nigh! from (be broad veranda.
An Italian street orohoB tra a bio els
[away wafted'out on the laoguorom
June atmosphere the tremulous storj
of an Alpine muleteer and his love
Tom and ?Toe talked of. war and o:
heroin death, regretting that diatanei
prenti 1 their assisting in th
Oriental controversy then in prc
grass. V- , ].* .
"Daughter, TesesroV s ont and eal
lng ap the ebiokepsi''
Mrs. Houston stepped ont to mal
this announcement. She looked ans
ionsly at Tom irl Joe,. who locke
eaob at the other' fe pallid face/
"Lot's catch him," said Tom ri
"Of course, you have ?ota fishin
line, Mrs. Houston?" asked Joe.
^"Fishing lisie nothingr' said Top
Might as well sprinkle salt on i<
tail; Come and 1*11 ahow you bow.
j Mrs. Houston looked gratefully ?
tho y.osng men and advised thom tv
Jo get hurt. It was good and da:
at tb6 henhcu?e. At the corner tl
posse stopped to reconnoiter. ; Fro
the aide poroh ?Irs Houston and h
daughter. watched the military rn
Said Tom, in > tense whisper, "I
go round on this side and you go <
"x%e-s, and then what?" ;
"Then we'll go borne."
Tho toovoEiG?t woo oseouted aoooi
'injg to plani ;snd Mrs. ''Houstonh'?
Miss Ruby vsu^p?fed th? courage
Tom and Joe had;- lad them to a h<
morning that tho &*o>.?n8 bad giv
a faleo -alarm mk th?^Tu?car^va v?
quietly fer^w?ihg .around 5?s own p
serves.; Joe ancufoniiere still haati
Tosoarora, but ti Jong way oS.
'? III'I'IJ ? i i Miiwi^yii it'lyiiiiaw'ii ' II '1?;. .
- An ottnc?^pf the oil of g(
namer may s?w&aay a ion of nail.
????????? .:. '''^'rpr^Wi?
? ' ..' ?- . -~ ? ' -:-? . . ; ? j ? ? ? ?> . 11 ? ??" ? .- . ?? - - . -
ift CLINKSCALES& LANGSTON. ANDERSON, S. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 6. 1905. VOLUME XIJ---NO. 25.