Newspaper Page Text
Mr. Shont's New Titi
Washington, November 9.-Theo
dore P. Shouts, the chairman of t*ie
Isthmian Canal eoromission, was the
principal speakor at a joint meeting
of tho American Hardware ftlanufao
turbo' Assoolation and the National
Hardware Association at the New
Willard Hotel tonight. There waa a
largo attendance o? members ot both
associations, by whom Mr. Shoots was
given a hearty reception aa he entered
the ball. . Hi- Sbonts spoke as fol*
lows: , *
Sevon?y por cent of Panama ia now
supplied with pure mountain water,
fed from a storage' large enough to
famish sixty gallons per day to each
inhabitant after its present population
shall have increased one-half. Fifty
per cent of a complete modern sewer
age system bes been installed, and
work on tho remainder ie being carried
rapidly forward. The first1 million of
brick for paving its streets are on th?
ground. The city has been fumiga
ted time, und again, first, hou*e by
house, to stop the spread of disease,
sod again ss a unit, that ie, tho entire
city at one tine. A large foroe is
just finishing s thorough cleaning of
the city-the first scrubbing it ha?
had during ita centuries of exiotenfle;
and Governor Magoon, under whose
jurisdiction all this work has been ac
complished, is arranging to rase nany
of the worst oh aa ko and replace them
with modern sanitary buildings.
Within a year it may confidently be
predioted. Panama will be a oity
well watered, well sewered,' well pav
ed, and olean and healthy. ". ' ' ,
What hs* been done for Panama ie
being done for Colon, and every im
portant labor camp fi ero os 'tho Isth
mus. Work on Colon's water reser
voir de well under way;. sod tempo
rary measures are being employed to
safeguard the city's health, pending
the report of a board appointed to re
commend1 plans . for permanent im
provomenta. An abundant supply of
pure water from fountain ' springe
has been provided st Culebra and at
other importent ' labor Centres along
the line of the e&uai, and adequate
drainage is hoing installed io them
sis?. . ,,, ... .:'
Four thousand, one hundred men
aie now employed in these sanitary
undertakings. So effective hao been
ibo work that yellow ?eve? Oh^ ^be??
virtually extirpated fromthe Iatbmufl.
In Jeno last, there weis 62' cases of
yellow fever there; in JulyV 42; ip
August, 27; sc Septembor G, and sn
October, the worst month of the yeer
for yellow fever, 8-nb, one of ihe.:
lattor among the employees and ali
orifiinatiDg many miles from the line
of tho canal. In rtejjsrd; to genet*1,
health i?Onditione, I was told, when
on the Isthmus in October, that th ero
were over jo^ hundred Jess patients in
Abcon Hospital than these had been
for many months although* we hsd
brought in 4,000 additional leborers
during tho previous two months, end
it wa^ fr o>i the lie w arrivals that tho
hoepiul? were usually reendted,.. :"
$o?a?ly undei?tand what has besa
aooomplished ;by o.^
is only necessary to comparo the pres
ent roto of siokn' ss with that willoh
prevailed on the' lath
French; wew *** ^?eessi?u^ In Aur
9Q0^rsej?i:^?;a?stfcv rs^ wa* -??Sf^^
, *>V 1905, wi^#
deaths ^or:v?*o^^ei^?f : *^?n;#e?:
si eyst?iawhich'includes * l?if? hos
pital se ?olon sad another *fcAn|<fo?
and s^umheif of emstler hospitals st !
convenient po(ots.:;.sio)ig. ' ?the line.1
M*WM&. ot the lariat ?ot??t???
???fS??ffiiu* world, situated on the
hill above Panania and commanding
hospitals, has orgabixeu a. st.a? of
be digoult to; fittdii ^ eu^rlor suy;
?here. . ; ,
8?eb>?\ In regard to pwridi'sg
high and ?ontstning .fro^a 55 io GO'J ?
e for tlie Ditch. .A.cross
lion 2,400 men are employed and ad
ditional carpenters are being seat oat
with every steamer. This work is la
ing pressed forward with the atmoot
Third. In regari to food supplies.
We were brought face to faoe with
the problem of feeding twelve thous
and men, with base of supplies 2,000
Wo immediately arranged to opea
local commissary stores at every im
ports .t labor oamp, to provide mess
houses and to furnish food both cook
ed and uncooked, to all employoes at
coBt. We oabled orders to have our
steamers equipped with refrigerating
plants; we arranged for the ereotiou
of a temporary oold storage plant at
Colon; and we purchased refrigerator
oars for immediate shipment to tho
Isthmus, thus establishing a line of
refrigeration from tho markets of the
United States to tho. oommiaoary sta
tions of the Isthmus. We also pur
chased from individual lessees the
oquipment in existing hotels and as
sumed their management ourselves.
The net result of these efforts is that
today wo aire affording to all employ
ees opportunity to obtain an abundant
supply of wholesome food, cooked and
uncooked, at reasonable prioes. Tho
oi 1 vor mea-by whioh I mesa the com
mon laborers-rare being fed for 30
cents per day, and the gold employ*
ces-by whioh I mean those of tho
higher class-at 90 Cents per day, and
it is good food in plaoe of bad.
. The only really valuable instrument
essential to canal building acquired
by our Government ia its purchase
from tho French was tho Panama
Railroad. But thia instrument, like,
all the others, whose wrecks oover the
Isthmus, had been neglected and its
equipment allowed to become obso
lete. . It was necessary, consequently,
to begin at once the oonstruotioa of
new wharves, equipped with modero
mechanical appliance** &nj& of lerge
terminal yards at both er.do of the.
road,, of extensive ' warehouses; of
suitable maehine shops, and of a mod
ern coal hoisting plant, whioh will re
duce the cost of handling coal from
ship to engines from <-$1.30 to -about
12 cents per' ton. . -'-'Vj
Wo have ?IBO purchased* new and
more powerful locomotives, Urger
iars for- bo tu passenger and-freight
services, and: heavy steel roils 'for re
laying the road, and have strengthen
ed the bridges to enable them to '0?mry
the heavier equipment. Wo haie re
Organised the personnel ??' ihe road,
nutting into the nigher positions ox*
poric-oc ed, ?ggreesi vo, ap-to-dato men,
"with the result that with the old
equipment and facilities they haye
cleared np during the issi thirty
doy ? an accumulation of over, 12,000
?O?M"-j ?ff ? oomnjeroial freight. ' (With
lae ; advent of our *. inoregsed - dook
facilities, terminal yards .now nearly'
complete, and* now power and equip
ment ucw arriving, tho road will ho io
Imposition to handle efficiently and
economically a, vastly larger volume
of business than heretofore.
^Fr7c1ie all this necessary work WSB
io progress, the task of purchasing,
forwarding and. die tributing tho enor.
plies of ?U kinds waa receiving our
constant and moat caroful attention.
Tho purchases included not only thc
$?m*^?^rjng^nto :^e; ?^manent
plant, but also those required for the,
; preliminary work. To give, yon *n,
idea' of ? ^ m^iitude :.bf! these rpnW'.
.'chases I will read ^r-yoi^'th^Haei- :
1*1 items: ?I steani sh?vele, 1,300
loading plovf?, 13 o&yth spreaders, 324
dum p cara, 12 hois ting eagir.?s, 120
iocom??vec, ?,000 tons of Btee! rails*.
||?i000 croBS tiOf; 12,000 pi Ws b f /
piling, 14 air comprafi-ing machines, 3
:^^.?^mO 'pound* blasting
>f?&t?iJt?jS>Q? Vpo?uds dyniiiniie,
^W^?:' paving . briek, %#(J,W
bnUdi-g. brtek;} ^,W
lp|^^k^.000 barrels cement,
; ' Tho approximate "total c?str.'bf ow',
?nrohii?^ was about ?9,000,000.
. In addition to thc purchases for t??e,
canal, the following have boon ordered
?or the iPsnam? ^'jcUltrOW^^W ;>ox
ttt^btfvet; ^wreek^g crabe*, i
?r?o^otive. ?: orace;( .'; i'; ;pjle^r?ver^;;?
ffl?Sg??f?V^?i|itfen ;:. t- iaodern co*? :
*$I? regard ;to..?ol? equipment pur
aider ifc^ In the
uso second-hand rolling stock of any
kind; all locomotives and oars had,
therefore, to bo built to order. Af
tor tho supplies reached the Isthmus
we had to contend not only with the
lack of terminal facilities and mechan
ical appliances already mentioned,
but also with an inadequate equip
ment with *hioh to distribute it to
its destination or the force to handle
it. These obstacles have boen largely
surmounted. The elin-.ination of yel
low i'over and the establishment of
better systems of housing and feeding
the employees have enabled us to re
cruit our working forces till those as
signed to the material and supply di
vision now number over twonty-oue
So far as actual excavation and
dredging are coe terned, wo have not
endeavored to r joomplish much. We
are now working, however, six steam
shovels in Culebra cut, which is the
largest single factor in the construc
tion of tho Canal, and have removod
approximately one million oabio
yards of material. By this work we
are aoeomplishing two things: First,
we are putting the l?vela of tho out in
proper condition for tho installation
of the largest number of machines
which oan be effectively operated, and
second, we ere gathering data which
will bo useful in future estimates of
the cost of canal construction. In
the Culebra work 2,600 men are now
employed. We are also building
railway traoks and yards, and are
dredging at both ends, of the Canal,
so far as advisable until the question
of type of canal is decided. It should
be understood that all the work we
have done is applioable to any type of
The question of labor is a grave
and perplexing one. We have ad
vanced far enough to know that wc
can secure a sufficient supply of laboi
from tho tropics, so far as nUmbert
are concerned; The question of qua!
ity is a very different matter. Unlesi
a much greater efficiency can bo de
veloped than is secured at present
we shall have to look elsewhere
Probably I oan beBt convey to you i
Just estimate of the quality of thi
labor by relating an inoident whiol
came under the observation of Sena
ter Millard during his visit on th
Isthmus: Sitting on the deck of th
steamer Havana, he was watching th'
unloading of a heavy piece of machio
e*y from the held of the vessel. Th
taokle got caught in the rigging on th
-deck abc ve, the foreman in oh&?ge c
the gang of laborers sent one of thei
above to free the taokle. The labore
wont to the place to which he wc
sent and did what he was told to d<
The foreman, paying no attention I
him af te- he started on his erram
mis Bod him a few-minutes later, cr
looking around for Mm, di ec o vori
him sitting peacefully at the spot t
whioh he had been sent. "What a
yon doing there ?" yelled th? fOrema
"Sou told me to come here, Sah.
<cWell, why didn't yon comebaekl
"Tom didn't tell me to, Sjah.'V
The eight hourdaw. fy is to th
class of labor- that we uro paying fra
80 to 90 centB per day . in gold, at
ont of whioh it is estimated we do o
get inore than 25 per cent, of the el
cienoy of labor i n t h o United Stab
/ This is the kind of labor to whi
we are compelled to apply the eig
hour law--that is, to aliens who kn*
nothing of the law's existence un
they arrive on the Isthmus. Sa
application will increase the lat
cost of canal construction at least
.per cent, and will add many, millie
unnecessarily to the total expon
tur?? ;;V'V;:- -My,-, j
0 That jo ; the story, gentlemen,
what we have bean doing on the Isl
musv! In Hoe r?th jthfo; let rae a
:ihat Chief Engineer Stevens is p
paring three complete setajif ph
applicable . to os many types jf can
so that when decision shall ?ave fae
roach od aa to what ty pe will bo SB?
itodelay in beginning work wii| ensi
:It is pur confident'.belief ?hot by t
pf \ July : next *ih?' plant ^asp
chafed will be installed andworki
to ita fulleet practical ?apaolty.
jj^|t?#0'^in earnest,'' ' '"/.'* :r ?
pitha Ca . vi will be heilt-rest .ass1
sd of that-and it will he built
Jr^amal ;.^^fii? .^t^^pSiS?s^w-'i
problem have passed irrevocably fr
the Seid of debate. There 'is an
dnatrioue and voluble band of hil
.Ananiaees moving to and fro ia j
Und, whoit? miriiott is to deny th
.ifc^vta^ song ia: "3
canal will never be built at Panan
and- overybt?y^oAn.Beot? tffc?
enterprise, including the Preside
acd/commissioners and enginoers,
^l^lnccdVoritj'';' .Yon-eein;'hear t
members of this band chaniing th
song, singly and in chorus, wheres
ai^V^he^rti??g.for.-.'th?ir.^ grand hu
of .ciao ^henCongress shall bs
and;'ctfeer Vorritten 'iS^ni?^^m^f\
iog forth by thousands from th
nuroaus nf publicity in this and ntl
oitiee? Aa ene eontemplaies the o
factory of Boutin, he i? moved to i
of ita guiding spirit, as Shakespeare
SSJB af Capt. Domain: "Ho will Ho
with euoh volubility, sir, that you
would think truth wore a fool.'
Who ia capitalizing this industry?
What is tho bountiful souroc of this
spouting spring of mendaoity? Is it
to bo found among tho frionds of au
Isthmian Cace!? Aro tbcso supply
ing funds for tho sustenance of ouch a
campaign cf misinformation? What
interests, except those foolishly
dreading the competition of an Isth
mian Canal, would put up money to
delay and possibly defeat, its construc
tion? That there are interests of
that kind is not a matter of suspic
ion or speculation, but of history.
They have been fighting a canal for
more than half a century and they
fought it successfully till Theodore
Roosevelt, srmed with his i(big
G ti ok," appeared aa its champion.
From that moment their efforts have
been powerless, but they have not
yet discovered the faot. They aro
wasting their energies and their cash,
for behind Theodore Roosevelt stand
tho American people ic solid mass
and with determined front, shouting
as ono man: "Give us a canal that
will.be adequate to meet tbe demands
of the commeroe of the world, and
give it to us at the earliest possible
moment." That, geotlemen, is the
oommand which the commission, un
der the inspiring lead of the Presi
dent, is obeying to tbe letter. We
are building the 1 'Roosevelt Canal."
Shamed Before the World.
That was s severe blow given the
South Carolins dispensary by the Su
premo Court of the United States on
.Monday. Tbe loo3 of the money tho
State must pay the general govern?
mont in lioenses was to be expected,
but before all the world the highest
judioial tribunal in the country, the
most impartial body of able men,
tears the covering away with whioh
the hypooritieal have attempted to
conceal the real hideousness of tho
Great Grafting Institution. It is re
vealed to all tba people for what it
is-a big gin mill doing business for
The State of South Carolina dis
puted the right of the general govern
ment to make it pay taxes for dealing
\ in liquor. The Court of Claims
; denied application for a refund of tho
taxes colleoted, on the ground that
"the exercise of police power was
but thinly disguised, holding that the
real purpose was money making"
and the Supreme Court affirmed that
decision on Monday.
The plea that the State is not sub
ject to taxation by the national gov
ernment is met by the Supremo Court
with the declaration that while such
position may be true regarding strict
ly governmental functions, yet when a
State engages in what waa looked on
at the time of the adoption of the
Constitution as a private business,
the individuals ao ti og for the State
in the tran 6 GC tien of the business be
come amenable to the taxing power of
the government. "Tho framers of
the Constitution," saya Justice
Brewer, ''were not anticipating ?hat a
State would attempt to monopolise
any business heretofore;carried on by
'individuals." Nor did the men and
women who made South 'Carolina's
danie honored in times, past ever
contemplate, her as dealing out by the
millions half pint bottles of. mean
whiskey to debauch the people 1
The claim for exemption from
license'by.- South Carolina oh the plea
that the State was exercising "police
power" was absurd on its faco. Wo
predicted this remit when the fight
was begun. If; tho State could eell
whiskey without federal tax, abe
could manufacture it with like exemp
tion. And Bhe eould oogfigo in and
monopolizo a doce o other businesses.
Tho spsotaclo of the State of South
Carolina standing like a barmaid be
fore.^h? court asking that license
eb&sje? tj? selling liquor bo reduced
is a most mortifying sight for Ga d
li ni ans worthy of their 81-te. That
petitionhas. been denied on the
ground that the State was monopoliz
ing a business heretofore considered a
private business, and conducting it
for profit; This is the judgment of
the tribunal considered by many to
bo tho highest in the world. How do
par people like the position of their
State? What do .linty think of the
mon Hrh 0 wo uld force 80 ut h Carolina
to- continue in that shameful position?
-4fhe ^?tate. .
V \ ; -L-.-"y t - 1 -?. :-<
Goldsmith and Boswell and John
son haying met at ?>e usual boor at
the chop house, . Boswell observed
that be bad Just encountered the
Prince of Wfeles on tue Street:
|$jtf>o yb^think,*' asked Goldsmith,^
turniog to Johawn, "that the Prince
of Walea will ? ? cr be king??'
'?It is impossiblet" tctortod the
great do tor. "Utterly impbssibler'
"Why do yon think sot" asked
H^Way? condemn you!" roared the
dStor, goitiog red in the facet
^Whyi because, air, the minute ie
gets to bo king he ceases to be Prihe?
^fl^iee,"- * ; ..
? * ?XVI
All Sorts of Paragraphs.
- A silent Baintis an cloqueut ser
- Ho who servos bolf is paid by
- Laziness is tho costliest thiog iu
- Helping mon is tho best way of
- Little kindnesses como back to
ns full grown.
- Tho healthy heart alwayH finds
- It's never hard to beliovo in tho
gratitude that givup.
- Count your rucroies and you dis
3ount your miseries.
- Dou't oarry th? prejudices of
routh into middle lifo.
- Tho review of tho past often gives
* new view of tho present.
- Our best welfare ?UB seldom been
rrolooinc at its first coming.
- Ho who finds no oausefor grati- i
ludo probably oauses none.
- A kind word will livo long after ]
tho author has forgotten it.
- Tho charm of sooiety roally lies
in tho sense of exclusiveness.
- He has little gratitude who
seeks only to gratify himself.
- A mero madness-to live liko
. wretoh that he may die rich.
-One of the duties of to-day is to
qualify yourself for to-morrow.
- The best appreciation of God's
bounty is seen in our liberality.
- Many a man who is only see
sawing thinks hs is sawing wood.
- There always ia room in the front
tank for those who mean business.
- Silent commendation will some
times produoe a feoliog of despair.
- The more explaining a man does
the less use the world has for him.
- It is easy to fanoy an affection
exists where there is only respect.
- A busy man has no time for those
who make a speoialty of killing timo.
- Tho wisest man is he who knows
how big a fool he oan be without treing.
- A great mind treats little minds
as suoh and is never belittled by them.
- Richest harvests come from seeds
that lay under the snows of sorrow.
- The poorest kind ef sermon is tho
one filled with fear of the rich hearer.
- Love your neighbor as yourself,
but don't forget to look your door at
- It's a poer kind of Thanksgiving
that only confirms as in our own con
-A generous disposition may be
tarnished through want of recogni
- The man whose voioo drowns the
ohoir in ohuroh singB small on the
- If the refleotion in the mirror is
pleasant, time is found for another
- There always is a sense of satis
faction in hearing abused those one
- Some people never feel good un
less they are making others feel the
- When a woman acquires the
reputation of being ap aristocratic gos
sip she has reached the limit.
- If you ever get acquainted with
yourself the chances are you won't find
your company so very agreeable.
- Somo think they are entitled -to
the wings of an angel bscaueo they
have the appetite of ap ostrioh.
-- Because one tighs over another's
misfortunes it does not mean there is
willingness to lend a helping hand,
- T*hore are still a number of those
$5,000 positions open to good men.
Why don't you accept one of them?
* -Did it ever ooour to y ou that a wo
man doesn't ooo sider "a neighbor's
baby half as important as she pretends.
- When a man winks at sin he seas
a good many things with half an eye
that would look different with a whole
- It is not always the man who
nods his head at everything the
preacher says who is doing tro st for
Ihe glory of God. '
. Caiioatilcs AboLi Piala Realen.
Tho thin, silvery coating of fish
scales derives Its luster from many
minute crystals of lime, mixed with a
peculiar, substance called "guanin."
This coating of silver crystals ls very
easily rubbed off the scales, and In tito
C&sc cf a Esropr?ii species ox carp
known ac the "bleak** the crystals ore
so numerous that a metallic pigment,
commercially known as "argentine," ls
mode from them. Tho large globular
glass beads, known as "German" or
"Roman" pearls, ore coated on the In
side with this substance. lu some spe
cies of fish with lus te ri es H scales tho
silvery lining ls found on tbe Inside of
the body. A weir known example of
this ls seen In the common smelt.
-1 H---- r .
Tho Troth About Va xii tr?
When one comes to think of lt, vani
ty may bo defined os on appreciation
of the beautiful, which impels us to
make ourselves ns beautiful as lt ls
possible to bel IC appears also on
analysis that a desire to make oneself
better ls a confession of the need of
feeing beautified, BO that the girl or
the man who titivates may have a
less conceit than thoco irho go about
content with themselves os they are.
ugly, probably, for lt so often happens
that Providence denying beauty denies
also tho appreciation of lt In other
things and persons.-t?lac?? and White.
' I ' ' ' m ? i> t m ' .
1 *3 ?A? & *S? &> SSL SE m?L a :.
OW PEAS draw nitrogen" from t?i<e
air in large amounts, if sufficient
POTASH and phosphoric acid are supplied
to the plant.
The multitude of purposes served by the
remarkable cow pea, are told in the 6 5- page
illustrated book, "The Cow Pea," which also
tells of the splendid results obtained from
fertilizing cow peas with POTASH. The book
is free to farmers for the asking.
? . ?, Address, GERMAN KAI.! WORKS,
H.w York-93 Nasanu Street, or Atlanta, t?a.-225? So. Broad Street.
FRED. G. BROWN, Pres. and Troas. | Ii. F. M AULDIN, Vice PriBidoo
A. 8. FARMER, Secretary.
The Anderson Real Estate
and Investment Go.,
- BUYERS AND SELLERS OF -
REAL ESTATE, STOCKS & BONDS.
J. C. CUMMINGS, Sales Dep't.
Our facilities for handling your property are perfect, as
we are large advertisers all over the country. Bight now
we are having considerable inquiry for farms in this and ad
orning Counties, and owners of farm lands in the Piedmont
section who wish to dispose of their property will find that
we are in a position to make quick and satisfactory sales.
Now is the time to list your property with us, and we
will proceed at once to give attention to all properties en
trusted to us.
Address all communications to J. C. Cummings, Sales
HON REIL ESTATE & ?EUT OM.
Now oomoo the "Good Old Summer Timo"
when you want one of our ------
Up-to-Date VEHICLES for Pleasure.
Buckboard, Traps, 1
And in feet anything you need in the Vehicle line you will find at our Ko
Sstories. A fine line of HARNESS, SADDLES, UMBRELLAS, CAM
PY SHADES, DUSTERS, &c t
Call and examine for yourself, and if we cannot snit yon it will be our
fault j. Very truly,
. f^TW?LL-HANKS 00., Anderson, S. 0.
THE SOUTH'S GREATEST SYSTEM.!
tf? excelled Dining Car Service,
Through. Pullman Sleej?ng?Cars on all Trains,
K Convenient Schedules on all Local Trains*
WINTER TOURIST RATES are now In tfleet tc all fluids Point?
For full information as to rates, routes, etc., consult nearest fxuthera
Railway Ticket Agent, or
v R. W. HUNT, Division Passenger Agent, Charleston, & OL
BROOKS MORGAN, Asst Gen. Pas. Agent, Atlanta, Ga.
ONE CAE OF HOG FEED.
Have just received one 0&t JJO&A of HOG'FSED
(Shorts) at very close prices. Como before^they are
all gone. Now is the time for throwing
Around your premises to prevent a case of fever or
some other disease, that will cost you very much mere
than the price of a barrel of Lime ($1.00.) ? We have
a fresh shipment in stock, and will be ?lad to send "yon
some. If voa contemplate building a barn or Jany
other building, see na before buying your
CEMENT and LXME3
As we sell the veryjbeet qualities only.*