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i ". '?' ---~- *--M--?-;-' .' ._^^^^ ~ <m?:mWirnr?r\ A -WT r>?T7iV?mir;ni<r Y?T/\T? C?A inAC . 37/YT TT M TT. YT.T_"Ki\ 1/1
THs fimffi Educativa! and
i Cpf Operativo ttnlon of Ajaeyica,
j. I QQND.VOTEDtBY vi. ??. 6TB?CLINQ.
Commutation* intended for?bla?
?dpat- tin oat Should be a?drftt?ud lo .
Strlbllttg, Po?dlotori? B. C.
"" f Observatio?s in Paragraphs.
-; Thew ie going to wnsto in Houth
Carolina enough wild leapadcza clover
to produte wool ftnd mutton sniilcient
to supply ?very inhabitant of tho State
with this class of food and clothing!
The worthless d(>gs and their owners
nie standing KUSVJ", keeping hack thia
- Our southeastern', cotton States
spend enough each ye?ir for mules and
guano to msko tho .-country', rich. ..If-,
fanners would only try they could
raise their ow? mules, and grow their
fertilizers in their own soi/, which cab
be done! Good authority figures it out
that Sooth Carolina 'farmers'' pay ii
tribut? tb the fertilizer trust ot eyer.:;
two million dollars force profits each:
~ Prof. Harper,director of the South
Carolins.Experiment Station, ls ?ts?lf- j
made man. Ho worked- out his own
expenses aa'.he went through}', coll?ge.
Tkjsmau isBureiy capable c*advising
the South Carolina youth? how to pre- j
?iare themselves for their life's work.
Vj^t?ey^take his advice! >
-?.^Prof. C; L. Newman^assistant di* I
rector of the i5outh Carolina - Experi
ment' Station, is tho recognized best
authority, on cowpeas und some-other
leguuiens in the United >St?tos.? i?o
grew last- 'season at Clemson over:
.eighty di?eyewS^rietie?'of cowpeas.'j
The Hand of Providence Is In lt.
Have you. thought out . what might
have happeno^/if tho Southern fcottosr?.j
grojtvers had known 40 years bac^the
power. and ? value of thbir present
knowledgo and posaessiona of tb is
glorious cotton belt? ff the destinies
of this larjd of tho South had been
left entirely to tho greedy man, : he no.
doubt .would have prevented tho spread
of tho : knowledge of tbs nee?ulne&? of
thisvala?blo staple, cotton, by holding
prices too high* ; thus' killing the goose
that was to keep on laying the golden i
eggs.:"-.v >'?.: A: .. ?
TtL-was .the overpr?daetion of ?,
nineties that gave th? world the eheaj
est staple to clotho thesr nakednee
with that, was ever.1 known.. Thi
that period* extended s ts usoio a ff reaJJ
extent;i?wvJkn0ckiss ot*r^ ?ss^vuier;
ccaipetitiv? staples and thus Set ia tho
gowing demand of ^t???sy ;thot- now
callB for Over three million more balea
now than ?coasamption called for
twelve years back.
Lt Vf ill bo seen at opeo by the close
observer thu* it was .tho cbeap cotton,
of the' nineties: that ihade it psssibfe
for the South to : coin ?n?li' a vAst for*
tune Out :Of our record crop of ?.0Q4-.05',:
If all this wiadoni . and^orsef gb$bad
been left'to man ^witb?uif tho interven
tion: ofrsi . ^isa^r^yld?nco ..tho.j?rea?i?tJ
S. greedy niau would have Bqnand?r?d
I tho glorious prospecta of the South tp
Groat Statesmen nsight have seen
t^e great bendite to be derived, from
the jMi'?ap crops of tho past, but no
poworof niau contd have ever enforced
ibo people to make tho eUefl?**?? of
such cheap crops Xor their benefit in
tature; youie. t
Then ic is not ?trange that the lessons
of organised oonipen; ot action among
jfarmers has hot como until new, when
til? harvest ie ripe and tho tim? is at
hand when Southern farmers con reap
the rewards of their many years of
patient labor,- andi long snireriug. AH
theeo obligations have, boen paid, and
th? troi?l ot tho times ve bringing iu
every day prosperity to ou^'wbple peo
ple in ret ni u. '
.-j-1 .max ? ?.mi-' ,Vj
Henry Grady's Tribute.
Cotton is K?ug with the cotton farmer
only when homo grown grain is Queen,
with other homo grown aupplies noting
as maids or honor behind tho throne
'whore this King presides! ' *
Tho cotton larmer that conf?rmate
tho edicts of king cotton aa above Btated
can now enjoy in its fullness Henry
Grady's tribute to King cotton written
Thia tribute by Henry Grady-owe
of tho South's greatest oratora-is the
best'ever made and was pointed out by
Grady a .quarter of- a century; before
the Southern farmer carno to realize
these facts. Grady said:
"What a wy al plant it isl The
worid waits in attendance ca ita
grew th ? ; Th o shower that falls whis-.
peringee the leaves is heard around
the earth. The sun-that shines on it is
temn<irt?d by ins prayers of all people.
Tho frost that chills'it, and the dew
that descends from ?the stars is notodj
S3id tho trospaes of a little green worm
on its leaf ie moro te England than
tho advance of .tho Kussiae army on
h?r Asian ontposts. It is. gold from
tho instant it puts forth US tiny shoot.
Its libro ia enrrout io every bank, and
when losing its fleece to tho sun it
floats a annoy banner that jglonfles
tho floJd-'o'f the humble faimer; that
man IR marshaled andor a flag that
will compel the allegiance of the
world, and a subsidy from every, nation
on earth.. It is the heritage that .God
gave to thia people forever as their
own, when He arched our skice, ?atan
li8hed oaonjonntnine, girt na. about
with the j,*?;ean,K loosed the ?'. breezeB,
tempered the sunshine, and measured !
-the raia.- Oura^nd esr children's for*. \
ever. As princely^.' talent as ever
came; from His hand t? mortal steward
ship/' 1 ..ISSI
Strength of The Farmer*' Unions.
__The Maimers',tJnion'? vgrowth'in Iu
tium ora arzias!been "nnpreccaehted? It
::?^,G?g?bsiie?^?e?s^thss. ? year" ugo
?od ?ow has a membership of over
100,000. . Thi^ . comprises S.000 local
unions and at the headquarters, Shaw
nee, Okla,, it ia reported that applica
tions for new unions average ten/a
day, ' v <,:
< --?' Tho toiai number oilocals .termed
in tho B?y?ial State? thus far amounts
to S.GOSV distributed, as follows; Texas*
?,8J2; Oklahoma- and Indian Territor
ies ?r?llhsas. l,?00;>Iioaisjano,
vi?Oj^G?sr?tf a^ Mis-.
vsoar?; ??^TenneBsee, 03, South Caro-.
lina, 115; North Carolina, 10: Mississip
pi, 131; Kentucky, 8; Virginia, 8; Ore
gon.-1; New Mexico, 3; Florida, 8.
Hie Comp trailer-General's Annual Report.
Columbio,' Jan. 27.-Tho annual re
port of tho comptroller-general to tho
legislatura embraces eom? interesting
facto an$ ligures on tho condition of j
State finances. Tho total revenue for
1U03 ia estimated at ?1,818,000, aa
against a total expenditure of i?tUSSd?,-.
884, leaving un apparent excesa of
$~x2t,28S-. Bt?l lt Viii be oocesaary for
the State to borrow thia year not lcSc
than $800,000 in Order to meet current
expenses until the fall taxes como in,
among thc items now duo being a deft- !
cienoy of $19.447 to the ?tato hospital
for the Lagune and some ?0,000 due on
Tho expenses for 1000 aie estimated
at $1,232.684. Tho revenue from taxe?
based upon the present assessment of
8220,000,000 would on a levy of 0? mill*,
realiza. $1,105.000, and as there is au
additional $121,000 available from di
rect and indirect eourcos through cor
poration license fees and the like, the.
total estimated revenue will bo $1,
270,000, which is $23,016 ia excess of
the Estimated expenailureB.
The comptrollerrgo'u?ral estimates
that a total of $70,000,000. to $140,000,
000 will be added to .the tax values
'through th? .campaign ho has' started
to place* property On r. basis of 100 per
cent, instead of a basis of 00 per cent,
and through the efforts ho is making to
reorganise . the assessment system eu
as to get property on the booka at its
true market value without diser?tniha
?ion. Still as these values will not bo
lefinitely. known until tho State board
Of equaljzation finished ita work uV tho 1
latter part of the year he suggests that
tho appropriations be made as usual 1
and some competent authority bo pro*
vided to lix tberleviea afterward. I.
Theoresent State levy ia mille, it
being "raised half a mill by i the . last
legislature in the hope of getting the
Slate on a cash basis.
. _ , .;>..?- ?-- ?
100 YEARS OLD.
A frame houso can bs kept In good
order far 100 years if painted with the JJ.
& M. Paint about onco in ten to fifteen
yearH.' Thlols because thoX,. <fc M. Zinc,
bardens the X. & M. White tsad and
giyas the paint extraordinary Ufo, ; It
also makes lt coyer au enormous Har*
face, so that vihur/galions L. <fc M. anti
three gallons Linseed OU will paint, a'
moderate alz?d house.
Ii. coals abont $1.20 per gallon ?
^.Janae?S, B Arron, President Manchester
Cotton .Milts, Hock Hill, 8. Cy wrlt?fi
v '".Twenty-two years agni painted mj
r^idence with Lv 'S!,; T* ?oeks .bett*?;
Than a great ' r?any bo?a?a painted three
years ago .?
h. & M.'eoals about 20 per gallon.,
, -Soven gallons at 81.20 per gallon, or
$8.40 will paint a n>ode>ate steed, house
and lt takea teven gallons of Other mixed:
. oaintat/Si zn BL^?^??rw??r'Dwanee
Ijlnaeed Oil sold to you as paint costa you
8U>0 a gallon. It only costa you CO cents
a gallon, when yon buy lt fresh from the
baritel anil mlx it with h. <fc M.: .
: Sold by?F?J?,Oiraytod. Anderson, S; C.* ;
R, K. Hortdn.;Lowndesvilles g.;Ot T. C.
Jackson,- Iva^tsiC?.; W. W- GrlfiV, Pel-,
zcr, IS. O ? F, I? hopper, BeltOn,-C?ro.
- There will bc * grand raliy of
tho Knights of Pythias io Columbia
- D. F. Amos, a well known mer
chant of Marion, committed suicide
by swallowing morphine.
- Andrew Thorap?Qn, a negro of
Greouvilto, has been eeuteneod lb
hang for tho usual crime.
- Mr*. Stonewall Jackson has boen
invited to go to Wiunsboro and prc*
sent the vaier?'8 of fairfield with
crosses of honor.
' -W.'B. Wisc, who conducts a
laundry in Sumter* hasbeoo arrested
on tho ohorgo of defrauding a citizen
of Dublin, Ga., out of $40.
- Tho Aiken-Augusta trolloy lino
is to be extended lo Columbia aud it
is stated that oars will bo running over
iho lino in less time than a year.
-- Pryor Scruggs,, a young man who
is confined in. jail at Guituey, charged
with criminal assault, it is said, has
made throe unsuccessful attempts to
end hit* lifo.
-- Tho citizens of Greer have start*
od a movement to erect a mon union t to
the late Policeman Foster, who, .whiio
iq; tho dieoharge of Ilia duty, was shot
down in thc street.
- Tho Columbia Record says that
Ellis G. Graydon, of tho Greenwood
bar, is also a candidate for thc judge
ship of the now federal district hero
after to be formed in South Oaro
' John Steppe aocidontally shot
and instantly killed, S?m Whinier at
Union. Tho boy? VV.TO huntiog when
Steppe's gun went off accidentally,
killing Whitner, who was walking be
' V- J. C. Holstein, ono oV the State
Constables, was shot by Wade Coth
ran, of MoGormiok, and ho died in
in tho Augusta hospital from the
wound* The trouble was tho outcome
of ? law suit.
-- Henry Sloan, colored, was . shot,
and killed by Ed Payne also-colored
at Woodruff, Tho shooting resulted'
from a quarrel, between Sloan and,
Payne over forty dents, and Pay no :
has disappeared. !
-- A little negro hoy- returning
fiotn school in Greenville attempted
to.cioBB a track at the Southern yards
anV,; was run over by an engine and
killed!. = He had an/umb???l? over hiss1
which obscured hi? view.
- PcopVo".'pf South Carolina insist
up?tfaupply?ng Speaker Cannon with
wearing apparel. The latest contri
bution to tho Rpeak?r's wardrobe is a
pair of white yarn socks, the gift, of
"Keoweo Courier force, of Walhalla;
Bu ; V.
The annual meeting of tho South
Carolina LivxrScook Association will
beheld in Columbia on February 8th
and 9th. The object of th? asBobi?r
lion is to create increased interest in
tho live stock industry sud every citi
zen of the State will be directly or
indirectly bor'euted in its auooesa.
- Thc board cf Uusteoa of the
South Carolina College, at its recent
meeting in Columbia decided to abol
ish intercollegiate football. It was
?tated that tho action was taken with-,
out any outside influence, being deem
ed for tho beat interests of the insti
- Reuben Dorkins, past middle life
aud owuer cf a thousand acres of land,
was arrested hy constables at his
homo in Greenville County on tho
charge of running a bliud tiger. They
captured a good deal of boozo, besides
measures, drinking glasses and other
paraphernalia of a regular rum shop.
' -Magistrate T. E. Stribling, of
Seneoa, sent in his resignation to
Governor Heywnrd and gave a very
peculiar reason. Ho declares that ho
has tried lo do his duty faithfully
but he and Senator J. R. Eurie are
politically opposed to each other and
he wanta to got oat of his job as mag
-- For tho first time, the students
of thc Greenville Female College are
io have a college magazined There
will soon appear the initial number of
"Iaaquena," a highly creditable pub
lication, which will be attractively
printed and bound. Morchants of
Greenville have aided tho project by
subscribing liberally to advertising
- Robert Henry Nof?so, ago 17,
son of late . Perry Noffse, who was a
moat highly esteemed citizen, was ar
rested at Cross Hill, hiB home, aud*
carried before the United Slates coui
missioner at Abbeville charged with
breaking into aud robbing the Cross
Hill post?nico a lew weeks ago. Tho
commissioner committed yoting No Uso.
- There has boon presented to tho
governor a strong petition signed by
about all the white people , in and
around Rantowles, in Colleton Coun
ty, asking for relief from an intoler
able situation. Thc petition asserts
that the dispensary has degenerated
into a wholesale tiger supply house,
tho negroes hauling tuc stuff off in
Wagons and retailing it about the com
munity. The potition states that
drunken negroes hang about the sta
tion, H wearing boisterously and using
obsoeoe .language, en*d making it un
safe for women getting off and on
trains.'::'.' v V
:^~ The/Greenville grand jury , t?aB
asked for the; prosecution of all of
those who were4n any way oODoerned
in the irregularities in tb a supervisor's
?office, The resolution sneoifioally di
recte the solicitor to Dring , indict
monts against the following persona:
J. Q. and A. A. Speegle, cierta of the
board of countycomn?iasionersj.F. M,
Mo?ee, magistrate; A. Cbokaey, magis
trate's oona?able?15; R. Smith, blaok
smith; the Rev. B. B Talley, steward
of the county home;. T. J> Thaokston.
janitor of the courthouse, Dr. W, J,
Bramlett, jail physician; J. Wv But*
BOU, T. 1\ Neavcs and A. J. WU
I ia ut ri, county oomuiissiouers; J. N.
King, bridge contractor; T. B. Miller,
- II. C. Reese, an Atlanta, Ga ,
man, was found dead ia a room in a
Ntw York hotel.
-1 A mob of 300 men at Hopkins*
ville. Ky., lynched Ernest Baker for
tho usual crime.
- An Atlanta man has been offer
ed tho position of chief cook to hor
majesty, tho queen of England.
- Wages iu Porto Bioo have in
creased thrcofold since the Spanish
days, and 30 per cent of tho children
are in tho public ?choblo, which are
au American innovation.
- Two brothers met this week in
Chicago, after sixty year's separation,
although they had all that time been
living within two blocks of each other.
Neither was aware of tho relationship
until revealed by chance.
-- The will of Marshall Field, pro
bated in Chioago, after dispensing be
quests amounting to $17,572,000 pro
vides that tho great bulk of the es
tate shall bo kept in trust fur his
grandsons and their descendants.
- Judge Thomas H. Paynter, who
has been oleotcd to tho United States.
Scnato from Kentucky, was raised a
poor boy on a farm in thc mountains
of his State. Now he is acoounted
one of the richest and ablest men of
- A member of tho tho Chatham
ar..illory of Savannah, enjoys the dis
tinction of being thc only soldier who
ever made application for a. pension
on tho ground that "a horse sneezed
in his face." Ho alleges injury to his
eyeB on that account.
- Andrew Paul, marshal at Girard,
Pa., woiku for tho glory of working.
i H?B salary is $1 yearly and bo pays 50
cents each New Year's to tho man
who swears him in. This leaveB him
a half dollar to .show for his labor. He
is rociuircd to'furoish a bond in the
sum ot ?1,000.
.- Fire in Norfolk, Va., destroyed
the compress/building of the Inter
national Compress company and 6,000
bales of cotton. Tho body of Jaaob
Jacob's who slept in tho compress was
found burned beyond rcccgoiuoo.
The loss ia estimated at one hundred
- ~ Cornelius Vanderbilt Washing
ton, a negro farm hand at Durant,
Miss., has caused a furore by sudden
ly turning white. ; Ho is 45 years old
and was born black. t He had a strange
illness and twelve years ago nature
began purging his blood of pigment
With thc exception of small spots oo
bia body his skin ia white. His kinks
hair and othe;* Uegro oharaotoristio.
remain.' Other. negroes C9ar Durant
aro also becoming ipottcd. It ia be
lieved they will turn white in tho
- Eighteen aro dead and many
others injured as thc rcault of a panic
in St. Paul's Baptist church (colored)
at Philadelphia Sunday night. Some
one raised the cry of lire and in thc
terriblo rush to reach tho street, eigh
teen were crushed to death. Tho lire
waa a trifling aifair, being easily ex-*
- Twins woro born to Mrs. lian
Hanson, of Odhkosb, with 17 minutes
intervening botweeu them, and yet
they woro born on different dayo in
diilcrent months and different yoars.
Uno was boro at, 11.55 p. m., on juc
oomber 31, 1905, and tho other at
12.12 a. m., January 1, 190G.
- A plant, nativo to Japan, which: ' ^
furnishes a sort of vegetable leather,
is being introduced into the United
StatoB. Thc inner bark of thia plant, ,
after being subjected to a certain pro
oeas, becomes as tough au French kid, ?H
BO trbnalucont that ono can . see ? ?>l?
through it, and as pliablo and soft as \ '
calfskin. . ^
- Capt. John Willis, of Mississip
pi, tho largest cotton planter in the
world, is dead, aged 88. His plan
tation is the most thoroughly equipped ' .'
and best fitted plantation in the Unit
ed Statoa. It is aa large aaa princi
pality of Europe. Capt. Willis waa*'
captain of Company A, 1st regiment
of Miaaissippi volunteers in thc Mexi
can war, commanded by Jefferson
- A plant for tho manufacturo of
paper from cotton stalks will probably
bo established in Atlanta, at an early
dato. Plans aro already being pre
pared for thc organization of a stool: "
company which will put into, operar
don tho'reoont discovery of W.H.
Croll, of Pino Mountain, hy whioh,
tho heretofore useless cotton stalks'
can he couverte I into many gradee of
papor and heavy bags.
- S. B. Clark, of Omaha, who had
gone ou a hunt in tho Big Horn moun
tains, was missing. Ki s ; friends
searched nnd found his body and the
bodies of two grizzly beare lying to
gether. Tho bears had died of bullet
and knife wounds, add Clark had .
four broken ribs, a chewed arm and a
severe wound at the base of tho brain.
A hug from one of the wounded bears
probably, had killed him.
- In uer action, four ?week? ago
against tho Louisville Street; Railway- :'\\'l?h
Company, Mies Stella Reacher, of
Jef?o rBonville, Ind., on rte; request of
j *??$?^?ey, gave the jury a view of -:
. her shapely shoulders, fid. the jury
I awarded ! her $6,000 for damages aus
t tavand, says a apeo'el to the Hew
'T.oirk World. Sipoe then Mias Res?
. char has reoeivod .thirty-two letters
i from various parts of the Union,* all .
t more or leas of a matrimonial onar
?I actor. Miss Resohar is annoyed by
V the; notoriety, b?t she will keep the ;
.. letters. /
r, and we hope to merit & contiv^k^?i
- J| ?iadie^ Jaoko^a, formerly sold for $3,80 $nd $4.00, now going at.Sl.B8? ' ? few Woi>l Blankets leftr which will be c^
i "Ji?ikli:o:i^ i-onfr CloaJt?. ,'?^HHHHR^^- Bed Comforts. -
I S6 pm&tm'u teng Ciot?s, formerly soldfor $5.00 ?nd $8.00, ?ow going at $3.48. . A big Iii}? of Bed Comforts to be dosed ont AT COST.
I^S^iV^f ^, ^Zl8i.^'F?80lBato^ ' * All Oar WoolG?o?fcto Go at Cut
1 ; l^j '^ "High quality, Low Frices.,> ? . _ ' '?.^v/T
^, ealo at Cit Frieda, inspect onr big Show Window and see tho Cnt Prices. You will be astonished. If Quality and j
. gBttSg ' -' "" ' ?' ' '' ." "' nT.y'-'' ".". ;' !"? ?II I Ililli .I.III..Ill''. ?? lilli' Mill ??Ml. I ll ? ' '-^--J- ?"? ? ? - -t1 j,