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3?a-ul Morton, 3?x-Secr
What .A-11-.?.roxiiid JEl
H. I. Cleveland,
I have io the past said something
to the boy who wishes to be a builder,
an architect, au electrician or a rail
For thia crtiule I hare asked the
pressent of tho. Equitable Lifo As
surance Co., Paul Morton, lately sec
ond vice-president of the Santa Fe
Railway, to say something definite of
what j railway work of any kind is.
Hr. Morion speaks from the shoul
der. What he saya must be of real
interest and help to the boy who baa
? genuine ambitioa tc go into railway
work. The -kindl? *n? ?r?,?tisit! ieik
Mr. Morton gives U exclusively for
the Boya* World and it comes from
the lips of ft man who baa made his
own way up from the same kind ol'
boyhood you are living.
Speaking frankly of all tho phases
of railway work, Mr., forton says:
"Tho nearest parallel I haye ever
found in business to the conduct of a
railway system is the management of
an army-snob, an army as Sherman
brought to the sea, or whioh Lord
Roberta headed for Pretoria.
"And railways, like armies, have j
camp-followers-some 'useful, many]
worse than useless. | lu the wake of
any groat enterprise, public or pri
vate, there are certain to be the
leeches. They may not accomplish
much harm, but they are annoying. j
''The desire of the commanding
officer of an army ia. to conservo his ;
forces, rea?h the enemy by the short
est route possible, have out his battle
and win. Modern railway work and.
organization difiera but Mule, if any,
from similar purposes.
"The president of a modern railway
is its commander-in-chief, the vice
presidenta are brigadier-generala, each
with a brigade divided into many regi
ments and companieo. Tho president,
of a system thus organized must have,
for his subordinate officers, tho same
kind of loyalty he knows a command
ing general in tho field exacte.
"To use an apt expression 'team
work* is aa necessary in the success
ful conduot of a railway , system aa in'
the work of an army', or of a football
?earn; or as may he seen is the perfect
assembling of al! the parts of a great
locomotive, ' with the knowledge that
etch will perform its specific duty j
when steam is applied.
*'ine trafilo of great railway Systems
now comes from ev^ry seotion of the
earth. At the sam? timo traffic con
ditions are constantly changing, re
quiring tba taost. skilled deductions
from or additions to systems already
existing. These changes must be;
worked ont> without shook tb either
trafil? or the public. ^
"It is therefore essential? io tho or
ganization of ?a,railway ^ystem,, that
the heit executiveof&cer?. possible he
scoured',! and then that eaoh exeoutive
officer, h? held^responsible for",the "de
partments cHrectly under his control,
**JR??oot?v?? ' offioerai so situated
understand that the first' purpose of
all railway work %&' to transport pas-.
sengers : and freight aa speedily and
safely; aa; possible, to their destina
tion/ Tho second - purpose is :tbe
method of operation i pl, the ..lina* nf*
the system*, tho third purpose, the
maintenance/at.Ah? 1?ssd, last,
tho economy with which nil business
can be handled with profit to tho com
panyand without injury, tb publi?
rights and intereata. ,-r." V>
"It. may bo erroneously thought
that l?ii? question of economy and
profit takes precedence o? all . Other
eon sido ra ti 6 n s ip' th e management pf a
railway eorpor?tion} but this has tsot
Hoye1 jtt .ffcas?^bwj?^the' exnerian?? =Af;
many railway ?ffioiM?ii^^?|?m
"The systematizing of railway work
ia the United States (which ia rapidly,
etary of the ISTavy, tdlls
ail way Work ?feans..
; io Boys' World.
and freight; or, as ic might bo termed,
the commercial end of tho business
rates of faro and freight, relations of
the railway with tho public, and mat
ters of similar nature;
"Tho third vice-president ie given
the responsibility of operating and
maintaining the right of way, all the.
truckage. He really has the manu
facturing department of the system
that ie, he makes the transportation,
and tho trame department ssiis it.
The better the transport*tion, the
easier it is for tbe traillo department
to command business, for tho same
reason that people who are ?ktisfied
with goods they buy return rod desire
.more.' . -,. J ?%
"I am aware that man; people who
have not studied tbe proportions to
which railway trafilo has grown, may
be startled by the suggestion that the
railways have as muon of a commodity
to sell as do dry-goods establishments
or wholesale houses. Bat it is never
theless true, and the supply and de
mand of the transportation market is
watched just as closely as the markets
of food or clothing supply.
"Every human body and every ma
terial thing paya some tribute to trans
portation, and, in proportion to tho
amount they pay. they ezoite tho in
terest of the traffic manager. As his
interest increases, BO does his study
of tho system by which ho purposes
to encourage further tribute. He is
constantly looking for defects in his
own plano or weaknesses in his own
corporation. 1 .'
i "It necessarily follows that the
priced of commodities, failure of crops,
pestilence, local or general prosperity,
opening of mining or timber districts,
the progress of irrigation, sadden dis
covery of new methods of doing busi
ness, location of new communities,
.construction of new railway lines,
navigation, snowfalls, cyclones, iov
pdrta and exports, most all eenie
ander the notice and study of the
practical railway mau? and, for their
mastery, he must have ? system that
enables him to reach the most accur
ate conclusion possible is tbe least
j possible time SB to what his course of
action shall bo. V i :
"It is no uncommon thing, as rail
way management ia today, for ? mer
chant or manufacturer to be solicited
by the agent of a railway company for
the shipment of a pertain order.of
goods, the order not yet iiavicg reach
ed tba borne office. TM? is possible,
ijj&f?f?j, through the traveling freight
constantly' kept On the road, and who
keep closely posted as to the buying
?nd selliog orders of their territory.
Thus they may reach the shipper th?
day before the order from th? ' eales?
maa a thousand v miles distant is re
S^IN* ino teal railway . work _ of . this
hoar nothing ia left io oh ance, to hap*
hazard, to guesswork. . If perchance
it is, disaster is certain to follow, and
ho ono knows this better than railway
managers. I know of 'no profession
in which . trusting to luck' brings ouch
quick ruin, each lossof life and prop
ortjy M *b?t of railroading. I do pdt
mean to. say th at railway ayatejpta nr?
y?tipcr?:ict--new ideas aro constantly
being sought and paid format
'chance' railway., work is. almost a
thing of ?be peat.
?:j |*This ' ^^nstant ' effort of railway
managers to get system into all they
d o i s IQ ar ked BB euee es sf ul . by th o fact
that today, io proportion to tbo' W%o\ft
number of people carried, compared
:Wi^;'twen^;:^eaw . f?go^t^
the size o? trains and locomotives, thc
tonnage, there are rfcw?r p?op!e! ini
J?red, less w>eofca,Tbe
providing the beet transportation ':??rj
[yio0^?]jkofiph*9 ev!iT. possessed,
j- ^ "Ii' i?. no ?opger d ? ffionH, " to v reach
tho central authority of. any great
or California can do it ea road-ly as
\iso?on^ fey '? p^ e tal oar ds au d
posed Ht be regulated by agreements,
is, io truth, governed by the oommon
couse of the official who may issue it.
It is given, or refused for a thousand
and one reasons familiar to every rail
way man in tho country. It is trae,
though, that the issuance of passes ?fl
steadily decreasing on every important
"Our employes? Every railway
manager in the country is doing ht*
utmost to have the employes take a
personal interest in his syatem. They
wish employes to feel toward railway
property as if it were their own. They
wish them to be neat, industrious and
progressive. They; are constantly
looking for the educated and ambiti
ous employe-tho man who ia building
for bia horne, his employer and his
country. Railway m?nagera are really
truatees for investors and the public.
It is to their highest interest tobe
fair, just and honest with their em
ployes, and they ask in return nothing
but the same treatment.
"Our government? tho railways as?
the publie are inseparable. -They
have a community of interest. Tho
harm to one ia a. harm to all. The
prosperity of ono is the prosperity of
Ten Bales for Employes.
1. Take as much interest in your
employer's buainess as if it were your
2. Do you expect to got all you eau
and give not hi jg. Do a little more
work than ia demanded.
3. Be prompt. Show that you have
an interest ia your work above a de
sire for an extra half-hour in bod ic
the morning. You can't come dowi
a half-hour late every morning sac
impress your employer with the ide;
that yon aro a wide-awako aotiv?
man or womau with au interest in you
4. Do your work so well today tba
you won't have to do any of it ove
5. Be cheerful and willing. A eui
len countenance ia not" pleasant t
look upon by either au employ?? or
customer. . Remember your p?llin
power with a oust om er ia ooo o
your assets. The reverse will b
your loss. Be courteous. Do no
thrust your own troubles and inhai
mony upon those around yon. It is
.V6, Be conscientious. Don't tali
too much interest in bal! games, tin
utera, parties, cte., or you may fin
that you have not much time left I
give to your work.. Don't have a. t?V.
ti ve die too often. Funerals sonn
times grow monotonous to an employ?
during the base ball season or on mat
?, 7. Do not make the same inistal
8, Do not let your thoughts be a
ways wool gathering if you espe
to earn an increase in salary on pi
De set shirk your work and 1
always thinking of tho money side *<
. the .proposition. 'Give good value f
tho money yon receive and you will 1
sure to succeed.
'v 10? .Pat yourself in your employer
placerand; figure out what kind of ?
^employe yon would hire 16 get. ti
most out of your business. Then s
youri elf toi try to be that employe.
ll. There ie ho short, easy road
saoces's, but it is well worth: travc
-. Treat every ono as. though y<
'?; expected him to som o day be your e
; Jttay. ; \'[
'?m ' .-.jPj'l
?' I ; % a Bee*
; - H- v You aw bankin
-V : H , . other fertilizer ia sb
? SB harvest. Don't tak
> H Cr?P ^ *?& le^d
j -i .". It has b?e? pro
? !%^B-;,; ^'"Pishland;;Animal i
/? r ^
The ruller Cemfelng Gin.
Beuncttsvillo, Feb. 23.-Tho cotton
gin waB for more than 100 yeera con
si?ei?u Buob a marvel of perfection
that no attempt was made io improve
upon tho principle of Whitney's in
vention. It is truo that great im
provements have been made, but all
of t! cm have recognised the necessity
of the saw to cut tho lint from tho
There xs a new invention now, how
ever, which is destined to revolution
ize thc ginning of cotton. Tho in
ventor is J. T. Fuller, a Texan, and
he oalla his maobico ''The Fuller
Combing Gin." Mr. Fuller experi
mented with his invention in Texas
till he got it about perfooted, and he
then desired to demonstrate its mer
its in the eastern part of tho ootton
bolt. It was natural that he should
have been directed to Marlboro, the
best cotton county east of the Missis
sippi, as the piaoe to make au exhibi
tion of his tin.
Mr. Fuller is now in Bennettsville,
and haB ono of his gins in operation
at the oil mill ginnery. Your corres
pondent called on him there, and
found him ia overalls end wich greasy
hands, hard at work adjusting his
machine, which had been put ia the
place of ono of the oil mill's gins and
oonneoted with its driving machinery.
Mr. Fuller is a man of unusual intelli
gence and information, and impresses
one as possessing indomitable energy,
perseverance and will power. Ho
told of the time and money that he
had spent perfecting his invention
and thad went into an explanation and
demonstration of its merits.
This gin separates tho lint from tho
seed by a oombing procesa. Tho
comb consists of steel wire hooke in a
revolving oylicder. There aro no ribs
like tboBO in a saw gin, but there is a
stationary comb above the oylinder,
through which tho teeth of the revolv
ing comb pasR. The result is that
tho lint is pulled from the seed unin
jured, instead of being out to pieces
by a saw. In the presence of your
correspondent,.?some of the same lot
of ootton was run through the oombing
gin and a Baw gin. There was so
much difference in the looks, feeling
??d strength of tho lint obtained by
the two precesses that ono could
hardly believe that it was not two
very different grades of cotton. Mr.
L. C. Breeden, the manager of the
oil mill, Bays that he carried two oi
the so samples to cotton buyers in town
and asked for bids, without telling
them anything, about the different
processes by whioh they had beca
ginned. He was offered a quarter ol
a oent more for the comb ginned cot
ton than the other. Mr. Fuller saye
that the difference in the true value
is much greater than this, as buyer j
and manufacturers have not yet found
out how much the preserving of the
staple intact will add to the strength
and lasting quality of thread and
cloth. Your correspondent, saw a
thread seesawed against a. tooth, of
the combing gin without being in
jured, but when it was dr?wn against
a tooth of the saw gin it was instantly
ont in two.
Mr. Fuller also claims several other
advantages for his gin. It will gin
wot cotton, aB it will not clog up and
produce fire by friction nenin nt. the
ribs. The cotton does not fall from
tba feeder on top of the saws, but be
low the ginning comb, to another re
volving comb, which throws the cotton
through a third revolving comb, up to
the ginning comb, whioh' catches it in
m experience when you fertilize; witt
di balanced in the. plant food supplie
Substitute; Farmers' Bone has rio
% fertilizer of the South.
? ! ?i)MH-r'ii(L fa i Y Y i ")-' .'S'' ni' . ' i
m& Freely Sn Any Di
i by eyer twenty-one years of succe
t?V ? superior to any other know
fanners* Bone 'is the :?brtUizer. , ' ;
ita hooke aod carries tho hut through
tho stationary comb, where it is
drawn from tho Bood. A stick or a
nail or a handful of dirt thrown into
tho gin dooB not affcot ita operation,
as thoy oannot reaoh tho ginning
comb. Unlike ibo saws of a Baw gin,
the ginning comb oan bo stopped in a
moment by touching a lever at tho
aide of thc gin, without stopping tbe
^.ngino or any other part of tho gin.
The comb tooth aro independent of
each other and if coo gets damaged it
oan bo taken out like a sewing ma
chine nccdlo and another quickly put
in its place.
Mr. Fuller intends to go to Mom*
phis, Tenn., next week to mako
auother demonstration. Before leav
ing here he will be glad to explain
and show tho operating of his ma*
ohiue to aoy cotton grower or other
who may be interested. Ho is mak
ing arrangements to have th o gins
manufactured in Charlotte.-The
A Petrified Body.
Gaffney, March C.-Special: Last
Friday, at the inatnnce of relatives,
alosara. G. W. MoKown, Kingdon
McCraw and ?. P. Mncomson moved
the body of a deceased lady friend
from the grave lu the Service grave
yard, some seven miles east ot G o li
ney, where it waa buried about twelve
yeara ago, to a newly-made grave in
another portion of the same graveyard,
where toe relatives wished it to be.
After taking the eartb from the grave
down to the box containing tho collin,
they attempted to takelt up, but found
it too heavy for the force at bund.
They then opened tbe box and found
that the body was petrified.
The gentleman who told the news to
your correspondent said that it was as
as bard as a rock, and in appen vance
resembled marble. They summoned
additional help, took tho body up and
re-interred it ?rn its now resting place,
which had been prepared for it. The
lady whoso body is referred to waB be
fore her death Ono ut Gatt'ncy'a most '
loved women, and her memory ?B still
revered by mauy.
Preparing for War.
Washington, Marche.-Asan indica
tion of tho desire of the government to
be prepared for any possible contin
gency Tn China, recent or dora govern
ing tbe movement of the army trana
6orto are significant. Tho Meade,
IcClellan and Kilpatrick have been
ordered held, at Mapila on arrival
there, pending developments. Newa
come from Seattle tbut the Quarter
master's department has obtained a
satiefactory price from the Great
Northern Steamship Company for tho
chartering of tbe steamers Dakota and
Minnesota. It is understood that tbe
arrangement is only tentative and
that the vessels will not be talion over
by the government until occasion
B-aratho ?J?^* Mad Voa Hare Always Bought
Bragged too Much.
A farmer in Central Nsw York r?tate
ha? in his employ a man name George,
whose undemanding is not very acute.
One day as his employer came out to
the field where he was working. George
hailed him: "Say, bess, who do yon
like best, Mr. Gorman or Mr. Carney?"
naming two ministers whoso ohurohes
are in the neighborhood.
"Well," said the farmer, "I couldn't
s?y. I nev<r heard ? Mr. Gorman
"I don't like that man Carney,"
said Georg?" "he brags too much. I
went to his church last Sunday and he
didn't talk about anything but his
father's mansions and brag about how
much 6ner they were than any ono
-- Many a man who seeks fame finds
nothing but infamy.
?Farmers', Bone. No
i from sowing time to
equal for any kind of
salve use that
OXTON fields need never "wear out/6
A complete fertilizer, with the right
amount of POTASH, feeds to the soi] the
.nourishment that cotton must have, and'
which the cotton removes from year to year..
"Cotton Culture," our interesting 90-page
book, contains valuable pointers on cotton
raising, and shows, fi om comparative photo
graphs, what enormous cotton yields POTASH
has produced in diff?rent states. This book
will be sent you free of any cost or obligation
if you will just write us for it.
Address, GORMAN KALI WORKS,
New Vork-92 Kcscau Street. or Atlanta. (lo.-22? So. Br*ad Street,
Now comes the "Good Old Summer Time"
when you want one of our =
-to-Date VEHICLES for Pleasure.
Carriages, Surreys, >
And in fact anything you need in the Vehicle line you will find at our Re
positories. A fine line of HARNE3S, SADDLES, UMBRELLAS, CAN
OPY SHADES, DUSTERS, &o. q
Call and examine for yourself, and if we cannot suit you it will be outr
fault. Very truly,
FBETWELL-H?NKS CO., Anderson, S. 0.
o ri ri
Now is a good time to buy a new Buggy and Harness,
and we want you to look at our large stock of the latest and
best up-to-date styles, and it will bo no trouble for you te
make a selection. Our work is all sold under guarantee. We
have extra bargains to offer. Give us a trial. Our prices are
low and terms to suit.
THE J. S. FOWLER COMPANY.
P. S.-Wo have a few last Fall's Jobs to go at Cost.
?'j -? -
THE SOUTH'S GREATEST SYSTEM!
wxifixceiled Sining Car Service.
Through Pullman SieepinglCars os all Traies.
Convenient Schedules on all Local Trains,
; WIHTER TOURIST RATES aie now In tfftct to all Finida Point?
For full information as to rates, routes, eto., ccrfeult tearert (Southern
Railway Ticket Agent, or A
R. W. HUNT, Division PasEenger Ageni, CharkEton, S. Ct. .
RROOKS MOROAK, Ant. Gen. Pae. Agent, Atlanta, Ga,
ONE CAR OF HOG FEED.
Have juat received one Car Load of HOG FEED
(Shorts) at very close prices. Come beforeJhcy are
all gone. Now is the time for throwing
Around your premises to prevent a case of fever or
tome other disease, that will coat you very much more *...'.
than the price of a barrel of Lime ($1.00.) We have
a freah shipment in ?tock, and will be glad to send yon
some. If you contemplate building a barn or any
other building, see us before buying your
CEMENT and LIME/
As we seU the veryjbest'qualitiea'only.* ,
O. D. ANDERSON.
A LONG LOOK AHEAD
A man thinks it is whoa the matter of life
insurance suggests itself-but circumstan
ces of late have shown how life hangs by a
thread when war, flood, hurricane and fire
suddenly overtakes you, and the only way
to be eure that your family ia protected in
case of cala?lity overtaking you is to In*
iure in a sohd Company like
The Mutual Benefit Life Ins. Oo.
Drop in and see us about it.
mt. M. MAVTISOW, :'
. ? STATE ACHBKT? "7^3 / :
E? Bank Building, ANDBBBOW^&JX*
' 'V'.; ?., -r- v