Newspaper Page Text
BY CLINKSCALES & LANGSTON.
ANDERSON, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 13.1908.
VOLUME Xiii-NO. 52
Since thc last rennion many of thc
veterans have answered the last roll
call, and they will bc greatly missed.
Their places cannot bc filled by sub
stitutes, even though their sons rep
resent them and cherish and venerate
thc memories of the lamented dead.
These valiant men of the sixties arc
rapidly passing from among those
who are dear to them, and each re
union tells of voices that are silent; it
tells of names on the roll which will
never be answered on this earth
again; it tells of courageous sons of
the South who escaped the pestilence
of war and tho deadly bullet, and re
sponding to thc inevitable fate which
awaits all mankind. The sons of
these true, brave men are taking their
pisos in a measure, but they oan nev
er be as close to the hearts of the peo
ple and the land as the old veterans
themselves. The object of these re?
unions is not to villify the North and
oensure harshly those who were ene
mies of the South at Gettysburg, thc
Wilderness, Ghiokamauga, Franklin,
Bentonville, Appomattox and on thc
countless other fields of battle. A
brave man honors courage and ad
miroB the valiant even those thes<
exalted traits of manliness ma.;
be brought against him to bring abou
his own destruction. Tho Southeri
soldiers fought for a principle involv
ing their very existence and the pro
teetion of their firesides, but when th
end came on April 9, 1866, and Le
surrendered bis 9,000 half starve?
and tattered little army, strong am
resolute manhood asserted itself am
these veterans of seores of batt!
fields accepted the inevitable am
turned their faces homeward with
resolve to gather up the remains an?
the ashes of desolated homes and be
gin lifo anew under the folds of on
flag, pledging themselves to protect i
with their honor and their livee
They have kept the faith, and noi
there is a united country
tho greatest and best the world ba
ever seen.-N. O. Item, April 25
How Confederates Treated a f ederal.
(By W. C. Brown, Winchester. Ind.
I was a member of the Ninety-Thin
rAgiment of the Ohio volunteer io
fanty. In the battle of Chiokamanga
just at dark on Saturday, the 19th o
September, 1863, my leg was brokei
by a musket ball sent out by the John
nies in pur front. This occurred ii
the woods about a half mile to th
west of Jay's Mill, and we were fellini
back at the time. Soon after ou
lines had fallen back, the Con fe der
ates established their pickets for th<
night. A squad (five, if I remembe
correctly) were passing to the fron
about fifty yards from where I hat
fallen. I called to them. The]
halted, and asked wno I was and wha
I wanted. I replied that I was t
wounded federal soldier, and wantec
to be. helped into an easier position
as I was suffering from a broken leg
They came to me promptly and assist
ed me as gently as if I had been ont
of their own men or a brother, to c
large tree where I could be protectec
from the fire of our own men, first
taking off my woolen blanket ant]
spreading it down for me to lie on,
plaoiog my cartridge box under m j
head for a pillow and spreading ms
oiloloth over me.
The tenderness with which they had
lifted mo touohed me, and I said;
"Boys, an hour or two ago we wer?
engaged ir shooting eaoh other, and
now you are treating me with thc
greatest kindness. I hardly know
how to thank you for it, in return.'1
They only replied, "Well, old fellow,
we are only doing to you as we. would
like to be done by. It may come om
turn nest," and they passed on to the
front picket line for the night, I
was suffering so at the time that I did
not notice all of the little details con?
neoted with this visit of the John
nies that night; but the next morn
ing, when I awoke from a half fever
ish, dreamy sleep, I found that ona of
them had spread half of a home-made
calico quilt over me, saying nothing
about Iii and doubtless keeping tba
other half to shelter him in his night
long Wetob;-; oa*f pioket t>0st. Wai
there over a more beautiful type of
obi valry ot Christian charity than
!*!?* ? This !**!&tit grows brighter
toma aa tbs yeara go by. God biala
Trbeys, whereves yos *s*?. kn ? / j
would love to have you for my neigh
My command waa the Ninety-Thi^d
Ohio infantry, MeGook'a corps,Vbtii
at that time attached to Thom a?**
[ corps, ou, our left' (your right.) -; The
[Confederates neat our part Of tl
Arkansas, Ti.ird and Fifth Confeder
ate, and Calvert's Arkansas battery.
I was kopi prisoner of war most of the
time p.t Atlanta, Ga., and on the 17th
of February, ldG4, was included in a
special exchange of prisoners (twenty
eight Yanks for twenty-eight John
nies,) all badly wounded. I would be
glad to hear from some of the boy6
who treated mc BO kindly on thc occa
sion referred to.
Conditions of Our Army Near the Close.
That terrible all day's battle, em
phasized as "the last battle of the
war," at West Point, Ga., under oom?
mand of Gen. R. C. Tyler, who waB
killed that day, will be recalled in
oonneotion with the following letter
to Maj. W. J. Slatter:
"In Bivouac near Augusta, Feb?
"My Pear Slatter: Seated by a
bivouac fire in the piny woods of
South Carolina, the blaok smoke from
a thousand lightwood fires ascending,
the cold, bleak winds blowing heavily
from the northwest, the dcviaion
(which I now am commanding, Bate's]
being inspeoted by brigade inspectior
t commanders, are my surroundings,
i The army of Tennessee extends be
. tween here and Charleston, and et
. route tc this and other points then
e has been some sk: -uishiog at severa
e points recently; .results indefinit?
1 generally. Wheeler fought th<
i Twentieth Yankee corpa and som<
i oavalry on Saturday and Sunday, re
e pulsing them handsomely on bott
? days. The fight was some fifteei
a miles from Augusta. I do not havi
d any idea how long this (Cheatbam's
- corps will be held here. Tho health
e of the troops is good; they need rest
t very much; discipline lax; reorganiza
i. tion wanted. System required, a nev
rr vigor instilled, which nothing bu
, reBt and discipline can impart. Ye
s the old army of Tennessee is a grant
?, organization; am proud to be a membe
of it, humble as I- may be. It is bom
posed principally of veteran troops
battle-scarred heroes, bronze-visaged
sturddy-sioewed, ir??-willcu, br_7?
and self-sacrificing. They are a nobb
band. It will be glory enough whet
peace shall onoe again smile upon ni
a,;.K ?lt VA. kl-?.*_.. mA tn tal
rtmmmm ?... s.w. vlVIUHg .V. rnrnm** ww -
my friends that in this revolution 1
was one of that army.
You have doubtless heard much ol
certain brigades and divisions, o? th?
part performed by them in the reoent
campaign into Tennessee, of tb?
bravery of this or bad ooud"ct ol
that, Many reflections have beet
oast on -> Division, feat ?rosa all ac
coasts I am eonet:eined to the belie!
that his division did as well as could
?.?onn?yn V.* a*na.t.J US?ST thc C.?
curds tances. In my own brigade, the
Tennessee consolidated regimeni,
numbering slout threo hundred and
fifty rieh, one hundred and eighty
threo were oaptuud while in line o?
bs.tle (in fi ont of Nashville) before
"The propriety of taking the negro
as soldiers is being discussed more or
I IOBB by the army; have not yet heard
t as yet sufficiently to form an opinion
I as to whether it he popular with the
army, but am sure that some promi
nent officers who were bitterly oppos
ed to it eighteen monthB y since are
now advocates for the plan. One
thing is certain, our army mast be
inoreased, the skulkers and deserters
must be returned, and every exertion
made hy those who cannot o o mo to
send them forward.
"My health continues good. Am
suffering considerably from my limb,
but am k hopes will be able io endure.
How are ail the good people of Troup?
My heart warms when I think of the
many kindnesses received at their
hands, and hope the ?day is not far
distant when I may bo permitted to
visit them once again. My .kindest
wishes to ml). Tender to your good
lady my salutations, and believe me
very truly, '/ v ' .....*. ;
R,,C. Tyler," '
-?. ' . Vi4f.-twr;i ., ; uftfo
. . Csa^erate Sharpshooter.
A pathetic incident of Memorial day
iriU .(w thej decoration of rn siegte
ghxo on t?-tf h??^o7pm ot F, P.
Blair, Sr., JGB? boyond Fort Stephens,
This lonely grave is thai of aa un
known Confederate Bharpshoote?, ihp
l*?% ?aas ?? ?fAy to fall daring Gun..
Jubal Ear?>i ?vano?; upon Wash
ington by tr. portion of the Army of
Northern Virginia ou July 10, i^.
: v GeneralIftifrljv fifa ?oiarcW,
_ -_ ---.v~^^r-rwj?g>^E
IM?Woos on the northero outskirts
unteers, District of Columbia Volun- l
tecrs, Colonel Alexander; tho Ninth ,
regiment, Veteran roserT corps, also
Captain Gibb's Ohio battery and Capt.
Bradbury's Maine battery, with a
force of government clerks who were
armed for the protection of the city of
These two foroes of blue and gray
confronted eaob other at first on tho
Piney Branch, midway between Wash
iogton and Fort Stephens.
Ewell's old corps encamped on the
farm of F. P. Blair, Sr.
The battlo that followed and the
assault on Kort Stevens is a matter of
history. It is well known that Presi
dent Lincoln ?stood upon tho ramparts
of Port Stephens until he was ordered
back by the cry of the Union soldiers,
"Lincoln to thc rear! Lincoln to the
j When thc famous Sixth army corps
appeared on the scene Karly began his
retreat on the night of July 12 and
the morning of July 13. The rear of
his retreating army was proteoted by
I a oloud of Confederate sharpshooters,
I most Mississippians, They dodged
J from bush to bush and tree to tree
I and fired with nnoering aim into the
I advancing columns of blue,
j The last of thsse sharpshooters to
I lose his life during that fsmous epi
I sode in history was a boyish Missis
j sippian, who had clambered into a
I greet tree near the famous Blair man
, 1 sion, and was picking off the Union
1 j officers. He remained too long en
I gaged in his game of death and a yoi
I ley from one of the advancing Union
r I companies brought him to the award.
, I His body remained there until the
II echoes of battle had died away in the
. ! distance. Then it was that the re
, I mains of this fair-haired Mississippi
. I boy were discovered by members of '
11 the Blair family. There wa9 nothing j
j j about him to indicate his name or j
11 place of residenoe.
i j He was buried by tender bauds bc
j j neath the tree which had been his
i j covert retreat while protecting the
. I rear of his commander's army. There
i I is not the remotest trace of his sase
i j or from whence he came, except in a
i I general way that he was a MiBsissip
) j pian, and perhaps for long years this
i I unknown soldier in gray has been
t I mourned by loving mother, father, and
- j relatives, who do not know upon
r I what battlefield of the South ho per
11 The lonely grave on the outskirts
11 of Washington has not, however, been
r I forgotten by loving hands.
-1 A little monument of white marble
, j marks the last resting plaoe of this
, j boy sharpshooter of the Southland,
5 ! and cn every recurring Memorial day
? j garlands of beautiful flowers are
11 placed upon the mound by tbe mom*,
s j bera of one of the most distinguish*
11 ed families of the State of Mary.
[ I land.
Today members of the Gonfeder&te
I sooiety of Washington will add their
) tribute to the unknown marksmau, in
t common with the grand family.which
j has provided him with snob a piotur*
F esque resting plaoe and sttoh a beau
i tifttl tribute in marble.-Washington
. Post, Ma-f 30. ' ..- g : :. |
The Battle of Kino'? Mountain,
In the straggle for our Amerloan
independence of Great Britain there
was no darker period than the sommer
and fail of tne year 1780.
It was a season of disaster and
gloom, of otter weariness and depres
After more than fou? years of bard
fighting the hope of victory , seemed
lesa than ever.
The British arms had triumphed in
South Carolina and Georgia and.tne
prospects for the independence of the
colonies loofesd slim indeed. " :.
There was no strong general Gov?
eminent. Where such Government
shct?d have boen them was a some
thing that leemod to work nothing
but chaos and confusion. ...\v
The finances were ia a deplorable
state. "Not wortha ron ti nen tal,"
was the way tho patriots expressed
the utter worthlessness of tbe'monoy
The army was small, ill fed; poorly
armed and clothed, aaa4 wi se heads
.knew perfectly well that of mah bad
ly equipped and dispirited instru
ments great reBults were, not in tho
nature of things to bo expected.
''.We have tbs Aserio an s at our
f eetl"., pi jd Itoraee Walpole.) m?p?i
courtier? about the throne; and even
old King George was seen to chuckle
?i'bas-:?Varo'^ lhe: 'desp?rimili^
to whieb ." tbs . Ame???naiwa?S?'"
dooedl ?.; SM^m
Bight on tho baok of tba *|topt**?
depression ?ame tba defs-effl^MaM
made the ?*0ple feelthat:<ej?? ?keir
high officers were, not ^.st^pi^
t?^'^t'Waahingtoa aside, ^tft?|
nb ons in wtiom they *ouId place im-1
??pg]?att?l? of King's mountain.
Cot3*W??PT hia ***** .
eys3 iowsrd North Carolina, BoU
?ifl?:; ?nt? - ;?w"??jw> w*sw? \T??q.' ?v^* ~
main away* ?0 ff?
North Carolina border when be found e
DUI that his march through the Tar e
Heel State was going to be anything
but a pionio. ?
The news of the British invasion i
spread far and wide and the patriotic
backwoodsmen began to aesemblo
from every point of the o om pas B.
From Virginia, from Tennessee,
from Norh Carolina, the farmers,
hunters and trappers gathered to har
rass the lieutenant of the hated
Fretty soon Ferguson made up his,
mind that ho would be mighty lucky
if he got back to Cornwallis alive.
Hard pressed by the patriots, wfco,
without order or suggestion from any
source, had gathered for tho fight.
(Ferguson threw his force upon the
top of King'B Mountain, a ridge about
half a mile long, approached on three
sides by rising ground, the other be
ing an unbroken precipice, too steep
Finding himself fairly fixed upon
this mountain stronghold, the British
commander cried out in-great glee to
his men, "Boys! there ain't enough
rebels outside of hell to drive us from
In the meantime the rebels were
preparing to do what he said thej
oould not do.
It was about 3 o'elook of she after
nooo of October 7, 1780., when th*
?mciiG??D reaohed the ravine belo?
the mountain. Tying their horsei
and dividing their force of one thone
andmen into three equal parto,they he
gan ascending the three sides of th
j mountain simultaneously.
There was no shouting or yelling
It was a quiet, resolute, determine
band that was marching up thoE
rooky slopeB. . They were there nt
to make a great noise, but to ki
Britishers-as voon as they oh oui
get the sight of them.
And presently they did get sigl
of them-and the rifles of the pa tri'
hunters and farmers seldom oraok(
The British charged again ai
again, but the backwoodsmen took
the trunks of the trees until the en
my's ranks were broken by the ir reg
lari ties of the ground wh^n they wou
begin picking them off again.
Fired on from all sides, by m
who seldom fired amiss, their lead
killed, their discipline of no av
against thc strange tactics of t
rebels, the British hoisted the wh
Of the British 389 were killed
wounded and the remaining 716 s
rendered, with. 1,500 stand of arms
The American loss was only
killed sud 60 wounded.
This battle, for whioh fco o lit
mention is made in our histories, i
the beginning of the ead -of the Bi
isa ?als?ale ?n America.
It inspired patriota everywhere w
the spirit of confidence ead paved ,
way for tho series of victories, t
led to the crowning triumph at Yo
town. ;!'/ v"'; . -
The whole nation abould join
building a mighty monument upon
granito summit of the Carolina mo
tains, for there, QD that bro we 9<
ber dny, ono hundred sod tfim$
years "??o7 the Southern fara
won the victory without whioh
United States might never have
isteft ? ? ? ? _ ' . ;
Last of Th? Buffaloes.
Sino? the beginning of tbai
wide-spread movement to preserve
buffalo ead. particularly oioco the
gaaizatioa of tho American Bison
eioty, it is intereuting to aonsider
discovery of tho animal, its life
tory and methods of exterminai
Although authorities differ on i
subject, the buffalo was probably 1
;Seen ? by white men in '] Anahaue,
Asteo capital of Mexico, ia ll
when Cortes and his mea paid t
first visi? to tho me&ageri?; )t m
Monteauma. Nino years later
animal was first seen in a wild stat
Southern Texas by '?% sbipwret
Spanish Bailor, who had very Hui
say about it beyond remarking tba
had oaten the flesh, , ,whighj in
judgment, was >iiner and sweeter t
tho meat to be had in Spain.
Crossed Arizona and Kew Mexico
i^?;^ihera^ par j t^: J
ronado's mau that the.??sfc piltt
description c^ the buffalo ?re give
f'fn$% ^??j^n^oes.; tpeirajft
this time T,O one know?, and pro*
shoresLbLtbe 'Oreat SUver ^
tou?hifiit ?he ^nt?e^o?ti otf
er lain times, notably io the breeding
esson, the animals gathered in count
loss thousands, darkening the earth
.s far as the eye could reach, when
it rest, and when in motion filling the
?ir with dust and villi the thunder
lotos of their galloping hoofs. Even
is late as 1871-less than thirty-five
pears ago-this animal was present in
this country in numbers almost beyond
A faint idea of the vast hordes
which made the prairie tremble be
neath their tread at thai time may be
had from an account gives us by Gol.
R. I. Dodge in his "Plains of tho
"In May, 1871," ho says, "I drove
in a light wagon from old Fort Zara
to Fort Lamed, on the Arkansas, 31
milos. At least 25 miles of tho dis
tance was through an immense nord,
composed of countless smaller herds
of buffalo thou on their journey north.
The road ran along the broad level
'botton' or Talley of the river.
"The whole, country appeared one
great mass of buffalo, moving slowly
to the northward; and it was only
whoa actually among them that it
could be ascertained that the appar
ent solid mass was au agglomeration
of innumerable email herds of from
50 to 200 animals, separated from tho
surrounding herds by greater or leas
apace, bot still separated."
It is conservatively estimated that
Gol. Dodge saw at least 500,000 buf
fo! o OB, and tho GO but a frsotion of &
great herd of at least 4,000,000, an
array greater in pumber than ?ll the
men, women and ohildren of greater
New York put together. The Indians'
of some of the tribes used to think
that the buffaloes issued from the
earth iu a never failing stream, and
indeed it might readily seem difficult
j to account for euoh numbers in any
other way, Is it any wonder that
many men believed that it was quite
impossible to exterminate the bison?
Tot in the short space of a dozen I
years from* tho date on which Coi.
Dodge passed through that herd of
4,000,000, the buffalo had oeased to
exist as wild animals , in this conn- m
The buffalo was gregarious in Hi sf
habits, and at a oertain season tho
herds were larger and more compact
than at others. Especially was this
true of the breeding season, whioh >
came chiefly in July and August; then
YJiBt hordes gathered on the plains,
whioh were the scenes of -the greatest
activity for ssveral weeks, daring
whioh the roaring of the . bulls was
continuons, and could be. heard for
miles. There was siso much fighting
it.?? Uni!* . At***. V.rr.fiwir.r
ouiuuQ suv arie.ftw. <ft*s.?VA UUU OIUOUIIIJ
season the herds beeame leas densely
mossed. The compact herds dissolv
ed into groupa of from twenty to a
hnndrad or twOg ?ad the nsnal pasco*
ful life-was resumed.
There ia no doubt - that buffaloes
were migratory, but their migrations
were probably net nearly so extensive
aa many'people have supposed. In
their ordinary wanderings, buffaloes
frequently traveledfar M?f Um
; water, but ap they beoamo thirsty the
herd woiiloV start in ? Beeron of aome
ep???g ot W?Wr course. ? The prinoi
f?? Ittiii usually lilfftM u?tu and
south, afl? eotme?tfld the fifef? f MflSf
in tho main, r?? 'mi ?t? west. Suck
trails fllBO led to tho gt?&i ??lb iicfc?i
j auch aa the Big Bone Lick in Ken
tucky, which waa frequented by buf
faloes in great numbera up to the lia
ginniog of the la?t century, whoo, of
course,; the animal disappeared for
everfrom the country east of the Mis
Gonaiiering the great' weight of the
animal, the gallop of - the buffalo ia a
very easy, elastic movement. In tho
' wild, state tb e ; - buffalo was a very-sure
footed animal and a good elimbor.' It
not only ascended s te Bp mountains,
along- carrow ledges, whore it would
have boen, impoasibl? for a horas Or
jaiaia^^^ have follywad, but
was able to lesp ^ownwardi|?? placot
wSere there was a ' sheer deaaent ot
jseyerai feet and; alight Sn .safety on
the rooks below. V-l''. l^.y
;''i:The ' buffalo now in : Corbin Park,
Undying them for the .past twp years,
Wao^rae of ^ points of i?roy-J
do^ mountain, and I have ?een iii
leaping^ nimbly do**. '
J^Pl?Hl've feet above
? ; . ,?' . 'VIP ? 'S*"
00. tor a Home,
Jd not be ? large _