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AIKEN ON ?GRI(
Urges Hore Liberal Support ol
Mr. Aiken: Mr. Chairman, while I
am not a member of the Agricultural
Committee, I feel tho deepest interest
in all that pertains to agriculture and
to any legislation looking to its ad
I desire to direct special attention
to a certain provision of the agricul
tural bill, and incidentally to refer to
tho general matter of appropriations
for agricultural purposes.
Tho item of the agricultural appro
priation bill which authorizes thc ex
penditure of $20,000 "to further de
velop the dairy industry of the South
ern States by conducting experiments,
holding institutes,' and giving object
lessons in dairying," a separate prop
osition incorporated in the bili at the
instance of my colleague (Mr. Lever),
is a good measure, and I wish to ex
press my i .earliest indorsement of it.
The only objection that I have to the
measure is thut the amount appropri
ated is too smal?. Sui many meas?
ores which prove to be of the greatest
importance have had just such a small
beginning and so this one, onoe its
advantages have been impressed upon
the public mind, may findjnore libera]
eupport in Congress.
There aro many advantages whiob
B peouliarly recommend the South GB a
dairying section; and that this is not
one of itB ohief industries, to-day is
due more to the lack of information
on the subject than to any other
cause. ..*'. ' ' -
Perhaps one of ?e greatest advan
tages that the South offers as.a dairy
ing section is the cheapness of land and
the o paree hess of its population. Pas
ture lands are necessary for profitable
dairying, and pasture lands come pret
ty high at forty and fifty dollars per
acre, tho oommon price in populous
In South Carolina we have some
19,000,000 acres of land, of which only
about 6,000,000 acres are in cultiva
tion, and South Carolina perhaps
offers little' advantage over other
Southern States in this particular.
More than two-thirds' of '4ar .'abd is
idle, in a measure profitable : ?or the
lack of sufficient farming population.
A large per cent of this land is well
adapted to pasturing for beef and
dairying purposes, i If only our farm
ers oouid he brought to realise the
profits of dairying as an independent
industry these lands, now unprofita
ble, would furnish a new source of
wealth to that section; or if dairying
could be carried on more extensively
or more systematically as an adjunct
to the well conducted farm, the advan
tage to tho farmer in land building as
well as in receipts from dairying pro
ducta would make it well worth his
While. ; V'y]
' Host of . the Southern States have a
luxuriant growth of natural grass that
ia green', nine or ten months of the
year; and in my own State Bermuda
and many other introduced grasses
grow in perfection. Th? bay front
Bermuda; grass is unexcelled in the
world. This 1dan personally vonoh
"While graea ?one bannet be relied
Oa for profitable dairying it is an es
sential and properly used with cotton
B?wu ???is tv?d.????l produces splendid
results. ! T?e aatural grasses of South
Carolina would furnish ample pastor?
ago for great herda': : of ;loitt!s? m
months iUvth?"yea|.' : $o Sxteusive
effort has eyer been m ade to grow-win
ter grasses, but in thousand of yards
and lawns ra ay bo seen a practical da
monstration of the fact ?iati?lue grass
atti lawn grass both grr?w there b?sd
ti^idl^^d^-p^pw conditions. ; ::,
The great difficulty with our South
ern people bas been the one crop idea;
and so p/c?table hes been this crop
for tho past few year3 that they have
ubt'|PeJ|t^the.-neeossity^ for diversifica
' ? The man who ie doing well
wiping: cotton never thinks that h^i
might do better raising something
Even il* local deme^d.>for daby
at, aaostCprofltable priocs, coming Xt?m
i.Sud a, ?mali town in the 8oja.ih tbal
bas not had Us pariodleal butter faa
ice, and yet- nature -ins '^^^^Ittil
:;::v?l^t?ltt?^^ cbjeet ?etMai
has b?en dose by ,O?#?awn A^r#
ds^s^^f^^'W .'t?. so?s^^P
'snd^-'is^ are ;jtwwtfoi?j
f tho Agricultural Department.
far exceeds the supply. With the
possible exception of the corn crop, no
single farm product rcaohes this stu
pendous amount. Tho South could
easily add at least 30 per cent to this
amount without the loss of a single
dollar from its present souroos of rev
enue. The Government could not
spend money to better advantage than
in encouraging this industry there,
and in instructing tho people in its
For agricultural purposes I favor
tho most liberal appropriations. The
products of the soil, and that which
goes with tho ordinary farm, consti
tute the basis of our wealth; all oise
is but so much margin on the crudo
products. What blood is, coursing
through tho veins and arteries of the
human system, that the farm product
is distributed through the great rail
road lines of this country. Esch car
rier in its composition tho life-sus
- The various farm produots of the
United States last year aggregated the
stupendous sum of $6,415,000,000,
and eaoh year brings sn increase of
over $250,000,0.00. Literally we feed
and olothe the world, furnishing, as
we do, more than 30 per cent of the
grain, a still larger per cont of the
meat, and fully 80 per oent of tho aot
ton ?f the world. In th* past six
years the farmers have secured a bal?
ance of trade amounting io $5,635,
000-.000. . ..
Tho Government is year by year
"lengthening its cords and strength
ening UB stakes." Is it not tho part
of wisdom to lend every encourage
ment to that whioh constitutes the
basis of its strength, if. not its very
life? Surely, "there i s a giving that
enrioheth and a withholding that im
:' Although agriculture stands incom
parably first in the production v of
wealth, it oooupies the lowest place in
the scale of appropriations. A'state
ment prepared by Senator Allison,
covering the average annual appropri
ations as well as the aggregate appro
priations for various purposes for the
paet six years, will doubtless prove of ;
interest, and hence I give it here;
PURPOSES ?P APPROPRIATION.
. i -.-.- -. ?":':.; *'?';*. ,? ? i. .,
Total sha yrs. Annual Av.
Ap. for all purpftae?~...?lI694.2251982 S7?0.C07.CS3
P. O. Department......... S62,36G,1CS 147.1S1.08I
Feiioioni....................... 810,781.090 141,101.618
AnajM.MM.......?.MM.. 515.74G.106 O0,057.C3i
l?avy.................... 602,817,088 88,719,610
?andry CitU Kxp._ a37.401.785 51,3CG,053
?5i?wMT? Sq^Mw?. 189,430,711 ?3,575, J18
RlTCr and harbor....... 115,741,764 19,190,688
Indian!-.................. 62,177,078 S,766,2C2
Fortifications............... 43,801,695 7,250,182
Agricultural.................. S2,5*5,0S0 , 0,424,189
Occupying tho position of the first
nation of the world as a producing
people, we aire almost parsimonious in
the appropriations whioh go to build
up the farming interests.
' With farming interests more exten
sive than those of/.benighted Russia,
we spend less than one-third the
; amount espended by that country for
agricultural purposes. A oompara
ti ve statement1 of the amounts spent
by the leading powers shows this
Government up in very bad light.
Russia spends $25,000,000 annually;
Fran?e, $9,000,000; Austria, ' $9,275,
000;4HuBgary, $9,400,000; while ihe
United States, With ita vast area and
;. diversified farming, calling tot the
; ;m?>afc " so??iiSno methods, spends lesa
.then $7,000,000. Snob has been the
yield of our virgin soil, no matter how
uoeeientiflo 'oar methods, thai.?the
Government for many years overlook
' ed tho ' necessity of establishing an'
Agricultural Department wprtby of
. the name.
From tho Carnation of th? Govern
meot the demands of agriculture havo
baen forced, inch by iu?h, upon the
unwilling ears, df ; Congress. There
was not an agricultural bureau until
1839; and af ter thBt tiuio, even lo the
year 3889, owing to inadequate appro
' priatioBS, it was little more-than a
'.i boreau. : In 188$ the real'
' 'farni?^t^W'V , :.-'-v.'...'''?^W8
Proverb* th? World Orer.
Tho wit ?nd wisdom of proverbs sro
olsd in different garb in different
countries, bot they aro all very much
the esme. Identioal ideas arising in
dependently in widely separated na
tions aro not necessarily expressed in
intertranslatablo forms. They usu
ally derive, says the Loudon Globe, a
cen sin quaintness from the manners
and customs of tho people who uso
Thus, tho old Greek proverb, "The
master's eyo makes tho horse fat,"
has many different renderings. Tho
Haytians express it with local color
ing, "Tho garden far (from tho mas
ter's house), tho gumbo spoils."
?gaiu, tho familiar idea whioh we set
forward in tho following way, "You
can't get blood from a stone or from a
beet, or brocks from a Highlandor,"
is rendered in tho West Indies as
"The pumpkin vino does net yield the
oalabash." Even ia regard to tho
matter of "going before tho break"
tho East Indian and tho West Indian
have parallel expressions, for whore
tho former says of a friend that he
was ''pinohed," tho latter observes
that they "pressed his tail."
In order to establish tho sisterhood
of proverbs it is only neceasary to
take a fow touches of nature which
make the whole world kin and regard
them from the various national ss*
peots. The classical but homely
truth, "Drive ont nature with a pitch
fork, and she will return," orops ont
in many a negro tribe in quaint forms,
such as the following: "A man that
keeps the birds away keeps them
away." The idea convoyed by "He
needs mu at gc whom tho devil drives"
is universally recognized. Some tribes
patti, "Tbs stomach has no ears,"
others, "The empty bag cannot stand
j Tho idoQ we. express in tho words,
"Only the wearer knows where the
i shoe pinohes," is convoyed quito as
I aptly by the Swahili in his proverb,
"Only tho dead man knows where the
grave is too narrow." Seafaring tribes
say "Tho bottom of tho ship knows
best how theses presses." Our fa
miliar sayings about "running after
two hares" and "falling between two
stools" are again paralleled and cap
ped by tho Zambesi proverb "Thc
rider of two horses splits asunder."
ThiB quaintness of setting forth
often "goes one better" on our home?
ly proverbs. Our saying "Don't, dc
asido, do as I tell yon" is good;
but the Dutch "The monk preschet
against thieves with the goose in hit
larder," or the American "When thc
lawyer gets the fowl stealer acquitted
be is paid in fowls," is better, bat thc
Spanish parallel is quaintest of all,
"The friar condemns the thief with thc
padding np his sleeve." Where wc
say "If you want a thing done clo il
yourself" the West Indian gets t
shade ahead-of us wi*-h ^h** ?^**?"=
"Send a dog, and the dog will send
' The same advice is given in a still
better form by the Armenian who ob
serves, "If you ?end a messenger 01
an errand go with him.". And thc
astute unbelieving Chinaman who,
Uko his proverbial image maker, putt
no faith either in the gods or the mes
sengers of the gods, I 'for he knowe
what they are made of," sums up thc
situation in a way that is perhaps at
correct as it is sweeping. "If yoi
wanta thing done," he says, "gc
yourself; if not, send."
Il There is probably no better prover!
in the English language than "Stall
waters run deep." No other nat?os
"goes one better" than this, thongs
many come near it. The Turk says,
"Distrust the water that dosi not war
bje, and the bird that dosi not chirp."
Thia lacks the element of parados
which occurs in our English render
ing. The African parallel has more
cf ?hat element. "Beware of thc
silent matt," ti rana; "he has a bras,
band in his mouth" ; and a mon
southern tribe1 puts the idea squall?
well in the shape of "Silenoe hath s
mighty noise." .
On the sub j e c t of woman it go e ?
without saying that all the nations ol
the earth formed the sagat? opinion ol
thc fair sox long, long ago, and up tc
the present none of them have aee'a
any reason to alter that opinion, but
whether the opinion in which they all
concur is concealed or rey^?d-'"!"
pro verbs, it would be an insrjfc to thc
iver's reason ,an^
to whisper, "If a man loses a woman
and a farthing ho will miss tho farth
ing"; the Fronohman pauses between
his absinthes to remark, "A woman of
gold is worth a man of straw" ; the
negro medicino man swears to his
tribo, "Women are words, doods aro
men" ; the Persian assorts that "Wo
men and dragons aro host out of the
world" ; tho Gorman contends that
"Whorover there ia mischief brewing,
a woman and a priest aro at the bot
tom of it" ; ond that "Thoro aro only
two good women in tho world; ono is
dead and tho other is missing."
After bo had fallen upon his kneen ,
and kissed her hand sho said:
"Beforo I auswer yes or no there
aro some things I would Uko to ask
you. Do ;'H over drink or gam
'No," ho eagerly replied. "I do
not know what tho tasto of liquor is.
I havo never defiled my lips with to
bacco. I have never uttered a profano
word in my lifo. I have never oven
played ouohro whore a prize was at
Sho looked at him thoughtfully for
a moment, drow a long sigb, and then
"Have you ever broken a woman'B
"Ah, how can you ask mo that?"
he almost reproachfully answered. "If
I had evor spoken a word of love to
another I would not deem myself
worthy to touch tho hem of your
garmont. I have never oared for any
woman except my. mother. I < have
never given any girl oauso to utter a
sorrowful sigh. Yours is tho first
door, soft little band that I have ever
held in my own. Never beforo to
night havo 1 looked into auy girl's
oyes as I am looking into your deep,
soulful eyes. .Never"
"Oh, dear," sho impatiently inter
rupted, drawing her hand away from
him. "It's after 8 o'clock, and you
shouldn't be so far away from homo
at this timo of night. Wait a min
ute, pleaso, aud I'll seo if I can't
get my brother Tom to go with you.
Your mamma must bo terribly wor
ried. "-Chicago Record-Herald.
- Opportunity knocks at every
man'B door but a lot of men aro so
busy doing a little "knocks" them
selves that they fail to hoar oppor
Boars tte _vyIbo Kted You Hara Always Bought
Three Big Floors of Merchandise Filled to the Brim !
$?5f000.00 WORTH OF NEW MERCHANDISE !
Tho Oldest and Reliable House in Anderson
County, tho Famous :
JUST THINK 1 This House ia over a half century old 1 Always
given satisfaction, and always will.
Now, good friends and customers, we are going to Bay ii you are out
hunting a pretty Dress or a beautiful Ladies' Hat we can fit you up to the
We have three large floors covered with beautiful Goo da.
On the first floor you will find everything in Domestics-suoh aa Sheet*
ing, Shirting, Checks. Oalicoea, Oil Cloth. On this floor we also have *
beautiful Skirt and Suit Department.
On the main floor you will find a "beautiful line of up-to-date Dress
Goods in Wool and Cotton. Men's and Ladies' Shoss and Slippers, also
Men's and Children's Shoes, Ladies' Waists, Embroideries, Laces and No
lu our Millinery Department we have a magnificent line of Ladies' and
Children's Hats. All the Ladies tell us we have tho prettiest and cheapest
Hats in Anderson, so don't forget to see us on this lina,
On the third floor you will find a splendid line of Men's and Boys' High
Grade Clothing at prices to snit your pocket-book. A beautiful line of
Boya'Knee Suits from 98o to 8150.' /
See our line of Men's and Boys' Negligee Shirts and Ties.
If you ara contemplating taking a trip this Summer soe us on Trunks,
We sell more Trunks than any other house in Anderson.
Tours for a big Spring business, ^
LESSEE SB CO.,
LEADERS OP LOW PRICES,
FRED. G. BROWN, Pres. and Treas. | B. F. MAULDIN, Vice President
A. 8. FARMER, Secretary.
Anderson Real Estate
and Investment Go.,
?fel Bi| teft M!
This Esiab?isumont hos been Selling
IN ANDERSON for raore than forty yoara. During all that time eompotitorfl
hayo como and gone, but wo havo remained right hero. We have ?ilwoys bold
Cheaper than any others, and during thoBO long years \to have not had ono dis
satisfied oustomer. Mistakes will sometimes ocour, and if at any time w?
found that a customer was dissatisfied we did not rest until we had mauo him
satisfied. This polioy, rigidly adhered to, has made us friends, Iru? and last
ing, and wo can say with pride, but without boasting, that we have the confi
dence of tho pcoplo of this section. We have a larger Stock of Gooda thia
season than wc have ever had, and we piedlo vou our word that we have never
sold Furniture at as close a margin of pr^f.t as we aro doing now. This ia
proven by tho fact that we aro selling Furniture not only all over Anderson
County but in every Town in the Piedmont section. Como and seo us. Your
parents saved money by buying from us. and you and your children can savo
money by buying I ?e too. We carry EVERYTHING in the Furniture linc,
(G, F. TOLLY & SON. Depot Street.
The Old Reliable Furniture Dealer?
I). S. VANDIVBR.
J. J. MAJOR.
E. P. VANDIVER.
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR
-DEALERS IN -
Vehicles SLUCL JEIctrxiess !
SEE US ON
If you owe us past due paper be
sure to see us promptly. : : : :
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
Ntrar is a good time to buy a new Buggy and Harness
and we want you to look at our large stock of the latest and
beBt up-to-date sty leB, and it will be no trouble for yu to
make a selection. Our work is all sold under gu?rante J. We
have extra bargains to offer. Give us a trial. Our prices are
low and terms to suit.
TH? J. S. FOWLER COMPANY.
F. S.-We havo a few last Fall's Jobs to go at Cost.
THE SOUTH'S GREATEST SYSTEM!
UJO excelled Dining Car Service.
Through Pullman Sleeping?Cars?on all Trains J? H
Convenient Schedules on all Local Trains.
g? WINTER TOURIST RATES are now In effect to all Florida Pointe
For full information as to rates, routes, etc., consult ne ar CE t Southern
Railway Ticket Agent, or
R. W. HUNT, Division Passenger Agent,'Charlee toi,, S..O- ,
SR COKS MORGAN, A IBU Gen. Pas, Agent, Atlanta, Ga.
. i 1 i
ONE CAB OF HOG FEED.
Have just received one Car Load of HOG FEED
(Shorts) at veiy close prices. Come before^they^are
all gono. Now is the time for throwing
Around yonr premises to prevent a case of fever or
some other disease, that will cost you very much more
than tho price of a barrel of Lime ($1.00.) We have
a fresh shipment in stock, and will be glad to send?yon
some, If yon contemplate building a barn or any
other building, Bee us b?ibre buying your
CEMENT and LEKE3
"SE AB we sell the Tery^bestlqaalitiesConly.;
A LONS LOOK AHEMS
A man thinks it ia when the matter *of lifo '
ineoiraee suggests itself-bet dronjnsten>
v est of lats hive oho wu how life hangs by a
thread when war, flood, hurricane and firs
suddenly overtakes you, and the only way v
io bs sure that you? family is protected in
ease of calazsity overtaking yon is to In?
?ure in a solid Company like
The Mutual Benefit Life Ins. Co?
Drop in and see us about it
V Peoples' Bank Building, ANDERO.
. C v '? ' . .. .. -y - '!' ? , "'; ;.? V ..; . ... . . . I 'l