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Grand Spectacles but
Comparatively few, perhaps, of
those who may read this have person
ally experienced thc dangcrd and often
fearful destruction wrought hy thc
prairie fires of earlier days in thc
West, and which even now frequent
ly sweep the vast prairies west of thc
Missouri and the rivers of thc North.
From earliest childhood to manhood I
was familiar with this demon cf the
prairies, and no recollection of pion
eer experiences stands out so clearly
as those couneeted with these fiery
From tho earliest settlement of tins
TCgion down to perhaps 1S75 or later
destructive prairie fires annually vis
ited us in northern Iowa, and they
were especially severe during tho falls
' ' of 18G2 and 18?7. None of the old
'pioneers will ever forgot those terrible
fires. During tho earlier years thc
fires were, of course, fiercer and wild
, . !er, but not BO destructive, for the
reason that tho country then was so
sparsely settled. Houses, grain and
haystack;!, and sometimes stook and
people, wero destroyed by thoss wild
fires. Every fall, and perhaps spring,
the vast prairies would be swept by
the fires, and they kept the settlers in
constant fear and dread. More than
once did we como near being burned
out, or having much property destroy
ed. After the first one or two hard
< frosts in the fall, and even up until
the snow came tho settler looked for
and expected these visitation. All
the long weeks during the fall the air
would be hazy with smoke from tho
prairio fires either near by or far away,
and always accompanied by that pe
culiar odor of burned wild grass.
There was a sense of wildness and
danger about all this that, in spite of
the anxiety and dread which each ono
shared, lent a charm to the soeno.
The settler would break a fow furrows
around his homo, hay and grain
stacks, and then a second line of fur
rows five or ten roda from thc first'
one, and then during a quiet day
would set fire to tho wild grass be
tween theee two strips and burn it off.
This waa hin fire break. But often
the fire would come sweeping along at
!. . a racehorse gait, jump the fire-break
as easily as though it w?a only an In
dian trail and destroy everything in
its path. The fire gathered wind,
and when the grass- was heavy and
tall, it waB on the lower ground in
esrly days, it was terrible and nothing
could stand before it.
The fire always burned and advanced
in a broad V-shaped form, broadening
. Sud widening as it. advanced, and
would sometimes jump twenty to forty
rods, catch and continue on. A great
prairie fire would sometimes advance
with the mad rush of the wind miles
^-,'^and miles over the oountry, when the
V V ' ? wind would suddenly shift and blow
} ' ' -J from a contrary direction, compelling
' it to baok-fire or burn against the
wind. This waa watched day and
night by the settlers, as they knew
only too Well that any momorit the
I wind might chango and the fire come
j on again in its mad rush,
l&M Well do I remember how night after
night wo would watch the distant
fires, ready at a moment's notice with
bundles of hasel bruah, mops and wet
rags to begin backfiring to save our
or another's property; and distinctly
do I recall what fierce times we would
have fighting the flames, sometimes
all day long and far into the night.
The flames would momentarily beoome
le?B fierce as the wind died down, and
then beecze up again, and only too
of ten the fire would spread with re
newed fury over the ground w? had
gained,and we would all bo compelled
to run and wait our chance to fight it
sgain. Inoh by inoh we would gain
upon it, only to be overwhelmed by
? it and compelled to retreat again?
The men, women and children had to
fight for dear life. Sometimes wo
would conquer, sometimes not. AU
were nearly roasted and! blistered by
the fierce heat and blackened by the
But home and all we held dear de
pended upon it, and all must fight
< and we did. Beyond the prairies!
; wera b?aek and,, dead, covered with
aahea of the Wed grass, and whirl
winds pst?ed lither end thither, cat
rylng greatblaekcolumna ?fashesfar|
Jp?? '? np into the say, ?j Thereat m?pip!
?immer a* ta %??pM
Terrible to Pioneers.
ling of thc flames ?ia they rushed
through the tall grass and thc heavy
billows of smoke were indeed appall
ing, and only by tlio.se accustomed to
such wild scones of danger and de
struction could they bc faced. In
spite of all elf or ts, soinetiines tin: set
tler's home and all bc possessed on
earth would be swept away, and all
he would have left would bc the few
smouldering ruins on th?- prairie.
One day, about th*.: middle of Oc
tober, 185'J, one of our neighbors, a
Mr. Whitney, had observed a prairie
firo a few miles away to thc southeast
and had anxiously watched it, but as
tho wind was in the opposite dircctiou
and it was backing against tho wind,
they did not apprehend much dangor
from it for a few hours, so his family
sat down to oat. While they were at
tho meal emoko began to pour into the
room, and on looking out they found
they were surrounded by tho prairie
fire and the east part of their bouso
was ablaze. The wind had suddenly
veered to tho southeast without their
noticing it, and tho fire bad como
down*on them with terrible speed.
They were forced to break tho win
dows and olimb out of thom to Bave
thoir lives. Everything was destroy
ed, together with a pen of hogs and
hay and grain stacks standing near.
These fires would often burn for
weeks in the sloughs where the peat
was more or lops dry, and was thus a
standing menaoe to the settlor, ready
at acy moment to break out again,
provided thero was yet moro grass to
A prairie fire at night was a wild
and grand sight, and one watching it
at a distance of a mile or two could
easily imagine ho saw scores o?, In
dians moving rapidly along tho line
an allusion oauBed by the Bwiftly
changing height of tho fiamos.
Every spring and fall the evening
sky would be lit up by the lurid glow
of innumerable prairie fires all around
and the air would be loaded with
their smoke. Tho fires would be
started in various wayB. Sometimes
people out of pure cussedness and the
desire to soe it burn would start them,
while sometimes they would be start
ed by ? ot ti ns away from the settler as
he was attempting to burn a fire
break around his cabin, hay and grain
stacks, and again the Indians Would
The street oar conductor nerved
himself for the approaching battle:
"Madam," he said, stepping along
side the elderly passenger wi\\h the
aggressive novo, thin lips and ?harp
ohin, "you'll have to pay fare for that
"Certainly]" she answered, open
ing her purse and taking out a coin.
"I expeoted to pay for him, sir. Do
I look like a person that would try
to beat the company out of three
"Madam,** he grasped, "you dol
That's what fooled mel"-Chicago
Something to Brag About.
Mrs. Jones a?d Mrs. Brown were
bosom friends. It waa astonishing
what a lot they knew about other
The conversation turned in the di
rection of a Mrs. THtlesay, a new ar
rival in the next street,
j . "I hear she's suffering from appen
dicitis," deolared Mrs. Brown.
"Suffering!" eohoed Mrs. Jones
"Why, yes, didn't you know tbat?"
asked Mrs. Brown.
"Yes, I heard she had got appendi
citis," replied Mrs. Jones, "but, Lori
judging by the way they bragged
aboutit I thought it waa some sort of
piano player. What ia it anyway?*'
-London Answers. - _ (;.
It ie fro bc hopea that persona with
a ghastly<t&?tt forjokiog may ia some
w&y enjoy their knerry JeatB after they
ed, played a o joke os her heirs which
*o??4 ?ot hs wty possibility kopo
aa eajoy i$iWJitioW
*?!**2h ?fe?*?? ^w^" ^^ "
posited a box with, a Toront? trust
tmomfot safekeeping. She men
tioned H in her wfl( sad aJW
death the lawyers repreaeaUnAT elaim
--t? to t*e e^ -
Searching for Meteorites Sunk lu the
A meteorite is sometimes referred
to as a "shooting star." So it appears
to be wheo its light flashes across the
heavens in o for* necondB of time and
with human sight.
It eau hardly be r>;!!?d a star,
though, a? it is without a Axed orbit
aud is really a wanderer io thc heav
ens, not Anding a permanent location
until it comes within the influence of
sonic powerful planet which draws it
in and Btopd its (light. .
Thc most commonly accepted mod
em theory of meteorites is that they
arc masses of molten matter cast ott
from some planet or fragments of
planeta which, through unknown
forces, have exploded, and the pieces
been sent through space at an enor
mous rate of speed.
As astronomers have been able to
calculate the speed of meteorites, a j
number have crossed the sky above
tho earth at rates of speed varying
from r>,(JU() to 10,000 miles per minute,
a flight wholly inconceivable by mau,
whose highest achievement haB been
to produce a locomotive or an electric
car which can make two miles in one
minute, or 120 miles an hour.
That meteorB frequently strike tho
earth, there is no question. In faot,
the volcanic region of Arizona and
New Mexico i& studded with "meteor
holes," created by thc impact of these
fiery wanderers with the earth's sur
face. Near Sunshine station, Arizo
na, a few miles from the main line of
tho Santa Fe Railway, a meteor which
struck the earth in some unrecorded
time is buried 1,600 feet underground.
Diamond drills have determined that
it is looatcd there, and that it is com
posed of nickel-iron, olivine, and the
other metals common to all meteors.
The hole whioh the meteor made whon
it struck is 600 feet in depth, and
covers 160 acres; tho meteor is 1,000
feet further in the earth than the
depth of tho hole itself, and has beon
covered by shifting sands and the
ages of water woBh of the region.
The deprossion made by this re
markable fall is on a high plateau or
mesa. The Smithsonian Institute at
Washington has, iu tho national mu?
scum, ono meteorite, found at Canyon
Diabolo, Arizona, uncovered in 1891,
and whioh weighs nearly 4,000 poundB.
At Ash Fork, and in its vicinity,
there are several more meteoric holes
in the earth. Though not so largo as
the one at Sunshiua- they are none the
less interesting. Ose st Pine Vota
station, eight miles west of Ash Fork,
is 300 feet deep and 200 feet aorosB
the rim, with perpendicular walls in
closing it that pass 100 feet through
lava rook, the balance, the lower por
tion, being through red sandstone of
massive layers. Located OD a level
plain, it has startled more, than one
cowboy who has ridden ?uddenly upon
The chief nniontifio voluo of meteo
rites is the analysis of them which
may be had to determino the mineral
composition of planets other than the
earth, It is impossible to know from
what distant worlds they came, but
they have been studied sufficiently to
show that tho planets whioh whirl
about us night after night are but
slightly different, if at oil, from ours,
in their component parts.
Zeb Vaneo Story.
Joe Duowortb, a big and genial
manager of the Williamston Oil and
Roller mills, was in a group engaged
in telling Zeb Vanee stories around a
'phone pole here yesterday. '* He con
tributed a now one, saying that when
the redoubtable Tar Heel Governor
was in the United States 8eoate.be
was interrupted several times in a
v ry annoying way by a Senator from
Rhode Island,. who was slight and
short of physique.
Finally the big Carolinian, exasper
ated beyond control, thundered: "Mr.
President, I think it's a pretty how
dedo when a real man from "aa big a
Sute us North Carolina oan't make a
speeoh without being nagged ai and
worried by a runty man from a runty
little State. Why, I oould put him
in my vest pocket, sad if I wished I
could jump half way aoross his dinky
"The Senator from North Gasolina
is out of order," ruled the chair.
"?es, sir/* replied Vanee, "I know
Fm ont of order. If I wasn't I could
jump all the away aoross the dratted
Their Fishing Companion.
Two little Southern boyo, who were
brought to Washington early in 1872, i
having tired of city ?ights, used to
wander dtfwn to a pool in the mead- i
ows near thc then unfinished mona- i
ment and fish for tho minnows that <
A short man with a grayish beard,
stooping slightly, used to join them
at first only occasionally, but in time
HO often that thc lads came co expect
him, and became as friendly as chil
dren will with persons much older.
On one occasion the boys annouueed
that the next day they wsre going to
Bee thc President, General Grant, ride
in procession on his way to bo inau
gurated a second time.
I They were much excited over it,
and cager to seo the President. Their
silent f.iend seemed interested, and
learned ;hat they and their parents
v."".uld Bit on a stand at a ccrtaiu point
of the route.
"Well, I'm going to see the pro
cession myself," he said, with a queer
Hinilo, "and if I can, I'll try to see
you," ho said as he went away.
The next day the lads were in their j
placee long bofere there was any need.
After military and civic bodies had
passed came an open carriage drawn by
four horses, and in it sat the Presi
dent. He was looking for something,
seemingly, for he turned his head in
quiringly, besides acknowledging the
cheers of tho onlookers. At last he
seemed to have found what he want
ed. He was looking right at the two
As for them, they were standing
up almost bursting with excitement.
"Father! Mother! Look! That's the
man we go fishing with! Look! The
man iu the Carriage with the four
"But that's the President, hoys!"
protested the parents, horrified at the
"Wo can't help it! That's the man
we go fishing with!'' the boys oriod.
And they were right; for as tho o ar
ri ago passed their stand, President
Grant waved his hand to the boys-a
special wave to them-aud bowed to
their mother and father.
"Didn't we; say so? There now!"
cried the boys.
"It's President Grant," said their
"Well, it's tho ra;u that we go fish
ing with, even sf it is the President*"
And it was.
The Prolific Fly.
The biologist brushed a fly out of
his orard. .
''It is early for these pests," he
said. "I wish we could exterminate
flies. They are as ?seles and ns harm
ful aa snakes.
"And how prolificV From June to
Bop tomb or the average fly mother ao-*
cumulates e famity of 2,000,000 chil
dren. J' all the ao children lived, the.
flies would crowd mankind off the
"But flies, as it fortunately hap
pens, are particularly affiioted with
microscopio parasites and with innum
erable sorts of germ diseases. The BO
things kill them off and they are also
killed off by birds, bats and toads. '
"An odd fact about flies is that
they never sit down. They could if
they would-their hind legs would
fold under them like a dog's cr ;a
horse's. But, no; nb sitting dow?for
Mr. Fly. Ho comos into the world
on bis feet, and on his feet he de
parts. . Think of it, nol to sit down
once from; birth to $eathI"~#ew Orr
.; j ' i ' , ! mu m ?ii A ' j YA, A '
V t-Too many spend so much time
getting ready that they ruo out of
time beforo they begin. j
. A.AAA^fftA A-1A Aida m%
Great Loas In window Glass.
Because of the destruction of a vast
imount of business structures in San
Pranoisco and also of the entire re
serve supply of window glass in that
city, the window glass market of the
country has assumed a new phase and
probably one of tho most unique in
Tho demand for window glass bas
been on a higher level during tho laBt
winter and spring than at any time.
Just when the manufacturers were
preparing to close factories for the
warm weather the San Francisco dis
aster came and wiped out a largo re
serve stock of glass and opened a
great market in thc refitting of thous
ands of windows in the stricken city,
HORT to meet that extra demand has
now become a problem.
It was estimated this week that over
$1,000,000 worth of glass had been de
stroyed in San Francisco alone. With
what damage has been done in other
cities along bc Pacific coast this total
will be much larger.
The American Window Glass Com
pany, it ia expected, will operate its
machine plants all summer to relieve
the situation. The Belgian manufac
turers, who always enter the Ameri
can market when prices get above a
certain figure, are said to be casting
about for a ohance to send forward a
large amount of imported glasB. This
feature may keep down prices.
A meeting of the window glass job
bers and manufacturers is scheduled
for next Tuesday in New fork to talk
over the general situation and decide
como plan that will work out satis
factorily for the market during tue
busy year that seems to be certain to
The reconstruction work at San
Francisco willnot be ready for window
glssB before fall, but it will be neces
sary to get tho Btook in hand before
then. Preference will likely be given
orders from the coast all summer.
Notice of Dissolution of Fart,
ne r ship.
N otlco ls hereby giren that the part
nership heretofore existing between
Julius H. Well, A, Leaser and Simon
Btrouse. under the firm name of Julius
H. Weil & Co, has thia day been dis
Boiven by mutual consent, A. Leaser
havi ng sold his interest in the business
to Julius H. Well and Simon Stresse,
who will continue the business under
the name of Julius H. Well & Co. AU
obligations due to th? old firm moat be
Sela either ts Jolies H. Weil or to
?m?? S trou 53. . i'--' i
JULIUS H. WEIL,
SIMON STROUSE, .
Anderson, 8. C., June 6, 1906
Junel?, 1006 " : 52 <. 4 v.
Notice to GfrGfHtOM.
AUL. persons .having deman&i against
the Estate of J. T. Johnston, deceas
ed, are hereby notified to present them
properly proven, to the undersigned,
within the time prescribed by law, and
thosa indebted to make payment?
? . S. M. JOHNSTON, Adm'r.
Junee, 1806 51 . 8
Notice of Final getttemenfc
THE undersigned, Ex?cutera r of
the .Estate of 8. C. Dean , deceased j
hereby give notice that h? will on
Friday, the 6th dav of July, 1006, apply
to the Judge of Probate for Anderson
County,- G. C., for a Final Settlement of
auld EOLO W7, . pun : m diSCbS7?C fzO- i??
? ?. ' ' L. A. DEAN, Executor.
Jdno6? 1006V 61 ,
* Executor's Sale.
a Saleaday }n July, 1008,.I will s?l? a*
"public auction before the Court Hoaao
door to tho hiRheafc bidder for cash, ton
(10) shares of tho capital stock of People's
Bank, Anderson, 8. C.. par value $50.00
per shareyand one anare of tba ateoM ot
Peo pie's Furniture Company, par value
$25.00. : -. .? ti \\.< .. $k??*v
a. w w i u 1 ford as' Executor of tim ?
Will of WY HY WUUfbrJU deo'd.
fronet 1006. .: ? ;.. 52 . - 'v; ; : : ' ^.V.-.St
- It is ao?r proposed to mske suits
of clothes out of paper, which can ce
thrown aw?y wheo soiled. .
Can a Man L' . en Four Dollars a
Washington, June 12.-Can aman
livo respectably ou four dollars worth
of food a month? The average person
would say "No." But there is a man
living in Washington, and 74 years
old at that, too, who spends less than
that amount on eatables in o'ao month,
and he is hale and hearty and shows
no ill effects of his somewhat limited
diet. Not only has he practiced this
method for one month, hut has stuok
it out for soven long ypars. Tho man
in question ia W. A. Kiley, a veteran
employe of the Treasury Department,
and he performs his duties in the
oifioo of the auditor for tho War De
partment with entire satisfaction to
his superiors. Mr. Riley made this
resolution twenty years ago, but did
not live up to ib until within eight
years ago, since which time he has
not wavered in his determination to
cat less. Not that ho can not afford
to live, better, for he draws a salary of
?1,200 a year, but bcoauoo bc believes
it io better for his health to out down
his eating propensities. Mr. Riley is
well preserved, measuring five feet,
five inches in height r.nd weighing
about 125 pounds. He ?ias a full grey
beard, a kindly faoe and bright blue
eyes, and .is of Revolutionary do
Mr. Riley cooks his own meals, and
the following is the list of articles of
food he consumed in the month of
Maroh last: Beef, 5 cento; dams, JO
cents; fish, 15 couta, bread, 41 cento;
oake, 50 cen te; pie, 20 cents; pretzels,
oents; milk, 20 cents; butter, 30
cents; cheese, 6 oents; bananas, 5
oents; apples, 35 conti; onions 5
cents; nuts, 18 cents; lunches, 60
cents; eggs, 46 cents; sugar, 12 cents;
tea, 10 cents; a total of $3.91..
Ao an attest of his good health, phy
sically p.nd mentally, it may bo said'
that Mr. Riley in the course pf bis
day's duties at the Treasury Depart
ment, walks from five to ten miles,
and only recently be "footed" it from
Washington to the Great Falls of the
Potomac and baok, a distance of thir
ty-four miles in a course of an after
noons stroll. , ?
- Women can any exceedingly
pretty, things when so inclined.
- A man can't help showing sur
prise' &hen . big gets au unexpected
Winthrop Cr) lege i
Scholarship and Entrance
The examination for the award of
vacant ?cholarships in Winthrop Col
lege and for the admission of new
students will be held at the County
Court Houeo on Friday, July 6th. at
9 a. m. Applicants must not be lesa
than fifteen years of age. When schol~
arships are vacated after July 6th,.
they will be awarded to those making
Lie highest average at this examina*
nation, provided they meet the con
ditions governing the award. Appli
cants ibr scholarships should write to
Presideat Johnson before the exami
aation i or och?la i-ship application
blanks. Scholarships are worth $100
und free tuition. The next eeesion
will open September lOtb, 1P06. For
further information and dialogue,
iiddieaa Pres D. B. Johnson, Kock
Hui, a c._- . ?__
THE STATE OF 8C?TH CAROLINA,
County of Anderson. ' .
COURT OW COMMON PT.1EAS.
JDO. N.Bleckley, ri? .ntiii', against Elijah royton..
Peter Payton, Joe Payton, Georgia Payton andy
Waddy Payton, Defendant?.-Sacunons for Be?
To tbe Defendants, Elijah Payton, Peter Payton,
Joe Payton, Oeorgia Payton aud Waddy Paytonr. ,
YOtT are hereby summoned and required to an?
ovrcr tho Complaint In thia action, of -which
a copy ia hore with served upon you, and to eerve av
copy of your answer to aaid Complaint on the
subscribers at their office, at Anderson, H. C., with
in twenty dey* after tb? oervico hereof, exclusive*
of the day or such servie* ; and tf you fail to an- ?
ewer the Complaint within th? timo aforesaid,Uta. :?*:.*'
Plaintiff In thlc action wiU apply to the Court for
the relief demanded In tho Complaint.
BONHAM A WATKINS.
Anderson, 8. C., May CC, 19u0.
Anderson, 8. C,, May 28.1008.
To Joe Pay ton. Georgia Payton and Waddy Pay
ton, absent Defendants, whose placee of res!?
dence U unknown :
Tako Notice: That the Su?non* ?nd Com
plaint In thia action were thia day flied iu the
office of the Clerk of the Court for Anderson?
May80,190C ? , SO .- . ,6 - .
NJlaiBli cured at horne with
rm wi ????BEt^
mum wiBUffimwiHiii n. M. WOOLLEY, M. D
AttaVtttf^tSSToffice 101 N.i-ryor ?treeU. j,
J. La <SHERARD,
AX^O?WWJSTr AT )tiAWpi
AHDEBSOH, 8, C.
SST Office over Post Office Building
Igy Money to lend on Beal E?aje ' ..
1785- ' :loot>
Qoltege of Charleston*
Charleston, S. C.
Entrance examinations will be held irs
the County Court House on Friday. July: >
G. atfln. m. One Free Tuition 8choiar
Bhlo to . each county, of South Carolina*
awarded by the County .Supt. of Educa
tion and Judge of Probate.: Board ance ;
furnished room in Dormitory, $11 a
montb. AU candidates for admission?
sra permitted. to . compete for vacant ;
Boyce - Scholarships, which pay $100 a* :
year. For caialcguo and information,
HARRISON R? NDOtiPH, Pres.
j Ui?v?jou decided on that
. for the Spring,or probably yen
sWsU, we bave them, and to be ca?di^with von wa think vpn will, hm
?MKpg'a mistak* if you do not see onr Ike befoiro yon d?ei^ yon*
^p^that we are up-to-date oiraU kinda of BIGS for, j mico Jmd H
to nfado the deouuon; for we know yo^?
get lfVaeleoting firom our superb line ?f work, < ~ T"
?tHARNES8^ DUSTERS, &Q BES, CANOPY SHADES, and. a gene
ral line of accessories. ?/'^V?M, <?'-'-r,:.-.?.