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title: 'The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, July 11, 1906, Image 2',
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Image provided by: University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC
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Inspector General |
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Tho Kind You Havo Always Bought, and vvldch lias beca
iii uso for over 30 years, lias borne tho signature of
and lias been made under lils per
sonal supervision since its infancy.
Allow no one to deceive you in tills?
All Counterfeits, Imitations and ?? Just-as-good?*are but
Experiments tliat trifle wit li and endanger the health of
Inlauts and Children-Experience against Experiment?
What is CASTO RIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Cotor Oil, Pare
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
.and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and "Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep?
The Children's Panacea-The Mother's L'ricud.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
j Beare the Signature of
The KM You toe Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
* THC CKNTAUft COMPANY. TT MUAMV WTRCCT. NCW TOP)ll OTrV.
In the Piedmont Belt of the South ?
Anderson County is the HUB of the Piedmont Belt, and
and yon can select from the following and let me hear from
3n the City of Anderson :
House and Lot on North Main Street.
House and Lot cu South Main Street.
Vacant Lot on South Main Street.
3n Centerville Township :
155 acres, improved ; also, 67 acres,
ii Broadway Township :
3n Pendleton Township :
3n Fork Township :
104, 900,105 and 52 acre Tracts.
2n Hall Township :
ALL MORE OR LESS WELL IMPROVED.
In Piokens County I have 285 aerea in one body and 75 aerea in another.
In Oconce County I have several Tracts, running 104, 418,75, 385, 136,
309,166-all in Center Township.
There are no better lands to produce than I offer you above, and if you
awe interested in buying or selling lauds in the city or country, Bes me and
3et me tell you what I have to offer.
Yours for building up the country and <ity,
JOS. J. FJtETWELL, Anderson, 8. C.
.A.. C. STEIC ELAND,
: ' J. I>ElSrTISTe
Office over ParmersIand.M^rehantB Bank, Anderson, S. G.
JFRED. G. BROWN, Free and Trew. | B. F. MATJLDIN, Vice President.
. A.. 8. FARMER, Secretary.
The Anderson Real Estate
and investment Co., '
-BUYBRS Al^D SELLERS OF
REAL ESTATE, STOCKS & BONDS.
J. 0. CUMMINGS, Sales Bep't.
Story of the Devastation Wro
by a Subalten
Thc overmuch discussed march of
Kev. Thomas Sherman over thc route
followed hy the army of Gen. Sher
man in thc inarch through Georgia
and thc Carolinas, sends thc mind
backwards over that historical event,
no feature of which has called forth
more discussion and criticism than
the burning of Columbia, S. C. It
ha? been written up by correspon
dents, and historians have told what
they allege to have been the facts.
Two of tho chief actors have written
the story, all coloring it, perhaps,
from their sympathies or giving it
from their newpoiot. The state- '
meats made by Gen. Sherman upon
the ono side and by Gen. Hampton
upon the other have differed in many
particulars and whioh I will make no
attempt to reconcile, but only tell
what a subaltern officer saw, aud as he
The remnants of Hood's army had
been ordered to tho Carolinas and
halted at Augusta to await the ad
vance of Sherman, if that city was to
be a point in his maroh northward
from Charleston. When it was as
certained that he was moving out
wardly of the city, the Confederate
troops, now under the command of
Geo. Beauregard, moved across the
country to Columbia. Maj. Gen.
! Stevenson's division, to which ? be
longed, was in the roar and I was left
behind to ooileot ali stragglers, form
them into a command and await fur
ther orders. Two days afterwards we
were ordored forward to Columbia. It
was about 2 p. m. of the day we ar
rived opposite the city and at the
end of the bridge across Broad river.
Here we were met by an order to dis
band the company and send the men
to their respective commands and for
md to join Capt. Coleman in a reoon
noisaooe of the grounda south of the
river. We returned about 7 p. m. and
reported to Geo. Stevenson, who wss
in immediste command of the city.
We were then ordered to take com
mand of the pioneer corps of his,
Stevenson's, division and rove to a
point between the oity and the north
end of the bridge across Broad river.
The oity procer was about a half a
mile back from the river and on a low
ridge or elevated ground, but there
were several buildings along the road
between the oity and the bridge, at
the end of whioh there was a two
story ootton factory, midway between,
j There was a one-story, broad building
I around which were guards paoing to
I and fro, end opposite it waa a atore
! and some barrels of rosin. Near by,
w?re some spreading, trees nader
whioh wo lay down and had just
fallen asleep ythen we were aroused
by a courier with an order from Gen.,
Stevenson directing that the bridge
be burned and that the oity arsenal
I be blown up. Thia order had
been transmitted to ni? for ess-,
oution, We got three b?rrela of rosin j
from the store poroh and took them j
to the south end of the bridge, where i
we emptied them across the floor and
split up some pl an ko to assist in the
Just at this moment we heard the
clatter of horses* hoofs coming to
wards us. Imagining that it was a
soouticg party from th? enemy, but
that it might bo friends who had been
left behind, and we took position for
either event. At tho command
"Halt!" the voioe Of a negro re
sponded: "Boss, doan shoot; dem
Linoumnites oominV Frightened
and greatly excited, he told of bis ad
venture. Hs said that "Dem Lin
oumnites' pome to old missuses v in*
sarah eb e.: w h ar for her money sn*
things. Den da* cotoh mo' en* wer
gwins to hang ms sf I doan tell whar
da ar. Oos ob dem say you blaok
raak al gd git. a rope, we gwins to hang
I you sf yon doan tslt. f went ont ob
j de baok dors and saw a boss stan din*
,dar, liles* he weiten fur tue. I jump
Un 'im sn* I speck da arter mo now.
j Boss, fore God, doan keep me he er til
da sum;*' We took the carbino that
was swinging to hts saddle sud let
him pass. Then ( ? man named
Pickering, from Selma, AU-, struck>
match sud set fire 4o the kindling and
in fivo minutes tbs rosin had the end
of tbs bridge in flames. Pickering
ught by Sherman's Army Told
burn only one upan at the south bank
of the river. But tbe wind was from
the south and driving the smoke
through tho bridge wo that ii was im
possible to tear oh* the roof and oon
, trul the Gre and the bridge had to go.
Then carno an order to protect the
cotton mill at the north end of the
bridge. Thc ordor explained that it
belonged to Gov, Spraguo (I think it
was) of Rhode Island, and that if it
shcnld burn it would be construed in
to the burning of the proporty of
northern people and might provoke
the burning of the city. The factory
was saved with difficulty. The order
to destroy the city arsenal was recall
ed through fear of d, ^age to build
ings in the city.
We were ordered to send the pio
neer corps to the ford above the city
and for me to report at headquarters.
It was now getting daylight, and as
we passed the low broad house here
tofore mentioned the guards were
leaving, and we were told that it was
the printing office where "Confederate
money was made." On reaohing
headquarters, whioh was in an open
square. Gen. Stevennon was sitting by
an obelisk, against whioh he waa
leaning, and jokingly Baid that he was
leaning against the solid center of the
State of South Carolina. The ex
planation was thai it waa toe point
from whioh the mileage of ail the
roads of the State were measured.
Maj. Beeves, of Gen. Stevenson's
BtafI, then told me that the city was
being evaouated and that the general
had directed that an officer be detailed
to remain in the oity till after the
federal army had taken possession,
and after learning all he oould of
their condition and probable move
ments to follow up the command and
report next day if possible and that
this service had fallen to me.
I traded with a soldier from Rey'
nold's brigade, named Barris, who
lived at Dublin Depot, Vn., for an
old ragged, dirty uniform, and got au
old blazed faced sorrel horse from a
negro, that was too poor for any cav
alryman to covet. I persuaded the
old negro to sit on the oorner by the
horse and to olaim him if tho ad
vance bf Sherman's army carno while
I was gone.
I then wandered around over the
oity to view the situation and learn
the roads by whioh I might make my
exit. Everywhere I cautioned the
people not to congregate on tho
streets, but to keep indoors. Toward
the lower end of the oity a number of
persona had e????i?d os - s> street,
looking at the moving columns ox '
Sherman's army as they passed up
through an oldfield on the opposite
side of the river. I cautioned them
to keep indoors, but they seemed too
interested to take the warning.
* iuDuu?ij ?nu |JI?VVR WA s?Mi.cry
stopped, unlimbered and swung into
position. There was a puff of smoke I
and a shot out its way through the j
erowd, killing ? woman and wounding j
a little girl. The squad .vanished in J
all directions. Three more' shots j
were sent up ' the o tree t. Then the
battery limbered up and moved ou. I
took up the little girl and carried her
into a church that stood s> few yards 1
away en? assisted by two boya and a I
good woman j we carried the woman in
and laid her out on a po w* .>';.! !
On returning to the corner wa ero I j
left my horse, it waa thero, hu?, my j
friend, the old Ediato field band, waa I
gone. ' In the deal with Harris fori
hie snit of clothes I thought that it
Was to bo on even trade, . bul I found j
While standing here thinking over how
I should farther proceed that he had i
given me boot, ono of whioh I caught I
crawling , around my Beek. .'. Having j
droided OBJ my future ooorsss, I totk
Wy Arabian steed do^nVio w??ro; a I
j nsw Stats capitol was being built and
after bobbing his tail and cutting I
gaps io his mane, for farther oma-]
ment, put him under a shed that had 1
been - used ?by *he. stone masons; in [
their work, and wandered ott up towt
where ? metthe first of Sherman's J
troops, tKer'wei?"- mere 1?tra?gWs
that M ^
ated. 8ome. -of v them oeih^ttiro
"Johnny, are , ya* tired;"B*o^^
i ?ai* -mwmt*
i>r? I %m taem ?Ths II]
. ?ju jul VSXJJLU.
know thc canico of the streets.) The
soldiers begun to fill this store. The
merchant said he was a t 'on man.
Ibis created a great ?aug . iud cae
of the caen said, "Then you can af
foid to contribute something to your
friends." At that the men began
helping themselves and phoning what
they did uot want out into the street
to those who were not able to get in.
A general destruction began for the
mest part, apparently, as a matter of
fun, but there seemed a sort of
viciousness against the bolts of cot
ton cloth. Men would take hold of
tho end of a bolt and, running along
the street, unwind it. Others would
' trample upon it, saying: "Tho rebels
i may Bing about their mothers wearing
dresses made oat of cotton cloth, but
j they will never wear one made out of
I this cloth." The crowd continued to
increase and when this store had been
demolished ino/ began to break into
others. I asked a man near me if
i they had orders to pillage tho town,
j He said: "No, we need no orders.
I Old Shady just turns us loose." Just
what he meant I do not know, and
did not deem it prudent to make too
many inquiries. The street was soon
littered with goods from tho stores
and furniture from the houses. An
offioer came riding down the street
and ordered the men to return to their
commands. He was answered by de
risive yollo. A smoke started up
jo ot ROTORS the square from where 1
was standing. In a few minutas a
number of fires started at dinVent
parts of the town. At sight of tilts
the men grew wilder in their excite
ment. A battery esme and swung
into position looking down a street
towards the hew ospitol. A man ran
up to the captain and said "They
have got the figures of McDuffio on
ono aide of ?tho door and that of ?Tonn
O. Cal bout- on tue other." The cap
tain said: "I have orders to drive
these men baok to their commands,
but I will take a shot, or two at that
d-d old rebel Calhoun first:0 At
that he fired five shot? when a man
said that the atatue of George
Washington stood in tho hollway.
The offioer said: "Than that saves the.
building," and ordered the firing to
osase. By thia tims* the men seemed
to beoomo frantio with excitement.
Sccjag that no notice was being taken
orme I thought it sn opportune mo
ment to go. I passed the ospitol as I
wont for my horse sud noticed that
seither of the figures in bas relief
by the door had been injured and that
the shots had only made spots on the
heavy stone walls. Behind tho
building was a metallio palmetto tree
erected in honor of the Palmetto regi
ment is the Mexican war* The names
of all those who lost their lives were
on the base of the monument. The
letters had been riveted on sud some
men wsro breaking them off and pst
L ting them on tho front bf their hats
as initisl letters of their namer.
I Some ladies and children fleeing from
j tho burning district were passing. A
yon og lady carno up to me, handed me
i very BAS ladies' gold watch and said
that her name Y??B Mi?? Sallie* Sad
dler and that Bho had a brother in a
Florida regiment of cavalry and if I
could find him to give him the watch
(and if not to koop it) aa ? . to ten bim
she had put other things where
they would not bo found. AaoldUr
saw. uo Ul king, and, coming forward,
wanted to' know what! we wera talking
about. . I told him she was abusing
ms for not., being with my oommand.
When ns passed on I mounted my
relio of former days sud started np
through the crowd;/ It was : the foe
oioBt experience of my life to ^kr the
commente made on the eppearacoc uf
myself and horse Ono fellow said
that it was "Job's boras! with bis
nook slothed jo thunder." Another
declared that IaWas the paymaster of
tbs ragged rabel? sud handed mi*
roll of blank shoots of Confederate
money which be said I could fill up
*ud psy off the ?dblio debi. ? ssw
jkfcat Ubs'prlotiog office waa than in
f?ame a. Th e s tree t a so ended slight! y
from the pubHo square ]tor> near a
half a mile and at the summit there
Was a r?sidence surrounded - by . shrub
bery ont in the most fantastic forms.
.Ns?r ' ttxe, .: streat were ; .eea*r?? trt?ioef
^ the* Were gateposts. By tTie walk
dier- outwinded him. They finally
got upoD the groupd, eaoh clinging
to the pitcher. The soldier got his
knee un the breast of the priest sr?
wrung the pitohor from his bejsds,
then Bprioging up, swung the pitcher
over his head end hurrahed for the
Fifty-third regiment of Ohio (I think
tu?t Waa the Q Umbel Gi iu? r?gi????t.)
Tho priest then began to beg the men
not to burn the building, said it was
a Catholic nunnery and school build
ing attached. There were a number of
women (I suppose they were) peculiarly
clothed running from the baok of the
building toward thc woods. Some of
the men tried to oaii them back, as
suring them that they would not be
hurt. The men started ofter thcsal
This only frightened them more and
they ran shrieking and screaming for
mercy. An officer turned to me and
shaking his fist at me, ordered me to
bring them back, as I "could get up
to them on my horse and they woj
not be afraid of that d-d ragged
rebel uniform," ?nd to tell them tb'at
their bouse would not be burnt. I
obeyed bis orders promptly and have* |
not caught up with them yet, so far as
he knows, as I did not return to re?
port. On coming up with my oom*
nvusd that night I left the "ragged
rebel suit" oe the bank of a branoh
at the weg^n train and put my bald*
faced "ruins of Balbeo" in a farmer's
barn lot, although I had no animosity
at the farmer and did not even know
lu my verbal report I said that
"Sherman'* men entered the oity in'|
disordered ranks ' and apparently
without miiitsry restraint; that there
were no orders ironed to burn the
city but it waa fired by the lawless
element of the army; that a feeble at*
tempt was made at one time to re
strain them buttha soldiers sent inj
for ?hat purpose soon caught the I
spirit and Joined in the general de*
s traction; that the army had lost its*
morale during it? march. t? tho sea,
which last statement was fully dem
onstrated at the following battle pf
Bonton ville, where a Tennessee bri
gade under Col. Seroie out its way
through the center of Sherman'a lino
and marched 'almost 'unmolested
around hie left wing.
A Welt Story.
A red faced man was holding tho
attention of a little group with some
wonderful recitals, aaye, the Philadel
I -?The moat e xe i ti o g chase I ever
had," he said, "happened a few years
ago ' in Russia. O?e night when
sloshing about ten:' miles from my
destination, I discovered to my in
tense horror that I was being follow
ed by a: pack of wolves. I fired
blindly into the pack killing one of
the brutea; and to tiny Seitgnpaaw
tho others atop to devour it. After
doing this, however, they still came
on. I kept, oh repeating the doses
with the same results and- each,ooon
cici: s?ve ?? >a opportunity towhiR; :
up tho horses. : Finally there wael on
ly one wolf left, yet on it came, with
^:fieroe eyes glairing in anticipation;
?f a good hot supper. ., fM ???
. .:.Her? ifee.5i%n who.had boen sittiog ]
|| .'the corner burst forth into -a fiWf |
: laughter.' ?? j
v-i"Why? m?uiH; said be, "by your r
:^?y ci reokonlng, that last wolf must r
have had the' rest of the pack inside 4
v ?<?hl'*y-?s^^-$ue^r*d f?oed^man*;I
without a tremor, "now I remend?"it J
- Opportunity knock* Vat avert
man's ddor^v hut^ a j?fc pf ?e? ar?e? ,
$^J?^^M4?^) ^kuQ?ka^^t^m-' -
sejvea. that they ??il > to^foiair:" * opp?r? .
^>u-v?erita^Vr.too;' sajeir^. to;be V??parV ;
mentod wi th. 5?or her peculiar r\nd dell
pmk>? ?^laiei^^?1?Mr;iaeaiel0M': of . t?own?
composition and which contain no alco
hol, narcotic^brother harmful or h?W?
Adrice to Swimmers.
Te tba Editor of ihe News sad Cou
rier: The foiiowiog suggestions otter
ed may lesson c&Bualties to swimmers
I<iret, bathers should net venture
beyond their depth. Good swimming
can be had in water breast deep and
the refreshment cannot be increased
Second, every swimmer should re
remember snd impress upon his mind
when he determines to go beyond his
depth" that ', he can float, and that,
should he find himself nearing the
point of exhaustion, that he
will cease to struggle and main
tain himself on the eurfaoe
by floating uutil help oan reach him.
This means of rest will enable him tu
?..'einafij.1 on the surface for hours.
Presence of mind is very neoosBary,
for it enables one to think and to act
advantageously. After the imperilled
swimmer exhausts himself in a vain
effort to reach the shore it is difficult
to float properly, for a little muscular
effort in rough water is necessary to
keep on the surface, face up, and he
should not thoroughly exhaust him
self before adopting this plan of safe
ty. Vv . /
Ladies should be told that tie little
rubber oaps they wear, to prevent the
wetting of the hair, can be removed
from the head in an emergency and
brought into tho water in snob a way
as to catch and contain enough air to
moko them veritable little buoys, Quitt
aient to prevent sinking. Manufac
turers should pian the formation of
these caps to inorease theil utility as
u life preserver, and the wearing of
them is a fashion which men should
not relinquish entirely to ladies,
I would urgently suggest to proprie
tors of hotels and boarding houses at
every sssshere resort that they secure
from the United States treasury de
partment, with illustrations, direc
tions for Motoring apparently drown
ed persons, and that these directions
be conspicuously placed and the at- '
tent:on of visitors called to them.
E. W, Socaven.
Charleston, June 26. '
- The queerest thing is how many
places, a rooking chair can be in a
dark room at once to serape your
- The hsrdest w?y to earn a living
ii to hunt sn easy job. 1
.. -.Tv- '"-r ?Ay to * .get even" with ;
your- II . - 'a, io help> your ; friends.
. STATE OV B?VTH. CAROLINA,
? .*'. '" !*MV Cot ?tx CV ANDERS ow. :. ..
?D? elector cf Bssverdaa Schcol
trlct. Ko. 5G, ara hereby, not!Qed tba? au
eleotion wi 11^ bo held at Beavf-rdam -
Chut oh on Thursday, Jnly 19tb, io??, ors
the question of levying .a apeciat school
tax of four^millson all tho taxable prop
erty OiOHlU w?nt??vw- . . : ? ' - .
... ^;v:-;- .R.v^MteiiKrK,.-' ...
A. J. BALLARD.
.;' JAS. KO?ERff,
July4,1908 . '- ;.v,? . 2,t .;
University of South. Carolina,
Session I9??-i907 . BCiiip. V/g??aaday,