Newspaper Page Text
,?n Interesting Paper which
Clemson College, July 'J.-Some
weeks ago your correspondent report
ed a part of Prof. C. Lewie Newton's
excellent address on plant breeding,
delivered before the Clemson College
Science Club. Thc following is a!
summary of the neeond part of the ad
There are two starting points in
plant breeding: First, breeding from
selection of cither seedlings or bud;
second, breeding by hybridization and
subsequent selection. In tho first
case desirable plants selected from a j
large number of seedlings aro allowed
to fruit, and further selection is inde
finitely repeated until thc qualities
desired become fixed. In the second
case sexual union ?B secured between
tbe established types, varieties, or
species by the artificial transference
of the pollen from one to another
plant. This is styled cross-poleniza
tion. .When the cross polonized bios
Bom develops and ripens its fruit the
seeds are planted. Theso seeds pro
duce plants that msy olosely resemble
either parent, or may possess oharao
teriBtioB resembling both parents to a
From these hybrids or orosses selec
tions are made of desirable types, and
seeds from several generations are re
peatedly seleoted. If, however, the
new cross-bred plant is one that may
be reproduced by division, as by cut
tings, tubers, roots, otc, the type is
at onoe fixed abd the new creation en
tere at once upon its life of utility or
Very nearly all of our cultivated
plants have been improved or bred up
in one way or anothor, and it may be
interesting to call attention to a few
examples seleoted at random.
The sugar beet by a oarefnl process
of breeding has been indueed to more
than double its per cent of sugar on
the one hand, and on the other to
adapt itself to soil and climate hither
The Irish potato WaB originally a
wild plant, unpalatable and supposed
to be poisonous from the faot that it
was a member of the deadly night
shade family. As high as 1,200 bush
els have been produced from one aero,
and the size of tho tuber inoreased
trnm m\ faa. nnnnaa tn a*??*?! nnnn^i
The tomato, also a member of the
night-shade family, has ooma into neo
within the memory of persons now liv
ing. It is supposed to have been
broop.ht fforo S&ntn T)nm?n?n tn phil
adelphia in 1798, and grown as an or
namental plant. The first reoord of
the tomato's having been used as a
food dates to 1812 in New Orleans.
It is now one of our most common
vegetables, and so much skill has been
expended in its improvement that in
1905 a specimen was nroduoed weigh
ing seven pounds and seven ounoos.
Japan plums are another fruit that
have been greatly improved, and last
summer at the f armers' institute held
here two dozen varieties grown on the
experiment station's grounds here
were on exhibition as au example of
what oan.be done in thie line.
In the flower world the development
has been so phenomenal that the re
eui ts would be considered miraculous
were it not for the fact that we know
these new creations to he the product of
the patient but skilled hand of sotanee.
When America waa settled by Eu
ropeans the grains, fruits, vegetables
mud flowers to which attention was
w?re sftfti^Uj ?? QM World ori
gin, and the native kinds were neg
lected. In tho c&fce of flowers, foi' the
production of which artificial condi
tions arejslargely maintained, home
produced Bo-ts vie in numbers with
the foreign. . In cereals and vegeta
bles the majority of the extensively
grown sorts are of American origin;
and in fruits upon whieh perhaps the
xnOBt attention and skill have Jt?een
brought to bear, and the greatest
. stimulus given by well-organized so
cieties, the native floris ^ave almost
entirely taken the.place of the foreign
ones. Fully 95 per cent of the ap?
pies grown west of the Mississippi are
of Amerioan origin; and, notwith
standing the high-standing French
sames given to many of the varieties
of pears now offered by nurserymen,
most of thom aro of Ameriean origin.
, In the cultivation of grapes, rasp
Tells of the Creation of Now
berrica and blackberries no advance ol
consequence was niadc until .he native
species were developed. T. V. Mun
son, of Denison, Texas, the world'*
greatest grape producer, has bred
forty odd accented varieties, many of
them now standards in different lo
An interesting example of plant im
provement is illustrated in the case of
our sea island cotton-a tropical plant
adapted to temperate climates. About
1785 seeds of this plant were brought
from thc Bahamas to Georgia. Thc
first year thc plante wcro killed down,
notwithstanding a mild winter, but I
they came up from the roots the fol
lowing spring, and produced a few
seeds. Thc earliest of these seeds
wero saved and planted each year, and
each year tho ripening became earlier.
Not only were selections made to so
cure earliness, but also to improve the
length, silkiness and strength of tho
staple. Under continuous selection
its qualities have been developed, un
til now it is superior to any other cot
ton grown anywhere in the world, and
commande the highest price. By se
lection year after year from plants
grown nnder the peooliar conditions
and environment prevailing ulong our
coast, these excellent qualities have
Hybrids e o our od by crossing the up
land and tho sea island cotton have
developod varieties superior in merit
adapted to conditions farther inland.
Among these might be named the Flo
rodora, Sunflower, Allen's, Griffin's
Blue Ribbon and others. While
great progress bas been made iu tho
breeding of cotton, it ie confidently
believed that the work has but little
more than begun, and that there ore
great possibilities for the development
of the ? Southern king of plants when
there is the necessary adjustment of
means, skill and patience for the exe
cution of tho work.
The eexofiHty of plants was not es
tablished until proved experimentally
by Cameranius in 1691, and the first
hybrid of whioh there is any reeord
waa produoed in 1719 by Fairohild, an
Englishman, who crossed the carna
tion and the sweet William. Thous
ands of hybrids of various plants are
now produced each year, ?nd it is
probable that within the past two or
three years more hybrids and new va
rieos of plants have been produoed
'through design than the aggregate
numbera produoed by all means in all
previous yeara. And the art ia yet in
Free of Snakes,
A New York man waa stopping for
a month at an inland town in Florida.
This in eiunodingiy fond of swim
ming, but h&s a horror of snakes, and
this fear kept him from, indulging in
hie favorite sport in the nearby river.
He was fishing one day, and mention
ed his desire and the barrier to its en
joyment to his guide a lanky and sor
"Oh, I kin fix yo'-all up all right,"
the guide drawled, and led the way to
a beautiful little lake some distance
back from the river. "Ain't nary
snake in hy ah," he said.
The northerner enjoyed a half hour's
sport in the clear water, and then,
coming baok to thc white sand beach,
began to dren. He then observed
that what ho had taken to bc several
logs floating upou tho water worein
"?h?ih ain't logs,*' bia guide calmly
replied, ohewing on a straw, "them
'gators. That's how ooma there ain't
no snakes in nyah-'gators keeps 'em
ct up."-Harper'a Weekly.
Thara is a oonoert singer in the
weat whose voioe ia not only of great
sweetness and compass, but of snob
extraordinary power that no orchestra
ever drowns ita tones.
Now, the huaband of thia singer fra*
quently nota aa her conductor, and he
ia ever anxious to impresa upon the
publie tho fact of the great power of
bia wife's voice. On one occasion thc
lady was rehearsing for ? concert to be
given io a large hall. In one o? her
songs abe was to be accompanied by a
trumpet obligate. Although th? per
former, In obedience *JO instructions
from the conductor, blew with all bia
might and main? yet hts btst efforts
were invariably mat wlih ft. ??1 cf,
"Leude?, ?euder," fro?i i?ie ine*iiauie
leader. : t i % 'm
? Finally tba performer rested' hie
LIVING ON AN ACRE.
DOIT It Would Hrli> the Man ot Fam
ily uiitl Little Honer.
A family, with n modest house sur
rounded by un ucre of good H:?il. even
Where th?' work has to be performed
by members of the family who are oc
cupied liming tl?? long bouts of the
day at various occupations, will pro
duce almost everything used in the
family. An ?tere of ground thoroughly
well cultivated, with a little chicken
yard an tin adjunct, will reduce in a
very materia! way the expenses of tho
Of course acre lots are impossible In
side of the city limits or even very
close tu the city limits. T"ho person
seeking so large a lot munt go to a
considerable distance from the busi
ness center, but the extension of elec
tric lines enables even working people
to live at a considerable distance from
their pince of employment. A man
who panis $2..r?() to twice that sum a
day and who has.a family consisting of
a number of children often linds some
difficulty lu bringing them up properly
and giving them the kind of au educa
tion he would wish. Such an invest
ment ns this, saving : .-nt of say $20 a
mouth and yielding eggn and all kinds
of vegetables un well as considerable
of the fruit that goes to make up tho
daily ration of each member of tito
family, will make his struggle lu life
much lighter. A man who hus such a
stake in the country will be lu every
way a better citizen than the one who
spends his week's earnings us soon as
they come into bis hand, if not u week
before they are earned.
Varied occupation exceeds all other
processes In drawing out whatever of
ability a man possesses. Here lies the
advantage to the community-one su
perior to nil economic gain-of the sub
urban acre lot for thc home of the city
wago earner. The cultivation of that
acre in alternation with bis other em
ployment will bring bim Intellectual
and spiritual enlargement, while It
gives him a healthier body and whole
some surroundings in which to bring
up bis family.-Maxwell's Talisman.
THE GROWTH OF TROUT.
Age? Food MA Ttnperotnn Seem tm
Mo*? Ko B?ar9na> oa Sis?.
The Salvolinus fontlualls, which la
currently bat Inaccurately called brook
trout, waa supposed for many years
to be a small fish. Aga eels was
largely lustra mental In exploding this
fallacy. It ia not an uncommon thing
for an angler with ordinary luck to
get a a.x or seven pound trout of this
variety. It ia known that a trout may
grow to weigh eleven or twelve pounds.
There ia, however, great difficulty In
accounting for Its variation in size.
In northeastern Canada there are
large streama and lakes m which only
flngerllngs have ever been found. In
the imm?diats vicinity of such waters
three and four pound trout sra quite
common and seven and eight pounders
aro not phenomenal. Ip all these wa
ters crustacea do not abound; there are
no small fish of any kind except small
troct AU the flBh aro pure fly feeders.
At Borne places, lt ls true, frogs abound,
but taken as a whole the difference in
food supply ls not an adequate ex
planation for the difference In growth.
There 1B no substantial difference In
the waters as to temperature, size,
origin and course. Climatic conditions
are the same. The small trout taken
to virgin lakes In which there are no
fish have somotlmes grown to a great
Hitf?. 2iave sometimes remained small
and sometimes have not thriven. The
anglers who haunt these waters have
not yet found a satisfactory explana
tion of this peculiar condition of things.
It la one of tho mysteries which lends
fascination to the art "You never eau
tell what ls going to happen when you
go Anhing."-St. Paul Dispatch.
Lon ar Vordi or Shorst
Which shall wo prefer lu speech and
writing? Almost everybody will vote
j? for the short word, and almost every?
body will bo voting for the best can
didate. The short words are usually
the strong words. They make np in
muscle and liveliness what they lack lo
size, Boya the Manchester Union. And
they are readily In the eyes of men
who have thoughts that they wish tc
lodge in other minds. A man who
should run out Into tho street and yell
"Conflagration! Conflagration! Con
flagration!" when his house waa burn
ing would be thought to be making a
jest of tho affair. And so in all mat
ter s where ideas are to be handed oui
quickly and clearly-the short word
hos first choice.
Taking ao Chuce?.
An old Pennsylvania farmer, while
od a visit to Philadelphia, lays fl
writer in the Publio Ledger, wa? taken
with a violent toothache, and calling
on a dentist, was informed that the
tooth must be extracted, and that be
had better take gas for tve opera*
"Tho patient agreed to this? and
then started to ooant bia money.
The dentist remarked: ?'Oh, yon
Geed not pay until I have finished."
"I reckon not," replied tho farmer,
"but if you are going to maka nae un
ooo scion s I thought i'd jest like to
see how I stand."
? ' mm i Mm '. ? : ' v'>'.' '
- Oaly a fool seeks temptation in
Order to prove hit strength.
k>? Josiah B. Rials, a merchant of
Gladstone, Mo., who weighed abbat
350 pounds, hanged himself with a
trace chalis. "y
- Aa a rule worthless people have)
the best dispositions* '\ . j
- Some women work for their hue-j
banda ?hil? fib me oihe-a work them, j
'???AKys?y kaook caa maa si*?** Wa4
other- is intended aa a boost for him,
*m : :.v>; --'11?9P ?l
' A popttlw young man is ono Mhb
knows bow lo drop a compliment ito
tfie slot and get aoms t??/? > V?j
??rr' A wo?ao who U only happy wheo]
s\? ia miserable is A fine thing to bav?
Sonator Butt of tho Arkansas Senate
had just finished one of his droll
stories shout feeding morphine to a
pointer pup and watching him as he
indulged in the ensuing pipe-dream
occasioned byjthe opium, when Rep
resentative De RoBsit, known at- one
of the most veracious men in the
''Senator, your dog reminds me of
my hen. Needing quinine one day,
as we often do in the bottoms, I mix
ed up an ounce of the drug with mo
lasses and rolled it out into pills.
Leaving the stuff to dry on the front
porch, I went into the house.
"Returning I saw the last of my
pills swallowed by my hen.
"Of course I thought her silly head
would burst wide opon. She simply
commenced cackling, and has been
laying two eggs per day ever since.
And do you know, Senator, those eggs
are the best ohill tonio on the market.
One of them taken internally will
knock tho spots trom any ease of ma
laria in tho State, and shaking ague
can't stand before'em an hour after,
they ? are eaten. I keep that ben
dosed; Ido, and-"-Memphis Com
John Boyle's Battle Bon.
John A. Boyle, a Massachusetts
man, took part in the civil ivar and
liked to tell about his experiences.
At a meeting one evening he told
about the I experience he had at the
battle of Boll Run as follows:
"I saw the men drop their guns
and run, so I dropped mine and ran,
too, but I was ohased by one of- tho
enemy who had his gun in his hand.
I ran i tho fellow a good race for two
miles, and then I stumbled and fell
and was expecting him to come up and
shoot me. He didn't come up, so I
looked around to see where he was,
and to my surprise saw him eprawled
out on the ground about two yards
from me. I got up and looked at him
and saw that he had died from apo
Q Boyle's hearers asked what ho did
next, and he replied, "I wept for the
man that I had run to death."
'Lige Goudy's Corn.
'Lige Goody, a well-known and pop
ular passenger engineer, who lives at
Seymour, is raising some corn this
year.? A few days sgo a gentleman
called at Mr. Goody's house to see
him, and was informed that he had
gone out to look at his oom.
The gentleman went down to the
oom field, which he found grown over
with weeds of a gigantic growth, with
a siekly looking stalk of oom peeping
forth hero and there. The gentleman
looked across tho field, but gould not
DUV VUQ |U.yii>?IV? ...W* WW?.
Finally the man olimbad upon - the
fenoe and shouted :
"Oh, 'Lige I"
To his surprise, a reply oame from
among the weeds near by, in the fa
miliar voioe of Mr. Goudy.
The gentleman took a second lookj
but could not quite locate 'Lige, and
ofter a moment's h?sitation said : -.
"Shake a weed, BO I can tell where
you ere !"-Exchango.
i i- i. a* ? ' "
- Even thc man who .expects the
uuexpected ie apt to be surprised
when it happens.
t- Marrying an heiress ie often as
unsatisfactory as any other, get-rioh
quiok s?beme. - ,
v* When a woman is said to have
seen better days it mean? that she
knowe out glass when sha sees it. '
There is only one sacr?? ? woman
oan keep, and that is the agonies ol
n^ h?a^; ^ ? ??(&
- ??. ^?%m?%mt% aV aVeV?VA ??MsWJsM?
i $3 50 Ba?S
Concerned about Her Sister.
Some Oklahoma people in Washing
ton were low in their minds recently
about an outrage or two perpetrated
on that territory by the statehood
bill. Ooo of them was making quite
a fusa about it, olaiming that tilings
would be all wrong when the territory
becomes a State, says a speoial to the
New York World.
"Reminds me," said Raconteur
Oulahan, "of a thing that happened
in my school days. We ur ed to have
a lecture every Friday afternoon, and
one day the lecturer was a geological
sharp and chose 'Niagara Falla' for
"He told us all about tho geol?gica)
! formatian of the falls, described the
different periods that could be traced
in the gorge and then wont on to say
that the falls were slowly wearing
back toward Buffalo and that within
the course of some -00,000 years they
would be worn back to Erb, Pa., and
that town would be left high and
"Just tben one of the girls in the
elass began to sob wildly. 'What's
the matter Casked the teacher in
11 'Oh,' she wailed, 'I've got a Bie
ter living in Erie.' "'
Benevolent Old Gentleman (rescu
ing one small boy from the pummel
ing of two others): "What aro you
hurting this. boy for?"
"Beoause he made so many mis
takes in his arithmetic this morn
"But what business was that of
"Why, he let us copy our answers
- Remember, Cordelia, that devo
tion during courtship doesn't always j
mean devotion after the parson says
To nave a happy home
you should. have children* j
They are great happy-home
makers. If a weak woman,
you can he made strong
enough to hear healthy chil
drenp with little pain or dis
comfort to yourself^hy taking
nine i -
lt wm ease all your pain, reduce
iaflamnsaticn, cure leucorrh?e,
(whites), faffing I womb,- ovarian
trouble, disordered menses, back
ache, neadacne, etc.? ana make
childbirth natural and easy. Try it;
At all dealers in medicines, in
?1.00 bottles. >^v
?DUE TO CARDU1
is my . baby, girl, now two weeks
oM," writes Mrs. J. Priest, of Web-,
ster Qty, iowa.- **She IS ? fine
healthy babe and we are both doing
nicely: : I am still taking Cartful,
Sad would not .be. ?without it in.
the house."< .? ::-'W^m0M
Office over Feat Office Building,
Money lb lend on Beal Estate
Mt MM - I;
THE - - ? ' j
. . * - ?i fe
i r ;,iiii.iriii, r, III ''l^^P^^?p^m m
The Octopus Spirit.
Samuel Gompers, the re-elected
chief of the American federation of (
labor, is quoted by the New York
T'-? \ , ?? ?. ty mo .
..Mi; WM V MW ?vtivnii -
"Many a rich and powerful man is '
inclined to treat the poor and helpless
man as the bully treated the little Loy.
"A little boy was peaceably making
s H M ow man one winter morning when
a tall lad, a bully, rushed up, kioked
down tho snow man and gave the little
fellow a thump on the head.
"A benevolent man saw this out
rageous bullying from a distanoe. He
drew near, shook his fist at thc big
boy, and gave the little one a Cime to
"There, there," he said. "Here is
a dime for you. Now dry your eyes."
"Then he departed.
"But he was no sooner gone than
the bully oame up and demanded half
the money. >
" 'I'll be satisfied with half,' he
said, virtuously, 'but I ought to have
all by rights, for if I hadn't walloped
ye, ye wouldn't have got a cent.' " I
Elgin and Waltham Watches
Are the standard of the world. Our
gold-filled cases are warranted for 20
years, engraved or plain, fitted with
Elgin or Waltham movement, Hunting
or Opei- fsoa. Pricer, from$10 to $15,
sent by registered mail..
Our Agent at Durham, N. C., writes:
"Our jewelers bave confessed they
don't know how you can furnish snob
work for the money."
Our Agent at Heath Springs, S. C.,
writes: * ?
"Your watches take at sight. The
gentleman who got thc last watoh said
thethe examined end priced jewell
er'? watches ia Lancaster that were
no better than yours, but the price
Qur Agent at Po G DI og ton, Tex.,
"Am in receipt of the *atoh, and
am pleased without measure. AU
who have seen it say it would be cheap
at $40." y..
Our new illustrated catalogue ses?
MAIL 8UPPLY CO.,
Box 1409, New York.
A Traveling Pain.
There ie no disease quite so peculiar
ia rheumatism. The pain which ia in?
the little finger today maybe in one
of the toee tomorrow. And so it
travels all over the system, seeking ar*
outlet, and finding none it settles per
manently in one place, and from itj
.ionic other pains start out, abd cottle
lown and multiply. Dr. Drummond's*
Lightning Remedies for rheumatism'
tttcok the diBcaso from all points at
moe, and their work is always sue
sessf ul. If your druggist has not got
these remedies, write to the Drum
nond Medicine Co., New York andi
iescribe your caoo. Agents wauted.
- Some people get married because
heir friends want to eeo them disoip- ,
ined._' ' (
THE STATE OF SCUTH CAROLINA,
County of Andersen.
COURT OF COMMON PINEAS.
foo. N. Fickler, rialntiff, against Elijah Pa/ton.
Fctcr I'ftyton, Joe Payton, Georgia jfayton anet' |
Waddy Payton, Pefendunu.-Saunnona for ?le- 1
lief-Complaint Served. . -.. ? ,
ro the D?fendante, Elijah Payton, Petar Payton,
Joe Fayton, Georgia Payton and Waddy Payton t
?0U are hereby summoned eud required to an
swer the Complaint In thia aotlon, of Thlch
i copy la herewith tarred upon y ou, and to serre a
2opy of your answer to aald Complaint on the
subneribora at their office, at Anderson, H. C., with
in twenty day? after the larrie* hereof, exclusive
of the day of such service i and if yon fall ia an
swer the Complaint within the time aforesaid, the*
plaintiff in this action will apply to tho Court for
Ute relief demanded In the Complaint._
BOI?HAM A WATKINS,
. - . Plaintiff's Attorneys.
Anderson, 8. C" Hay SS, 18u6.
Anderson, S. C., Mar SS. 1903. '
So Joe Pay ton, Georgia Payror- and Waddy Fay?
. ton, absent Oefendanta, whose places of resi
dence ta unknown :.
Tako Holloa: That the 8 ara cs cia B and Com
plaint in thin action were this day flied lathe?
office of the-Clerk of the Court for An danoo
County.at Anderson, 8. C. ? _ . ,
? , BONHAfi A WATKINS,
Plaintiff s Attorney.
MayS0,l!>06 SO S
and WNieXEV HABIT?
cured nt home with
out pata, Book of uar
jlara Sent gttBB?
Cottero of Charkst?ns
Ohrtttestoiy S. O.
Entrance osamioaUono will bf held ins
the County Court Haoeeon Friday, Julr
6; at 81 a. m. Ono Free Tuition
shinto each county of South X^ltaa\?
awarded by the County^Supfc of ^??a*
tlon and .Judge of Probate.^J?a*d, ant?
furnish ed room io Dormitory, Sn a?
mor tb. All , candidates for adm lesion,
are permitted to oompet? for vacant;
Boyeo Scbolarahipa, whiob leay *1(2J**
year. For catalogue and l>s?ormattom
Armour's year ro?
Staple groceries at prices Ito please sad with
._ th? ??ailty ts
S VaM)IVER B???,
We insuro against loss by Hail Storms.
Office over AtMnson^ Drag Stow,.;