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VOL. I....NO. 8.
CHARLESTON, S.O., TUESDAY, AUGUST 23, 18C5.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
CHARLESTON DAILY NEWS,
ICATHCART, McMILLAN & MORTON,
INTO. 18 HAYNE-STEEET.
DAILY-THREE MONTHS.? ??
j?- Single Copies FIVE CENTS.
??-Ncws Dealers supplied nt a liberal discount.
One Square, Ten Livres, one insertion, ONE EOL
LVR AND ?TFTY CENTO.
Each cori?nuaUon, SEVENTY-FTVE CENTS.
Lees than a square, TiFTKEN CENTS PER LD?E for
Brst insort?on ; HALF PRICE for each<nntinnation.
Two Days Later frc* ttw Korth.
Special Telc?T.-nplilc ?Ispatrhcs to the A?a
gutfiu Count itntionulist.
New YonK, AuguBt 17. -The HtraWs Quebec
correBpondorit says : Tlie Canadian debt irxeccds
-jjovonty-five million dollar?.
Political t?fiairs are in a very ticklish condition.
But little additional money has been deposited
Relativo to Ketchum'B robberies they now say
-the amount is half a million.
The Times* special from Washington says : The
fioccah object to the establishment of colored
?schools, and aro beseeching Gen. Howard to have
them removed. They allege, among other rea
eons, they will cause real estate to depreciate.
Wirts:'? trial has again been postponed
The Herald sayB that all the soldiers now in the
:flold except thoso of Sherman's army will have
teen paid up to the 30th of June last.
A number of citizens from Richmond have been
several days waiting to call on the President with
a delegation concerning pardons. The self-eon
?titutou committee visited the White House yester
day, and -were addressed in a friendly way by the
President, who inquired where they were from. A
member of the delegation, in & pompous style, re
plied, "We are proud to Bay we'are from the city
of Richmond.' ' The President remarked ho did
not see any occasion for pride on that account,
turning his back, and devoting his attention to
other business, thus ending the interview.
New Yobh, August 17_English papers by the
China are filled with accounts ana speculations
concerning the Atlantic cable, but contain no defi
Fortress Monroe, August 18.--Much excite
ment wae caused by the explosion of a magazine
containing a large quantity of powder and ammu
nition, the property of the lato rebel government,
stored in a small wooden house, known as the Tre
degar arsenal. Fragmenta of shells were thrown
miles around. Persons living near had to tlee for
Abpy, August 16.?Up to 1 o'clock thiu afternoon
-there waa no signs of anything from the Oreat
Arrlvnl of the Steamship McClellan at
The steamer. McCleUan, from New York on the
ICth, arrived at Hilton Head on Saturday. We
are indebted to Sears A Co., news dealers, Charles
ton Hotel, for full files of Northern papers of the
36th, from which wo make the following summary
of interesting news :
The World, of 15th, has the fouowing.telcgram
from Washington concerning
THE TOTAL OP JEFF. DAVIB.
As t ho result of careful inquiry, it in be lie ve ?1 that
there is an unwillingness on the part of a portion
of Uie Cabinet to have Jefferson Davis tried for
treason, while there is reason for assorting that
the President is persistent in having him brought
before a civil tribunal. Chief-Justice Chase is ex
pected to arrive here in the course of a few days
for consultation with the President aa to the time,
the manner and the place which shall be d?sign?t
ed. The ablest counsel in the United States are
also being consulted upon the subject There is a
fixed determination on the part of the Executive
that there shall be an immediate and fair trial, by
a jury of the country, for bigh treason.
A Washington dispatch to the Tribune, August
INTERNAL REVENUE PWIHIOK.
Tho Commissioner of Internal Revenue has de
cided that where a person purchases trees of nur
serymen to till orders previously obtained, and
delivers the same at different stations on the rail
road, either by himself or his agents, he is required
to take - out a dealer's license for euch and ovory
station at wir -h he delivers the trees. The same
decision will apply to his agents.
A special dispatch to the Associated Press, dated
Heart's Content, August 14, tin Aspy Bay, August
We bave just heard, through a schooner named
the First Fruit, which arrived at Harbor Orucu on
' August 14, that at four o'clock A. M., on tho 6th of
August, she saw the Oreat Eastern and a large
screw steamer in latitude 51.40 North, longitude
38 Went. At ' : o'clock A. M., on the same day, sho
saw a beacon buoy, with a flog marked "Great
Eastern, No. 5." The ships were at the time about
five miles Southeast from the buoy, and the wea
ther was exceedingly thick and foggy.
The captain of the First Fruit endeavored to near
, 'the- steamer,, hut owing to a calm was obliged to
give up tho effort.
- The bc?ow ?tourner went alongside the schooner
and spoke-with her. The captain of the steamor
(which is supposed to bo the Terrible) hiformed the
captain of the schooner that the cable parted on
tho 3d instant, and that the buoy was the mark
where the cable was last seen.
v ^TFheaptO?in of the schooner further sUtos that
' he is not certain ?f the exact position of the-buoy,
having bad no observations for several days.
., . . The ne w? caused ?mite an excitement among the
fearful inhabitants of Heart's Content.
We had been expecting for several days that somo
disaster had occurred to the fleet, out were not
prepared fbr < the ue tl?al announcement when it
ra5**?^ * We do not, however, give up the ex
pedition as a failure, as when last seen tho steam?
i?8^0?"? endeavoring, to .discover the location o?
the buoy, showing that they had not abandoned all
. ^^9.? cvonlually laying the cable. "
V^:??ckay, the aapermtondemV of the New
foundland telegraph line, is yet, hopeful, that the
. G/ealyEMteni wilT arrive in tho course of a few
days with the cable all right.
,.I MEN dobcribi) to you the deep disappointment
whichpreraito among the people in general.
j~i AP**^J*,l]*/iiHS*i'ttas iHtt ?act thai the general
feehng is, after bo many-failures, that the Atlantic
cabio is a thing which will never be successfully
iloWaftor.fl from) St, Johoa a*Jd otheTtoiacoa
bave gone home, and the reporters and telegraph
ers aru'411 that remain of-tho thousands who 11 lied
th,o v?lagtj laut weok.
At the time of the cable breaking it was about
cix hundred miles distant from tlie coast of New
Tho special Washington correspondence of the
Wvrld, under dato uf Augu?t 10, has tho fall
THE WERTZ TRIAL POSTPONED A PAT.
The trial of Oaptain Wcrtz was to havo com
menced to-day, but has been 1'uTthor postponed
wtQ to-morrow. Thin morning, several govern
ment witnesses were in attendance, and there arc
ithers in tho cily who can at any moment bo sum
moned. Tho accused ho? for com mol Judge Hughes,
Clon. J. W. Denver, and Messrs. Puck and Schilde.
The prisoner its a Swiss by birth. When tho United
States "forces captured New Orleans, ho do??rted
his plantation antlntjrroes in Louisiana and, with
his wife and throe ohihlrcn, went to Vichsbnrg. In
18C3 the rebel government sent him to Europe as
a military commissioner. Ho remained Uioro-eight
months, when, returning to Richmond, by running
the 'Wiimiiigton 'blockade, he wa? appointed on
assistant adjutant-general, with th? rank of cap
tain, and assigned to the command of tho Andor
boe ville prison.
AFT.tmS IN MOUTH CAUOZJMA.
General Schdficld, commanding tho Department
dt North GnTolina, arrived in town this morning.
Those who havo conversed with the general repre
sent affaire in North Carolina as much moro satis
factory thamifl represented in malicious Associated
Press dispatches from Raleigh,
SPLENDID CAVALUT UEOrME?IT.
The Sixth regular cavalrv, formerly the old Se
cond while under command of General Robert E.
Lee, haB just received three hundred now recruits,
all of whom have served in tho war as voterans.
This regiment is now in splendid condition, and
was ordered to Texas a short time since, but is at
present hi camp near Frederick, Maryland.
CHANGE IN THE PATEMT OFTICE.
Commissioner of Patents, Ho^oway, finding it
impossible to remain in his position under the ar
bitrary ruling of tho new Secretary of tho Interior,
insisted on President Johnson's accepting his re
signation. Tho President has declined sevcriU
times, but to-day finally acceded to his renacefcj
and appointed ex-Congrobsmau Theaker, of Ohio,
in his place. The latter genli'man has ho on for
r?verai years ono of tho principal examiners of
PREBTOH KING'S APPOINTMENT.
The appointment of Preston King as collector of
New York, created as much surprise here as in
New York. Evon late last night there wo? not an
intimation outside of cabinet officers and high offi
cials of the treasury that such a change had been
made. The new collector was observed at the
White Houho yesterday, but as he has made his
home with the President since April, that simple
fact suggested no inquiry. There were no New
York pouticians in town, save one of small promi
nence, and tboy certainly could not have been
aware, therefore, of the imminence of the change.
Mr. King left for Now York in the morning trahi.
The commissioners to visit tho Western Indian
tribes, composed of Judge Edwards, of the Land
office ; Colonel Parker, of Grant's staff: General
Homey, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and
General Herron, loave this city to-morrow morn
ing, accompanied by their secretaries, en route for
8t. Louis and the plains. They will specially visit
those Indian triboB who have forfeited their annui
ties by joining tho rebels in tho late war.
PROTEST AGAINST CABINET MEETINGS AT THE WHITE
It is said that Secretaries Stanfon and Harlan,
and Attorney-General Speed, have protested against
any more cabinet meetings being held at the Ex
ecutive mansion during the summer months, on ac
count of its unhoalthiuess.
A LOUISIANA UNION MAN.
The statement that ex-Governor Wickliffc, of
Louisiana, i? here to be pardoned, is erroneous.
He has been a Union man throughout the war,
though residing all of the time in that State.
Senator Gorrett Davis, of Kentucky, and General
Horace Boughton, of New York; General Hovey.
of Indiana, and Generals Schotield, Wherry and
Crocker, are in town. Governor Morton left for
Some thirty persons were pardoned to-day. The
only ones of prominence wore ex-Senator Benja
min Fitzpntrick, of Alabama, who was at one timo
Vice-President pro tent., and William Byrd, of
Memphis, Tenn. J. T. Souther, of Now York, was
also amnestied by the President to-day.
SECRETARY BEWARD'b HEALTH.
Notwithstanding tho arduous labors of Secretary
Seward, since his return from Cape May, his health
continues satisfactory, relieving the apprehension
that the duties of the State Department might
prove too exhaustive for his recently shattered en
THE DEFALCATION OF A. P. HTONE.
A P. Stone, a collector of internal revenue of
Ohio, was, it is ascertained, a defaulter to tho
amount of $93,000, His sureties are bound in the
sum of $100,000; they ore perfectly responsible, and
will satisfy tho Government.
INTERNAL REVENUE BUSINESS.
Nearly #400,000,000 have passed through tho In
ternal Revenue Bureau since its organization, and
so far it has not sustained the loss of a singlo dol
lar bv any misconduct of any of its officers. The
last day's* receipts from internal revenue are about
Colonel J. S. Mosby loft Alexandria on Thursday
evening for liis home in Warrcnton, there to re
main until the further orders of the War Depart
ment. Such was the excited feelings, it ia said,
against him on the part of the citizens and soldiers,
that his life was in danger vhile he remained in
Alexandria, several persons, whom he had deeply
wronged dining the war, having armed them
selves to kill him.
EMIGRATION FROM BREMEN.
The Department of State haB received advices
from the united States Consul at Bremen, in which
it is represented that during the next six months
of this year, from Jnnnary 1 up to Juno last, 1865,
the emigration to the United States through the
ports of Bremen, amounted to 16,700 emigrants,
in fifty-six vessels, against 15,063. in sixty-two ships,
in 1863. During the first six month? in 1865, the
emigration through Hamburg amounted to
155,600 emigrants, which gives a total addition to
our population of nearly 31,000 souls in six
months. And from those two ports only a fan
larger emigration to the United State? is expect
ed this fall and next spring, and ah nnmnial num
ber of vessels have already been chartered for
DEUVEBY OF SEVEN-THIRTY BONDS.
Th? delivery of the remaining seven-thirty
bonds will bo made by tho 26th hist. The delay
has been caused by the exhaustion of tho blank
forms of tho smaller denominations, six or seven
million of which in amount have to be printed to
meet the demand.
The Tribune of the 16th, has the following :
Rear Admiral D. D. Porter has been appointed.
ad interim, chief of the bureau of navigation ana
detail of the navy department. This appointment
tills the vacancy caused b-r the death of Captain
Gov. Brownlow.of Tennessee,'in consequence
of having received intelligence that the franchisa
law was not complied with in many places in the
recent election in that State, has iomied a procla
mation making provision for propounding certain
questions to county officers, for the purpose of
ascertaining tho facts. Ho aleo aake for'informa
tion from loyal citizens on the matter, and assure?
them of his determination that they shall not bo
cheated hy any evasions of tho act allndcd to.
James Mitchel, aaan of John Mttohel, reached
rortrofts Monroe on Wednesday evening, to neok
an interview with hia father, which wVU refused by
Gen. Miles, the post commandant. ./
.A Boston paper states that the principal hotels of
that city havo bad all their stock c4 tugar* seiaed
by; national officer-, for allowed iiiftac?ohs of the
internal revenuo laws.
-Gold or wed on Saturday ift-H&?, sola' at HI,
then rallied to 142, and cloned strong. ^Oovern
ment bonds wore dull and steady, with tho excep
tion of 7.80t?, which show a declino of ] per cent.
M F. JUGO ANO THE WaWl INUIES.
A Revolution in Havana?Tur. Reactionary Tau- i
ty?Petition to the Progressive Con ans?Tur.;
French in Sonora?Tue Minino TtuoioN of So- j
NORA?Population of Sonora?The Yaquis and
the French?The French Scientific Expedi
tion nv Mexico?Places Visited dy the Expe
dition and What it has Found.
Havana, AuguBt 9.
A REVOLUTION IN HAVANA?TUX REACTIONARY TARTY.
The whirlwind which has bo violently and unex
pectedly shaken Yankee land has been felt not only
in the United States, where it originated, but also I
in our immediate neighborhood, where it now be-1
gins to act. Ile volutions, if not civil wars, arc con- j
taginus; they forcibly inoc?lalo themselves into
other people. The Island of Cuba; the Island I
Queen us it is called, queen by the grace of beauty j
and wealth, has caught the contagion, and is at
present engaged in tho laborious work of modifying I
its institutions. The movement has not assumed
yet tho character of revolution in its own aspect,
although intrinsically it presents as radical a re
form as auy one we have at?compliahcd. Ab I have
already said, the island is divided between two par
ties?the native party, or Cubans proper, who are
demanding an extension of tho right of suffrage,
a greater amouut of local freedom, and the grad
ual abolition of slavery ; and the foreign or Span
ish party, or more properly speaking, the party of
office-holders, headed by M. Dulce, the Captain
General, who is opposing the reforms proposed by
the Cubans, under the pretenco that the political
ai'i?'miletion of Cuba (now under an exceptional
government) with Spain would be untimely ana
dangerous, i much in conacquenco of the ?ivors
ity of race as the difficulty of abrogating the "pat
ronage" exercised by tho planterB upon the labor
I have now under my oycB tho petition of the
Cuban office-holders to tho Queen, and a letter
published in tho EpoCA qi Madrid, the organ of
the present ministry, containing the grievances of
the Cubans?grievances, tho redresB of which is
supported by the aforesaid journal. Both docu
ments are characteristic of the parties whose opin
ions they represent; that presented by tho reac
tionists is especially marked by a vagueness ?>f ex
pression and by generalities about the danger of
innovations, the impossibility of cxtentling politi
cal rights to all classes, and by a formal and ilia
tiuct opposition to the Abolition of slavery. A
noteworthy passage, to which I call your atten
tion, is that m which slave trading ie condemned
as an immoral traffic which public opinion con
demns. Suppose that, suspecting tho sincerity of
that opinion, you happen to turu the page, what
will you see at the end of the document ? AlnH !
nothing moro or less than the signatures of the
most prominent slave-traders of Cuba, such as
Julian dc Zulncta, the Marq?ese of Mariaudo,
Francisco Marty y Torrens, Antonio do la T?r
nente, Gonzales Larrinogn, Tuon Perez Calvo,
Ruiz Leon, aud a lot of others. Does not this
contradiction between words and acts make the
petition of tho reactionist? a hypocritical exposi
tion of aentiments resting upon no single truth,
and having no other incentive but tho interests of
thoso who nave signed it ?
PETITION OF THE PROGRESSIVE ?7UBANS,
Quite different is tho petition of the progressive
Cubans to the Queen. As far as I can judge from i
the letter published iu tho ?poca, the complaints
of tho latter rest upon indisputable moral ground,
upon tho increase of vicee and crimes in Cuba,
resulting from tho present system of government,
upon the necessity of granting political privilege?
by tho assimilation of tho Spanish colonies to the
metropolis, and upon the urgency of reforming
slavory, auch aa it exists at present. Tho petition
ers, wno consist of the best aud wealthiest inhabi
tants of Cuba, state, among other things, that they
hope that the defence of Cuban's rights, presented
before tho Cortes by several of its mombers?a de
fence the publication of which was, by tho way,
prohibited in Cuba?will be continued, and that tho
words of the Dnke La Torre, asking whether Span
ish colonies would always have been treated as the
illegitimate children of Spain, will be remcmbei*Hcl
as a forerunner of the reforms which Cuba needs
ENTRANCE OF THE FRENCH DJ SONORA. .
Correspondents in Sonora, attending the French
expedition in that region, describe it as a most
beautiful country, as a real heaven oil earth. The
valleys are especially delightful. They are planted
with pine, cedar, oak and ebony, and are teeming
with all sorts of game. Watered by numerous
stream?, and covered with everlasting green, they
are moat prolific, and will produce two crops of
maize a year. Tue Jesuits who, from 1570 up to
1710, had established in the country several hos
pitals, had built in these valleys bonica far the con
valescent. It was usual to say that the patients
who were sent to these houses were sent to the
paradise of Sonora.
THE inNTWO? SEOXON OP SONORA.
The great wealth of the country consists, how
ever, in its mines which, on account of their im
portance and character, deserve a special descrip
tion. It is impossible, at present, to givo accurately
their location and number, Sonora having never
been settled by the Mexicans, owing to the disturb
ed condition of their government and the selfish
ness of their leaders. The most reliable account,
I think, is that given in 1776 by the Qommandancia
General, a Spanish ?company who had the monop
oly of tho mines in Mexico. At that time the dis
covered deposits of gold and silver exceeded the
number of thirty. Most of them have been worked
since, and are still producing very handsome re
sults. Among the richest are La Naguolla, Saint
Xavier, Preciades, Tajo, Babicanoro, Ban Jose do
Gracia, and L'Amada.
POPULATION or SONORA-THE YAQUIS AND THE
The whole population of the State amounts to
about one hundred and thirty thousand inhabi
tants, including the Indian tribes, such as the
Apaches, the Mayos, the Papayos, the Opatos and
the Yaquis. The latter are the most numerous,
and possess, on the river of that name, somo very
fino villages and buildings. The Yaquis can put
under arms from ten to twelve thousand warriors.
This was their number when they attempted to
drive the Spaniards out of their country in 1740
and in 1825, On both occasions the struggle was
a long one, and was marked hy unheard-of atroci
ties. Finally they were vanquished. Since that
time they have lived in open hostility with the
whites, and have refused to acknowledge any kind
Notwithstanding their savage nature the Yaquis
are said to bo better than other Indian tribes.
Sober and industrious, yet at times gay, aud
always passionately fond of the dance, they have,
like tho French, a congeniality of habits, the offect
of which haB obviously been very favorable to tho
latter. Wherever the French eoldierahave gone,'
their cordiality and openness of manner? has
found an echo in tlie hearts of tlie Yaquis, who ?b
delighted U> find in his conqueror a man who
shares with him his brandy and-his money, who is
particularly gallant with i_?: ladles, and very fond
of amusement and dancing.. All tho Yaquie who
have been reached have sworn inviolable attach
ment to the French, and have, with the mass of
their countrymen not yet visited by ?rouch troops,
rejected all the advances made by Juarez and his
friends. Formerly they were fondly attached to
the Jesuits, who under? tood them 'well; and com
posed for them dancing tunes and ballets, with
which they have amused themaelveo for the laet
UEA?TY OF ISS YAQCIJS WOMEN.
The women of that tribe aro generally very
beautiful, short, with ellgbtty brownish skin, long
hair, large eyes, elegant waists and fino form??.
Also, they justly boast of having given tho name
of Sonora to tho State, and are .fond of relating
how it happens that the beauty of one of their ?ox
was tho origin of that appellation. In 1580, when
the Spnniurds explored, for the first time, th<;ir
rieh und wealthy country, they were well received
by flu? chief of a tribe * of Cnyoins. whose wife,
young nud handsome, was related to the ancient
Yuqui/, prints. This woman and her husband
treated the Hpaniurds with great hospitality.
When, on their return, they spake of the regions
they had visited, they called it the country of the
handsome Se?ora, the land of the handsomo lady.'
This name was, by euphony, changed into tlio
name of Sonora, which bus been officially adopted
arras of sonora.
The most important cities of that country are
Uros ; the capital, Hermosillo, situated at about one
hundred and thirty miles from the gulf of Califor
nia ; San Fernando do Guaymas, possessing an ex
cellent harbor, and considered, with reason, us ono
of tho best on tho Pacific (the French have lost
landed there); Onosura, Guadalupe de Altar, Aris
pa (which, till 1782, has been the capital of the state
and the residenco of Spanish authorities); Horcas
itns, Scncguilla, Hostimun. Alamos, Sonora, Scuta
Cruz de Mayo, with a small harbor visited by the
coasters of Lower California, and La Liberiitad,
with a good and safe harbor. It was through that
city that our government used to send, with J . 1
rez's authorisation, arms and material.of. w m/?>
t he corps of army encamped in New <\?)o* * ^u
the frontier of Texas. J
the french scientific expedition, f^y1- \
The French scientific expedition appointed by
tho government to do in Mexico what Champoluon
and Geoffroy St. Hilaire did, at the end of the last
century, in Egypt?that is to say, give a report of
Mexican antiquities?has begun, and is now prr>
secuting its difficult labors?difficult in u'.ore than
ono sense, because to tho knowledge required to
describe the nature and oharactcr of what is found,
uro added the perils of overrunning a wild coun
try, among populations excited by rumora of war,
and not always friendly. The expedition is ilivideu
into four commit-.; es?committee on medical and
Datara! edenes, committee on physical and chemi
cal science, committco on history, language
and archeology, and committee on statistics,
political economy and public works. The three
firHt numbers of tho work undertaken by the
expedition have already bcon published.
Among these articles already published I find
some instruction given to travelers by the vari
ous committees, a note on the hydrographical ex
plorations of the coast of Mexico by Rcar-Adniiral
Jurien do la Gravioro, a noto on the exploration of
tho rainerai deposita by Mr. Combes, Information
given by M. lo Baron Groa on the ancient monu
ments of Teotihuacan and Xochicaleo, and a no
tice of Mr. Roger Dubos on tho mineB of the State
(?f Chihuahua. Tho second number of the work
contains on article upon tbo making of the pulque,
tho favorite beverage of tho Mexicans, by Mr.
Uoussingaidt; an article on tho medicine in Mexi
co, by Mr. Leon Cindet, and a list of the works of
fered to tho expedition. In the third number there
is a memoir of Mr. Do Quatrafaycs upon the maps,
made up by Malte Brun, under the title of "Ethno
graphy of Mexico," and a map of Yucatan; a report
of Baron Larrey on tho works inserted in the Me
dical Gazette of Mexico, a summary of tho sitting?
of the expedition, by Mr. Anatole Durny; an arti
cle relating to agriculture; an article upon tho
artesian well of Santiago, and a note on cottou
culturo in the State of Chihuahua.
PLACES VI81TED BY THE EXPEDITION AND WHAT THEY
The parts of Mexico hitherto visited by the ex
pedition are those most important for archeology
and antiquities. Several caravans of explorers
have already started from Merida, and aro located
in the various regions of tho ruins. Fholographic
proof-sheets and very handsome drawings uro al
ready iu circulation in Moxico. Tho next steamer
will bring several collections, which will give an
idea of the artistical wealth of the country. They
will contain palaces, pyramids, temples, &c, far
superior to those found at Palanque. The prov
ince of Oajaca and tho shores of the Pacific are
also explored. There tho commission has found
hieroglyphic tables, a few fragments of sculp
ture, and a few symbols of ancient divinity,
among which is a god with a parrot's head, which
seems very odd, and is an object of much disserta
tion among French Bavons. If any ono happens to
come into the hall whero they meet nothing else is
heard of but Aztecs ond Toltecs. Those who are
acquainted with Egypt pretend that the scientific
ruins of Acahuai ami Yucatan are still more fruit
ful than those on tho shores of the Nile. The
Committee on Public Works havo also the task of
studying the ground for the opening of an inter
oceanic canal through the hikes or from Colon to
Panama. ThiB project is, as everybody knows, a
favorite ono with tho Emperor of France, who was
already contemplating it when confined in the
prison of Ham as u political prisoner and us a pre
tender to the crown of France.
Our Steam Marine.
Since the close of the rebellion, the steam ma
rine of this port has received large and numerous
additions, partly of vessels that had been uued in
the navy and for government purposes generally,
and partly of new steamers. Manv are still so em
ployed that will, by and by, bo added to the mer
chant marine; but at present there are 629 steam
vessels registered at Una port, representing 41,5,065
tons burden. Of this 70,000 tons aro employed in
the coasting-trade alone.
Sailing ships henceforward will only find employ
ment in transporting tho coarser staples. of com
merce, such as coal, timber, oil, heavy machiner v,
and a portion of the crops of cotton and bread
stuffs. Ports which before tho rebellion seldom
were visited by a steamer now havo their steam
1'ii.s, and plans are now making to extend our steam
commercial enterprise to distant points hitherto
not possessing sufficient advantages to guarantee
a fan* pecuniary return for tho risk. In less than
a year we abaft, doubtless, be in communication
with China, Japan, and the Sandwich Islands, by
steam, and our lines will be extended to Brazil,
saving many days in time and much expense.
There is also a movement, inaugurated by tho
Messrs. I.cary, for an American line of steamers to
Europe. They will dispatch tho Circassian on the
19th instant, for Southampton and Bremen. The
old Havre line is also to bo revived with tho Ara go
Wilmington and Manchester Railroad.?The
first train through to Manchester. S. C, by the
Wilmington and Manchester road is advertised in
this morning's paper to leave here to-night, at
eleven o'clock, and will arrive at Wilmington, in
return daily, at four A. M. This road will connect
at Florence- with the Northoastern Railroad to
Charleston, and the Cheraw and Darlington Rail
road from Florence to Cheraw. Owing to tho un
finished road between Columbia and Manchester,
there is no roil communication established as yet,
but a line of stages are now running between the
two places. .
The great advantages that tho opening of this
road affords to Wilmington, at the present, havo
been 'spoken of before. Being the first line of
communication yot opened entire with the South,
and running through a scope of country, the
larger part of which is immensely rich, and which
heretofore has had no transportation for tho pro
duce accumulated, it must necessarily be of greater
advantage commercially than would at a moment
be anticipated. Cotton and turpentine ho m piles
along this road awaiting this reopening, that a de
pot for its sale might be established here. The
majority of this cotton is of tho best staple-^being
raised in South Carolin?, Georgia and the States
further South, and will, in any market, command
tho best and hicheet price paid for the raw-article.
I W?mitigton Herahi. 17<h intt.
_--?- - ?.-j?
The racing week at Saratoga closed oh Satur
day. Tho running comprised a hurdlo race, a walkt
over, a mile dash, and a handicap race. Tho lat
ter was tho feature of tho day, no less than seven
heats being rrin before the contest was decided in
favor ol Thunder. The owners of Fleetwing ?hal
lengod Kentucky to run a four mile race on Mon?
day, but the challenge was declined.
The Provost Marshal of Mobfio has issued an or
der requiring the arrest of negroes found upon tbo
streets after 9 o'clock at night without passes from
their employers. He has also given notice that
negro testimony is not valid against white men.
*? <?? . -
Brigadier-General Sent is appointed Provost
Marshel-Gsneral of Texas,
Wnll-Stre? t Convulacd.
FAILURE OF ONE OK THE LAROBItT HUMS IN THE
RANFU?O QUARTER? PORCINO AND AHSCONIHNO Of
THE JUNIOR l'ARTNER?1IIH DSFABTOBS WITH
The latest excitement in Wall-street, and proba
bly the greatest for a number of years, is the an
nouncement of failings in distinguished finiimrial
circles. The old and honored firm of Blown. Mor
ris Kotchum, Son A Co., has failed for an immense '
amount of money, and Edwin B. Ketehuin, the lato
manager of the concern, and the ?on of the senior
partner, has suddenly disappeared, and a? funda
to thu amount of $2,000,000 are found to be missing
at the sumo time, the conclusion is that the young
man has absconded with the money or its equiva
lent in bad debts.
Mr. Kctchnm, Br., resides at Westnort, Conn.,
and was telegraphed night before last try Mr. Bolk
nap of the firm, that his presence was required in
town. Mr. Ketehum arrived yesterday morning,
and for the first time learned the character and
extent of the astounding frauds which had been
perpetrated by his son. Ho immediately directed
the bonne to suspend payment, and make an in
vestigation into tho condition of it? affairs. Tho
? ?stigation shows that the frauds wore perpe
trated on the house to a great extent by abstract
ing the collaterals, which bankers ami brokers had
leit with them as hypothecations of loans, and on
which advances had been made. As far aa ascer
tained, the members of the house arc of the opin
ion that they will be able to pay fift v cents on tho
All the remittances received yesterday morning
from their correspondents, Mr.'Kctchuni directed
to be specially deposited in one of thu city banks
to tho credit of the partios concerned.
Mr. Ketehum ?b the senior, and has been esti
mated to bo worth from $5,000,000 to $6,000,000.
CHARLES ORA11AM A CO.'S LOSS.
Mr. Edward B. Ketehum is said to havo forged
gold-cheeks upon the Bank of New York to the
amonnt of $200,000, which rumor increases to the
possible amount of $250,000. The gold-chccka
were taken from a book procured in Juno last, os
tensibly for the use of CharlcB Graham ?V Co., who
having made a deposit, drew a check or left their
sip;naturcs with the Bank of New York, which
acted as the custodians of gold for speculator h and
brokers. Tho checks wcro numbered from 58,501
to 50,000, both inclusive, and wore for $5000 each,
and it is supposed wero all used, making an aggre
gate of $250,000. The entire filling of tho checks
was a forgery, and tbey were used as collaterals
and held for loans.
Of course, they were not presented for payment.
They were not well executed, and their appoaranco
should havo disclosed tho fraud at an early pe
riod. They were mostly used among country and
German houses, and the Fourth National Bank
loaned upon them to the extent of $225,000, to par
tics outside of tho banks of both Ketehum and
Graham. It is stated that in addition to this for
gery of gold-checks, Mr. E. B. Ketehum ha3robbed
the firm of which ho wae partner and activo man
ager of a large amount of securities. The sum is
Elaced as high as $2,000,000. Mr. Graham, whoso
usincsa has been mauged by Mr. ?. B. Ketehum
for the past two months, being ill, is a loser to tho
extent of $280,000.
The street was filled with rumors of other loa?ea
and failures, and a general panic prevailed. Very
low quotations were consequently mado in tho
stock market, and thore was little buying at tho
close of the day. The principal character in this
case, Mr. E. B. Ketehum, is a, youthful, dashing
man, and waB entrusted with largo Bums of money.
The tale of his transgression iu brief and easily to
be traced. Living daily in tho atmosphcro of Wall
street, he became infatuated- with the gambling
spirit of that locality. He cast and lost. Little
by little, he was led in deeper and deeper, until,
to gratify Ida gambling propensities, he wont at
any length and all lengths, swindling not only the
concern over which ho had Bway, but oven commit
ting the crime of forgery to accumulate the means
for fresh gambling. Yet he carrietl this load upon
hia brain and conscience bo quietly and skillfully
that no one of those who were in every day contact
with him dreamed of his guilt. He was seen, on
Sunday night, to leave his father's house with a
small black carpet-bag, which, now that ho is gone,
is remembered to have appeared stuffed full of
bank notes, Government bonds, or something of
the kind. He has departed, and may never be ar
rested, but hie punishment will be groat wherever
he goes, and the dark close of his careor ia merely
a repetition of the conclusion of many a wild
drama that has been enacted in Wall-street, where
gold is fcver the soul of tho plot
THE LAST EXPLOSION.
Morris Ketehum has for many years?pchans
forty?been a shrewd, observing, cautious, thrifty
Srivato banker in our city. Helias grown gray in
evotion to money-making, and has ucen general
ly supposed quite successful. No one who knows
him has deemed him worth less than $1,000,000
any time these ten years: and if we had been asked
to name the private banking houses of our city in
the order of their wealth and stability respecuve
ly, we should probably have placed MorriB Ketehum
& Co. second on the list.
Suddenly, there is a crash I There are fraud
ulent gold certificates afloat 1 Some one muet have
forged them 1 A good many " smell woolen." and
there is a general scrambling and peering to see
who arc and who are not "stuck." Tho younger
Ketehum turns up missing ; and the father, sum
moned posthaste to the city by telegram, arrived
yesterday morning io learn that his son has forged
gold certificates, and sold hypothecated stock?, and
overdrawn accounts, and swindled right and left to
the tuno of some two millions of dollars or more?
nearly all of which he ia presumed to have lost in
reckless, luckless stock speculations ; and that
Ketehum & Co. havo no choice but to stop pay
We trust that the first aspect of the caso is the
worst. We hope to hear within a week that tho
house of Ketehum ft Co. has resumed payment,
and that its respected head can and shortly w?lre
tirc with enough to support him in comfort for tho
rest of his mortal life.?N. Y. Trilnine, IfA.
Front IVxas?Arrival of Gen. Sheridan.
[Correspondence New York Tribune.]
Brownsviixe, Texas, July 25?Gen. Sheridan
and staff came up to this point yesterday from
Gal vos ton, and were received by Gen. Steele, com
manding the Department of the Bio Grande. On
the staff ore Col. M. P. Small, Col. Sawtello, Lieut.
Col. Glicselin, Major GiUcapie, Major Parsons and
Major Kiss. " ,
This visit of Gen. Sheridan io the Headquarters
of tho Department of the Bio Grande is only one
of an unimportant nature. He will remain at this
place two days, and will, during that time, take a
look at the Quartermaster's Department and tho
sanitary arrangement? hero.
At present everything will be found very quiet
by the General, and he will only have some sanita
rv matters to claim his attention. From tho other
sido of the Bio Grande he will hear of nothing to
break in upon the general aspect of tranquil vigi
lance observed on both aides of tho river.
This place and Matamoras are both full of spies?
who report to each other's headquarters anything
of importance that takes place on the river. Pj
The sanitary state of the army of tho Rio
Grande is fair, in spite of bad water, a burning
sun, and at atmosphere filled with dust. "Dango
fovor" is prevalent This ie au-o called "hone
fever," and consista ot pains in one's bones, which
renders a man miscrablo enough while the attack
laste. Tho number of vacant buildings bore afford
some good hospitals, which, it must bo or.ld,? aro
tolerably well fined. , , .
A few hundred bales of cotton, In bad shipping
order, have been hauled here from 'the ulterior,
and will go down the riveras soon aa a boat icon
.bo had. ,-?
- i i ?>. .' ' "
Gentrat. Cars.?A correspondent writes s We
rarely meet with the name of General Case io? tho
papers; but he "still lives," at the ripo age of
eighty-four years. Ho res idea on Jeffersoc-etreet,
Dotroit. in a handsome modern-built dwelling,
while his el?eBt eon occupies the old family hbme
atefcd, two squares distant. Though afflicted with
the feebleness and forgetfulness naturally incident
to his patriarchal age, he maintains better health
and a more active spirit than' could reasonably be
supposed to belong to hi? time of time.