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The Charleston daily news. (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-1873, August 23, 1865, Image 1

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VOL. I....NO. ?).
CHARLESTON, S. C, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 93, 1805.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
THE
CllM?LWON DAILY NEWS,
?rCATHCART, McMILLAN & MORTON,
PROPRIETORS.
No. 18 HAYNE-STREET,
TERMS-CASH.
,T>Att,Y?ONE YE\K. .'SIO.OO j
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?OH* News iScalers supplied?* a liberal discount.
ADVERTISING?.
OnoStpiare, Ten Liwcs, one insertion, ONE DOL
XAR AND FIFTY CENTS.
Earth continuation, SEVENTY-FTVE CENTS.
Less than a 8<iuare, FIFTEEN CENTS PER L1*NE for
fu-Ht insertion ; HALF PRICE for-each continuation.
:?VSSIA!V OVERLAND TELEGRAPH TO
EUROPE:.
Since Balboa thai a tared at, the silent expanse of
?tho Pacific from a mountain peak in Daricn, and
carricil back to the civilized world an account of
its existence, no circumstance in tho history of
that ocean ha? occurred at all cominoiiBurutu in
importance with tho laying of the submarine cabio
under it, to connect, though not perhaiis-for the
11 rut time, the continents of America and Asia.
. Tliia last link of those fetters with which the intel
ligence and energy of man has enabled him to cir
cle the entire globe around, will be completed
within a n?)w comparatively brief period of time.
On the 12th ult. the barque Golden Ilulo, tho Uag
Bhjp of the ItuiiHJan Telegraph expedition, and the
nteamer G. S. Wright, with Col. Buckley, com
mander of the expedition, his staff, and a number
of employees, sailed for the Gulf of Anadir and the
ahorca <>f Bchring's Straits. It is not proposed to
aubroerge tbe cable at the Straits, because a strong
current exists there which runs from south to
north into tho rolar Sea, nn?l this might endanger
the safety of the wire. The G"lf of Anadir lias
accordingly been selected for this purpose, and the
expedition will proceed at once to the preliminary
work of sounding the Gulf, and afterwards of lay
ing down the submarine portion of tbe cabio.
Commencing at New Westminster, a town in
British America, just iiorth of tbe United States
boundary Une, and lying on the banks of Fruer'l
River, the telegraph Une will exten.l nortkweat
\ ward along the Pacific coast to the Russian pos
sessions, which begin at Simpson River, and
thence, by way of New Archangel, to Norton's
Sound, which is opposite the Gulf of Ao&tlir, and
is situated in about the sixty-fifth degree of north
latitude. It will thence be c?>ndiu:ted to Behring'?
Island, which lies midway between Norton's Sound
and the Gulf of Anadir, and is the place where the
intrepid Beiiiii.vh was wrecked, und where he died.
From thence it will reach the continent .of Asia,
spanning the sen at a point where it is only four
hunched miles wide, by two submersions of less
than two hundred miles each. Thence coasting
tbe eastward shore of Asia, southward to a warm
er zone', crosbing the sea of Okhotsk to the mouth
of the Amoor l?iver, the Une will make its way
through the Russian possessions in Asia, across
tho entire continent, a distance of over four thou
sand miles, to connect with the Russian system of
telegraph posts which conduct to St. Petersburg
in Europe. It will thus be Becure from the inter
ruptions which might occur were it to pass through
the possessions of any of Jhe semi-barbaric nations
which populate the southern portion of Asia.
What ver may be the ultimate fate of the Atlan
tic cable, there can be no doubt oi the vast ut?ity
and importance of this overland enterprise. Not
only will inetantaneoas communication, which al
ready existe from here to the Pacific, be continued
to within a comparatively short distance of tbe Ja
pan Islands, but that great desideratum of the
commercial world, telegraphic communication be
tween Europe and America, wiU be secured beyond
poradventurc. Storms may rack the shore end?.
of the Atlantic cable, ships anchors may pull it up,
kinks may untwint it, iti electrical condition may
be impaired beyond remedy, or its continuity de
?troyed by some unforeseen obstacle. No matter:
the land line across Asia will remain, and to the
working of this, as experience has proved, no more
irreparable interruptions can happen than every
day befall those lines which are in constant use all
over tho whole civilized world.
It should be a source of no genuine regret that
neither of those greai enterprises can ever be
wholly Americau, nincc neither the sea to tho
eastward nor the land to tbe westward form a por
tion of the empire of tbe United States. Let it
suffice for our national glory that the inccpt?>rs
and practical engineers of both lines are Ameri
cana, that tho mode of working them wos an
American invention, nay, even that the identity of
lightning and electricity, that great discovery
which was the necessary precursor of electric tele
graphy, was the conception of an American mind.
The results of our free int>titution8, of our system
of common school education, of that restless de
nire for discovery, and of that quick intuition
which accepts innovation where innovation is
beneficial?aU of which are peculiarly Ameri
can?are illustrated in those great enterprises, in
a wt.y which cannot but be sufficiently gratifying
to our national pride.
To a people accustomed as wc are to the use of
the telegraph wire, it is scarcely necessary to point
out the immense advantages of this line of com
munication with Europe. To embrace all its won
drous result? within a single phase, it will be as
though the entire civilized world were removed en
masse to our doors, and aB though wc were re
moved to theirs. Cargoes will no longer be shipped
to .losing markets', crops which, when raised, bear
no profit), will no longer be grown; manufactures,
doomed to moulder away on shop-shelves, will no
. longer be wrought, or, if wrought and unsaleable,
will quickly learn their way to more profitable
mart?; merchant? w?l require no longer tobemil
1 lionaires, nor will commercial prescience be de
manded for a period long enough to em brace two
voyages, for it will be narrowed down to one. For
' -., instance, if /ho. Tri?eta..corre?nondcnt qf-a New
, ; .Yclrk house atjvi?ei? tl?fc; latter ?hat flour Li In de
, jco&nU et.tbe former plac?, and repommends a car-:
? ?ff to.be1 shipped there, it now taken, ?tin with tho
?id of.the telegraph in Europe, two weeks for the
intelUgcnoc to reach ite destination. -If.a ship in
.then dispatched to Trieste with tbe flour ?o dc
?.. mAndoil, twn months more are cooeuroed en the
voyage, and the vessel arrives at Trieste ten week*
altor t*.!<; advices wero first sent.
Tht! market Pur Dour, meantime, may have: eon- {
oMorably fallen, and the shipment may have to bo
wold ?it a loss. Tea week? of commercial fore
thought, and the pecuniary ability to sustain it*
consequences, bo thoy whut they may, arc tints
required, and (his involves bo nmeh experience,
und ho much capital, that the larger operations of
commerce arc virtually monopolized by a compar
atively small class of poisons. Telegraphic com
munication with Europe would narrow tho time
down to two months, and probably by thus lesson
ing tho risk of bad adventure would enable the
shipper to afford tho employment of steam ves
sels, which again would reduce it down to three
weeks. Tho market chances of three weeks ahead
would only, therefore, have to be considered, and
tho doss of porsons who possess intelligence and
experience enough to calculate such chances with
a fair degreo of certainty, and who can command
capital enough to await tho result of a three
week's adventure, being so much larger than the
class who now have almost entire control of the
great commercial avenues of the world, commerce
will lind its way into not only moro numerous but
more entorprising hands.
Tbo results of this important change readily
suggest themselves. Instead of being monopo
lized, aH it necessarily is now, by a few of the
largest capitalists who, being personally unable to
superintend their own vast operations, have to em
ploy others, the expense of whoso services and the
risk they cause to their principals, have to be borne
by tho consumers of the products shipped by them,
00 mm orco will thenceforth be conducted by men of j
smaller means, and men who can devote their per
sonal superintendence to the business. Instead of
revolving around the little islands which form the
British Empire because capital accumulated in few
hands there, it will be conducted by American
merchants, whoso individual capitals, though
smaller than those of their British cousins, are
largely compensated for by their individual enter
prise nnd intelligence. Instead of being the hoir
! loom of a few rich families in Europe, it will be;
within tho reach of all those millions who now are
driven for want of the necessary capital to the hard
work and drudgery of the world. It will throw
open the trade of Europe almost as much to com
mon competition as ?h now the; trade of the United
States, where a man may commence business as a
merchant with scarcely any capital at all. In a
word, it will be as though the entire civilizei world
were removed en masse to our very doors, and as
though we were removed to theirs.
With Asia it will be the same. The trade of
Japan, than which nothing more lucrative can bo
insta need, nnd tho vast commerco which enlcr
j prit'; nnd capital will open with China, must find
j its way into our hand? through the great port of
San Francisco. And branching collaterally from
the route of the telegraph wire to all parts of in
terior Asia, the time would appear to he not far
distant when the great currents of trade instead
of converging in Europe, will revolve in an area,
of which the State of California will form the
centre.
To promote the success of this great enterprise
by every means in our power, and to facilitate the
accomplishment of the grand changes which it is
destined to produce in commercial and social af
fairs, should now be a paramount object to all
Americans. Wo should Mover forget our mission
as a nation?that of not only affording a sanctu
ary to the oppressed, but a free field of competi
tion to the industrious?and every enterprise
whose direct or collateral effects point to thoae
noble ends, should secure the unqualified approval
end encouragement of our people.
-? ?
From Alabama.
New YonK, July 30.?Tho Herald's Hnntsville,
Aln., correspondent, giving a sketch of the con
dition of tho country and the present political feel
ing there, presents a picture no way flattering to
the loyalty or rather disloyalty of such of the peo
ple of that State as took part in tho rebellion at
first. On finding that all was over with thoir South
ern Confederacy they felt themselves completely
humiliated and subjugated, and wore loud in their
calls on the National Government and officer? for
mere}', but magnanimous treatment appears to
have spoiled thorn, and they are again necoming
as overbearing and as imperious in their demands
as ever. Now, instead of being contented with
their privilege?, they haughtily claim their rights.
Their hatred of the National Government is still
as intense as ever, and they are determined to con
trol their State in the old secession and rebel in
terest. Their new Governor, Mr. Parsons, only
about a week before his appointment, in a Bpeecli
at Huntsvillc, contended that the negroes aro not
free, as the Emancipation Proclamation was only
a military measure, und the constitutional amend
ment had not been ratified by tho necessary num
ber of States, and, in his opinion, wotdd not be.
These sentiments were received with immense ap
plause by the poople.
'I he foregoing is a fair sample of what is gene
rally written by Northern correspondents from the
8onth. The credibility of this witness, upon tho
fact of tho disposition of our people toward the
Generul Government, may well bo questioned,
when a falsehood bo manifest is perpetrated in tho
same connection on Governor Parsons. It is pre
posterous that Governor Parsons should havo
taken any such position as that alleged in his
Hnntsville speech, in the. face of the recorded fact
that he announced the freedom of the slaves in his
proclamation, on entering upon tho duties of his
office?a position he has uniformly taken in his
speeches and conversations in South Alabama,
whore the slaveholding interest was much larger,
and, us might reasonably bo supposed, had
more influence than in North Alabama. We
say, therefore, that this portion of tho corres
pondent's statement being so manifestly false, is
a good reason why the whole story should be dis
carded as unworthy of belief. It is our misfor
: tune, however, in the present stato of affairs, to
be misrepresented and misunderstood by those
with whom it is our wish to live on terms of
equality and amity. Unfortunately for us, North
ern newspapers circulate largely among Northern
people, and, being far away from us, naturally
havo a tendency to reflect tho views of those who
know least about ua or our affairs. But we will
not despair yet of having our position end claims
fairly presented to the gicat popular tribunals of
! the North. There aro somo able presaos in that
section devoted to tho dissemination of truth, and
as our railroad lines shall be re-established, eo as
to admit of more general intercourse North and
South, a more enlightened, liberal and magnani
mous spirit may bo expected to pervade the land.
For the present let us be content to do our duty,
and suffer with manly patience and fortitude tho
injustice .being done us by thoae for whoBo mnliee,
cupidity or ignorance, wo are not roeponaible.
Montgomery Advertiser, l$th. ......
Soiitii Carolina Society?
Wc continue,-froin our issue ?>f yi'sterday, short
history of this Association, taken from their publi
cation:
On the 24th of July, 1S04, the Society held th<
first meeting uml-r their own roof?the hull hi j
Meeting, between Bread and Tradd-strcets. This
removal, with th?- extension of the School, induced
them to revise their rules, which were confirmed
on the r>th December, 1800, and pnbtudicd as the
seventli edition.
In December, 1811 public selunds were estab
lished by the Legislature of South Carolina, to
which every citizen of the State is entitled to send
his children, free of expense. This philanthropie
system rendered it no longer necessary for the
South-Carolina Society to continue their free
school, on which they bail annually expended mor?
than ?20U0. It was therefore revolved, on the 15th
of November, 1825? that their free selio?;! should
cease to exist on their ensuing anniversary",]!! March,
1820. As this school bail been founded with the
immediate design of educating the children of in
digont members, a committee was instruct?-?!, pur
suant to this prominent feature in its original for
mation, to digest u plan for the endowment of a
male ami female academy, wherein should be ?^oni
bined, with tbe usual stiidies of an English educa
tion, the more extended advantages of classical
literature. That the ehihlren of needy parents,
or ?if widowed pensioners, should bo educated at
the cost of the oharity; whilst those of contribu
ting nienibei'Sj <iv who had been such at their d?
cense, should be instructed at. the expense of their
respective parents or guardiaiiB, but at reduced
rates of tuition. "Whilst a system of by-laws on
these prescribed outlines was maturing, it became
a question whether the free selmol could be abol
ished without an infringement of the chartert and
whether, also, the charity fund could be applied to
the exclusive and indiscriminate advantage ?if their
corporate community. It was the concurrent
opinion of the Attorney-General and the Solicitor
of the Society, to whom these objections were sub
mitted, that "there was no logal impediment to the
discontinuance of the free si'hool; but that money
could not bo drawn from the eleemosynary fund
for the support of a school, other than for helpless
orphans, or the issue of ?lestitute parents. The
Society, thus legally advised, sought for an en
largement of their charter, which they obtained
on the 20th December. 1820, whereby tlicy are em
powered to erect such seminaries of learning as
they kali see tit, and to appropriate for their sup
port any moneys which rfciy thereafter accrue, or
I become vested in them, unless otherwise restrained
under special donation. A male and female acade
my were accorduigly instituted, ami the annual
sum of ?no thousand five hundred dollars appro
; printed in ai?l of their means. A further sum
' might, on any emergent requisition, ho assigned
| for their UHv;'jii'oeidcd, tho additional appropria
tion ?lid not oxcocd ?me thousand dollars in any
one year. The acad?mies were opened in the S?J
eiety's hall on the 2d of July, 1827, when an imui
gnral address was delivered by William (?. Read,
principal of the male academy, to a numerous, and
liighlv respectable audience.
On"tbe 2d of October, 1827, tho capital of the
South-Carolina Soiicty (including with the evidence
of debt, tbe value of their lamb? and improve
ments) amouutvd to one hundred and fifty-six
thousand ?me hundred and thirty-three dollars
and ninety-five cents. With the nieonie arising
i from thefr productive capital, together with tin
arrearages and n?lmissi?>ii of members, they shol
' tore?! the houseless, fed the hungry, clothed the
| naked, and gratuitously bestowed oil the ehihlren
j of their impoverished members an education
adapted to their destined occupations and pur
suits, whether they were tojbe manual or intellec
tual. |
Tho two acatlcmies wmnUm opened with very
flattering prospects, and >*3(th a number of schol
ars in each, fully e?pialto the expectations of their
projectors and patrons. During thirteen or four
teen yoaiB of their continuance, the Society were
gratified to see the ehihlren of their unfortunate
members sitting side by side with their own chil
dren, and receiving the same instruction from the
same instructors, without the smallest feeUng of
obligation or inequality in the breasts of any of
the parties.
Although these were free schools to some,, they
rcaUy were Society schools to all; and as many in
timacies and attachments were formed between
tlie children of the necessitous and of those who
were not such, as hatl previously existed between
their parent?, while iu social intercourse, they
contributed alike to the same fund, for diffusing
education and charity. Fr?>m the concurrence ?if
various causes, these academies, after some years,
decline?! in tho number of scholars, and became
expensive. By a vote of the Society, in December,
1839, the male academy was closed,"and tho female
academy in March, 1841. But instruction to the
children of unfortunate members was not discon
tinued with these schools. The nialoB were all
educated at the High School of the city, and tho
females, with the approbation of their mothers,
in some of the most respectablo schools in tho
State?both being under the care of the Committee
of Charity. In November, 1842, there were twelve
girls and seven boys educated by the Society, at a
cost of seven hundred and sixty doUars per an
num-, the number of families receiving aid, also,
from the Society, was thirty-seven, ami the sum
paid to them was seven thousand and forty dollars,
which, with tho schooling, amounted to seven
thousand eight hundred dollars, and this has in
some years exceeded eight thousand dollars.
Kuril? Woilt tor September.
Turnips should bo sown during this month, at aU
favorable seasons, and it would bo advisable to put
in a large crop for stock feeding in winter. It is,
generally, best to sow just before a rain, or when
tho ground is dry?covering the seed lightly and
pressing tho earth upon it with a roller or plank.
YVe ftlmoBt invariably bow too much seed, and cover
too deep; but whenever, from any cause, we fail to
get a good and satisfactory "stand," the seedsman
(or vendor, of seed) line to "suffer." It is not ne
cessary to drop a continuous lise of turnip-seed in
the drill, especially when tho more valuable varie
ties aro bo rare and difficult to procure. Two or
threo seeds, dropped every four (4) inches in the
drill, will give you a good "stand," and save a great
deal of seed and thinning ont.
Cotton should be picked as fast as it rip ne, and
carefully stored away for ginning. Every lock of
lint should be saved now, as tho "great staple"
must be scarce and dear for a long time to come;
and it should bo the ambition of all planters to
send their crops to market in the best possible
condition. Choice and valuable variet;es of cotton
seed must also bo selected and carefully saved, bo
that wo may bo ready to go on successfully in the
culture of this indispensable crop hereafter. ?Lot
all who have superior Cotton seed, either Sea Isl
and or Upland, advertise it widely, in time for tho
next crop.
Cow Peas must be gathered and stored away in
a dry placo?giving particular attention to tho
saving of choleo sorts for the next year's seed.
Pea-vino hay should also be made, and stacked
away, as heretofore directed. Corn in tho drill,
AliUet and other summer forage crops, may now
bo cut, cured and preserved for future use. Grass,
such as "Crowfoot," "Crab" (or "Crop"), etc.,
must be cut ?hen in full bloom, and cured with as
little exposure to tho nun as possible. The old
negro style of waiting tul "Bret frost," and then
pulling up a lot of dead, dry, sapless grass, and
calling that "hay," must be stopped. It la not in
accordance with the "progress of the ago.w (We
shaU give our readers a special chapter on "soil
ing" cattle, and the culture of grasses and forage
plants hereafter, as it is absolutely necessary that
a nevo add improved system should be intro
duced.- -Southern Culilvi?tor.''
*-?- >- -1 .
The grave-diggers iq Jfrimce .im.fttriUpg? si j
A Bjtruiigc Ht or y.
i;KM.\r.K.\r.i.i: a?vlntisues or AN outcast heiress? ,
urn ruiiTi'XB ano UEi: mikfouvunc.
[AVwn !>< ' C!ii:'!jo TiiifS, At'gust ".]
Sfntiy years ag?i a young German couple ombnr?i- !
I'd from their native shores, in try their fortuites
in the now world. An emigrant ship landed them
in du<- lime in Xow York. Their destination was
the West, and lliov cume to Chicago, where limy
determined to s< tt?t?, and hopetl to lie- able t? earn
?i livelihood, besides laying something asido fi'".- the
futur?-. They both applied l-hummdVos diligently,
and. by dint of hard und drutlgmg toil, und the
strictest economy, thoy managed lu lay up yearly
; a Hindi amount, so that in time they had together
saved enough tu make Diem comparatively inde
pendent. Tho years Hncccedod one another, und
in the course of time, three children, two boys und j
i a girl, were given theru to gladden their hearts und !
! lighten their labors.
When the girl, the youngest child, was a year
old, the father sickened nnd died, leaving hin
widow and children enough to enable Uiem to live
| in ease; and comfort. Time passed on and Die babe
grew up a beautiful, intelligent girl. The oldest
! Htrti had just reached man'a estate, and liad gone
forth to gain his livelihood, when a second time
the dread messenger crossed the threshold, und
1 the mother, whoso tender care and good oonnst'l
had been lavished upon her children, was taken
from them, and toe two youngest, not able as yet
to tread life's stony road UUltidcd. were left without
the aid of her advice aud admonitions. The dying
mother committed tho two little ones to tbo care
of it man whom she hud considered a good friend
to her, as their guardian, with asolciuuinjunction,
which he promised to obey, that he would core for
them and bring them up* Hardly had the grave
closed over the mother's form before the poor
orphans were made to feel what Kort of a protector
had been chosen for them. The little children,
who, while their mother hud lived, had never
? known a cross word or a blow, where now daily
and hourly made to feel Jhe cruelty of the mail I
! who had promised to care for thoin and raise them j
i in kindness. The i oy was early sent off to earn
'. iiis living as an apprentice to a tobacconist, while
the e;irl wus not only obliged (o perform the most
iiicninl drudgery, but oven subjected to abuse and
' punishment. At length the fiendish cruelty of the
| man took a designing form. He thought of tin:
' property inherited by the children, and, longing to
grasp it as his own, drove: the girl," his ward, from
his uoor into tho street, not earing whither ghu |
went or what became of her, provided she did not
: return to claim the property which was bei' own.
The little: outcast, thus turned upon the world,
. sought the advice of a lady who nael known her
parents in former years, and who obtained for her
! a position in a family as a child's attendant. The
child, unaccustomed to duties of this character,
proved but a poor assistant, ami she was obliged
I to seek place after place. Thus mutters went on,
j the:young girl serving many inistresstn in whatever
' capacity sue could make' herself useful, herself
[ neglected, ofton sculdod, and rarely hearing a kind
word addressed to her. So the" young orphan
> gre:w up, until a short time ago, and now i:i her
: fifteenth year, she was abruptly discharged from
the situation she was holding, and turned upon
? the street. Her worldly effects were few, and
gathering them hastily together into a bundle,
j bIio went forth. Disconsolate. sorrowing, almost
crazed by the thought that she had no place to
which she could go, no kind friends on whom she
cuultt loan fur support or protection, tho outcast
wandered about the city, hardly knowing or caring
whieher she went.
? The appearance of a young girl on tIio streets of
? this great city, with wan, pinched features, and
garments of coarse, homely texture, is not such
! ail unusual 'sight us to attract the attention of any
; humanely-disposed passer-by. where all is bustle
and confusion. Night closed over the unfortunate,
? who, weary and hungry, ^at down on the ajdawalk
; on Jackson-street, where the thought of her utter
; loneliness and destitu? ieui caused the tears to
course freely down her checks. It was fast grow
j ilia dark, when a couple of gaily-dressed young
? fellows happened along, and, attracted by the sobs
: of the girl, questioned her as to the cause of her
I grief. They urged her to go with them, where,
? they said, she could be made comfortable for the
i night. The unsuspecting girl, not thinking auv
thmg wrong, waB about to comply, when a lady
who was passing, and heard the proposition which
; the men had made, stopped, and informed the girl
j of her danger, at the same time offering her pro
! toetion until a home could be provided. Tho girl
? followed the lady home, ami there, for the first
i time surrounded by those: who would sympathise
with her, and who would not visit her with abuse,
she unfolded tho eventful tale of her short life.
j Her kind-hearted protector, convinced of the truth
of her narrative, from the girl's artless a'nd
straightforward manner, placed the matter in the
I hands of the munngers of the Young Hen's Chris
) tian Association, ol th?B city, by whom it was care
fidly investigated, and the facts of the girl's state
ment substantiated.
It was learned that the girl, whose name is Cor
nelia Miltoiiberger ?k, conjointly with her brother,
tbo owner of two houses in this city, which to
f ether realize a sum yearly amply t-uflleient for
he support of both brother and sister, besides
which they are entitled to about f5000, which was
willed to them by their mother. Her guardian
lives on Michigan avenue, and is in circumstances
which should have placed him fur above any action
so low and baso as to defraud the poor orphan of
her pittance. Ho lias been summoned to account
for tnd disposition made bv him of the property of
theso children. Meanwhile the girl is in good
hands. She is at present remaining with a Kind
lady in tho west division, who has offered her a
filace with herself until a comfortable home shall
lave been provided for. The girl is at liberty to
choose a guardian for herself, and once more re
stored to those comforts which have so long been
denied her, it is hoped that her life will hereafter
be happy.
HEADQUARTER8, FIRST SUB-DISTRICT,
Military District ok Charleston,
Charleston, 8. C, August 21,1865.
[8rEciAL OnDEiw, No. 110.]
IV. MR. J. P. ROGERS 18 HEREBY APPOEHTED
MA RINE SURVEYOR FOR THE PORT OF CHARLES
TON.
By order of Rrovet Brigadier-General W. T. Bennett,
Commanding Port.
GEO. 8. BURGER,
First Lieutenant 54th New York V. Vola.,
Augu at 22 3 A. A. A. General.
HEADQUARTERS FIRST SUB-DISTRICT,
Military District op Charleston,
Charleston, 8. C, August 20,1805.
[General Oboers, No. 72.)
I. CAPT. CHARLES G. CHIPMAN, 54th MASSA
CHUSETTS VOLUNTEERS, is hereby relieved from the
duties an Acting Assistant Adjutant-General of tho Post
and First Sub-District of tho Military District of
Charleston, and will rejoin his Regiment, which is to
muster out.
II. Flrat Lieutenant G. 8. BURGER, 54th New York
Volunteer?, having been unsigned to duty at this Post by
order from District Headquarters, la hereby announced
as Acting Assistant Adjutant-General of the Post and
First Sub-District, and will be obeyed and respected ac
cordingly. W. T. BENNETT,
Brevet Brigadier-General,
Commanding Post and First Sub-District,
Official: G. 8. Buroer, First Lieutenant Mth Now York
Volunteers and A. A. A. Gen. 3 August 22
HEADQUARTERS, FIRST 8UB-DUBTRICT, )
Military Dnmucr op Charleston, >
Charleston, 8. C, August 17, 1805. )
(Special Orders, No. 112.]
I. CAPTAIN W- W. 8TEPHEN80N, lMth N. Y. VOLS.,
la announced as Post Treasurer.
Captain ROBERT R. NEWKLX, 54th Ma*?. Vol?., will
turn over to Captain STEPHENSON all funds and re
cord? pertaining to the Post Treasurer's Office, taking
Ids recelpta for tbo same.
By order of Brevet Brigadier-Gern roi W. T. Bennett,
Commanding First Sub-District.
CHARLES G. CHIPMAN,
Captain 54th ?f op sacbuse t te Volunteer?, A. A- A. G.
Augusti? r>; ; aa : . r. ..... ,._ 9
FOR NEW YORK DIRECT.
THE NEW AND FIRST-CLASS
2EJ
?LH?MBB?,
ROBERT It. BENSON.Commande*,
WILL LEAVE 1ST.OWN'S SOUTH WHARF OX
Saturday, tin- Stetla tasteut, at ? o'rtix !. pn<ris? Ijr.
in ight au?l l*aHseii|iorH token at iuwirst rates. Apply
to TH/.DDEUS STREET, No. 74 East Day.
/Wllp GRANADA will leave un Saturday, the 2?!
of Sept? lilljer. AMffMt '11
FOR NEW YORK DIRECT.
THE SI'LENDID SIDE-WHEEL STEAMSHIP
QUAKER CITY,.
west.Commandes,
will leave brown's houth wharf on tues
DAY, tbcSHh inpt.-iut, at ? o'clock, precisely.
For r nicht or Passage, having SUPERIOR ACCOM
MODATIONS, apply to THADDEUS STREET,
August 21 No. 74 East Day.
FOR NEW YORK DIRECT.
THE FIRST CLASS UNITED STATES MAIL.
STEAMSHIPS
C? M I"? ERLAND
AND
MO NEK A.
THE SEW AND ELEGANT S1DE-WHEEJ, STEAMSHIP
C ? jM B E It L A N I)
WILE LEAVE ACCOMMODATION WHARF OK
Saturday. Angnyl lii'.tli.
For ?rrtJRht ?r Passage, having?nperior aceomanwlay
. tltSW, appi? to ARCHIBALD GETTY & CO.,
Nos. l'JO und 12H Meeting-street.
t(h~ Tlic ftvorife Mcnmship MONEKA. C. P. Marsh
? man Command?, will leave Thursday, August 31.
August SI
FOR LIVERPOOL._THE liltl'lisu
'Barque IRMA, Capt- John Cummins, will re
>ciiv?? Freight on the 24tli instant for the above
port, and nail with dispatch. For engagement?
apply to WILLIS k CHISOLM," MiUs House.
A?ig;iHt 21
FOR LIVERPOOL.?THE Al BR.
' Birl; EXCHANGE is now receiving Freight at
>South Atlantic Wliurf, and will leave with din
i-??patch. For Freight applv to
WILLIS k CHISOLM, Mills House.
Align?t M_
FOR BOSTON.-THE SCHOONER.
FRANKLIN will have quick dinpatch for the.
ubove port. For Freight apply to
GEO. W. CLARK ft CO.,
August 21 No. 145 Meeting-street.
FOR PHILADELPHIA_THE LINK,
Sihooncr J. W. LINDSAY, Cupt. Boycc, will sail
*tt>wi?i ?litpatch. For Freight apply to
Tj*utaSm H. F. BAKER k CO.,
August 21 3 No. 2? Cumberland-strict.
HEADQUARTERS, DEPT. OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1
Hixtoh Hka?, S. C, August 15, 18G6. )
?Geneiiai. Oroehh, No. 18.]
I. THE PROVISIONS OF THE FOLLOWING CIRCU
LAR will be strictly enforced throughout this Depart
ment. Officers of the Inspector-General's Department
! will ti.ke cognizance of it in their inspections:
WAR DEPARTMENT, V
BonEAU orRKruoEEfi, Fiieedm>:n, asid J
AtASKONED Lands, f
Washington, June 2U, 1865. >
[CrnconAn, No. 8.]
I. The following ration, being substantially that estab
lishcd in General Orders No. 30, War Department, 18M.
for issue by the Subsistence Department, to adult refu
gees and to adult trcediuen, when they are not ?jnployed
by the Government, and who may havo no menus of
subsisting thein selves, is republi.shcd fur the Informatie?
of officers of the Subsistence Department who arc issu
ing rations to the persons tbove mentioned :
IIAT10??.
Pork or bacon.10 oz.
Fresh beef.'.1C oz.
Flour or ?oit bread.1C oz.
Hard brea?.13 oz.
(in lieu of fresh beef. V
(twice a week.)
(in lieu of Hour or sort
bread.)
(five times a week.)
Corn Meal.IG oz.
Beans, pea?or hominy, 10 lbs.
Sugar. 8 lbs.
Vinegar. 2 qts.
Caudles, adamantine or ! (to lOOrationp.r
star. ?oz.
! Soap. 21bs.
Salt. 2 IbR.
Pepper. 2oz.
Women and children, in addition to the foregoing
ration, aro allowed roasted Rue Coffee at the rate of ten
(10) pounds, or t?a at the rate of fifteen (16) ounce* to
every one humlred rations. Children under fourteen (14)
years of age are allowed half rations.
II. Issue? of provisions to the classes of pcrsonajibov?
described will be made on ration returns for abort pe
riods of time, not excee?Hng seven days, signed by
commissioned offloer, and approved by the commanding,
officer of the post or station, and, when practicable, by
the Assistant Commissioner or one of his agents for the
State or District in which the Issues are made.
At the end of the month these orlglual ration return?
will bo entered on a separate abstract, compared, certi
fied to, etc., as is described for iasucs to troops In para
graph 23, Subsistence Regulationa of June 8, 1863, No
subsistence stores will bo turned over in bulk to any
Assistant Commissioner or Agent whatever to be by him
issued.
TIT. In many cases the classes of persons above named
are t "vly able to subsist themselves: In which event,
only such part? ?"1 proportions of the ration a* I are ac
tually needed will be issued.
O. O. HOWARD, MaJor-Genert"\
Commissioner Bureau Refugee?, Freedmen, etc.
Approved : A. B. Eaton, Commissary-General of Sub
sistence, hut
II. AH "abandoned" bouses and lands now in the pos
session of the Military Authorities throughout tjic?8tat?
of South Carolina, that are not required for Military use.
wiU bo at once turned over to such agants of th?;Purea?
of Refugee?, Fre?dnaon and Abandoned Lands, *? hare
authority, from Brevet Major-Oenernl R'8AXT05,*to re
ceive them. "
By comnund of Major-General Q. A. ?izam?MP
W. L. M. BDR0EB,
Assistant A?Hutaut-G??h?raL
Official : T. D. Hora?a, Captain 35th ?. 8. C. T., Act?
IngABBletAntAdJntant-OencraL 3 AbAwtin

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