Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER !), 1863.
In ouii USUB of yesterday wo took occasion to I
prcsont that tbe condition of the South is a sufli- !
cicnt guarantee of her fidelity to the Union; that j
tho States of the* South must, of necessity, accept
their former relations to tho General Government;
that there is no room for the supposition that
they will incline to test again the powers of that
Government; none that, by any possibility, they
could be successful; and that, in the face of facts
like these, it was unnecessary and gratuitous to i
-ask or offer asseverations of a fidelity to which the j
acts themselves afford the most conclusive and un
But, in the persistent demand for such assur
ances, and in the continued assertion that they
aro insufficient, there would seem to be the pul
poso that they shall bo bisufticieut? that there is
not, in fact, the wish to find us clear; that the
charge itself is more pleasant than the refutation
of it; and tho effort, therefore, to make a case
against us, from which the discharge cannot
bo altogether perfect, and, in virtue of that, to
hold us indefinitely in colonial dependence; or,
if forced f.? let 08 in, to let us in on condition only
of continued responsibility for good behavior.
Upon tbe question whether wc are again to re-j
enter the Union, or whether we havo ever left it,
or what, in fact, is our stalus. ordinances of so-1
cession existing or repealed, wo havo nothing to
Say. To justify the war, it was aflirmed that j
there was no power of secession in a State, and :
that it continued a constituent of the Union?ordi- j
nances to the contrary, notwithstanding. Whether
that principle in war will do in peace?whether in
tho Union, through resistance, we are out or it?
resistance ceasing, and that dissolution for which
our strength was inaulHcient, will come of our
weakness and prostration?is a matter which the
Government, or the party that controls the Gov
ernment, must of itself determine. But it is to be
assumed that the Union will prevail; that the ob
ject that inspired the efforts and achievements of
this long and bloody war will not bo voluntarily
abandoned in the moment of fruition; and that in
consideration of their own interests, if not of ours,
tho States remaining in the control of the Govern
ment will still insist upon the restoration of the
Republic to its original condition; and agreeable,
therefore, as it may be, to punish us and keep
us at a disadvantage, that conviction process must
bo applied to us within the Union. Upon this
aubject, how over, as we have owned, wc have noth
ing to say. It would be agreeable, of course, to t
be restored; we have no reason now for any or-,
-ga?iz:) tion of our own; we would rather be the
equals than the subjects of our sister States; and
in (he Union we see no reason now why we could
.not coincide in its action, and find in it room aud
verge enough for every tendency and power we
may possess; but the action must be determined
with little refercr.ee to our wishes. It was not
from considera tion for us wc were made to feel
the severities cf subjugation : it will be from as
little consideration we shall be restored to the
Union; and both argument or entreaty on the sub
ject, therefore, will be alike impotent, and alike
unbecoming and gratuitous.
Assuming, however, that we will be restored to
the Union, and there be made to feel at leisure
the inflictions meet for our offences, it wen- per
haps bc*t to be fi"nnk upon the facts that must
arise. It would seein to be implied, in any such
policy as this, that wc are still to present some
principio of distinction from the other States |
known us free States, and thus continue a mark for
legislative action. But in this there is room for
some mistake. We would not disappoint our sis
itcr States, nor do an act offensive in thus re-en
tering tue sanctuary of this Republic; but wc be
lieve it will be the purpose of every Southern State
to obliterate every trace of distinction?to become
as like one and another of the loyal States as it may
be possible to become;?to want nothing,?ask for
nothing,?aet for nothing that shall not be equally
?desirable to at least a majority of the other States,
iar.il present no single point of divergence from the
majority of States upon which it will be possible to
fix the edge of legislation or oxecutive discrimina
tion. The vengeance, therefore, that is to be taken
upon this people must be taken now. Frankly we
own the purpose to become in perfect consistence
with the great democratic family of States, and if
punished, then it must be in defiance of every law,
and for having done exactly that which it is now
assumed we merit?punishment for not doing and
net affording sufficient assurance that we will do.
It may be said, however, that desiring to be
come In social identity with other States, we w ill fail
of doing ao from the- fact that wo will have a large
colored population, which may afford the cause
of legislative action; and that if the ordinary
powers of the Government bo not sufficient, thero
will be tho power in the amendment of the Con
stitution now recommended for adoption. In this,
also, there may be some mistake. Alargo colored
population, wc admit, is a blessing; but it is one it
is rot our purpose to monopolize. Their friends
arc at the North, and these people would like to be
nearer to them. The material improvements, then,
and splendors and displays; arc greater. These
attract tho colored race. There is no impediment
to their going where they 'please, and it is quite
certain they will be pleased to (look in numbers to
tlie Northern States. It may bo supposed that
poverty will restrain them; but little will be re
quired to take them to any section of the North,
and this little, if to be hud from no other source,
will be furnished by their former masters. Tho
feeling is still kind, and thero aro many men in
every district of the South who would cheerfully
contribute so much to placo theh.- former slaves in
the comfort and ease to be hoped for at the North,
and which can scarcely bo hoped for in many sec
tions of this devastated country.
It may be thought, however, that tho States
themselves, opposed to such a population, or de
sirous to be free from a condition which they in
tend to make a cause of discrimination against
other States, will interpose their laws and officers
to keep them out; but here, also, thero may be
liability lo error. If tho Congressional amendment
shall he adopted, it will give to; Congress power to
legislate upon the aubject of liberated negroes. If
?Congress shall see fit to confino them to those
?Hates where they are at present, it can do so, ol
OOttrso; but if it shall not, thero will not be the
power in any State to resist the act of Congress.
Tho policy Congress shall pursue will bo nccordanl
with tbe will of the majority of that body. W<
will be of that majority?wc intend to be affect?e
by no condition that shah plac? us in a minori
ty again. Wo wdl favor the liberty of move
ment to tho colored race. The Northern pooph
arc their friends, and they will favor it. They wil
Lavo tho power of Congress, therefore, to ontei
any State, and there is no Stato that will ven?an
to resist them. Wc havo learned what, it costs t<
moot the forces of tlie Government. Forty thou
sand of a voting population 'of- f?rty?slx thousand
and two hundred million dollars of our property it
this Stato alone, have'fallen in' this issue; and
paying such a price for our instruction, it wero fui
to presume that we Lavo loarnuil the lesson well,
and when the occasion comes can ?roil recito it.
Wo hopo the time for auch n recitation may
never come. We have known enough of war to
long for peace; but wo desire to nay that our course
is now in perfect ?-?insistence with the Government
of this country; that if ?aunes arise, we must act
upon them with that Government; and that if our
fellow-citizens of other sections have cause of
quarrel with us further, it cannot be for reason of
hostility to that Government which, in the nature
of the case, we will of neceaoity sustain.
We would also say that to our fellow-citizens
generally we do not attribute the sentiments ex
pressed by many organs of public opinion at the
North. We believe that they did light to restore
the Union; that it is their purpose the Union shall
be restored; that it is their purpose thrt the Union
so restored shall ho in nature aa in name the Union
of coequal .States?tho,t they want no inoro of uh
than to become constituents of such an Union; no
fruits of victory, but the restoration of a lasting
peace. But they, like us, have been often unfor
tunate in their organs of expression. It might
seem that more was wanted; that there was a claim
for vengeance; a ilcsiro of the ?moluments of n
provincial government, and that it is the wish
of those who have the power to repudiate the prin
ciples upon which the war was fought, and own at
last that the war for Liberty was a war for Plun
der. To those who were honesl hi this war, wo
say we are grateful for the moderation you
exhibit, and for you, what WS have said above if?
not intended; but for those who have waged this
war under pretext?who have crimsoned our soil
for plunder, ami who pretend to question loyalty
that they may now achieve it, we have intomled
what we say, ami we feel assured we sait l??vn hurt
the feelings of no honest man in doing SO.
The gifted, but erratic Dr. O. A. Bsowxdox has
published a paper in the New York Tribune upon
reconstruction, in which some points are put with
great force and clearness. The Doctor commences
by assuming as a fact that the "construction of
civil government cannot be ?lone under the war
power, but must be ilone under the peace power of
the Constitution, if ?lone at all, because it is csaen
tially a work of peace." He then denies the right
of the President to reorganise the States hi the
manner proposed in his North Cttrolina proclama*
tion, agrees with him as to the right of each Sr:>te
to designate the depositories of its own political j
power, but "not for reasons assigned by the Presi
dent," and ends thus:
I complain of the exception*" from amnesty and
pardon made by the Prcsulcnt in his proclamation j
of the I'.'th of May. I knew not how he derived |
the power to issue any proclamation of the sort,
and regard both his pardons and exceptions as i!- !
legal. lie could only let the law take ita course.
But I question the right of the Government to j
treat tin- lad- acc?dera as traitor.-. The rebellion
was a territorial rebellion, ami the whole territo
rial people were implicated in it. and you cannot
arrest and try for treason a whole territorial peo
pin of eleven* or at least seven millions. The re-j
in-llion assume?! the dimensional of a territorial
civil war, as the Supremo Court decided, ami the
people engaged in it. when they have submit ted j
and returned to their allegiance, aro not liable to
arrest and punishment aa traitors. Public policy
ami political economy oppose it. The nation can
not afford to lose so large a portion of its territo
rial people; ami when millions are equally guilty, i
the Government must hang all or none.
The persons cxccptcd?that is, proscribed?about
two millions, are precisely that portion of South.
ern society which can least be spared. They are
needed to'enable the late rebellious States to" sus
tain themselves in the Union as sell-governing
communities. To bang, exile, or disenfranchise
them is to throw the State Government into the
hands of the least efficient, the least intelligent, i
the most ignorant, and the most prejudiced classed
of Southern society, ami precisely those who have
the greatest horror ?if negro equality. The oppo
sition to negro equality, you are aw'are, increase:?
in proportion as yon descend the aocial scale. The
wealthier and more intelligent classes of the South.
proscribed by President Johnson, are the best
friends the negro has, not the poor, degraded non
Besides, the Southern pco2>le hold, and sincerely
hold, the doctrine of sovereignty, as did before
the war the majority of the American people. O?
that doctrine none* of the Southern people have
been rebels or traitors, for they seceded before
levying war against the United States. I apree
with you that that doctrine is a political heresy,
but I have never seen a aolid refutation, notbns?-d
on a heresy of an opposite character equally great.
The Soutlieru people did not believe it a heresv,
ami were not, in their own judgment, either rebels
or traitors, but patriots, fighting for the freedom
and indeneudenec of their country.
Petroleum in Europe.
A correspondent of the Semaphore, of Marseilles,
writing from ifanok, Austrian Galicia, on the 16th
of July, says :
Tho constantly inorcaaing importance of the
trado in mineral oila at Marseilles, attracts atten
tion to the oil deposits of Europe.
It is now certain that, in a period more or less
long, the old continent will not bo tributary to
America for oils for lighting extracted from the
earth. Every day new uatural reservoirs of pelro
leuni are discovered; and a'- the same time geoln
jg'nia are beginning to understand oil fields belter,
and the manner in which they are distributed ovc-r
tho globe. Already observations haye boen taken
which enable researches to he made with much
greater chances of success than when they were
carried on at hazard.
Among tho localities which already export petro
leum is Moldo-Wallachia. There is an intimate
connection between the reservoirs of petroleum
in Galicia and Moldo-Wallachia. As regarda Ga
licia, new ihBCovcries are being made every dav.
The inhabitants of the country are beginning to
be seized with the oil fever, ami are boring the
soil. Unfortunately, however, they carry on ope
rations somewhat mindly, and thuy arc without
good instruments; but foreigners are already be
ginning to bring tools and money, and that la all
that is needed.
There has been much discussion cs to the origin
of petroleum. In America it was at first thought
tliat this substance waa produced by Uie-dissolu
tioh ?if coal and bitnniinoun schists; but thirf hy
pothesis has liad to bo abandoned aa insufficient.
The decomposition of vegetable tissues, ami eveu
of tho bodies of gelatinous animals in the geologi
cal epocha, has also Veen considered the caus? of
petroleum, and it is certain that it has contributed
aomewhat to the phenomenon. But the enormous
(liiiuit?ties of petroleum and bitumen which ?are
discovered in the four parta of tho world, and the
circumstances which nave oceurretl during the
search for and the working of the wells in America,
do not permit this second explanation to be ac
cepted as sufficient.
What I see in this country, for my part, autho
rizes the belief that there are great subterranean
reservoirs, fed by the bituminous directives which
come from tho centre of the earth. In other words,
I believe that there are still eruptions of bitumen,
as there aro saline,' sulphurous and o^her-crup
tioua. The petroleum which ?v? colkct comes,
therefore, to us, in great part, from the interior,
and not from tho H?perfloes of the terrestrial crust
When petroleum is found in recent formations,
as in Galicia, it is almost always at 100 to 150 feoi
in depth, in wells which have to he sunk. Tho oi
must he got ont'eithor by buckets or a pump. Bui
, in America. ?fU-r emptying euch reservoirs, sheets
from widen the oil spchjgn to tho, .surface, hav?
been found. In some cases they have been roacho?
] by borings to a great depth. In the .part of Eu
rope, however, Of which lam speaking, the uppei
reservoirs are hi basins of rock. This rock is im
penetrable, but between clefts hi it it is probnbli
that the lower sheets' will be reached, and" that, ai
in America, tho oil will spring to the surfuco
However tins may ho, tho reservoirs near the sur
, face of the earth nresont a wido flohl to commer
. cial enterprise. It is of importance, howevor, tha
1 j explorers, in order to avoid disappointments, an?
f j to obtain tho host results with the loast possibb
j outlay,-should allow themselve* to bo guided b;
' pure "scionce. It teaches that there are oil denos
i its from the Oder to the, Danube.and hyaeekinj
- in that line, nucccas can hardly fad to bo attain??]
Morchantq stato that at no time in tho histor
of New York Lavo there ever been so many goi)d
i distributed from that point as within the past tow
r i week?.
mposes two columns per dav.
f. He agitates.
feel very downcast at 'be in
fi-Aud compared with later
ceeps a fai deposit in the Bans
(?stpii.eu expressly ron TOE daily news.
T*t Newport season ??closing.
Tb Ravels have arrivtl in New York.
Tfcre is not a store tobe lot on Broadway.
Tb western grape ere? is looking bettor.
Tb comet is coming tjiu fall.
Tb sheep cholera baSappearcd in Missouri.
Nw York has C820 U. ). pensioners.
IJliards arc rccommmdedin cases of insanity.
Omgrcne in the foot was tic causo of Governor
Brugh a death.
'lie recent big robberies inNew York aggregate
Tie Great Falls cotton mils aro starting with
lichard O'Gormau deUvcod the oration at the
grmt Irish pic-nh near New fork.
'.'ho unexplodod shells aromd Fotersburg arc a
teiror to the ploughmen.
The privates of tho New 1>rk Fire Department
ari to le paid $.700 per annul.
K correspondent says it is t lamentable fact that
Christianity is not popular aiEHagara Falls.
The editor of thoTribuncjomplains of the nox
ious Weeds?political fungi-in New York.
Mumford, the New York ^roker, has been dis
charged from custody and ppnouncod innocent.
Tho Keshs have coiiiniciled an eugagement at
tho Broadway theatre.
A betrayed girl in Hobokn, New York, commit
ted suicide by eating pkospswos acid.
Tho revenues for the Used year of Cuba woro
Two Or Ihres large frauds sicm to be hushed up
every day in New iork.
They are raising a liberal sum in Richmond for
Mrs. Joff. Davis.
The finders of the assassin Booth have uot vet
received their reward.
A man in Borneo owns a diamond bi" as a hen's
eggaud worth a niil'ioi.
Harry Leslie has nfedo his ??<"onth ascension
over Niagara river, aal Uves 10 boast of it.
For getting drunk p British soldier in Canada
receives sixty lashes, i
A steam car with ?dummy engine daily circu
lates in the streets ot?t. Louis.
Paul Morpby is jioparing his chess-book in
The name of A. *i Stewart is mentioned for
Mayor of Now York. 1
Jeff. Davis says kepevor heard of Wirz before
Paris is much alirmed at tho approach of the
About 7000 peoploBied of cholera in Alexandria,
Wade Hampton'Jnpplicatien for pardon is ou
file in Washington. !
Secretary Harlaj was formerly a Methodist
The Washington Republic says the President
and his Cabinet unja unit
Greeley say3 ho <
He composes noth.
Jenkins is said t
significance of hi
In trying to shcl a street-car conductor, a man
in Buffalo shot libobidf dead.
Two ladies were- ccidentally shot by a sentry in
Washington. Ho pi s trying to hit a man.
Set out your stiwberry bed.*, is the advice of
the agricultural pbors.
Insv.rar.ec agStttt earthquakes will be necessary
I if pr?sent goiugs b continue.
A recoi.t cxporijfrom Richmond was G100 bush
e!s of tobacco aa'is.
i The Treasury larks In Washington are said to
? be much in need f a Maine law.
All the sigr.i* pMr.t to an Immense business?
high prices and gi-.'t apparent prosperity?during
the coming ?M.-N. 1. World.
The PlaybUl cali the unsuccessful spinsters on
; their way home fpm the watering places, "Our
I returning veteran.*'
The Providencj Post thinks Mr. Blair's speech
i is of such a charcter that " it ntsst bavo a reply
in some form."
Nineteen million of dollars in specie have been
exported from Nijv York to Europe since the 1st
o? "January last.
A young womh jumped from a railway train
? while at full speol in Pennsylvania, and her hoop
? skirt a;ivcd her lil;.
Newport letterlvritera unite in telling us bow
democratic the lily bathers are. They don't ob
ject to the cmbries o? the serfs. Horrid, isn't it ?
The Louisville tournai saya able-bodied negroes
are said to be seljag in Texas at twelve and a half
cents a dozen. ?
President Johtion is blamed for the speed with
which he pardonj. Tho President declares that
Speed has nothig to dg with it.
Since January 1st there have arrived in'this
country 33,000 emigrant women. Bad news for the
anxious and aimtas.
They represent rain in a Paris thcatro by ranges
of bright white total wires, upon which electric
light is dashed i&ormittcntiy.
A circus comptny at Charlton, la., had a fight
with the poputpo and lost six in killed and
We are sorryito say that tho keepers of tho
?uorrQla priitonanqve a good m my folons o:: their
The Last Rowj of Summer.?Tho lato matches
between Cambrilgo and Yalo.?New York Satur
The N. Y. Timjs saya tho first duty of President
Johnson to the ?country is to?tako care of his
Miss Lewis, tte colored sculptor, has gono to
Enro?o to make busts of Horace Maun a::d Abra
ham Lincoln. 1
A cow attempted to butt a train off a railroad
track in Canada and succeeded. After the collision
a reporter says tboro was plenty of beef but vory
The King of Spain is said to be in a condition of
perfect ana incurable physical decay. He is only
a king nominally. Louis Pl.I'.lippo forced Isabella
to marry him.
Old Mr. Kctchum says that bis ingrato son, Ed
i win, stole over two million dollars of securities
! from the firm vault. Bmuggins calls this S caso
! of that vaulting ambition which o'erleaps itself.?
Paris lived for some davs upon the tale of the
wnundrous spider who stole tho gentleman's shirt
button, and it was eo good an imitation of a tly in
enamel that the opitor only discovered tho cheat
whim, by dint of gnat labor, ho had carried it tc
his web, and found Jt too hard to crack.
The Now Orlears Plcaynno says it is a crue!
mockery to oxpresajan expectation that any of the
groat staples of tin- State will soon be produced
"on a scale approxiuating to the production of the
year bofore tltc wat The man who expeots with
in tho next twontvjfivc years to see 40,000 hogs
heads of sugar and'10,00& bales of cotton produce?
in Louisiana, undej the present or any greatly im
proved organization of our labor, is truly a san
A Texas editor liws thus gracefully : "We art
especially indebtod to two lady friends, who shall
be nameless in tais?though they have very at
tractivo namos?fir a magnificent cake, iced one
decorated with rises, lines, crape, myrtle, am
cvorgreons, and agoblot of ?berbot, such as w<
read of in tho tulia of tho Arabian Nights. W<
hope they may fo|d their wings, and conclude t<
remain on this ?arth, and?feed us in this styh
Jacob Strsta-n, the groat land owner, died re
ccutly at hil residence hi Jacksonville, 111. Hi
comnioncod Kith a capital of a silver half-dnlla:
and diod woitb a million and a half of dollars
principally il land, of which he possessed sonn
35,000 acrosJworth $40 to $50 an aero. Ho couli
rido all day vor his property and not seo the cm
of it. He vas immensely stout ?woighiog !I5>
Sounds whu ho diod. He gave $10,000 to tb
tato Sanit ry Committee. Ho was a stauncl
Pbince Ei rEnnAZY, writos a correspondent fror
Vienna, hae managed to ruin himself. In his cas
thisprovoa nient. His Highness* Income amount
to ?200,000 ior annum. Thuro is an execution o
tho estates the debts amounting to the trirlin
sum of ?3,0)0.000, plus ?JS0,000. Tho odd ?60,0C
came in aj tho end u a mere item, or as til
French more exprosslvcly say, un detaU, l'rinc
sterhazy is one of the five great landlords in
lUrope. Prince do Piombinn is bis rival in Italy,
le Due d'Usanua in Hpain, the Marquis d'Aligro
i France, who, bv-thc-by, has done bis best to
??inherit his daughter, the Marquise de Ponieron,
'hat lady's estates, however, extend over some
wenly thousand hectares, to say nothing of her
bateaux, hotels nnd houses in Paris and olso
Pour hundred and ninety-live thousand five bun
ked and ninety-two persons in this city?nearly
ialf a million ?live hi tenement houses and col
irs. There are fifteen thousand threo hundred
ml nine tenement houses in tho city ?bouses,
hat is to nay, in which more than threo families
ivc; and tbeaverago number of families to each
if these is seven and one-sixth. This includes
amilics in tenement houses who, within the Hin
ted space they occupy, tako ?njlxiardors or lodg
es. There is "a story of an inspector who found
our families living in one room, chalk lines being
Irawn across in such manner as to mark out a
piarter of the floor for each family. "How do
rou get along here?" inquired the inspector.
'Verv well, sir," was the reply; "only the man in
ike farther corner keeps boarders. ?New York
I am not and never have boon in favor of making
rotors or jurors of negroes, nor of qualifying them
to bold omcos or intermarry with tho white peo
ple, and I will say in addition to this, that there is
It physical difference between the white and black
races which I believe will forever forbid the two
races living together on terms of social and politi
cal equality. And inasmuch as thoy cannot so
live, while they do remain together thcro must be
the position of superior and inferior; and I. us
much as any other man, am in favor of having the
superior position assigned to the white race, to
which I belong.?Abraham Lincoln.
"The respectivo States are the pillars on which
tho structure of the General Government rests,
and as these are weakened or destroyed, the struc
ture must totter or foil. The personal, social and
political rights of all must be guarded and pro
tected, but these rights are to bo adjusted, mainly,
hv the renpoettea States, leaving tho General Gov
ernment supreme within its sphere."?Judge /A>"
tird, Democratic candidate for Governor of Maine.
Cupid is busy among the colored population of
Tennessee. The Shtifhvvilbi Union, of the 5th of
August, says: The clerk of our county court is
sued, during the month of July, 422 marriage li
cense*. The number issued to white persons, l(i;
to colored, '2UG. He issued as high as 1015 in one
day. Is 11101-0,0 countv in this State that can beat
SarDlVINB SERVICE UY THE REV. WIM.IAM II.
YATES, in the Mariner's Church, 2'u-Moirnm Morning,
at Mm usual hour. 1 September 0
Og-GEKMAN IMMIGRATION, LAND ANDTEADING
COMPANY OF SOUTH CAROLINA.?Notice is hereby
given that application will he made fur a Charter at the
next session of the Legislature.
BontemberO 3* JOHN A. WAOENER.
?5-DURING MY AU8ENCE FROM THE CITY,
Major WM. KEARN has full power to net as my Attor
ney. AU claims against mc will be presented to him,
and all indebted to me will make payment to the Mme.
Se-itember a a* ft. SCHEKHAMMEK.
US- NOTICE.?HAVING WITHDRAWN MY NAME
as Agent of tho. Charleston tStmrter for (hunter District,
I nm now the acting Agent for the CHARLESTON
DAILY NEWS. H. L. DABR.
it j-STATE OF BOOTH CAROLINA. CHARLESTON
DISTRICT.?By OEOllOE lloIST. Esquire, Ordinary.?
Whe.-eas, TERESA tOOE, at Charleston, widow, made
anil to me to grant bar Letters of Administration of the
Estate and Effects of THOMAS IGOE, late of Charleston:
These ore. therefore, to cito and admonish all and sin
gular tho kindred and creditors of the said THOMAS
IGOE. deceased, that they be and appear before me,
i:i the Court Of Ordinary, to lie held at Charleston, at No.
3 BaUedgO-Stroct, on luth day of September. 1883, alter
publication hereof, at ll o'clock in ilic forenoon, to show
cause, if any they have, why the said Administration
should not be granted.
Given under my hand, this first day of September,
Auno Domini 18G5. GEORGE BUIST,
September 1 *2 Judge of Probates.
?lb' STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA?CHARLESTON
DISTRICT.?By GBOROE BUIST. Esquire, Ordinary.?
Whereas, THOMAS UONXELL, of Charleston, Mer
chant, mads suit to me to g:-?:;i h::r. Letters of A?iiiinis
trattOU of the Est?t? and Effect* of GEORGE A. JOHN
STON, lato of Charleston. Muc'oinist : These are, there
fire, to cite and admonish all and singular tho kindred
a:id creditors of the ?aid Geouge A. Johnston, deceased,
that they tie and appear before me, in Uic Court of Or
dinary, to be held at Charleston, at No. 3 Rutledge
Btreet, on the lfith day of September, 18?3, after publica
tion hereof, at 11 o'clock in the forenoon, to show cause,
if any they have, why the said Administration should
not be granted.
Given under my hand, thia first day of September,
Auno Doralnt 1803. GEOROE DUIST.
September 2 s2 Judgo of Probates.
HEADQUARTERS MIL. DIST. OF CHARLESTON. 1
?H.'."?.i>to?i, September 7, 18(35. J
GiiNnnAL Onntins, 1
No. 03. (
I. IN COMPLIANCE WITH ORDERS FROM HEAD
QUARTERS Department of South Carolina, the under
signed relinquishes to Brevet Major-Gcr.cral CHARLES
DEVENS the command of this District.
W. T. BENNETT.
Brcvot Brig. n ml Commanding.
Lsmuso n. Pesar,
September 0 3
Fihst Sub-District, Militai:*' Diw. or Cn.vni.KITC?,
Charleston, S. C. September 8, ldU3.
[Special Osnsss, No. 1-27.1
IV. CAPT. \Y. W. STEPHENSON. 1G5TH N. Y. V..
is hereby relieved from the duties of Post Treasurer, lu
eoaasqusnee of expiration of term of service.
V. Mr. JAMES F. HAV1LAND is hereby appointed
Tost Treasurer. Cayt. \Y. W. Stevenson will turu ovei
to Mr. Jas. F. H a vi land all funds and records npper
taining to the Po:,t Treasurer's Office?taking receipt;
for the same.
By order of Vf. T. BEFNETT,
Brevet Brig.-Gen. Commanding Tost and 1st Sub-Iiist.
GEOROE S. BURGER,
1st Lieut. Clth N. Y. V. V. anil A. A. A. G.
September 0 3
MILITARY DISTRICT OF CHARLESTON,}
Charleston, S. C, September 7, 18?5. )
(Oenebal Obderb, No. 1.]
I. PURSUANT TO ORDERS RECEIVED FROM Dli
PARTMENT Headquarter?, tho undersigned assume
command of tho Military District of Charleston.
II. Captain GEORGE W. HOOKER is hereby an
uounced as Assistant Adjutant-General of the District
Ho will bo obeyed and rcspoeted accordingly. All ri
porta, returns and communications will be addressed t
him. CHAS. DEVENS,
Brevet Major-Gencral U. 8. V.
Official: Geo. W. Hooker, Assistant Adjutaut-Oen'L
September 0 8
HEADQUARTERS, DEP'T OF SOUTH CAROLINA, )
Hilton Head, 8. C, August 28, 1805. )
[General Orders, No. 24.]
I. BREVET-MAJOR GEORGE E. GOURAUD, A. T.
0., Is hereby rolicved from duty as Acting Inspecte]
General of this Department, he having been assigned t
duty iu another Command.
Major JAMES P. ROY. 6th U. S. Infantry, Is hcrcb
appointed Acting Inspector-General of this Dcpartnicn
and will bo obeyed and respected accordingly.
II. Tho attention of the Major-Genoral Command h
having been called to the Immense amount of Stationei
consumed, monthly, iu this Department, it i i hcrol
ordered that hereafter all letters of transmit?a], and a
letters not covering more thaT. one page, be writteu u
half shoots of !Atter iv>;,er only.
III. Local Provost Marshals and Provost Courts rau
purchaso the Sta?onory necessary for their offlco us
from tho funda accruing from flue?, &c, in their roauc
live District? and Sub-Districts.
By command c' Major-General Q. A. Gn.i.MoitK.
W. L. M. BURGER, Assistant AdjuLiut-$encnd.
Official: T. D. Hodoks. Copt. 35th U. S. C. T., Actli
. Assistant AdJutauV-Ocuoral, 8 September 2
CHARLESTON SAVINGS INSTITUTION.
A MEETING OF THE CORPORATION OF THIS
V. Institution will be held ut theOfilcoof Meaam
IYATT. McRUHNEY k CO., No. 37 Hayuo-ulreet, This
fternoon, at Four o'clock.
Heptcmhor o 1 Pnwtrtcnt.
N'OTICE 18 HEREBY GIVEN THAT FROM ANO
APTEB the Seventh day of September, thi< Head
uurteru of the Provisional Governor will ho at Colura
ia. whore all communication)? addresticd to him mu?t
directed. William h. perry,
Orconville. S. C, Augunt28, 1805.
September U 3
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT OF MM'Tit
AUGUST 28. 1865.
IN ORDER TO FACILITATE THE BUSINESS OF TUE
ETATS CONVENTION about to nvHcmblc?<m th?
Mlh of September?M in ordered that the Attorney Gen
>ral i?u?l Solicitor)? ?>t' th?? State, rc-uppointcd under tho
1'rovlninnul Government of South Carolina, ?lo attend tho
ittiiii: of tin' Haid t'onvi-iitiiin, in Columbia, to preparo
?ucli Buaineaa as may be desired by the member?, as di
rected by the Convention.
11. F. PKRRY.
Provisional Governor of South Carolina,
September tl 1
PROCLAMATION IIY THE PROVISION AI?
OOVEBNOB OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 8. O.)
September 4. 1805. j
WHEREAS, A SEEMING CONFLIC1' OF JURISDIC
TION bavins arlara between the Civil und Mili
tary Authorities of .South CSroMna, under the Provisional
Government of the State; and whereas, Mujor-Gi-neral
GILLMORE, commanding the Department of South.
Carolina, having ??ought u:i interview with me, as Pro
visional Governor, in the pretence of General MEADE,
Commanding thu Atlantic Sta'.'t: und whereas, all mat
ter? giving rise to the ki-ciii?iix conflict woro adjusted on?l
arranged with the consent and approval of Major-Gene
nil MEADF. :
Now, therefore, I. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN PERRY.
Provisional Governor of th?' Statt? of South Carolina, d?
proclaim und malm known, that the ternis of4hin ar
rangement are as follows : "Thai in nil eases when?
t'reednien or persons of color are concerned, the CourtH
of the Pnivoxt Marshals shall have exclusive cognizance
to try und adjust them, for the present ; and that all
othh- cases shnll be heard and adjudicated by the Civil
Courts, Municipal Authorities and Civil Officer?, under
aud according to the laws of South Carolina. That the
Civil Courts ?hull be opened under tin? Provisional Gov
ernment, und all Civil and Municipal Officers be allowed
to resume their oflii-iul dlltleif und ?lisehurgo them freely,
without iiitt-miption on the part of the Military Author
ities. That it is further imdcretuori General GILLMORE
will baue u Military Order, and Governor PERRY will,
in like manner, Ifwuc his Proclamation, making known
this arruugemeut, which is to continue till Civil Author
ity is entirely re?torc?l in this State ami the Government
And I ?lo hereby call upon all person* nnd ortlcr theni
to Ktrlctly obey anil carry out the terms of this arrange
Done In Hie City of Columbia, the ?lay and vear ahovo
stated. -B. F. PERRY,
Uy order of the Provisional Governor.
W. ?I. Pkiiuy, Private Secretary. :? September 9
VLL PERSONS HAVING ANY CLAIMS AGAINST
tho Estate of the Inte EPHRAIM S. M1KELL, of
1 St. James' Goose Creek, planter, will present them pro
! iwrljr attested lo WM. E. M1KKI.L. Attorney at Law, No.
i 10 llroad-street; nnd all persons indebted thereto will
I' make payment to the same. ELIZA Y. MlliELL.
Keptembcr 2 ?wit? Qnnlifled Administratrix.
milE FIRM OF M1DDLETON & CO. ?KING DIS
_L SOLVED. I will continue the FACTORAGE BUSI
NESS on my own uccount. office Vandcrlunat'a Wharf.
September 7 3* O. W. HENRY.
IS PREPARED TO FURNISH DESIGNS, SPECIFI
CATIONS ASD DETAIL DRAWINGS lor Buildups
! ?if every description, and in every style of arcbitectura
j Hint muy Le desired. Order* fioul ?my part of the Un 1
I ti-d States will receive prompt attention, with moderato
j ?barges. WALTER S. WEST, Architect,
Corner 4th and Broad-strc? :.<, Richnioiul. Va.
Septi-niber R ?linos
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVE THIS DAY" FORMED A
COPARTNERSHIP for the purpose of carrving on
' U GENERAL COMMISSION BUSINESS IN THE CITIES
'OF NEW YORK AND CHARLESTON, under the nnmo
und firm in each city uf W. 11. k T. E. RYAN. WILLIAM.
I). RYAN will be the partner resident in Charleston, anil
THOMAS F.. RYAN tne partner risideiit In New York.
Consignments ?if all kinds of Produce ami Manufac
tured articles am rcapcetfnUy aollcltcd.
W.M. it. RYAN.THOS. K. RYAN.
Pluee of business in Charleston ut No. 80, West side of
East Hay-street, ami three ?lours north of Tradd-street.
September 5 lnio
BOWERS k BILOOX, HAVING ENTERED INTO CO
PARTNERSHIP for the purpoHC of conducting the
BROKERAGE AND GENERAL AUCTION AND COM
MISSION BUSINESS, will be thuukfi? to our friemU and
the public for u share of patronage.
Office, lor the present, at No. -JJ8 KING-STREET.
J. E. BOWERS,
August 30 10 .1. SILCOX.
WA NTED?PRIVATE HOARD AND
LODGING in a good familv is desired bv a gen
tleman and his wif<!. For a GOOD PLACE, the prico
will not be a consideration. Address "C," Dally Newa
Office. September S
WANTED TO HIRE, A GOOD COOK AND
WASHER for a ?mull family: white preforred.
Must come well recommended. Apply at No. 27 Smith
street, near Weutworth, from U to ? o'clock, P. M.
September H 2*
I?yOU. SALE, OR TO RENT, A VERY
J LARGE AND COMMODIOUS STOREHOUSE, cen
To rent, SEVERAL OFFICES in Broad-street.
Apply to R. M. MARSHALL, Broker and Auctioneer,
No. :X) Broad-street. August S
1 PRIVATE HOARDING, CORNER OF KINO
uml Tradd-atreets. Day Boarders taken.
FOR LIVERPOOL?THE BRIT
ISH Bark IRMA will take fifty bulos UPLAND
COTTON, her cargo being ueurly complete.
?F?ir Freight apply to
September ? WILLIS k C1II80LM.
FOR NEW YORK?STAR LINE.?
The Al Packet Sehr. WM. HUNTER, Captain
illavksen, will have immediate dispatch for tho
?above nort. For Freight or Passage, apply to
D. J. STURGES,
September H No. 10 Adger'a Wharf.
SEW Y0KK& CHARLESTON STEAMSHIPS
FOR NEW YORK DIRECT.
THE NEW AND FIRST-CLASS STEAMSHIPS
QUAKER CITY, Siilewhcel,
W. H. WEST.COMMAOTEB,
R. B. BENSON*.COMMANDEE
THE SPLENDID STEAMSHIP
ALU A M BRA
WILL LEAVE BROWN'S WHARF. ON SATURDAY,
Uio Oth September, at half-pant 0 o'clock A. M., precisely.
For Freight or Passage, having HANDSOME AC
COMMODATIONS, apply to
THADDEU8 STREET, No. 74 East Bay.
FOR DARIEN AND DOCTERTOWN, ALTA
CALLING AT BEAUFORT, HILTON HEAD ANO
THE FAST, NEW AND ELEGANT LIGHT DRAFT
GEORGE W. BEAUFORT, Commahuku,
WILL LEAVE ACCOMMODATION WHARF OH
Monday, September 11, at Nino o'clock precisely,
stopping one. day in Savannah.
For Freight or Pansage, having miporior accommoda
tions,'apply to CHAS. L. GUILLKAUME,
?o. 1-43 Meeting-street,
And No. 0 Stoddard'a Pango, Savannah.
?rS-OOLD AND SILVER.?THE HIGHEST PRE.
MIUM paid for GOLD and SILVER, at
August H So, 255 BJMa-OTREET.