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title: 'The Charleston daily news. (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-1873, September 11, 1865, Image 2',
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MONDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 11, 1805.
Tiik Qi'K-sTioN" as to the ultimata effects of eman
cipation on tho negro rue.? continually arises, und
thcro nro various oploloa?aatott?i?ltttloti. Tuca? ?
aro (greatly influenced by individual fooling? Mon
inlluoncod by a sentiment of roiMigiuuKso to tho
negro?which feeling, however, strangely enough,
exists to tho greatest extent among those who
havo had the least to ?1?> with them?have a com
mon liolicf that they must ultimately perish; that
they cannot staml tin; trials of freedom?cannot
practice tho Hclf-govcrnmcnt necessary to subsist
ence und well-being?cauuot resist the pressure of
a constantly advancing competition from tin- la
borers of the North and Europe, and ?net yield,
therefore, as lighter bodies yield to denser,: and,
accepting thin solution, they arc ready to concur
in measures, yield to tendencies, that lead to that
For ourselves, however, we must h.*i.v we arc not
willing to accept of that solution. There aro many
reason;-, we confusa, that indicate it, but they arc
not necessarily conclusive. Rotations may bo con
ceived of, entirely consistent with the well-being of
both the raced here, which might be sufficient to
sustain the weaker; and the conviction to the con
trary is so repugnant that wo would yh'ld to a
conviction ?if its necessity with great leluctitnc?;. ]
flnr ,.<i'?..?-?t?i ostt/iia, su rai, have liccii much ad- ,
dressed to tho object of allowing the importance |
of the e.olorcil population. This we have chielly
done by efforts to show that he is ho indissohibly
asHOeiativ? with us, we cannot he torn apart with
out irreparable damage to society. Hut perhaps
more ei'.icient reasons may be deduced from con
siilorntions Of individual interest. Tliis is a potent
principle. It muy be unworthy. It were certain
ly to be wished that men and states could net
from higher motives; but experience would seem
to show they cannot. It comes down on human
actions like a law of nature; impresses them like a
great physical fact, which there can be no moral
motive strong enough to overe?une; and as we feel
tolerably assured of the course of a people whom
wo have come to be assured of the course to which
thoy conceive their personal interests points, we
?would avail ourselves of this moat potent pr.nciplc,
and show that we all have distinct personal and
pecuniary interests in tho support and preserve?
ti'jn of our colored race.
That interest consists in iti tendency to sustain j
tho value of our vested interests. Most people '
Iiavo a general notion that population is in some j
Way necessary to tho wealth of states; but few, j
we presume, arc aware how simply it is of wealth, '
tho o:ic aiilhViont and necessary condition. The
importance of Una element is moro apparent in
rudimentary forms of society, and few fail to per- i
ceive that a vast domain, utterly valueless to its
ono inhabitant, becomes of value when there arc ]
two, increases with a third, and rises in value
with the rising lido of population, without the
ulight?!;it change in its condition. But tho con
tinuance of this relation between population and
valuo in established conditions of sodoty is not
ao goneroUy perceived ; and yet, it certainly does
continue. There is a necessary and constant rela
tion between the estimate?! value of property and
the number of people connected with it, and a
change occurring in the one as necessarily occa
sions a corresponding change iu the other, as ef
fects do follow causes.
Tho fact ia more clearly perceived in the value
of laud. A very slight examination of the census
reports, of this and other countries, will show that
the value of overy tract of country, per acre, is in
strict proportion to tho peojte on it ; and what,
perhaps, will seem more singular, the number of
people, in tho present state of money in the world,
will indicate with tolerable certainty the money
valuo of the land on which they live. In those
States of tin's Union, for instance, where there arc
ten to tho srpiaro mile, the average value of land
ia not far from live dollars per aero ; iu those
where there arc twenty, the value is not far from
ten ; ia those where thcro are fifty, the va?uo ?a
not far from twenty-five ; in those where there are
one hundred, as in Massachusetts, the average is
not far from fifty ; in England, where thero are
throe hundred and thirty-three to tho square mile,
the average, per acre, is not far from one hundred
and sixty; iu towns, where there aro ono thousand
on a square mile, tho average, per acre, is
not far from flvo hundred dollars ; and in cities,
whore there are fifty thousand to the mile, the
value, per acre, is about twoiity-rive thousand dol
lars. This would indicate that every individual
who comes to reside upon any o.-.o square mile of
this earth's surface will add proportionately to ?Is
worth, aud that this addition, in tho present rela
tions of money, will not bo far from three hundred
With equal certainty can it bo shown that he
adds t'.i the value of other property. ' The census
returns of 1850, the only one to which we have ac
cess, v.ili show the principie to be applicable to
th?H country at least. Massachusetts, with a
population of about one million, had an aggregate
of about 5500,000,000 worth of property. MiefaV
gan, with a population of about four hundred
thousand, had an aggregate of about $200,000,000.
Connecticut, with a population of about three hun
dred and seventy thousand, had an aggregate of
about :?1H5,000. Nor was this ratio coidined to
tho free States. South Carolina, with a popula
tion of about seven hundred thousand, had an ag
gregate of $350,000,000; and Oeorgia.with a popula
tion of about nine hundred thousand, had ah ag
gregate of about $450,000,000. These statements
do not correspond with any of the tables act forth
in that census, but they result in principle from a
r.omnatisoil of Mm ?litTerer.' ? M?"? *?- ?- ?/??.avut
cd, and arc sufficient to establish tho permanent
fact lb.it population is wealth,?that every man,
whether bond or free, is worth five hundred dol
lars to the state; and they afford us ground for
tho bolief that wo cannot part with ft portion of
" onr present population without the loss of a cor
. responding .port ion of our present property; and
that all aro interested to tho precise extent of ?iis
interests hero, if from no better reason, to cher
ish and sustain tho colored race. We know that
to this it will Lu oxceptad, that what may be truo
with respect to an active white population will not
bo true with respect to a population not active and
not white; and wo know also it will bo urged in
proof of this that here, at least, the principle is
not sustained, and that with atill a population of
flevon hundred thousand, or near it, we havo not
$350,000,000 worth of property. Upon these points
wo will spoak at another time, and will show that
thoro are misconceptions as to tho property of this
State, and that vdiother equal to tho white man
or not, we yet can spare tho nogro only with ir
reparable detriment to our vested interests.
Wo clip tho following from a Macon paper of a
recent date.: . ,.. -l '
The Ocmc-uiee.?Thin stream is at present low
? - or than it lias been for sonic time. Wo have heard
of several boa's at dlftoront poiiits awaiting a siif
ficioncy of wator to "carry thoin down the river, for
tho Ha vannait market. ,.
Tho anxious seat at the Custom Houao is nol
What Europe Is Doing. 1
In a roeont number of Northern exchange ap
pears nn article on tin? present political condition ^
jf Europe, which, as giving sonic Insight into the
situation there, and being in itself botll iiiHtruc- t
the and interesting, wo subjoin : <
The European Journals nn? filled with rumors of <
the revival of the Emperor Napou-on's project ?>f a j
continental congress to readjust the political re- ,
luttons of tho OKI World, and definitely rooon- j
?truct tho "Map of Europe."
Ho far, no confirmation of those rumors comes
to US from Taris; an? it i? in ami of Itself most im
probable that the Emperor of the French will
renew a proposition which he sees it to bo likely (
will soon he pressed upon UiinsoU by the very pow
er? which formerly declined it. It would ho the
most brilliant, if not the ino.it solid, diplomatic '
triumph of hi* reign to compel Europe into !
acknowledging the hopelessness of any other issus ?
out of her existing complication? than that which
he originally suggested, and France, in any con
?press which" the Emperor might now consent to
inn. would find herself more than ever the mis
tress and arbitr?os of the European position.
Hut if Napoleon gives no sign at present, the
situation of affairs on the continent abundantly
nceounts for the sii/ns which are made in hin nanio
by all manner of publicists, from London to
Vienna. In the expressive phrase of French
tiiphnnacy, that situation is intensely "stretched.
Thing? cannot possibly go on long without an ex
plosion in one or another quarter, which must
hake the whole political fabric, unless the great
powers act themselves seriously to work to solve
existing problems, and to provide against near
and impending perils.
The invasion made by Germany upon the rightt?
of Donniurk and the public law ?f the world, has
resulted in driving the two great German powers
into an antagonism more open and threatening
than ut nnv i?i-<-vi?nis mutilent since 1848. Prus
sia, miner the control of her obstinately visionary
long and his reactionary ministry, insists upon ap
propriating the territory wrenched (rum the Scan
dinavian monarchy. To this Austria refuses to
assent, declining to ace Prussia elevated to the
rank of a great naval power by the possession of
Kiel, and put in the way of "rounding'' her
dominions, eventually, by tho incorporation of all
North Germany from th? Russian frontiers to the
Rhine. It is true that the peace seems to he com
manded between these angry Stales?nn the aide of
Prussia by the profound unpopularity of her exist
ing government, and on thy side of Austria by her
tlnuncinl insolvency mid the Italian ulcer on her |
1lnnk. But each power baa a large army in the. |
Held, and the possible unreasonableness of royal
and imperial pursouages Is a force for mischief
which can never be mathematically estimated.
A recent senii-uflichil Austrian journal hints that
Austria might be induced to accede to the annex
ation of the Danish Duchies by Prussia, if Aus
tria, in return, were permitted to "rectify her
frontiers in Silesia" by taking back a port of the
territory which sho l?st in that province to the
great Frederick, and to extend herself comfort
ably toward the Black Sea by incorporating the
Daiiuhitiu Principalities with her dominions. What
could l>0 more fair than an exchange of duchies on
the Baltic for principalities ou the Dauuhol Un
luckily for tins otherwise admirable project, tho
people of the principalities and the other great
powers of Europe arc not likely to consent Mint so
important a transaction shall lie carried out with .
an exclusive eye to the pacification of Germany, |
and the mutual advantages of the two heads of
the Teutonic eagle. Still something must be done
to put this matter at rest.
Stcauwhilu those very principalities are weary
ing of their connection with the Turkish Empire:
i and a Pan-Selavie hero has recently arisen, srouud
whose name the discontented racen of Eastern
I Europe are concentrating a formidable ?how of I
! enthusiasm. Driven from Montenegro by the Ot- |
toman forces, this I'an-Sclavic hero is just now i
! Buffering himself to bo worshipped under the pro
! tcction of Russia, in Odessa, where lie awaits any I
favorable opportunity uf making mischief on an!
Tlie Italians, though nearer their national unity
than the Bclavos or the Germans, are yet very far
from being satisfied with the actual aspect either
of llio ltoman or tho Venetian question. They are
pressing forward eagerly and nobly in the career
of industry and material development opened to
them by tire events of 1SC0, and they are naturally
impatient of the expenses and inconveniences to
which they are subjected by the attitude of the
Pope toward themselves and the French Emperor,
and by the policy of Austria.
Grave as an- the problema which the civil war
lias imposed upon ourselves for solution, and se
riously aa the necessity for solving them must
confine ua for some time to como to a foreign poli
cy rather of observation thiin of n.-scrtion, it is
quite as plain thut tho European powers are in
volved in difficulties and straits at least as absorb
ing ua our own. The ill temper of a German min
ister, or tho death of a moribund old man, may at
any moment compel the Old World to choose pe
remptorily between Napoleon's European con
j gross anil a chaotic, convulsive, and convulsing
l general war, whereof no rational man dare predict
Mail Facilities in Geoiuiia.?The Macon Tele
graph saya the Fostinaater-Generiil has informed
Governor Jo-DffiOR "that with a view to furnishing
mail facilities, at the earliest practicable moment,
to pcr_on_*rc_iding at or near county seats in the
.State of Georgia, ho haa the honor to inform him
that tho Department, on the receipt of reasonable
bids for th? transportation, will be prepared to
issue orders authorizing temporary mail service
(tilT?31st Deeefnber) on routes miming from auch
BOlinty^uats^n the nearest point on railroads on
which imftfy rtjre conveyed.*1 Letting of contracts
on all thu .vo?tes in tho ?tate will bo advertised
for fr*nr 1st January, 18C5.
i ir.-? ?
Tin: Georgia State IUtmioao_The Augusta
Conslitulionhlist, of the Cth, has the following in
teresting information concerning this road :
Wo learn that the military authorities of the
United Statea have proposed to turn over to the
provisional government of the State the Stute
railroad, with ita appendages. The conditions
upon which the transtor i? to bo made aro liberal
and satisfactory, and Governor Johnson is no-, en
route to complet? tho arrangement aa speedily as
possible. This is tho moat important public im
provement in which tho State ha? an interest'di
rect, and that it can bo operated to result more
b'o?oficiairy t? tho State, and the inter?s.? of the
ptibUc generally, under civil management than
when controlled by military managers, thoro is not
Heretoforo this road has yiolded to tho Stato an
?m?nense revenue annually* and will do bo ogain;
but for .some timo heneo this cannot ho expected.
The rolling stock of the road ia in liad order; some
of tho bridges aro temporary structures, and all
the depots, car and wood sheds were destroyed by
the contending armies. But the profits 'of the
road will enable theije difficulties to be overcome,
without taxing the public treasury, in a reasonable
time. .Cloy. .?Johnson cxpcotH to complete arrange
ments for tlio transfer of tho roud without delay.
' l?x-Onvnnvon Piokbns.^-Ai Charleston letter
writer thus leparte tho views and policy of tlua
Hinco tho, expiration of his official term, Gov
ernor Pickcns bus beon quietly residing on his fine
plantation in Edgofleld District taking no part
other than a deep interest, in tho great events of
tho war. Being one of tho largest and most suc
cessful cotton planters in tho State, of course the
einanoipatioii of the slaves lias seriously affected
his wealth. But. without indulging in any vain
regret??,- tho ox-Govorjior quietly announces his
intention to hogin planting uncw, upon the princi
| pie of compensated labor, and says that ho will do
all in ins power to heuelit tho people, late his
I __*____._""" ?nducing them to work diligently and
faithfully ata fuir ruto of remuneration, and by
afiovtling.thonv.tiio means of educating themselves
and otherwise c]evating;thcir condition, according
to tho sabemos suggested by tho Government. Ile
is, howevor.-not over sanguine as to tho result of
tho experiment, adhormg to tho opinion that the
plantation nogro caunot ho mado to work under
any other than a compulsory svstcm. Many sup
posed that Governor Pickons would have been
amone? tho first arrested after the war; but, in bis
regard, as well as towards his successor, Governor
Boiiham, tho authorities seem to havo adopted a
; %l will he ?ratifying, '.??ye the Montgomery Ad
vertiser, to the travelling publie to learn that the
break in tho If. <fc W. P. road is repaired, and that
connect ion from this* placo by rail to all parts of
the United States is onco moro complete. The cars
. reached this city at 12 o'clock last night. This
J dooa indeed look like old times wore'coming back,
and \vo look for a corresponding increase of busi
ness in tho city in consequence of tho completion
of this prominent Hiio of travel and transporta
tion. Much credit is duo to Superintendent Oram
ror the energy displayed under so many di-advan
lEABQ'RS MILITARY BIST. OF CHARLESTON, )
Dl l'A htm est ok South Caiiomna, j
Fiusr BerAnATK Buioaok, Chai?i.i:ston, 8. C. ) ,
GKNKltAL OllllKHK, No. Vi.] ]
I. BEFORE A MILITARY COMMISSION. WHICH
rouvencd at Charleston. S. C,, pursuant to Oeneral Or- !
1er?, No. li?:i. dated Headquarters Military District of
'liarli'ston, Department of South Carolina, First Separate '
Brigade, Charleston, 8. C, Align?t 10th, 1805, and or J
vhlch Captain ADOLPH DKNNKl. 47t!i Pcnn. Vola., I
? President, were, arralgucd ami tried: '
I. BILLY (colored civilian).
Charge 1st, IJuusebjeaking."
flpeclllcatlon?Iu till?, that the said HILLY, a colored (
-itizen, did, on or about the 29th ?lay of June, 18?5, in '
onipany with two other colored citizen?, named '
JEOROE and SMART, forcibly take posstSSkWI of the
key h of a house und barn at Bosls Plantation, Parish of
at. JoIiii'h Berkeley, State of South Carolina, anil did thru .
and there, with ?aid GEORGE and SMART, break into
llio said house and barn, and did take, carry away and
Fttcal tlicrefroiu a large ?piautity of rice and furniture.
Charge 3d, '.Stealing."
Specification?In thin, that the said BILLY, a colored
citizen, did, on or about the '20th ?lay of June. 18G5, hi
company with two other colored citizens, named
GEORGE and SM ART, forcibly take possession of the
keys of a house and barn, at Bosis Plantation, Pariah of
St. John's Berkeley, Stale of South Carolina, and did then
and there, with the said GEORGE and SMART, break
Into the said house and harn, and did take, carry away
and Btcal therefrom, a large quantity of rice aud furni
To which Charges and Specifications tho accused
pleaded as follow* :
To the Specification of the 1st Charge, "Not Guilty."
To the 1st Charge, "Not Guilty."
To the Spi'i'itlcatlon of the 2d Charge, "Not Guilt?."
To the 2d Charge, "Not Gi'h.ty."
The Court, bavmg maturely considered tho evidence
adduced, I'm?! the accused, the said BILLY, 11? followa :
Of the .Specification of Charge 1, "Gou.Tr."
Of the Charge 1, "Guilty."
Of the Specification of Charge -J, "Guilty."
Of the Charge 2, "Guilty."
And the Court does, tber?'fore. sentence him. the said
"BILLY," to he confined at hard labor for the period o? ?
"right months," at such placeas the Commanding G?me
ral may ?lirivt.
2. "GEORGE" (colored civilian;.
Charge 1st, "IlamseUrtaking."
Specification?In this, that the said "GEORGE." a
colored citizen, ?lid, on or about the 39th ?lay of June,
iHf.3, in company with two other culored citizens, nam
ed SMART and BILLY, forcibly take possession of the
keys of a house and barn at "Bosta" Plantation, Parish
01 St. John's Berkeley. State of South Carolina, and did
then and there, with the said SMART ami BILLY, break
into the saitl house and barn, and did take and carry ,
way anil steal therefrom a large quantity of r'.eo a:nl |
Charge 1. "Stealing."
Specification?In this, that the said GEORGE, a colored
citizen, did. 011 or about the -j'.ith day of June, 1JJ?3, in '
company with two other enliitvd citizens, name I SMART |
and BILLY, forcibly take possession of the k.-ys of a
bouse and hum at "Rosis" Plantation, Parish of St.
John's Berkeley. State of South Cart?na, and ?lid then
and there, with the said SMART and BILLY, break into
the said bouse and barn, and did take, carry away aud
steal therefrom a large quantity of r?e?- and fiimlt?:re.
To which Charges and Specification:? the tvvlisivl
pleaded as follows:
To the Specification ?.f Charge 1, "Not Guilty."
To Charge 1. "Not OflLTT."
To the Si/.c-i?ication ?? Charge2, -Nor Guilty."
To Charge 2, "Nor Guilty."
The Court, having maturely coiuldereJ tbe evidence
adduced, find the accused, the ?aid GEORGE, a.? fol
Of the Specification of Charge 1. "Guilty,"
Of Charge 1. "Guilty."
Of the Specification i'f Charge 2. "Guilty," with the
exception of the A'Ords "Bid take the keys."
Of Charge 2, "Guilty."
And the Court dee?, therefore, seuter.ee him. the said
GEORGE, to be confined at hard labor for the period of
"its months," at such place as the Commanding General
3. SMART (colored) civilian.
Charge 1, "Iteutebreaklag."
Bpeclfleatton?In this, that the said SMART, a colored
citizen, did, on or about the 2.1th day of Juin?, UBS, in
company with two other colored citizens, named
GEORGE and BILLY, forcibly take possession of the
keys of a house and barn at Bosis Plantation, Pa-tah of
St. ,I?ihn"s Berkeley, State of South Carolina, aud ?lid
then and there, with the ?laid GEORGE and BILLY,
break into the said house and barn, and did take, carry
away aud steal therefrom a larga quantity of rico and
Charge 2d. Stealing."
Specification?In this, that tho said SMART, a colorod
citizen, did, on or about the 2Jth day of June, IHiiS, in
company with two other colored citizens, named
GEORGE and BILLY, forcibly take poasessioa of the
keys of a house and barn at Bosis Plantation, Parish oi
St. John's Berkeley, State of South Carolina, and did
then and there, with the said GEORGE aud BILLY,
break into the said house and bavn, and did take, carry
away and steal therefrom a luvge ?quantity cf rice and
Charge 3d, Threatening to ktS."
Specification?In this, that the said SMART, a colored
citizen, ?lid on or about tho 20th ?lay of Juno, 18u*>, while
ho, together with two other colored citizens, named
BILLY and GEORGE, were engaged In forcibly breaking
into and stealing from the ln-use and barn at Bosta
Plantation, Parish of .'t. J *j"i Berkeley, State of South
Carolina,, threaten to ?'."?e tho lifo of one JOHN B.
IRVING, a d?zen of tho said State.
Charge 4th, Threatening of arson."
. Specification?In this, that the said SMART, a colored
iitizou, did. on or ahtmt the 2,Jth day of June, 18?3,
while together with two other colored citizens, named
BILLY and GE0R.GE, were engaged m forcibly break
ing into and stealing from (he liouso and barn at Boslf
Plantation, Parish of St. John's Berkeley, State of Soutb
Carolina, threaten to burn down the said house and
barn, while the fiimily were living therein.
To which Charges and Specifications tho accus?e
pleaded as follows :
To the SperifleaUon of Charge 1, "Not Guilty."
To Charge T, "Nor* Guilty."*
To the Sp?cification of Charge 2, "Not Guilty."
To.fjbatge 'b&ftojifimvnuu I
To the Specification of Charge 3, "Nor Guilty."
To Charge ??,.''Not'?3uilT't,"
? o the Specification of Oikrge \ "Not Guilty."
T?'?Jharg6 *;**,Sl^OT?II,'rT. ,
. The Court, having maturely considered the evldcnc?
adduced, find the accused, the said SMART, as followa:
Of tho Specification to Charge 1, "Guittr,"
Of Charge 1, "Guilty."
Of the Specification to Charge 2, "Gutltt."
Of Charges, "Guilty,"
Of the Specification to Charge 3, "Guilty."
Of Charge3. "Guilty."
Of the Spcitiaatlon to Charge i, "Not Guiltt."
Of Charge 4, "Not Goti/ty."
And the Court does, therefore, sentence him, tho sal?
SMART, to be confined at hanl labor for the period o
twoyears ami si? months, at such place as tho Command
big-General may direct.
The findings and ?entonces in the foregoing cases an
approved. The prtaoncro, BILLY, GEORGE and 85IART
will be confiued at Castle Pincluioy, Charleston Harbor.
By ?rder-of W. T. Bknkktt, Brevet Brlgadior-Gcncral
Commanding District of Charleston.
O?T?CMI. ! - LEONARB B. PERRY,
September 11 Assistant Adjutant General
Banker and Collection Agent
No. S55 King-street,
CHARLESTON, IS. V.
Died at ?es, on board stmunhlti "AJbambra." on her
ov-kp to this pert. Sunday. h.?|,i. 3d, iscr?, WILLIAM
SODORE LEWIS, seed JO years.
Of u truthful and loving Ulspwltlon, rharavterixod i>y
?ions Christian principles, he endeared himself ti> all
ritli whom be ?as brought in contact.
IUh bereaved inotlier, to whom In? \v_>? "her all in all,"
um the heartfelt sympathy <>f her friend.?. To his
?rtdhera ami ?later, what esa we my. bot ??the Lord
thaatennth not in anuer. hut in uprlgbteoosne?*." Re
et William sleep, "reeked tu the cradle of tin? deep,"
.hat Bleep whU-h knowetb u<> awakening. K. <J. M.
??GERMAN IMMIGRATION. LANDANDTHADING
COMPANY OK BOOTH CAROLINA.?Notice is hereby
lives that application will be mode for a Charter at the
next session of the L?gislature.
September 0 :\* JOHN A. WAGENER.
*y NOTICE 13 HEREBY OIVEN THAT APPLICA
TION will he made at tho next Session of the Legislature
fur an AMENDMENT OF THE CHARTER OF THE
CHARLESTON GAS EIGHT COMPANY.
Aujrust 3t mth
?? DURING MY? ABSENCE FROM THE CITY,
Major WM. KEARN tins full power to act an my Attor
ney. All claim.-' against me will he presented to him,
and all indebted to im? will make payment to the same.
September a ;i* N. SCHERHAMMEU.
?y GOLD AND SILVER.?THE HIGHEST PRE
MIUM paid for GOLD and SILVER, nt
August It No. 235 KINO-STREET.
jgfJ-BATCHELOK'H HAIR DYE!-THE ORIGINAL
and bout In the world 1 The only true and perfect HAIR
DYK. Harmless, Kelinhleand Instantaneous. Produces
immediately a splendid Dl_o_ or natnrut Drown, wlth
out injuring the hair or ?kin. Remedies the ill effects o
bad dyes. Sold by all Druggist;?. The genuine is Higned
WILLIAM A. B\TCHELOR. Also.
REGENERATING EXTRACT OF MILLF.FLEURS,
For restoring and Beautifying the Hair.
CHARLES BATCHELOR, New York.
August 17 lyr
WAR DEPARTMENT, 1
AnjUTANT GKNKRAl/.l OfKICB, [
Wahhinoton, ?. C. July 30, 1865. )
[Spki'iai. Onnns, No :i84.)
PARAORAPH XV. BY DIRECTION OF THE PRESI
DENT, the fvillowitiR named Officer? are hereby MMlgUed
t?) duty a'-i'ordins to their Brevet rank :
Brevet Brig.-Oeo. W. T. BENNETT, 0. 8. V.
By order of the Secretary of War.
K. D. TOYVNHRND, Adjutant-General.
Official : amaos S. BoiuiKii. 1st Limit. 51th N. Y. V.
V. and A. A. A. G. a Septcmbor 11
HEADQUARTERS, MIL. DIST. OF CHARLESTON. 1
Pki'aiitmknt ok BOOTH Caiiolisa, I
Assistant Adjutant gi:nkiiai.'s ornes, f
Chaulbston, S. c, September lo, ih?j. j
[GkN'KRAI. OODKSM, No. 2.J
COMMANDING OFFICERS OF SDH-DISTRICTS
will take immediate measures f.>r the COLLECTION OF
all arms, of whatever description, not* is tu<? hands
of citizens, white or colored. Any pomoo fourni with
Gun?, Pistols or Knives, In their pnsnesiiton, after the
;i,'.i. Instant, will he srrosted and brought immediately
b'-'iri' a Military Commission for trial.
By order of Drove! Drlgsdior-Ocneral w. T. Bknsktt.
SuptffmbiT 11 ? GEO. W. HOOKER. A. A. G.
Finsr 8on?Dwtiit?rr, Mil. Dl?t. or t'HJUUbKsrotr,
Chmilkston, s. c. SeptcmtHir 10, it?iij. )
! [SfHCUL OoDKOS, No. 128.1
1. A S?S-ilON OF THE FIRST CIRCUIT COURT OF
the Find ?ut^DUtrict of the Military Ototrb* of Charles
ton will be held on Thumday, .September 14, at Mount
By order of W. T. Bkskktt,
Brevet Brlg.-Oen. Com. Pout and First Sub-District.
OEORllE S. BURGEE.
1st Lieut, fllth N. Y. V. V. a.id A. A. A. O.
September 11 *
Fiost Si'Li-DitrrnicT, Mimtakv Dltrr. or Ck.mh.kston, !
CiiAHi.KsroN, ?. c, September0, ibco. )
(Gkneual Omnc-S, No. 77.)
Ail, LIQUOR DEALERS, WHOLESALE AND RE
TAIL, whose permits arc dated prior til 1st July, 1805,
ere required te bave those permits renewed before th?
lnth of the present month. The Provost Uarabal will
close any eiitabliflhuicnts which have failed to comply
with this order.
By order of \V. T. Bexnett,
Brevet Brig. -Gen. Commanding Post and 1st Sub-Dist.
1st Lieut. 51th H. Y. V. V. and A. A. A. O.
September 11 '3
HEADQUARTERS MIL. DIST. OF CHARLESTON. )
Cu.uile-TON, September 7, 1805. J
G_:;_nAi. OnnEiiK, 1
No. 03. J
I. IN COMPLIANCE WITH ORDERS FROM HEAD
QUARTERS Department of South Carolina, the under
sijrm'd relinquishes to Brevet Major-Gcueral CHARLE:
DEVENS tho command of thi.i District
W. T. BENNETT,
Brevet Brig. Gcu'l Commanding.
Leonaro B. Pp.nr.v,
September 0 '<*
Firwr S?_-Dmtmct. Mimtaiiy Dist. or Chaui.esto.v, j
Chaulkston, H. C. S.-'ptcmbcr 8, lHtii?. J
(Si'KCLM. Orders, No. 127.]
IV. CAPT. W. W. HTEPUENSON, SSBTH N. Y. V.
is hcroby relieved from the duties of Post Treasurer, ii
consequence of expiration of term of service.
V. Mr. JAMES F. HAVILAND is hereby appointee
Post Treasurer. Capt. W. V.'. 8TKVJUWOS will torn ove:
to Mr. Jas. F. HavilaK? all funds and records spper
Uir.ing to the Post Treasurer's Office?taking receipt:
for the same.
By oriler of W. T. BEFNETT.
Brevet Brig.-Gcn. Commanding Post and 1st Snb-Dist.
GEORGE S. BURGER,
IbI Lieut ?lth X. S". V. V. and A. A. A. O.
September t) 3
MILITARY DISTRICT OF CHARLESTON.
Charleston, h. C, September 7, lS??. ]
[GKKKnAi.OnnKns, No. L)
I. PURSUANT TO ORDERS RECETYED FROM DI
PARTMENT Headquarters, tho undersigned BStomi
command of the Military District of Charleston.
II. Captain GEORGE W. HOOKER is hereby at
n(innren a? Ani-Stant AdjuUnt-Gcneral of 0"> ?lolric!
He will be j^ij?'1 and roapectoj accordingly. All r<
ports, return? and couiniunicationu'will be addressed t
him. CHAS. DEVENS,
Brevet Major-General U. 8. V.
Official: Oeo. W. Hookkii, AssisUnt Adjutaut-Gen'l.
September 9 P
KING & CASS1DEY,
No. 101 MEJiTlNG-STItKKT,
OPPOSITE OHARLE8TON HOTEL,
Charleston, S. 0.
F? P. KING. M. D.. ) of No Cil
JB83KJ.CASSIDEY, } 0I a* oa
Kcptem her 1 Imo*
CHEMIST & APOTHECARY,
NO. 123 Sil-ETINQ STREET.
A POLL ASSORTMENT OF IMPORTED AND DC
ME8TT0 DRUGS AND CHEMICALS constantly en hau
Ans?st U _inu?
ADVANCES MADE ON
WATCMBS, ?JAJHONDS, JEAVEJaIIV, TsW
Q00DS AND PERSONAL PROPERTY OP
WILLIAM H. DEVLIN,
NO. 10 COMING, CORNER WENTWORTH-8T.
Auguat 00 Imo1*
?ktral ice mm mm}
No. 7 GEORGE-STKEET.
BETWEEN KINO AN? MEETING.
This (Sondar) Kreiilnjr, ni half-pott 7 o'clock
Grand March, I.y.Bv.i.i.imc
Overture??The Gipsey liirl." I.y.B.il.rK
Cavatina?"The Child "I III- Bee.ment".
Polks-. Tets a T-t.-.-- by.I.AiurzKir
Kelected Airs?"Norma," liy.11k.ii.inC
V.irsovii .nie?"May lir? eases"._
Air?German Fath.-rlaml.'.............['.'. ".'._
Quadrilles?Favorita, by....... \Vik?i\nw>
Ballet, from Willlatu Tell, i.y..'.'.'." .*.".".'.'.'.' .RojMtac
flora ?iallop, liy.,,. ..WlTTOMM
ltd- Adnilttauee tree. 1? September II
rriHE REGULAR MONTHLY ?OMMvJNK'ATTON*
X will ho held YMt Keening, at h ?.'?-lock,
By ordor W. M.
Soptonihor ?1 1 GIBSoN. Secretary.
"VfOTIOB IS HEREBY (1IVEN THAT PROM ANr>
?1 AFTER tii- .v. renth day of September, tin- Head
rpmrlcrs of the Provisional Governor wIO bo ?it Coluni
l)ia. where all cOlillUIIUlCOtUWIS addressed to him must
be directed. WILLIAM 11. l'EttRY.
Green vil.e. S. C, A?gUstS. lb-'"?.
Sept. mher'.i 3
PROCLAMATION BY 'Pill--. PROVISION Ala
rjOVEllNOB OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, S. C.,1
S.pt< Hitler I, I'M.... i
"\l,rHEKE..s. a seeming conflict OFJURlsiMf?
Y J TION having arisen between the fivil mid Mili
tary Authorities "!' south Carolina, under the Provisional
Government of the State; ami wheroiis, Major-Ociicrat
GTLLMOl'E. mi I. .linn., ling the Hi pari meut of Soiitla
Carolina, having sought an interview with me, as Pro
visional Governor, III the prein-tiee ?f (?crierai MKADE.
commanding th? Atlantic St::tes-, and whereas, all mat
! tors giving vise l? th.- seeming coiilliet were adjusted :,n?t
ari-angi'd with th.- consent and approval of Major-Genr
Now. therefore, I. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN PERRY,
Fronsionsl Governor of the State of Kunth Carolina, ill*
prnidallU and mal;.' knmvi:, that th?- terms of this ar
rangement are as iollows : "That in all casca wlnni
treediueii or punmn* of odor ave com-enied. the Court*
of the Provost Marshals shall have cvclnsiv?- cogni/.aiic?*
to try and adjust tliem, for the present : ami that ?11
other ca.-es shall he h.-.ud and adJlulh-atClI hy the Civil
Courts, Municipal Authorities ?mi Civil Officers, iindec
and iiecol-ding b? til? laws uf ?.until Carolina. That tin?
Civil Courts shall bu opened under th- Provisional Oov
orumt lit, and all Civil and Municipal Officers lu^ allowe?l
to nwniM their official duti.-.- nml ?lhw-hargo them freely,
without interruption on the part nf the Military Author
ities. That It is further iindcn-too.! General GILLMOHI?
will Issue a Military or?l?-r, anil Governor PKllltY will,
in liha manlier, issue his l?i.lanuittan, making known
this arrangement, which is to continue till civil Author
ity is entirely restored in this State und the Government
And i do hereby call upon all persons and orth-r iiii-ni
to strictly obey and carry out the terms of this .irn.uge
Done in the City of Columbia, the ?lay and year at.ovo
stated. ::. V pekby.
By order of th.- Provisional Governor.
w. II. l'Ki'.r.v. Private Seoretiiry. ' September
rriHE FIRM OF MIDDLKTON .'. CO. BEING DIK
X SOLVED, I will continue the FACTORAGE BUSI
NESS mi my own account, (?lice Yunderhorsl's Wharf,
September 7 :!< tt W. HENRY.
IS PI'.EPALED TO FURNISH DESIGNS. SPECIFI
CATIONS AND DETAIL DHAWING8 for Buildings
at ev.-ry leseiiiition, and i:i every stylo ofarchitccturo
that may be desired. i)r?V< is lioiii any part of the Uni
ted St;.:.-s will iee?'ive prompt attention, with iiioderata
| charges. WALTER S. WEST. Architect,
I Coran* 4th and Broad-streets, Richmond, Vs.
September .*> ?Irnos
rpi?E BUSINESS CONNECTION HERETOFORE EX
X ISTLS'G Letwcin JOHN MASSON and a. B. NICH
OLSON, known as .JOHN MAsso.N i. CO.. is hereby dis
solved by niatnal consent. A. It. Nicholson withdrawing
from the concern, .lohn Masson asSUUIOfl all liabilities of
the late business, und all parties indebted to the coucerjav
will settle with John Mas-oil. JOHN MASSON.
A. B. NICHOLSON.
The ImsinC-H heretofore conducted at Military Hall,
will Im carried ou by the undersigned.
Charleston, S. 0." September t>. I* Si-pleniber 11
THE UNDEItSIiiNED HAVE THIS BAY EORMED A
COPARTNERSHIP for the purpose of carrving on
:i GENERAL COMMISSION BUSINESS IN THE CITIES
OP NEW YORK AND CHARLESTON, under the nama
and firm in each city of \Y. B. k T. E. RYAN. WILLIAM
B. RYAN will be the partner resident in Charleston, ami
THOMAS E. RYAN the partner resident in New York.
Consignments of all binds of Produce and Manufac
tured articles are respectfully solicited.
WM. B. RYAN.THOS. E. It VAN.
Place of business in Charleston at No. f>0. West side of
East Bay-idivet, and three doors north ?>f Tradd-stivet.
September- lm.i _
BOWERS H SILCOX. HAVING ENTERED INTO CO
PAltTNEKSHIF for the purpose (if coiidiiiiing tin?
BROKERAGE AND GENERAL AUCTION AND COM
MISSION BUSINESS, will he thankful to our friends ami
th.' public for a share of p-itroiiui.e.
Office, for the present, at No. .US KING-STREET.
J. E. BOM'JillSr
AUgUS* 30 10 .T. f*ILCOX._
IK FOR M AT IO IV WANTED?MY SON,
SIMON INCtRAUAM. aged 11 years, was hired by
me to an Officer in the Third Brigade of Gen. Sherman'*
army (nanu-not known), o:. March 16th, I left him this
uido Fiuhiwoil Hiver. Any information ivspe?-tltig hint
wilt be thankfully received by hi? parents. No. 2 MeetV
Beptombor 11 I* mary ingbaiiam.
TNPOltMATIOX W.VMTEB OP MY SON,
DANIEL F. SMOKE, a member of Company "G."
Stvnn.l S. C. M., age?! about 17 years; complexion light,
und blue eyes. When last beard from he was IcR sick at
Kingston,"while on the way to North Carolina with his
company, in February lust. Any person hating ?
knowledge of his wherwibouts will much oblige an ?mx
.lou* rather by sdiU-essIug O. W. SMOKE. Midway p. O.
September 1 finwi;''
*\X7ANTE?, A SlTt'ATION IN A W1IOLE
VV SALE STORE, Shipping or Commission Office, by
9. Young Man having a geiieial knowledge o? business.
Would Be willing t.. Invest f'JOOU lu a paying business
Address K. S. at this Office.
Soptenil.er 11 *_
TLXr ANTED.-PRIV ATE BO/lRD ANO
\> LODGINli in a good family is llrslred by a gen
tleman and his wile, l'or a GOOD PLACE, the nriea
will not be a consideration. Address "O," Dolly NOWS
Office. _ September K _
T~ O RENT, THE W A VERMS Y IIOCSE.AT
the Bend of King-street.
DWELLING HOUSES AND STORES in King-atrect |
Apply to H. H. RAYMOND,
Corner of Water-street an?! the Battery.
August IS_ Daw
I;-i?It SALE, OR TO RENT. A VERY
J LAROB AND COMMODIOUS STOREHOUSE, cciv
t rally situated.
To rent, SEVERAL OFFICES in Broail-uticet.
Apply to il. M. MARSHALL, Broker and Auctioneer,
No. Sl Broad-street. August ?*?__
PRIVATE HOARDING, CORNER OP KIN?
and Tradd-strcets. Day Boarders taken.
MAKER AND IMPORTER
SADDLES AND HARNESS,
HAS RECEIVED BY RECENT ARRIVALS SADDLES
FBOM THE BEST TO THE PLAINEST
SINGLE AND DOUBLE HARNESS
COLLARS OK ALL SIZES AND QUALITIES
ENGLISH MOUNTINGS AND STEEL CHIPNEY BITS
And all the other articles usually found lu a Saddlery
Person? In want of the above will find it advantageous
to call at his Store in BROAD-STREET',
Next his Old Stand at the comer of ObticctU
September 1 fmwilmo
1 ' FURNITURE!
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
Kos. 87 AKD 80 BOWERY
AND 111 CHRISTY-STREET.
DEQRAAF As TAYLOR
Have the largest varioty of
PARLOR, CHAMBER. . ._?,,?? _____
AND LIBRARY FURNITURE
To bo found in this city, and at tlio lowest prices.
MATTRESSES AND SPRING BEDS
EXTRA WIDE CANOPY BEDSTFJ-BS
FOR TUE SOUTHERN TRADE.
Auguat.14 RVWi 2n-to