Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY HORNING. SEPTEMBER 14, 18G5.
We have niado fr?quent reference, for sonic
time past, to the subject of our colored popula
tion?more frequent, we fear, than has been plea
sant to our raider?; ?mil we regret it. We ?would
like to be cheerful?wo would bo gay and joy
ous, if tho times permitted hut they do not;
wo have gravo questions Impending over us?quo..
iions involving the existence of the colored race,
perhaps even of our own, within the limits of this
Otate, and question*, pressing for solution. The
policy now inaugurated will perhaps, of necessity,
continue; and under the circumstances we have
felt flint it was right, perhaps obligatory, to bu
instant in treatment of this matter, and thus to
come to action on it with whatever of intellectual
perception wo might be ablo to achieve.
Two courses are presented?the one to exclude,
the other to absorb, the negro; the OHO to elimi
nate him,?throw a sort of social parenthesis
around him, and pass on aa best we may, without
kits, to tlit: continuance of our course : the other
to retain him in individual contact and association,
and hear him on ?is ?i necessary constituent of our
Bocicty into till possible pursuits. Tbo ono to
draw labor from all other countries for enter
prises exclusive of the negro; tho other to draw
labor from all possible sources, but only in addi
tion to the labor wc may have already. The one,
therefore, to drop the negro?the othor to retain
him; the one to throw him back upon his own re
sources for preservation and ?apport?the other to
still give him the supports of white society, anil
holding a civilization over him; to give him, in
consideration of hi., industry and order, a partici
pation in its advantages. The one, therefore, to
inaugurate two distinct societies within the limits
and jurisdiction of the State, each variant in race,
capacity and purpose, and with only external re
lations to each, other. * The other to retain within
the Slate only ?me single homogeneous society,
with nothing but that which nature herself has
done to make distinctions or to indicate the Una
Of this latter thing we have been the advocates;
and with greater pertinacity, perhaps, than ha. j
been pleasant to our readers, we have presented
the reasons to sustain it. One, is in the argument
we have been making for a few days past, to show
that there ia a necessary relation between popula
tion ar.il wealth ; and that we have a direct pecu
niary interest, therefore, in the preservation of
the negro race. Another, is in the moral obliga
tion we are under to austain him. True, we did
not bring him here, nor are wc more responsible
for his coining than are people at the North.
True, also, we have indicated (ho terms npon
which we will be responsible for bis custody and
well-being : and those terms not complied with, we
may have the legal right to remit him to his reme- ?
dies, and turn away. But siill he is of God's crea
tures, susceptible of good and bad, and pain and
pleasure ; and it may bo doubted if we have tjie
moral right to do so. The power to save him may,
anil ?loe-i, in conscience, constitute the boii'l to do
so ; and, though we might well inquire why it is we
have been so trieil?why upon us has been imposed
the responsibility Of preserving this race, en vari
ant from our own?and why, if charged with such
responsibility, wc should not be alloweil the dic
tates of our own experience and intellect to indi
cate the way, but should be compelled to take the
judgment of another people, who arc not instructed
in the facto?who scorn rather anxious not t?> be?
and who pro not directly interested in the result ;? '
but, though justified in such an impiiry, the exist
ence' of this race amongst us is now a great fact.
Upon that wc must act, however we may question
the right of its occurrence. That cross is now upon
us, and whether wc can see or not the reason why
it has boon imposed, it is only left for us to bear it
with the strength wo have, and trust to the Om
nipotent ruler of Ibis and other worlds for the
reasons for its imposition.
A third reason, and perhaps the most conclu
sive reason, is in tho ruin to result from any
othor course. It were simply impossible that wc j
can isolate the negro, and leave him bore within j
our Slate, to take wl at steps be may for bis own |
preservation, without ruinous results both to him j
and us. There can be no peace between societies
BO in contact; and, war coinnionced, the only ques
tion then remaining will be, (hat of which shall |
stand the sole survivor of that bloody battle- !
ground. It is true that this may not be the neces
sary result of the policy indicated. Wo may draw
additional labor from abroad, without turning out
the negro here at home; but it will be tho result I
of drawing labor from abroad to tho exclusion of
the negro; of establishing enterprises upon labor
outside of the negro, and without the mensures to
sustain him as an integral part of our laboring
population. To draw labor from abroad, in addi
tion lo the labor of our negroes, will be well, and
it is imperative it should come, that ns rapidly as
possible we may devclope our resources; but to
drau ?( from abroad, to the exclusion of our negro
labor, will be the inauguration of the policy we
deprecate, and we fear it cannot but be pregnant
of disaster. Nor, apart from other consequence?,
Goes it have tho consideration of Interest to com
mend it. If our negroes aro superseded, even
without collision, it will bo years before wo. can
draw from abroad tho-labor necessary to sustain
our interests. In the moantittie, there must noces-1
sarily become depressed;?not only can wo'not ad
vance them, but wo cannot sustain them on such
supplies at present elevation. One generation, at
least, will bo consumed in the process of transmu
tation; and whatever of prosperity and progress
may bo anticipated from un unmixed laboring
population to replace our nogroes, can only occur
ata period too distant to ly? of interest' to tho
actors of tho present age. Wc have no option,
therefore, to proacrvo tho negro; and the question
yet remaining is, is there in this society tho power
to do it ? , , i .
-Tin; l-AWiMoni; and Ohio IUimioab Company's
TBAHSATLACTIO I-NTUurnisus?The Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad Company arc about to establish a
lino of ocean steamers to run butween Baltimore
and Liverpool. Thoy have already purchased four
propellers for the enterprise, but design to placo
but two of them, tho Worcester and Somerset, on
the route at lirst. Theso steamers ave now being
thoroughly repaired at Bultimoro, having now
decks and houses put upon thoni; and when the
contemplated repairs arc ?iniojn-'d thoy will bo in
every respect adapted for tho service, and littetl
ui) in a very superior manner. These vessels arc
218 feet long on deck, 35 feet 8 inches breadth of
beam, 12 feet 4 inches depth of bold, and aro 1341
tons burden, O. lu*.
They aro littcd with vertical direct engines, 11
inch cylinders, with a stroke of 3 feet. The boil
ers of each vessel contain 4.*iOO squaro feet of tire
surface, 141 feet of grate surface, and their pro
pellers aro 12 feet in diameter. Messrs. Van Deu
Hcn Bros., of New York, built their hulls, and
Messrs. If. Elser .v Co., of Brooklyn, constructed
their engines. If tho enterprise succeeds, tho com
pany intend to construct improved propellers of
8000 tons burden.
- ? -
Senatob HiMnauE, of Itbodu Island, nnd Mr.
"William Mason, of Taunton, Mass., aro about to
erect a very largo cotton mill in the last named
placo. Those two purses, aggregated, ought to b?
?apablo of doing almost anything.
IT.ESIltEXr JOHNSON, ?lOVEHNOIl SUAUKSV AND OESt
Jackson, Miss., September 6.?Governor Suab
ki:v publishes the following corrcsp?mdeneo:
It in believed then? can lu? organized in each
county a force of citizen militia to preservo order
?nul eiifori-e tin? ??vil authorities of the State and
Of tho United ?States, which would enable the Fed
eral Government to re?luco tho army, and with
draw, toa great extent, the forces from tin? State,
thereby reducing tin? enormous expenses of the
If there was any ?langer from an organization
?>f the citizens for the purpose indicated, the mil
itary lire there to suppress, on tho llrsl ?ipponr
nnce, any move insurrectionary in its character.
One great object is to induce the pec?le to come
forward in defence of the State ami Federal Gov
ernment?. Gen. Washington declared that the
people, or the militia, was the arm of the Constitu
tion, or tin? arm of the United States; and as Boon
us it is practicable, the original design ?if tho Gov
ernment should be resumed under the principles
of tho great charter of freedom handed down to
the people by tin? founder of tin? Republic. Tin?
people must be trusted with their government;
and if trusted, my opinion is. that they will act
in good faith, and restore their former constitu
tional relations with all the States conipo.-mg the
Union. The main object of Major-General Carl
Schurz'- mission io the South was to aid, us
much as practicable, in carrying out the policy
adopted by the Government for restoring the States
to tlieir former relation- with the Federal Govern
ment. It in hoped such aid has been given. The
Proclamation authorising tho restoration of state
government requires tho military to ai?l the Pro
visional Governor in the performance of his du
ties, as prescribed in the Proclamation, and in no
manner to Interfere or throw Impediment? in tho
way of tho consummation of Ghj object of his ap
pointment, at le:?st without advising the Govern
ment of liia intended interference.
OEXEBAL SI.ot'l'M's ORDER.
[GENF.n.u. Oao-Xts, No. 22.]
ILCADlM'AllTr.ll-, D-PAUTMLST OK MISSISSIPPI, i
VicitsiiiMto, Miss., Aug. 21. lo'li"). t"
The attention of District Commanders is called
o a Proclamation of the Provisional Governor of
the ?State of Mississippi, <d' tho 19th insL, which
provides for the organization of a military force
in each county of tho State. Whflo tile General
Government dooms it necessary t?i maintain its
authority here by armed forces, it is important
that the' powers and duties of the officers c?nn
manding should he dourly defined.
Tho State ?if Mississippi was one of the first
that engaged in tho recent rebellion. For inore
than four years all her energies liavu been ?levot
i ? ?! to a war upon our Government. At Icugth,
from exhaustion, she has been compelled ??? lay
down her arms; hut no orders have, as yet, been
received by the military authorities on uutv hero
indicating that Hi?; State has been relieve?'! from
tho hostile position which she voluntarily assumed
I towards the United States.
The General Government, earnestly desiring to
> restore the stat?? to its former position, lias ap
pointed a Provisional Governor, with power to call
! a Convention for the accomplishment <>f that pur
pose. Upon tin.' military forces ilevolvo the duty
of preserving order, and of executing tin? laws of
; Congress and tho orders of the War Department.
? Tho orders defining the rights and privileges to
be secured to frccdmcu meet with opposition in
many parts of the State, and the dnti? s devolving
iipuii military ofllcers in lh?. execution of these
orders arc often of a delicate nature.
i It has certainly been the desire, of the Depart
ment Commander, ami ?sii far a- he has observed
of all ofHcers on duty in the Stale, to execute
th?'sc orders in a spirit ?>: con?Hliati?Ju and f?>r
bearancc; and while obeying Implicitly all instruc
tions of the President and tin? "War Department,
to make military rule ?a little odious as possible
to the people.
While the military authorities have acted in this
spirit, and have been as successful as could have
been anticipated, the Provisional Governor has
thought proper, without consultation with tbe do
; pertinent commander, or with any oilier officer of
| the United ?States on duty here, to organise and
| arm a force in every comity; urging the -young
men of the State, who have so distinguished them
[ selves for gallantry," to respond promptly to his
call?meaning thereby that class of men who have
as yet scarcely laul down tho arms with which
j,hey have been opposing our Government. Such
for?e, if organized as proposed, is to be independ
ent of the military authority now present, ami
superior in strength to tbu Uuitod Stai_8 force*on
duty in the State. To permit the young mom who
have so distinguished themselves, to be armed and
? organized, independently of the Unheil States mill
i tary officers on duty here, ami to allow them to ope
rate in counties now garrisoned bj^colored troops,
filled, as many of these men are, nut only with pre
judice against thcae troops, and againat the exe
cution of the orders relative to frecdnicn. but even
against our Government itself, would brin^ about
a collision at once, and increase in a tenfold degree
tho difficulties that now beset the people. It is to
be hoped that the day will soon come when the
young men eallc?l upon by Qov. Sharkoy, and the
coloreil men now serving the United States, will
zealously co-operate for the preservation of order,
and tho promotion of the interests of the State
It will be gratifying to the friends of th<? colored
race to have the insurance, in an official proclama*
tien from tho Provisional Governor, that the day
has already arrived when the experiment can be
safely attempted. But as the question on which
these two classes will be called on to co-operate are
those with regard to which there would undoubted
ly be some difference of opinion, particularly as to
the construction of certain laws relative to frocd
iiien, the Commanding General prefer? to post
pone the trial for the present.
It is the earnest desire of all military officers,
aa it must be of every goo?l citizen, to hasten the
ilay when the troops can, with safety, be with
drawn from this State, and the people be loft to
execute tlieir own laws; but this will not be
hastened by arming, at this time, thi? young inch
of tho State.
The Proclamation of the Provisional Governor
is based on the supposed necessity of increasing
the military forces in tho State to prevent the com
mission of crime by bail men. It is a remarkable
fact that most of the outrages have been commit
ted against Northern men, Government couriers,
and colored people.
Southern citizens have been halted by these
outlaws, but at once released, and informed that
they had been stooped by mistake, and these citi
zens have refused to give information as to the
parties by whom they were halted, although
frankly acknowledging that they knew them. Gov
ernor Bbarkey, in a communication written after
liiM call for tho organization of militia forces was
made, setting forth the necessity for such organi
zation, states that the people are unwilling to give
Information to the United Statoa military authori
ties which will lead to the detection of those out
law?, and suggests asa remedy for these evils the
arming of the very people who refuse to give such
iiforiniitioii. A better will bo to disarm all auch
citizens, and make it for their interest to aid
thoso who have been sent here to restore order
and preserve peace* lb ia therefore ordered that
district commanders give notice at once to all per
sons within their respectivo districts that no mil
itary organizations, except those under the con
trol of the United States authorities, will be per
mitted within their respective pommandb; and that
if any attempt is madu to organize aftor such no
tice, those engaged in it will be arrested. When
over any outrages are committed upon either citi
zens or soldiers, the commander of the post near
est tho point at which the offence is committed will
report the fact at once to the district commander,
who will forthwith send aa strong a force to the
locality as can be spared.
The officer in command of such force will at once,
disarm every citizen within ten miles* of the place
whore the offenco was committed.
If any citizen, possessing Information which
would loud to tho capture or the outlaws, refuses
to impart tho same, he will be arrested and held
for trial. Tho troops will be quartered on hi?
promises, and he will be compelled to provide for
tin? support of men and animals.
Thcao villan?a can bo arrested, unless they re
coivo oncnuragciuent from soma portion of the
community in which they operate; and such com
munities mu?t be held rcHponuiblo for their acta,
ami must be made to realizo the inevitable conse
quences of countenancing such outragea,
liy order of Major-General Slocum.
J. Wakiikn Mi_-.-"R,.Asa*tAdj't General.
Cotton1 in California,?Large fields of cotton
aro growing in California?ove;- 100'acres in one
held looking well. The State of. California offers
a bounty of ?3000 for tho first lut) acres of cot?"..??
nlao ?3?O0 for the lirat ' 100 boles or ?0m pounds
oach. Over $100,000 ia given by tho State for the
encouragement of agriculture in the raising of va
Cotton.?About 1800 bales of cotton reached Sa
YAUiiah, by lht, from Augusta, ou Sunday last,
A New Rood arms ?lie Continent.
The following letter lorn Dr. MLACOOWAK, who J
ha? been attached by G?rcrnmcnt to the Commis
si?in charged with convedng the Indian tribes in j
nur Western Territortcsjaill be read with much
FoitT Scott, I}.nnas, August 20. 18G9.
Win. Coventry II. H'?'./uV, Jan., Secretary Amcri
can Geographical a A StatisUcul Rooiety:
Sin?-A discovery, lat<y made by Mr. Buttcr
field, agent of the Ovemnd Dispatch Company,
possesses not only gcorapliical interest, by ran
king us better octpiaintd with the interior of this
continent, but is of gnat value in ?i mercantile
point of view. The dftcovery makes known n
route across the plains L'hlchreduces the route to
Denver one hundred o one humlred ami fifty
miles, and which has he advantage of avoiding
the terrible alkali BpritKS of tho Plat to rout?!, via
Fort Kearney, which ?re so fatal to cattle, occa
sioning the death in solle seasons of thousands of
The new channel hat the further advantage of
enjoying a fortnight's earlier verdure than that of
the i'latte Hiver. This newly discovered route to
the llockv Mountaias lies tip tho Valley of the
Kuw, or Kansas, tc tie fork of the Smoky Hill
river, and thence n\> that valley to the centro of
the continent at DeU'cr. It presents a direct route
from New York thioitgh St. Louis to tin; great
mineral regions of the We.it. An oflioer ot the
United States Arm,- was detailed to ??.company
Mr. Bntterlii'ld's exp?dition, to make topograph
ical observations, whose report will soon be pub
lished by the (?eneml Government. Meanwhile,
arrangements are making for the transportation
?>f passengers and freight across the Plains by
this route, which in six weeks will be completed;
the company having abandoned tho old channel of
communication between the East and tbo West.
Lawrence, the pr?sent terminus ?if the Union
Pacific Railroad, will bo th?: new point of depart
ure. It is believed that this will give an increas
ed impetus t<? the vast trafilo which is now carried
on between a few points on the Missouri river and
the Territories of Coloaado, Idaho, Montana, Utah,
Now Mexico and Arizona, while it will atTord in
creased facilities to the stream of emigration
which i* (lowing into and across the Plains. Cor
rect statistical information regarding the over
land (rallie is not easily attainable, but data for a
calculation are furnished by the business of the ?
Overland Dispatch Company, which transports
about one-tenth of the freight sent acruss the
Plains. This. Company, by the close of the sea
son, will have sent 23,000 tons; employing near
2000 wagons and 80,000 ox.m. A singlo merchant
at Salt Lake City pays, this season, .130,000 for
freight. These facts demonstrate the iinpurlauoo
of expediting the work of the Pacific Itailroad
Company. Respectfully, D. J. Macuowan.
Cattle on tlic Western Plains.
Hon. W. GlLTEX, who has participated in nearly
?ill (he early explorai ions of the remote West,
said in a recent lecture :
On those immense plains, once popularly sup?
posed to be deserts or shifting sand, I found thirty
live million head of aboriginal cattle; and when
we consider the wild horses, the elk, the bear, tho
antelope, ami the badgers that roam over these
tracts m boundless prifusion, we may arrive at an
idea of the iiumber ni' domostio cattle they will
support. Fifty sheep or live head of domestic
cattle can be supported on what Would bo neces
sary for the sustenance of "tie buffalo. Tho soil
is dry and dusty from the fact of th?>. rainless at
niospluTi', but they arc beautifully smooth, Great
rivers, which collect th?- eternal snows of tho
mountain-, rottttC through it, and. their waters
can bo applied in irrigation. The- vegetation is a
One, delicate grass, that firms the carpet of the
plains. This the heat ami droughts cures into
hay, on the ground, and it is?;:i thhi that une bun
; tlri'tl and fifty millions of animals, between the
Mississippi lliver and the Pacific Sea are fed.
Here, tltcn, is the great reservoir where the ? in
stantly increasing population of our great cities
are to find their fiesn?food.
A gentleman who recently arrived at St. Louis
from Denver lays In? passed ami met three thou
sand wagons <?n tin- great thoroughfare, travelling
along without molestation. All the wagons passed
belonged to and were filled with Montana, gold
hunters, who were satisfied with their trip out
?renos Sale of Naval Tessbu at New Vonn.
The sale which was announced for Tuesday, the I
?tli instant, took place ?it noon, but resulted in
less interest than <m former occasions. Tbo auc
tioneers did not begin with their former prompti
tude, ami the persons present were in quest of
vosnt'ls ?it lower prices than the Department felt
justified in selling. The following vessels were
Name. Price. Purchaser.
Augusta Dinsnuwc. I49.0CO_Smith A: Dunning.
Fort Morgan. 70,o?jo_Ward .*. Oo.
Homo. :I5.C?O ? Benncr A Brown.
Honduras. ?t.odo_w. a. I.ightbali.
Oleander. lii.-.?_Smith fe i.?i_.?imng.
Doha. 8,703_li ic K. J. Puters.
(tana. ">,ioo.r. i>. Busebcr.
Com modere Hu1.!. I'2,??0_Bonner k brown.
Shokokon. *.::*...' -_<:apt. T'.lTt.
D.liio (bris). C'JO0_?. tacad?.
Total atr.'t of salea. ..$251), ?.'JO
Tlic engines of the W?nde were estimated to be
worth Sl'-W.OOi). The bids ou her started at $30,000
and run up to $70,000, when she was knocked down
to Benner St Brown. It was no salo, however.
The Queen commenced at $20,000 and run very
slowly up to $47,009, and the sale was stopp?e!
there, as nobody but "Bonner ?c Brown" would oid
any more. Tho" Daylight could not be sold at any
Erice, although Mr. Stvrgis, out of charity, bid as
igh as $10,000. Tho Navy Department went
$30,000 for her. The inevitable Benner ft Brown
bid $13,000 for tbo Amaranthus, hut more money
is required for her than thjtt euin. The George
Maugham was withdrawn, being full of ord
nance stores, and, owing to a lack of accommoda
tions, she cannot be discharged for some time to
There was finito a large attendance of persons
?d many million., were represented, but prices
ind not suit. Ageneral impression seemed to pre
vail that the prices set bv the Navy Department
were too high. The truth is, that with what have
already been sold, ?and will be put up at auction,
the market is glutted, and parties aro a little more
careful in their purchases than they were a few
FnriT-CiROWiNU in MAUV--A-***.?The farmers on
the Eastern shore of Maryland aro turning their
attention to. fruit-growing on a more extensive
scale than usual, and some of them consider
the raising of poaches, applnj, poars, &c, more
profitable than wheat and cord. Tho Cambridge
Intelligencer says :
Colonel Wallace, who stantls at the head of tho
fruit-growers in Dorchester county, will clear three
thousand dollars from his poach crop this year.
T. D. Martin, H. D. Wright, Dr. J. F. Kurtz, and
numbers of others, have large orchards, and their
profits this season have beon considerable. Our
farmers could not do better than go on planting
and cultivating all kinds of fruit. Tbo position
and other natural advantag?.. of Ea9torn Mary
land warrant the inference that it is destined to
be a great vegetable and fruit garden for tho ci
ties of Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York and
- >?- -
BroroivED Bebet. Captuiie ov Pkkik.?A tele
gram from Shanghai arrived in London on Fri
day, announcing that tho Nienfoi robols?the
rebels, that is, of the northeastern country of Chi
na?bad taken Pekin. That, if trun, would bo the
most important message ever received from that
country, for tho capture of the capital involves
universal anarchy, and it may be the murder of
our own minister, but it is very Ukely not true.
Tho telegram ia dated Judy 12, and another of
July 22 bad previously been roccived, which an
nounces all quiet. There is still enough doubt,
however, to moks all intorcsted in China to look
somewhat anxiously for .detailed information, the
Nienfei rebols having, by the latest letters, taken
a town within one hundred miles of tho capital,?
London Spectator, August 26.
? ?. '
Useful Du?-'ovehies.?Two French discoveries
of morit have been recorded lately. One, which is
authentic, enables copper smelters to utilize their
pestiferous smoke so perfectly that Mr. Viviau,
head of tbo greatest firm in Swansoa, says he
shall be ablo to turn out 1000 tons of sulphuric
acid per week, restoring incidentally many thou
sand acres of land to cultivation. The othor, which
is lesa authontie, is a new mode of tanning in tur
pentino?said to bo bo rapid that twolvc hours will
tan a skin, at half tho former cost. That is good
news for shoe-wearers and bad news for the
Scotch proprietors, who have for years boon cov
ering their unculturablo hills with young oaks,
the bark of which thoy sell to tho tanners.
The Pope i. thinking of a counsel of all thcLish
ops in Christendom tu regulate his position in re
gard to modern civilization.
WA-HIIKOTON r<ODGK WO. ?, A. V. M.
VRKt'UI.AIl 00_I!.U'NK'ATION OEYO?R I.Ol'GE
. wlH be hi'ld :it Mummle Hall, This Evening, at 7'*
oViuck. Uy order of the W. H. J. si?aw.
September M 1' Secretary.
? 71 AUDI HAND WANTED.-A WU1TKKAK
" ?m a small fanr.. about fifty miles? Irom this city.
?obor. Industri?os person ?'an ni?rurt? a HOOd ?ml per.
iujiii-nt Lome. Enquire at No. 18 Broatl-elrcet.
?"opt. robar 14 tlisni:!
TOIVKR8 WANTKU_TEN OOOI> .10IN
Elt"J' ?ranted, on Htcsiaer Fannie. Apply at l>KY
dock. a Bopfember 13
J.-IOK MIiB?A LOT OF OL.D PAPERS.
- _ AVElrat tllis "fBc''- t?eptciiibi r i '
I .-.OU 8AX.K, OU TO KENT. A VERY
. LARCH* AND COMMODIOUS STOREHOUSE, cen
To rent, hl-VERAI. OI-'ITCES in Ilroad-Btrtct.
Apply to It. II. MARSHAL.!., lirolicr and Auctioneer,
No. 33 _Jroa?l-?trcet. Augiint (i
PRIVATE UOAKDINU.COHNEROF KINCI
und Tradd-Struets. Day Uoardom taken.
THE BtSTKRa OK MERCY WILL OPEN A DAY
ROKOOL for Vwiii^ LmIKm, C01M.ER RADC.Ell'EE
AND RU'l'LEDGE-STREETS. on Monday, 17tli inst.
Sciitemb.r 13 7f*
HAVE THIS DAY I'OllMED A OOI'ARTNI.RSHIt'
for ?-Jtrying on a GENERAI, HOUSE. SIGN. SHIP
1'AINTINU AND GLAZING HUSINESH. I'.HtiniateH
eireo for Painting anil Olazing all damagod building., at
the lowest possible raten for canil.
No. 21 STATE-STREET, near Chabnern.
WM. a MILLER.
September 13 3 Lato with Carmult k llriggH.
rriHE UNDERSIGNED HAVING ASSOCIATED WITH
JL bim i" bUHineH!? bin hou EUGENE lt. WALTER, til?
Firm will hereafter bo Unowu aa GEOUGE U. WALTER
& SON. I
The new Finn will continue to receive and forward j
promptly all incrchaudim: and product) i'oufi?ed to their |
carp, and they hope tb<? patrouaiu- so literally extended
to the old Uouhc will be coutinui?a to.tin- new ' ':: in.
GEORGE U. WALTER.
OranRcburR, September 11, 18G0.
Boptembnr 14 tli?tul2
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVE THIS DAY FORMED A
COPARTNERSHIP for th<> purpose of carryin? ?>n
a GENERAL COMMISSION HUSINE83 IN THE CITIES
OK NEW YOHK AND CHARLESTON, under tin? name
mid Qnn in each city of W. B. .t T. E. RYAN. WILLIAM
Ii. RYAN will be the partner r??Hid?:iil in Charleston, and
THOMAS E. RYAN Urn partner resident iu New York.
Cou.siKun'.cnta o?" all kinds of Produce ?ud Manufac
tured artielcH aro respectfully solicited.
WM. B. RYAN.THOS. E. I'.YAN.
Place oi bustno-M in Charleston at No. 69, West s'd-?o!
East Ray-.itrcat, and three doors north of Tr_:dd-Ktro??t.
September f> lmo
IS PREPARED TO EUItNISH DESIGNS. SPECIFI
CATIONS AND DETAIL DRAWINGS for Rui'din?;.
of every dcaciiptlou, and In evory atylo of architecture
that may be desired. Orders from any part of the Urn
ted Stales will receive prompt attention, with moderate
chargea. WALTER S. WEST, Architect,
Corner .th and llroad-strcehi, Richmond, Va.
September 5 3iuoa
??-CONSIGNEES PER SCHOONER "FRANCISCO,'
Srt-oot, Master, are hereby notified thai ?he ll now dis
? harsi'if; at South Atlantic Wharf. All Goods remaining
on the wharf after SUBBet will bo etorcd at their risk
and expense. WILLIS k CUISOLM, Agents.
J?rV NOTICE IS IIEREUV GIVEN THAT THE POL
LOWING described CERTIFICATES OF STOCK i:i the
Great Western Inmusnce Cotnpauy of New York have
been lost, and that after the usual period application
will be made, as usual, for BOW Cortiflcatca, vis: No. 370.
17th May, 183ft, 20 Shares; No. 38'.). 11th Ju:ic, 1U3>", 20
.?nares. IJoi'u in name of E. L. Treaholui? iu trust for
Eliza H. Trenhclm. thli* September 14
Z.ti- NOTICE IS UERERV GIVEN THAT AT THE
u?'~,t OtsDeia] Assembly application will b_ made for a
renewal of the charter of the CAROLINA MUTUAL IN
SURANCE COMPANY of Charlcaton.
S?*?.?.ember 12 3*
ffS' NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT Al'I'LICA
TION will be made at the nest Session of the Legislature
for an AMENDMENT OF THE CHARTER OF THE
CHARLESTON GAS LIGHT COMPANY.
August 21 mtu
?i-HATUUELOlfS HAIR DYE ??THE ORIGINAL
and best in the world I The only true and perfect HAIR
DYE. Harmless, Reliable and Instantaneous. Produces
immediately a upleudid Ulack or natural Drown, with
out injuring the hair or akin. Remedies the ill offeets o
bud dyes. Sold by all Druggists. The genuine is aigucd
WILLIAM A. DATCHELOR. Also.
REGENERATING EXTRACT OF MILLEFLEURS,
For restoring and lleautifying the Hair.
CHARLES BATCHELOR, New York.
August 17 lyr
HEADQUARTERS. DEPARTMENT OF SO. CA., I
Hilton Head, S. C, September 5, 1803. }
[Gekusai. OnDims, No. 27. J
THE FOLLOWING ASSIGNMENT'S TO DUTY ARE
hereby announced, viz:
Drevct Major-General CHARLES DEVENS, U. S. Vol
unteers, to the Command of the Military District of
Charleston, S. C.
Brevet Major-Genera? ADELlil?RT AMES. U. S. Vol
unteers, to the Command of the MiUtary District of
Western South Carolina.
Captain HENRY SETON, filth New York Vetcrau Vol
unteers, as Aid-de-Camp on the Staff o? the Major-Gen
cral Commanding the Department.
By command of Major-General Q. A. Gillmohe.
W. L. M. BURGER.
Official: T. D. HoDCir.s, Captain 3_th U. S. C. T., Act.
AuK't Adj'tOon. 3 Rcptcmber 14
HEADQUARTERS. FIRST SUB-DISTRICT, )
MlUTABZ DlsTUICT (IS ClIAU-.l'SToS, ;
CiiAiii.Ks-roN, S. C, September 19, ltfOi. )
[SrECiAi. Oroeiis. No. 129.)
III. CAPTAIN W. W. SAMSON. 33d U. S. C. T., IS
hereby announced as ACTING ASSISTANT INSPECTOR
of the Post and First Sub-District of the Military Dis
trict of Charleston.
By order of Brevet Brig3ilior-Gcaoral W. T. BsSBETT,
Commanding Post and First Sub-District.
GEORGE S. BURGER.
First Lieutenant i*R__ New York V. Volunteers,
Siiptcmhcr 13 3 and A. A. A. General.
ADVANCES MADE ON
WATCHES, DIAMONDS, JEWELRY, DRY
GOODS AND PERSONAL PROPERTY OF
WILLIAM HT: DEVLIN,
NO. 10 COMING, CORNER WENTWORTH-ST.
August 20 lino*
F. B.C'hidcstcr.K. M. Prltcliard.
CHIDESTER & CO.
WOOD MOULDINGS, ARCMTRAVES,
HAND RAILS, BRACKETS, TRUSSES
Of every description on band and mado to order.
SCROLL SAWING & WOOD TURNING,
Nos. 1? & 1* WAYNE-STREET,
CORNER GREENE, JERSEY CITY.
September 8 _ lmo
No. 00 BEEKMAN-STREET,
COTTON AND OTHER PROPUCE SOLD ON COM
MISSION. General Merchandiso purcbasod and
forwardod to order. lmo* August 16
PRACTICAL GAS FITTER & PLUMBER,
No. 238 King-street,
NEX7 DOOR TO PORTEW? LD STAND
r-ETS. POimVICItlMlOl,. H.MIK IRMA
ril??a.O will tak?? eighty bait* ?'? Umi.... ?i,, ?
U 5& Apply to WILLIS k <;lu_oT/M.
**?--^=? .Mills II, <U?".
September 11 2
ORLEAN- LI K K .?KOK N I? !> \V
YORK.?The A : m '...?il r JULIA A. ha L
LOCK, ?'.??it. ,j. p. UrewsliT, now loading ?At
Vuudertiot.1*- WburT, I\:?% iti?-.*p?.n t ??I cara?? ?u
g;.g???I. wlli:._v.'.ii: ?ir l>e!..r?. U'edlHSitiy, _Oth in-taut.
F??r fnstgiit or passage, upplj t?>
K'l 'VLEH Si CARTER.
_ K-ptomb?? ? V.-.n.l. il:,f..frt Wharf.
.W-^v POU NKW VOl?'v?S'l'AR l.IM?:.?
/3r42?.The AI I'lii.tS.lT. \v:,i, HUNTER. Caotata
^_^_!^-llar'-rt.:i. will liav.? finillctllil(<< illspatcll for tlio
ji-____ab.iv?; ;i??rt. fur r':vi:;lil or ItiK.WKQ, apply to
l>. .1. MTUHOKM.
September s N?. m Adgcr'n w?,:irr.
FOR NEW YORK DIRECT.
M O N E K A ,
CUAS. P. KAB8HB-AX.CoUUAMBsTtt,
TUE SKff, FA?T, ELEGANT ANO FAV?ltlTE STEAM?
M O N E K A
"\Trrr,L LEAVE ACCOMMODATION WHARI'. TO
T> MORROW, KtU inst., at Uuo o'clock, 1'. -f.
Kor Freight or Passa?;?', having mincriair accommoda?
(tons, apply tu ARCHIBALD HETTY k CO.,
Nos. l-.ii Btul 1JS M?.'l?iu;-sl:i-.?t.
LlVIMiMoN, FOX k CO..
A???r.t.-, No. in Broadway, New York.
NOTICE TO TRAVELERS.
CHANO?: OF SCHEDULE.
OFFICE QRMKIMIj HVV'T Vf. AM) Kf. It. I!., I
Wi-MiN<;r'>s-, N. <".. Auuuxt 34, lst'?5. ?
ON AND Al'TElt HUNDAV, AUUUJT 27, DAILY"
TRAINS will be run < ?.<: tin; Wilmington and Mas
rlwster llallroad, between Wilmington ana Kiiigvill??.
Leave Wilmington doll}-at.0.-00 A. U.
Leave KiiiRviU?? daily ul.7::l5 I'. SI.
Arrive at Wilmington dally ?it.8:03 p. M.
Arrive at KinRville daily at.1 :-J5 A. M.
There Is daily cotnmunlcnllon N??rtlifrnm Wilmington
by lia:!. These. Trains conutrct with Trains <>n tin?
N?rtheastern Railroad. Obomw Olhl lJurlilltfton lbi'.!:*??-?!,
and WUmlngtaU and Wcldou E-llroad. They nl-o enn
ni'.t at Kin?villc with n lino of Stages tor Columbia, and
at Suinter with a line tec c.imd<?n.
HENRY M. DBASE,
August 21 lino Ooner '. .Si'vcriiiteiiil??::t.
LAND SURVEYOR'S OFFICE.
No. 01 (West Slilr) St. PUill;.-.st., Clinrlctou,
T\v?j DOOBS ?_i/nv vAN!)i::.i?oi?.sT-sTr.i:r.v.
JOHN _A.. M I.CHEL.
HOURS OF CONSlfr.TATIOX FROM !? A. >!., TO 2
/'. .V.. AN? /'COM t TO C /'. M.
PARTIES WHO 1IAVK LOST Oil MISLAID THEIR
Plat- con bave them duphVatod by applying as above.
| A liberal discount to Attorneys ?.t Law aiul the Pro
fession. AU OfSeo Weil: and I'atcii! office Drawings
TEK&tSCASU. ?1* September it
~ COMMERCIAL HOUSE."""
THE UNDEItftlONED HAVINU OFEKEDTHE COM
&IEHCIAL HOUSE, corner Queen and CUr.rch
streets, will use every effort, by strict attention, to picosa
THE DAK .iti.icli<?J has been fitted up in a, tostel?!
style, with all mildern hnpiwetnunts, whom the choicest
Liquors may be found; auto, furiilslied at the Tal?!-.- ami
in the Rooms, when desired, every day in the wee!,-.
September IS 4 C. OSTICH.
"WE OAK CLUB HOUSE;'
No. 32 G-EOBGrE-rSTREET
Free Lunch nt II A. ?l. iiimI O P. M.,
Ever y I> a y.
Dinners and Suppers lo Order,
IN THE LIVE OAK STYLE.
September l:i Imo
? oi?.m:k KI.N'G AMI gOCIET?-STS.
THE ADOVE HOTEL HAS BEEN COMPLETELY
renovated and refurnished, ami i:? now open for the p??
tronsgs ?^i the public, under un entirely new manaye
A BAB, fittad up with the latest and most modern Im
provements, is att_?;lie?i '.o the House, whom may always
be :'oii:id LIQUOB8 of the must superior quality in tho
LIQUOR can lie obtained at the table, and will als??
be furnished in the rcoin?. at all hours and all ?laya of
tlio week, if ?lesired.
Mr. H. II. PAitSONS, ioniiprly connected with tho
Pavilion Hotel, is attached to the ' Hotel, and would bo
gratlfled to meet any of bin old Mends.
LOBINO ts BEKXETT, Propriolow.
August 24 Sato
SEBTED EVEBI KV'?XIXU AT
Comer Kiu^ and Socic.}-Streets.
GIVE l'S A CA hi? I
MOTTS' SAMPLE ROOMS.
Ales, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, &c.
No. 8 IiltOAD-STHEET. CHAltI.ESTON. S. C.
#g- I'iiEE LUNCH from 11 til! 1 o'clock every ?luy.-^?JL
JOHN MOTT.Vf. V. MOTT.
August :i?_ lm?2
JUST T.U?E A LOOK AT US !
Ales, Wines, Liquors and Segars.
No. ?3 BROAD.STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Free Lunch, from II to 1 o'clock, every ?lay.
Pnoi'iti-TOB.?WILLIAM II. DOUGLAS and WALTER
I'ETERS. Imo An_U8t 31*
HOLDERS OF MEECHANDISE
WHO WISH TO REALIZE IMMEDIATELY, WILE.
consult their latt-T?St.s by ccmsignlni; tho same to
JAS. 11. CAUILL,
Clenoral Commin?lon Mercliaiit,
September 11_3mos Augusta, Qa.
PHILIP Hi KEGLERr
Banker and Collection Agent,
_N"o. 255 King-street,
CHARLESTON, 8. C.
33. O'NI-II-T. & SONS,
MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN
BOOTS AND SHOES,
No. 375 Kinp:-Street, ,
CHARLESTON, 8. O.
CONSTANTLY ON HAND A LARGE STOCK OP
FINE FUR ANP WOOL HATS
. FOR MEN AND B0?S.
asusta; ymj?? ^