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FRIDAY MORNING. SEPTEMBER 15, 18G5.
Can society, at the South, preserve the negro ?
tras Hmj ?inestion with which wc closed a rccont
article, and it ia the paramount qucation of tho
limo. Il can do so, if means can bo devised by
which the negro can be rendered an efficient agent
in society, and only upon that condition; and can
such mean? be found? Slavory waa admirably
suited to the re?n?bition. To form a union be
tween attaquai races, in the aamo aocioty, epecial
government baa liithcrto been regarded a neces
sity. Tho lnwa suited to the more developed race
have becu found iiniilted for the other. Standing
at unequal el?."vatimia, the framo of laws that lit
the one scarce touch tho other ; and hence, there
fore, as the two peoples the least enlightened are
the least fitted to live without law, and as tho law
applied to tho higher race can novor reach the
lower,?as fines can have no forco upon a people
without fondit?banishment upon thoae who have
no acnao of home,?imprisonment upon those who
have but an imperfect sense of liberty,?it has been
found n necessity that, the inequality existing,
there should be a political recognition of the fact,
and a special government to meet tho requisition.
That special government was givon in the form
and name of slavery ; and, whatever may be ?aid
Of it? humanity, it was admirably fitted to bring
out tho -productivo capacities of tho weaker race.
And admitting that there are inequalities iu races,
and that such unequal races ought to co-exist
within the limits of one singlo social structure, it
ia yet difficult to perceive in what other way the
requisition can be adequately met.
But the propriety of that system has been over
ruled. It is denied that there is any inequality,
or if there bo, it is denied thcro should bo any re
cognition of it; and whatever wo may think of the
truth of these assumptions, wc are under obliga
tions to accept and act upon them; and the q?ies
tiou comes, whether the Stato can supply the place
of slavory in the control and discipline of an infe
rior raco? True, wo arc not at liberty to say that
it is an inferior race; but wc have to act upon the
fact, and not our conception of it; and as a fact it
is so, that in his present condition the negro will
not bo controlled, nor will he, to a great extent,
feel tho control of the laws adapted to tho white
raco; and whether that be called inequality, or by
somo less objectionable uamo, it is a fact we must
take notice of; and if the harness of tho horse wili
not fit the elephant, we must adopt a harness that
will fit himj if we expect him to poll or help to
pull along the car of progress.
It is truo also that we arc not to recognize the
inequality. It has been proclaimed that the
whites and blacks arc of the same precise social
stature; that there is no necessity for discrimina
tions; that the harness that will fit tho one ?hall
fit the other; and that it will be regarded as offen
sive if any kind of adaptation is made to inequali
ty which, by competent authority, has boon abolish
ed. Hence, therefore, wc arc not to pass any
Bpccial laws, nor any laws to rcgulato the conduct
of negroes as such, but must accept ourselves the
burthens we impose on them; and tho only alter
native, then, is to adopt a system of laws suited to
the discipline and preservation of the negro, and
ourselves Uve under it.
In such n system, of conreo, there will bo much
that will he painful and offensive. It will bo pain
ful to bo compelled to adopt it, from no conviction
of its proprioty, but from tho opinion or caprice
of another people. It will bo painful to submit to
the restrictions it will impose If tho negro will
wander off from his business, ho must bo re
strained; aud that he may be, wo alao must sub
mit to the same restriction. If he refuses to work
without other means of living, or engaged to work
ho a'__ll fail to do so, he must bo punished, and
tho punishment must como hi such a form as will
most affect him; and that he may bo so punished,
we also, for the same offences, must incur the lia
bility to aliare it with him. This, wo admit, must
bo a sore trial to our people; but it ia tho ono con
dition of success; and the qucation is, therefore,
not whother we shall preservo tho negro and avoid
tho consequences of a war of races, but whether
we will submit to our share of tho burthen that
effort imposes. It were idlo to suppose that wc
preservo tho negro race, as wo proposo to do, with
out he shall work in the harness of society. It
were idle to suppose that ho will do hie work under
such restrictions as wo now can put upon him. At
the beginning of tliis year thcro was abundant
provision in tho planting districts of this State;
tho season now ia closiug, and wc have not now
tho half wc had at tho boghuiing; whilo numbers
have loft plantations for desultory labora, auch
desultory labors arc inadequately performed ;
there ia a scant supply of fish, and now, even at
this season, when both arc easily procured, and
tho wants of the city and its diminished popula
tion, are unusually small, tho evil is increasing
daily. Negroes who kavo so far worked, refine to
work longer; their provisions, inadequately pro
tected and improvidontly used, aro wnsting rapid
ly. It is not improbable that throughout that re
gion, ono year ago as prosperous as any in tho
Union, there may be in the coming winter a want
of food, without tho means, cither with the whites
or blacks, to buy it. As it has been this year so
must it be, in a measure, tho next. No human
being instructed hi tho mattor, and not interested
to misstate it, will dare to say that, loft to present
agencies, there is any hope tho negroes will per
form then- work and becomo oven tolorablo mem
bers of society.
Ho must have government. It wcro idlo to ad
dress his intelligence or moral souse. No people,
tho moat onh'ghtenod of tho world, wcro over
competent to social duty under no othor disciplino
than that imposed by their own intelligence and
moral sonso. It wcro idlo to address his intor
eata who is rich on a month's wages?can novor,
from a sense of interest, incur tho labor necessary
to advance bis fortunes; idlo, also, to address his
wants, for, of ulterior consequences ho has no
concoplion, aud he has no thought of want until
ho feels it. To the preservation of his exisfrnco
th'oroforo, ho must have government?ho must
have tho discipline of a better judgment. This,
no longer to bo applied in the form of slavery,
must bo applied in tho form of public law; and as
public law may not discriminate between tho
races, wo boo no othor way to tho preservation of
that raco, and thus our own, than to framo laws
to moot his caso?to fit his stature in tho social
scalo, and then oursolvos livo under thorn as best
Wo mako tins proposition with a full sense of its
importance Wo know tho necessary repugnance
to so radical a change, and wo know tho reluctance
to admit of its necessity. Mon may naturally
doubt Whether it bo not possibloyot to control tho
colored raco by othor than public laws, or whother
it bo not possible to havo ono codo for tho whites
and another for tho blacks; but in that i=oubt w
havo not boon able to concur. Tho spirit of ag
gression is inexorable. If foilod now, it will return
again to tho attack; and wo must bo its victims no
long as wo preeont, in discriminating penal laws,
m pbjoot for ftttacls,
Wc know it may bo doubted wbcthor oven tho
mensuro wc propose may not be itself an object of
attack. The li?t that the races shall bo equal,
nniy imply that no stricter laws .shall bo imposed
than ?era suited to the higher race; and there an?
some, we doubt not, so bout on mischief that the
ruin of the nice of blacks and whitoa would bo
taken sooner than tho contradiction of their theo
ry, lint wc have tho charity to believe that in
that feeling tho majority of tho North docs not
eoncur, and that, slavery abandoned, they will
not antagonize tho measures necessary to preserve
tho negro raco.
But whatever be tho feeling this proposition
may inspire, it presents the only solution we can
ace to the problem of our further fortunes. Dis
criminating penal laws will make us still the vic
tims of aggression; but penal law-, severe enough
to keep tho negro in hia place and compensate the
discipline that slavery gave him, are indispensa
ble. Wc sec no other way to save him from the
ruin into which ho rushes, and to which he drags
the few remaining interests of our State.
- - - -
At tho commencement dinner at Brown Univer
sity Governor Andrew said :
Our higher institutions of learning and profes
sional scliuols havo attracted my personal atten
tion, both as a citizen and a magistrate, during
the last few years to a degree in which they had
never attracted it before. By a necessity of my
position it has been my duty to examino them
more or less, and think constantly of the work of
disseminating knowledge ninong the people. Po
pul?r education is one of the highest dm ?cm of a
government. It is also true to my mind that we
never can have a constantly growing and pro
gressive svstem of public education adapting
itself to ail tho necessities of the people, unless
those who are the proper guardians of the high
est institutions of learning look to it that they nrc
Hteadilv on the ndvance. A college cannot stand
?till. ?t must go on or it must recede. A college
cannot attempt to stand still without tending to
demoralize the whole Bystcm of public education
in the community. They must be in the van.
They must be up to the standard of intellectual
wants and aspirations of tho peopie, or tiny fail
and education fails witluthcm.
I was glad to observo tho wisdom of tho State
of Rhode Island two or three years ago. in as
signing the Agricultural College fund, derived
from tue Federal Government, to tho eu.tody of
Brown University, thus strengthening the latter,
whilo it made the project contemplated by the
Government an immediate possibility, and the
combined institution forever stronger, not only
for the benefit of those desiring to pursue strictly
clasaical studies, to be followed by otilen* of
a professional nature, but also for the bene
fit of those who wish to devote themselves to
brunches of science strictly applicable to tho
agricultural art. I trust that the intelligent
and wealthy men of the State of Rhode Maud,
of whom there arc so many, will make the
prosperity of this institution the pride and ambi- I
tion of their hearts. Such institutions ought
to be amply endowed, and I think it one of
the highest duties of your people so to endow
this college. Standing upon a broad, liberal
basis, not ?devoted either to sectionalism or
sectarianism, but liberal and catholic towards all
the Christian people of the State ill the spirit and
temper of tho founders of your commonwealth,
with its doors witlc open to the adlu rents of every
faith, I think it affords one of tin- greatest of
temptations to intelligent wealth, since it oilers a
treasury into which they can pour of their abun
dance, 'whore neither moth nor nut can corrupt
nor thieves break through and steal.1 It belongs
to the immortality of the commonwealth; it be
longs to the future of your children; it belongs to
tho pride of your great hcrcaftei ? because great
ness ia not to be measured by material bounda
ries, but by spiritual and intellectual cap:;city and
desert. It belongs to your hereafter as an intelli
gent, thrift}-, patriotic and Christian people. And
may that hereafter be its brilliant as the hopes of
our country! May it ho as certain as the perpe
tuity of our restored and regenerated Union! Stay
it be a? sure as the deep foundation? of this beau
tiful hill crowned by this temple of learning, and
na placid us the serene waters of the beautiful bay
which lave its base.
The Weaeth ok the Country.?The recent ar
rival in this country of a number of English capi
talists and men of enterprise, professedly for the
purpose of inquiring into its resources," and the
opportunities it presents for the investment of
capital, is significent of a strong current of inte
rest abroad in the progress of tho nation, coupled
with a desire to promptly profit by it. The out
break of the war cheeked the tendency to the em
ployment of foreign capital in the United States,
but tho manner in which we waged it, and the tri
umphant victory which crowned it, deservedly gave
our Government and' people a reputation for sta
bility and energy far beyond that which tiny be
fore enjoyed. All through the terrible conflict the
march or industry was unbroken; and although
our carrying trade and commerce Buffered, wo
were, in somo respects, never more prosperous.
Tho strength and glory with which we emerged
from tho contest, figuratively speaking, turning
our swords into ploughshares and our spears into
pruning hooka, astonished the world. Instead of
experiencing the depression which ia was supposed
would succeed the termination of hostilities and tho
disbanding of the army, we find ourselves in the
midst of almost unexampled prosperity, while
every branch of industry and enterprise is under
going further development. No wonder, there
fore, that the millionaires of the Old World see
fresh mines of wealth opening upon their view in
the Now, and a much more profitable field for tho
development of capital than any which is offered
them ut home. It requires little foresight to per
ceive in the railroad which ia to connect the Atlan
tic with tho Pacific a perpetual harvest of divi
dends, as well as the opening awide of tho gates
of the Orient to commerce with the Atlantic States
and tho world by way of California. The impetus
which would be given to our trade with China and
Japan, Singapore and Manilla and adjacent islanda
by the completion of the Pacific Railway, it would
bo difficult to estimate, but undoubtedly it would
be very great. Tho development of the "petroleum
resources of the country would be all the more
rapid for the introduction of European capital in
exploration and well-sinking, while the vast minorai
resources of Colorado, Nevada and other Territo
ries offer extraordinary inducements for the em
ployment of capital and labor.
t_f. T. Herald, 90. inst.
? ? ?
Negroes in Viroinia?Tho freedmen of Vir
ginia arc laboring under a very remarkable delu
sion at present. I have letters from different por
tions of tho Stato which show .conclusively that
they expect more at tho hands of the Government
than they can afford to accord to them. They as
sert that land will have to bo given them, on
which to mako a support for their families, and
tlds expected domain is looked for about the first
of January next. Whether this hopo is general
or not, can not bo said, but ono thing is known,
that they rofuso to engage work to bo porformed
after that time. Many persons now in this city
came horo to employ laborers for thou- farms, but
tho blacks will not live away from tho city, and no
wldto laborers can he procured. Tho.corn mop is
not saved, neither is th? fodder, but tho negroes
porsistontly rofuso to work for good wages. Tho
officers of the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad
keep a standing advertisement In the papers for
"colored laborers," and give all work who apply,
but yet fail to keep fifty hands on whom thoy can
rely. Thoy say they will not work for fifteon dol
lars a month and provisions?cannot livo on it.
.Something must bo done, and done quickly. Tho
hour for fallowing wheat has arrived, and every
day shortens tho proper season in which to mako
preparation for a good crop.?Cor. N. Y. News.
Guatemala.?A grand banquet was given on tho
16th July by the Consul-Genoral of tho Pontifical
8tatcs, in honor of tho Nuncio, but which that dig
nitary was prevented by ill health from attend
ing. Tho municipalities of tho sovoral depart
ments havo beon actively engaged in sending in
addrosBOs to General Cerna, congratulating him
on his elevation to tho Presidency The i'ltluonco
of tho Jesuits is said to bo now paramount, at
least hi tho city of Guatemala. Thoy h?vo estab
lished bakeries, shambles, breweries, <_c, and,
what is worse, pay no tax to tho State. Tho in
dustrious class, with whom tho Jesuit establish
ments aro competing, begin to show signs of dis
ploasuro. Tho Jesuits aro charged with evading
export duty on spocio, by smuggling American
twenty-dollar pieces in cakes of chocolate.
Tue Inox Mah?faot?bb. ? Tho eighth census
ropresenta thirty-six establishments for tho man- ,
uJac;urS ?f bar, sheet and railroad iron in the
Middlo 8tatea in 1860, with an invested capital of
*f2,0-7,8j0; the cost of raw material annually is
stPted to havo been $2,015,911; tho number of
malo hands omployod, 2,430; cost of labor, $835
(w?; ana annual value of products, $3,808,709.
The Democratic Convention?Its Platform
nntl Cn militated.
[From the Albany Argus, Se?,.embcr&.]
Tho proceedIngs <">f the Democratic Convention
aro before tho people. Wc believe that they will
command the approval of the masses, as they <'or
taiuly represent the ?opinions and rc-llcct tho views I
of thu Dotnoerat-j of the State. No convention was |
ever held in the State moro harmonious or unite?!;
none ever adjourned with such enthusiastic confi
dence in victory.
The platform, reiterating the pledge of the parly
to its time-honored principias, confronts tho im
mediate and pressing questions of the day with
spirit and courage; and lays hold of them with a
comprehensive and statcsinan-hkc grasp. Thore
was no surrender of any principle or policy of the
past; but the immediate work of the convention
wns with the living issues of tho prosont?tho res
toration of the alienated States, State control over
the question of suffrage, the subordination of tho
military to the civil rule, the recognition of the
obligation of the national debt, coupled with the
assertion of the principle of equality in taxation,
continued adherence to the Monroe 'doctrine, anil
a congratulation to the South on the spirit in
which they havo accepted the consequences of
civil war, including the abandonment of slavery.
These aro the subjects with which the resolutions
deal, aud in regard to which they express the sen
timent? of the Democracy of New _ork. The en
dorsement uf tin-policy of President Johnson, in
regard to the restoration of State authority, is
strong without servility, and aR the more forciblo
for its discrimination and reserve. Let our po
litical opponents contest these positions, before
the people, in frank discussion, and wc are content
to abide the verdict.
Three candidates upon tho ticket are taken from
tho ranks of the army. Major-Geueral Slocum
entered publie life as a Republican, having iu a
contest with Alvonl, of Syracuse, then a professod
Democrat, defeated him. Soon after his connec
tion with the army, ho became a warm aupportor
of General McClellan, and his nomination was not
made until after a vetjr frank expression by him
of concurrence in the Democratic policy (commu
nicated in a let 1er to General Green, of Onondaga),
and a declaration that if nominated In: would re
sign his command hi the army, to meet, if neces
sary, the exigencies of the canvass.
General Patrick, an officer in the regular army,
has boon little involved in tho politics of tho day,*
but he voted for Douglas in 18?l), aud was a devout
friend of McClellan, and an ardent supporter of
the Democratic cause, despite of all adverse influ
ence and pressure." ColonelMcNett represented
Eric in the Assembly of 1858, served with great
gallantry during the war, was wounded, losing an
arm, anil should have been honored with higher
rank by the Governn?ont. The Democracy of tho
State will give him what reward is in thoir power.
The remaining seven nominations are takou
from civil life. Judges Brown and Grover aro now
on the bench?upright and able men. Mr. Robin
son, tho present comptroller, was nominated by
tho convention?because ho is an able and honest
officer in a place most difficult to fill; because hi?
views ?if State policy are entirely Democratic; aud
because the pointa of difference between him and
Democrats, upon national topics, have ceased to
exist. John Van Duron's brilliant talents arc too
well known to require allusion. The office for
which he is designated is in the lino of his pro
fession, and he will restore its auciout reputa
Mr. Armstrong, for canal commissioner, is a
merchant of this citv, interested in the traffic of
the canals, and conversant with their wants. His
Integrity and capacity are alike unquestioned.
Mr. Sweet elands high in his profession as an
engineer, and as nu accoinplishcil gentleman.
Mr. IYrrinV nomination was the reward of ardu
ous labors rendered in past years to the Demo
This is a representative ticket. It embraces the
whole scone of the Democracy?ok! tnen aud
-rating, soldier and civilian, sonic who have at
times departed from tho organisation, and those
who have at ali times adhered to it. But it is a
single ticket, and represents a linglu Interest?tho
Democracy of the future. Its election (by a ma
jority numbered in tens of thousands) will inaugu
rate a new era, auspicious, we believe, of goml
government, wise progress, aud tho permanent
advancement of tho people.
The Naval Race_The long talked of naval
race between the two double-end gunboats Algon
quin and YViuooski, will soon take place. The ob
ject of the race is to develop a mechanical princi
ple between engines of Government construction
and those of civil contract. For a long time there
has been considerable rivalry between two eminent
engineers of this country, viz: Mr. Isbcrwund,
Chief Engineer of the United States Navy, aud
Mr. Diekeraon. This rivalry has induced much
controversy as t<- the nature and character of ma
rine steam engines for the United States Navy.
For months thu controversy assumed the shape of
an extended newspaper controversy, in which the
public wcro enlightened to a considerable amount
of mechanical technical terms, the whole affair
ending as it begun, without dispensing with any
of the points in controversy. The present case,
however, has been decided upon to determine the
relative meritB of tho two systems of engineering,
and it seems to be the determination of the naval
authorities in this city to afford tho public tho
largest amount of instruction and amusement in
witnessing tho affair.
Tho course arranged is around Long Island.
The vessels are to anil three times around the Is
land. The first day thoy arc to bo limited as to
pressure of steam aud tho consumption of coal,
after which they are to coal and stoam to the full
est oxtent and "capacity of each stoamer, ynt not
to exceed the maximum pressure of steam usually
carried on board United States vessels.
The two vessels are now moored togothor at the
foot of Delanccy-streot. Admiral Gregory (United
States Navy) has the charge and direction of tho
whole affair, and has thus far exhibited tho utmost
impartiality in the preparation of tho vessels.
Tue nATTiAN W.vn Steamer Gekftiabd.? The
Haytian war steamer Geffrard, whoso arrival off
the Battery has already been roportcd, has boon
visited by a numbor of" our citizens. The vessel
was built at Bordeaux about six years ago, and is
used for special government service by the Hay
tian republic. She is a schooner-rigged sido
whcel steamer of one bundled and fifty tons bur
then, and measures ono hundred and twenty foot
iu length, thirteen feet breadth of beam and six
teen feet depth of hold. Tho cngmes and ma
chinery were built at Greenwich, England, by
Pcnn _ Sou. The average rato of speed of tho
Geffrard on the voyage from Port au Prince was
eight miles an hour, nut it ia boliovcd that aftor
repairs have been made she will attain a much
higher rate of speed. She ia armed with two four
pounders of smooth bore, and carries a crow of
fifty-four men, including the officors. Tho vessel
Bits about eight feet out of water, and draws nine
feet and a half; her Bteru is round, after tho
American clipper fashion; tho bow is sharp, sur
mounted by a lino piece of gilded acroll-work; tho
linea aro graceful. The vessel is painted white,
but presents a rather dingy appearance, owing to
her late voyage and the climate from which she
The Haytian naval uniform consists of an invisi
ble bluo dross coat, pantaloons of blue cloth or
whito duck, heavy bullion opaulets, and cockod
hat decorated with a rod and bluo cockade, bear
ing a representation in gold of the arms of tho re
public, viz: a palm tree surmounted by a liberty
cap, with standards above two crossed cannon.
Tho Geffrard's visit to this port is for tho pur
pose of having her bottom overhauled and now
coppor laid on. It was found almost impossible
to nave this work done in Hayti, owing to tho
moagro shipbuilding facilities of the ?Bland.
[New York Herald, Oth inst.
? * 0
Central Amebioa_Tho Panama Railroad Com
pany's steamer Parkersbnrgh, from Central Amer
ican ports, arrived at her anchorage on .the eve
ning of tho ICth nit. Her cargo consists of the
following : For Liverpool?521 bales cotton, 76
coroons cochineal, 1 package incise., 3 cases bal
sam, G pkgs. spocio, 1032 coroons silver ore, 135
bags coffee. For Southampton?642 ceroons cochi
neal, 307 ceroons silver ore, 2 bags coffee, 10 pkgs.
apecio. For New York?34 ceroons cochineal, 1
bag coffoo, 15 halos cotton, 1 package spocio, G9
bales deer ekins, 1106 dry hides, lpackago balsam,
1 package nuise. \ For Panama- -161 bags rico, 2
coroons cochineal, 12 pkfa. specie, 5 pkga. sugar,
40 bags coffoo.
Female Votiho.?Tho question whother women
shall vote is getting practically decided in Europe.
Tho inhabitants of Am, in Franco, ehoso tbo othor
?lay nino of their townswomeu to bo of tho muni
cipal counsel thoro; and lawyers in England are
roady to contend that if tho ratepayers of a parish
should tako it into thoir heads to depute naif a
dozen benevolent ladies of thoir numbor to tho
board of guardians, by a cloar majority of votes,
no legal obstacle would provont thoir admission.
John Stuart Mill proposes to discard, in all future
roform bills, any distinction of box; while, says an
English writer, to show how it would work, wo
havo just been favored with a specimen oloction
specch by Lady Jonkinsou, who, so to speak, un
successfully contested Dorsetshire inker nus baud's
DIED, in Montgomery. Ala., on the 3d instant. after a
painrul illness. Mr.s. (?. O. 11. I'Al.HOUN, Into consort of
Major i. L. Oai.hoi'?T. leaving mi infant one inoiith old.
fl_fc)r A DA Vf AOENTH ?VAKTKU TO
Vi?>_if> Bell anowami wonderful SEWING MACHINE,
tin- oniv cheap onelieeusod. Address ?HAW k CLARK,
Blddcford, Main. -.Inn?!? September 15
tfilQA Amonth: a?JK.rv'rs m?aN-BD von
iT!5 *M / Hxenttret? net? articles just out Address O. T,
GAKEY. City B-U-Ing, Uiddcl'ord, Maine.
September 15 limns
TuiNKKS WASTKU_TKI? UOOU .JOIN
ERS wanted, oa Steamer Fanuio. Apply at DRY
DO.'K. 9 September I'd
FOK SALE?A LOT OF 0_,1> PAPERS.
Apply at thiH office. September 14
TO RENT.?A VK11V DESIKAIII.E RESI
denco on East Hay, between Society and l.iui ens
Streets, containing six upright rooms, pantry and dress
ing room; out-liuilditigfl brick, with good accommoda
titms for servants ; also, niable and datera. Tim prop
erty ha?? recently ticen pul in mod order. Possession
given lit October. Apply at this ottlcc.
September 15 fttilM
rpO KENT, TIIK WAVEKLEV IIO_.SE, AT
JL the Bend of Kiag-strect.
DWELLING HOUSES AND STORKS in King-street.
Apply to H. H. UAYMUN?,
Corner of Water-street and the Uattery.
August 18 xiaxt
I7*OR SALE, OR TO _UBNT, A VERY
? LARGE AND COMMODIOUS STOREHOUSE, cen
To rent, BBVBBAL OFFICES in Broad-street.
Apply to lt. M. HABBHAT.L, Broker and Auctioneer,
No. 33 llroad-atrcet. August 0
PRIVATE HO.llti)i\(;,(()itM:it()i KINO
and Tradd-streets. Day Hoarder* taken.
THE MISSES MARSHALL WILL OPEN A SCHOOL
on the Utli of October, at the residence of their
father, ltev. Alex. W. MarshaU, No. IS Ainhernt-Htreet,
for children mid young ladies. The Elementary as well
as the higher branches of an EngliHh education will bo
taught, including French and Music, l-'or terms, apply
as obove. fmwl5 September U "
THE SISTERS OF MEltCV WILL OPEN A DAY
SCHOOL for Young Ladies, CORNER RADl'LIFFE
AND lUITLEDGE-STREETS, on Monday, 17th last
September 13 :i*
A ALL PERSONS HAVING ANY CLAIMS AGAINST
tr'o EnUitu rf the late WM. L. I.IOULTRIE. M. D..
of St. John's (Herkc'cv) Parish, planter, will please pr?
nent thoiu, properly attested, to JAMES -lOULTRlE,
M. 1),, corner of Pitt anil Montague-streets; and all per
sons indebted thereto will make payment to the same.
JAMES MOULTKIE, M. D.,1 Qualiilcd
JOHN HAHLESTON, j Executors.
September 15 fiuw:i*
HAVE THIS DAY FORMED A COPARTNERSHIP
for carrying on a GENERAL HOUSE, SIGN, SHIP
PA1NTINO AND GLAZING UUSINESS. Estimates
given for Painting and G ?axing aU damaged buildings at
the lowest possible rates for cash.
No. _1 STATE-STREET, near Chalmers.
WM. O. MILLER,
September lit .') Late with Cannait k Briggs.
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVE TUIS DAY' FORMED A
COPARTNERSHIP for the purpose of carrying on
a GENERAL COMMISSION HUSINESS IN THE CITIES
OF NEW YORK AND CHARLESTON, under the name
und linn in each city of W. H. k T. E. RYAN. WILLIAM
1J. RYAN will be Hie partner resident In Charleston, and
THOMAS E. RYAN the partner resident in New Y'ork.
Consignment- of all kinds of Produce and Manufac
tured articles are respectfully solicited.
WM. U. UYAN.TIIOS. E. RYAN.
Place of business in Charleston at No. Oil, West side of
Font Hay-9trcet, mid throe doors north of Tradd-street.
September G lmo
IS PREPARED TO FURNISH DESIGNS. SPECIFI
CATIONS AND DETAIL DRAWINGS for Huildings
of every description, and in every style of architecture
that may be desired. Orders from any part of the Uni
ted States will receive prompt attention, with moderate
charges. WALTER S. WEST. Architect.
Corner 4th and Broad-streets, Richmond. Va.
Reptomber B ?Inios
&3r- NOTICE TO CONSIGNEES.?THE CONSIGNEES
per Merchant's Linu Sehr. MARY HTEDMAN. Peaucf.
Master, arc hereby notified she will commence dis
charging cargo nt Vandorhorst's Wharf, This Day. Alt
Goods remaining oil the wharf at sunset, will he stored
at their risk and expense.
September 15 2 WILLIAM ROACH, Agent.
?d-CONSIGNEES PEU SCHOONER "FRANCISCO.'
Smoot, Master, arc hereby notified that she is now dis
charging at South Atlantic Wharf. All Goods remaining
on the wharf after sunset wUl be stored at their risk
and oxponse. WILLIS _ CHISOLM, Agents.
&$~ STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA?CHARLESTON
DISTRICT.?By GEORGE DUIST. Esquire, Ordinary.?
Whereas, HENRY M. MANIGAULT, of Charleston,
Planter, made suit to mo to grant him Letters of Ad
ministration of the Estate and Effects of PETER MANI
OAULT, late of St. James Sautec, Planter: Theso are
therefore to cite and admonish all and singular the kin
dred and creditors of the said Peteh Manioault, do
ceased, that they be and appear before nie, In the Court
of Ordinary, to be held at Charleston, No. 3 Rutledge
strcct, on 29M day of September, 18G5, after publication
hereof, at 11 o'clock in the forenoon, to show cause, If
any they have, why the said Administration should not
Givon under my hand, this 11th day of September,
Anno Domini 18.5. GEORGE BUIST,
September lb' i_ Judge of Probates.
?S-BATCHELOR'S HAIR DYE I?THE ORIGINAL
and best m the world 1 The only truo and perfect UAIR
DYT_ Harmless, Reliable and Instantaneous. Produces
immediately a splendid Black or natural Brown, with
out Injuring the hair or skin. Remedies the 111 effects o
bad dyes. Sold by all Druggists. The genuine Is signed
WILLIAM A. BATCHELOR. Also,
REGENERATING EXTRACT OF MILLEFLEURS,
For restoring and Beautifying the Hair.
CHARLES BATCHELOR, New York.
August 17 _lyr
Fnurr Sud-Distmct, Mil. Dibt. of Charleston, J
Cuahleston, S. C, Hoptombor 14, 1865. J
[Special OnoEns, No. 131.]
PAR. n. A SESSION OF THE CIRCUIT COURT OF
the First Sub-District of the Military District of Charles
ton wUl be held at the Barrows, commencing Moniay,
By order of W. T. Bennett,
Brevet Brlg.-Gcn. Com. Post and First Sub-District.
GEORGE 8. BURGER,
I?t Liout. 54th N. Y. V. V. and A. A. A. ?.
Soptombor 16 3
HEADQUARTERS. DEPARTMENT OF SO. CA., )
Hilton Head, S. C orptomber 5, 1805. }
[General Oiidehb, No. 27.J
THE FOLLOWING ASSIGNMENTS TO DUTY ARE
hereby announced, viz ;
Brevet Major-Gcnerat CHARLES DEVENS? U. 8. Yol
1 untcers, to tho Command of tho Military District of
Charleston, S. 0.
Brevet Major-Ocncral ADELBERT AMES, ?. S. Vol
unteers, to tho Command of tho Military District of
i Western South Carolina.
Captain HENRY SETON, 51th Now York Veteran Vol
unteers, as Ald-do-Cnnip on tho Staff of tho Mojor-Gcn
cral Commanding tho Department.
By command of Major-General Q. A. GiLt.Monn.
W. L. M. BURGER,
Official: T. D. Hodoes, Captain 35th U. 8. C. T., Act
Ass't AdJ't Gen._3_September 14
ADVERTISEMENTS RECEIVED ON THE MOST
reasonable terras for tho LEADING NEWSPAPERS
In tho South. Specimen copies can bo seen by applying
to HORACE P. RUGG,
P. O. Box 241. No. 108 Market-sti-tit.
Advertisers wW do well to call._September 1
I_. W. S_?EATT,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
OF-ICE OYE-. m'KA? - CAMT-EIX, nABEL-STBEET,
NE?T DOOR TO POST-OFFICE.
Ho w_3 act as Agent in procuring PARDONS and ?d
ufiting CLAIMS on Treasury Dopartmont,
r r-x Ft? Il I, I V K K l'O O L.-lUliK IHMJ.
?_35u? ?ill tak. lahty luden (Vii?*-i on deck.
LjYE^* A1'1>1>* to WILLIS & ?ilUsur.M,
_J_.-^__? Mills House.
September 11 2
.. (>RI,?A IV S LIN K .?I?\'>U M : w
YORK.?The A I s< :..M>ii,r Jill.,'A A. HAL
-jI.oi'K, Cup*, j. p. UrewHter, now .'oadinn ut
-?VaUilerboMt's Wharf, lui-.in? part of ."ai*n<)cn
l;:i??i1, will leave <'ii or before Wednesday, 20th instant.
r'i/r frciyiit or nasnue, apply to
STYLES k CARTE *&<
September M * Vanderhorot's Win *rf,
, VOH IVKW VOUK?STAR MNk'?
The AI Parket Sehr. WM. ?IUNTKR, Capta tttt
Mlarksen, will h?vo Im mediale dispatch for uV?
labovu port. Tor Freight or I'aaaaga, apply to
D. .). HTURUES,
September 8 No. 10 Adder's Whist.
SEW ?OICKfc CHARLESTON STEAMSHIVS
FOB NEW YORK DIRECT.
TUE NEW AND FIRST-CLASS STEAMSHIP?
UVAIvIiK CITY, Si?l< ivlierl,
W. H. WEST.Commanded-;
mu \mt;' \. Propeller,
E. B. BENSON.CoaiiU-SDQs?;
TUE SPLENDID STEAMSHIP
WILL LEAVE BROWN'S WHARF. TO-MORROW?'
the lflth September, at o'clock, precisely.
For l-'Miilit or Paasue, having HANDSOME AC*.
(JOMSIODATIONS, apply to
THADDE?S STREET, No. 71 East Bay.
NOTICE TO -TUAVKIiKRS.
CHANGE OF Si'lIl'.Ol'LK.
Omm OKSKiivi. KLi-r W. ash M. R. It.,? *
WlI.MIXOTON. N. C, AUKUHt 34, lHf,5. f
ON AND AFTER SUNDAY. AVOUHT ?, DAXCST
TRAINS will he run over tin Wilmington and Man
chester Railroad, between WiUulugtOU ain' Kin(-viUo.
Leave Wilmington daily at.G :00 A. M".
Leavo Kingvillo ?lally at.7 ::( *> P. M.
Arrivo at Wilmington daily.at.:* :?.*> p. >r.
Arrive at Kingvillc daily at.1:35 A. M.
There is daily coniinuuii-ation North from Wihniugtotz
by Rail. These Trains connect with Trains on t_a
Northeastern Railroad. ? her?.'.* and DarUliRtou Railroad,
ami Wilmington and Welilon Railroad. They ah"0 con
nect at Kiiif?villo with a line of Stages for Columbia, ami
at Suiutor with a line 1er Cam len.
HENRY M. DRANE,
August 21 lmo General .Superintendent.
J, DRAYTON FORD,
HAVING RESFMED HIS BUSINESS, WILL PER
CHASE AND SELL REAL ESTATE, BONDS,
STOCKS, and all other kinds of Properly on Commie?
?ton. Also, will take RISKS OF INSURANCE AGAINST!
FIRE on Cotton, Building.'.-, tttooku of ?iooils, k<\. In:
Flint Class Companies. Ottlee No. C9 1IASEL-STEEET,
next to King. fmwl2 September 15
No. 724 Broadway, New York.
September 15 2mo
STBASBUBGER & NUHN,
No. 66 MAIDEN LANE,
HAVING IMPORTED THE LARGEST ASSORT
MENT OF TOYS, CHINA. FANCY GOODS, BEADS,
SLATE PENCILS, kc, now offer to buyers auporior in
ducements from an entirely new und moat carefulljf
selected Stock bought for cash,
AT THE LOWEST PRICES.
ORDERS EXECUTED WITH PROMPTNESS ANT?
FIDELITY. lmo September 15
ADVANCES MADE ON
WATCHES, DIAMONDS, JEWELIt?, DRTtT.
GOODS AND FEB80NAL PROPERTY OP
WILLIAM H. DEVLIN,
NO. 10 COMINO, CORNER WENTWORTH-ST.
AugUBt 20 lmo*
No. 318 KIX-J-STUEET,
ONE DOOR ABOVE SOCIETY-STREET,
Cliai-lcstou, S. C.
CARD PRINTING AT NEW YORK PRICES.
&g- The latest New York papers constantly on hand.^ESI
August 25 t
S. G. COURTENAY,
BOOK AND STATIONERY DEPOT,
Ansu.t u CHAKI.ESTON, 8. C.
FMW G00? DEALERS j>;
OF THE t
Bookseller, Stationer ami Manufacturer
PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS, and '
CARTE DE VISITE,'
Bess respectfully to Bay that lio Is still located at l?a,
old stand, ;
No. 126 Nassau-street, New York",
whore ho continues to supply Hie Jobbing and Ratal!
Trado with all orticlcs In the BOOK AND STATIONER^
LINE, en tho most liberal terms. _
Books, BtaUonorj-, Note, Letter. Cup. Legal Cap, BUI,
ova Bath Papers. Photograph Albums, Carte do Visita
ior Albums, Blank Books, Inks, Mui-ilago, Envelopes
&c, &c, kc, in great variety and cheap.
A superior Uno of POCKET DI ARIES FOB 186?.
Catalogues sent on appUcaUon.
Orders promptly flUea. Address
N?; 136 Nassan-streeti
August 14_ ???.
D. O'NEILL & SONS,
MANUFACTURERS AND DEALEBS IN
BOOTS AND SHOES;
No. 375 King-Street,
CHARLESTON, S. O.
CONSTANTLY ON HAND-A LAROE STOCK OP
FINE FTTH AND WOOL HAT8
FO? JIEN AND BOYS.
August 21 __-)*__