CHAKLESTO?T DAILY yEWS....DECEMBEB 9, 1865._
only a kir n?ld to secure the viel vy. Here thc human
mind goes forth unshackled in the pursuit of science,
? to collect.stores of knowledge sad acquire au ever-in
orcas-.ngTnastery over the forces of nature. Here the
national denium is offered and hold in millions u sepa?
rate freehold ?. so that our feUow-ciltaeni, beyond tho
occupant* of any other part of the earth, cottsttateln
realitj: n'people. Herc exists the democratic-sTsijfKjf
government; and that form of gi>verument, hythe ?Jon-^
fession ot European statesmen, "gives a power of whim
no other form is capable, because it Incorporates every
mau ?ith th" State, and arouses every .ling that be
J ongs to the soul."
Where, it. past history, does a parallel exist to
the public happiness which is within thc reach of
(he people <f the United States? Where, in my
part ot the globe1, can institutions be foin .so
suited to tl < ir habits or so entitled to thei lovel
as th. ;; own free Constitution? Every one of i icm, '
fhen, in whatever part of the land he has his h ?me,
must wish its perpetuity. Who of them will not j
now acknowledge in the words of Washington, that
?? "eyerv step bv which thc people of thc United
Stales" have advanced to die character of an indc-1
pendent nation, .seems to harre been clistinguisbcd
by some token of Providential agency?'' Who
wil? not join with me in the prayer, that the invisi
" ble ham? which has led us through the clouds that
gloomed around our path, w?hso guide us onward
to a perfect restoration of fraternal affection, that
tve >1 this dav may be able to transmit our great
inheritance, "of State Governments in ail their
rdfrbts, of the General Government in its whole
.constitutional Vigor, to our posterity, and they to
-theirs through countless generations V
Washington, December i, 1SG5.
THE STATE LEGISLATURE.
'FBOJI OCR OWN COUJAEsFOSDEST.]
CoLorniA, December C.-I sent ..vi, to-day, a
telegraphic summary of Message No. i of His
Escelleucv the Governor. The Message ia d< il pr?
ing of attentive perusal. It abounds in good sense
and practical suggestions, and will convince tito
most skeptical that thc man whom the- citizens of
thc State have chosen to guide them through the
transition state in which they now are, is eminent?
ly worthy of the position which he is called upon
to till, and that, though the task is difficult, if
will be ably performed. Thc Message was read in
tho House by the Hon. W. H. TsEscor, and is a
EXECUTIVE DEPT., SOUTH CAKOLIXA, i
DECKIUIEK 5, HG5. t
' Qeidlcincu of the Senate and HUHS? of B*prt$ett(a-1
It is my duty to "recommend to your considera?
tion such neasurcs as I shall judge necessary or
expedient." Tho messnges of the Provisional
Governor, at your special and regular sessions,
have brought to your attention many of the sub?
jects meriting vour consideration at the prese nt
time. Some, however, have not been noticed, and
. others, in my judgment, arc of sufficient impor?
tance to 1. o reiterated.
Tue pee pie of the State arc not in a condition to
pay the usual taxes heretofore collected, ahei bence
thc necessity of omitting all appropriations which
the eftici ,nt administration of the Government
. does not imperiously rcqnir . The annual appro?
priations for Free " Schools auel for tho Military
Academy should bc suspended for the next year, !
and the "appropriations for tho College, for Public j
..'Buildings, for Contingent Accounts and Claims, I
materially reduced. Put, with all the economy j
that can be practiced to keep your State Govern- .
meut in operation, it will require such a arni to I
* meet necessary expenditures, as will be oppressive
On tho people to raise. Thc Courts can not be
?opened if your Jtulges fail to receive their salaries.
'Tbs functions of the Legislative and Executive De?
partments of the Government can not bo pe rform?
ed it their pav is withheld. When you euail have
dejtermi.ieu the amou.it you intend to appropriate
fo: tho ilscai year, how can the money be raised to
meet ttl It must bo done by taxation or loan.
The' am oialous situation in which wc arc placed
, precludes thc hope that any loan can be effected
wi! renn ruinous loss. If this i.-., trotinen our only
res turee is taxation. JJHsBr
The Troasury ia empty, anda?Wv??i not bc pru,],
imo it before the first of JuncB"TTow is your Gvtfm
erunieut to be kept in opcrati<!n until that tinjfl
I reeon menAaJfcat the Xn?.isui-eT be authorizcd^H
issue tt'rtjjfl |?r*rt"(liies.s, payable tobe?
. issue is limited tc one-half of the taxes to be
levied. By imposing this limitation, the public is
eflectu illy protected against a redundancy in the
issue, und its redemption is certainly secured dur?
ing the fiscal year.
All the direct tax duo tho Government of the
United States has not yet bceu paid. The laws of
. Congress now prohibit tho t-'tato from assuming
the tax; but I feel very confident that tile same
privilege will be accorded to South Carohna that
Las ben enjoyed by most of the States of the
Union. I, therefore, recommend that Congress bc
. memorialized by the Legislature, so to moc?fy the:
.existing lu w as will enable the State to assume the
'lax, and that the Secretary of the Treasury be re
?uested to suspend tho collection of the same until
ongress may have timo to consider the applica?
tion. ?ou can provide by law, at your present ses?
sion, that in the event the privilege is granted the
State, uhat the Governor be authorized to consum?
mate tile arrangement with tho Treasury ?epart
ment at Washington. And, in this connection, I
.may bring to your attontiou the conelitiou of the
Hands cu and near tho seaboard, where this di?
rect tf.x bas been collected by Bales under tho
yarioun Acts of Congress. Much of the land in
that se ction has been sold at enormous sacrifices,
and is infinitely more valuable in amount than
the whole tax; and, if general statements are to
'be trusted, these sales have realized for the Gene
:ral Government nearly tho whole of the
direct -ax apportioned to this State, and that, too,
without taking into consideration thc value of the
lauds purchased or reserved by the Government
itself. These facts should, I think, be brought to
the attention of the Government by the action of
the Legislature, and tho Executive authorized, if
possib e, to effect with the General Government
nome f.melioration of the enormous and ruinous
sacrifice which has thus been imposed upon a por?
tion of the citizens of tho State.
The exhausted condition of the country, and the
-oom pl ito prostration of our finalices, require that I
debtors should bs still further protected by par- '
??ally itaying the collection of debts. It would be
wine to r'ctst the existing law upon the subject, j
and pr?vido that the creditor should have the pri- '
?ilege of suing his debtor to judgment, so that a i
lien upon his property may be secured: that the 1
interest and a part of the principal should be col-1
lecteil annually; that the whole sum may be col- j
loeted when the debtor attempts fraudulently or '
dane est int]y to remove or dispose of his proper- i
ty; f iat ihe law should not ?i; ply to debts con?
tracted after its passage, nor should any indul- '
gonce bc given in eases o? trespass or for torts to
persons eu- property committed before or alter che i
pass ige of the act.
Serious inconveniences often result from tho .
difficulty and delay in securing charters for rail- j
road, liianuiy.ctuniig, mining and other compa-1
nies, intended to develop the wealth and resources I
of the State. Much time is necessarily consumed ,
in the consideration of each application, and the
statute book is encumbered with these numerous
acts of incorporation. To facilitate the forma-'
tioit < i all companies where men are willing to
veuture their means to develop the industrv,
wealth, prosperity and resources of the State,*IJ
recommend the passage of a general act of iucor- j
poration, and when its provisions are ceminhed 1
with, that the subscribers to the capital stock be '
. declared a body politic.
By Act of the General Assembly in 1S37. the ?
?State ient its credit to secure a loan for the Lui.- ''
Ur ?lie, Cincinnati and Charleston Railroad Com- '
pany, and authorized the Comptroller-General to >
snc'orse the bonds of thc Company, pledging "the 1
fait b und funds of thc State to the faithful perfor- j
.manee of the contract." The bomls, amounting,
to two millions of dollars, were issued and en-1
dor.sed, and will fall due the first of Janr.arv next '
The Company cannot pay the bonds, and the
State isi unable, ut the present time, to make g. od
.the endorse mint, lt is believed that the prim i
:pa. bond-holders are willing to extend the deb
.for twenty years longer, if the State will renew
.he:: guaranty. Ihe State has a stainton- niort
:ga.je on the road; and upon its renewal Tre'eoni
micnd that authority be given the Comptroiler
-General or th" Treasoiy to renew the ciieiorse
ment of the new bonds that mav be requir-d to
liquidate tho old bonds. No increased Iiabiiitv
on UM pa ? of Ute state will be incorrect, anti i
may reasonably anticipate that, within the ne
twenty years, the company can pay the hom
?principal and interest, and save the State hart
ess on ita guaranty.
I communicate, herewith, a resolution of tl
Board of Trustees of the South Carolina Colley
"recommending that the College be converted in
au University. I heartily concur in the proprie
o? tue proposed chango*. By adding to the pr
sent profession-hips, schools for the study of la'
medicina and modern languages, a thorough st
entitle, classical und professional education mi
be obtained by the yoong raen of the State. Tl
increased number of students which it will attra
will make the University nearly self-supportin
and with an appropriation of seven hundred ai
fifty dollars to each of nine professors, this vene
aldo aud much revered institution may be contii
ned.' it would be a reproach if such an ineonaii
crablc sum was refused, and the tthaa mater
MeDuflie, Harper, Preston, Legan , O'Neill ai
Petigrn permitted to pass away and perish. ?
I also recommend that the Board of Visitors i
the Military Academy be authorized to change i
organization, and, if possible, continue it a sei
supporting institution. The building in Charle
ton is adapted to thc purpose, and cannot be wc
appropriated to any other object. Its occupath
would, to a groat extent, preserve the prqpert
from wast'- and destruction. With a competei
corps of instructors, a practical education cou!
lu- secured in loss time and at lesa cost than i
other collegiate institutions, and the military foi
ture in its organization would secure the habit i
discipline so essential to success in all the pursui
of after life.
I am informed that there is a quantity of pm]
erty of various descriptions, belonging to t?
State, in different localities, which is wastin
.or being appropriated to their own use byindivh
uals. lu tito get eral wreck as much should L
saved as possible; and such articles as may ni
hereafter bc needed by the State should be co
lected and sold, and the proceeds paid into th
Treasury. An agent should be appointed, i it
ful! authority to take possession of all such pitbl:
property, and sell the same. Whore property hu
been appropriated by individuals, the agent shoul
be authorized to compromise with them; and if li
cannot negotiate a just settlement, that he inst
tute suit, in the name of the Stale, against th
trespasser-in which action no stay of exceutb
on judgment should be allowed the defendant
This agent should be- compensated exclusively b
commissions on all amounts which may be pai
into the Treasury.
You have been diligently employed, si.i jo yon
meeting, in maturing laws for the erganizati?n r
the militia, and fm- the regulation of the right
and duties of freedmen; andi doubt not that yo
will perfect your legislation on these subjects be
fore your adjournment. Our policy toward th
freedman should be kind and humane. If hi
rights of person and property art? not fully am
effectually secured by our local legislation, we can
not huile" to be relieved from the presence of tin
Military and Provost Courts. Tin; authorities o
the United States will not remove their protecting
hand from the negro, whom they have manumit
ted. and in whose fr?edoui wc have acquiesced
until we provide by our laws to give him full pro
teetion in all his Civil rights. His labor is iv ees
sary for the successful prosecution of the agrien]
turc- of the State, and it will bc best commande!
by making him cheerful and contented.
I commend to your favorable consideration ap
iiropriationa for tim support of the Lunatic Asy
um. It isa noble charity, and thc energy am
self-sacrifice of the Superintendent for the las
nine months in maintaining, without any paoli
contributions to its support thc inmates, entitle
WM tu the proud distinction of a benefactor o
his race. It is high time that the burthen shouli
be taken from his shoulders and placed upon tin
The eiestitutc condition of district paupers, tin
dilapidation of public buildings, mid the negl?c
and destruction of roads end brid?es, requin
that ali the District Boards should be prompt!;
and efficiently reorganized, and the law? govern
ing them rigidly enforced. JAMES L DBB.
In the House, to-day, a bill to regulate thc meet
ings of the Court of Appeals was read for thc tirs
time. If I heard tho bill correctly, it provide
that there shall bo two sittings of the Court, om
?ril and one in November, but no case shal
nd from any District during the sitting o
in said District.
"GR.JHAM intro.h?ced aejolutioiis Jojgo inte
for ChancoUbrsMmmc*mate'ty aftcTfhc elec
lion of L-w Juelges. The House agreed to this
but as the resolution to elect Judges was not
agreed to in the Senate, tho whole matter fell t
Mr. MILLIGAN gavo notice of intention to in?
troduce a bill to increase the fees of constables ii:
Mr. ELLIOTT gave notico of intention to in?
troduce a bill to change tho pla?o of meeting ol
the Court for Beaufort District temporarily.
Mr. Ri'SSELL offered a resolution, which wat
agreed to, to thc effect that it bo referred to thc
Judiciary Committee to inquire into thc liability
of executors and guarelians, and also as to liabili?
ty for the purchase of slaves since 1860-said com
mh>.ee to report by bill or otherwise.
Mr. RrssELL said that ho doubted whether there
was any remedy, but still it was eiuo to tho people
that thu Legislature should express an opinion.
A bill to appoint Commissioners for the Town ot
Kirkwood was read a second time.
Mr. BAKKEB presented the memorial of the South
Carolina Railroad, which he asked to be referred
to the Committee of Ways and Means. This me?
morial prays that tho Company may, for the prin?
cipal and interest of thc debt nov due, issue now
five per cent, bonds, payallo in London; and that
thc State take a mortgage of the funds and prop?
erty of the Road, and pledge tho faith and Stands
of the State for their payment, as they are pledged
for the bonds dee in January, 18(J'3.
He also presented thc petition of the Palmetto
Savings Institution, praying act of incorporation
under another nt.me; which was referred to thc
Committee on Incorporations.
Mr. DI.'UYEA presented thc petition of the
Charleston Dreelging and Wharf Building Com?
pany for au act of incorporation; which was r
ferred to the same Committee.
Tin- n port of the Judiciary Committee against
admitting tin- hooks of planters and farmers in
evidente, was laid on the table, and the bill taken
up. when the Special Order was called for. Under
this cal!, the bill to regulate the collection e.f debts
was taken up for a second reading. After the
reading of this bill, on thc question of seneling it
to tho Senate, Mr. RlCHAHDsox, of Sumter, called
attention to the fact that the bill had been un?
favorably reported on. Mr. TALLEY then moved to
lay the bill on the table for the purpose of taking
up the bill to amend the Stay Law, which had
been favorably reported on by tho Committee ;
which was done. Thc bill was then amended, and
ordered to be printed and made the special order
A stay law, apart from being unconstitutional
the remedy certainly being a part of the contract
is subject to au objection which it would seem
would appeal to every debtor. It simply invites
thc fui? ;gn creditor to sue in the Courts of the
United States. If those Courts were closed, it
would he a matter of worse thar, eloubtful policy.
No restriction ever has operated other than to thc
injury of those whom it was intended to benefit.
.Justice to each has generally been fourni to be
mercy to both. The rights of thc creditor should
be as sacred as those of tho debtor; but with the
United States Court open, it seems weirsc than
useless to attempt to protect against your own
citizen what thereby certainly becomes the pro?
perty of a stranger. The State would, to-day, be
far less indebted il' her Courts had been open du
I ring the entire war. Thia is freely admitted
many of those who now desire a similar law. D':
i nor this fact prove that an expedient, not found
on wise general principles, is apt to be injuriou
If, however, a Stay Law of some kind must
had, tho bill under consideration presents xs fi
objections as any. It provides for taking jud
mont and payment of part of debt and interc
The Emigration Bill of Colonel WAOENEB W
then taken up and read for a second time. (
motion to strike ont the eighth section, Colon
WAGENER made a poWfnl argument in defence
the scheme, bringing out many facts known to b
few in this State. At the close of his remarks tl
bill was made- tho special order for Friday.
COL. WAGNER'S SPEECH.
Mr. Speaker: ."...*.
Great necessities demand great exertions, ar
great difficulties extraordinary rcschiiion. If thc)
ever was a period, sirlSC South Carolina has been
State, that demanded enlightened patriotism, i
domitable energy atad fearless liberality in bi
children, that poriodianow. Prostrated by a pn
traded and devastating war; plantations despond
cities in ruins; our Connor system of labor total
disorganised; bereft tflcn of our stock and far;
implements; nothing ?fems loft us but an abidit:
faith in an ever kind flrovidencs and our own ni
faltering d?termination to strive and do manful
under every duadvsoBge unto thc end, till one
more the "smiles of fortune and prosperity sha
illumine our land. But wc must go to work tn
deratandinajly. Thc root of ' -very human polity
the industrial class. JFr-m it the State dem?
nourishment and strength. Well organized an
fruitful labor is a nevsr-failLig source of weak]
and an orderly, frugal and industrious populate
is the solid corner-stone of capital and po we
Tlie prosperity of all communities rests or. tl:
labor which extorts treasures from the soil <
shapes them carefully afterwards. And its dcgrc
depends on the intelligence r.nd willingness of th
laboring class in doing ita work. Have vc tin
fruitful labor and that iudustrous population
Will the freedmen work steadily and with a brig!
look to thc future rWill he savo and lay by li
earnings, and pr?vido in time for the" waul
of his family, and of bis old agc and weakness
Will he strive, every day and every hom
like the white man, to make himself a hom
of comfort, and will he increa30 th
solid resources of tho State ? We may not clos
our eyes to the mournful fact, that our nnfortt
nate revolution has recul ted in the total anuihih
tion of our industrial system, and that the sprint
from which formerly streamed our great prospei
itv, has totally ceased to How. The negro, thu
was once our laborer, and as such a producei
has assumed other relations; he is for the women
mostly a consumer; he was onco a source of prot
pority, and he has now become a source o? irritu
tion,"dread and calamity. It is true, there are ye
hopes that the freedman, under a judicious syi
tem of municipal regulations, may become one
more useful and val?ame. I do not despair tba
eventually such may bo the case. But I am no
sanguine of our present success; and then, ca
we afford to wait for him, when eager poverty i
staring us in tho face? Should we not rathe
arouso our dormant energies at once, and udop
forthwith tho measures, which experience and th
example of other States point out to us, as tu
sure road to wealth, greatness and power ? I
seems obvious that our upper and middle dis
tricts will, in a few years, bo deprived altogethe
of the sparse colored laboring population wliici
the war bas yet left them. The freedman is pres
sing down to the coast. The Sea Islands and tide
regions will become his home; his aegira uniform
ly points that way. Who shall take his place
Shall our uplands remain idle for tho want e
?sufficient laborers? Do wo prefer to take th
chances of events, or will ve not rather ourselve
shape our destiny ? I may not pretend to greate
wisdom than others, but I canuot hesitate to wari
my fellow-citizens when I think I sec them on tb
brink of a precipice. Let us not flatter oursell e
that the days of slave-labor may ever more rc-turi
unto us. Not one of us all understand the freedmai
as he now is. Whoever attempts to work him a
formerly, and trusts to realizcprosperity from hi
services, will find, ere long, to bis bitter cost, tba
ho is mistaken; and the golden opportunity mil
perhaps, have passed awry, when a sure founds
tion of comfort and riches might hive been luid
P I pilli lt I* lS*| I Bill?' ' Ijjjiii be ri,, iot?'.',up..i
the strength of this unfortunate hope, will surol;
be sunk, and tho lands that aro now held unto si
tenaciously, will be taken to pay for the deplora
ble mistake. How much wiser will it bo, and hov
much safer, to sell a portion of the land as sooi
as possible, to take thc funds realized in that man
ncr for investment in a smaller hut safer ant
pleasanter business, and to build up, not onh
every individual prosperity , but the fortunes of thi
State at large !
If we examino the statistics of thc United States,
we will fiud that the extraordinary growth ane
prosperity of tho Northern and Western States if
owing, in a great measure, to Enropean immigra,
tion. Over five minions of Europeans have en?
tered the United States, during the last forty years,
to 1860. Add to thesei the children and descend?
ants tbat have been born to them during thal
term, and we can account for tho astonishing in?
crease of the population. In ono of the Western
8tates the European population is fifty-nine per
cent, of thc whole. If we examine further, we ahab"
find that it is not tho old and elecrepid who emi?
grate-nor tho very yotng, nor tho weak and sick?
ly; but mostly a people tn robust health, of useful
and energetic ago, with trill and courage to do,
and with habits to prosper. It is true, indeed,
that there are exceptions, but generally tho above
description will be comet. I am not prepare! to
prove tliis, by figures, ia reference to immigrants
generally, but I nave h?d opportunity to cobed,
from time to time, facts in regard to tho German
portion of them, of which I may make mention.
During the last month, 10,687 Germane arrived in
the city of New York, ard these were all well-to-do
people, with a few exceptions. It has been proved,
by official information ol the German Emigration
Commission of Berlin in? russia, that the German
emigrants, on au average, carry with them in each
about one hundred dollars each. In 1851. accord?
ing to the official returns of that Commission,
ll'j.OOO persons emigrated from the various States
of Germany, taking along with them seventeen
millions thalers in gold. In 1852, according to the
same returns, 113,000 ptrsons emigrated, with a
capita! of fifteen milhoi? tbalcrs in gold. Other
yearly returns give us ai approximate estimation,
and prove conclusively tbat thc immigrant does uoi
generally come with an ?nipty hand. Besides, they
generally come with a knowledge of a trade or some
useful husmeas, alreadr educated and prepared
for an active and industrious life;. Has any one
ever caculated how much it costs to support and
educate a person before lie becomes able to sus?
tain himself and be useful to thc ?State? Much "f
this large expense has been saved the American
communities for their immigrant population.
: Now, most of these area farming or mechanical
: people, with health and strength und industrious
I habits. May we not, then, admit that they ure a
, source of wealth and prosperity to any State that
is fortunate enough to furnish them a refuge and
a home? During the decade from 1850 to lot'O,
the eight great Western States of Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa
and Missouri, gained, iii the valuation of their
taxable property, the immense amount of nearly
three billions of dollars! Into these extensive
territories thc stream of European immigration
has steadily flowed, increasing their population
from 5,403,595 to 8,957,630 in ten years; and the
quantity of improved lauds from 26,680,361 acres
hi 1850," to 51,826,395 acres in 1860. Their cereal
products have increased from 309,950,295 bushels
Ul 1850, to 558,160,323 bushels in 18?U; their swine
from 8,536,182 in 1850, !o 11,039,352 in 1800; and
their cattle from 4,373,71:2 in 1850, to 7,204,810 in
I860. The effects of this influx of population in in?
creasing tho pecuniary wealth as well as the agri?
cultural products of the States hi question arc,
therefore, signally manifest.
There was a time in tho life of our State
when our favorite institution was held to be
endangered by tho auvent of the European
immigrant. But that institution is now and
forever gone, never to be revived; an 1 the very
ruins of it admonish us that it is high time
to lay another foundation, if we would enjoy the
blessings of peace and plenty as heretofore. ' And
even if it were not so. Ido" think that the late
war has demonstrated to every upright ami un?
biassed mind, that the immigrant of the South has
been as true to her almost ns lier native sons, and
may be balled in perfect confidence and trusty
faith, as a good neighbor, a worthy comrade and
honest Southern citizen. This, I believe, I have
I already proved on a firmer occasion and am ab
Ito provo again by public rewords. ? * ? *
iThe present most pressing necessity of the Sont
"is an industrious laboring population, and indeei
an accession of white ann to balance the prepoi
iterance of the colored. Virginia has already take
steps in this matter. Rer agente aro abroad an
her invitation? in print. North Carolina, Georgi*
Alabama, Mississippi, ?VC<? Floridn. all arc alive t
her example. A Northern friend of our sunny Lin
sends his greeting to tis in the following wordi
'The South is victorious ?io-dav, and innerpn
sent victory she secures such a lien on the futur
as she has never had before. With all her right
restored, nothing can retard her progress in a ca
reer of prosperity such as the world has neve
yet witnessed. Let her people invUe amonq the)
the right kind of imviigralion, to develop lier rc
sources;let them beware of Yankee propagandist!
and they will once more resume their position a
riders of the republic ! Heretofore the North ha
reaped nearly all the. advantages derivable fror
this yearly influx of laoor. It is now for thc Sont I
to say whether she wiU adhere to old custom
and thereby retard thc recuperation of all he
industrial interest?, or become a competitor tb
the skilled labor that is daily landing on ou
shores. .She has cities, towns, railroade. nilli
and foundries to rebuild, abundant mineral rc
sources to be developed, fields to be fenced am
tilled, millions of acres of unproductive land ti
be reclaimed and made productive, machinery t<
be constructed, commerce to i>& invigorated, "am
a thousand other things to be done before be
rehabhation can be made complete. She has beei
forcibly, wantonly, unjustly despoiled of the labo
upon which her former prosperity was based, bu
that cannot now bo remedied. She is at presen
powerless to right h:r wrongs; but the time is no
far distant when, by a wise. Judicious ase of tin
means now available, she will recover thc materia
status demolished by thc events of the last fou:
years. Her wealth was great while its basis re
maiued undisturbed. Slave labor w is that basis
and that system being uprooted hythe will am
power of the North, tho prosperity that grew fron
it has perished. It is now a necessity with her ti
establish another system. The moans to do titi:
are within her reach; it remains for her to sa'
whether or not they shall bo employed." Wi!
South Carolina do it: Shall we follow the examph
of the great, the noble mother of Presidents am
heroes, of Washington and Lee? Shall wc folios
the example of our Southern sister States? As ]
solemnly believe that WO OOM and must do it, for out
salvation and well-being, I pray to my God with HT
whole soul, that Ho will so bless, enlighten a nc
guide ns in our deliberations and counsels, tba'
we may choose what is really good for our sorely
stricken yet noble Palmetto laud. * * * '
If we find, then, that our colored population can
not, for the present, bo depended upon for the re
cuperatiou of the State; that our comfort, security
ami future prosperity make it desirable to have
industrious white immigrants come among us
that we have resources to develop, lands toculti
vate, homesteads to occupy; that wc want labor
ors, servants, farmers, mechanics, artisans, thc
grower of the vine, and thc man of capital am
enterprise, to build mills and factories-if wt
agree that we shall want all these, the quos tibi
will be asked : Hov; shall wo get them ? Will the]
come without invitation? Will they como without
knowing the advantages we can offer? Will the]
come without a fair prospect of prosperity? Ma]
we not answer all these questions, beat and truest
by asking ourselves how we would choose? Now
Mr. Speaker, I refer gentlemen to tho bill be?
fore us. Let it ht examined carefully. It is ar
answer to these questions, as fully as answer cai
be given. This bill is honestlv intended for thc
hem-tit of the State, and, at thc same time, ti
establish the prosperity of the immigrant. I wil.
not pretend to say that tho plan is perfect-foi
what work of man is? It may be susceptible ol
great improvement. There may be many minds
m this Assembly better able than mino to com?
prehend and shape this very important legislation,
But, to do so, it is necessary that an opportunitj
should be afforded al, to fully examine what has
been proposed. However, let us eeo. first, is thc
State at present able to carryout thc plan? The bil
will entail au expenso for the first year of about
?O.U?O dollars out of tho contingent fund, foi
which, according to my calculation, we may per?
haps obtain 2000 immigrants. It is true people
are sorely afraid cf taxes; but would theswefusc
to pay about four cents per head to carry\ut ar
imp ? tant and beiieficiui measure ? I think not.
But, said a gentleman in committee, thero are not
provisions enough in tho Stato to feed oui- own
people, much less the immigrant. I should bc
jurre u. U4uk '.Clune may bc, grcat^los?tu
tion in some parts of the State, but thore.certain?
ly will be a surplus, in other parts. However, il
that really be so, does not this very want prove,
more than anything I havo Baid or could say, thc
?treat necessity of a renewal of our working popu
ation? Do wo expect to behold a crop spriug
from tho earth spontaneously? Do we expect to
reap when we can't sew? Or do we expect that
thc population, which has failed to make a crop,
or to realize or to save it this year, will bo more
successful the next ? Tho immigrant w?l make
provisions for himself, or will purchase them
either for cash or for an equivalent in labor. We
should not entertain this objection. If our insti?
tution of slavory had been in existence now, would
any man have refused to purchase hands, if he
was in want of them sud could have obtained them
cheap, for foar of starvation ? Why should we re?
fuse, then a better, moro available and cheaper
labor for the samo reason, which, in truth, has no
real foundation? Besides, is ?hero any pros?
pect that wo will ever bo any better off
under our present system? But I am
not alarmed. It is tho duty of the State to
provide for all emorgoncies, and I am thoroughly
satisfied that our Stato will be fully competent to
do so. Whenover South Carolina is restored to
her position in the Union, and hor financial state?
ment fully and openly made, she will be able, with?
out ever taxing her citizens this year one dollar,
to borrow, without discount or loss, on her own
never-violated faith, any amount of money that
she may Deed, not only for her poor and unfortu?
nate citizens, but for all her projects of improve?
ments and public ontorprise. Mr. Speaker, this
State is not poor. She owes less than almost any
other Stato in the Union, and she is immensely
rich in her untainted fidelity, her bold and honest
uprightness, and her proud scorn of all and every
repudiation! Oh, noble Sou..h Carolina! pure and
unsullied in thy gnat distress! Let thy sons but
take heart and ao?ly breast the storm, and a
bright beam of glory and greatness will illumine
again thino own desolutcd fields! God bless thee
evermore! Yes, Mr. Speaker, what South Carolina
wants is not so much ;he means, but the will, the
strong and manly determination, the all-pervading
consciousness that the pasti-j irrevocably gone, ana
a new world opening before us. When thc pioneer
strikes his axe into the tirst tree in the western
wilderness, to lay the foundation for his log-cabin,
there seems to be endless labor and difficulty be?
fore him. But his courage does not fail. And as
the monarchs of the forest fall, the bright sun
smiles upon his path, and behold, in a few years,
his hume is surrounded with the blessings of
heaven, and comfort and plenty reward
his toil and determination. Thus let South
Carolina strike thc axo of progress into her old
prejudices; let her striko boldly and with a will for
a new existence. She has immense resources; let
her but will their development. Let her not hesi?
tate for a moment longer, for note is tho day, now
is thc hour ! The darkest minutes precede thc
Whoever truly loves the Slate, let him show it
now. Besides, in not every individual's prosperity
increased by the succoss of this measure ? There
are plenty "land-owners in this State of ten, even
twenty thousand acres. What do they want with
it all?" Why not sell a portion of it to the immi?
grant, let tum cultivate it, help to increase our
products and to pay our taxes ? Are 30,000 acres
of wilderness worth as much as 1000 acres in small
farms and high cultivation ? It is human settle?
ment that gives value to the soil. Double the
population, and we doublo the value of our lands
?na the resources of the State. Double our white
population, and wo have double strength and secu?
rity in every emergency.
Slr. Speaker: I will not tax tho patience of tho
House any longer. I have done. If I have erred
in any of "the premises, I have the consciousness,
nevertheless, that I truly meant it for the best of
all. I behove I can confidently point to my past
efforts as evidence that I sincerely love South
Carolina, and so I shall continue tu love her and
stand by her in weal and in woo, until I find my
last resting-place in her sacred bosom.
Tho House, on motion of Mr. HAKCKEL, \d
journed to meet on Friday.
The grave announcement that the Prince Imperial will
hereafter dine with his mother, and not in the nur?
sery, occupies s prominent place in the French Court
372 to 268
CORNER Kif 6 AND WENTf ORTH-STS.
HHAVING BEES A CITIZEN OF CHARLESTON,
Si C., for the last fourteen years, ana extensively
?gaged in the mercantile line, I now taite this oppor?
tunity of returning my thanks to the public for the
PATRONAGE WHICH THEY HAVE EXTENDED, with
topee mr a continuance of the sams.
LT THE WELL KNOWN STAND UNDER THE
KNOWN AS TUE OLD BAZAAR.
268, Corner of King and Wentworth-Sts.
IMPORTER AND JOBBER OP
FOREIGN, DOMESTIC AND FANCY
7HO HAS ON HAND AND IS NOW RECEIVING BY
EVERY STEAMER, AT THE ABOVE STAND,
A SPLENDID FALL STOCK,
CONSISTING OF ;
3LOVES, HANDKERCHIEFS, HATS,
OF E-VERY DESCRIPTION,
vud would invite Country and City Merchants to
jail and examine my Stock before purchasing else?
where, as I will sell them at the LOWEST
WHOLESALE AND RETALL PRICES.
November 22 Imo
!_CHEAP GOODS !
CLOTHING. HATS, SHOES,
No. 37a King-street.
MERCHANTS OF CHARLESTON AND DEALERS
GENERALLY-I would respectfully c*U your at
entioD to my Stock of the above named Goods,
CLOTHING, SHOES, HATS,
which arc adapted to all sections of the country, and
which I will ?ell AT THE LOWEST WHOLESALE AND
All are respectfully invited to call and examine my
Goods,'both at No. 372, TWO DOORS ABOVE GEORGE
STREET, and No. 268, CORNER OF KING AND WENT?
P. EP S TIN.
November 22- Imo*
K?TM?r? LIPR fl?t?E,
FOR THE PRESENT
AT FARMERS' AND EXCHANGE BANK,
INFORMS HIS FRIENDS AND THE PUBLIC THAT
he has returned from the North, and woald call the
attention of his customers to the following celebrated
Ales, Whiskies and Gin
JOHN TAYLOR & SONS'
ALBANY IMPERIAL CREAM ALE
Pale and Amber Ale
ALSO, THEIR CELEBRATED BRAND OP
ASTOR PALE XX
For Fami 'y and Medical use, in butts, casks, and half
casks, for Bottling and Shipping
MASSEY, COLLINS Sc CO.'S
(AND THE SOLE AGENT FOR CHARLESTON)
Which will always be supplied fresh. Also, the following
OLD NECTAR WHI8K.EY-1840
OLD RYE WHISKY-1846
HOLLAND GIN-fine quality.
All of wh.ch will be sold at small advance on former
prices. Call and see at the house of the
FARMERS' AND EXCHANGE BANK,
No. 85 Market-street,
HAT S TOBE,
\TTOULD CALL THE ATTENTION OF OLD AND
\V new friends to his fine Stock of
FROCK AND DRESS COATS
VESTS AND PANTALOONS
SHIRTS AND UNDER-SHIRTS
DRAWERS AND SOCKS
BOOTS AND SHOES
HATS AND CAPS
TRUNKS, CARPET BAGS
VALISES, ic, 4c.
All of which will bo sold at the SMALLEST POSSIBLE
PROFITS. Call and see. November 30
IpTffTYlJPJJUTTY UP !
N. M. GILBEETH,
No. 101 Market-street,
j HOUSE, SIGN, AND SHIP VRTIST,
EESPECTFDLLY SOLICITS ORDERS PROM HIS
old and new customers.
I GLAZING promptly attended to. PUTTY for sale.
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