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2 CHABLESTQff DAILWEVS....JAyUAEY 1, 1866._?_._|
MONDA l" MOSSING, JANUARY 1. 1S66.
The Conflict ot* Civil anti Military Author*
iiy ii: Alabama*
-Tros ErST*"ED'< oriNiox.
At ibo o-witing ot iii? regular term of the United St.-,tes I
District Court, it Mobile, on thc 11th-the return day of |
the writ of attachment against Major-General Woods, in
tho Dexter ease, for contempt nf Court-General Woods
was present. In reply to an inquiry from Judge Bus
teed, what be bad to say in explanation of his disobedi?
ence to the orders of thc Court, General Woods handed
; in a written answer, reasserting that his action had beon
guided by a strict compliance with thc orders of his mil
- itary superiors; and declaring that there has been no in
; tentiou upon his part to treat with disrespect the author?
ity or process of the Court. After inspection of the or
?ders under which the General is acting, and which he
submitted to tho Court, Judge Busteed delivered his
opinion. Ia this, ha said the answer of Gen. Woods was
satisfactory, and he complimented tho General for hav?
ing combined a strict compliance of his duties with
s respectful disclaimer of any contempt to the civil
courts^ of thc land. The Judge then continued:
But while acquitting Gen. Woods, I can not, even by
- implication, consent to what I consider an encroach
: ment of the Executive Department of the Government
. apon one of its co-ordinato branches. It is worse than
; nselesB for the Courts to attempt the exercise of their
functions if * e President not only allows but directs
disobedience .o their authority and process.
In the language of a learned juris-consult "thc citizen
Eves under the protection and ls subject to the require?
ments of a written fundamental law. No department
of the National nor any State Government can lawfully
act otherwise than according to the powers conferred or
restrictions imposed by that instrument. If the citizen
believes himself to be aggrieved by some action of either
Government which he supposes to be in violation of tho
Constitution, and his complaint admit of judicial inves?
tigation, he must be beard on that question, and it must j
be adjudicated, or there can be no administration of the
laws worthy of the name of justice."
Here thc Judge prjctfcdcd to explain why he opened
: hie Court and attempted to enforce its decrees. These
reasons wore tlie assurances given by Gov. PAESOSS,
after an interview with the Presiden!, that thc Courts
should beholden and ucl interfered with by military
. power. Af:er relating the whole course of proceedings
. in the DEXTEE case, the Judge thus concluded:
This summary brings ns lo thc answer of Gen. Woods to j
thc writ of attachment read and filed this morning. From
this answer, and thc papers annexed to it, and the pro?
ceedings hen in, four things are now made distinctly I
apparent. First, it appears that the original arrest and I
imprisonment of the petitioner was by virtue of a direct
order of the President himself, without thc intervention
oi the chief or any o Gleer in any of the Executive De?
partments. The telegram under which the arrest was
nude is signed "Andrew Johnson," President of the
United S totes. Secondly, it appears that the continu?
ance of the petitioner's imprisonment, although pro
nounced to bc- onlawful by the Conns, is by express per?
sonal instructions from the President. His telegram to |
Gen. Thomas, in reply, I presume, to ono sent him
touching this case, is also signed "Andrew Johnson,
President of tlie United Sutes." Thirdly, it appears
that General Woods should not be held to answer crimin?
ally in this caso for refusing obedience to the writ of J
Jiatiai corpus. Fourthly, it appears that the imprison?
ment of Dexter is not for any of the causes in respect of |
which, and ? that he is not himself ouc of tho persons i
against whom the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus
has ever been suspended. If he is guilty, as alleged,
his offence is malversation in a purely civil oflice, ami it |
will hardly bc contended that the public safety now re?
quires thc trial of an offence against the Treasury, to be
by a military tribuna]. Courts-martial are the necessary
but mere adjuncts ol' :t war establishment. Civil judica- j
tories are the appropriate and chosen tribunds cstab- j
Bshed by law, not more for tho punishment of the guilty
than the protection of the innocent.
It is under the circumstances, thun briefly recapitu?
lated, that this unseemly conflict between the military I
and the civil authorities has been provoked. I claim
exemption from any responsibility for it. And as in
our land no public mon and uo official station is, or j
ought to bo, beyond thc public watchfulness, and cs
with us all place and power are held in trust for tho peo?
ple, I deem it due alike to them and to myself to mako
thc foregoing statements of faci. And, upon behalf of
the Judicial office, I respectfully protest against thc act [
of the President, and assert that t c trial of th; peti?
tioner, Dexter, cannot lawfully proceed in any other
than the way established and according to the forms
prescribed in the Constitution of the United States-a
scrupulous rcverenco for and obedleucc to which is at
once the knightliestand most patriotic servico that either
citizen or government can render to the country.
The Cotton Supply. i
app-ass EKOM THE MANCHESTER COTTON scrr-LT Assoi
i io cotton-growers ha3 beciira
?ned by tho Cotton Supply Association of Manchester,
At the close of tho American war a general expecta?
tion prevailed that largo quant, ties of cotton would at
once oe obtained from the Southern States, which, to?
gether with the tall in prico that then took place, waa
calculated to check production in other countries. These
anticipated supplies have not been rece ved, and, as re?
gards the future, it appears certain that for yo-rs to
come, owing to .nc altered condition of tho United
States, the aboUtiou of slavery and the adoption of Iree
labor, there will be less cotton grown there than former?
ly, and much less than will be required. Tho increased
consumption in America must diminish the exports
from that country, whilst still larger demands than at
present may bc expected both in England and on thc
continent. It is manifest, therefore, that all the cotton
which can be growu tn every direction will bc readily
taken, and that prices highly remunerative to tho culti?
vators may be expected. Deeply impressed with this
conviction, the Cotton Supply Association deems tho
pr?tent a fitting opportunity to appeal specially to those
countries which had come forward iu the absence of tho
American supply, and to recommend them to put forth
renewed and more earnest cil'orts, both to increase the
production of cotton ar.d to improvo its quality.
The wealth already obtained from tho growth of cot?
ton, tho high prices now ruling, and which, if conside?
rably reduced, would be amply remunerative, the
probability of diminished supplies from the .Southern
States of America, the certainty that they have now lost
forever any special advantage which might bo derived
from slavery, and that henceforth they will be moro
upon an equality with the rest of thc world, afford to
a? who desire to compete with them thc strongest in?
ducements to continued and persevering exertions. The
only condition upon which any country can become a
satisfactory ano"permanent source of supply must bo
the production of cotton which shall as nearly as possi?
ble equal that of American growth. This degree of ex?
cellence con be obtained gradually by Improved methods
j of agriculture; by the selection of choice seed for sow?
ing: by special attention to the plant: by the careful
picking of thc crop when fully matured; byavoidiugall
admixture Of good ami bad qualities, and by care In
cleaning and prepariugtb ?cotton for market. These
and like means will give additional value to the produce,
and bring ^ farther reward the cultivator.
Prc-emlneutly and anne all, tue Cotton Supply Asso?
ciation earnestly recommends the tue of New urleous
seed, which, wui nev? :. thc climate aud soil are favorable,
will not only product au Improved quality but a larg r
quantity pi r aero. This Biol tba association will nuder,
take to provide for ali ").'.> de-ire to uso lt, and will sup.
ply it at cott price. Let none bo discouraged l>y occa?
sional tlulure, by unpropitious seasons, by liuetatiug
markets; or by any other .cause. These hindrances
have, buen i ncouuten 1 by thc Southern States of Ameri?
ca, sud in -pited all, they succeededlu building ap a
colossal . niton trade, which has now been thrown open
to the rest of th? world. Let others do likewise, and
. the result will IN as - itlsfactory and advantageous.
Progress lu Turkey.
Ibo -V..<... ital ?ut ??"?'??? m . r publishes an extract from a
letter received in ti.is country relative to recent im?
provements of ? commercial character in the interior of
Hie Turkish empire:
On the 5th of November last Ute Macadamized road
which bas beeu in construction for two years between
Gh. mlek ou thc sea ol Marmora and the city ol Brusa,
iu Asia, was formally opened for travel. Bru sa is about
nine hour? travel from Constantinople, five of which are
by steamers to Ghrmlc!:. lu the winter soasen tliis im?
portant city, v. hui: coutalua a population of seventy
thousand-Mitssulmen, Greek, American, Jews and
Franks, for want of a good road to the seaport, bas been
almost entirely cut on from communication with Un?
cap: tal. It ia the seat of au extensive trade In law silk,
as well ns manufactured sill; and woolen goods, carpets,
velvets, sau'rou, turpentine, wool, wine, tc, and pos?
sesses au extensive trade with thc chiet towns of North?
ern Asia. The new road will secure an easy and more
economical means of transportation ol' its rich ami
varied products, and will bo serviceable at all seasons of
A few weeks since a railroad was completed from
Smyrna to thc city of Magnesia (Manisa in Turkish),
about forty miles iu length. This is a nourishing etty
of thirty-five thousand inhabitants, about one-fourth of
whom ure Greeks and Armenians, aud has largely en?
gaged in the manufacture of cotton aud silk stuffs and
goat'S-hoir shawls, and is ou the great road between
Smyrna and the most productive regions of Asia Minor.
It is also ore ot thc mest ancient cities of ti.is uart ol
lurker, and was a large and opulent city to the latest
period ol the Human empire, lt is intended to carry
the read to Cassaba aud Ala (.'heir, two important seats
of trade further in the inter;..;.
The railroad which has been in operation for more
than a year from Smyrna to Ephesus, a distance of fifty
miles, will te finished to Aidcu, some thirty miles fur?
ther, in thc coming spring. Hitherto the wool, silk,
carpets, tobacco, Ac, navo been transported at Bach
heavy rates from thc interior by the old route from Alden
to Smyrna, as to greatly enhance their cost prices-the
freight of a ton of tobacco costing about a dollar be?
tween these two points. The completion of this road
to Alden, and of that to Magnesia, will be tile source of
additional prosperity and commerce to thc thriving city
An active competition exist- between Bussia and
j Turkey te secure thc transit trade from Russia to Turkey
and Europe. Thc Russian Government, taking advan?
tage of thc utter absence of serviceable roads between
Trebisond.'and the Persian frontier, has recently com?
menced, with its usual vigor, the construction of a
paved road from Poti. on the Black Sea, by way of
lauris, Tiilis, ftc, to the Persian frontier, and has built
i a port at Poti. A portion of this road is already in usc,
and has diverted Stich a large amount of trade from the
old route between Treblsond and Erzcroum and Persia,
as to oblige thc Turkish Government to enter upon the
construction of a permanent and well-built road from
Trebisond to the Persian conflues, about thtrty-flve days
distant by tho existing route, and which is next to im?
passable in srinter. .A cori's of competent cnginccrsand
a large working force arc engaged upon this road, the
completion of which, some five years hence, wiU be of
immense importance to both Turkey and Tersia.
ON NEW TORE AND LIVERPOOL BOUGHT AND
SOLD AT CURRENT RATES, by
GEO. W. WILLIAMS & CO.,
December 25 12 Merchants and Bankers.
ON NEW TOBE, IN SUMS TO SUPT PURCHAS?
ERS. For sale by
W. G. WHTLDEN k CO.,
Corner King and Beaufain streets.
December 5 ratha
GOLD AND SILVER COIN.
EXCHANGE ON THE NORTH
SOUTHERN BANK BILLS
Bought and sold by
W. G. WHTLDEN k CO.,
Corner King and Beaufain streets.
December 5 ratha
THE HIGHEST PRICE
SEL YEE and
P. H. KEGLER'S EXCHANGE OFFICE,
CORNER OF KLNG AND HA?EL-STREETS.
October 25 mwf
NewYerk,Philadelpfcia & Boston.
For6aloby P. TI. KEGLER, Banker,
Corner of King aud Huscl-strects.
Also collections made on all thc cities in tho United
States, Canada, Nassau, fcc, kc. November 15
Fire Insurance Company
NEW ORLEANS, LA.
WE ARE PREPARED TO TAKE MARINE, FIRE,
and River risks on favorable terms.
HENRY COBIA k CO., Agents.
December f> wfmlmo
BALTIC FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF
9 NEW YORK.
COMMONWEALTH FIRE INSURANCE
COMPANY OF NEW YORK.
NORTH AMERICA LIFE INSURANCE COM?
PANY OF NEW YORE"..
RISKS AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE, ON DWELLINGS,
STORES, STOCKS OF GOODS, COTTON TN STORE
OR IN LAND TRANSPORTATION, taatn at low rates.
LIFE, ANNUITY OR ENDOWMENT POLICIES IS?
SUED for a whole life, or for a term of years.
T. G HANGE Sisioxs.
J. DHATTON Foan.
SIMONS k FORD, Agents,
Decomber 14 . Imo * No. 90 Hasel streot.
A L TOBIAS'
No. 109 EAST BAY,
Next South Courier Office.
Tbe Citizen's Fire Iusurauce Company,
OF NEW YORK,
CAPITAL AND SURPLUS, $840,000.
Har ni? ? ?y Fire & Marine Ins. Company,
OF NEW YORK,
CAPITAL AND SURPLUS. $450,000.
Lorillard Fire Insurance Company,
OF NEW YORK,
CAPITAL AND SURPLUS, $1,312,000.
HAVING SECURED THE AGENCY OF THE ABOVE
OLD ESTABLISHED COMPANIES. I solicit a
sharo of tho business of the public, and will bo glad to
seo my friends at tho Office formerly occupied by the
Carolina Iusuranco Company.
From the high reputation of thc above Companies for
RELLVBILITY, AND PROMPT AND L1BEUAL SET?
TLEMENTS, I feel assure i that perfect satisfaction trill
bo given to customers.
RISKS TAKEN AT AS LOW RATES as in other good
Offices, and LOSSES PROMPTLY ADJUSTED AND
PAID. A. L. TOBIAS. Agent,
November 23 . 3niu No. 1U!> East Pay.
Iii Good Condition, at 75c,
IN SHALL AND LARGE BLADDERS.
CHEAP CIGAR STOKE,
December 30 :?
DEIGEEN & BAKER
BEG LEAVE RESPECTFULLY TO CALL THE
attention of the public to tho fact that they nave
just received, from the North, several A No. 1 CAR?
RIAGES, made to order, for their special use, by one of
tho best Mannfactories iu this country.
These Carriages eau be hired ul thc regnlar raies, on
application at tho Mills House Stables, in Cbaluicrs
stroet, either to parties desiring to engage them by tho
hour, or to convey passengers to thc different depot*,
.steamers, ships, kc They can also he engaged for Fu?
nerals. Apply either at the STABLES or at the MILL;!
HOUSE. December 2?
T. II. Trout.tllivd Amsliury.
TROUT ?Sc A1VCS13XTK,Y3
General Commission Merchants.
AND DEALERS IN
LIME, CEMENT. PLASTER PARIS, LATHS, HUR
and Shingles, Lumber and Timber. Day and Grain.
Northwest corner of
November 20 Cnio East Bay and Markct-strcset
NO. 147 MEETING-ST.,
THE SOUTHERN EXPRESS COMPANY IS NOW
prepared to forward, by INLAND ROUTES, ON
PASSENGER AND MATT. TRAINS
GOLD AND SILVER COIN, .
CTJEEE N*C "x,
PARCELS & FREIGlir,
BOSTON LYNCHBURG J
NEW YORK DANVILLE ?
PETERSBURG NEWBERN M
HALEIGH MOREHEAD CITY '
GOLDSBOEO' CHEEAW fl
COLUMBIA ATLANTA 9
MEMPHIS LO?#JLLE f
ST. LOUIS MACON f
AND ALL STATIONS 0\ THE
VIRGINIA AND TENNESSEE RAILROAD I
CENTRAL RAILROAD "? I
RICHMOND AND DANVILLE RAILROAD J
SOUTH SLUE RAILROAD tk
PETERSBURG RAILROAD J
NORTH CAROLINA CENTRAL RALLBOAD
RALEIGH AND GASTON RAILROAD ^
WT^-^GTON AND WELDON RAILROAD^ ?M
ATLANTIO AND NORTH? CAROLINA RAILROAD
WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD
WILMINGTON, CHARLOTTE AND RUTHER?
WILMINGTON AND MANCHESTER RAILROAD
CHERAW AND DARLINGTON RAILROAD
CHARLESTON AND SAVANNAH RAILROAD
MEMPHIS AND CHARLESTON RAILROAD
LOUISVILLE AND NASHVILLE RAILROAD
NASHVILLE AND CHATTANOOGA RAILROAD
EAST TENNESSEE AND VIRGINIA RAILROAD
EAST TENNESSEE AND GEORGIA RAILROAD
WESTERN AND ATLANTIC RAILROAD
MOBILE AND OHIO RAILROAD
CHARLOTTE AND SOUTH CAROLINA RAIL?
SOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD
SAVANNAH, ALBANY AND GULF RAILROAD
MACON AND WESTERN RAILROAD
ATLANTA AND WEST POINT RAILROAD
WEST rOINT AND MONTGOMERY RAILROAD
j SOUTHERN RAILROAD
i MISSISSIPPI AND CENTRAL RAILROAD
NEW ORLEANS, JACKSON AND GREAT NORTH?
MISSISSIPPI AND TENNESSEE RAILROAD
! ALABAMA AND MISSISSIPPI RAILROAD
j FLORIDA CENTRAL RAILROAD
i FLORIDA AND GULF RAILROAD
i PENSACOLA AND GEORGIA RAILROAD.
Ali Goa ?s shipped by ADAMS5
or HABNDEN'S EXPBESS GOM
I PA?IES, and marked to the care
WMM EXPRESS CO.,
; will be promptly forwarded to
FREIGHTS shipped by Steamships lo
our care, will be forwarded inland to
I destination, WITHOUT CHARGE FOR
COMMISSION, STORAGE, OR DRATAGE.
If orders arc left at our Office,
Packages and Freigut will be called for
by our wagons, ?ii any part of thc City,
and #<> forward by first Express.
H. B. PLANT, President,
"CROCKERY AT REDUCED PRICES."
QA CRATES ASSORTED CROCKERY, ALL GRAN.
OKJ ITE WARE, landing and to arrive, consisting of
DINNER. TEA AND TOILET SETS, Ewers ami Radius,
Cups anti Saucers, Covered Dishes, Plates, Dowls, and
all articles usually lound bl a well selected Stock ol
Crockcre. Wc oiler the above a*, reduced prices l'or a
lew d ivs, in lots to suit purchasers. Orders Dy mall
promptly attended to, by O'MAHA .t PRESTON,
No. su Qucc?-st., bctwc?u Kins md Meeting sta.
December 5 tutluj
MES. J. T. SNEAD
?'S PREPARED TO MAKE LADIES', MISSES' AND
I CHILDREN'S DEESSES, BASQUES, &C, at the old
and, No. 271 KING-STREET.
To teach Mad. Briggs' celebrated art of CUTTING BY
MEASUREMENT. It is superior to any other rule, ffiv?
inga BROAD CHEST AND LONG SHOULDER. Ladies
can take a lesson and test its merits, by Utting a lining.
Patterns of all kinds cut to lit the form.
Hours for teaching from 3 to 3 o'clock P. M.
A few patterns of the finest HUSH POPLINS, all
grades, for salo._niwf_December 18
-f^TTE ARE NOW OPENING AN ASSORTMENT OF
I To which we invite attention, consisting in part of:
ELEGANT BLACK SILK BASQUES
Superior Black Cloth Sacones and Basques
Black Thibet Long and Square Shawls
Elegant Broche Square Shawls- reversable
AB Wool Plaid Square Shawls
Wide B/ack Silk Velvet
Check and Plaid Lindstes (for chUdren's clothes).
J". K. BTIAT) ?Ss CO.
December 28 thsrn3
EEAL FRENCH EMBROIDERED HANDKERCHIEFS
Fino Embroidered Sets-Collars and Cuffs
Breakfast Sets-plain and embroidered
Linon Pets in every variety
Black Drop Buttons, Epaulettes
Mantilla Sets, Buglo Trimmings
Jct and Black Silk Buttons
Black Cord for trimming
Mohair and Worsted Braids
Lace Ruining, Crapo Trimmings
Laeo Cellars-real and imitation lace.
O". "R. l-l ELA. T3 Ss CO.,
I* NO. 2(10 KING-STREET,
December 5R thstu3 Opposite Uasel-strcct.
'No. 85 jVTar-ket-street,
?HOE, & HAT STORE,
?frr^ULD CALL THE ATTENTION OF OLD AND j
W ?new friends to his fine Stock of
FROCK AND DRESS COATS
?\TSTS AND PANTALOONS
SHIRTS AND UNDERSHIRTS
DRAWERS AND SOCKS
HATS AND CAPS.
TRUNK8, CARPET BAGS, VALISES, Arc.
All of which wUl bc sold at tho SMALLEST POSSIBLE
PROFITS. Call and see. 0_December 27
FOR THE PRESENT AT TUE
& EXMGL ^,
cXNFORMS HIS FRIENDS AND THE TUBIJC THAT
Pd. lie has r ewfrned from tho North, Aid calls tho atten?
tion of his customers to tho following celebrated brands
ALES, WHISKIES AND GIN:
JOHN TAYLOR ?fe SONS
ALBANY IMPERIAL CREAM ALE,
Pale and Amber Ale,
THEIR CELEBRATED BRAND
ASTOR PALE XX,
FOR FAMILY AND MEDICAL USE, IN BUTTS,
:asks and half casks, for bottling and shipping.
MASSEY, COLLINS & CO.'S
(AND THE SOLE AGENT FOR CHARLESTON,)
.YHICH WILL ALWAYS BE SUPPLIED FRESH.
ALSO, THE FOLLOWING
;JLD NECTAR WHISKEY, ISM
! OLD RTE WHISKEY, 184 !
OLD DO?RROX X, XX, XXX
HOLLAND GLN, FINE QUALITY.
.'.r.f, OF WHICH WILL BE SOLD AT A SMALL AD
YANCE an former prices. Cillnml?.it the HOUSE
OFTHEFAUMEUS" AND EXCHANGE DANK, EAST
BAY. i; December 27
T 7 "> T Q "TLX
Fer sale at reas. mal.le rates, by
December U nrwlB Ni. ina Market-street
REPACKING COTTON, &C.
- 500 Lbs. in 20 Cubic Feet.
IFKRGTUSOlINr fe BARKER,
froprktors and Agents,
December 20 wlm,; oiliue No. i Brown's Wharf.
(Late Foreman tor Edgerton ft Richards)
No. 53 BROAD-STREET,
CHARLESTON, s. c.
ON U VNDRKNCU XSD LNOLISII GOODS ALWAYS
:--j.- -__ _ November Jj
SlS?f s?Vs ?t'VKXTli WANTED TU
E?techLflDi2&nd Perfil! SEWING MACHINE,
AND FOR SALE AT
ISTo. 37 Hayne-street,
IS QUANTITIES TO SEIT PURCHA5ERS
- Bales LONDON DUFFIES
- Bales Brown Grey Mackinaw
- Eales White Cnion Mackinaw.
Theso BLANKETS were manufactured to order in
18G1, for the sales of the late firm of Robert Adger & Co.,
and aro of superior quality.
Apply as above, to MCBURNEY k CO.
DRY AND FANCY GOODS.
BLANKETS, WHITE AND GREY
Nubias, Hoods, Comforts
Prints, American and English
Brown and Magenta
Mohair Goodp, Alpacas
De Begee, Flannels
White and colored Rob Roys
Fancy and colored Long Cloth
Canton Flannel, Bird Eye Diaper
Crash, Huckaback and colored Towelings
Gloves, Socks, Handkerchiefs
Cravats, Ties, Scarfs
Shirts, Linen and Merino
. . Traveling Shirts
Collars, Linen and Poper
. Cuffs, Ribbons, Ruches
Velvet Ribbons, Flowers, Plomes
Buckles, Belts, Ribbons, Waterfalls
Lace Nets, Combs, Hair Pins
Buttons, Trimmings, &c.
FINE ASSORTMENT LADIES' AND GENTS' HATS,
of the latest styles.
In store and for sale by
C. L. GTJILLEATJME,
No. 143 Meeting-street,
December G_(Opposite Hayne-street.)
WE ARE NOW RECEIVING A LARGE AND AT
TRACTIVE STOCK OF
STAPLE AND FANCY DEY GOODS
Which wc aro offering at REDUCED PRICES, consistin
in uart of :
PRLNTS " I ALPACAS
DcLalucs Men's aud Ladles' Merin
French Morinoes ? Vests
Longcloth Kentucky [Jeans
Blankets Stella and Wool Shawls
Irish Linens Cloaks
Whito Gooda Linen Huckaback Towel?
Linen Damask Table Cloths.
Together with a general assortment of
SMALL WARE GOODS :
LETTER and FOOLSCAP PAPER
ENVELOPES, SOAPS, PERFUMERY, etc.
We invite tho Inspection of our STOCK.
W. T. B?RGE & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS,
November 23 NO. 2 HAYNE-STREET,
NO. 159 MEETING-STREET '
lM'ORTERS AXD JOBBERS.
CLOTHS AND CASSIMERES
BLANKETS AND FLANNELS
CLOAKS AND SHAWLS
DELAINES AND PRINTS;
PLAIN AND PLAID LINSE VS
ENGLISH DRESS GOODS
BROWN & BLEACHED SHIRTINGS
SATINETS AND KERSEYS
TICKS AND STRIPES.
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF
Sonta^s and Nubias.
A COMPLETE STOCK OF
TO WHICH WE INVITE THE ATTENTION j
OF THE TRADE.
Sos, 24 flAYKE A*??> 35 .'fNCKNEY STS.. j
CHARLESTON, ;i. C.
LEATHER AND SHOE FINDINGS
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
December 'JJ VI
D. F. FLEMING & CO~
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
BOOTS. SHOES, TRUNKS, ML,
No. 2 Hnyne street,
?onier Church street, Charleston. S. C., j
HAVINO RESUMED BUSINESS AT THEIR OLD 1
STAND, No. -2 II AYN E STREET, corner of
'burch street, arc now receiving a well-assorted I
tock of BOOTS, SHOES, TRUNKS, kc, which will bc 1
old at tho lowest market price. The pstronagu of for- i
ncr friends and the public ls respectfully solicited.
>. V. ri.KMlN?....SAMf?L -\. SEUOX...MXES jr. WILSON.
December is tnthsSmos
AGRICULTURAL WAREHOUSE ,
A T THE OLD STAND, No. 207 KINO-STREET- ' I
t\. NEW NUMBER. ??U-viz:
PLOWS, HARROWS, CULTIVATORS, Horse Hoes, I
toad Scrapers, Corn Shelters, Straw Cutters, Corn and -
Toffee Mills, Spades and Shovels, Hay and Manure Forks,
takes, Hor s, Meat Cutters and Stutters, Bark Mills, and
Youd, Willow and Stone Ware. Also, a fresh supply of "
iandrcth's GARDEN SEEDS, as usual, and 20 bushels J
Inion Sets, for planting. For sate by c. RING.
November 14 tUtlisSmos Late D. Landre th fi Co.
THE SUBSCRIBER HAS RESUMED BUSINESS AT
his old 6tand,
Nos. 35 and 40 Wentworth-st.,
And will soon be prepared to fiU orders for aB kinds 01
VEHICLES AND HARNESS.
Having engaged first-class warnen, he will bo able,
in a few days, to either build to jrder or repair VEHI?
CLES, in the best manner.
At prese ut he has an office at the store of Messrs. Har? ?
rah Nichols ii Co., No. 67 Hasel, near King-streel <*
S. W. GALE.
December 29 Info*
Corliss Engines I
THE UNDERSIGNED HA VINO BEEN APPOINTED
Sole Agents for this State for the famous
CORLISS FUEL SAYING ENGINES,
Manufactured by Messrs, J. MORTON POOLE b CO,,
of Wilmington, Delaware, are now prepared to receive
orders for the above Engines.
Boilers. Stationary Engines,
OF EVERY CLASS AND SIZE.
MACHINERY FOt GANO AND CIRCULAR SAW
MILLS, of most approved patents; MILL GEARING,
SHAFTING, HANGERS, COUPIINGS, PULLEY8 and
CASTINGS of every description; and would invite the
attention of aU in want of FINE MACHINERY to tho
above, which can be furnished at moderate rates and
CHISOL3I BROTHERS, :
December ll tbstu3mo NO. 70 EAST BAY.
SUPERPHOSPHATE OF LIME,
SIXTY-FIVE DOLLARS PER TON;
ORDERS FOR THIS STANDARD FERTILIZER ARE
requested to be sent in early, so that it may be
procured lu sufficient quantities in time for planting;
Sold by B. S. RHETT & SON,
Sole Agents for South Caroline
December 23 thsiulmo
DRY PLASTER & ALUM
DAMP PROOF SAFE.
MERCHANTS, MANUFACTURERS, CAPITALISTS,
and aU others having valuables to preserve, will
:onsult their own interests by the selection of a reliable
security, In place of one of doubtful character. To ena.
ble them to decide understandingly, we wouiil suggest
the examination of a few facts we have ' t present
The points required in the fire-proof nilling of a Safe,
may be enumerated as follows : ,
1st It must be a slow conductor of heat
2d. It must hold a largo quantity of water to var arise
when attackuil hy Uro. J -- - 5 .
3d. It nfb.se be unchangeable until a more than ordi
cr.ry degree of heat ls applied. In this consists one of
the chief merits of using alum.
4th. It must bo of such consistency that lt will neith*
er escape through small leaks, nor crack into fragments
when exposed to violent heat cr to severe concussions
5th. It should not oxidize or rust the iron frame, as
all wet mixtures, such as plaster mixed with water, are
so well known to do.
Ctb. It should not communicate dampness to the in?
terior chamber, and thereby mould books, impair parch
ment and other valuables.
7th. Its value in aU the above conditions should not
be impaired by age and reasonable usage.
lu every Safe that ia thoroughly fire-proof, there must
be something to generate steam.
Heretofore we havo used Plaster of Parla, mixed with
water, for this purpose.
The objections to using water in the filling of Safes
It renders thc Safe very damp, thereby often ruining
napers by loosening seals, &c.
It soon corrodes tho iron of the Safe, and rusts holes
through, which *he ?1 liing oozes out.
By thc evapoi. v< ;n of the water the Safe soon becomes
These objections we have entirely obviated in our
ireseut Safe, as our filling is aa dry as gunpowder, and
ivheu the fire takes place, the steam is generated by tho
melting of tho alum.
WE WOULD CALL SPECIAL ATTENTION TO
VIARl IN'S PATENT EMERY IRON
Marvin's Patent Conibiuatiou Lock.
THIS IRON IS MADE BY SPREADING EMERY BE?
TWEEN plates of heavy Boiler Irou, and then rollins
them, thus forming one solid plate with Emery firmly
imbedded in the centre.
As Emery is thc HARDEST substance known, uc::t to
thc Diamond, it is perfectly impossible to :lr:ll a piste of
lion of tiiia character.
TL. c Burglar-Proof Safe? arc secured with Marvin's
Sew Combination Lock, which, for its simplicity and
eas.; ot operation, is unequalled by any Lock ever
Wu would refer to Marv:::'; Banker's Circular for
moro full description of their Emery Iron and Combi,
Their experience of nearly twenty-five yean iu tho
manufacturo of Safes and Locks, enables them tu euin
bine all tho :;'">.t qualities Safes which bave been
linnie during thal time, without the defects of any. Wo
know that they are not equalled by any other Sate manu?
factured, and only ask au examination of them, when
we will prove it to thu satisfaction of any one.
Within a few years past. Cant Iron Safes, called
CHILLED IRON, have been made, and represented as
being IMPENETRABLE, lt would well repay those
who are interested to examine the merits Of these
For further particulars, circulars, testimonials, kc,
call at the Manufacturer's Age-tit?,
WM. M. BIRD & CO.,
PAINTS, OIL AND GLASS DEPOT,
December 20 _No. 233 East Bay.
IS NOW IN TRESS AND WILL BE ISSUED ABOUT,
the first week in December. It will contain the
Ll amended by the late Convention, and all Officers who
?lave been elected or appointed at thc time of publica?
tion, together with those Officers who are permanently
?tablhuted by tho United States for the purpose of Col?
lecting Custom House duties and the Internal Revenue.
Besides the usual astronomie:!', calculations, ibero will
je alSO a variety of other useful matter.
This Almanac, the i'.ith year ot' publication, presents a
inc medium for advertising at reasonable rates. Those
irishing to advertise, or to be supplied with Almanacs
iu quantities, will please address
HIRAM HARRIS Publisher.
November IC thstu_No. S9 Broad-street
rllE SUBSCRIBERS ARE PREPARED TO FURNISH
GRANITE STORE FRONTS, cf all styles and lin
sh, from i?oo upwards.
IRON FRONTS, patterns cf which will soon bc at
?and. TROUT k AMSBURY,
N. W. corner Eist Bay and Market streets.
ROUND, SQUARE AND FLAT.
For sale by J. M. EASON,
No. 0 Exchange-street,
NoTerabor 9 Rear cf old Postofflce.