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title: 'The Charleston daily news. (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-1873, May 26, 1866, Image 1',
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VOLUME 11....N0. aia.i
CHARLESTON, S. O., SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 26, 1866.
?tPRIOE FIVE CENTS.
Fire u-t New York.
NEW YOBK, May 25.-The Hadaon River Railway
Freight Depot has been destroyed by ure. Loee
ft quarter million.
?Ben. Fremont bay? a Railroad.
Nsw YOBK, May 25.-Qou. FBKHONT has pur
chased the Western Pacific Railroad of the State
of Missouri, for one million threo hundrod thou
sand dollars; terniB ot payment aro one-fourth
cash, the balance in f>ur equal annual payments.
The road is to be finished to Springfield in two
years and a half, and to (he State line in three
years. It ?B designe?], ultimately, to form a link
In tho Oroat Southern Faoifio Railroad.
Tlia Democrat? of Oblo Bndom tbe
OOLUKBTTB (Oiuo), May 26.-Tho Domooratic
State Convention, in soasion here, have endorsed
Froaidont JOHNSON'S restoration policy, and nom
inated BKNJ. La_TDB-. aa Socretary of State, and
the Hon. THOMAS M. Ksi for the Supreme Court
Connecticut lia Favor or the Adra tunion, of
HABTFOUD (CONN.), May 25.-The State Senate
has passed a resolution in favor of tho immediate
admisBion of the Tonnesaee Boproaont-tivoa to
Celebration * of tbe ftacrn'o Birthday in
TOUONTO, May 25.-The birthday of the Queen
WAS celebrated here with great enthusiasm, and
With a grand military displsy.
Senator Wrlgbt, of New Jersey, Stnaolc
NKWABK, N. ?f., May 25.-Senator WBIOHT has
been etrioken with paralysie, bnt he is botter, and
in the frill posses-on of Ina faculties.
WASHIKOTON, May 25.-The interest in the re
oonatruotion moasarea ia manifestly diminishing,
hardly a dozen Senator* present, and a small
The Bill equalizing Bounties has passed. The
Senate a?journod at an early hour. The Republi
cana aro endeavoring to reconoilo conflicting opin
ions on the Reconstruction amendment. The
House has passed the Bill excluding from West
Point those who served ia the Confederate army.
Redaction of tbe tiarrcary.
WASHINGTON, May 25.-Some of the Eaatorn
Banks will Boon be called upon to reduce the
amount of enrrenoy now held by them, in order to
extend banking facilities to other States, where
.these facilities ore sadly needed.
Tbe Caso of I?font. Col. Panldla_,
WASHINGTON, May 25.-The Military Commission
engaged in a preliminary, examination into the
conduct of Lient. Col. PADLDINO, after a full and
thorough hearing of all the facts, are of opinion
that he ought to be tried by a military court for
diaobedience of orders, in placing Government
funda in the Mord?ante' National Bank; and have
accordingly sent the finding to the Seoretary of
New Voi- Market?.
NEW YOBE, May 25.-COTTON firm. GOLD ha?
been to forty-one and a half (41 "?), and has fallen
io forty (40). STEBLINO quiet at 9'. TEXAS
WOOL, 22" @30.
Nsw YORK, May 25 -A 'arge amount of five
twenties were bought to-day for ehipment to Eu
rope. The Government sold 2000 baloe of Cotton
at auction; Strict Middling Florida bringing 42J
?gents per lb. Largo amount of Cotton burned at
COTTON firm. Sales 5000 bales. Middling Up
lands 41?_-_. Orleans 43011.
FLODB opened aotivo but closed heavy. Sales
14,500 barrels. State $7 40@9 96. Ohio $9 50?
l-l. Western $7 40@>9 70. Sonthern closed droop
ing, at $7 G0@1G 75.
WHEAT opened at an advance of 1 to 2 cents;
closed duli, buyers refusing yesterday's rates.
Sales of (-,600 bushels. New No. 1 Milwaukee
4219 to $2 20; $2 12 for old No. 2.
OOBH opened at an advance of 1 to 1 couts, but
closed heavy. Sales of 52,000 buahols of new
mixed at 89 to 90 oeute; onaound 82 to 85 cents. '
FO&K dull. Lard firm. Whiskey steady at 12 20,
Sugar firm. Coffee quiet. Molasses firm. Spirit?
of Turpentine dull at 93_ to 95. Petroleum firm
at 27_. Freight? quiet.
GOLD 189}. .*.
OOUBT or A_p_-o.-Tho Phoenix, of yesterday,
flays in the Court of Appeals, Thursday, on the
?all of the dooket, causes wore disposed of as fol
? lews : : jj \
Strnok off-John Thompson ads. J. T. lagon; O.
B. Haselden ads. ?J. O. Crawford; John Flowers
ads. the State: Ex parte W. H. Crawford; W. G.
HoKnight vs. J. A. Gordon; Chadee, St. _maud ?
Croft VA. Ann Jackson; Jesse-Butler vs. Stophon
Smith; A. W. Thom?-on, Exoontor, vs. D. Gonde
lt-k; John Foster vf. J. N. MoElwee; F.H. Maaaey
et al. ads. W. J. i ureton; O. Scorratt ads. the
State; Charles H. Lambert ade. Zaok Howell;
Samuel L. Strait ade. John Pogue ; Wylie J. Davis
ve. John Brice; A. P. Wylie vs. N. B. Holly; Samuel
Summer and wife vs. A. J. Dill ard; Moses Lindsey
el al. vs. O. P. H an ?lifer; DoGraffonreid vs. DeGar
. fenreid; A. P. Wylie vs. Eli Cornwall el aL: In re,
' -J. J. Kin alor vs. the City Council of Columbia; W. S.
Pearson and wife vs.-Little; G ila trap and wife
vs. Anna Hawthorne, James Parks, Exooutor, ade.
Samuel Barksdale, Exooutor.
Abandoned.-L. Z. Williamson ads. Jano E.
Continue?. John B. Tarront ads. M. A. Sulli
van, assignee; John Johnson and wife vs. Abram
Gilbert; lilakenoy et al. vs. S. O. and U. D. Oaks
Wvndham and wife ve. S. E. Hart; King A Wal
1 ' laoe ve- Boni ?.mia Cloments; Abel Gandy v*
Cheraw and Darlington Railroad; Josiah Byrd
?ads. E. Byrd, administrator; Blair A Oairnes ve
Boss, administrator; Beatty A MoOorkle vs. Sam
no1 Blair; M. J. Jackson v?. J. M. Jonnlngs: Dr
James Bivings arts. J. and T. S. Farrow;"Keith ?
?Norton, oxeoutors, vs. J. W. Earle,
v ? Andrew Wherry, administrator, vs. Martha Mo
Gammon. Brief read by Mr. Melton, and cost
submitted. No reply.
D. O. Hoddy el al. vs. Blain MoElwee. Brie
read by Mr. Meltou, and case submitted, Mr
El-abo th Douglass vs. J. T. McAfee et al. Brie
road by Mr. William.,, and case ?ubmlttod. Mr
Thoms? 0. Biohardaon, executor, ". Elisabetl
P. Manning. Hon. James Simon? for appallan!
Mr. J. 8. G. Biohardaon, contra.
. ?, e a ? ? i
SPABBOWB Vsubtio OAVBBifiLiaABs.-k larg, noa
bor of Boarrows _.?*? about to be sent from Vionri
to Melbourne. Awttadia, for propagation, to de
i V ?troy thooat^rpiUi?rB,wliiohW__dt gre at ravago
in .that country,
.VI Gi.-j | *.- .
Tile Conredcrmte Liena.
MESJBEB. EDITOBS : Your corroBpondont, "Phllo
Pcedon," has a heart boating at the right plaoo
both for tho Hying and for tho doad, but fears if
sympathy Hows oat too freely for the latter it -?Till
exhaust itself before it reaches tho former. Ho
would not dishonor tho grave, but thinks if choice
must be made wo ought to feed tho living boforo
we givo decent sepulchre to tho dead. The gone
ral rule is probably oorroot, but thero aro excep
tions, if, indeod, the two offices are not simultane
ous. TheBO graves are down-trodden and over
grown, and if neglected longer will become so
effaced as novor again to be idontiflod. Many of
the dead oame from distant parts of the State and
of the country, ao that it is impossible for family
or friends to perform the humane duty which tho
Association has undertaken for them. If a record
of namos and of graves is not sooured whilo thoBO
who interred the dead still remain near (bo spot,
it Is likely that families will never reoover tho
bodies or over learn the placo of their interment.
"Philo-Pcodon" docs not object to this, but only
to the time of doing it, and intimates that the
pinohing suffering of the poor should prompt a
poatp ?nomont. The poor wo have always with us,
and a thousand sympathies prompt the living to
aid the living; but the dead oan do no office for
themselves, so that an enlarged liberality should
take in both. The Bon of God permitted MAUT to
pour on his head costly spikonard, whioh might
have boon ?old and a handsome home Beoured for
his widowed mother, but she did it for hie burial,
under his approval. Indeed, "Philo-Podon" is
proof that sympathy created for the dead will
flow towards the living, by humanely suggesting
that the tears over the gravea of the Confederate
dead should be direoted into channels of benevo
lence for widows and orphans. One good mot
will etimulato another. If this pious honor be
deferred until asylums aro erected for orphans or
associations formed to shelter widows, it is feared
that overy trace of the graves will be obliterated.
But the Association proposes to stand in the stoad
of the bereaved, to save them from an outlay of
means whioh love urges them to make, and thuB
to accomplish the two-fold purpose of "Philo
Podon," by decorating the graves of those dear
to widows and orphans, at the same time, by this
office, reserving their scanty income. At most,
the expense of this pioua undertaking is very
small, requiring more attention than means, so
that the noble promptings of your correspondent
can be easily carried out without detracting from
tho honor of those whom we love to honor.
Tribute to the dead is benevolence to the living,
? a ?
OHABLSSTOK, 8. C, May 2?th, 186G.
Editor Charleston Daily News :
Tour issue of 21et hist, contains Special Corres
pondence of New York Herald, and is brought to
my notion. Will you obligo me by publishing the
herewith copy of communication forwarded this
day to New York Herald.
JAMES 0. BEECHER,
Brevt. Brig. Gen. U. S. V.
Editor New York Herald :
Tour Charleston correspondence, under date of
the 18th inst., reports as follows :
" In January laet General BEKCHEB found but
two acres listed out for planting on the whole of
EdiBto Island," Ao., &o.
Tour corresponde??? unwittingly omits the some
what important words " in any one patch"-also,
confounds Edisto with John's and Wadamalaw Isl
In this connection it may not bo out of place to
offer a few suggesstions concerning the earlier or
ganization of the Bureau under civilian agents,
and its present military form. Tho former waa
made discreditable by the character of its subordi
nate, agents, who seem to have been, with a fow
honorable exceptions, good mon without judg
ment, or Bhrewd men without principio.
The military organization has seemod to work
damago rather through failure to establish any
definite plan for a permanent arrangement of the
rotations between tho freed people and whites,
and through joalous interference with military
endeavor to organize on a praoti?al basis. Charges
of malpractices by subordinate agenta have com
paratively little to do with the main issue.
They may all be true, or may be exaggerat
ed. ?- present, the question is simply this:
Can the two systems work together as separate
Jit is very evidont they cannot. Thoy oan be
dis together; but if one works, it disturbs the
other; if both work, they clash.
AB an organizing foroe for pei_a"nt arrange
mont of affairs, the Bureau has accomplished little
or nothing. General Order No. 1, January, 1806,
from Maj.-Gen. SICKLES, did the business; and the
execution of this order by military subordinates
settled th? labor question for the year, 'and pro
bably for coming years, in the State.
It is very true the Bureau has ita "OB and ren
ders some valuable sorvices, but these are counter
balanced by the seeming establishment of sepa
rate sources of redress for whites and freed people,
and an increase of the chances of collision and
bitterness. **-*. . .
Doos it not, then, oommond itself as a re.ason
able proposition, to sooure the benefit of both
organizations, by combining them under one head
and hand? either to add to a Commissioner of
tho Bureau military command of his department,
, or endow the military commander with such addi
, tional powers and duties as now rost upon a Com
missioner? Thus we shall reduce from two
systema to one, and be prepared to. dispense
with that one at no very lato day, or to havo tho
? necessity for it cease to oxist. It must como to
? this, sooner or later, and the sooner the bettor.
As a porsonal matter, I regret exceedingly to
L even seem to be in antagonism with an institution
' whoso objeot and aim is tho wolfare of the treed
" people. But I know this objeot can not be attain
I od except by establishing them upon a basis o
aotive industry and mutual good will betweei
j themselves and their white neighbors. I believ?
the chief workers in the Bureau to be honi?" ant
r ein coro, but for six months have watch od- tho fail
* ure to do what muet bo doue.
f Honoo, in no party spirit, but simply as one wh<
'. for ft year has worked steadily for the objeot fo.
u whioh the Bureau is instituted, I cannot do other
?" wise than boar testimony accordingly.
' f- " Bespeotfully yours,' _ .
- ," / ... JAMES 0. BEECHER,
?T ' Y ft i i Brevet Brigadier-Oensral U. 8, V.
?J ?a ?** .- - -I. III- _
a WHAT T_I BOOTH IS S?"_*ma FEOM.-Minroi
Msentfttlon ftnd non-repreaonUtlon,
x . ? 'f
V -,'*? ;*.
LETTER FROM NEW YORK.
[mon oun OWN oonn-sspoHDXHT.]
NEW Tons, May 22-Ero this lottor roaches you
your readers will have been placed in possession
of telographio accounts of the great conflagra
tion, in whioh the world-ronowned opera house- .
the Now Tork Academy of Music-has been total
ly dostroyed. Neither, howover, from said ac
counts, from any description that can bo furnish
od by my feeble pon, nor from any other, however
potently graphic, can thoro bo convoyed an ade
quate idea of the grand and awe-inspiring sub
limity of the scene of this terrible conflagration.
At twolvo o'clook last night, in the witching
hour of night, when ohurch-yards yawn and
gravea (aro eupposed to) give up their dead (but
do not), the stillness was brokon by tho cry of
fire, and swift as lightning, or tho thoughts of
love, went forth the ever-increasing cry that the
Acadomy of Musio had been attaoked by tho fiery
element. Tho rumor sproad almost instanta
neously throughout the entire oity, and anon
thousands of oager and exoited podostrians wore
speedily wonding their way toward the aoeno of
On arriving at the spot, or rather at a reapeot
ably safe distance therofrom, the spectacle
that burst upon the view was tranBoendently
sublime and terribly grand. Thoro stands
the magnificent building, in which night after
night, for many years past, the beauty ?ud fashion
of this groat oity wore wont to congregate, now
wrapped in volumes of dense smoke, now lit up
with a lurid glare by the blinding sheets of flame
that burst forth from every quarter, and shed
upon an immense space around a resplendent
light, that mooked the brilliancy of old Sol himself,
and changed tho night into day, spite of his ab
sence. See wheroythe gallant firemen stand at
their posts of duty and danger, manfully but
vainly battling against the terrible foe; note how
the "steamers" shake and tremble and quiver
like things of life, and hear the hissing Bounds
that mark the deadly strife between the streams
of water and the oi-"k_ig flames.
But if the scene was grand before, what is it
now, when, with a thundering crash, the immense
roof falls in, and anon a broad and unbroken
sheet of solid flame shoots upward in superlative
and majostio magnifioenoe a brilliant mountain of
blazing fire. The battle is over-the grand illu
mination proolaims that the fiery God has come
forth triumphant, and that the New Tork Academy
of Musio is henceforth a thing of tho past.
The unsatisfied flames, however, have not yet
finished their work; urged on by the increasing
wind, they next attaok and consume the Medical
Institute, then the piano factory of THUS & SON,
and several buildings on Third Avenue, near Four
The wardrobe destroyed in the Academy (the
property of the stockholders) is valned at about
$100,000, besides that belonging to GBAU'S compa
ny, worth 125,000, and also no inconsiderable por
tion of the wardrobe belonging to MAnrrzEK. It
is stated that several dromon have perished in tho
The destruction of the Aoademy of Musio will
be but a temporary loss to New Tork city. This
opera house, magnificent as it was, will no doubt
soon be replaced by another, which, in point of
grandeur, will be even "more potent than the
first." For a short timo, however, the people of
New Tork will not be able to gratify their taste
for oporatio porformaoceB, except by going occa
sionally over to Brooklyn.
The Committee on Applications in the Board of
Exciae are growing enthusiastically buoyant in
spirits and excruciatingly facetions in their ex
aminations, dealing largely in bad puns and funny
remarks, that are not funny at all. The public
cannot porcoivo the precise point where the
laugh comes io, either in the law itself or in the
administration thereof. The Germans in particu
lar, who are thirsting for their glasses of Sabbath
lager, refuse to laugh at all until they are first
allowed to take their Sunday smile. SUAESPEABX
says a man may emile, and emile, and smile again,
and be a villain. Our German friends contend
that one may emile as often as he pleases-on
lager-and not be either a villain or a drunkard.
The great financial panic in^England will no
doubt soon produce telling and visible effects here.
Moneyed men are like human ten-pins-knock one
down and he, in falling, knocks down another, and
so on; when the middle pine are upset, there is gen
erally a greater destruction. The failure of OVER
END, GURNEY _ Co., in London, for about twelve
millions of pounds sterling, I regard as the fall of
an important middle pin.
The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
?Animals held ft meeting last evening. The proal
I dent took pleasure in informing the members thal
the soolety had alroady succeeded in putting a
stop to the cruel practice of crowding sheep and
calves together in wagons in such manner as muBl
be exceedingly uncomfortable, not to say unpleas
ant, to said calves and sheep. Henceforth thoj
aro to be transported in a better style. A. T
STBWABT and ADODBT BELMONT are members o;
the sooiety. Ladies belong to it, and aro allowee
to vote. A vc humane resolution was passed
urging the propriety of employing three horsei
instead of two on some of the city railroad cars
The animals of tho oity should call a grand meet
ing, and return a beastly vote of thanks.
The theatres are all doing well, considering thi
soason. The bona fide npper-tendom are prepar
ing to start for the watering-places, and so an
tho Bhoddyites. Whilst New Torkers are preparing
to go away, Southerners are boginnlng to pour in
and so the great city is ever crowded and gay.
a a- ?
[COMM U NI O' ATE D. ]
EDITOB DAILY NEWS: It was my fortuno to attoni
t yesterday the promenade ontertainment given a
i tho sohool-room of the Church of the Holy Com
? munion by ft committee of ladios, in aid of th
Association formed for the erection of a mono
t ment in commemoration of the Confederate dead
) The hall waa elegantly deoorated with wreath
1 and flowers, and presented a very Ano appearan?
- graced, aa it was, by beautiful and obarmin,
ladies. I regret to aay that the assemblage wa
> not very large, but all present enjoyed ft ver
r pleasant oven!og. It is to be hoped that tb
. ladies will be oncouragod in their laudable ente
prise. L. D., ex-Co nf odor ate Officer.
Oh ai lo o t on, Kay 20.1860.
? a. ? "
l The London Quarterly Review statas that ti
quantity of wax now required for one year's coi
sumption in England, in sealing patont? for lovel
" t'.oaa alone, Is upward* of b tpn and two hundrc
.* ) -'?> ,"? ? r\ >'?<,. ,H M -.
? ? ?
'- . . . . is ".-?
rta* '? .?.?;.;. . - . .
ti**! ?JJ i;,iA
Great Nee tin g In Philadelphia In Support
or the President'* Folley.
A largo meeting was held in Philadelphia on
last Saturday evening, under tho auspiooB of the
Johnson Club of that city, at which Senators Doo
LiTTLE, COWAN and NOBTON delivorod spoechos.
Tho following are the resolutions which wore
adopted for tho guidance of tho Club :
1. Resloved, That wo aro now, na horetoforo, ar
dently attached to the Union of tho Statos undor
tho Constitution of the United States; that we deny
the right of any Stato to seoede, and hold that
all attempts at secession are null and void; that all
the Statos aro now States of the Union, as bofore
the rebellion; and we deny the power of the Gon
eral Government, untl cr the Constitution, to ex
cludo a Stato from the Union or to govorn it as a
2. Resolved, That our confidence in tho ability,
intogrity, patriotism, and statesmanship of Presi
dent Johnson is undiminished. and we cordjally
approve tho general policy of nie Administration.
3. Resolved, That we endorse the resolution of
Congress of July, 18Gi, declaring the object of
the war on our part to be tho defence and main
tenance of the supremacy of the Constitution and
the preservation of the Union with the dignity,
equality, and right? of tho soveral States unim
4. Resolved, That, in the language of the Chica
go platform of 1860, and as quoted by the late
President Lincoln iu his first inaugural address,
"The maintenance inviolate of the rights of the
States, and especially of tho right of each State to
order and control its own domostio institutions
according to its own judgment exclusively, subject
only to the Constitution of the United States, ia
essential to the balance of power on which the
perfection and endurance of our political fabric
5. Resolved, That under the Constitution of the
United States is reserved to the several States tho
right to presoribe tbe qualification of elootora
therein: and that it would be subversivo of the
principles of our Government for Congress to
forco universal suffirage upon any portion of the
country in apposition to the known wishes of the
6. Resolved, '-That this Union must be and re
main one and inseparable forever;" that the war
for its preservation having been brought to a
triumphant olose, and the supremacy of the Con
stitution vindicated, the rights of the States under
the Constitution are to remain inviolate, and
that loyal citizens within the States and distriots
lately overrun by rebellion aro entitled to all the
rights guaranteed to them by the Constitution.
7. Resolved, That all the States of the Union are
entitled by the Constitution of the United States
to representation in the counoils of tho nation,
and that all loyal members duly elected and re
turned, having the requisite qualifications as pre
scribed bylaw, should be admitted to their seats
in Congress, without unnecessary delay, by the
respective Houses, each House being the judge of
the eleotion returns and qualifications of its o?vn
8. Resolved, That treason is a orimo whioh
should bo punished, and we are opposed to com
promising with traitors by bartering "universal
amnoaty' for "universal eutTrago."
9. Resolved, That the payment of the national
debt ia a sacred obligation, nover to be repu
pudiated, and that no debt or obligation incurred
in any manner whatever in aid of treason or re
bellion should ever be assumed or paid.
10. Resolved, That we cordially endorse the res
toration policy of President Johnson as wise, pa
triotic, constitutional, and in harmony with the
loyal sentiment and purpose of the people in the
suppression of the rebellion, with the platform
upon whioh ho waa elected, with the declared
polioy of the late President Lincoln, the action of
Congress, and the pledges given during the war.
11. Resolved, That the nation owes a lasting
debt of g ra ti ando to the soldiers and aailora of the
late war, for the suppression of tho rebellion,
and the families of the fallen heroes who died
that the country might live are tho wards of the
people, and should be cared for by the .Govern
12. Resolved, That the national Uniou men of
the olty, who are in favor of the principios herein
enunciated, and who are willing to give them the
benefit of their practical support, and thus aid io
the restoration of our country to permanent
peaoe and happiness, are hereby requosted to 'orni
ward associations throughout the city for the pur
pose of giving vitality and energy to the comblnod
action of the people in this regard, and report
sai'l organisation to this club.
THE* PRKKDMICN'S BUIIUAV.
Order from General Howard.
The following, from the Commissioner of the
Freedmen'o Bureau, oxplains itself. Thore is one
or two ideas in it, however, whioh will strike the
publio as quite amusing. The ciroular was written
no doubt in order to counteract, as much as pos
sible, the truthful ?nd independent reporta of the
Government Agents, Generals STEEDSTAN and
FULLERTON, who are now making a tour through
the Southern States; and in this connection
we think it may not be uninteresting to add some
extracts from General STEEP*-_'e report from
North Carolina, so that our readers may "look
upon this pioture and then upon that."
GENERAL BOWABD'B OBDER.
BUBEATJ REFUGEES, FBEEDMEN AND AB'O LANDS
WASHD-TON, May 21,1866.
Ciroular No. 4.
In order to answer numerous inquiries from offi
cers, agents and others, and, if possible, prevent
misunderstandings with regard to the change of
organization in this Bureau, this ciroular io is
1. The Commissioner recommended, some time
since, that the functions of military oommandsr
of a State and assistant commissioner be exorcised
by tho same officer. Wherever practicable, this
is being effeoted-as in "Virginia and Mississippi.
It is not done in condemnation of the assistant'
commissioners, who have labored hard and suc
cessfully, bnt to seoure more prompt and effective
administration than can otherwise be done.
2. The Commiseioner calla the attention of all
officers officially to the reports in circulation as to
aots of severity and cruelty toward the froedmen
on their own part, as to oarelessnocs hi renooring
their monthly accounts, and other offences. Every
officer or agent already aoeuacd shall have tho op
portunity of a thorough vindication before a court
martial. But tho occasions for suoh trials are to
be deprecated, and they must be forestalled by a
thorough system of inspection and a prompt re
moval of every unfaithful officer.
9. Special attention is again called to tho diffi
cult duty of caring for tho indigent. Whero in
tense anxioty prevails to get ria of the Bureau,
surely State and county officers will make some
arrangement to relive the General Government of
this heavy expense. If toe county offlcors or
overseers of tho poor will adopt tho proper mt??-.
urea, the industrial and Government farms which
are now so moch complained of oan be disponsed
with. """* _??: _i j
In order to meet an emergency, when the whole
system of labor was deranged, the Commissioner
urged the forming of joint companies, the encour
agement of the immigration of those accustomed to
free labor, so oslo afford promptly as many exam
ples as possible of the successful employment of ne
groes under a free system. Apparently in keeping
with these regulations, a few officers have invested
their own- mean?, jointly with citizens, in the plant
ing interest. I know of no late, or regulation of
the army, or of this bureau, against this, yet it
will almost inevitably lead to oorruption, as it has
already to bitter accusation. Hereafter, such in
vestmentt, toithin their own jurisdiction, by officer?
on duty in this bureau, are strictly prohibited,
O. O. HOWARD,
BTTP-OTB 1-**_ 0*D___ ST__>_AN's HEPOBT.
* . * * , . . * *
ona WAT OP iHncoiHQ im>D3Tax.
Major Charlea L Wiokorjham, sub-agent of th?
Buroftu, -**hoBo headquarter? aro at Wili_in_ton
'..:. . .... , . . .
...v..?- ... ?. . ?.
.'.*...?. . i- ..? - -
Jj " -j , : . :
. . -'?i i i?jAo? oti ; .
a also interested in the cultivation of a rice
-Imitation within his sub-distriot, and he is to re
vive one-fourth of the crops from the Bama for
.ompolling tho freodmon omplovod on said planta
ion to work faithfully. He oxplained the manner
? whioh ho compelled freodmen to comply with
heir contracts, by stating that ho put them to
TO rk with ball and chain on tho streets of Wil
EVILS OF THE STSTEaf.
Without attempting to discuss the propriety nf
ifficora of the Bureau in the military service o'
he United States, who aro paid by tho Govorn
nont for tho performance of their duties, ongsg
ng in private business, and employing freodmon
or such purposes while controlling through thoir
itncial positions that cluan of labor, we deem it
>ur duty to state some of the effects produced,
>oth upon the officers themselves and upon the
?lautere with whom they come in competition, by
inch conduot. Major Wiokersham, in contracting
o furnish forty laborers to work arico plantation,
)0oomes at once interested against tho laborers,
rhom ho compels to labor, perhaps unjustly, when
mfairly dealt with by the person working them on
ho plantation; and on their refusing to work, no
nflicts upon them unlawful, and, fbr a broach of
.outract, unheard of punishments, putting them
m ohain gangs as if they were convicted orimi
lals. Colonel Whittleaey, or any other officer of
osB rank and influence in the Bureau, who are
sngaged in working plantations rested for cash or
>n shares, beoomoB interested in securing a low
rate of wages and in making tbe most stringent
iabolf regulations, to the groat r1 o trim ont of the
rreedmen. Thoy thereby give the sanction of the
Grovernment to the establishment of wages far be
low what the labor is really worth. Officers of the
Quartermaster's and Commissary Departments
irho are thus eugaged are aubieoted to the temp
tation of appropriating to their own use quarter
master's stores and rations to supply and pay
their own laborers. Complaints have been made
to me by the planters that these agents of the Bu
reau use the power of their position to obtain and
oontrol the best labor in the State. There is no
doubt that some of the ill-fooling manifested to
ward the Bureau on the part of the planters is at
tributable to this fact.
? ? * * a a a a
SELLING PIlEEDMEN'fl CLOTHES.
We ascertained by the testimony of Messrs.
Barham <k Ballard, auctioneers at Goldaboro', that
they had sold at auction for Chaplain Glavis forty
blankets marked "U. S." anda quantity of clothing
that had been sent to Goldaboro' for gratuitous
distribution to the needy bv a Froedmen'a Aid So
ciety at or in the vicinity of Roches tor, N. ?. We
learned also that be Ead disposed of a large
amount of snob clothing at private sale. The
chaplain stated himself that ho bad received from
such sales two hundred and sixty dollars ($260).
though subsequently ha asserted that the total
cash receipts of his office from all sources
amounted to one hundred and twenty-six dollars
and fifty cents ($126.60). He kept no books or
oven memoranda of moneys received and ex
**.* ? ? ? ?
Captain Rosekranz, Sub-Agent of the Bureau
at Newborn, under Captain Seeley, and Commis
sary of Subsistence, aa will be seen by reference
to the paper hereto attached, is also engaged in
cultivating a large plantation near Little Wash
ington, N. O, with the labor of freedmen, whom
ho supplies with rations ?a a part of their wages.
The World's Opinion of Htfitetter's
Touohlng the Bitters tula grand fact ? dear,
Th-4r fame fl_ aU the Wostarn He-laphet-?,
Known In all landa, washed by ita oceans twain,
Health, hope, and rigor foUow in their train.
HOSTETTEB'B BIT. Eflfl abare the common fate
?Of all things good-ImpeBtors imitate.
Of those beware-discreetly nae your eyes
From honest houses purohaao your supplies
In order to guard against dangerous Impositions, the
public are requested to take "pedal not? of the beauti
ful engraved proprietary atamp, through whi? h the Gov
ernment of the United statoa officially aut?entloatea
every bottlo of HOBTBTTKR'S BITTEB8. This shield
thrown by toe Gove mm on t over the proprietors and the
public for their] oin. protection, la placed conspicuously
across the cork and over the nock of etch bottle, and
can not fall to strike the oye of the moat ?casual observer.
Nothing that purports to be Hoatetter's Bitters can be
genuine unless the atamp a there.
It la also proper to ?tate that the Bitters aro sold ex
clusively In glass, ana never uader any circumstances
by the gallon or the barro). Impostera and Imitators
are abroad, and tho only aafeguard th? public has against
them la io ara that the HW tors thoy buy boar the engrav
ed label and note of Messrs. Hostetter k Smith, and the
stamp ahovo mentioned. 6 Hay 21
?in experienced Nurse and Female Physician,
Presents to the attention of Mothers her
FOB CHILDREN TEETHING,
Whian greatly fadlltat" the osoeea? of "sthlng, by
tottenlng the gums, re&wdng all Inflammations, w_
allay AU? PAIN and apasmodlc aotloa. anal Is ,
SURE IO REQULATE THE BOWELS.
Depend upon It, mo_nrs. It wai give rest to yourselves,
Relief and Health to Toar Infant?.
We have put np and ?old this article for over thirty
years, and can say m confldenoo aad truth of la what an
have never been able to say of ?.*> other modldno
NEVEIl HAS IT FAIIaBD LN A BIWGLE INSTANCE TO
EFFECT A CUBE, whan timoly nsed. NOTO?: did w a
know of an ?nstanos of di?satlsfaotlon by any ona wat)
used It. On the contrary, all are d_ght*ad with Ita ope
rations, and apeak m terms of "n_t__t?an of Us
magic- effects and medlo?! virtue?. We speak In t_?
matter "what we do know," Biter thirty years' expe
rience, and PLEDGE OUB9ELVES FOB THE FtJT.FIX,
_BNT OF WHAT W13 HEBE BEOLAB- In almos?
evory lnatanoe where the Infant la Buffering from pall
and exhaustion, relief wUl be found In fifteen or twenty
minutes after ?he syrup is administered.
Full directions for using will accompany each bottle.
N-ino genuine unless the foo limite of OOBTIS k FEB.
KINS, New "rk, la on tho outside wrapper.
?.?old by all drnggists throughout tho world.
Price only 85 Cents per O otu?.
Tot aale by *'
KING _ OASSIDEY,
Febr_rv_ amo Oharlcaton
CHIEF QnATtTERMASTEB'fJ OFFIOB, )
DBPABTMSUIT or SO"B - ?YHOL-HA, ? ,
OBUUBLBSTOV,3. , May i si IB&5.
TWO HDNDBEDAND FIFTY DOLL4HS WILL BB
PAID by he undsraigcadto any person who will de
liver to him the OEF10IAL BKOOBDS OF IMTEB*
MENTS OF THE UNION?** BISONERS AT FLOBENOE,
B. O. W. THOMAS, '
Kay Brsv. TaUnt-Ool. and Chief Q. M.
BW NOT IOS. -THREE MONTHS AFTER
este appllofttton win be mads to the Palmetto Saving*
Bank for ronewul of Dopoal. Book No. 1201. Atoe, to
the Balief Loan Association for OertlflCAt-j Na M3, _tad
July oth, ?M8, for five shsuros- tn_oorlgln*_bcilng taken
by Goa. n-u_uirs ?ray, se Oheraw, 8. O.
. JULIUS BODM_J_X.
, March 36 _ii?ap?toy*M?
' - . ?.
? " . . .'
(J ? ,. -., ; ... . v .
ta- THE REV. JAMES H.~C^T_BEBT OP
lugnata, will preach In the Citadel Square Church To
torroxo Morning at 10? o'clock. Md at _, ut _t ^
sar OBPHAN HOUSE OHAPELZTHE REV
OHN KORKEST, D.D., of the First Preabyteria
Ihurch, wlU porform Divine Scrvloi in (his ?hapel Ttt-r
lorrow Afternoon, 27th inetaut. at half.p,"t 4 o'clock,
tn the first Sabbath in Juno, and until further notice*
jUowlng. religious service? in tho Chapel will com?
lonco at 6 1'. M. 1
AT RELIGIOUS NOTICE.-BEUVICE8 IN
tie new African M. E. Ohnrch, Bov. H. CAIN, Paator To
forrow, May 27tb, at half-past 10, A. M., by'night Bet*
?ANIEL, A. PAYNE; half-past 3, P. M., by Rev JAMES
'. BI88ON; hatf-pait 7, P. M.. by Bev. QEOBQE W
Special Collections will be taken np to p(,T 0B tno ___
haae of tho Morria-atreot Luthornii Chareh.
On Monday Evening, at half past 7 o"clock, Blaho_
?AYNE, and Membor? of tho South Carolina Conferences
rill addreis tho Sunday School children and their pat
enta ol? the "Duty of the Present Day."
JW A MEETING OP THE LADIES' A88O- -
JIATION to commemorate th? <? CONFEDEBATB
>EAD " will be hold at the Maaonio Ball, on Monday
iflerneon, 28tb" instant, at Five o'clock, P. M. Mem
joro are requested to be punctual in attendance a*
juaineas of importance will be submitted.
By order of the President.
SOT CHARLESTON, MAY 26, 1866.-I RE
ipectfuUy decline being a CANDIDATE for tho position,
of Alderman of Ward No. 4.
May ao_1_J. DRAYTON FORD.
jsarMESSBS. EDITOBS-PLEASE ANNOUNCES
BENJ. O. HERIOT, Esq., as a Oandi?iate tor Alderman*,
of Ward No. 4, to fill the vacancy caoaod by the resig
nation of A. OAHXBOH, Esq. MANY FRIENDS
aia-FOB ALDERMAN, WARD N0.1-PLEASE
announce Dr. W. T. WBAGO aa a candidate for Alder
man la Ward No. 1, In place of 3. B. M-OBBTH, re
jsarFOR ALDERMAN, WARD N0. 4.-PLEASE
announce JOHN F. O'NEIL as a oandidate for Alder
man for Ward No. A, In place of A. 0_?BOH, resign?-.
JO-BOINEST A BURKE RECEIVE THE
katect New York DAIUES ovory alterno . _ price
n-?-.R .. if
MB" STATE TAX OFFICE, FIRE PROOF
BUILDING.-Th is offioe ' ill opon or the receipt
the STATE TAX, and will continue open until tho Gi
day of June, prox.l noinalve.
May ai Tai Collector St. PhlUp and St. Michael.
jarESTATE OWEN DUFFY AND BRIDGET
DUFFY.-All person a having any demanda against said
Estates, will render the same (attested), within time
proaoribed by law: and those indebted to aaid Estate
will make payment to FRANCIS DUFFY,
May ia_B3_Qualified Ad-intatrator.
MO" WE, THE Uf.DER8IGNED, MEB0HANT8
of King street, agree to oloae onr ?*>res ovo.y Saturday
Afternoon at 7 o'ol?-?* (daring the hot weather), from
Saturday, the lain of May, to lat of Ootober, 1BG6:
FOOABT1E k 8 TILLMAN,
8TOLL, WEBB A CO.
3. B. READ k GO.
8. FRIBUDRO, OAHU A
WM. O. WBELDEN A CO.
JAMES B. BEITS.
JAMES E. SPEAR.
A. H. HAYDEN.
w. MCCOMB & co.
MoIaOY n BICE
EPS UN k ZBMANoKl.
I. HYMAN a CO.
E. SCO IT * CO.
BART k OO. I M ELCHKUH A MULLER.
HOFFMAN, BBABUAM A OO.
May 11_'_fl a
EST THE LADIES OF TRINITY METHODIST
EPD3COPAI? OHUBOH Intend holding a FAIR, in aidie
ita funde,at Hibernian Hall on WEDNESDAY EVENING.
May 33. The ollowing gentlemen, membors of' he
congregation, are roques ted to act aa a Committee)?!
WM. WALTON SMITH,
F. O. D_ FONTAINE,
M. W CBOtJH.
DB, T. 8 BEMMINQWAY
li. W. WARREN,
WM. M. SA ?K,
Capt T J LOCKWOOD,
L. T. POTTKB,
W. B. 11?UBK,
J. S. M A It Ti V,
W. B. MOBBia
WM. W. PRMBHRTON,
GEORGE W. WILLIAMS,
WILEY T. BURGE,
W. J. MlLDl-ETON,
R. M. BUTLER,
W. H. nMITU,
H. O. STOLIa,
O. A OBAE8EB,
& A. NELSON,
DR. H. BAEB.
DR. J. B. MOOD.
E. OOM8TOUK BETTS, G. HKWRY WHhEIaBB,
W. H. JEFFERS, j-W. MaflTKBMAN.
J. 8. BYER.
JKTSTATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
CHARLESTON DISTRICT.-By QEOBQE BUIST. Esq.-.
Onllnary.-Whereas, GEORGE F. FREEMAN, of St?
Stephen's Pariah, Farm?r. made ault to me to grant hint,
him Letters of Administration of the Est?t?
and Effects of THOMAS E. FREEMAN?
late of St. Stephen's Parish, Farmer: Those are?
ther-ore, to cito and admoniah all and singular the)
kindred and creditors of tho said THOMAS B. FmEEMAir,
dec-f-.ed, that they be and appear before me, in the?
Court of Ordinary, to be held at Oharieaton, on t"t_
day of June next, after publication hereof, at 11 o'clock
In the forenoon, to show cause, if any they have, why
the said Atlmlnlstra'ion should not be granted.
Given under my hand, this twenty-filth day of May.
Anno DomonI 1666. QKOBQE BUIST,
May 36 at Judge of Probates.
tar A MODERN MIRACLE I-FROM OLD AND
young, from rich and poor, from high-born and lowly,
comos the universal voioe of praise for
HALL'S VEGETABLE SICILIAN HAIR BENBWER.
It is a perfect and miraculous article. Cures bald_t_l
Makes hair grow. A better di-?lug thau any "oil" or
"pomatum." Soft _s bra?-, dry and wiry hair Into
Beautiful Silken TTOIB-. Dut, above atl, the great
wonder ia the rapidity with which it restores GRAY.
HAIR TO ITS ORIGINAL COLOR.
Use it a few times, and
th? whitest and worst-looking hair roauniea ita youtbfa
beauly. It d?**-tw not dyo the hair, but strikes at the root*,
and 01- It with uew life and color 1 ug matter.
It will not take a long, dlrfgreoablo trial to prove th?
truth of this matter. The first application wi_ do good;
you wlU seo the NATURAL COLOR returning evor?
BEFORE YOU KNOW IT,
the old, gray, discolored appearano* of the hair will ha
gone, giving placo to lustrous, shining, and beautifua
Ask for Hall's SloUlan Hair Benewer; no other artiola
io at all Uko it in -i5T-?< YonwlUfindit _
CHEAP TO BUY. PLEASANT TO TBY, ...
and SURE TO DO YOU GOOD.
. There are many imitations. Be suro you procure _%.
genuino, manufactured only by _ ._. _ ?
? .?I BL P. HAUL A CO.. Nashua, N. H.
For sale by aa druggist?. Wholesale OJ ?_
Marchs ?jyr Oharleston.
J^ABTIFIOIAL BYSS.-AltTIFIOIAL HU-.
MA* Sim mads to arder and Inserted by Dis, F.
BAUOH aad P. OOUOELMANN (formerly employa* Bf .
BonsoMioiau, of Varis), ?0. ?W Broadway. Nsw York.
1. ?prUH .* ,-*.?*