Newspaper Page Text
The Daily JSTews.
THURSDAY MORNING. MAY 31,1866.
- - T * -
yiCTOlt HUGO'S DEVIL-FISH.
*. ' -
, In his recent work, the ?'Toilers of tho Boa," at
pago 122 of HAIIPER'B ?J'?.ion, Huao gives an exci
ting account of a singular and hideous monster,
tho "piouvro." It is commonly supposod that this
animal is a croaturo of Huoo's brain, but ho lins
in fact told very littlo moro than tho exact truth
about it. Tho cuttle-fish ia a cronluro vory well
known to n?turaliutn and to eeamon, but less fa
miliar to the gonorul public. Hero ?B Huoo's po
otficttl description ol tho "dovil-flsh" :
If torror wcro tho object of its creation, no
thing could bo imagined moro perfoct than tho
Tho whalo han enormous bulk, tho devil-fish
is comparatively small; the jurara.? nin.ios a
? Msaing noise, tho dovil-lish is mute; tho rhiuoco
xos has a horn, tho devil-flab has ?one; tho scor
pion has a duri, the duvU-flsb ha* no dart; tho
shark Ima sharp linn, tlio dovil-lisli has no lina;
tho voaportilio-vampyio has winga with claw?, tho
devil-Hsu baa no in??; tho poronpiuo lina hia
spint'H, tho dovil-tiah has no ?pinta; tho sword
fish has hia sword, tho dovil-fiih has uono; tlio
torpedo baa itB olectric sparks, tho devil-fish baa
none; tho toad hua ita po.-OD, the dovil-llsh baa
?hone; tho viper baa ils venom, tlio devil-Hall baa
l?o vonom; tbeliou baa ita taloiia, tho devil-fish
.has no taloua; the griffon baa ita beak, the dovil
-? fish has uo beak; tlio crocodilo has its jaws, the
,..'. devil-fish baa no teelh.
Tho devil-fish baa no muscular organisation, no
menacing crv, no lireaatpluto, no horn, no dart,
i .. no olaw, no tail with ?hieb to bold or bruise, uo
. cutting tina or wilina with nada, no prickle?, po
. sword, uo olectric discharge, no poison, no talons,
no beak, no tcctb, yet ho ia, of nil creature*?, tho
What, thou, ia tho dovil-fiah? It is tho sea
A writer in Harper's Magazine for July, 18C0,
<teecribes the monster in plain prose, and somo
extracts from bia arlicle, which wo make l:clow,
*.' . will perhaps iutereat tho readers of Huoo's
' novel :
** THE CUTTLE FISH.
Tho colossal cuttle fish belongs to tho clase
Aloltusoa, and tho older Cephalopoda-so called
' because ita organs ol' movement aro grouped
About the head. Ila common namo ia "cunio
.' fish," and the Bail'is, who Know most aboutit,
t oall it tile "?-quid," and liavo a proverb that '"tho
squid ia Ibu largest and the sruuUeat. animal which
lives iu the aea, which ia na nearly correct na pro
verbs generally uro. There are, iu fact, cuttle Uah
but an inch lou*.', which have regularly developed
arniH, and aooreto tho aamo inky Huid with which
the linger t-quiil, wlioso arma havo been found
. , twenty-eight feet long, darkohB tho water when
Jhe ia Quailing on bia prey, or when ho, in
turn, ia cbuaed by aomo hungry whalo or
shark, whosejawa ho escapea under cover of bia
inky cloud.. Tiieao minute squids aro found iu
_,. shoals, m-ar the surface of tho water, in various
farta of the ocean, and aro ravenously pursued
y dolphins, bonita, almcore, and oven by por
poises, whose choice food they are. There is a
variety, which mensuren aomo two inches in
length, which has the faculty of darting out of
the water when puraued, and ia therefore called
by Seamen tho living squid. It is found in vast
numbers on tho banka of Newfoundland, where
our cod-flahormon na? a peculiarly constructed
book to catch it. They uso the animal for bait in
catching- codSab, who seem to be extravagantly
i'oud of it, and will bito at a squid bait when
even tho most doiicate clam does not tempt
Tho ancients know the cuttle-fish very well.
TThey are evon now f ?und in considerable numbers
in the Mediterranean, but not in such quantities
sa must have grown iu the days whon tho Romans
and Greolia, with a singular taate, thought a "cut
tle" the fiueat of lian, and paid high prices for
tho "aisj|,?ji India it ia eaten now; and I have seen
Port Louis (Ial?l"i\i"?.bought in tho bazaar of
. must havo made.them proud, ir ttfey^Urvhat hu
man kiud ol pride which values itself on a high
Tlio inky fluid, which is secreted in a little bag
In tho Upper part of the animal's body, and which
_?l-iy took to be its blood, baa a sweet and pleas
ant taste, and wns formerly used in cooking tho
body, to give it a peculiar flavor. It flows more
freely from tho body when the animal has beon
dead a day than while it is still alivo; of which tho
Chinese avail themselves, who, according to some
Dutch travellers who descrioe the manufacture of
India ink, gather tho cuttle-fish, and throw them
together in vats, when? the ink flows out, and is
drained off into proper vessels below. Denys
Montfort, who is tlio moat voluminous writer on
the cuttle-fish, aaserta that the fresh fluid makes
an ineradicable stain in Huon. Though in the
common cuttlc-fiah the ink-bag is ouly the size or
a man's thumb, tho animal can squirt the. juico out
to a distance of six feet, und with considerable
force; and the small contents of the bag suffice
mich ia the diffusive und penetrating power of the
fluid-to color several buckets of water.
TUB TEBBIB-E MOUTH AND AltMS.
The body of tho cuttle-tiah bos no opening be
low. All the issuea or voids are grouped uear the
mouth. This mouth is a weapon of so terrible a
force that a mero glance at it, and at the huge
sullen eyes of the beaut, at once convince the ob
server that it is a ficrco and ravenous animal. It
is not a mouth, properly, but a bill, parrot-shap
ed, with strong, sharp horny edges, the lowor
mandible fitting inn tho upper. Tho muscles are
very strongly developed, and show that its hold
""?is deadly, as Indeed ia proyeu by those, who have
observed it Beizing and tearing to pieces its pr_y.
The eyes are quite round, very prominent, set
J,t tho sides of tim hoad, aud have a malignant,
greedy, cruel expression, which is indescribable,
but wbioh those who hav_ noticed tho cold-blood
ed stare of the dog-fish of our coast can imagine.
It ia that intensified, and with a gleam of ferocious
It remains to describo the arms of the cuttle
fish- three monstrous weapons, each furnished
with a series of exhausters, with which it clings
with fatal tenacity to ita prey, which it has first
seized and enveloped in ila anaconda-line bug.
The larger rock sqnid or cuttlc-fi-h has eight
arms. Those, of eourso, vary in length, accord
ing to the size of tho animal; but examples are
common on tho coast of Mudagasca aud Eastern
Africa whoso aims mensuro from throe to flye
feet ia leugth, who spread over a circle, therefore,
whose diameter is from seven to twelvo feet.
Each arra baa a row of Hat projections, com
monly called saokors. but which aro in reality
marvellously contrived nir-exhaiistera, whoso me
chanism is too complicated to be made coraprc
.houaibl- without diagrams. It will suflico to ex
plain that thuy work ia a manner similar to that
ample pieco of leather with a string attached of
Behool boys called a "alicker," with which (in my
school days) wo uaed to lift bricks and other flat,
Tho body, which is vory small in proportion to
the spread of arma, ia simply a leathery bag, con
taining the intestines aud orgunB of life. The
breathing apparatus is, according to Montfort
(who dissected a gr. at many), so constructed that
the animal oan exist for a considerable time on
the land, and may be called semi-amphibious. Ita
arms, which are nlno ita organs of progression,
but poorly sustain ita weight, and it is not proba
ble that it ever, except by accident, oomes on
shore ; though it hue ita favorito home among tho
rocks ou tho coast, to one of which it clings with
two arma, while tlio rest an? thrown out to oatcb
passing dab. It ia somotimea found la the eurf,
whither it has probably been lod iii pursuit of ita
prey. And several obsorvorn i. Beale in particular)
, Mientio . having seen it at sea on tho sur taco,
Where it progressed by a rotary cork-aorow motion
of tho arms;
HABITS OF THE FISH.
Montfort, who spent many yei.ru in observing
tho habita of the cuttle fish, ou two occasions met
them on Bbore. Ouco M hugo mastiff which ac
companied him on his explorations discovered tho
ailinn!, and drew bia maatc-r'a attention by Ida ex
cited barking. "When I carno to the rocho," ho
rolatct., *.! found a cuttlo Hah whoso arms wero
thn_o foot long. Ho waa duionding himself
against til? violent attacks of the dog, an animal
of immotiso size and strength and undaunted
courage, which bad airo ?dy onco saved my lifo
wheu attacked by a wolf. Tho dog ran round the
cuttlo vainly attempting to HO izo tho arms, which
followed litiii with singular di-xtority. and lashod
bim ovor the back uko whips. I looked on. a
minuto in great astonishment at the dexterity Of
tho ouitlo, which seemed full of rage, and showt-d
no desire to retreat, ?hough the water was just
behind it. Whon it Haw me it seemed for the first
time somewhat intimidated. There waa a chango
in its taonos. Tho arms struck out leas ofte_,
and it endeavored to drag fitself to the shore.
Seeing tina my bravo dog accrued encouraged.
Watching a chance, ho leaped within tho arma
and fastonod his tooth in one, quito near the[hotly.
.?Instantly four arms wore drawn up and twined
rigidly about tho dog, who struggled vainly to
froo himself, and for onoo losing bia courage ut
tered piteous howls and orios for bolo. Bloan
timo the cuttlo, whoso hugo protruding oyes
eoomed actually ?o Hash Aro, and whoBO body had
turned many coloro, from dark violot to bright
Bcarlot, was drawing itaolf with conaidorablo
epood toward tho water, dragging with little effort
tho hoavy body of my struggling dog. Tho rough
rocky ground holpod him to draw tho weight
along, by giving his arniB Bocuro holds.
"Already tho monster lind reached tho water
side, when I could no longer boar tho sight, and
rushed to the help of my faithful dog. I soixed
two of tho arms of tho cuttlo-fish, and bradas my
feet liinily against a Bolid rock, pulled with nil my
strength. I succeeded in touring looso those arms.
Tho animal struggled, uttered cries of rago which
resembled tho growl of A norco watch-dog; and
linnlly attacked mc, tuo, throwing two of its aruiB
about my person. Hut my bravo dog had not
been idlo. Uiitboring courage from my advance,
ho had succeeded in quito tearing off with his
strong teeth two of the arms of the cuttlo; and
with another struggle ho W:IB froo. J.'hen, with a
fmy which I nover saw equalled, ho attacked *ho
disabled monstor, which wo together soon over
"I determined, says Montfort, in conclusion,
nover tigain to attack sa animal of this kind un
nrmed, or to venturo to closo quirtera with it."
Tho vast strength and determination of tim
cuttle-fish will uppoar when wo know that, though
this individual spread nearly niuo foot, his body
waa not larger than a pumpkin.
So much foi* au animal which is common enough;
but wo como now to trout of a, larger variety, as
of a supposed moiistor. To present to the incred
ulous nader the krakon, or colossal cuttle-fish,
without li rat allowing him,tho mininera mid hubits
of tho commoner variety, would have bien im
prudent; and I am too good a lawyer to bo thus
Our sporni-wlialomon have long known of tho
oxiatonco of a species of cuttlc-tish which alt tins
a monstrous B?ZC. I have myself seen and bandied
what was plainly a piece of tho arm ?if such an
nnimaL It ?vas found il?ating in tho so;i, between
Madagascar and tho Iolo of Frauoo, and measured
two feet iu diameter. It was a mure fragment,
perhaps six feet long; but the suckers upon it
wero the sl/.o of a dcosert plato.
It often happens that the'Sperm whale, wheo
in his death agony, becomes 'Vick at the stom
ach." In such enies ho vomits forth musses of
squid, and often individual pieces which aro near
ly as largo as th? body of a full grown niau. It
liinst be boruo in mind that tho throat of tho
sperm nhalo is largo enough to talio in such
masses without difficulty. It ia the right whale
which hn8 a narrow swallow.
Beforo a committee of the British Houso of
Commons, Captain Coffin, of Nantucket, an
swered Homo questions put to him to elucidate
tho mystery of tho formation of ambergris. Ho
slated incidentally that he lind once killnd a
Bperm whale in whose mouth ho found what at
tir.-t appeared to bo au immense serpent. On
drawing it out, Lowcvor, when thoy got the fish
alongside, they fouud it something still moro
wonderful-namely, a portion of tho arm of a
cuttle-fish. It measured a little over twenty-eight
feet, and the s'uekora on it wero as large as dinner
plates. The end which had been swallowed waa
already decayed, mid tho outor ond, whore it h?d
been torn or bitten off, did not appear to havo
reached CIOBO to the body, as the plates or suck
ers reaohed to its extremity, and It is known that
in tho common cuttle-fish tho portion of tho arma
nearest the body arc devoid of theso appendages,
which would bo only iu tho way there.
Now, given eight arms, each twenty-oight or
thirty feot long, with a body in proportion, and
you have at once a monster before which tho sea
serpent must hide its diminished sizo in ouvy.
Our friend, Major DoBos, has banded us tho
following translation of a letter from a recent
French navigator, who had the good fortune to
fall in with one of theso marino monsters :
M. F. BOUTER, commanding the Meelon, says :
"Ox BOAH? THE AI.ECTON, I
??iho look^?te^i*?*_ s&?PSL&y??
the larboard side. 'It is red, looks like a piece of
mast.' 'It ia an animal,' ho now cries, 'I eau Bee
The Alecton waa approaohing tho objeot in full
speed, I attentively examined the thing so dif
ferently described, and I recognized tho gigan
tiquo cuttle fiah, [poulpe], tho contested resist
ance of which seems real only in mythology. I
waa nearly in the preaence of ono of thoae strange
beinga which the ocean sometimes throwa forth
from ita depths, as if to defy science. Here was a
good opportunity, and I determined to study the
monster as near as possible, and to take hold of it
if was possible. I immediately got every one on
board ready ; they loaded the guns, fixed the har
poons and ropes foi- thoii new sport. Unf< rtu
nately the sea waa very rough, the ship waa rolling
dreadfully, and the manoeuvring difficult, when
the animal, although remaining always on the
wator, WOB moving at oaso, and seemed disposed
to keep away from tho ship.
After several encounters, which only enabled
us to give it about twenty shots, which did not
seem to hurt it, wo succeeded to throw a harpoon
and a laeso. We were preparing to increaeo the
number of ropes, when, in consequence of a pow
erful movement of the animal, the harpoon,
which had not firmly fastened in his glutinous
envelope, gave way; the part of tho animal where
the rope had fastened broke, and we succeeded
only in carrying off a part of his tai).
But wo had aeon him near enough to onable na
to give an exact description of it. It ia the En
It seemed to moaaure l8 feot from head to tail,
in the shape of a Parrot's beak, with eight oow
erful arms, five or six feet long. Its aspect is
hideous, color dark red, with ugly eyes as large as
Officers and mon were all anxious to lower a
boat in order to go and catch tho monster, and,
perhaps, they might have boen successful, but I
was afraid that in the encounter tho animal might
capsize the boat with his arms and kill some of
thurn with his powerful olaws, which, it is said,
are charged with galvanic electricity. I did not
think proper to oxpose tho lives of my men in or
der to gratify my curiosity, aud, therefore, gave
up the pursuit of the mounter, who instinctively
avoided us by diving and passing to the other aide
of tho ship, when we woro approaching.
Now that I have seen that strange animal, and
seen it too with my own eyes, I dare not deny any
longer the many descriptions given by navigators.
The sea has not spoken its last words yet; it keeps
in its depths Bpocimens of extinot races, or
elaborates, in ita over-working crucible, untold
monsters for the terror of the sailors, and the
subjects of mysterious legends of tho sea.
t a a
A correspondent of tho N*w Orleans Times,
who baa rocently visited Miss EVANS, author of
"Beulah," at her homo in Mobile, writes that she
is engagod upou a now novel, tho scone of which
is laid in Oeorgia.
Tho same writer gives the following account of
othor works in preparation :
Dr. J. O. Nott, another of tho colobrii les of Mo
bile, is also hard at work preparing somo very im
portant Bcioutifio works for tho press; among
thom ho is engaged in preparing a compend of
the "Types of Mankind," which he thinks will con
tain everything essential In the original work, aud
will be much moro oxplicit.
Admiral Semines will soon prepare his adven
tures on tho high soas-whilo in command of tho
Alabama-for the press. He has been offered
?5000, in Ecgl-nd, for the copvrlghtof the work,
but the offer was doclinod. It will probably first
appear in numbers, in a Southern monthly, and
afterwards be gathered up and published iu book
The May number of the Crescent Monthly, the
now magazine publishod in Now Orleans, has a
striking piotnre of tho literary destitution of the
Bonth during tho war :
We havo received aevoral books from North
ern publishers, anl woro mach gratifiod at tho
idea of once moro being able to keep up with tin
literature of tho day. Nothing could be moro ac
ceptable than books publishod from January, 1861,
to January, 1866. Buring that poriod wo were
shut out from all intercourse with tho literary
world, and only heard of the titles of new hooke
through tho Northern newspapers which " ran the
blockade." This and similar favors we will do oui
beat to recipr?cate. The books issued during the
war are new to the great muss of our people at
well as to us, and they would bay them quito se
readily as thoeo reoontly publiahoq.
To us the greatest ueprivatfon of the war was
that o' being out off from the new books and pe
riodicals ever issuing from the press. It was willi
a spirit of envy, it mast be confossod, that we read
of tho now worka which thoso only a fow miloo be
yond our military lines woro pormittod to onjoy.
How woll do wo romembor the first now book that
foil into our hands after leaving "Oaetlo Thun
der," that delightful retreat in Richmond, some
timo after the surrender of General Lee; how
fondly wo hold it, and gazed admiringly upon its
covers and their lottoring; how proudly wo turnod
tho loaves and took in the incens? that arose from
tho new paper, as sweet as the fragrance of now
mown hay; and thon tho delight of poring over its
pages! It was charming; and oven yet wo havo
not bocoino accustomed to tho sight of new books
so that wo can bandi? thom with iudifferonco. It
ia with a fooling of childish delight that we spread
thom about ovor our table, BU that they may bo
continually in our sight. There aro hundreds in
tho South who will appreciate) this feeling; and
wlien the now crop in 1'iiido thorn are hundreds
wlio will come into the city ami buy as many Of
those books published during the War as they are
ablo, in order that thuy may keep up with the lite
raturo ol' the duy..
Beyond the act approved 3d March, 18(35, to es
tablish a Bureau for tho Relief of Freo -linen and
Refugee?, we are unaware Of any further statute
in this regard-the only determinate attempt lo
leginliito more broadly thereon, having, as will be
remembered, been summarily ?qneloned by the
first of Mr. Johnson's vetoes. Taking, tuen, thi*
act of 3d March as the solo enactment, it is pro
posed to eonsldor what officials it allows and what
sources of expenditure it permits us legitimate
First, the men, and then the mousy. It provides
that thore shall bo ono " commissioner," " whose
compensation shall bo three thousand dol?ais per
annum, and such number of clerks as may be art
signed to him by the Secretary of War. not oxeeed
mg one chief clerk, two of the fourth c1 ins, two of
the third chisj, and live of the first das*"-ton in
all, wiiose oggrogato compensation, us wo reinem*
ber tho respective salaries of the grades nuuied,
would amount to $15.500.
'In addition, assistant eommlsnioaora are al
lowed, "not oxceodiug ten in number," and each
to receivo "an annual salary of two thoimnd live
liomin.d dollars in full compensation for all his
services." Adding all these salaries up, the re
sult will be $13,500 as the sum allowed for Bureau
officials ty the terms of the, net whereby said Bu
romi carno into being. But allowing a like sum for
kborors, etc., wo have $37 000 iii full of all per
missible compensation. "Issues of provisions,
clothing und fool" for "immediate and temporary
shelter and supply" of certain n?cessitons per
sons, ure authorized by the act, mi i fir the amount
thus needed wo will take tho figures as given by
Congress, so ended, $2,874,150. Adding to tho
grand total thus made one million of dollars for
nil legitimate incidental oxpensos, as stationery,
telegraphing, printi g, mid the like,"we get the
approximately lawful expenditures of this Bureau
as about $3,959,150.
Now let ns see whit tho Into bill passing the
bogus "House" calls for. Item, salarios of assist
ant and sub-assistant ' commissioners $47,5ti0
$22,1.00 loo much, ton assistant c ?mniissioners
coming to $23,000 and "tub-assistants" being
functionaries utterly unknown to either tho letter
or Bpirit of ttio law. Item, salaries ot'clerks $82,
800-$07,300 too much, tho ten clerks alfowod
only coming to, at tho highest ratos established,
$15,500. Mam, "stationery and printing," 168,000
-let thnt pasa. "Quurt?ra and fnel $15,'JH0
and let that pass too, though whai a ponuy worth
of firowo.id this i-* to that intolerable deal of fools
cap. "Clothiug for distribution," $l,75|i,000, and
let that pass too, though wo would liko to see, by
way of a curiosity, a Georgia nigger rigged np in
Bureau shoddy. The act allows clothing, ana we
hopo that Captain ?lavis who "disposed ut a largo
amount of such clothing at private sal [vi,I.
Qoii. Steedman'a report,] id tho only Jeremy DM
dler that baa thus cheated the blacks. "Com
missary atores," f 1,100,250, and let that pass too,
for tho act allows provisions and some of the pork
and sugar, even in North Carolina must reach the
colored epiglottis. "Medical department," $500,
000-where is the authority for a liait million of
pills, powders and boluses, and why waa it that
poor black men and women perished of neglected
small-pox when all this money is estimated for
their bohoof? "Transportation," $1,980,000. Some
of this wo can perceive as nocobsary, but let us
know the exact proportion spout iu carrying kid
napped negroos from their homes to foreurn fields
of bondage. "Behool superintendents," $21,000
w_. ., ---jo UiA linn ant.horiziuir & Bureau peda
goguery 7 "Sitea for school Douses aud asyiffuio,
$3,000,000-three millions, muid you, for which
there is not one single line ol warrant in tho law,
the whole thing being a gross, palpable, and
And with this there comes to an end the bead
roll of Radical smuggling. About four millions
aro shown to be the extremo limit of any possible
lawful expenditure under this act, and yet over
seven millions more aro clapped upon this al
ready staggering exhibit. About fifty employ, es
waa doubtless all the law over contemplated, and
yet in Virginia alone wo loam thcro aro seventy
eight military and two hundred and thirty-three
civilian attaches. In North Carolina are thirty
five military employees, and iu tho medical de
partment alone, for of that only is a return mudo,
fifty -aoven civilians. How they swarm in Goor
iwa, and to her right and hor loft, abovo hor and
below, wo will not daunt imagination by attempt
ing to conceivo. Erected for one simple purpose,
the Bureau has spread out its shado like sumo
Coisonous banyan tree. Intended to ho operated
y a corpa of clerks, like any other governmental
bureau, it has lashed out into a bewildoriug pro
fusion of parsons, podagogues, advocates, judges,
goalors, janissaries, crimps, el id omne genus
the list would stretch out to the crack of doom.
Quicquid homines agunl that is done in tho Bu
reau, for that Bureau is a world, and a wicked
world, in silhouette.
But this is getting into metaphor, and wo pre
fer to stick to plain arithmetic. Sido by side wo
give the figures:
THE nunn AU AS A jon.
THE BUREAU ?KDER TI1K
10 ASB't CommU'u. .26,000
Quarters and Fuel.. .15,'..Ou
ComraiB'ry Stores. 1,100,260
tub. ?BB't Commission
? Medicino?".60. ,000
1 Bites for school
houses and asy
And herewith, for the prosont, the Jluroau is
bidden farewell. It ia emphatically a "ftg thing"
and, growing ?ike tho genii who carno ont of the
brazen pot. in every sonso-let ita podagoguoa
expound the Latin-virss acquircscit ettndo.
Causes of the English Financial Panic.
The Pall Mall Gazette, of the I2iti inst., baa an
editorial explanation of tho causos of tho finan
cial panic in London, which is more explicit than
any other wo havo mot with, if not moro conclu
sive. Tho writor says that the panic cannot be
attributed to any of the ordinary oausos, liko
business losses, failure of crops, cotton famine,
excosaivo export of bullion, ace., Ac. The "finan
cing system" is at the bottom of Iho wholo difll
culty, and what this systom is may be gathered
from the circumstances of tho flrat groat victims
of the panic, as follows :
The legitimate business of Overond, Gurnoy &
Oo. was to discount bills, which, to people pos
sessed of the nocossary capital and oxperience, is
one of the saftCBt ways of making money that can
bo imagined, and ono by which the members of
tho old Arm had at oho timo accumulated fabu
lous wealth. Unluckily, however, for themselves
and tho public, tlioy took to advancing money in
inmenso suma to finance companies and similar
bodies on soouritios which could not possibly bo
contorted Into monoy for many months, perhaps
ovon for yoars.
In order to enable thom to do this, largo num
bers of bankore and other persons deposited with
them thoir surplus cash, which could bo called in
either on demand or at ft vory short notice, and
wo have reason to believe that when they stoppod
payment thoir position might havo been repre
sented not very Incorrectly by tho following
figures. Thoy had a oapitul of ?1,000.000. They
had deposits whiob woro unsecured, and for
which, accordingly, thoy wore immediately Hablo,
of ?3,500,000. They had also ?6,000,000 of de
posits for whioh tho depositors hold securities.
Thoy had leas than half a million of approved
bille or othor soouritios in'their hands, on whioh
money could bo advanced by any prudent com
pany. What thoir claims upon their own debtors
were, wo do not pretend to know. Tho shares of
the oompany, as every otie knows, wero at 10 pre
mium not long since, but by somo of those fluc
tuatinnsend ii may be by soma of thoso ingenious
manouvras which flourish qn tho Stock Exchange,
thoy began to fall some time ago. When tlio fall
hod once set in it had a tendency to inoroaso, as
the sbaroholdora did not understand it, and did
undoratand the immonse liabilities which thoy
had inourred. As the share* fell, the depositors
with the bouao becamo alaruiod aud withdrew
heir balancea, and inasmuch ae tho company had
locked up all their funda in securities which wero
for practical purpose? inconvertible, tho result was
Thoir application to tho Bank of England failed
of courao, for tho securities they wore ablo to offer
amounted to less than half a million, while their
immediate liabilities wero aoven times as much.
In short, they arrived at tho natural ond of their
courso of doing business, which waa to lend for
long ferma and at an onormous interest money
which thoy had borrowed from others for short
terms and at lower interest. Bo long na the loan,
for abort terms wero forthcoming, thoy, no doubt,
made great prouts; but. as sonn asthoyworo with
drawn, ruin was Inevitable. Tho writer adds:
"It is easy to seo how a catastrophe of tbia sort
works round upon others. Tho bankers who wero
known to have mudo depot-ita with Ovcrond, Gur
ney >fc Co. to -t largo amount wero, of course, sup
posed to bo themsolves in danger, and boneo cunio
a run upon thom. Thoy in turn havo had to aoply
in Home lustancos foi- assistance to tho Bank of
IOngland, and though that aaaiatauee baa been
most liberally given (wo believe flint the amount
of bills diacoui.ted yesterday waa groaler than bad
ever been kin wn before), tho Dunk Charter Act
prevented a certain lim t of accommodation from
jesrRUPTUltli CUllED I-WHITE'S PATENT
LEVER TUUSS la warranted to euri? BUPTUBB radi
eally. Tower is marlo strong or light? St pleasure.
Ne proHBuro on tho BACK or COKD. Sold wholesale
and rotuli Pamphlets freo.
WHITE'S TATEST LI .VER TRUSS CO.,
No. ODO Broadway, N. Y.
April 14 Htuilr.inuif?
SfS-MARRlAGE AND CELIBACY,
an Essay of Warulug and Instruction for Young Mon.
A'so, Disca.ir-R anil Minson which prostrate tlio vital
powors, with suro ni eau a of relief. Sont freo of eliargo
in Bonleit lottor envelopes. Address, l)r. .1. 8KILLIN
HOUOHTON, Howard Association, Philadelphia, l'a.
April 17 3mo.
?r COLGATE'S HONEY SOAP_THIHOELE
URATED Toilet uon.11, In BUCh univnr- lil demand,
e made from the cHolccst raatorlala, la mild and
eiuollleittin Its n.Uuro, fiii;.;iriiHl)- KI. 111 tri, and
ostreuioly ln;n?r?eli-l In its action upon tho Bkln. For
sale by all Druggists and Fancy Goods Dealers.
February 7 lyr
sar H-LL'l. HAIR DYE-FIFTY OENTS
ULAOK OB BROWN.- Instantaneous In ofToct, reliable
for natural appearance, beauty of color and durability;
?Iso the cheapest aud host lu uno. Deviot, Ho. 60 John
-treot, coruor of William street, Now Tortc, aud sold by
?rngglsts and Fancy Goods Stores ovcrywhere.
November 50 Orr.o
?_r BATOHELOR'8 HAIR DYEI-THE ORIGINAL
and beBt in tho world I The only truo and perfoct HAIIi
OTE. Harmloss, Keliablo and Instantaneous. Produces
Immediately a Rp1 omi Id Black or natural Brown, with
.nt Injuring tho hair or skin. Remedies tho 111 otTeots 0
4-d dyes. Sold by all Dm ?gis ta. The genuino In signed
.VH.LIAM A. BATCHELOR. Also.
REGENERATING EXTRACT OF MILLEFLEUBS,
For restoring and Bonutllylnp the Hair.
CHARLES BATCHELOR, New York.
Angust 17 _lyr
*W SPECIAL NOTICE. - "GRDATOAK- FROM
little acorns grow." Tho worst disease- known to the
aman race spring from oauses so email as to almost
efy detection. The volumes of scientific lore that fill
the table? and shelves of the medical fraternity only go
to prove and elaborate these fact?.
Then guard yoiw_elvi?" vf lilli? yon may. The smallest
nuililo on tbo skin la a tell-tale and Indicator of disease;
It may fade and die away from the surface of the body,
mt It ?vlll reach the vitals, perhaps, at lost, and death
'lethe result and flnal "close MAGGIEL'S BILIOUS
.YHPEPTIO, and DIARRHEA TILL- care where al)
others fail. While for Burna, Scalds, Chilblains. Cuts
.nd al) ?bra-Ions or the skin, MAGG-PL'S Salve fa In.
fallible. Sold by J. MAGG1EL, No. 43 Fulton.street,
New York, and all Druggists, at 25 cents per box.
J95TTHE SALE OF THE PLANTATION BIT
TERS Is without precedent In the history of tho world.
There la no secret lu tho matter. They are at once the
mont speedy, strengthening health-resto.-er ever dis
covered. It requires but a single trial to understand
this Thoir purity can always bo relied upon. They
aro composed of the celebrated GalUaya Bark, Cascarilla
Bark, Daudoltou, Oliamomile Flowers, Lavender
Flowers, Wlutorgrcon, AHIBO, Cloverbuds, Orange-peel,
Snake-root, Caraway, Coriander, Burdock,
S.~T.~1860-?X. &c. -
They aro especially recommended lo clergymen, pub
Ho speakers, and persons of literary habit? and soden
tary life, who require ireo digestion, a relish for food,
and clear mental faculties.
Delicate fomales and ?-oak porsons are certain to find
in these Bitters what they have eo long looked for.
They purify, ulrem-then and invigorate.
They create a healthy appetite.
They are an antidoto lo chango of water and diet.
They overcome effects of dissipation and lato hours.
They strengthen the system and enliven the mind.
They prevent miasmatic and Intermlttont fovers.
They purify the breath and acidity of the stomach.
They Cure Dyspepsia and Constipation.
Thoy cure Diarrhea, Cholera and Cholera Morbna.
X_cy cure Liver Complaint and Nervous Headache.
They are the bost Bitters in the world. They make
tho weak man strong, and are exhausted nature's great
Tho following startling and omphatio statements can
be seen at onr office.
Letter of Rev. E. F. On INK, Chaplain of the 107tb Now
NEin ACQUT- OBREE, March 4th, 1803.
Owing to tho great exposure and terrible d?composi
tion after tho battle of Antietam, I was utterly prostrat
ed and very sick. My stomach would not retain medi
cino. Au articlo colled Plantation Fitters, prepared by
Dr. DBAKE, of New York, WBB prescribed to give mo
strength and an appetite. To my great surprlso they
gave mo immodiato relief. Two bottles almost allowed
mo to join my reginienl. ..'?*'. I havo sinoe aeon
them used in many casos, and am freo to Say, tor bos
pital or private purposes I know of nothing like them.
Rev. li. F. GRANE, Chaplain.
Lottor from the Rov. N. E. GILDS, St. ClalrsvMlo, Pa.
GENTLE?.-?* :-You were kind enough, on a former oc
casion, to send mo a half dozzen bottles of Plantation
Bitters for $3 50. My wife having derived so much
bi-nefit from the uso of theso Bitters, I desire bet to
continuo them, and you will please send ns six bottles
moro for tho monoy enclosed.
I am, very truly, yours,
N. E. OILD-, Pastor Ger. Ref. Church,
SOLDIERS' HOME, BnpBnnrrENDENT's Oiric-, I
CINCINNATI, OHIO, Jan. 15th, 1863. j
moe** . ? ? ?
I bave given your Plantation Bitters to hundreds of
our noble soldiers who s op hero, more or less disabled
from varions causes, sud tho effect is marvolloua and
Such a preparation as this ia I heartily wish In every
family, in every hospital, and ut hand on every battle
Hold. G. W. D. ANDRbWS. buporintendent
Dr. W. A. CHILES, Bnrj-e in of the Tenth Vermont Re
gtmeut, writes-.-"I wish every soldier had a bottle of
Plantation Bitters. They are tho mast effective, per
foot, and harmlos* tonic I ovor used."
WlLl-ABD'? HOTEL, I
WASHINGTON, D. C, May 22d, 1803. j
GBKT-KMEM.-Wo require another supply of your
Plantation Bitters, the popularity of which dally in
creases with tho guests of our house.
SYKES, OHADWIOE b CO.
Ao. ko. be. . Ao. Ao.
Be euro that ovory bottlo beam the lac-aimllo of onr
Signatare on a steel plato label, with onr privat? stamp
ovsr the cork.
P. H. DRAKE & CO.
Na. 302 BROADWAY, N. Y.
Bold by allrsapootable Druggists, Physician?, Grocers,
n?tala. Saloons, and country dealers.
April 1? thit.lyr
ms- CnEAPEST ST?BE IN NEW YORK TO
BOY CHINA, GLASS, STONEWARE, CUTLERY,
SILVERPLATEDW?RE, ko. Always on hand, that
popular, nsw and beautiful White 8tono Parisian Din
ner, Tea and Tollot Hots, bandsomo as Chino, samo
color and abapos, and half tho prlco. Call and seo If
you don't purchase doods sent all over tho world.
HAOLEY'H. COOrEIt INSTITUTE,
April 14 Btntta3mo Mlddlo of tho Block.
JW ARTIFICIAL EYES.-AUTIFIOIAL HU
MAN EYES made to order and insortod by Drs. F.
BAUCH and P. OOUGELMANN (formerly employed by
ROIBSOSNKAU, of Paris), No. 09'J Broadway. Now York.
April 14_ lyr
mr AWAY W?D SPECTACLE8.-OLD BYEE
'nado now, without SpoctacleB, Doctor or Modlclno
Pamphlet wallod freo ou receipt of ton cents. Addrets
B. B. FOOTE, M. D., No. 1180 Broadway. New York.
No vein bor ?_
B&~ BIMIlilA S1BIH.IIIUS CUltANTUU.
PREVENTION* ANB CURE
ASIATIC O HOU H! HA -
As tho season advances, and Dyncutory, Cholera Mor
bu8, attended with Fevers, aro becoming common, n
PREVENTION for the ASIATIC CHOLERA Isa ncccssl
ty -with every individual and overy family.
In tho lust visitation of Cholera lu Ibis country, Br.
HUMPHREYS' SPECIFIC was regarded, wherever the
pressura on his timo allowed it to bo ititro'lucoil, as tbo
surest PREVENTIVE and most effectual CURE given to
Of thoso who uso tho PREVENTIVE faithfully, only
about ilvo por cent, woro attached, and ef catos treated
tho mortality was loss thau four per cent.
Uno -bri 1'ounce vial?.$1.00
Ptfckctcascs, three three-quarter vials, and book of
dircotloue, templete. 3.00
Family cases, I ti roo ouo-ounco vials, and book,
Sont by mall freo on receipt of prlco.
ANCHOR SYPHILOID, cures Gonorrhoea, Gloet,
Old Urinary Complain ta.$2.00
STAR SYPHILOID <C?HO of three bottlcB and book),
euroa receut Syphilis, Chancres, Buboes. COO
Sont by mull on receipt of price.
Specific II(imio|iiiiliic Medicine Company,
No. 502 Broadway, Now York.
KING & 0ASSIDEY,
April 14 HtuthGmos ' Charloston, S. O.
DRAKE'S PLANTATION BITTEK8.
Tboy purify, streugthon and invigorate.
They or?ate a healthy appetite.
They are an antidote to chango of water and diet.
They overcome effects of dissipation and late hour?
They strengthen the system and enliven the mind.
They provent miasmatio and intermittent fevora.
They purify the breath and acidity of the stomach.
They cure Dyspepsia and Constipation.
They cure Diarrhoea, Cholora and Oholora Morbns.
They cure Liver Complaint and Nervous Headache.
They are tffb best Bitters In the world. They vant*
the weak strang, and aro exhausted nature's great r*
storer. They are made of pure Ht. Croix Rum, the cele
brated Calisaya Bark, roots and herbs, and are t&kai
with the pleasuro of a beverage, without regard to ago
or time of day. Particularly recommended to delicate
persona requiring a gentle stimulant. Bold by all Gro
oors, DruggiaU, Hotels and 8aloons. Only genulni
when Cork is covered by our private U. 8. Stamp, lia
ware of counterfeits and refilled bottles.
P. H. DRAKE A CO.,
No. 21 Park Row, New York.
Ootobor 28 statb ly
KATH A I RON IS FROM THE GREEK WORJ
"Kathro, " or ? " Ksthairo, " signifying to cleanse
rojuvonato and restore. This article la what its asmi
signifies. For preserving, restoring and beautifying th>
human hair. It is the most remarkable preparation In th
world. It is again ownod and put up by the orlf inal
proprietor, and ia now made with the same care, skill
and attention which gave It a sale of over one million
bottles per annum.
It la a most delightful Hair Dressing.
It eradicates scurf and dandruff.
It keeps the head copi and clean.
It makes tho bair rlob, soft and glossy.
It prevent? the bair from falling off and turning gray
It restores hair npon bald beads.
Any lady or gentleman who vaines . beautiful be*
of bair should use Lyon's Kathalron. It is known ant
used throughout the olvlBsod world. Bold by all rt
spectable dealert. DKM AS BARNES A CO.,
Qptober 38 ntutblyr New York
rpHE ASTONISHING 8?C0E88 WHICH HAS AT
A TEND n this invaluable medicine proves H the
most perfect remedy over discovered. No language can
convey an adequate idea al the immodiate and almost
miraculous chance which it occasions to the debilitated
and shattered system. In foot, it stands tuirlvaUed as s
remedy for the perfect ouro of
Loss of Muscular Energy,
Ulc?ration of *?
Diseases of the
Stone in the
And all Diseases or Affections of the Bladder and Kid
noys, and Dropnical Swolllngu existing In Men, Women,
FOR THOSR DISEA8ES PECULIAR TO FEMALES
CONSTITUTION WATER l8 A SOVEREIGN
Thoso irregularities are the cause of frequently reenr
rinv dlseasp, and through neglect tho seeds of snore
grave and dangerous maladies are the result; and as
month alter month passos without an effort being made
to assist nature, the ti?loulty become? ohronlo, the no
uent gradually los?s her appetite, the bowels are con*
stlpated, night sweats como on, and consumption final
ly ends her career.
vI?or aale by all Druggists. Price ti.
W. H. GREG? A CO.,
MORGAN A AIJ.BN,
General Agents, No. 40 Oliff street, New York.
April It tau?
NATURE'S OWN REMEDIES. !
Congress Spring Water.
Empire Spring Water.
Columbian Spring Water,
NO NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL COMPOUND HA3
yet been discovered or MANUFACTUIIEO that equals the?
wators as a PBEVK.NTIVE, REMEP AND PERMA.
MENT ODRE, for many temporary and chronic di.
cases, as proved by the experience of many thoueando
who have drank them for years, with the most beucliola
Is a cathartic, alterative and tonic, and Is a valuable
remedy for affr?tions of tin? l?lver and Kidneys, l>y?.
papata, ?out, Chronic Constipation und Cutaneous ?Jls-J
wisi'H. It isa moat powerful preventive ol tin. Fo??r*J
and BllioHs Complaints, so prevalent in warm cUmat?siP
Is a cathartic, and a val nable remedy for Rheumata
Derangement of the Liver, Diseases of the Ukin, -
Gcuorul Debility, It? elliot? me moat HUlntiiry lu jB
Diseuses. It is an alines} BOWS CUBE fur .w'crofii'<ij;-'j
the most a;r|;ravaterl forum nt I)\ sin |>Hi_, As a i'NKvj
TIVE AND cuni-for all Bdious D-raugemcut-i it st.
COLUMN. AS WATER
Is a tonic ?ml diuretie ol a billilly lien? Belal rhararj
and is o roanrviCttKMKnr tor l>i:iit?te*. Gravel.Calcul
Irritation and Inllammutini, oi tin- Kldne>e and DiadJ
and has most singularly activa ?Ileom in rwtoring tl|
m (?.mu when debilitated bj long discaao. Females
iMVOaU-Cred for years from irregularity, und the
trcssing diseases hlio?vn only to their six, have )J
eutlrely cored by the faithful ami judicious use ot
LUMBIAN WATER. -I
Thono waters are bottled (resli and pure, from eacl
Uio above-named Sprints, In KO carefnl and HCCU,]
manner that they preserve all their mudloiual valu'j
yearn, and will bo found equally clllciu-ious when rlij
thousands of miles distant, as when taken dlrtctly
Beware oj Imitations and inferior }Valers? tho corl
all genuino Cougres-B, -inpiro mid Columbian \Y|
aro branded on the side, of lim cork, thus ;
C. & E. 8. Co.
It li. ~.
f COLD-TDIA- WATF.n, I
\ u. et E. a. co. j
,.,_ Packed safely and Reetircty, In boxes suitable for
ment to any part of the world. Congress and Ei
Waters in hoses, containing 1 Dozen Pints, or 2
Quart Dottles each. Columbian Water in hose
inn 4, or C Dozen Half Pints, or 4 Dozen Pint B<
Bold by all DrugglBts, Hotels, Wine Merchant
Sold only at Wholosalo by
HOT.HKISS SOUS, Priors,
No. 92 Beekinan-street,
S3*- Ordora by mall receivo prompt attention.
March 16 thstn3me
AND 8ICKNE88 PREVENTED BY D8ING THE
AMONG WHICH ARE
MARSHALL'S UTERINE CATHOLIC
Which will infallibly, positively. Invariably on
those torturing, perplexing, and debilitating sympt*
commonly known as FEMALE DISEA8E,- WEAKN?
IRREGULARITIES, etc., which weary and render
happy HO mi 11 y women between the ages of 15 on!
for which the medical profeselon HOPES In vain o
remedy, and from which wealth, position, delicacy,?
refinement afford no exemption.
Read the following:
LAFAYETTE, KY., Jnne al, 186
I am a graduate of tho regular Medical Colleges. Eig
een months ago I had seven caseB of nevero fem?is 1
ease which I had entirely failed to cure.* One lad; L
constant hysterics; one hod every BJ mp ton of epilip
convulsions consequent upon deranged:menstruate
others bad whites, lolling, irregularities, and all the
vere symptoms of continued uterine dorangemr
Raving my attention called to MARSHALL'S UTERI
OATHOLICON, I nsed it, and it cured every case. Ti
has not boon a ningle failure lu its operation.
0. J. NORTHINGTON, M.
jgar*See that the seal of the Graofenberg CompaL;
on every bottle. ~5ft
TETE GI?AEFENBERG~V1_GETABI__ PI
Are tho best in the world for family use, and for J
gestion - Constipation - Headache- Nervousness
iousnees -Heartburn - Acidity- Nausea- - FJatulenc
Want of Appetite-Dyspepsia-Liver Complaint
On account oi their great mildness, and from the
that they never gripe, nauseate, or leave the bowel*
constipated condition, tho Graefenborg Pills
found more pleasant tban any others.
er Prico 26 cents p?- r box. On the receipt of one
lar loor boxes will bo sent by mail, free of poBtag
any part of the country.
DYSENTERY 8YRUP-Price 60 oents.
Infallible In all cases of bowel aomplalnts, and
tain cure lor ASIATIC CHOLERA.
GREEN MOUNTAIN OINTMENT-Price 26 cen
SSr-For Burns, Bruises, Scalds, Old Bores, Obilbl
Chapped Skin, Cold Sores, and wherever there I
-animation. It acts Uko magic.-?&
?irTho Ointment te guaranteed as the best apj
?on in the world for the above. It acts more qn
and certainly than any other ever offered to the pi
CHILDREN'S PANACEA_60 cents.
SARSAPARILLA COMPOUND-% I.
EYE LOTION-26 cents.
HEALTH RITTERS.-26 couts.
FEVER AND AGDB REMEDY.-60 cents.
MANDAI. OF HEALTH.-26 cents. A complote F
ly Physician. Sent by mail on recelpt'oi 26 cents.
THE GRAEFENBERG FAMILY MEt>I0INE8 are
pared under the Immediate supervision of a SEIL
PHYSICIAN, and they may be relied upon in all i
S-TTHEY ARE PURELY VEGETABLE.-??
SE7*They have been the loading American Beut
for 20 years.
Sold, wholesalo and retail, by THE GRAEFENI
COMPANY, No 139 William street, New York,
the trade generally.
??-The trade supplied on liberal terms, by
KING & CASSIDEY,
March 17 stuthSmoa CHARLESTON,
BEAUTY. - ADBURN,
Golden, Flaxen, and
Silken 0URL8 produced by
the use of Prol. DEBBBUX'S
FUIHER LE CHEVEUX.
out* application warranted
to carl the most straight ,
and stubborn bair of either
sex into wavy ringlets or heavy massive euria. Has
used by the f ishlonables of Paris and London, wit
most gratifying results. Does no injury to the
Prico by mall, sealed and postpaid, $1. Descriptif
culara mailed free AddreBS, BERGER, SHU f TS ?
Chemists, No. 2fl.r> River-atreet, Troy, N. Y. Sole 1
for the United States. tntfai-Smo Mi
_#flSfcv -?iruRrKime AND MTJB
ff^? VV TAOUKB forced to
-L?a-..ljgf grow upon tho smoothest
yi*.jr laco In from three to five
mmisyam wi-oan by iminr? Dr. 8)iVIO
BL N E ' 8 RE8TAURATDER
?\Mm B^kCAPILLAIHK, the .most
^tMJMJfgr"' wonderful discovery In mo- '
rJF dern solenoe, acting upon
the R aird and Hair In an almost miraculous mannJ
has been used by .the ollte of Parla and London wit
most flattering success. Names of all purchasers
be registered, and if entire satisfaction is not glv
every instance, the money wiri be cheerfully ref
Price by mall, sraled and postpaid, $1. Descriptlv
culara and testimon?ala ma?-.d freo Addrea-BBI
811 UTI3 b CO , Chemists, No. .85. River-street,
N. Y. Sole agents for the United 8 Utes.
May 7 tnthrt
Till. BARNWELL S10NTI1VEL,
THB PUBLICATION OF Tins PAPFA, WHIO|
FICE waa destroyed In February lest by the ]
army, has been resumed. It Is the'only paper nut
la that large and populous District, and to m6rchar.
busino-s ni ox. possesses adran tagea seldom met wit?
Tarma tor advertising, $1 par B<ju_ro of twelre V
" Inaertfon. 8.~?_rlp_on to paper.
leas, tor each
8HUCK. k PESB1