Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME II....N0. 231.]
CHARLESTON, S. O., MONDAY, JUNE l8, 1866.
Late from Europe.
LivKiirooL (VIA QUEENSTOWN), Juno 0.-Cotton has
dccllnedtKd. Tondcncy of Broadstuffs and Provisions
downward. Middling Uplands 13>?i. In London* Con
sols for monoy 85;; to 66. United States Five-Twenties
C4 to 01 >;. Tho failnro of AanA & MASTERMAN'B bank
has cauBOd a conBlderablo depression. Tho liabilities aro
heavy. ' Tho criBla on Uio continent continuos and Is
NEW YORK, Juno 10.-Tho steamsblp City of Paris has
arrived, having left Liverpool on tho Gili Instant and
Queenstown on I he (it li. Tho Conference has been aban
doned in cocsequcnco of the domands of Austria, which
rendered the mediation of m-utral powers ImpoSBiblo.
The neutral? hayo broken off all n?gociations, and it re
mailla for tho belligerents to negoc?ate among them
Bolvcs or inaugurate war. It in bolieved that hoitllltlos
Will commence in tho Elbe Ducbles, and that Austria's
great movo will bo to ateze Silesia. Prusiia fra. Boat a
circular to tho neutral powers chirging Austria with a
flagrant breach of treaties.
The Prussian army comprises 452 battalions of
Infantry, 320 equadrona or cavalry, and 103G Hold
pieces of artillery. Tim Italian volunteers number 05,
000 The AUB Irian army is now 900,000 strong. It is
supposed that 350,000 will operate against Russia, and
250,000 against Italy, exclusivo of a reservo. It is re
ported that if Prussia seizes Holstein, Austria will cross
tho frontier. Tho Spanish forces -have boen augmented
to 86,000. The London Times declares that all hopes of
Seaco bavo vauichod. Tho Government Reform bill In
lo British Parliament has been referred without divi
sion. It waa tho impression that Government would
withdraw, but there is no such Indication.
Later via Queenstown.
BKIU.IN, Juno 0.-Prlnco Frederick Chorlos leaves to
morrow for tho headquarters of tho Prussian army in
F-onENOK, June C - Thoro is groat excitement in
Venice, owing to a forced loan and the refusal of the
municipality to assist in collecting It. Many of the In
-habitants had fled tho city to escapo conscription.
Latest fron* Europe?
NEW ?OIIK, Juue 17.-The steamships Hansa, from
Southampton June G, and Palmyra, from Liverpool
June 6th, have arrived. Th?ir nowa has generally boen
anticipated. It isconfl-med that Franco has officially
notified Hnglnnd and PruRsia of the negotiation? for
pcaco. Napoleon sat a that Austria has taken upon her
?Belf a great responsibility.
Gold K x< I lemont In Kew York.
NEW YOBK, Juno 17. -Imports for tho past woek havo
boen upwards of $7,000,000, of which there WBB $4.000,
-000 of sugar, tea and coffee.
The excitement in the gold room for several days baa
been intense. Four or five of tho heaviest stock specu
lators have lost fortunes In that time by throwing their
money and influence against tho rise. A London letter
to a banking bouse here says that the specie arrlvala are
" an immense thing for American credit. Tho amount
-sent from America ia everywhere admitted to have aaved
general bankruptcy in longland. The lette? to otbor
banking houses in thlB city are very muuh to tho same
Ne tv York New?-Cholera, Sic.
Nsw YORK, June 16.-Roberts, the Fenian, was dls
-charged from custody ycatorday. The United States
District Attorney, COURTNEY, has withdrawn tho prose
cution for the present.
Tho Vrlbuno prints a detailed account of thirteen
casca of cholera in the city since May 1st, flvo fatal.
Four cares were reported yesterday. One fatal, i. e. in
a collapsed state, without hope of recovery. Three
fatal caaes are reported in Schnectady. Arrlvala from
Jamaica report that cholera has extended to that Island,
and that it still prevails In Guadeloupe.
WASHINGTON, June 15.-The Senate was not In session
-to-day, and tbero was nothing of importance Iransactod
in the House, only uninteresting political speeches.
W. W. Seaton, for many years an editor of the Intelli
gencer and Ex-Mayor of the city, died to-day aged 81
James Huznphroys, nietnbor of Congress, died at bia
home lu Brooklyn, New York.
The moth or of Senator Runnier died in Boston aped 81.
. The President has pardoned Gen. George Muncy, of
Nashville, and Wade Hoya, of Montgomery, Alabama,
late Assistant Attorney General of the Confederate
San Francisco Chamber of Commerce?
SAN FRANCISCO, Juno 16.-Tho Chamber of Com
merce has recommended to Congress to pass an act to
relievo tho Ohlna and Japan Steamship Lino from stop
ping at Honolulu, by wbieh ten days sro lost each trip.
They euggeat lim propriety of subsidising a line of
small steamers between the Sandwich Islands and Sau
The Russian telograph fleot bas gone North. The re
port from its officers is highly encouraging.
Great ltu.nU Salt.
H Ainu BUCKO, June 7.-The Petroleum Bank, of Titos
ville, and the Vonango Rank, of Franklin, have Insti
tuted action against ox-Auditor-General Henker, and
through bim against the Stato of Pennsylvania, to re
cover a million and a quat ter of United Statea securities
deposited with tho Auditor-General as security for the
circulating medium of thoBObanks. The facts aa stated
are these: The firm of Culver, Penn k Co. wero in the
habit of taking notes of the Venango and Petroleum
Banka for cancellation at tho Auditor-General's office,
whore they received a Uko amount of bonds for what
they presented lu notes. It is alleged that tho parties
thus receiving those bonds woro noither sgents nor
officers of tho banks. These bonds instead of being
sent to officers of said banks wero taken to New
port and hypothecated by Oi.lvor, Penn & Co. It is
alleged til at it was without the authority of the banks,
and that it was an embezzlement for which the Auditor
General was responsible. Warrants bave been Issued,
and the officers are now in Wenango County toarrest
the parties implicated in the transaction. The condition
of thoso banks la now under a oourso of official investi
Arrival of Southern Steamers.
Nxw YORK, Juno 17.-The steamera George Crom
well, from New Orleans, N. Livingston, from havannah,
-and Moneka from Charleston, havo arrived.
LIVERPOOL, June 5.-Sales of cotton for the Iaat three
-days 36,600 bales. Opened buoyant with a 3?d advance,
but cloaed dull with Improvement more than loat
Breadstuff? firmer except corn, which waa quiet.
Mixed 29s. 3d. Beef dun. Pork Inactive but steady.
Bacon firmer. Segara quiet. Rloo without sales. Bosin
-dull. Turpentine flat.
New York market.
Nxw YOBK, June 16.-Cotton dull and drooping at 39
to 41 cents. Gold 66\. Exchange nominal. Sixty
-daya not quotable. Bight li,1?'. Steamer's mall goes
South this evening. Four steamera leave for Europe
to-day, taking $2,087,000in gold.
NEW YORK, June 16.-Cotton dull. Bates unchanged.
Salea 1000 balos. Pork closed buoyant at $33. Sugar
and coffee quiet Gold closed at 69%.
Momi.E, Juno 16.-Cotton-Sales to-day, none. Mid
dlings nominal. Salea of the week about 2200. Receipts
Of the week 1606 a; alnst 1003 Iaat woek. Exporta of the
week 8096. Stock on hand 37,696. Gold 46%.
Review or the New York Money and Stock
Nsw YOBK, June 14-P. M.-The commercial saya
undor the exportation of large shipments of gold on
Saturday, the premium strengthened. The ?hipmonta
will pre bably reach two or three millions. The general
Impression is that the premium will reach COc. The
continued inactivity in tho stock market baa caused a
downward tendency. Erie fell off 1%. 6-20s are )i bet
ter, closing at the board at 102%. There ia very little
movement in the loan market. Call loans are mode
mostly at 6 per cent Discounts aro moderately aotive
on paper. The rates are 6 to 6% per coot, for specials,
-ana 6>_ to 7 for primo names.
ST. LOUIS, June 14.-Flour is dull and unchanged.
Wheat is unchanged. Corn Is dull atC8_>76o. Oat?
Holders are asking $32 60 for Pork, bat there aro few
Bacon la stiff nt 20 %o for clear Sides, 16c for Should
ers, and23@24c for sugar-cured Hams.
Lard firm at 21 >?@23c.
Whlakey is doll at $2 22@2 23.
SIXTEENTH OP JUNE,
M*E M O R Y
The anniversary of ono of our most brilliant vic
torloB having beon chosen for tho expression, by formal
obrorvancos, of tho feelings of our hearts for tho Con
fed erato dead, all bailed with delight a bright and Bunny
morning. But as misforluno and disappointment bo
fell tho cause so dear to tho living and the dead, so dark
clouds obscured tho sun of Saturday, seeming as if
heaven frowned upon our warriors oven In tholr graves.
Bowevor, even as the po'lttcal horizon has so far clear
ed as to allow us the prlvilego to mourn onr fallon with
out let or hindrance, thus, too, the clouds departed
from thVsky, lightning ceased to flash, and tho rain to
pour, and the thunder died away in tho distance, till
solemn silence reigned where tho living held commu
nion with the dead.
To drop metaphor, and speak In plain and unadorned
proso, Saturday morning was as bright and clear aa
heart could wish, and thoro was every reason to sup
pose that the universal desire to have an unexception
able memorial celebration would bo gratified. As the
ladies were tho moving spirits of this offort to express
howover feebly a people's unavailing gratitude, it is but
natural to supposo that prayers of thankfulness for the
bright sky went up from the pure hearts of many a fair
dovoteo at hor morning orisons.
APPEABANOE OF THE OTTY.
Long before any thoughts of the occasion could be
dotectod among mon frequenting tho haunts of business,
where the life of the emotional soul is loBt sight of In
tho life of the schooling mind, fair woman was wearying
her fingers with the wrettb and garland, flitting about
tbo city church yards from grave to grave, or tiring her
charming feet upon tho pavement. Aa tho rosall of all
this generous exertion on her part, wagons could be
seen traversing the principal streets with fragrant loads
of overgreena and flowers, some thrown In heaps with
careless prodigality of nature, some arranged in orosses,
bouquets and garlands with the oxqulalte skill of art.
Not a churchyard in the city but what had ita soldiers'
graves tastily ornamented, and Charleston has many of
these gardons of the dead, which are among tho moat
delightful of her many picturesque scenes. At St. Mary's
Charol, in Hasel-atreet, was a most boantl'ul pyramid
of evergreens and flowers, of which not only the general
appearance, but each minute and delicate detail did
credit both to the mind which planned and tho fingen
which executed such fairy workmanship. About twelve
o'clock .the closing of the stores oommonced, and by
three o'oloek a solemn Sabbath atillneaa reigned in our
principal thoroughfares, no places of business being
kept opon BSVO by those who would keep them open
on Sunday It the law allowed.
Before the rain, and as if utterly regardless of the
threatening of the portentous clouds wbloh darkened
the sky, crowds of both sexes and of all ages and classes
Ailed tho omnibuses and backs on their way either to
the depots, or to Magnolia itself. Before the streets
were well clear of these vehicles, the rain descended in
a mighty flood, disappointing thouaands who had been
a Uttle tardy in their preparations. After a heavy rain*
of about an hour, the sky cleared, and the city appeared
very cool and clear, but very desolate and abandoned.
No one was In the streets but negroes and a few atrag
gUng partios of the belated, who had determined to go
anyhow, in accordance with the old maxim, "better late
than never. "
On the South Carolina Railroad, a train of eleven cara
went np twice, crowded both timos. The distance being
bnt two miles, waa quickly accompli?bed, and the paa
songors had just begun to feel tho exhilarating effect of
rapid motion when the train stopped, and they had to
get out. On the Northeastern Railroad, several crowded
trains were run, and, after the rain, a party who were
belated were carried, through the kindness of Superin
tendent SOLOMONS, mon an extra train, and reached the
Forks of the Road just in time to see the procession re
turning from the Cemetery. On this Road "tin engine
and train were placed under the control of the Memorial
Association, to be run as orton as they wished, under
the charge of a conductor of thoir own choosing-and on
both roads the money received for passage was paid
over to the Associa.tlon, and every possible facility ren
dorod for the accommodation of all.
Tho trains stopped at the forks of the road, and the
distance I rom thero to tho Cemetery, about a quarter of
a mile, had to be walked The hard rain had made the
ground vory sloppy, and this short tramp was, conse
quently, the ruin of many thin shoes and whito skirts,
to say nothing of the hundreds of pretty muslins which
will never be presentable again. This much, howover,
we must say for the ladies, that highly as wo all know
they value their dressos, though wo watched the whole
procession carefully as it wound ita way back to the
cars, so earnestly and profoundly did they seem pos
sessed with tbo spirit of the occasion, that wo did not
notice a Bingle regretful look et draggled skirt or be
A rustic stage, covered with moss, was erected near
the Confederate bur j ing ground, around which was soon
gathered an immense concourse of men, women and
children, the fair sex greatly predominating. Upon the
stage were Hon. P. O. GA___D, Mayor of the city,
Colonel CHAULES H. BIMONTON, (who, on behalf of
the ladles, superintended the exercises of the day),
Bev. C. P. GABBBZN, Rev. Dr. T. P. WrNK___, Rev. W.
B. YATES, Bev. J. L. GIBABBEA. (OBO of the orators of
the day). Professor T. P. O'NEALS, and oholr of gent?o
men. The following ladies were also oa the stage, all of
thom being officers of the Memorial Association: Mrs.
SNOWDEN, President; Miss MAB. BUBBOTJQHS, Vic?
PrealdoBt; and Miss SIMPSON, Recording Secretary.
Bev. W J. YATES commenced the ezeroises of the
occasion with an earnest and heartfelt prayer. Pro
fessor O' NEALE and his oholr then sang the following
odo, oomposed for the occasion by Mrs. C. A. BAU,, well
known to our readers as the authoress of "The Jacket
of Gray," and numer?os other choice verses that have
appeared In our columns:
No orphans mourn, no mothers weep,
No sister's tears are shed:
O ver the graves whore calmly sloop
Our loved and martyred dead.
Bnt woman's heart a blessing breathes,
And woman's hsnds aro twining wreaths
Above each lowly bed.
An d flowers of rammer's sunshine born,
In robos of beauty dressed,
Are brought by woman to adorn
The f oldier's place of rest
Dear was the cause for which they bled.
And honored still shall be our dead,
Our noblest, and our best.
Then come, and o'er each burled head
Your floral offerings cast;
Meet tributo to the gallant dead.
Who to their rest nave past.
And soon above onr countless slain,
Who long have all unhonored lain,
Shall monumental marble teU
How gloriously they fought and fell;
And the bravo boya we loved so well
Will have tholr meed ?t last.
Bov. J. L. GinABDEAu, ono of tho orators of the day,
thon dellvorod tho following address :
ADDBE8S OF THE BEV. J. _. OIBABDEAU
Wo have come, my friends, to this sacred ?pot in obe
dience to the promptings of a universal and weU-ni_h
irrosistiblo instinct of the human heart. Mon of all
climes, of all types of civilization, and of aU forms of
rollgiou, unite in doing honor to the memory of tholr
dead. The philosopher and tho Bavago, tho Fagan tho
Mohaamedan, tho ?low, and tho Ohristian, aro at'ono
In tho indulgence of tho sonUment whloh dictates tho
discharge of thoso mournful offices, tho last which it is
competent to affection to rondor in behalt of kindred
countrymen and frlendB. '
Wo aro horo as mon-ncrs to-day. Wo havo ropairod
to this burial ground to minglo tho tears of a common
sorrow, and to pay that tribute of respect to our deceas
ed soldiers which was previously prevented by tho hin
drances of war. Tho act which wo aro assomblod to
poriorm Is suggested not by acrimony towards I ho
living, but by affection for tho dead. Simply retrospec
tive lu ita oharaotor, it bos no covort political complex
ion, and no latent and lneldloua reference to the future
It affords, It 1B truo, not only an oxpression of our griof
over the ashes of our departed heroes, but of our admi
ration for their character, and our love for tholr memo
ries and tholr names; but there Is no noble and gener
ous spirit, evon among thoso who wore victors in tho
groat and sanguinary struggle through which wo have
passed, that would refuse us the consolation of drop
ping a tear, and of laying our chaplets of cyproes upon
the graves of our dead.
Wo aro hore as mournors, not only for our own unut
terable losses, but also as representatives of tho discon
solate kindrod of many of those who hero sloop in ?irath,
dobarrod by distance from participating with us in those
sad rites; of fathora and mothers who Bent forth tholr
sons, with tholr benedictions, to soe them no more on
earth; of wives and sisters, who slowly and reluctantly
unwound tholr arms of affection from the nocks of hus
bands and brothers, whoso faces thoy woro destinod
novor more to look upon in this world; of little or
phaned children who clung to their dopartlng sires, and
all unconsolous of tho dead significance of tho insignia
of war, toyed with their glittering aword chains, and
smiled at tho nodding of tholr plumea. Alas I their
lond visions of the sold 1er'a return to gladden his home
woro doomed never to be realizod; and now, in place of
the joyous greetings of a fathor, a husband, a brother, a
son, is the voiceless silence of a griof that caita ita
dally shadow ovor tho desolated family cirolo, and which
naught but tho divine consolations of religion can as
Whether thoy were right or wrong in the prosecution
of the contest whloh cost thom tholr Uves, the men
whoso sunken graves wo ropalr, and whose memories
we honor, died for us. Weean nover, never forgot that
thev were sacrificial victims on au altar which we
holpod to rear, and that their blood was poured out Uko
water in defence of principles whloh wo avowed, and
which we counselled and exhorted them to maintain to
the last extremity. For that causo which we, as well as
they, regarded aa the exponent of constitutional liberty
and whloh, during Ita protracted and agonizing struggle
for existence, we loved with a passionate intensity
which no words can express-for that causo thtse men
encountered every hardship, underwent every priva
tion, and freely sacrificed their lives. For it thoy for
sook the sweet felicities of home, and bado a last faro
well to those whom they held dearer than life ltsolf
Encouraged by the blessings of thoso whoso hearts
broke at tholr own exhortations to them to go forward
in the path of duty, attended by the sanctions of reli
glon and the prayers of the pious, and stimulated by
the applause of a whole people, they went forth cheer
fully and exnltlngly to the endurance of trials to
whloh even the sorrowful annals of warfare can
scarcely furnish a parallel. Engaged in a conflict with
one of the great powers of the world, whose voice is
heard with reBpeot by the occupants of European
thrones, excommunicated from tho fellowship and sym -
pathy of the human race, engirdled with a wall of fire
and barred off from Intercourse with the rest of man
kind, sustained by rosources at homo which wcro bardy
adequate to the supply of their most pressing necessi
ties, yet conceiving that thoy were struggling to uphold
tho great principles of CIT? and religious liberty for
which their fathers before them had bled, they manfully
ondured every trial, and heroically confronted evory
peril, They were scantily fed, they were poorly elad
they wero often lnoffiolontly armed, yot amid the Bnow?
of Virginia winters, amid the deadly malaria of Carolina
swamps, amid the bleak winds that sweep our ocean
shore, amid the burning beata of Mississippi, amid the
bayous and wilda of the far West, in labora and watch
lugs, in hunger, nakedness and cold, in the dreary
trenches,on the exhausting march, and on the rod flold
of carnago and of death, they attested their fidelity to a
cause which was common to thom and us Who of us
in this concourse which has spontaneously poured
forth, not as a triumphal procession with floating ban
ners and clashing cymbals, but aa a community
of stricken mourners-who of us can forgot the
little worn-out handful of heroes that on this day four
years ago stood an immovable breaatwork before this
city, and mot and broke the thundor-cloud which burst
upon them In fury with that morning's earliest light?
Who of us can forget the gallant men who fell amidst a
tempest of fire, and a h ?11 of iron, at Wagner and at
Bumter ? Who of us can forget those who saturated
with their blood tho fleldB of james Island, John's lal
and, Pocotallgo, and Ooosawhatchie ? . Noble old city ?
poor as rho is, she Is lieh in such memories aa these.
Torn, afflicted, impoverished she may be, but none can
wrest from her tho inheritance of that immortal legacy
which was bequeathed her by her dying sons. The
crown has fallen from her queenly brow, and she sits In
dust and ashes, but thero aro still lort her, in her dead
and living children, costly and glittering jewels whloh
blaze upon her bosom, and are pressed with ineffable
fondness to her breast Our brethren fought, and bled
and died, as vicarious sufferers on our behalf. Our pro'
foundest gratitude is, therefore, due them; and every
generous omotion of our natures impols us to do what
we can, consistently with our present relations and
duties, to honor their memories and to consecrate tholr
names. Their spirits have psBscd from amongst us but
their graves are with us; and, although we may not lay
upon them thelaurol garlands of the victor, we would
revo.-jntly plaoe upon them the tokens of our undying
gratitude, and our quenchless love.
It wonld be BB Idle as it would be uncandid to deny
that lu performing this o til co In memory of our dead,
we offer a ailont protest which, however feeble and use
less it may appear, IB still solemnly render, d again?t tho
judgment which would consign them to infamy as the
perpetrators of unnatural and monstrous crimes. Let
others say what tbey may, it is not in our natures to re
gard aa criminals thoso whom we revered and loved as
our fathers, husbands, brothers and sons, and who fr?iv
ly yielded up their lives for principles which we deemed
worthy even of such a sacrifice. We would bo guilty of
grossest lcoonelstenoy with ourselves, and of deepest in
justice to them, did wo refuso to do them such honor
as it is possiblo in our circumstances to pay. Wo cannot
frame our speech to pronounce aught but bleatlngs
upon their names; and palsied would be our tongues
shou'd they ever be schooled to utter a syllable of re
proach upon tin lr memories. Were it so that we were
required to do it, our answer mnst needs be, by God's
help we cannot Botter, far better, in that case, would
it be for Us to say of our dead countrymen, as the great
Bomau poet makes hie hero exclaim of his, "Happy,
thrice happy they, to whom it was allotted to die before
the faces of the fathers," and to look forward to the
hope of sharing their graves aa the last the only conso
lation that would be left us. The world, whloh has mis
understood us In the past and which mia understands
us now, may withhold from the soldiers of an 111-atarrod
country tbe meed of pralae for the performance of heroic
doods. It is oura-we cannot help it. It is oura to re
Dtat their names w th affectionate veneration_to cher
iih them in our hearts, and to hold them in ever
lasting nmomoranee as the symbols of every quality
which we ate wont to honour as noble, brave and
true. Tho great and good Jackson never could
have been a leader of conspirators, outlaws and
banditti. His Ufe-and It was one of those bright
and glorious visions, whloh once beheld are never for
gotten, a picture of truth, purity and sublime virtue,
which stamped itself at onoo and forever upon the
hearts of mankind; his death-sa serene and peaceful
as tho evening sceno which closes in upon some day of
mighty conflict; the Ufe and the death of su_ a man
cannot but rod oom from reproach tho principles to which
they wero devoted, and shed a hallowing lustre upon
even a defeated cause, which now, but for such lumi
nous illustrations,would, in the Judgment of the world,
go down into the night of a perpetual oblivion. Nor
were thero wanting mauy kindred spirits of lower rank
and lesser note, . Hundreds, officers and prlvato
soldiers, developed the lofty aplrit of self-sacrifice, the
noblest, tho subUmest, the most god-like trait which
can adorn and dignify our poor human nature. A gal
lant and 'beloved young officer from this city, when
dying of a wound, in a distant State, said to me, "Tell
my dear parents I do not repent of fighting for my
country." Brave, gentle, affectionate messmate and
friend! He sleeps not upon the soil of his cherished
Carolina, but the bosom of Virginia, reddened with the
gore of heroes, softly pillows his head in his last un
broken repose. Bald a private soldier to me, while he
waa lying in a hospital in prospect of doath: "Sir, I mai
die, but if I hid forty Uvea I wonld give them for suet
a cause aa this." Bald another to me, after he had con'
traoted a severe and dangerona dlseaae in ooneequenct
I of doing picket duty, in freezing weather, without ax
overcoat or a blanket to co vor him: "I have auff-rcc
muoh, but I would rather die than give np the cause 1
havo been fighting for." Sacred to na must be th<
memory of such heroes I Green bo the turi that rists
upon tbelr sleeping dust I
But I must lorbear. The emotions which thrill us at
such recollections ere too deop, too tender, to find ex
pression in language. Wo cann? t give utteranco to the
feelings which oppress ne, and yet, liko an inward
fountain of fire, thoy would fain burn for themselves a
It has pleased an oll-wiso Providenco to deny t-uccess
to a cause in which tho blood of our brethren was
split. We would rover? ntly and submissively bow to
tho decision of Ilia sovereign will. We would remit
tho whole case to HU wisdom and mercy, a- d quietly
and patiently an alt Its ultimate developments. Wo
bave no quarrel with tho providenco of God. Wo would
obodlt-ntly accept the sltuattou whi- h He allots us. aud
would endeavor honorably to mcot the obllgatlonu and
dlBohargo tho dutios which it implies. Wo aro not lu
sennlblo to the sanctity of oatbe, and trust .* o may bavo
graco to conform to every requirement of conscience,
probity, and honor.
But whilo tims in sincerity wo feol and ?peak, juatlco
to the dead and fidelity to truth alike compel ua to say
that wo cannot ignore the fact that tho moro proaonco < r
absence of success does not, of itself, dotermino tho
question of the righteousness or unrighteousness of
principles. Wo cannot close our eyes to the great leeson
which starts out Irom the pagos ol history-that causes,
which, whilo struggling for existence, were branded
with the stigma which attaches only to crime, have been
resoned from contempt and glorified in tho oyoa of men
by the more accident of victory; and that others, which,
whilo in tho ascendant, wcro attendod with acclamations
of applause, bavo, by a reverso of fortune, experienced
an oppoalto fate. Such was tho lesson written upon tho
great struggles for the maintenance of constitutional
law in the history of tho English people; such was the
loBson impressed, as in letter* of light, upon the face of
tho Ai erlcan Revolution. Nor can the argument, from
the apparont favor or frown of Providenco, be doomed
conclusive as to the character of principles, since tho
Church of God herself haa sometimos been subjected to
persecutions which drenched hor In blood, and brought
ber to the very vergo of extinction. Bight is light, and
wrong is wrong, whatever may be the outward and acci
dental cir cum stances which accompany them; and it is
an Ineradicable faith of the human heart, which o'so
would be but the sepulchre of hope, that truth and
right, though, like the setting sun, they may sink be
neath a horizon of darkness and an ocean of storms,
may at last ro-appoar in tho morning glory of an un
The blood, the proclous, priceless blood of our breth
ren may seem to us to have been drunk up by the earte
in vain-but whatever of truth, whatever of right, what
ever of pure and lofty principle there waa for which
they contocded and for wbloh they died, may. In
another day, in some golden age, sung by poets, sages
and prophets, come forth lu the resurrection of buried
firinclplos'and live to t less mankind, when tho bones oi
ts confessors and martyrs shall have mouldered into
' 'Truth struck to earth shall rise again,
Tne eternal years of God are bora."
Ladles of the Memorial Association, ths suggestion of
this sffecting ceremony originated in your delicate and
loving sympathies. Nover did you, never can you, for
get that the namo of Woman was sacred to tho Southern
soldier's heart. It is no wonder, that as ho lived for
your defence, be should die with your blessing. Your
hands industriously wrought to supply his wanta while
he lived, your hands softly ministered to him when lying
on tho pallet of suffering and of death-it 1B but fitting
that the same hands should gently lay upon his last
resting place the touohlng memorials of a peoplo'a
gratitude and love. No tbundor of cannon, nor roll of
drums, nor blare of trumpets is heard abovo the gravea
of our dead, but BB long aa they shall bo surrounded by
kneeling mothers and daughters, sisters and wiv<-s, who
shall bedew them with their tears, they will not be
wanting lu the noblest and truest honors which tho
human heart can pay.
The Choir then sung tho following odo by HENRY
TIMBOD, tho Poet Laureate of the South :
S leep sweetly in your humble graves,
Sleep, martyrs of a fallen cause.
Though yet no marble column craves
The pilgrim hero to pauae.
In seeds of laurels in the earth
The blossom of your fame lsolown;
And, somewhere, waiting for ita birth,
The ?halt is in the atone I
Meanwhile, behalf the tardy years
Which keep In ?mat your storied tombs,
Behold your sisters bring their tears,
And thoao memorial blooms.
Small trlbutea ! but your shades will smile
Mor? proudly on those wreaths to-day.
Than when some cannon-moulded pile
8 hall ovorlock this bay.
St oop, angels, hither from the skies I
There is no holler spot of ground
Than where defeated valor lies
By mourning beauty crowned!
Mr. GIRABDEAU'B address wss nearly finished whan
Bev. W. 8, BOWMAN, the other orator of the day, ar.
rived. Owing to the misunderstanding of a hockman,
the carriage had not called for him at the proper time,
and be was thcroly greatly dolayed. The hurry and
confusion consequent upon such a contretemps would
bts annoying to gentlemen about to speak in public at
liny time, but when it is considered tl.at Mr. BOWMAN
was only rectr.tly selected to fill the placo of Rev. Mr.
MKTNAIU.UK, the original appointee, the difficulties un
der which he labored can be appreciated. II? wovor,
none of tbcro things were in the least eutpected by the
audience, who listened to the following address;
ADDItESS OF BEV. W. B. BOWMAN.
Among the instincts which do honor to human nature,
there is nono ?le serving a higher rank than that which
causes us to respect the dead, end constrains us to re
gard as religiously sacred the places of their reposo.
The angry and vengeful passions of men, lashed into
fury by the storm of a mighty revolution, all seem to
die away as Ihey sss? mble around the graves of their
dead, juitns the waves of the storm-riven ocean die
away on tho peaceful sands of the shore.
In every age of the world, the noblet!, purest and most
unselfish emotions and principles of the human heart
have been manifested around tho sepulchres of the de
parted. 8olomon says: "If a man live many years, and
be not filled with good, and alto have no burial, I say that
an untimely biri h ia better than be." Tho ancient Egyp
tians were most careful in embalming and caring for
their dead, and wero it not for the ruthless and inquisi
tive band of the antiquarian, multitudes of tbelr dead
would have slumbered through thousands of years,
down lo the resurrection morn, in the gorgeous tombs
which the bond of grateful lovo had provided for them.
Christianity, in Ita early history, condemned the wild
and hypocritical expressions of grief, performed mostly
by disinterested persons who were hired to make a
noise at funerals; butonoof Ita distinguishing charac
teristics haa ever been to teach a reverence and respect
for the ashes and the tomba of the dead. Indeed, the
Christian religion furnishes us with the most powerful
incentives to the performance of the duties we have
come here this afternoon to discbarge. It teaches us
that the saored dust in those graves once constituted
temples in which dwelt the minds and the immortal
splrlta of mon like ourselves. It teaches ua that some
of these temples, at least, were habitations of the Holy
Ghost. Yea, more, it teaches ua that this dust ltsolf la
immortal, and that when the Archangel's trump shall
sound the reveille of God Almighty's day, these slum
boring horoea- callod to life by the omniflo summons
shall burst their sandy cerements, and awake with Joy
to see those principles or truth, righteousness and Jus
tice for which they died, eternally triumphant!
The earnest and the pledgo of this glorious fact is
given us by the great Author of Christianity Himself,
tending upon the fragments of His shattered tomb, He
f(reclaims to an astonished universe, "I am He thal
lveth and was dead, and behold I am alive forevet
more." And looking down benignantly from the battle
ment? of heaven. He saya to the martyre who sleep al
our feet, "becanae I llvo ye shall live also."
Men of wisdom and renown deem It an honor te
themselves to make long pilgrimages to the crumbling
ruins ( f ancient Greece and Rome. With uncovered
bead and aolemn mein they walk through broken arohee
a i d o'er mounds of mosB-covered debris. Ia meditative
and revorontial alienee they contemplate the fallen pillai
-the broken column-the proatrate wall. And all be
cause thcio thlnga once re-echoed the voices, and shel
tered the heads of the poet?, orators, and statesmen of c
departed age ; these ruins are thns honored for what
once dwelt in them.
In the name of con si stoney we ask: What honor Is no1
duo to the crumbling ruins of tbeso living temples lr
which dwelt, erst while, the Holy Ghost fllmsoll'
Ruins over which God 1? continually watching, am
which He will, one day, rebuild in immortal vigor ant!
> undying glory,
The refined delicacy and purity of sentiment involved
i in an undertaking like this, makes it the appropri?t?
apbere of woman to lead In the matter. She who wat
i first at the feet of Jeans-first at the cross, and fir it a
- the eepulchre, should be first to spread the emblema o
i immortality on the grave? of the Confederate dead
11 There seem? to be an instinct deeply graven In her na
11 tore, that prompte her to deeda of this character.
[ Some yeera age, a noble-looking young man cann
> I suddenly to hi? death while on a Journey, and far awe}
from homo and friends, tho hand of Christian charity
droseed bim for tho tomb, and provided for bim a decent
placo of sepulture As thoy were about to cloeo tho door
to his narrow houso, A LADY-with heart and counte
nance full of tenderness and love-advanced and said:
"Lot mo kiss him for bis mother." Such
was the sublime and pious beauty of tho act.
that tbo immortal ruut-o caught hold of it, and enshrined
it In enduring versa The musician's skill set it to ap
propriate strains sud tho tonn bas awaked the Unger
ing echoes of both hemispheres, and found a warm re
sponso in overy heart.
But those ladies stand here to-day in a sublimer atti
tude, and oue more worthy of heroic verso and anthem?
of pralso than did ?ho who kissed tho dead stranger's
brow. Ayo, these men had mothers, wives and Bisters.
Thoy wero nt tho vagabond rabblo gathered together
from tho four quarters of the earth. They ?vero not of
the houseless, homeless, motherless, ?(sterlets multi
tude, who roam over tho world In pursuit of wild ad
venture and questtonablo enterprise. 'J hey woro not
tho excrescences of roclety, gather? d from tho purlieus
of vice and tho pr.sons of earth by tho seductivo arts of
money and wine. Thoy wero gentlemen, who came
from their genial Southern homes, wbero their hearts
woro daily bathed lu tho perennial light of domcstlo
affection. They carno hero with their cheeks moist with
tho tears of matornal love, and conjugal devotion and
sisterly kindness. Hence, each lady here may say, "Lot
mo deck his gravo for his mother, his wifo end his sta
But thero is one thought that rises pre-eminently,
above all other considerations in connection with tho
exercises of this day. It is the debt of gratitude we owe to
thete martyred heroet. THEY DIED ron UBI They left
tholr far distant homes and rushed to our malarious
coast, to place tholr living bodies and their boating
hearts as a bulwark between us and our foes-to defon _
to the death our lives, our hernes, our possessions, our
Ubortles, our shrines and our altars. And the sacrifico
is none tho less valuable in itself, becauso It did not
bring tho desired blessing. All that wo can do now in
to keep sacred tbelr memory by such labors as those,
and to watch over and protect their liol pleas ones.
Our great consolation in their martyrdom is, that
they havo escaped tho humiliation and the oppression
which is always the Inheritance of a conquered nailon.
They can never bo reached by a Herod's rod or a Csssar's t
"They sleep their last Bleep,
Thoy havo fought their last battle,
No sound can awake them to glory again."
Such thunders as rolled across James Island and re
echoed through this city four years ago to-day, and
such ghastly wounds au d pulseless bodies as we then
beheld, will never bo withesaed whithor they have gone
"On fame's eternal camping ground
Their silent tents are spread.
And glory guarda with solemn round
The bivouac of tho dead."
It only remains for UB now to learn thoso lessons of
piety and wisdom which the grave is intended to toach ;
and in view of the ministrations of kindness which
these departed warriors received in their last hours at
tho hands of theso moro than Spartan ladies, we havo
no words of our own BO appropriate as thoso of the
poet, who wroto:
.?Lips J have kissed, ye aro faded and cold;
Hands I havo pressed, yo aro covorod with mould ;
Form I havo clasped, thou art crumbling away,
And soon on thy bosom my breast I shall lay.
Frie nds of my youth, I havo witnessed your bloom.
Shades of the dead, I havo wept at your tomb,
Tomb, I havo wreathes, I have flowers for thee,
But who wiU e'er gather a garland for me?"
After an eloquent prayer by tho Rev. O. P. GADSDEN,
the bonediction was prononnced by Rev. T. P. WINK
LEB, and the following odo, oomposodby the latter gen
tleman, was sung :
The sea-born city mourns, but not in shame,
Her heroes laid in state bonoath the dome
Of skies and solemn woods. 8ho chai, ts tholr fame
Becauso thoy fought and fell for hor, for home
And liberty. Rest, rest yo glorious braves I
Wlulo we with tears and flowers bedeok your patriot
Wo cannot live forgottlng how yo died
Tho cheek of youth that wore Its velvet bloom,
The brow of manhood In its strength and pride,
Tho h uary helm-devoted to the tomb I
Ye warriors, free as woro our winds and waves,
With tears and flowers we deck your sacrificial graves.
Gould yo a dearer gift than Ufo bestow ?
Sires, husbands, sons, who braved the battle shock.
And gladly gavo the crimson tldo to flow,
As Shepherds of the people for your flock ?
Ye fought, ye died, that we might not bo slaves,
Alas, what slight return wo scatter on your graves I
Frail emblems wreathe around your hely shrlnet :
But Love, for which ye bore the mortal atron?.
Bids Nature plant hor monumental pines,
And rear her dark-green mounds of Southern oak,
And all hor swelling tears and voices craves,
Instead of grlof-wet flowers, to consecrate your graves.
A happior ago may bid the pile arise,
With Iropnied symbol and with martial name;
A juster world invest yon with the prize
Of palm and plaudit lu the lists of fame;
The care that guards yonr homes, the debt that saves
Your living blood, we pledge, in flowers, upon yonr
During the singing of this ode the Impressive core
mony of decorating the graves w>s performed, and in a
fow miautes tho clean but desolate burial ground be
camo a beautiful flower garden.
A WALK IN MAGNOLIA.
After the' ccrcmonios were completed many of the
crowd wandered among the tombstones and tho trees,
and those who could appreciate what they aaw, were
amply repaid for their trouble. The features of the
walk which afforded most enjoyment are almost impos
sible to bo described, and must bo Been and felt to be
1 appreciated. A pen cannot describe the picturesque
grouping of marble monuments and moss-clad oaks, the
' quick emotion at tho unexpected Bight of some familiar
name upon a tombstone, tho bitter expressions of
evanescent grief petrified by the sculptor's art, the
1 sacred quiet of the scone disturbed, and yet enhanced
1 by the soft volco of woman as abo tells her own grief,
or sympathizes with that of others. Of things that
could be noted and described, thero wero first; The
1 granite pillar commemorating the foundaUon of Magno
1 lia. It is about twelve feet high, and about four feet
1 square at the base. On it is the Inscription:
Anno Domini I860.
Edward Sebrlng. I W. O. Dukes.
G. N. Reynolds, Jr. W. 8. Walker.
W. D. Porter. | Frederick Richards.
?. C. Jonos, Architect.
Second. A monument to Gen. WILLIAM WASHINOTOK,
? the revolutionary hero of South Carolina. It consiste
of a handsome marble pedestal, ornamented by a fluted
column of the same material, some fourteen feet high,
broken at the top, and crowned with a wreath of laurel
sculptured in marble. It la surrounded by an iron
railing, which baa a gate with two revolutionary sabres
crossed, and an old rusty helmet on the top, snd the
posts of which are two cannon captured from the British
at Cowpens, where General, then Colonel, W_HT_OTON
greatly distinguished himself.
Third. What Is caUed the JONES monument, having
been erected by his wealthy widow to a returned CaU
fornian of that name, who died in this city on his way
to his home further North. It Is a tall marble abaft,
magnlficenUy sculptured, and immediately attracts the
attention and excites the admiration of the pusor by.
Fourth. A monument to Lieut. O. L. BOAO, of this
oity, who died in battle in Virginia. This monument is
i somowhat in the stile of the WASHINGTON monument,
; but not so large, and had banging from Its summit a
' wreath of real lanrel Instead of ono of msrble. It was
i otherwise very tastefully ornamented with wreaths and
; flowers, and had In front of it a llttlo altar, with these
words in black : "We mourn." Dpon tho monument
i are engraved the name, age and place of death of tho
Lleuteuant, and also the dying words of the gallant aol
, dier, which are asfollowB: "Tell thom I dio fighting in
i defence of my country, and f*rtho honor of South Oaro
The little church on tho banks of tbo stream which
. meanders through the Cemetery, always picturesque, la
. now rendered still moro so by being a ruin. It was set
v on fire either during or Just sf ter tho war, and __ the .
t interior destroyed. In a smaU space around this ruin,
enclosed by a neat woodon railing, is the burying
I H round for negroes. In another part of the comotery
i may be seen a coUoctlon of white headboards arranged
} in rows Uko soldiers at drill-that la tho federal burial
I ground. Tho porter'a lodgo is almost entirely pnUed
I down, and is the only thlntr about the Cemetery which.
would show to a casual observer that tho rude hand of
I sacrilego had ever touched the spot The burning of
> tho church Is only spparont on near approach.
, . THE TBIF DOWN.
t The aame arrangemonta which wero proridod for
t going to the Cemetery served for the return. Every
body was back in town by dark, and though somewhat
disappointed that the weather should have prevented
the occasion from being ail that it was intended to be,
? aUU well satisfied that they at least had performed ft,
r solemn duty.