Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY MORNIXG, OCTOBER ll, 1866.
LETTER PROMO. W. W.
LETTER NO. X.
PARIS, 18GG.-If I am to visit Southern France,
to sail on tho lakes of Geneva, to climb the snow?
capped Alps of Switzerland, to look upon tho mil?
lion and a half of Austrian and Prussian soldiers,
who aro standing in battle array, awaiting the or?
ders of their Generals, I must not linger too long
on the banks of tho Seine, in the Gardon of the
Tuileries, nor wander in the market places, look?
ing at the women coming in from ?neir httle country
gardens, with their long baskets strapped on their
backs, filled with vegetables to feed the millions
of hungry people, and *t the five thousand fat
butchers, with miles ot stalls filled with beef, pork,
mutton, lamb and real, and at the myriads of fish, j
and at the acr<?s of wine, beer, cider, ale, eggs, j
butter and cheese; and the "white mammaus,"
with twenty thousand baskets filled With peaches,
nectarines, pears, plums, grapes, prunes and figs,
all from the valleys and vine-clad hills of France.
But I must linger in the flower market, among the
three thousand neat gipsey girls, for they have
the ohoioeBt bouquets made from the sweetest flow,
era of Franoe. The flower markets of Paris are
very agreeable sights.
When I walk through these miles of mwkets,
and look at the immense quantities of vegetables,
beef, pork, nutton, poultry, fish, butter," cheese,
wine, beer,- eggs, fruit, etc, I .can but-ask the,
question, Where will they find purchasers for all.
these vast suppli?e? Bat when I have left the
market places, and walked through the broad
avenues and boulevards, jostled on every Bide by
the crowds of people, then I find myself asking
the' queeti?n, Ho> is this vast multitude to be fed ?
The ?reply ie, From the bountifully supplied mar
kets of Paris. These market places were origi?
nally in a cemetery. The dealers had their stalls
among the tombstones. In the course of time
burials in this cemetery were interdicted, and the
tombstones- gave place to permanent market
Moths," and at length the graveyard was dug up
arid levelled, and these long lines of markets es?
tablished.: : : ;
The cemeteries of Paris have interested me, and
I Ii ave visited several of them. Interments in
churchyards have been wisely prohibited for a
long time. The early burying grounds have all
been levelled and splendid houses.and streets
have be?n built over thom. Pere La Chaise is the
Sargest cemetery, and contains 200 acres of land.
:t is beautifully situated in the Buburba of Paria,
and ia surrounded by valleys, and commanda not
only a fine view of Paris, but of the'surrounding
country. It remains to be seen whether thia
cemetery will share the fate of ita predecessors.
The number and costliness ol its monuments, and
the celebrated names it contains, may protect it
from- the encroachments of the city for at least
ono generation. In this silent oily of the dead I
spent nearly a day in looking at the monuments
of the great men'and women of France. ,
The first monument that attracted thy attention
in.'Pera La Chaise was that of Mil. Bache!, the
celebrated actress. The last time her ?harming
TOioft was heard on the stage was in the Wetter of
1856?iu Charleston. S. O. She was thenNm her
iway io the beautiful land of Cuba, for the benefit
of her health. I went on the steamship Itabel
from Charleston to Havana with her. I stall
??ver forget her plaintive/sweet countenance.
After reaching Havana the balmy climate BO re.
vived her she made an effort, at the solicitation of
many admirers, to again appear on the stage,
bntT alfie 1 ' the: slow bUt fatal consumption had
ti) ade inroads too deep on her shattered constitu?
tum, she could not'fulfill her engagements. Poor
Rachel, on being told, that there was no hope of
her recovery," asked t? i be'dar ried to her native
land to die. After arriving in Paris she lingered
a few weeks and .was at rest. She was buried in
theiJewi?h cemetery, which is separated'from the
Christian portion by a wall. The simple inscrip?
tion of "Rachel" appears on her monument, j
' In the same enoloaure are the family vaulta of
the celebrated Rothschilds: "Rothschild" is all that
ia inscribed on tho handsome ~ but plain monu?
ment. I wa? surprised .to find tho graves ol a
number of Euglmhiaeij in this cemetery-among
them that of Midn?y t?tnithi Tho mosi e3ft*eii.<viv
xptaumont id ilia!, of Conutc??.DeniidojV. tr. re's!
on i\ huge basement of sculptured masonry, an
ii ?cessible by a flight of stairs. Tho moiiumer
Itself consists orten .columns of white marble,
The tomb is ornamented by a oushion, bearing
Infame and ooronet of the deoeased. Not far
-liom this magnificent monument is a garden, ten
feet square, which interested me more than the
solenoid' tomb of the Countess. The garden is
filled with roses, violets, lilies, etc. The short
mounds of earth indicate that, there had been six
children buried within the enclosure. On a small
marble tablet,'which' stood in the centre, is in?
scribed, "Rachel weepeth for her ohildren, and
will not b"? comforted because they are not." Here
ls a beautiful tribute of a sorrowing mother to
her beloved children. We . next como to an iron
railing enclosing the remains of the unfortunate
friend of Napoleon-Marshal Ney. No monument
marks his grave. .The ground ia laid out aa a
small flower garden^ A monument has, however
been erected at the end of Boulevard do Sebasto
Sol, on the spot where Marshal Ney was shot,
his occurred in December, 1815. '
Since the opening of Pere La Ohaise in 1804,
more than thirty million of dollars have been ex?
pended in monuments alone. The number of
tombs is 20,000, and of persons interred 325,000.
As some 50,0U0 persons die every year in Paris,
the cemeteries necessarily fill up very rapidly.
Whole families are often buried-in a space occu?
pied by ono grave-the first interment is made
very deep, and the coffins are placed over each
other, being separated by stone slabs. I saw the
seventh coffin put into ono of theso vaults. Tho
ppor are buried quite shallow, and their resting
place in the cemeteries is of very Bhort duration.
Only the rich are able to have perpetual graves
The experience is that no cemetery stands in Pa
ris more than a century. A hundred years hence
it will not make much difference with the dead
whether their bones repose in marble vaults, or
have been scattered in the valleys to make the
flowers grow more beautifully. It is the immor?
tal part of man that we aro interested in. If that
16 m a safe place, then all will be well.
?Notwithstanding there is much poverty and
Buflermg in Paris, yet the condition of the poor
has greatly improved within the past twenty
years, and if France will cultivate peace, the im?
provement will be muon greater. War has been
the curse of the Old World since the days of
Julius Caesar. The population in Europe does
not increase as with us. France had a population
in 1800 of 27,000,000; she now has 37,800,000, an
increase in sixty-five years of only 40 per cent.
3T-! BffiSr??S?11 of Paris iu 1800 w?8 700,000; now
lt is 2,000,000. It will he seen that the increase of
the city has been far greater than that of the
country. The number of births in Paris ia 60,000
per annum: 20,000 of this number are illegiti
mato-ono-third ol the inhabitants of the city
and a greater proportion in the country are not
recognized by their parents. Paris is draining
the life-blood ol the agricultural aud manufac?
turing districts by heavy taxation. A farmer re?
siding out ot Pans cannot enter the citv without
having his trunk examined by a public officer. A
poor market woman-the mother of half a dozen
little children who wades through wet and cold
for miles with her basket of vegetables strapped
on her back-is required to make a declaration
and pay tho duties. Nothing i8 exempt. The
amount of revenue derived from the agricultural
and manufacturing districts is immense- but it 'is
all needed, as tho expenses of the citv govern?
ment are startling, amounting to $40 000 U00 per
annum-being greater than the expenses of the
United States Government in its early admiuis
_The military, police, and pnblio assistance of
Paris costs $8,000,U00 per annum, and there was
expended la-it year for public works $5,000 000
Tho prosent Emperor thinks nothing of puiliu"
down ? hu. rli-Hil houses to widen Rtrapfa ?,ul u,
I Paris, brim: fin '.inland eily, trna almiUod tou..^
commerce ''cul ?>i? amount of K?,f!a.tft,'^
hundred thousand stores and shops is ^SKiT
There aro 25,000 clothing establishments in Taus.
Nearfy half a million of men and ^???
Ployed in tba shops; the wages received RITO t?em
? bare subsistence. The Emperor, io 1?-*, pur
chased 18,000 8qnare metres ?^^ b ?
Bou'evard Mazas, on which housua !
erected and rented to the poor ?WTTa. and
The Bank of France is a ???m?^X Jx5n
I is under Government control, aiu liHS tl^xcln
[sive, monopoly of i^^^^l/Sffi
i,Uei^L1D COin^.i nf ten Ailinn dollars, which
lfiOS.With: a capital ot ten mi mftQ .
has been increased toiony. three canara
governor, two dopa yjovenore, ??? J
and a TTf*?Wai?fo?y, and laid before the
ODt"f S rectore and are .published' monthly.,
Tfaeilas^staSent showed thirty millions of
i ? ? m^ in the vaults. It pays twelve to
Steen ve ' ont! To its shareholders. The lowest1
r? f of Sonnt since' 1853 was three per cent.,
t?? hhrheBt 0. JDu?"g the P*?*"?* months, when
fha ?S of interest- in the. Bank of England was
t?n rier cent.', money was abundant in Paris at
fnnr -Der cent. Napoleon has. in his council men
?rfiii versed in political economy and finance.
m" \ G. W. W.
JOHN S. FA11BLY. BUTLEDQE WILSON.
JOHN S. FAIRLY 85 CO.,
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
FANCI GOODS, WHITE GOODS,
Furnishing Goods, &c,
INVITE THE ATTENTION OP RETAIL MERCHANTS '
IN THE CITY AND THROUGHOUT THE COON
TRY, to their compl?te assortment of the above men?
tioned Oeodii, now being opened: at f, -
.... NO. 37.HA?NE;-OTR?5:ET^;...
THE OLD SITAND OF MESSRS. ' HYATT, MCBURNEY I
Sr Cpi Theil.' Stock has been selected with great care
ind a thorou gh knowledgo of the > rants of Hie Southern
jeople, acquired during many years experience In bn
tineas in thin city. "
. Op: business motto will be
Quick Sales and Short Profits.
OBDEBS WILL BE CAREFULLY AND PROMPTLY
PILLED., , t?
JOHN S. FAIRLY & CO.
The subte ri ber Ia particularly d?sirons of renewing
jusinesB relations iwlth the customers ot his old 1
louse, MARSHALL, BURGE & CO.
Ootober i 2mo J. 8. FAIRLY.
1 t - i '.. "., or ?'
WHOLESALE AN0 ?ETAIL.
THE SUBSCRIBER TAKB3 PLEASURE TO AN?
NOUNCE to the public of t ils Oily and its vloin
ty, that he has just received hi? s took of
STAPLE AND FANCY DRY GOODS,
tfhioh he viii offer at a small ad van oe on Northern
The assortment comprises every article; and Is very
?tensivo-consisting of :
Shawls, ?fcc. ? ?fcc.
The attsnyon of Merchant Tailors is particularly
called'io his large Btook of
MEDIUM AND VERY F?NB
Frenc? Broadclotlis and Cassimercs !
Ho also calls ibo attention of Miliners to bia very
large Sioofc of
OF THE LATEST STYLES.
' All of which he is prepared to offer at
KEW YORK WHOLESALE PRICES !
Merchants from the Country will And
it to their advantage to look through
his Stock? as he is prepared to hold
Nb. 306 KING ST..
BETWEEN WENTWORTH AND SOCIETY.
October 3 Imo
Fall and Winter
We are offering a large and
attractive stock of FALL AND
WINTER DRY GOODS, whioh
is now complete, embracing a
large stock of WOOLLEN
Gr 0 OD S, adapted to Planters'
With our facilities for the pur?
chase of Goods, our long expe?
rience in the Southern trade,
and knowledge of the wants of
our people, we confidently ask
an examination of our Stock.
W. T. BURGE & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS,
-iw Tr _ A rsi T r_,_L I
WHOLESALE MD RETAIL,
No. 219 King street.
WEST SIDE, '.
One Door South of Market-si,
! ' \ .',...
NOW OPENKD A LABOE AND WELL ASSORTED
FILL MD WINTER CLOTHING,
MANUFACTURED EXPRESSLY FOR THIS MARKET,
TO WHICH THE ATTENTION OF PUR?
CHASERS ARE INVITED.
COMPRISES ALL GRADES
FINE) MEDIUM AND LOW PRICED
- DRESS- SUITS ,, . ..
SACKTEES ( ,.'.'.
BLACK CLOTH FROCKS !
. CORDUROY SACKS .,
AND VELVETEEN SUITS
PLAIN AND FANG* SATINET FANTS -?
PLAIN AND FANCY AMERICAN OASSIMEftE PANTS
PLAIN ANDFANOY FRENCH OAS8IMERE PANTS
BLACK FRENCH CASSIMERE PANTS
BLACK AMERICAN OASBIMERE PANTS.
With ft great variety of. VE9XS to mstoli the above
VELVETS, CASHMERES, SILKS, 4a, bo.
A full and handsome Une of aE qualities
BEAVERS , ??j
AND WATER-PROOF TWEED,
A. kn elegant supply of BOYS'and YOUTHS' CLOTH*
Ifc'G, from ?ix to eighteen years of age, made up in
HANDSOME STYLES'and of GOOD MATERIALS.
TUs will continue to be a SPICIAL BRANCH of the
" ,Jf??RMSll GOOKS.
Tills DEPARTMENT, well suppli-id with all stylen,
special attention ls called to LIM?N B030M SUIRTH
AND COLLARS, manufiotured by one of the best
makers In the country.
A laito supply of PLANTATION CLOTHING made
np expisBly for tho Freedmen, from ENGLISH GREY
PLAIN?, In SACKS AND PANTS, well lined, anbstan
tial, aol made for service. These Suits can be supp?ed
In an ?jantity, and will be sold on sixty days' time for
4 very attractive and tho
roijgftiy assorted Stock, of New
Stjes American, English and
Fr^ch Cloths, Cassimeres, Coat?
ing and Corduroys is offered,
wljch will be made up to order
at I0DER ATE PRICES. Having
engaged an experienced Cutter,
lat?y from France, I am now
prepared to put up elegant and
wei fitting Garments in the
lat^?t Styles. This Stock of
Clots will also be sold by the
pieie or yard at low figures.
Havig enlarged the SALE? ROOM and made exten?
sive pr?arations for the 1.
FA'iL AND WINTER TEADE,
Purchairs wlU find it to their interest to examine this
assortnint previous to purchasing, as tho STOCK OF
OLOTHNG is direct from the Manufacturers, with in
structlo, to sell at
PricesFiied aol Mai? on ead Article,
WM, X ATTMESSEN,
B. V. McTUEEOUS,
-.--A-#3 AM f
\ . w A. ?i>. JJ ... 4
TEE ?lp..-:.]i/,SSTON' ? OTT S S J
,,i ' ' KlJsr?-STBEET.. i
STOi ' WEBB & OCX,'
.^SSALE DEALERS IK
POEE??l AID DOMESTIC DEY GOOBSJ
vfK HAVE NOW OPENED AND ARE ABLE To SHOW ?
LARG-EE STOCK than we have ever done before.
We woulii cali special attention of the Merchants ana V)M?4
ers visiting our City to lay in Pall Supplies to our';,WEOLEH
SALE ROOMS, which we have recently enlarged and itt od ap,;
OUR STOCK IS COMPLETE AND WELL ASSORTED IN EACH DEPARTMENT, CONTA?NjI W A LL THE'
most DESIRABLE GOODS adapted to COUNTRY STORES, Also, aU the Goods for Pla'nters'iuse suitablo for j
Freedmen, besides the privilege of selecting all of the finer classes of Geode from our retail stock, which we witt
OUT IN PATTERNS to suit purchasers, and will guarantee to sell all Goods as cheap as any noune in the city,.
FOROAijtt , . .'ff.; : y,
N. B, -TO FACTORS.-We would call the attention of Factors doing business in the city to our extendive stock'
of PLANTATION GOODS, assuring thom of every accommodation that the TIMES wfil allow.
We wiU take pleasure in showing our stook to any one that will call on ns, assuring them of every attention.
Very respeotfnUy, V
STOLL, WEBB & CO.?
AT BANCROFT'S OLD STAND, No, 287 K?NC?STREET. !
October 0 f,,<j,? ?
FASHIONABLE BOOT AND SHOE S^OBE.
--'' JOHN" WALLA?H,-:
WO. ?Seo K?3STGI- ST., OPP. BBA.XJ?'A.23SI
BOOTS, SHOES, TRUNKS, VALISES, ETC;, AT RETAIL,
JJAVING RECENTLY RETURNED FROM THE NORTH, WITH A NEW, LARGE AND VABIH' STOCK Ovj
BOOTS, SHOES, TRUNKS, VALISES, &c,
j I am prepared to favor all who may pay me a visit with Goods as cheap as the cheapest There n il! alway?, hej
found on hand, a large assor tment of Ladies and Gentlemen's (.; j
CUSTOM MADE BOOTS AND SHOES.
Also, LADIES', MISSES* and CHILDREN'S BOOTS, SHOES AND GAITERS always on lund, i
j would also call epeoial attention to my assortment of
TRAVELLING TRUNKS AND VALISES,
Being fully assured that my Stock cannot be surpassed by any dealer in thia or any city South.
^>XJ-A.3STTA.TI03Sr SHOES AND BOOTS^
FOR MBIT, WOMEN AND CHI LDREN.
t?o means or expense bai
No. 260 KING STREET, OPPOSITE BEAUFAINJ i
. $Sr Messrs. G. B. QEBSON and C. A. SPEI9SEGGER would be happy to see their f: Inv.k at rho
above establishment tuths 2mos , Octobers !
YATES & BRO.,
No. 449 KING-STREET,
FOUR DOORS IsTORTIi OF OALHOTT 1STs,
?g^EEP CONSTANTLY IN STORE A FULL AND WELL SELECTED STOCK OP
CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES,
ALI3S, WINES, lilQXJOHS, ScO. ,
WHICH THEY ARE SELLING AT REASONABLE PRICES.
. GOODS PURCHASED FROM US WILL BE DELIVERED TO ALL PARTS OF THE CITY KAU HOAD
DEPOT8, bo., WITHOUT ADDITIONAL EXPENSE.
LIBERAL INDUCEMENTS OFFERED TO THE TRADE, AT THE SIGN OF
THE "BIG PITCHI:
WILLIAM S. CORWIN & Ci
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
CHOICE FAMILY GEO OER
AND IMPORTERS OP
FINE WINES, BRANDIES, TEAS, SEGARS, ETC,
NO. 259 KING STREET, OPPOSITE HASEL, CHARLU
No. 900 Broadway, New York.
WS. CORWIN & CO. RESPECTFULLY INFORM THEIR FRIENDS AND CUSTOMERS THA'l
, arrivals they bare reoeived a NEW AND OOMPLETE ASSORTMENT OF FAMILY GROOFfi
now prepared to supply the publio at WHOLESALE OR RETAIL, at the lowest market prices. Thc
Goods and the prices need no comment, as the consumer is better able to jodge of both quality and .
lt to say that we IMPORT all our TEAS, WINES, BRANDIES, and everything of foreign growth ano
and are not only abie to dispose of them at REASONABLE PRICES, bu,t. can assure the purchase
not tampered with by paBsinM through SEVERAL HANDS, as is the custom before reaching the re
we think weare safe in saying that t?e QUALITY of our artioles CANNOT BE BXOfli-LKl?,OH
MORE SATISFACTORY. Atrialand comparison will at once prove this assertion, and it only ri
publio to JUDGE FOR THEMSELVES. Tho Stook embraces everything under the head ol
GOODS DELIVERED TO ALL PARTS OF TEE CITY, RAILR0A1
ERSE OE EXPENSE!
NOTIOE.-E.?. BEDFORD, 3. 0. R. TAYLOR and WM. H. WELCH cordially invite their Mon is. ?
assuring them that a call will not incur the least obligan to purchase.
WHOLESALE AND BETAIL DKALEB III
MILLINERY AND FANCY GOODS,
DRY GOODS TOYS &c.
U Mo.;*0)? K. IMG-STREET, Charl?*tom, W.C
Ar NEW ?URK PBIOKH.
X#" l'ortvIUo vauer copy lor two niontli?, ?nd tir.*
M>>?r "<v. f.i> -' I ? N ..v?m '
CORONER AND MAGISTRATE,
i LOMBARD & Ce
COMMISSION MERO I
AND IMPOBTEB8 AND DEALEEf
GRIND ST ON"2
NO. 13 LEWIS, .AND NO. 9 ?
Advances made on Consignments of Bl
to our address.
Eeforences, by permission: To Messrs
& Co., Mtssrs. STREET BROTHERS & Co.,
illili KA S'l'KUN ?SO. CA. JO
[S PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
the town ot Bennettnville, 8. C.? by ' .
T-rito i tjrfvM porannnmln $i