Newspaper Page Text
The Daily Fews.
SATUBDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 13, I860.
IiKTTBH ^PROMG. MV. W.
LETTE? NO. XI.
LYONS! 1866.-Aa express train ,!from Paris to
Lyons will convey you inderi hours three hundred
miles through a picturesque arid interesting por?
tion of France. On this route the soil is much
better, and in a higher state of cultivation, than
between Brest and Paris. I have seen nothing in
France to compare with the barrenness of poverty
stricken Brittany.? A traveller looks in vain for
neat and comfortable farm-houses. Tho frequent
wars in France made it necessary, in tho early j
settlement of the country, for the inhabitants to j
live in villages. The French are famous for cling?
ing to pld habits. The farmers live in low houses,
the stables, cow-stalls, and pig pens all under the
same enclosures. Instead of a neat flower gar?
den, a huge mass of manure is piled up m front
of the door. The people generally look cheerless
and comfortless, as if they found it hard work to
keep soul and body together. As yon approach a
town avenues of majestio poplars line the splen?
did macadamized roads on each side, and you are
Jjrepared to find stately mansions; but when you
ook at these trees, nearly a century old, mount?
ing more than a hundred feet in the air, and then
see the .little eqaallid houpes, ten to twenty feet
high, surrounded by scrubby weeping willows, it
looks like descending fr op.. .the sublime to the
On our route we passed through Burgundy
and Champagne, the celebrated wine dis?
tricts of France. Naar Dijon begins the
chain of hills, averaging about : 1000 feet in
height ; these are covered' with vineyards,
which,ascend in, rows on tn? sunny sides of
the hil|s, and eprsad alpng the table land on
the summit.. The vines are planted,in trench?
es two .feet:., apart, and are trained, on poles three
to four- feet high. It is ?aid , the quality of tho
grape improves with the age of the vine. The
?roung vines produce larger quantities, but of in?
ferior quality. An acre of ground will yield about
400 gallons of wine. Potatoos, clover, grass and
maize are intersperse^ with the vineyards, and the
cherry, prune, almond and walnut trees are dot?
ted over the fields. For. the red wine, grapes are
thrown into troughs and are trodden by men and
women with heavy wooden shoes 'til the grapes
are broken. They are then transferred to vats,
into which the juice of the grape, as it runs from
the treading, had been Conveyed. Fermentation
takes place generally in a few days; as it slackens
the liquor begins- to; subside, and finally sinks
^jthjn the top of the vat. The stalks and skin of
, the 'grape float on the top. The wine ie then
drawn off into large hogsheads and barrels, but is
not generally offered for: sale until it is two or
three yearB old.
The ohampagne wine ia made from a small but
extremely sweet and d?flg?ous grape. ' The prepa?
ration is much more difficult and expensive than
that of the ordinary wines. After the .champagne !
is bottled, a second fermentation is produced by
potting int3 each bottle a small glass of sugar
candy dissolved in wine.' .The bottles are closely
watched, and the temperature of the air carefully I ?
regulated, often by the age of ice, to promote or ]
check fermentation; ?fi.fls said at least ten per j
cent, of the bottles buist from fermentation. The
high price pf genuine ohampagne may be ac?
counted forby the loria from breakage and the
cost Of manufacture, acid'th? immense demand
for it. - You seldom see the Frenchmen drinking
champagne. The cheap claret and beer are their |
As we proceed South, wc pass through a num?
ber of fertile valleys, filled with orchards and green
pastares, on which some fine herds of cattle and
sheep are to be seen, and frequently immense
flocks of geese anddtioke. 'You seldom see. chick?
ens around the farm houses, but the splendid fat
eow is the most comfortable looking animal in or
out of the establishment.
And now we are in the beautiful city of
Lyens. Like the city of Charleston, it nestles
between two rivers, the Rhone and the Saone.
Lyons was founded about GOO, B. C. Few eitlen
possess historical associations of auoh deep
?nd thrilling interest. Large silk manufactures
were established here as: early as 1150. It was
here that the Roman Catholics and Protestants:
carried on a war ia the sixteenth century, which
was only exceeded in atrocity by the French Revo?
lution of 1793. At that period Lyons was the
scooted city in France in size and pcpulatieu, and
Sperior to Paris1 in commerce and manufactures,,
1793 the Jacobins, under Chalier, made, an
' attack on Lyons; the merchants and manufactu ?
rers united with the royalists, and, after great
slaughter on both' sides, were victorious. The
notorious Cnalier was oap tur od, and the guillo?
tine, which.he had sent from Paris to destroy his
enemies, was Used in severing bis own head. This
only the more excited the Jacobins, who were led
on ?by auch bloodthirsty men as Robespierre, Tl
Marat, Oalet d'Her bois, Fochie, and others. 11
Thc National Convention ordered Kellermann,
commander of the Jacobin troops, to concentrate \
his forces around Lyons. The loyalists, priests,
and royal families.had fled, Jo Lyons from Paris
and from all quarters. The city was under the
command of Pi'eoy, who, with 80,000 citizens and
refugees; gallantly defended it for more than two
months, v Lyons was not surrendered .until 40,000
had perished by shot, shell and fire. The royal
forces were reduced to a few thousand, their am-'
munition exhaust'd; famine and disease arrested
the power of all further resistance. Preoy, with
8000. of his - brave comrades, made their "escape
from the city, but were pursued, and the moat of
them slain. The total annihilation of Lyons ws,s
decreed by the National Convention, and faith?
fully carried out. It was ordered that the very
name of the city should perish, and it should i
henceforth be knownas tho Free City. A monti- j
ment w\s erected amid the ruins, with tho int erip- ?
tion : "Lyons t?ok'up arms against Liberty-Lv
ons is BO more." Th? Jacobina, after the fall bf j
the city, to further eurage thu soldiers, exhibited i
in tho streets an urn containing the ashes of
Ohalier. "Cbalier," exclaimod Fouche, "The
Mood; of the aristocrats shall be the incense we [
will offer you. We have sworn that the people
shall be avenged, and all that vice and crime have
erected shall be destroyed. The traveller shall I
behold, in.thoruins of this superb and rebellious j
city, naught save a few huts inhabited by tho
friends of equality."
More thau 20.0Q0 men were employed for weeks
' in destroying Lyons. The priaons? dungeons and
cellars were filled to overflowing with the citizens
and .the royal families who had taken refuge in
the city. The guillotine was kept at work night
and day, until the public aquire became so flood?
ed with human blood that the Terrorist Chiefa,
fearing to rouse tho sensibility of the people, de>
oided ou a wholesale massacre. The prisoners
were conveyed on the oppoaido of the Rhone. As
they, marched through the streeta in chains, to
the place of execution, they united in singing:
"To die for one's country
I? the happiest and most enviable fate."
They were placed in 'long lines of a hundred
each and mowed down with grape and musketry
ThoBe who caenped immediate doath were charged
upon by tho cavalry, and with the horses'feet, sa?
bre and pistol shots, were alain to the last victim
Their bodies were thrown into tho Rhone. Thus
perished the flower ami youth of Lyona, and thoae
who had taken reluge from the surrounding coun
try. Tho clergy, nobility, citizona aud tradesmen,
all who oppoaed Jacobinism, shared asimilar fate
The Reign of Terror wa, at itB height. Reaaon,
religion and justice had fled. Tho teachings ot
"the Jacobins were, that all things were'admiasa
-ble to those who acted in tuc spirit of the revolu?
tion (or the devil). From those who- opposed
them, life, property and everything wai to be
taken. The rich *ore to bo striped ot- th .
wealth under the plea of replenishing the Nation?
al Treasury, i. e , iheir own lustful pockets. All
forms of worship were abolished. The Hornau
Catholic was as obnoxious as thc Protestant. Tho
Republican's God waa bia country 1 Fouche, ou |
enterin? the city, issued tho following proclama?
tion . "AH those who favored rebellion in any '
manner havo forfeited their heads to the block.
If vou are patriots .\ou will be able to distinguish1
vour friends; you will tcquestrato all others-let I
no consideration st-.-p you, neither ago, sex nor |
relationship. Take by foroo all that a oitizen has !
that is superfluous for any man to have; more
than lio requires ia an abuse. Extirpate all forms
of worship; elevate the Temple ol Reason. Aid us
in striking these great blows, or we shall our?
selves strike you.
What a pity Butler and Brownlow were not born
in France instead of America. They are as full of
the Jacobin spirit as Robespierre or Fouche. There
aro men now living in Lyons who witnoseed the
horrid massacre of. IVJd. They have seen the
beautiful city which ?as levelled to tho ground,
and the plowshare ordered to pass over its edifices,
spring again into life and prosperity. So may it
be with the deBOlated cities of our.own Snuny
one of the mosi/,i"?F??"??? miuwercnu ann manu?
facturing cities of Franco. There aro 8000 estab?
lishments for the manufacturo of silk, employing
30 OOO looms. In the manufacture of Bilk Lyons
oui-passes any city in Europe. The weavers are a
boisterous set. In 1834 there was a revolt amongst
them, and they held the city for several days.
They were put down by the military, but not until
several thousand were killed. It was found for a
long time necessary to keep a standing army in
Lyons of 30,000 to preserve order. A large num?
ber of the male operatives have gone into the
army, and the women have taken their places at
the looms, and are not so difficult to manage. A
aommercial tribunal has been established, com?
posed half of masters and half of workmen, to
settle .disputes respecting wages, &o. This coun?
cil has been found to work well. From the Ob
jervatory you have a magnificent view of the city
md surrounding country, and I waa told we
jould see Mont Blane; there was, however, too
nuoh smoke arising from the, faotory chimneys to
iee a hundred miles in the distance.
In Lyons I hear the familiar buzz of the mos
Etitoes, and feel their friendly embrace; I am
us keenly reminded Of my own sunny home.
?_- _G. W.jW.
No. 37 Broad Street,
BEOS TO INFORM HI8 FRIENDS AND THE PUB?
LIC generally that he has now a full STOCK of
FALL AND WINTER GOODS,
TRENCH, ENGLISH AND AMERICAN OAS8I
MER?S, SILK "VELVETS, CASSIMERE VEST?
INGS, ENGLISH AND FRENCH
BROADCLOTHS, DOE8KIN, AND
- BUSINESS COATINGS, OF
WHICH HE OFFERS
SUITS AT $40.
A COMPLETE ASSORTMENT OF
? CONSISTING 07:
JAMB'S WOOL1 AND MERINO UNDERSHIRTS,
CANTON FLANNEL DRAWERS, ENGLISH
SOCKS, ALEXANDERS' KID
He wpnld call special attention to the' popular and
OF WHICH HE HAS A FULL ASSORTMENT.
October 8 6
OLD AND WELL KNOWN STAND
Edgerton & Richards,
Io, %% BR??B-ST?EET.
rHB SUBSCRIBES BEGS TO INFORM HIS FRIENDS
a?d tfce PuMte generally fast he ls now rwesving
ils stock of
FALL AND WIN?1S GOODS,
LACK AND COLORED CLOTHS
Jsok and Fanoy Cassimeres in great variety of stylos
?aver and Pilot Cloths
lam and Figured Velvet, Silk and Oassimero Vestings
All of which are of the
?est Fereign anfl Domestic Mannfactnre.
I take pleasure in informing the Pnblio that having
?cured the services of one of
THE BEST CUTTERS
i the country, who, from his extensive experience both I,
i Enrope and America, 1B prepared to guarantee a flt
As Successor of Edgerton & Richards,
wonld inform the old patrons of tho establishment
nt I have their
ill Orders from their,Former Customers
AT A DISTANCE WITH SATISFACTION.
J. S. PHILLIPS.
October 8 lm
GOODBICH, WINEMAN & WI
No. 153 MEETING STREET,
rOKMEULY JOHN ASHHUHST AND CO.)
EORGE C. GOODRICH, )
HILIP WINEMAN, > SOUTH CAROLINA.
OHN ASHHUR9T, j
?TTE HAVE NOW ON HAND A COMPLETE ASSORT
VV MENT OF CHOICE
?LL OF WniClI HAS BEEN SELECTED WITH
CARE, AND WILL BE SOLD TO FIRST-CLASS BUY
ERS AT LOWEST PRICES.
October ll [August 1] Cmos
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.
rnHE SUBSCRIBER TAKE3 PLEA8URE TO AN
X NOUNOifi to the pubiio of t ils Oity and ita Ticin
ity, that he has just received hie stock of
STAPLE AND FANCY DRY GOODS,
Which he will offer at a small advanoe on Northern
The aaportment ooniprisea every articlo, and is very
Shawls, ?fee.? tfec.
The attention of Merchant Tailors is particularly
called to his large Stock of
MEDIUM AND VERY FINE
Freuet1 Broaflclotlis and Castores !
He also calla the attention of Miliners to his very
large Stock of
OF THE LATEST STYLES.
All of which he is prepared to offer at
KEW TOBE WHOLESALE PRICES !
Merchants from the Country will And
it to their advantage to look through
his Stock, as he is prepared to hold
No. 306 KING ST.,
BETWEEN WENTWORTH AND SOCIETY. ,
October 2 _lm0 .
JOHN S. FAIRLY.. BUTLEDGB WlttSON.
JOHN S. FAIRLY & CO.,
WHOLESALE DEALERS Iff
FANCY GOODS, WHITE GOODS,
Furnishing Goods, &c,
INVITE THE ATTENTION OP RETAIL MERCHANTS
IN THE OIT? AND THROUGHOUT THE COUN?
TRY, to their complete assortment of the above men- I
tioned Goods, now being opened at I
NO. 37 OAYNE-STREET,
THU OLD STAND OF MESSRS. HYATT, MoBURNBY.
A 00. Tneir Steck ha? boen aeleated wita great oare ?
and a thoroagh knowledge of tko wants of t he t?o*theft
people, acuuired during many years exparlince aa bn
sileas tn taft tity.i. ?
Onrbwinasa mom will bo
Quick Sales and Shor t Profits.
?BOERS TJU BE OABBF?LLY AUB PSOMFILY
JOHN S. FAIRLY & GO.
The adbrsriber ta pnrtfeotariy deatoo? rf i?ewtot
business relations (with the customers o? his ol?
bouse, MARSHALL, BURSE A CO.
October 4_2mo_J. 8. FAIRLY.
TSE SUBSCRIBER HAS OPENED A COMPLETE
TO WHICH THE ATTENTION OP PURCHA?
SERS IS RESPECTFULLY SOLICITED.
JAMES B. BETTS,
3STO. SSS KINQ-STRBE?T,
Fall and Winter
We are offering a large and
attractive stock of PALL AND
WINTER DRY GOODS, which
Ls now complete, embracing a
Lange sto?k of WOOLLEN
GOODS, adapted to Planters'
With out1 facilities for the pur?
chase of Goods, our long expe?
rience in the Southern trade,
and knowledge of the wants of
our people, we confidently ask
an examination of our Stock.
W. T. BURGE & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS,
No. 45 Ha vue st.
MOSES GOLDSMITH & SON,
NOS. i, HAND 8 VENDUE R/NGE,
Wn0-LPALEDEALERS IN IRON, METALS,WOOL,
Will Ee,et Wa*' Cottc'" llIld Stores.
irtiPlM v. bI?bcst Cil?h priro for any ot the above
?iONHrT.K.!fP,coi8tantly on lwul as assortment of
.VND i'WlNfc'* 111 <s' uao- A,R0- ROPE, BAH UNG
.xxv ?wiA?, tuths3moH July 2*
TEE CHAELESTON HOUSE,
No. 287 KING-STBEET.
STOLL, WEBB & CO,
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC DEY GOODS.
WE HAVE NOW OPENED AND ARE ABLE TO SHOW A.
LARGER STOCK than we have ever done before.
We would call special attention of the Merchants and Plant?
ers; visiting our City to lay in Pall Supplies to OU? WHOLE?
SALE BOOMS, which we have recently enlarged and atted up.
mm D?8IBABLB GOODS adapted to COUNTBY 8TOBE8. Also, ^Mg??H^
Freedmen, benldefl the privilege of selecting"all of the-finer olasses?of Gooda fro? our retaU stock, whichwe*fl,
OUTlTp?TTERN?l tosnit phasers, and will guarantee to sell all Goods aa oheapaaanyhouseinthecl?},
FNRB.-T? FA0TOB8.-We would call the attention of Factors doing.h^ln^B tothe^Ity to our extensive stock,
of PLANTATION GOODS, assuring them of every accommodation that the TIMER wUTaUow.
WelriU take plewnre ?i showing our stock to any one that will call on ns, assuring them of every attention.
Very respectfully, . ' .
STOLL, WEBB & CO., ?
AT BANCROFT'S OLD STAND, No. 287 KINfl-STBEET;
October 9 tntha <;
FASHIONABLE BOOT AND SHOE STOER
3STO. SSO KIXTC* ST., OPP.
BOOTS, SHOES, TR?NKsTv?LISES, ETC, AT BETAIL :
TTAVING RECENTLY EET?BNED PBOM THE NORTH, WITH A NEW, LARGE AND VARIED BTOOB; OF
BOOTS, SHOES, TRUNKS, VALISES, &c,
I am prepared to favor all who may pay me a visit with Goods as cheap as the oheapest. Taere will slwava hu
found on hand, a large assortment of Ladies and Gentlemen's i . ? . ; '
CUSTOM MADE BOOTS AND SHOES.
, Also, JjADrE8', MISSES' and CHILDREN'S BOOTS/SHOES AND GAITERS always on hand. I
[ would also call special attention to mj assortment of *
TRAVELLING TRUNKS AND VALISES,
I Being fully asaired that my Stock cannot be surpassed by any dealer in this or any olty South.
D?LA3SrTA.TI03ST SHOES AND BOOTS,
FOK 4sEN, WOMMJlf AWD CHILDREN.
No means or expense have been snared to.aub? my present Steok one of the most attractive: and..
as all the goods have been eelooted by myself inperson, I can'warrant satisfaction to all who may
givemeaoall. ?"Do NOT FORGET THE NUMBER.*?*
No. 260 KING STREET, OPPOSITE BEAUFAIN.
t?r Mesera. G. B. GIBSON and O. A. SPEI8?3EGGER would be happy to see their friends at the
abotji establishment. .tttthj ??ns _ _ Ojotofe? i
CHOICE FAMILY SOCEEIES.
YATES M BRO,
No. 449 KING-STREET,
IFOTTiR IDOO?IS ISIOiRTl? OP OALHOU3ST,,
jg^EEP CONSTANTLY IN STORE A FOLL AND WELL SELECTED STOCK OF
OHOIOB FAMILY OROOERIBB,
AliBS, WINES, LIQUORS, ?SBO.,
WHICH THEY ARE SELLING AT REASONABLE PRICES.
GOODS PURCHASED FROM ?8 WILL BE DELIVERED TO ALL PARTS OF THE CITY, RAILROAD
DEPOTS, &c, WITHOUT ADDITIONAL EXPENSE.
LIBERAL INDUCEMENTS OFFERED TO THE TRADE, AT THE SIGN OF
THE "BIG PITCHER."
WILLIAM S. COBWIN & CO.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
CHOICE FAMILY GROOEEIES.
AND IMPORTERS OF *
FINE WINES, BRANDIES, TEAS, SEGARS, ETC.
NO. 259 KING STREET, OPPOSITE HASEL, CHARLESTON,
No. 900 Broadway, New York.
WS CORWIN & 00. RESPECTFULLY INFORM THEIR FR. ENDS AND CUSTOMERS THAT BT BEOENT
. arrivals they have received a NEW AND COMPLETE ASSORTMENT OF FAMILY GRO0ERIE8, and are
now prepared to supply the public at WH0LE8ALE OR RETAIL, at tho lowest market prices. The W?U7?"2T
Goods ami tho prices ueod no cominont, as the consumer is better able to judge of both quality and pries. ?n?"f
lt to say lhat we IMPORT all our TEAS, WINES, BRANDIES, and everything of foreign growth and nian'i'Mrare,
and are nut only able to dispose of thom at REASONABLE PRICES, but eau assure thu purchasor that "6? *T
not taraperod with by passing through SEVERAL HANDS, as ls the custom before reaching tho retail ae?ier,wia
we think we are safe In saying that too QUALITY of our articles CANNOT BE EXCELLED, OB THE
MORE SATISFACTORY. Atrialand comparison will at once provo this assertion, and it only remain? mr we
public to JUDGE FOR THEMSELVES. Tue Stook embraces everything undor tho head of
GOODS DELIVERED TO ALL PARTS OF THE CITY, RAILROAD DEPOTS
FEEE OF 5XPENSEI
'NOTIOE.-E. E. BEDFORD, J. 0. R. TAYLOR and WM. H. WELCH cordially iuvita Iheir friends to No.; 269
assuring them that a call will not incur the least obligan to purchase. thstu _August ?a
S. T, ROBINSON & SON,
Charleston,, 8- C.
S. T, ROBINSON, JOHN ROBINSON.
?ATE OF CALDWELL 4 KOiilNSON.
I Septembers stuth'Jmos .
J REEVE GIBBES,
No. 2, Comer Broad and Cliurcili sis.,
No. 7 Faiiderltorst's Wharf.
?B* Orders and consignments of COTTON, BIOEi
NAVAL STORES, PROVISIONS, PRODUCE, &C" so?
licited amo goptember 25