Newspaper Page Text
FBn>AY MOBNITO, NOVEMBER 9. 1866.
[/.Vant ?'ie Temple. Har Magasin.]
'The Bold Buuoanoor 'spoke' the Lively
Nancy." The newspaparsaay tina or somo
thitv very like it ; ??.ntl they tell also of the
Bold Buoeancer speaking ?any others, and
of the Lively Nancy being "spoken" by
many in turn- Tlicse and other ships are,
in fact, Bpo iking on all the oceans and so;ia,
and although thoir language is a very quiet
one it in oxproasWo 1er the immediate ob
ject in view. Dipping ft little deeper, a
reader find* th it the newspapers are indebt
ed for tliis information to a mysterious
being named Lloyd, whom nobody ever
gees, but every ono talks about ; who is re
puted to keep a coffee house, though no one
would know whore to find it ; who keeps u
List and a Register, but does not sell any
thing at his eoffeo-house, or entertain any
Tho preliminary condition of all this sup
ply of ship news is, that every ship must
have a name, an appellation which will dis
tinguish hor from all other ships. The
necossity for this is felt for ships almost as
much as human beings, and has been ac
knowledged almost from the earliest times.
As a shipownor is undor little or no con
trol in the matter, the variety of names be
comes something rather formidable. In
Roman Catholic countries tho names of
saints aro largely adoptod as the names of
ships-more generally, however, in past
timos than at present. Among the forty or
fifty thousand vessels that now hoist the
British flag, ponetrating into every sea and
almost every river in the world, cither for
warlike demonstration or for peaceful com
merce; what a medley of names wc meet
with ! The surname and christian name of
the owner ol' the ship j the christian names
of his wife, sons, aud daughters, or of his
sweetheart if he be a bachelor; the names of
royal and high-born personages ; the names
of men who havo rendered themselves fa
mous by deeds of arms or services in states
manship ; the names of women who have
gathered a halo around them by their deeds
of goodness ;-all aro among the items
open to the sponsors of ships. And so arc
the names ol' jewels, Btars, planets, plants,
birds, fishes, insects ; of oceaus, seas, gulfs,
lakes, rivers; of countries, continents, isl
ands, mountains, valleys ; of volcanoes,
geysers, avalanches, torrents, rapids, cata
racts ;-all are looked upon as fair game.
The characters in Shakspeare's plays sup
ply a goodly variety, as witness Macduff,
Othello, Desdemona, Hamlet, Ophelia, Ro
meo, Juliet, King Lear, Cordelia, Cyinbc
line, Imogone, Portia, Prospero, Miranda,
Caliban, Oboron, Titania, Puck, Arielv and
Hotspur. In a similar way the characters
in popular novels, poems and songs havo
boon invited to the christening. What
may be called fanoy names-the Flying
Foam, the Happy-go-lucky, the Sauoy Jane,
the Lightning Flash, the Good Intent, the
Little Wonder, and the like-are in great
request. All this is very well so long as
the owner is concerned only with his own
ship ; but when he wishes to exchange
kindly services with his brother shipown
ers, to give and receive information relating
to the wants and whereabouts of vessels at
nea, then it becomes a matter of import
ance that confusion should Le avoided in
tho identification of the several ships. The
Victoria, for instance, is of course, a very
good name for a ship belonging to a loyal
Englishman ; but what if there be ten,
twenty, or tilly ships of that name ? The
Victoria of Liverpool is more precise ; but
tho difficulty is not wholly removod even
now, for there is a plurality of Victorias at
that famous port. If wo were to say Mes
srs. Cotton &. Rale's merchant ship Victo
ria of Liverpool, the designation would be
come too clumsy and lengthy for conve
nient uso in signaling.
But how about Lloyd? Who is Lloyd ?
and what has he to do with ships and ships'
names ? The truth is, marine insurance is
the link of connection here. Nearly all
ships belonging to the Mercantile Marine,
though none belonging to tho Royal Navy,
arc insured against tho varied danjprs of
the seas, either by individual capitalists,
known as underwriters, or by joiut sock
marino insurance companies. During ihc
latter hall" of the last century, one Mr. Lloyl
kept a coffee house near the Royal Ex.
change, much frequented by city men, not! J,
?imply for the beverage which gave ita
name, but at a placo of meeting for the
transaction ol' business. We have many
such now-trarraway's, the Baltic, the Je
rusalem, the South American, &c. One
room in this coffee houso was appropriated
to the use of a committee of underwriters
as a place of meeting. Hence Lloyd's, or
Lloyd's coffee house, became known to all
city men as a place connected with the in
surance of ships. Lloyd in due time was
gathered tobin fathers, and the coffee houso
disappeared to make way for now streets
and handsome buildings ; still tho name
ching to the society, and has done ao ever
since. For a lime the meetings were held
at the South Soo House ; but since the new
Royal Bxchango has boon built, tho socie
ty has occupied a set of rooms in that build
ing. The moraban are not merely under
writers. More than a century ago a socie
ty of underwriters was formed, and about
eighty years ago a society of shipowners.
In 1834 a new Lloyd's was formed by com
bining underwriters, ahipownors, insura~.ee
brokera, and shipping merchants in one so
ciety or committee. The old Lloyd's, or
UnderwriteT' Society, held mainly in view
the preparation and annual publication of a
Rogister of British morchant shipping, no
tifying the agc, burthen, quality, and con
dition of all tho vessels. Tnis Register is of
groat convenience to underwritoreand ship
owners, in establishing the equity of the
torras of insurance for any particular ship.
The members of Lloyd's pay an annual fee,
for which they have the use of an under
writer's room, a captain's room, a reading
room, an inquiry office, and other apart
monta. Tho affairs aro managed by a com
tnittoo, comprising equal numbers of ship
owners, underwriters and morohanta. The
primary objoct of all tho members alike is
to give what may bo called a character to
every ship in tho British merchant service;
an estimate founded on her size, shape,
build, materials, ago and condition. A
merchant can thus tell whether ti ship in
which his goods arc about to bo placed is
likely to be trustworthy, or has a "good
character ;" an underwriter can tell wheth
er a ship which he is about to insure should
pay a high or low rato of premium-the
higher according to its agc or unsound
noss ; and shipowners can tell what ought
to be the relative values of different ships
by the same test. To ascertain the charac
ters of ships in this way is a formidable
work. In the earlier days of the system,
the committee classified ships merely ac
cording to their ages and the places where
thoy were built ; ranking ns "first-class"
those built within a certain number of
years, and "accoud-class" those older than
this limit. Or, moro precisely, they were
divided into classes A, E, I, and O, accord
ing to the ago of tho hull, and into sub
classes 1, 2, and 3, according to the rigging.
But this rude method has been superseded
by one more reasonable and discriminating,
which would take tho actual present condi
tion of the ship into view ; seeing that a
sound, substantial old ship is more worthy
of respect, than a cheaply built new one.
Survoyors aro appointed by Lloyd's Com
niittco at all the chief ship building ports
to report upon the ships. As it is optional
with every shipowner whether he will be
long to Lloyd's or not, so is it free to him
to determiue whether his ship shall under
go this scrutiny ; but he can obtain better
freights and easier insurance if his ship
ranks well at Lloyd's and therefore it is
usually worth his while to pay the fee in
curred for this purpose. The surveyor
ascertains the age of the vessel, the kimi of
timber mostly employed in her construc
tion, the style of build, the wear and tear
she has received, the amount and kind of
repair she has undergone, and her present
condition. All these particulars are taken
into account in giving her a rank or posi
tion. The phrase or designation Al. for
anything that is first-rate of its kind, is bor
rowed from the phraseology of Lloyd's
Register. A kind of biography of every
Bhip is kept up ; for as in the natural course
of things agc brings on deterioration in a
ship, tho rank in lSGomay not be the same
as in 1864. Tho surveyors record their
surveys sufficiently often to make their
register truthful as concerns the actual con
dition of the ships.
Lloyd the mysterious becomes, then,
practically a book-a register with which
the general public havo not much to do
containing items of information concerning
? ship's owner, captain, port, agc, materials,
?tate of repair, &c. Or rather, this is one
half of Lloyd, who has a sort of mystical
double existence. The other half consists
of a List, known equally by Lloyd's name.
Shipping intelligence is obtained from al
most every port on the globe -by agents in
correspondence with Lloyd's, notifying the
irrival and departure-""of-all ships, ships
'spokeu with" at sea, and ships wrecked or
lamagcd. This information is regularly
cooked, and is afterwards published as
Lloyd's List. Most of the ship news in the
laily papers is obtained from this List.
Lloyd's Register and Lloyd's List belong to
md are managed by two different conm?t
eos, but they are both emanations of the
mc great invisible Lloyd.
A ship "spoken with" at sea ! It is a
?lirions proceeding, whether regarded in
?onncction with matters ashore or matters
.float. Not only is it important for ship
?wners, shippers, underwriters, and the
clatlves and friends of passengers and
rews, to know something of the wherea
louts of a particular ship at a particular
iine, but tho captain of a ship may anxious
y desire to give or re?oive some informa
ion or make some request. How is this to
io done, when ships pass each other on the
?coan ? They caunot with safety, and
without losing time, approach sufficiently
?lose for the captains to converso viva Wire.
>vcn with the aid of a mammoth speaking
rumpct. This could be done by the Sibyl
tnd tho Syren wheu they pass each other
>n their voyages to and from Greenwich;
mt on the broad and rough ocean it is a
'ery different affair. The talking is car
ied on by flags. Flags of different shapes
md colors aro hoisted ; and the order in
vhich thoy arc shown indicates the ship's
lame, or any one among a large number of
fchrascs, sentences, questions and answers.
A very elaborate code or vocabulary is ne
coisary for the working out of such a sys
tem. In 1854, a Mercantile Shipping Act
waapassed, which, among other things, re
quire that every merchant ship in the Bri
tish ampire should havo a particular num
ber, vhich should belong to it irrevocably,
and slould be different from tho number
bclongug to any other ship. Thero were
35,000 British merchant ships then exist
ing ; ml as a thousand or so are added
every year, to meet tho demands of increas-1
ing couuierco, and to replace old ships bro- ti
ken up, tie aggregato must now be greatly
over 40,00. Tho official number for each
ship under the control of the Board of
Trado ia marked on the mainboam, and
written on ho certificate of registry, and
the owner is vot allowed to change it. If
ship No. 36,4?j meets ahip No. 40,377 on
tho ocean, eachcaptain wants to know the
number of the ober ship ; he ascertains it,
and then, by refcring to a code or vocabu
lary prepared by ho Board, he can tell the
name of the ahip, i\o tonnage, and the port
to which she belokrs. True, he can tell
thia if ho ascertain ?\Q number ; but there
is the difficulty. In^nious mon havo de
vised systems of orbiting flags in such
modes as to denote noenda. At least a
dosen such systems hai*. boen adopted,each
inventor, of oonrse, inWing that his waa
the best. The Board V Trade, in 1856,
appointed a committee toWmine all these
systems, with a view to Wrmine which
waa tho best, or whether Uew one oou]d
be devised better than anj> f them. The
inquiry resulted in tho preparation of a
Commercial Code of Signals, whioh is now
used by the Royal Navy as woll as by tho
Mercantile Marino. The Board of Trade
determines what shall be the official num
ber of each ship, but the Commercial Code
determines how to express this number by
letters and flags. The Talavera of Liver
pool, a sailing vessel of 437 tons, may chango
owners, or may change ports ; but she will
always, as long as she remains on the Regis
ter ol' British Shipping, be the Talavera ;
she will always have the 9,999, and this
number will always be represented by the
flag signal K LQN. The Clara of Glou
cester, as another instance, whether she
changes owners and ports or not, will con
tinue to be the Clara, with the number
12,3-15, and the sigual L B K W.
H vory signal Han represents n lottor, and tho
new Cmlo haa oigtitoen connon-vu t lottere repro
sonted by an oqit'l mun bur of (lags, bhowing not
moro than four flags at a time, there aro nearly
HO.OOO different purmutati ma or ways in which
Miuy may bo arranged. ?Schoolboy* will under
stand this whon they bear in mind thoir famous
problem about the persona wbo nat down to ditt
mer in different onli r overy dny ; and lock piokora
will umlmntttml it when thoy coaut up the mil
lions of ways in whioh a puzzle-look may bo ad
J anted. If we wore to add tho Kroup* of Aro flags
ut & timo, tho number of permutations would be
moro than a million. The authorities havo
agreed that80,000 will bo enough for till prHotioal
i ur poa 08 ; and there can act nully be noarly 80,000
different and diatinat iiiKiialu nvulo by means of
tiKhteon flags, nevermore than four fl iga hoiated
at a time. The flags are of three diflbrent shapes:
(i e square ?*u, about 8 feet by 6 ; the burgee, a
aqaaro flag with a sort ot notch m the front edue;
mai the petulant, a triangular strip, 15 fout long
b> 5 at tho liroadoutond. They differ still more
widely in color and pattern ; red all over, & red
spot on a whito ground, blao and white stripes,
two vertical ?tripos of blue and yellow, a bine
oroas on a whito gronnd, a white square spot on H
hliH) ground, a hine square spot on a white
ground, two vertical stripes of red and white, a
white cross on a blue ground, vertical stripes of
red, white and blue, and so on. Each flig has al
ways the same symbolic meaning ; ilma a pen
dant orolongatod triangular flag, with a rod spot
on a ?hito ?round, always means G ; but what C
means, the Codo or Vocabulary determines.
The committoo appointed by tho Board of Trade
.ep'.rtod that any good code of signals should
''afford a ready moans of making known to aigual
stations, or when ahqu pass each oilier at t-oa,
tho identity of particular vessels, so that their
propreM and whoro'bouta may bo correctly re
p -ried ; of communicating al sea the minis and
wisbos of masters or captains ; and of extending
the means of intercourse to tho vessolsof all CHU .
mc?, by the establishment of an international
codo of signals." Accordingly, the 80,000 poasiblo
ii iiibinatious abovo advi rtod to aro uiailo nvaila
bio fur a largo budgot of sea gossip. There being
.HKIIICL'II flags, there may be enlucen signals of
.iii' ii i? each, and it is arrangud that those shall
-ignif^ suoli usefnl littlo wi TJB as "Yes," *No,"
io. Tho groups of two flags eaoh amount to mo
jr three hundred varieties, and lurnish many sig
aals useful on enipboard ;such, lorinstauco, as at
i-ntH'U aim deinaud signals, of which 'Show your
maign," and "Pay attention," an- cxiniplon ; B?K
iale tu denoto the points Ot iho compass, awleig
iilauf disiri-as on i-liiphoard, such NU 'On tire,"
'Fire cains rapidly," ?to. Tho gronpa of thr< e
laga oach furnish varieties ?mouutiug to some
.hoiisauds in number. First Oomes a series rela
ingto mftny of the troubles Incident to shipping
ib .i donuiont if ship, ship aground, caps zing,
.olhuiMii, dismasliug, springing a leak, waier-log
;iuK, t?o. ; then a sene? re?a in g to news, news
mpers, lot torc, diapatahos, mails a> d the liko ;
iext a Herios of questions and information cou
leruiog crew, captain and paesougora ; ihunauoth
?r !.. laang to ship's place, ship's rockouing. nau
ical instruments, observation? and the like; then
i aeries of short phrases be?ring relation to a
hip's ?ttinga, provisions, engines, and bullers ;
nid l<Mtlyt another ooi.corning anohorage, souud
ngo, lights, landmarks, buoys, beaoons, pilotage,
neerin.*, tidna, currents, and other matters rola
ing to the oiimintc . f a ?hip to harbor-all those
>xpre*eed by hoisting three ?tna, varying in
ihapii, olor, patt?ru and arrtugemeut. The
;rmi|)B of four flags are, ho wovor, the ran-t im
lortant of tho mintie, seem* that thev amount to
otneiliing lik 70.1)1)0 ii nomb-r. Here it is that
re flud the ofSoial numbera of ?hipa eymb lized
igns l'y which w?- m tv identify overy'ahip in ih
intiah Empire, whether Dahinging t<? tim Rn\al
lavy or to the M^ruhaut Service. The-e, asiir
i. ve said, are bt wen 40,000 and 60,000 in num
ter ; ?nd alter ih>-y are em <-?<d, there ?re m ?nv
houMKinl on ippp-piiated groupings of f-inr fliijs,
vadablr* t' r signaling ? ther mat era relating to
hi, s and their uiupovmutit. There ar.- vii.
amen of places, it-lands, s< a-, headlands, Ac , all
ver the world ; thiTU te u v<ry .-xton^ire vecahn
?ry of win* e, phrat-cs ann sentences uat fut in
i^i imno in itii is; "lui th-ro ia a lis? or au Ort
yil.ibloi. available in the construction or wnrite
in in tho v. c.ihliibiry. AIM! thus ti id that ?otu?
mu um? ni" oilier is aitaoh'-d to alnmst-ovorv pos
ible combinan-.n of ibu flags, lu groupa of one,
*?., Ihr? o. "r four eaeii.
But, it i.v.ay bv asked, h iw do the sailors, eap
UbM aud *igu?lni>u k"--vv the txact iu<-auing ol
very coro'iiuatn-n of flag? ? Can they commit
I) 000 ?iguals an J com'Hint lou? io m.-in r> ? A?
uredly not. 'lo assisi them, a 0>>n>meici*l C de
t Bigie?!? ha? been pn pared, in au outavo volume.
Wriy fl ig, according tu ita shape, color and psl
31'n, repieseu-s a pnrtieulnr Inner ; every grotto
f undi fl i?a repn-seuts a particular group of let
?r? , and every group oi lutiers bas a particular
loaning in rotation to ?-hips and maritime allai n.
'MIS, lu reforeiico to a ship's atores, K II [,, the
atna*of three p-trticniar fltus disposed in a mir
rular way, always denuto "tea ; ' and K li Q,
niiK'ur." In r latiuu to other ma it- ia. N tt
oniit im aetartliugcomhiiiaiion <>f two 11 g , foi
; doiiot? a "o Ore;" while N P denotes "lire
?uns r.pi Hy ;" wliurma N Q Kivm the inform t'ion
lir . u-iiiiil be extiuKiii-hii'i with unmo natu ai-..."
,'-t us euppoa iliii two abipi meet at sea O o
oiotB nu nui* flags i i a o-iuspioiiiu-i poai ion uu
ne of tim ni. B'n ; iho fl iRS bmug arraugs i in i> I
. it i<ju) row, .f) read downwards Tim signalman I
i tho iitlur fhip imtioAs that tno ti ipnrtn >?t I
g is that par loul>r one in ehap-i, o loi, and de
it- wliioli represents tin* letter M, and that the
hei- tur? o rt-pr? sent W D nuil Ii respectively,
[e thnr gets ut tho f ict that iho fhip'a signil is
. W D It ; and by referring to tho OoJe-b >?k hu
lids tina to correspond with the i umber 20,202,
lie I'tllouil number of the ship Lamplighler, a
umber tb&t belong-* to m> other snip whatever.
LM tar as a sea tol^-acops can render the flags dis
?not, so Nr does this power exttnd of ascort<iiii
ig a sltip'ei name, and at- tho same time her port
ud tonnage, and other items als ? entered in the
telstar. The shin Lamplighter ia a similar way
sti-rtaius the name of the other ship ; and hen
hoi proceed with their gOi-sip, o.oh tolluiK the
ther wi.onuu sue came and whither she is goiair,
ud giTtug and receiving Inform?t! m useful to
. <tli. J boro in, of aourse, a good deul of hauliug
p and d.iwo of fligs in reference to this gost-ip ;
ut this is mutine work, requiring only paiiei-c
nd atteinion. One ship may want to buy some
read, or to borrow au undi r of the other, or to
end a lut i er bag ? y her, or to ask whether there
re any beiligi rent omisers about, or whether
i.y at"Mn? bare been encountered ; the Hage and
?ty (J dc-b ink t liable the one vessel to malm, and
LI nther to iiitu prut, tlieneO'Ssary bignals for
van piirnneos The Cod?-book coutnius nearly
3 000 Wi rds, phrases and aonteuceu. enoti with ns
ig siitnal ; w .? rebv the uonvenratioual power of
tu. s ateon i? r< ally s mot hing consid?rai lu-all
ilded tu to 40 000 or GO 000 eigiial . for tbe nan o*
f ship*. 81 ghi, differences in i ho flags di-tin
ni h nu'i.-ot-w ir ai d troop or tr.in-purt ships
um merchant vessels ; and there ia a system for
ringing foreign ships under tbe aame arrange
lent, wbeuevor governments and owners are will
ig to d,i so, homo fea* shipowners even in ?ng
, nd aro too niggardly to afford a complete sot of
Mtv, with a Oode a d a Register ; and *omo cap
inn aro to'i old fashioned to tako easily to tho
..stem ; bat thla foolishness ia gradually dieap
The invisible Lloyd may continuo to keep a
nord of the inaudible anea taps of ships at sea
ir agsa to o 'ino, for aught we can see. Day and
??tin's blacking would ba nothing particular
h bout Ike ame; Day m*y be dead, and Martin
?>ad, and yet boto lire in the small stone bottles.
i>d so it is with Lloyd. Lives after his death:
rea uot only in England, but abroad; for thsrs is
i Austrian LI' yd'o, founded for much the H*mo
upo-o as t'no one io England, and borrowing
i- very nanan.
OEOKis;E AND MAdiSTBA'iE
??- ?.t.*JO*ttr HI* ifS"** tttf-Qat CdALUmttM^
T STHia?, to no. &d ut?tJtu't ertatttti, .-% _**?
rho-.Bt?* ctroet, Aiu. ol
di. York Advertisement
M:.:I,I?I> AM? PISHIIM. TA?KI?I;.
4 NDREW OLKRR * CO., NO. 48 MAIDEN LANS, N
___ Y., sole Importer of JOS. WMtRlN'8 cen>hi_i?v
?rilled Eyed NKKDLK8, beg to notify lhoir old ountorr
-<ra aud the pubUo that they have ou houd s full ??so i
WARRIN*? DRiLLKD EYED NEEDLES
WAKRIN'S TEl.KGRAl'H ISEEDLhS IN OASEETb
extra tarn ('val Eyes
WARRI t'ri NKEDLErt I*N SYNOPTICAL OASES, ?? no?
.wARRIS'S i-niaiKOSS, MILLINERS. SAIL. PAC.
?beso St??diPM hur?? boon hofore thn puiillc fortbin?
tri- aud aro acknowledged by >'oo<i JT.II;*OS to bo aupu
ir lo all others In teiupor, finish, mitforioity and quo)
.or assortment of FISHING TAOKLK IS complet?
. id the nu.st extensivo In Uit. or any other country.
Jil"?* '?s mwlfimo
nJMtt.! PUMPS! PUMP?!
Steam, Force, Snctiou ard Lifting Pnmii
OP EVERY DENORIFTION :
8 ?* K A M APIO OA8 I'IPKI,
Pipe and St?pnni Fitting-,
?HD SV-BX OUOBIRIOR OW
Plumbers', Gas and Steam Fitters
FOR BALB AT THE LOWEST BATE)?,
JOHN B. FULLER,
No. 8 nKV-BTHKBT. 1W.XV VIIRK.
?ovaiinb?^ IO Tpvr y
b_. BTDODGE <fc CO.,
No. 8- Jt?H(i-8TttKET, If. V.
October 22 1 mo
V. W HKlNKKKH? ?Fb.
NO. l8 BEEKMAN STREET, NEW TORR
.turar rrrnj-tua or
FINI*. ?ju"Ll*.S. Ml'KClALLT FOR DRUfiOl-Tf
Obciulsts', Orocnrs' sud r'oiifiictiouors'fl use.
Also of MUROICAL N^rRO.MENT-, MEDIOIN)
RESTS SADDLE HAOS, PILL ?I AOUT VE?, bo., _i
Mi.l 1.- porter of Brushes. Combs. Porfumor j. Ess OH?
i-xtracts, Fine Soaps, J. Auton Fariun Ootogn? chamoi?
PluiBier-skuir aud White, Spin a, ?Ilk Ei_mn Stotkiuu*
Svaporatiiii Dishes, Funnels Mortars. Fill Ti e?, Tuil-'
and Col.,pin Bottles. Uohumi-n lilian ?Taro, Anotomi
cals, Ac,, al of watch are offered at the lowest cum" '
rates for cssb? ?vfmfiioo Jane 30
.J_U_M!K _ ntMM? BitriN
J. B* SCHENCK, /front,
Ho. 70 MAIDEN taAlV-0, HKW VUKlt
OFFERS FOR t%t\i A
POBTABLE AND STATIONARY STL AM ENOIN*
of all sises, CIRCULAR BAW MILLS of th_ moi
. pproved construction, .utting from -0.000 to 30,00
eetof Lamber per day: REYNOLD?-' TURBINS WA
I'IE WHEELS, and sil kinds at Machinery for Workiei
flood and Iron, vis:
Steam and Oas Pipes
Bloom and Water G-agesj
Upright Resorving MUls
Circular Reserving Hills1
Hh-rtiniT Pull ty s and HangeM
Bnhber Leather Beltings
Circular Saw Benches
Power Morticing Machines
Blind 6Ut Touoning Machino?'
DUJIIOIB' Plan in? Machine?
Gray A Wood's Planing M_c__-tt|
Woodworth Plaulng Machin?e
Sa?b Machi non
Foot Morticing Machin?e
Leather and Rubber Hese
PlMuiliiiiu and G-H Fitting
Wright's Patent Scroll yaws '
Putont Bolt 8i:roll Saw*
Lif?ug Puru pi.
Rotary ?nd Mining Pomps,
?very description of Machinery and Raliway Sappa?.
dOTTON OINfl of the most approvn- oonstrnotloa
'auuarv - wfml*
ARHART. WHITFORD & CO.
Wholesale Dealers in
lUEBIO&N EXPRESS BUILDING
(foo. OS, fi? 6? ?ntl 01 Had-on, near
_)Ufa.ti--a_r?-ef. New York
T. F. O.riABT. ! HHNBY SHANES.
W. H. Vtf IV RD. I J. B VAN WAGENEh
A. T. HAMILTON.
Offlcf i f PAYAN A fUiin/tn-r in liquidation.
'. n n wllmo
Or JFemaie Hegulalor,
Core - Suppreti*ed, Eeeeeesiee and
1'tiinful ?tra?!-luiilitn. Green
Sickness, Nervuus andSjdnttl Af
fe, titrm. Petina in the Buck, Sick
f/rittdttc/ie. Grutttiiei?, anil nil dis
ons?? that sprint.' from irraagulsrlty,
by ruiiiovtmr tim can-to and all the
ctlVi'ts that arise from It. They
are perfectly wife in all catos, ew
re/A teilen f?ilii.'den hy dirie
tiirim, and nie vn.*y to mlmini'ter,
st tbey aro nicely fnaetr coated.
They should bo in Iho limul? of
every Malden, Wife, and Mother
la the lund.
Ladies can address us in perfect
ooiifliiutioe, and state their com
plaints In full, se wo treat all Female Complaints,
and preparo Uudieiiiet suitable for all disease? te
which they ate ?object-Thirty-two page pamphlet.
In fipcnl.-rl ?nvolopo, fro*.
Tho Cherokee Pills aro ?old by all druggist? at $1
per box, or six boxes for '$o; or they are sont by
mall, freo of postage, In an ordinary letter, free
from observation, by ad-re?t,lng the sole proprietor,
Dr.W. B. -fj-BWI?.. 37 Walker Bt?, N. T.
V. B.-Cherokee Pills Ka - are preparo?! for
special eases, when milder medleta?? tell *, these
aro ?ont by moll, free of postage, on receipt of C5,
the price of eucA otxe.
Or, JEsstunee or MAfey
gM///_i_^ CntceOeneral Debility Weak*
Stm^tW;^ ne*?, llyete>4<* in female*.
"v? Ptdpttnttoh of the Heart and
ait Nerwu* Diseases, It ni
aton. new lift and vigor to tho
sgod. eansisg tho bot blood of
sJSJrtZfUf?" 9?i yoMtii to oourso the vein?, r*?
?jiT?%JZ?2 tt "???? tb? Or-iTflfi? of Oensrty.
ttets Bff?-3 ^tlo^Hne^noImpoUtveyetrtd
tata r.tixtr rejuren Debility. re*torit>Q AlntUineta
et* the ayitem and ona full riaor, thug orovliifc a
overcome ??MM. perfect "tVieiir of Love," re
moving Sterility end Barrrnnee? In both sexes. To
tho yonnsr, middle-aged, ami aged, lhere Is ni? praaUr
boon tban this * Ellslr of Life.'* It give? a nsw
lease of Hf?, causing the weak and debilltsUil to
have renewed strength snd vigor, and the enlim
system to thrill with Joy ?ml pleasure.
Price, one bottle f* ; three bottle? |S ; sent hy
expreM to any ?iidrees.
Our medlclnt? are sold and reeommendetl hv all
respecUble-ruggtst? In every part erf ike ?IvUlzed
elnhe; some unprincipled Aesl.rs, however, try to
deceive tbetr customer* by ??>lllog ?heap sod worth
less oo_.|?enful? In order te make meaey. B? not
dr-eelvod-s?k for thee? medicine? \nd taka ne
olhim?. If the drdggH doe? net keep fhesn, write
to ne, sad we will ?end them brexpresa carefully
packed, free from ?fceerv-tlf, , W? will be pleased
io roeelvo letter? with fal? itsumenu In, rega?? to
.ay ii l?ese? with which ladt?? er gpOW- ar?
sfflietd Adare*? all letu? toe t_?dlcin?^ oauipk
lets, or advlee, to tk? soi? prufrttx?, ' ?a\
Or W. B. MBBWnr, 97 Walker Bt?, V. TT
M V *rk Advertisements.
F??C? GOODS DEALERS
Stationer and Manufacturer
PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS, and
CARTE DE VISITE,
BBOH RESPE TF?T.r.T TO HAY THAT HB Id STILL
lomud at hi? old ?tana,
No. 126 Naas au-st., New York,
Whore bo coo tin no* to rupplv ?ho Jobblug and Reta'l
Trade wibiU artioloe lu ttio BOOK AMD S i A l ION Kill"
I.INI?, <-n the niout liberal term?.
booba, Htatlonert ; Nute, Letter, Cap, L*?ei Cap. Hl'l
md li,i h Papwe; Phi>t"gT*P" AH>niun, Uarto do Vial l o
for Aiimn'D, mann booba, Xuks, Muoh.go, Envelopes,
.\c., so., In groat T?rioty and oaeop
A aupeii.r Hue of rOrllhT DIARIES tor I6GT.
t?atniorfao lent on ipplicnUon.
Ordors protnp 1> flilod. Address
Ko. 136 NA?HAU.8TIiBKY, MKW TORE.
October 76 6t)
D. APPLETON & CO.,
N K. \V YtlltK,
3?T7BXjXfaXZ MORB T??Aia
^oo KDUuATlUJIAli TKIT-U??KS,
iNct.ur mo THE DRrAUTKKirra or
ESGU9EC. LA TIN GRVEK, FRENCH. HPANISH, ITA
LIAN. UEBUBW. AND ftYUlAO.
tCHOOi.S. HI-Mt >. ARIES. NO Ot?LUS<XH DE-U
MINO Tozt-llook/ will comi.lt the! interest b> ad
d'Otaing D APPLETON it OU . Now York, ?ho will he
Bind t" mi..piy ttinr wau' on tho moat t.-wonble turma
Ame. g thfnr rocont uubli -?tiona JIP th? t ill >wlng:
*>ll-1 nonK IN KNOLISd oKiVUMAU; by O.P.
Q .?rkenbo? P ic" ?ti Mata,
AN EM.M.-H ?BAMMAK; by mino author. Price
PU i.M A BY HISTORY off TUB UNITED STATES
Prim* li ratita.
QOAI:KEVBOH' Brsooii HISTORY OP THE UNI
IKUKU'IEH. Price $1 80.
APPLE ON8'A.UI I BME'IOAL SERIES; on tho baal
? if tin. woi 1m ni Goo. U l'urkiua. LL. u. It, O. P. Qua. a
?ntl BI>. * . .11
YIJUMAN*' NEW CHEMIHTRT; en'lrelv rewrite
und much eula ged, witii 3In Uubiruviui;? Pri> o %l 75
H RK*E--'LATiN<*R\MSAAit. I'm-- il M htrong
ly roroium- ndud by nar leading ?rholars&a a decided ad
vance on tho old Latin Grammars.
B BENESS' 1.ATI hEU'Rit; a oomimilon lo the
ilrummtr, bv the Mme author Prloe$l6?i.
A NEW Ki?I i ION OFQDINIILIAN; by Prof. H. 8.
Frirze Of Uiilvcrniiy cw Miohig n
Uat.iogur* a-ut (roo apon application.
D A ? O.- are uow pr?p?r<d to fill all orders for
WEBSlRR'S ELEUB4>TAaY BPEL^I.lO BOOK.
Pet bor 23_Imp
X08. 87 & 89 BOWERY A ?S CHRYBTrE-STREEl
BATH TB? BUT ASSOaiZD 8TOOK OT
PABLOR, DININQ-UOOM AND BKD-HOOir
PRING BEDS AND BEDDING
IN TUB O&IOIY.
, \UB PAOILITIEB POR MANUFACTURING AT
' / LOW PRICES dey oompetition. HTKAMEBi
NDIIOTKLM PURNISIIKD FOKrtTYLE ANDQUAL)
Y. W?re/er jon on board of tbe Budaoa River dteats
re. ST. lOHs and OBAN Uli.imuND.
*'oiler's Patent Hair-Spring Mattreasee
FIVE STATE PREMIUMS AWARDED.
J D. MURCHISON,
No. 54= Pine BtT-eet,
October IS Smoe
JOHN T. HOAG,
WHOLE8AUS MUXJ?B IN
>iifrr and raper Manufacturers FnppHcs,
No. 164 FOLTIN iT?EBr,
OotobnrOO _ iBQO
ESTA.B2^i8?CEO 13 3 5
M ? HE BE URIA N"
NO. Oui BROADWAY, NUMV YollIO
he largeal variety <a the Doited Sutes, of
CUTLERT. Mir,VEE Pt.ArKD WA IIB
TUA BETS. 0A8TORS. UhFKMEItATORS
CO >KI>0 0 BHSIL8, Ac, Ar
rOOBTHERWrTH EVERYTHING APPERTAINING
to tlie line, anil all at the lowest possible prioee,
holoaale and retail firea.b. Y iroi^Q Rood? rrduocd
i gold value. Catalogues tarnished on epiil cation to
y edOreat. B. B. OAHEY.
Oo'ober 4 thuin 8moa
OLIVER & CO.,
o. 45 Liberty Street, flew York City.
BATBBK AND RDBltKR BELTIMO, PACKING,
j HuNE, MA?UIstiilY. AN > MANOPAOTOUER-a
Oak Taaued Leathor Belting. Vnlcamz'd Rnbber Bvlt
g, Puiant B-ltohod ttubb.ir BaUmtf, eatnol Ci.inuiiia
ui iinitiuu Vuiuuilaed Itnb?er not*. Leather M omi
-i [milln li OJO. Hemp and Oottun Boa*. Leather and
l'.iirr SeotloD ?>uo, Laoe Leather. Roller Cover
>atb<-r, Mixed Subber Pekin?, O um Parking. Pur?
ibtuir Packing, Ooiii a Paaklag. O'tt-n Woate, Uob>
us and -bnttlua, Kuroo Pnmpa, Fan Blowora, TnrtilM*
ntur Wheels, Baw Mina. Steam Buginea, and Manu (a?
rer s SuppilM, iii general.
Anguat ?9_ an*ita
?0Y8, CHINA, AND FANCY 6U0DS,
BADS, MARBLES, SLATES, abo., SLATE
(TO. 00 MAIDEN LAN!, OOIU WILLIAM ST.. N. Y.
TRkSBQROEB A NIJBN BEIN? NOW TUB LARfl
I BuriMPOBt-ER'* in their lin?, and having laid In
rir PULt, STOCK. POR ?AhB, at the lo*e-t gold
n?, are enabled to rgor, tor the ootnlng aeoaan, ex
Mirdlnory IndnoemenU. Bayera tr.ll do areli to taro
jin with their oonadnnoo and bay at OOM.
%_r Hall orders promptly axnaratad.
^SH. BLIND ARD DOOR IAKEB
No* ?1 eTf^neHp?tre?t4
km 8 _ tcUaimo
rai: uoirr nrraovuD
OBAND AND SQUARE
Fall Iron Frame and OvHrstraiig Bass,
MAJNOPAUTORY ANO WAREHOCHE
1o.lt) Weat HaiHion-itrset. Jlu.lt
REAR BROADWA/. N15W YORK.
rill-: UNIihliUlONEU, MEMDERS OF THF FIEMO?
KRACSOAAR k CO., are practical Piano makenr,
a id as such bave had a lan/.?* oxpi-rtonco in conuootioa
?MU? Mao . th best Establlshmeuts In this country
a id Europi 1 < elr laiioe are made not morely far
tbem, bet l*. timm, ai d auder ?heir imm?diate personal
suptTTi-iou. ? i . ?hey allow no Instrument? to leave theil
f totory ?ni* -ass Into the bands of"their patrous, anisas
t joy have a power, evenuoss, flrmueMM and roundness09
t me, so olaa-oity of touch - without whlob no luatra.
aunt outfit to be sattstactory to the publlo-ss weU .
t ist durability In eoi.utrue.ttu_, willoh enables It to ro
ualn In tune and to wtth-tanr? sudden oh nug* s of teal,
erato.? and exposure to oxtromo heat and cold, whlcli
are sometime? unavoidable.
They wUl at all times be happy to soo tbo profession
a rd tbe public at their Warerooms, and Invito compart.
s ID between their own Pianos and those of any otho
ANTON KRAUSHAAR..TO?LAS HAMM
CHARLES J BOHONEMANN.
Fir?? f remiuoi ?leam ?aw-Mills.
THE FIB8T PRIZE,
THE GOLD MEDAL,
Waa awarded to the
WASHINGTON IRON W0RK8
ey tho Amorio-n Instituto, at their Fair, in October, 1601
for the best
oraOTJL?i\R ?3-1*-. W-T-TTT.T
ANI> STEAM ENOINR
ORDERS FOR THESE, OANO SAW-MILLS, B06__B
Mills, Oeneral Machinery, Iron and Braes Caa-nai
forging?, Railroad Car?, be, ko,, prompuy -lied. AU
treas OEO. M. OLAPP. Tr-sanrer,
Newburgh, N. t., or
L. O. WARD, Agent,
Ko. 65 Llberty-st.. (Room Na 8), N. Y.
December 12_ lyr
GRIFFINS & CO.,
NOB. 58 de GO 1X111*1 I.,VM> I HrilHIST, IV. Va,
llA-lTl-ACrrtillF II" AND DXA1.KB- IN
.tgrlriilturiil Iiiipleiiipul*-, .-**-e<M?s.rrrtlllzerg?
NO3 10, 11. 60. 6.. s M1 150 PLOWS. CI".I.EIIUR*\TI_D
Muka?*- v'i* l*-y -teel Orlyn?er now, Horse Powern,
Thresher? and Ole.mira Fun Mills, Ac.
.JiiTTO**- QlNH- Emory's C-k?**r ited ?a?v01n. McO_r
tliy'si'elpbr.itvl Roller Oin. DeoleiB supplied.
?_r- 8-int for Miranta!*, ?mnii uotober 4
W. H IN ?A.N.
(Late of OoorgiaU
AUSTELL & IN V?AN, .
COTTON & i:?wms ION minn 'II ..NTS,
NO 80 WALL-8TRFET, NEW YORK.
WR ARE FULLY P EPiKKD TO MAKE LIBERAL
CASH ADVANCEMENT- ON CO-N 81 ON M RUTS
from Merchant?- a_d Planter., ootb at. Ulla pisos and ad
our agencies throughout the Souto Onr Mr. AOHTHLLj
nf Atlanta, will arraoge advancement? there. COITOS
aun ME ?toll AM DI--E will be f r?arded tu ne with diu
|)i?tch by onr as-ntus, Measr?. Bit iDY k MOSES, of Ha
nn uah. We will eiertonr beat enecvie? to give satte.
'action and promote the tnteret-t? of onr patrons.
Cnnalguments from o?r ooutheru friends respeetA-Qf
wUelt?jd. SOTOS Septooiber 38
X3iiOS_ JE-t- _f__C3-ISr_B"W,'
nspoBTKB ?un> n__xj_- ts
flniOr^irtfa Ohoic. 'i'mrnxu. ?Cas., CU^
Ho*. -60 di -63 OSEEN WICH-S1.. COR. Of UURRAT)
M*KHi E WORKS,
M0NUMENT8, TOMBS, HEAD
STONES. MANTLES, &c
OUR WHWK. TN DESIGN AND FINISH. IS 0N80B
PASHED in this ?inn ry.
Tdnrs through mail will receive same attention M
when nive? in person,
iddreas letters WATHAN A* COMPANY,
No. 100 Mercer street, New York.
Draw ORB ?nd EaUraute? upon application.
tBgnrt .4_ Sin?
TOIII? & I. AFFI.KI V,
ENGINEERS & FOUNDERS,
Offlfi? attiri Wort.?, Patcr-on, \ - ?.-.1 araoy.
WAREHOD8E, NO. ? DRY-STREET. N. Y.
Vf ANDFAOl UR-.RS OF STATIONARY AND POR-*?
VJ. ARLE STEAM -NOINKS and BOILER8; Flax,
lemp, Tow, Oaknm, and Rope Mor litnerj ; Shafting,
ill! Oo-'in? Iron and Ur-s? ? -stlutis of all klndoj
..thus, Piaula? Machines, Drills; Shaping, Slotting and
MIU Machines-, Saw Cutters, Centering, Milling and
olt-Onttiiig Machines; Chuche >f all binds. Leather
ad Rubber Uoitini*, Lace Leather, Roi Hooks, and
."lierai Supplies for Railroad and other Machine 8hopa.
itlsun A Snow'? Patent ?I.?vernor? Saw Mills, OottOS
.Ina. Presse?. He, constantly uti hand. *
TODP ft RAFFERTY,
March 20_ly Mo. ? rwy-Street. N. Y.
(J li It II ? II U WINTER,
IO. 1? NORTH WILLI AU-STREET, NEW TORK,
No. 3.4 Broome-st., Cr. of Howery, Neto York.
V,| ANOPAGTORKR OF FVEUY DESCRIPTION O?
Vf Hlliiw OAHEH. in Silver, Oermau Silver, Rosa*
o?d. M.thoi-Huv, Walnut, c
A good aas-irtuiiuit always on hand or made to order
the -borte.it notir'o. Caie* shipptvi t. any nart of
le Dni?*d Sutes or C?*.?rl?. t.rt.i-tnio ?.nennt 14
&. S w OFIELD,
OEraERVL AOBNT-1 FOR
Ltlllendi.hl'8 .:_r<iM..ir Fire Works!
Importers and Manufacturers of
HINES''. OIIDIN, E'-IHIr. CKACKKRB,
TUHPKD IKM. LVVTEll>8 KI ? ? O ?1, Sie,
0 9 l>EF hTttKlOT, M W TORS?
ANDREW A BOYD,
- (Suceo?*ior to P. R. ANDERSON),
bip BiW BJKftuit a d Crackt-r Bakery
?4T THE OLD gTAN? OF 47 ?P. WARD,
No. Ql? Ful ton-Street,
hird door above fjreeu wtohj, NaXW YORK.
October i_ * tb?tn>?o
NOLEN St STEERS,
Id Street -.urt tiaconn A\.w?mu?. Ne-av York,
i7-H0_J_RA._E AND RETAIL D_-V1__?6
Y iii AU? smua or
IMBEB, MANOFAOTORKRS OF MOULDING?.
SASH DOORS. BLINDS, AND COX SHOOKA.
ming tn? It? branohiMk Booka containing rillmi
onldipg? ?ont on apnUoattr?-,
jeoember 1_ lyt
M AlfUOUOAHO 'lula- V1UOBUV YODVa
1 restored In four weeks, -*, I?. RIOORD*8 _H
NOEOFLIF-L br. Rlcerd (of Part?), after yean .
?neat ?oUcitaUon, ha? at length aooed-4 to UM g
1 nests of the Ajnericaw pabilo, and appatotod sa
hew York tor th? aah? of hi ? valued and -J?Mr.L_
lonoe of ?Ate. Thl* wonderful agent will riMn
uhood to UM most ?-altered oonstTtnttoDJ, gfnlfcM
ring frota nioeaeea, the effects of o-tmah?, or natal?
isa?. The tim? r?>qt_tr_d to oore the most In Tit? 1 ida
? U tomr week?; and if tuwd aooor__ag to printed Hw
notion?, which are very ?implo, fallare u Im.nrfriU
la life-r-e*orlng resaedy should be taken by all eftae.
marry, as Ita effeot are permicont. It 1? heknowledgsd
the medloftl preoe to be the greatest dlscovory ?ra
de. lu <-ev_lop--g pow-r? are mlraerUo?-. StuoMB
every cat? tiuo-t-o M that aciano- overthrow??,
ranon. Or Rleerd'? tauae? of Uf? I? ?old 1
tea, with rah tnacnuetons to* ose, a* *A\ or toar ?UN?.
**o\ oeHtt-fc*01 r-batttoM.? o nuat>or?ditod??aii
state*? ly Ho. HLib?rtr?troe4, tXa* Ytffc.