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TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 20, I860.
SKETCHES OP. TI.AVEL.
BY C1. W. W.
LETT-it Ni'Mnrn xx.
TlANOvr.n, Germany, 18GC.
Tho Bun-na oki town o? Hamburg, which it ia
nail! wa- f-ttl-le- hy Chaiii.-UAunb in ?io eighth
Centwrv has tho finest commercial port?n tho
continent of Europe, and In many respects ia tho
moat interesting etty. It ia ??t>?ato 1 on tho River
Elbo, ?sixty milo- from its ootranoe into tho North
Soa, anti ia conncctcil by nicano of canals with the
Baltic. Hamburg ha. a population of 200,000. It
ja cminontly a commercial city. Tho imports
amount to one hundred and fifty million dollars
por annum, and the exports about tho samo. The
average nambo, of vessols arriving is about 5000.
Nearly all tho topar*, and exports of Northern
Germany pass through tho port of Hamburg. In
1812 the city was visited by a torriblo firo, which
ragod for four days, laying in waste twenty thou
sand houses, rendering homeless moro than 30.000
people. Largo sunn? of nionoy and provisions
wore scut from all quarters of tho globo to roliove
tho Biiflerors. Aftor tho great firo tho narrow
Bt'rcct. were both widened and straightened, and
magnificent 8torohotiso3 and dwellings orccted,
which would do credit to Paris. "Tho established
religion is Lutheran, but all denominations aro
tolerated. Twenty thousand Jows resido hore.
Tho city was formerly oncirclcd by a wall four
miles in circumference, which has boen torn down,
and roautiful ornamental walks havo boon laid out
on tho sito of tho old usoloss fortifications.
At tho beginning of the ninoteonth contury
Hamburg was ono of tho most prosperous citios
in tho world. Morchauta flocked horo from all
ports of Europo, bringing with them immonso
treasures, which thoy vainly hoped would bo socuro
from the warliko commotions at that timo agitat
ing the country. As Hamburg was a freo city,
and neutral in religion and politics, thoy thought
it would not bo molested. But when Napoleon
copturcd Berlin and was master of Prussia, ho
rogarded tho rich town of Hamburg as a rightful
Bpoil of war. Heavy contributions woro laid on
tho inhabitants, and tho city was annexed to the
French Empire. Aftor Napoleon- unfortunate
march to Moscow tho French were compelled to
evacuate Hamburg, and tho city was occupied by
Russian soldiers. In 1813 tho French again be
siege- the city, which thoy captured after a month's
resistance. The French commander, Davoost, ia
said to havo exercised the most cruel atrocities
upon tho people. In the depth of winter ho drove
?very porson from the city who could not furnish
six months' supply of provisions. The conso
quonce was, all the poor hod to leave, and some
twelve hundred mon, women and children perished
from cold and hunger. A monument has boon
erected to their memory. Napoleon was-, without
doubt, ono of the greatest generals the world over
produced, but I would not, for all his glory and
fame, have the blood of the myriads o? human be
ings who peri?hod under his ambitious tread ?stain
ing my skirt.-ho deluged Europe in tears and
I have viaited the Stock and Gold E_c_o_igo of
Baltimore, Philadelphia, Now Tork arid Boston; the
celebrated Bourse of Paris, Vienna and Berlin; but
none of them interested mo bo much as the Mer
chants' Exohango of Hamburg. Tho magnificent
building which was completed just before tho
firo in 1812, although enveloped in flames, for
tunately cscapod destruction. I went with m7
guide an hour beforo 'Change, for the purposo of
examining tho building, reading room, Ac. Ono
of tho Directors explained to mo how a merchant
in a crowd of five thousand could bo found without
difficulty. Tho immense hall, which is capablo ol
accommodating six thousand persons when stand
ing, is laid out on tho principio of the radii of a
circle At 1 o'clock wo took our stand in the gal
lery, among numerous spectators, both ladies and
gontlomon, where we coidd look down upon the
vast assemblage of merchants. Tho hum of five
thousand human voices Bounded like the roaring
of a waterfall. In this daily gathering of mer
chants you find tho cautious, frugal German; the
bold, dashing Russian; the livoly, clevor French
man; tho confident Englishman; the sharp, shrewd
Yankee ; and last, though not least, tho cautious,
lively, bold, confident, sharp Jew.
I was introduced into tho extensivo reading
room, which is supplied with nowspapors and jour
nals from all parta of tho country. The Exchange
is tho centro of intelligence, commercial and po
litical, foroign and domostio. A telegraphic offico
ia kept in the building for its use. Scarcely any
one ia engaged in business who is not a member
of tho Bourso of Hamburg. Tho old city, fortu
natoly, was an r.lly of Prussia in the rocont war.
Sho has, consequently, boon permitted nominally
to maintain her indopondoncc.
Having spent two pleasant days in Hamburg, 1
loft for the City of Hanover by railway. The
country through which wo paaa'ed waa quite lovel,
and generally unproductive. It is a portion of the
immense plain of sand which oxtonds through
Hanover, Prussia, and as far east as St. Pctors
hurg, in Russia. The moat of the land is oxtrcme
ly p?or) producing littlo elso than barren heat,
and forest, of scrubby fir. Near the railway sta
tion in Hanover I found a good hotel, with com
fortablo accommodations. This ia the new town
Hero aro broad streets and handsome buildings
But Old Hanover inteieatod me most. Thii
portion of tho city is a fino specimen of an antique
continental town. Many of tho stroots aro narrow
and crooked, and the houses, which aro often foul
to five stories, project with each story aomo tw(
foot, forming almoat an arch ovor the streets. /
very novel eight was houses with gables towan
tho strcota. From tho monument in Watorlo<
Platz I had a fine view of tho city and surrounding
country. Tho Palace and other public buildingi
woro occupiod by tho Prussians. Hanover is nov
practically a Prussian town, with a largo garrisoi
of blue coats. I saw sovoral thousand troops re
viewed by tho Crown Trincc. It is expected hi
will removo horo with his family, and mako Han
over his futuro home. His court wiU doubtless to
as splendid as that of the ox-King. I feel sorry fo
Zing Geobqe, who is old, blind, and qnito help
less. Tlio inhabitants havo made up thoir min?
that nothing that thoy can do will avort tho no?
state of things, and thoy will bo found as read
dancing attendance to tho now ?b tho old King
Tho. inhabitant-, howovor, gonorally regrot th
loss of thoir indopondoncc
Tho compulsory military service will provo a hard
ship to tho annexed kingdoms and freo cities, bu
such is tho fate of war. The barrack accommoda
tiona in Hanover aro largo, but not sufficient ti
accommodate tho troops that garrison tho town
sovoral thousand mon and officers aro billottcd 01
thecitizons; thoso who aro ablo pr?vido ?marton
at about fifty cents jier day for tho soldiers as
signed to them. This billotting system ia particu
larry hr.rd on tho poor; many of tho citizens have
scarcely made onough during tho past year tt
?upport their own household. Thov havo heoi
boardtug (?) tho Prusuians for moro than three
moiithB, and aro quito tirod of tho business, os
pociaHy as thoy do not rocoivo any compensation
Tho year 1860 has boen fatal to tho Germanic
thrones and freo citiod ; Prussia will quito abaorl
Northern Germany und Austria tho Southorr
States. Prucaia will bo tho strong "Protestant
power and Austria the Roman Catholio. Belwonr
these two groat empires, differing so widoly ia ro?
ligioii and politica, thero will necoasorily bo strifes
and huartburninge. Tho Austrian ompiro cannot
exist as mi independent nation until it has in somo
way wiped out tho disgraceful defeat so recently
experienced. Austria is already marshalling hor
annie!?. Whon bIio has pcrfocted her noodlo-gun
it will bo Gorman nicct Gorman, and thon will
como tho tug of war. G. W. W.
LEONARD CHAP?N & CO.,
NOS. 20 AND 22 HAYNE,
KOS. 33 AND 35 PlfflM? STREET.
Carriage and Harness Warehouse.
I71YERY VARIETY OF VEHICLES AND HARKESS ON
li HAND AND BUILT TO ORDER, at reasonable
prices for cash or city acceptance.
Wholesale Drug House.
PAINTS. OILS, GLASS, DYE STUFFS, MEDICINES.
Perfumeries, Brushes, Cologne, Wines, Ac, at LOWEST
B. W. WARRAN, Drugslst..T. S. HEMMTNGWAY, M*. D.
November 10 su
PMTT & WILSON BR0TI1ERN,
HAVE REMOVED TOE-R ENTIRE STOCK OF
DRUGS, CHEMICALS, TOILET ARTICLES, IC.
Old Drng House of Haviland, Steven
son & Co.,
N0. 23 HAYNE-STR?ET,
CHARLESTON, S. C,
ANDAR? PREPARED TO SELL AT MOST REASON
Purchasers will do well to call.
November 14 lmo
DR9. RAOUL &LYNAH,
Market and King Streets.
ALFRED RAOUL, M. D.A. M. LYNAH, M. D.
ARE CONSTANTLY 1"*_*CFJ"V1NG FRESH AND
well selected stocka of
DRUGS AND MEDICINES
TOILET AND FANCY ARTICLES
COMBS, BRUSHES, Ac, Ac,
Which thoy offer to the Publlo and tho TRADE In gen
eral at tho LOWEST CASH PRICES. Coll and examine
Put up at all hours, day and night, with the greatest care.
AS- Country orders eoUcltod. thatu November 8
A Treacherous and Deadly Foe!
PAIN AMD NOISES IN THE HEAD.
Dr .^Norton's New Remedy
AND MODE OF *I_i__A__-ENT IS THE ACME
IT B1"*_**AKS UP T-TX8 "T-'RRIBLE DD3EA8E AT IT8
Fount-in Head, and removes at once all tho wretched
symptoms of this loathsomo malady, such as Pain in the
Temples, Offem-Te Diaehargea, Obstruction of tho Breath
ing Tubes, Repulsivo Breath, Snapping Sounds in the
Ears, Absont-MindodncBs, Mental Depression, Dimness o?
Vision, Boro Throat, Hacking Cough; re a toroa tho sonso
of Tasto and Smell, and permanently cures the dIncase in
ali its types, forms and stages, with absoluto cortalnty.
This remedy and modo of treatment, Uko the disc-se,
is peculiar. In co-sis'- of the inhalation of harmless li
quids from tho palm of the hand. The immediate relief
It a (Tords la alono worth ten times tho cost of the reme
Norton's New Pamphlet on Catarrh is out. Informa
tion never before published. Call at our nearest Agency,
or send a stamp for it.
Proparod by GERBET NORTON, No. 11 Ann-street,
Brs. RAOUL & LTNAH,
November 1 tbstuGmo Agent for Charleston.
No. 140 Meeting street,
OPPOSITE PAVILION HOTEL.
little & marshall,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
MACHINERY, SEEDS, &c.
AGENTS POR THE
EXCELSIOR ROLLER GIN,
FOR HAND, HORSE OR BTEAM POWER.
Till- HAND OIN WIM. TURN OUT ONE
HUNDRED POUNDS OF GINNED
COTTON PER DAY WITH
AGENTS FOR THE
UNIVERSAL SAW GIN,
Gleaner and Condenser.
HAND GINS FROM l8 TO 80 SAWS.
POWER GINS FROM HO TO 100 HAWS.
THE HAND GINS
WELL, TORN OUT FROM BOO TO 700 POUNDS PEP.
DAY WITH TWO HANDS.
mHE CliEANER AND CONDENSER ATTAC*H_IEN.
J in on ENTIRELY NEW FEATURE, and a great ac
quisition to tho Gin proper. It is very simple in con
struction and operation, and requiros no appreciable fore?
to drive It, It serves to separate all tho vast amount ol
fine dust and sand from the glnnod cotton, which, by the
ordinary process, would bo deposited with it, and be
packed in baloa for market, Tho Condenser also prevents
tho possibility of firing tho ginning buildings, ovon if the
Gin 1-iolf could genera te Aro (which this Glu cannot do).
It occuplos but littlo space, and may bo oporatod in al
most any building, however small, and wheu d?sirable
may bo used in the open Hold. It 1b entirely portablo,
and, with the Gin, forms A COMPLETE GINNING E8
TAULI8HMENT OF ITSELF, which can bo movod from
plantation to plantation.
Tho saving in tho erection of buildings suoh na aro re?
?ulrod for these Gina and Condensers over tho cost ol
loso required for other ginn, will far exceed tho entire
outlay for the30 improved Universal Cotton Gina and
Condensers complete for use.
Agents for tho CLARK SORGHO MUX and COOK'S
Agent? for ARCHAMDAULT'S PORTADLE STEAM
"Agents for tho INGERSOLL COTTON PRESS.
LITTLE & MARSHALL,
No. 140 MEETING-STREET,
0PjP0-1TJ- PAVILION HOTEL.
Aujjuo t al truthoSmofi
EPSTIN & ZEMANSKY,
294 KING- STREET,
(Corner Wentworth Sta,)
WOULD RESPECTFULLY CALL
the attention of tlio Ladies of
Charleston and the conntry Tisitors
to their large and choice stock of
CLOAKS, ranging from fonr dollars
each and upwards ; SHAWLS from
two dollars and fifty cents each and
upwards ; a nice lot of DRESS
GOODS, to suit the present season,
at twenty cents per yard ; the hest
quality of MERRIMAC PRINTS at
twenty cents per yard,; and all other
goods usually kept in a ilrst-class
Dry Goods Store.
A few fine BROCHA SHAWLS,
with scarlet centres, aud a variety
of other colors, at very low prices.
A few fine TELVET CLOAKS, of
The above Shawls and Cloaks are
of the best material and of the best
manufacture, and are suitable for
choice purposes. Will be sold at
greatly reduced prices.
We have received a choice selec
tion of FANCY GOODS, suitable for
A tall is respectfully solicited.
EPSTIN & ZEMANSKY.
November 1C _ lmo
* F U R ST*
A LARGE ASSORTMENT
TEMPLE OF FASHION,
C. H. JOIINSON,
NO. 269 KING STREET.
November 19 3
NEW GOODS, NEW GOODS,
STOLL, WEBB & CO.,
?NO. 287 KING- STREET.
\??TE BEG LEAVE TO INFORM OUR FRIEND8 ANII
? V tho public tbat wo have quite recovered from the
shock of tho late fire, having re?oive- burge additions in
Stock to each department.
Wo aro .till running off somo Goods at very low prices,
which aro very desirable.
We would call sp?cial attention to somo very de
A FULL LINE OP BLACK CLOTH CLOAKS, NEW
A NEW LOT OF FRENCH KED GLOVES for Gents
and Ladies; worm Gloves for Winter.
PLANTATION BLANKETS in all qualities
ENGLISH PLAIN8 AND KEB8EY8, all Wool
SUPERIOR BED BLANKETS, in all sizes and qualities.
REAL WELCH FLANNELS.
IN EVERY QUALTTT, RANGING FROM 33 TO 76 CT8.
Consumers will find it to their advantage to call and
examine tho abovo mentioned Goode.
We will guarantee to soil all Goods at as LOW PRICES
as they"can bo bought in the city.
All of tho abovo Goods will bo sold at low prices, by
STOLL, WEBB & CO.,
No. 387 King street.
LOW PRICED CLOTHING, 8DTTABLE FOR FREED
MEN, from $4 lo $10 a suit, to which wo Invito the
attention of Merchants, Factor, and Planten,
EDWIN BATES J. CO.,
Novomber 7 30 Ho. 134 MEETING STREET.
KERSEYS, SATINETS, BLANKETS, FLANNELS
and other Low Woollens, for plantation use, for
Balo by '
EDWIN BATES & CO.,
November 7 3Q No. lil M-XTING 8_-tE_7I,
JOHN 8. FAIRLEY. RUTLEDGE WILSON
JOHN S. FAIRLEY & CO.,
Wholesale Dealers in
FANCY GOODS, WHITE GOODS,
FURNISHING GOODS, ETC.
X NATTE 1-IF. ATTENTION OS HKTAII. MERCHANTS
IN THE CITY AND THROUGHOUT THE COUN
TUY to their complot- aasorlmcul ?if tlio above ui.utioti
eil doods, now being opened at
No. 37 1IAYNE STREET,
THE OLD STAND OF MESSRS. HYATT, McBURNEY
k CO. Tliclr Stock has been acierto.- with great caro and
a thorough "nowlcdgo of the wanls of the ________ peo
ple, acipiircd during innuy years experience in business
in this city.
Our business motto will be
Quick Sales and Short Profits.
ORDERS WILL BE CAREFULLY AND PROMPTLY
JOHN S. FAIRLY St CO.
Tlio subscriber ?h particularly desirous of renewing
businc.B relation? with Uni custoiaera of his old house,
MARSHALL, BURGE _ CO. J. S. FAIRLEY.
October 4 2mo
MRS. S. J. COTCIIETT,
"Emporium of Fashions,"
No. 263 King street,
< n \iu,;;sio\, ?? c.
I FRENCH MILLINERY AND ARTISTIC DRESS
J MA1?INO IN ALL ITS BRANCHES. Ladies',
aUnscs' and Children's Dresses, Bnsqwm, Socks and
Cloalis cut by measurement, and a perfect fit guaranteed.
Trimmings and Patterns of tlio latest Paris and York
Fashions received every month, and sent to any part of
tho conntry on receipt of the amount.
Send for circular.
OctotKT t? ?mo
MRS. S. WATTS,
274 King street.
A I. A ROI- ASSORTMENT OF
BONNETS AND PLATS
OF THE LATEST STYLES.
RICH MOIRE ANTIQUES,
BL'K AND COLD SILKS,
BOMBAZINE, MERINOES, .
EMPRESS CLOTHS, REPS,
CHILDREN'S HOODS AND SACQUES.
BRADLEY.} HOOP SKIRTS,
OF THE LATEST STYLES.
N. B. CLOAKS opened IRIS DAY, "hieb she
rcspectfuUy invites the public to examine before pur
chasing elsewhere. lmo November 1
MILLINERY IN ALL ITS BRANCHES.
APE-R PATTERNS OF ALL THE LATEST STYLES
OF CLOAKS, MANTILLAS, BASQUES, Ac., furnish
ed at low rates. Miss E. J. BONNER.
Next east of Mansion Bouse.
November 1 lmo
NO. 307 KINOST.
rpHE SUBSCRIBERS WOULD RESPECTFULLY CALL
attention to thejr handsomo assortment of GOODS,
CONBIBTIHQ OF !
FINE WATCHES, in Gold and Silver casca, with the
best quality movements of English, Swiss, and American
CLOCKS of French, Swiss, and American make, variety
An elegant assortment of JEWELRY, In sets, half Bets,
RINGS in great variety
STUDS, SLEEVE BUTTON8
SILVER WARE, PLATED WARE
Bcsldo many useful and ornamental articles Boitablo
for presents. .
Tho proprietors being practical workmen, tho purchas
ers may roly on tho quality of their goods being v?hal
they aro represented.
Special attention given lo repairing WATCHES,
Old GOLD and SDL VER bought or taken to exchange.
NO. 307 KING STREET.
November 10 ftu_mo
Mutai.] Lifo iHsnrance Company.
C. A. I.c-A_SB.1-I_, Agent.
OF THE ABOVE COMPANY, WILL ATTEND TO
any busines? Uleroo!, as iiB?n?!, At No. 30 BKOAD
_______ - jbo Ootobor 33
HARNESS, ScC, &G,
Constantly on hand and for sale" at
the lowest figures.
PATENT STRETCHED, CEMENTED
RIVETTED LEATHER BELTING.
Every Belt warranted to give entire satisfaction and sold at Manufac
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS
FOR THE PURCHASE AND SALE OF PRODUCE AND MERCHANDISE OP ALL KINDS.
R. W. GALE & CO.,
NOS. G M ? WITWI1 ST.,
Charleston, S. C.
nf.GM w.u. mum o. o. umta
WM. S. CORWIN & CO.,
% DP.AT.F.R8 D?
CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES,
FINE WINES, TEAS, &c.,
NO. 259 KINO STREET,
(BRANCH OF No. 000. BROADWAY, NEW YORK.)
AIX ARTICLES KOLD FROM TIIIS ESTABLISH
MENT ore of tho first quality. Wo sell no goode
but what wo can rocoinmond and warrant to bo PURE
Goods delivered to all parta of tho elly, freo of charge.
LANDLORDS AND TENANTS SUITED.
HOUSES RENTED-PLANTATIONS AND FARMS
LEASED-Houses procured in any part of tho City at a
moderate charge to Tenants-Plantations and Farms
procured in any part of the Country,
Charges moderato. Call and register your names at our
of-cc. SMITH k McGILUVRAY,
*Roal Estate Agonte, No. _7 Broad street,
November U South nido, near State street
\0. 102 EAST HAY,
. CHARLESTON, S. C,
BUTTER, CHEESE AND PROVISIONS.
O'v" Liberal advances mado on consignment.--,
November jq ,
COTTON AND CORN FERTILIZER.
DIRECTIONS FOR U8E-8AME AS NO. 1 PERU
VIAN GUANO, AT LESS THAN HALF T-OB
COST. Barrels 2DO pounds each ; eight to tho ton.
HUNT & BRO., Agents,
ACCOMMODATION WHARF, CHAl-LESTON, S. C.
Novo?-bor 1 _2mo
50th YEAR OF PUBLICATION?
ALMANAC FOR 1867.
A COMPLETE HANDBOOK FOR THE PLANTER,
Merchant, Mechanic, Navigators, Ac. Price per
hundred ?13.00; $2.00 por dozon,
IimAM HARRIS, Publisher,
No. 69 Broad street, C1 aries ton, S. O.
THE JACKET OF GREY,
OTHER FUGITIVE POEMS.
BY SIRS. C. A. BAIala.
IN MEMORIAM OF OUR LOVED AND LOST CAUSE,
AND OUR MARTYRED DEAD-"OUTNUMBERED
For salo nt RUSSELL'S, HOLMES AND COURTE
NAY'?" BOOK STORES.
'D3' Subscribers will rccci v? their numbers at as early
? day na poeaiblo, Koitjuim 1?