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MONDAY MORNINO, NOVEMBER 2G, 18C6.
EXCURSION AROUND THE DARBOR.
To a nativo of Charleston, or to a visitor to hor
hist ?ric scenes, thoro can bo no moro agreeable
employment? fur a few idlo ?lays than au oxonraion
around tho harbor. Wo eay a few idlo days anil
not an idlo day, because wo do not mean one of
tli<>?.<? Hying Hifi.iiiilji.it trips ??limit tho bay which
leave the impression on one's minti or a nnmio und
dance i.n with Cant?o rinckney, Mount Pleas
ant, KiiIIiv;iii'H bland, Slimier, Murria' ?ml Junes'
lelnnili- ami White Point Garden Ililli g indie'.iiict
]y by tbo wiiidmv, but a bona fide excursi?n tu nil
tho pom t m of interest in tim harbor with a view of
ascertaining what aort of places those aro < f
which one hoars ami roads so much, or dee, if
yon wore well Hcqnaintod with thom in tlio past,
to flud out their present condition a*.ii comparo il
witb your recollections. Such an excursion, hour*
ever, r? quires time ?ntl n-mall outlay of ninney,
and sn'-je ?la tho ploa?uro-setkor to conaitlerab e
inconvenience. Fe?? CbarloBtouiaua have either
kimo or money tj spare, and tbo inconvenience is
of a kind that ladioa particularly ?lo not like to en
counter, and many of our country Iriouda nevin
havo anopiiortnnitv of visiting tho battlo-grou da,
tho names of which havo bocomo li meoholil
words in ovory city, town anti cottage iu the laud.
Jt boing our business to cntortain the roadera of
tho News, and especially our lady patrons, we
. thought that it would bo a good Moa to mai???,
anrseif, an excursion tironui? the harbor, and tiVn
describe ii ail in print. If, in- carrying out th&
plan, we shall ?emu somewhat egotistical, our
oritios will please pardo i m for iudulgiug iu tha
bceetting sin of humtnity, and bo good uuough to
believe that what may at first appear to bo the
vain-glory of aelf-ostoem, ia in reality ? necessary
means for preserving the continuity of the narra
ON BOARD THE nOCK-AND.
Bad yon gone to Bleep at the commencement of
tho war, and bo now just waking np, yon conld
still und your way to Mount Pleasant as of yore. ]
The ferry boat still leaves the foot of Market
wharf, and no chango has boen made iu tho
neighborhood thatoould possibly lead ono astray. !
The unfinished custom boase, tbo market ollie a,
the fish dock, the neighboring sbant.es, all look as
if some now Joshua had c immaudod tho sun to
stund still, not for Uve honra, but for five years.
Tou seo aomo blue uniforms and yon aro temptod
to exclaim, ''Why hero are tho very soldiers that
need to cross hen five years ago;" bat on nearer
inspection you discover that the aoldiors aro black.
and that you havo been dreaming 'thonqh you ,
might not havo been as cop. Yon pay for your
ti ok rit and discover that it costs 21 eenie in
stead of 1'2_, and that Muhuay takes tho '
Boney and not Berby. You still further ?
como to a sonso of t no ro-lity, when you get on c
board the Rockland and disc iver ho?v fir H
enperior sho ia to tho Cqjfee or the llibben. d
The darkies now occupy what was ouco the gun- *
tlomen's cabin, and a colored soldier lies thoro a
asleep with his head in the lap of a fat dau,ht?jr (
.f Africa. In the ladies' cabin, a few Mount c
Pleasant ladies are discussing their domestic af- '
fairs, how ono has to wait dinner on her busband f
until dark, and how the husband of another has '
forbidden her ever to wait. Step np on deok and v
take a look around. Yonr first glanoe ia naturally '
at the city, and thore > on can ecarooly note a I
?hange, save that there is not as large a crowd of '
aiasts as formerly, and a new shed is being built T
en Union Wharves, which, being almoet under *
your nose, you can't help observing. Just ahead r
Of the Rockland the Plato is splashing along, and '
a ohild at your side oxolaims, "What a little sie im- '?
boatl" If you are a business man you know th it 1
tho Plato has a colored captain, and a colored ?
crew, and you are set tbinkiug on tbo mutability c
of human afl'airs. Your reverie is disturbed bya '
heavy swash of tho sea against tho sido o? the '
boat, and you per?oive that you are almost alouK- c
aido of a large propeller. It ia the Granada from i
Kew York. A littlo further on you seo a low '
schooner, with a number of largo iron things on ?*
board that look like huge peg tops-these aro ?
bnoya and tho schooner is a buoy-touder. The '
day is line, the breeze fresh, a few sloopa and sail I
boats enliven the scene with their rapid motion. '
Snob were somo of the things wo saw, and such '
are somo of the Ulinga you might see auy tine day c
that you luve a mind to niako tho trip; but we <
saw, among the various objects in tho harbor, one c
that is not only not seen every day, but ia vory rare- r
ty overseen. Tue Golconda, the ship with tho c
black emigrant? for Liberia, lay in iho stream, a-.i I
ordinary sight enough if you wore ignorant of ihe
nature of hor cargo, but, if yon did, giving much
food for mirintu roflociiou. The poor uogrooa t
were said to be already anxious to loavo tho vee. c
sol, an 1 we cannot wonder that if they had no bet- v
tcranprbciation of?, tho blessing of freedom than ?j
the IsraolitcB of old, who lingered after the Hush r
pota of Egypt. Liberia is their land of promise, j
flowing wiib milk and honey, and abounding iu 1
bftnania, bat we doubt not that in the wilderness t
af the sea they will often wish for some rock of t
Horeb to supply thom with water to drink. While t
you are still thinking of the deluded nigs, yon are 1
passing Castle Pinokuey, the Charleston Bas? ile, i
and you aro still reflecting on the miseries of v
priflon life, when the boat neara Mount Pleasant, e
and the honuea of the littlo town aro soon -oat- I
tered picturesquely among tho trees upon a bluff ??
ef yellow sand. ' You can oouut twouty houses im- t
mediately on the bluff, and most conspicuous 1
among tbem is - tbo light honso. Thia ia a neat *
cottage in the Bwiss style, with a cupola for the 1
lamp. All the other housoB are whitewashed, and 1
ara built iu plain Southern sommer residence
fashion, bat this ia brown and built as if intended
for the bottom of an Alp, with its roof so steep aa ,
to effectually divido the impending avalanohe. *
We had Just made theso observations and archi- ,
?eotural critioisms, when the boat struck the ,
wharf and we wero at ,
MOUNT PLEASAKT. '
The wharf looks tho samo as of yore-a good i
pier with a small depot and a covered gatoway at ]
tia?? end of a long bridge. Walking up the wharf i
111? words "MountPleasant Headquarters," paint- i
?d in large, black loiters on the aide of a white- I
Washed houbo, stared us in the face, and suggest- <
id Ideas of whiskey straight; but, withstanding I
the temptation, wo cast our eyes to tho left, the i
bar-room being on the right, and saw two largo I
aannon, which had been dismounted from the ;
earthwork at Hinuantsville, and wore lying at the l
head of the wharf awaiting shipment. The lot .
left vacant by the burning of the Mount Pleasant i
Hotel, a short time before the communcoment of I
the war, is 'still unoccupied, and has become so i
graau-groTiu that, being altogether uuencloeed, i
there is now no sign that it ever was the sito of a I
handsome building. We had crobaed over in the i
three o'clook boat, and as there was not another l
boat for ?Sullivan's Island that ovening, it was i
necesa&ry to remain all night at Mount Pleasant, i
-Fortunately for ua, we met with an old comrade <
ftt arms, Mr. Elias Venkiho, now tho efficient In- I
tendant of ?the town, at whoso hoaw fro spent tho (
night, much inoro pleasautly thau wo could h .to
dono at any publio place; mid to him aud to M-j.
E. P. 0'Bj_i_n, U. 8. A., the popular bureau
agont for that diBtn'et, and also to Mr. Tew, the
representativo to tho Stato Logi*laturo, wo aro
indebted for much of tbo information that wo col
lected in regard to the objects which wo saw at
Mount Plea.ant. Tcrliaps tho moat interesting
spot in the littlo village, and tho ono that will at
tract most visitors, is tlio
UOL-lIHns' IIU-HYI-- onouxi?.
It contains about au aero of ground iu an t?lov_
tcd situation, mid boro lio buried not only the
remain, or Confederate ?ntl Federal soldiers who
diodor woro killed during tho late war, but al_o
thoso of eevoral of tim Stato troups who died bur
ing tho war of 1812. To tho momory of thean
laut a monument wa? eroded many yours ago,
wliieh ?till -.tanda, and, though in a somewhat di
1 ipiditi-fl coutliliou, is iho most conspicuous ob
ji?ct in tho burial ground. Iti-. bnilt of brick, and
Ibo ui p r part ia a pyramid which resta un a
squaio foundation, on t??o of tbo nidi'? of which,
min bin slabs have beon Pt in, wliilo tho other
t?vo hav> huon covered with while platter to re
sentido tho marble Ono of the ?labs boars the
I'd loAing itiBirii'ti >n: "Cm the 18lh of June, 1812,
tho Uiii'otl States of America declared war against
GiO'.t Britain. At tho first munni of (be trumpet
the jiniiol soldiura who .loop beneath this mun
min m How to tho standard of liberty. lloro thoy
foil beneath the scythe of Death. Tbeaymp-V
tliiea ol' tho bravo, tho tear ol' tbo stranger, and
tbo slow dirgoa of tho camp attended thom tu
now sloop tho bravo who sink to rest.
With aU tholr country's w?hIicb bloat,
Tho laurel leaf of ahiulng ?roon
Will still around thoir tomb bo booh.' "
On Um other is tho following :
"tfacrod to tho memory of Sergeants Tillman,
Goodrich and Adam O. Spencer, al-io, of William
Aarant, David Rutland, John Wi'liams, John A.
Placide, Thomas Madden, William AIcLuIIah, Hen
ry Kilgoro, John Taylor, John liruco and Harris
Lane tater, private soldiers of tbo 3d regiment of
Scattered irrogularly around this monument
_ro the gravea of bomo fifty or sixty Confederate
soldiers, without a head b >ard, and in nomo cases
without oven a mound to mark the last resting
places of men who poured out their blood in de
fence of their country. A memorial association
t?as boen formed by tho ladies of Mount Pleasant,
md they have collected asmo funds for enclosing
ho soldiers' burial ground, and decorating and
narking tho gravos in a suitable manner, and
l'gotiations are now in progress between them
ind tho old Mount Pleasant Ferry Company, to
vbom tho lot belongs, which wo hopo will tormi
?ato satisfactorily for the ladies, and that boforo
ory long tho villano may boast ol' asoldiora' bury
ng ground, which shall at onco bo au honor to the
lead heroes and a credit to the Mount Pleasant
ioaiorial Ab.oc? atto
na F-Bkdmen's pchool
s the noxt object of interest that attracted our
ttention. It is at prot-ent in a vory flourishing
nndition and has an attendance of ono hundred
nd sixty scholars, most of whom are young cuil
Ircn, and ouly ono or two above the age of eil
een yours. It was established February 5, 18GG,
nd wae, until recently, taught in the Presbyterian
?burch, but, after repoated romonstranoes by tho
ongreg.tinn and tho authorities of tho town, that
i milling was turned over to the rightful owtiers,
md a dwelling houeo rented, io which tho sohool
s now kept. Thoro aro three white teachora,
rho are supported by thoSociety of Hixito Friends,
if Philadelphia, by whom, wo beliovo, ali tho ex
loiiBos of tho school arc paid. The teachers aro
ilisaCornelia Hancock and MissesMabt andCab
tiE Taylor, nioceB of Bayard Taylor, tho well
?riown traveller. These ladies scorned to com
nand tho reaped of thoir pupils, and everything
?as condnotod decently and in order. Wo had
either time nor inc'ination to examine into tho
irofieioncy of the acholara, but wo learned from
he register that, of tho wholo numhor of one bun
Ired and sixty pnpils, thoro is an avorago attond
inco of one hundroJ and fifty; that twouty-aix aro
low pupils this month ; that forty are taught
irai arithmetic, and tho samo number instructed
i writteu arithmetic; that one hundred and six
cm wri'o ou alatoa, and that fifty attond tbo
Innday school. Thoro aro three eohool rooms in
be building, over each of which, ono of the teach
ra specially pro-ides. One is the primary do
mrtmont, another ia tho common Behool depart
nent, and tho third is the acadeniio department.
L'ho scholars suited vory well for primary and
?om mou schools, but wo confess that wo were
n.ligcd to s m ii? at tho appouranco of tho acadomi
iariH. In insliuo to the Icadiors, however, wn
aunt say that we believe the term academical ia
inly used iu comparison with the other two do
Of these not mnch can be said. At tho eastern ex
romity of Mount Ploaeant, just beyond that part
if (bo town called Iliunsntnville, is an old earth
rork greeu with gras-., which was once mounted
nth two guns. This took part io tho borabard
nont of Fort Sumtor in 1881, and dipt. Johnson,
Jterwards Liout. Col. Johnson, of the Ilamptou
>gion, supportod thoibattery with his company
if volunteers. Tho battery waa novor again in
lotiou, and Ben Johnson only once-at tho first
? attie of ManaBBdB, whore ho fell gallantly leading
lis men into the foremost of the fight. At tho
ither oud of the village thoro is also a small oarth
rork, but it waa nevor mounted. Somo fivo or
ix miles from the village is a long Uno of breast
vorke, extending from Wando River to the soa
ihoro, but these did not como within tho rango of
mr excursion. Although without any important
'ortilications, Mount Pleasant was, during tho
vhole war, a depot for troops, and in that way tho
loases and fences were much injured, and the
attor, in many instances, entirely destroyed.
BOOIAL CONDITION OP MOUNT PLEASANT.
Of this wo aro glad to he able to speak favor
ibly. Cotton planting in the neighborhood has
?e.n vory euooeasful this y oar, and that in name
ouB ways has brought money into the village,
md, though money la said to bo the root of all
?vii, it ia certainly the source of much good.
.hore are now throo cotton ginning OBtabliah
nouts in the town. One of them belonga to Mr.
?r,u.i Vr.NNiNO, the Intendant, and ia doing a
iplondid business. It runs two McCarthy gina,
aannfacl-ired by our fellow-citizen, Mr. W. 8.
[I-NEiiKY, and turns out two ba'.OB of cotton per
"ay. There are move etorea in the Tillage now
than ever beforo, and, though for some reasons
i hey do not conduce to the quiet of the place-, yet
.hey are indubitable e'.gne of a certain kind of
prospority. Mount Pleasant was for so long a
?mo tho depot for disbanding and paying off
?olored troops, that it ia wonderful how orderly
ind quiet the place ia cow. This stato of repose
jas been attained by tho united and unremitting
-tertiona of the Intendant and the military oom
uand-nt, neither of wuom show any favor to vio
atora of tho law. Sunday ia the day on which
hey are required to exhibit their authority moro
.han at any other time, because on that day the
legruoa crowd, io from the country, and aro
lomowhat difficult of control, but both the om
.era above alluded to openly oxpreaa the opinion
bat if it woro not for the nu morona mm-ahope,
hoy would hare uo trouble at all, but that theee
vilo deua aro a constant source of ovil to black?
and whites. Mount Pleasant is a summer resi
dence for bueiuoes mon of the city and planters
of tho neighborhood, but in theso hard times
fow pooplo can afford two homos, and most of the
inhabitants remain in tho village all tho your
round. It is ono of tho prettiest littlo villages in
tho Htat , and if thoro uro any of our readt-ra who
havo uover boen boen there, we ndviso thom by
all meauu to go at the first opportunity.
Wo intended to loavo Mount Pleasant bv the
devon o'clock boat, but though wo woru within i.
few htepi of tho landing nhen hIio ehoved olT, tlie
captain woald not wait for us. A ?hurt Irishman
on the wharf consoled nu. by the information t li a
(ho ii.dependent captain would not wait a half t?
second for tim owner of the b?jat. him-clt". Chew
ing this omrah of comfort, wo looked around lor a
row boat, and soon found ono that took us to tin?
iolantl hoforo the steamer huil left, ali hough we
were delayed by etrikiug once or twice on the mu?.:
flat that extends several hundreel yards into tho
croek between Chriat Church and Sullivan's Isl
and. In thi? slieut voyage wo san Uo rolics ol
iho war. Clio was a part of tho old unlit try tele
graph wire, and tho other some of tho poi of the
wooden bridge that was erected in 18(11 as a
mu,h a of retreat from Sulliv.? n'a Inland in caso of
uooet-Bity. Lauding at tho wharf, ai.il walking up
tho back beach, you can sti 1 recognize tho island,
huton the front beach nothing lunka na it did bo
lero tho war, or even after the first bat Ho of Fort
Sumter. Wo went to Fon Moultrie hy way of tho
front bench, and all that looked familiar was tho
break-water and tho harbor. Wo el.imbeicd ovtr
earthwork alter earthwork, and saw six cannon,
live Colunil'i.iil-i und one Urgo Minded gun, a
piece of a chimney, tho rom tins of a cistern, two
or three cows and goats, and nothing moro of in
terest ou tho island until wo reached
This renowned fortress, thongh still a fort is
quite a ruin. The walls still stand, and the fur
naco for boating shot, and thero are a few can
non mounted, but tho barracks aro all gone, and
i in their place are half a duzen am ?ill wooden shan
ties, some wbito-washod and some not. It ia truly
a melancholy Bight, aud tho mind reverto with
pain to the glorious old celebrations of the 28th of
Juuo whon all was peace, plenty, prosperity and
good cheer. Tho fort is now garrisoued by a
small detachment of tho 37th United States Color
ed Troops, und? r First Lieutenant Howard, who
troati d ?b courteously and extended to na the
hospitalities of his post. Tho tents of tho Karri
sou aro pitched in the roar of th . fort, and there,
also, uro tho tent- of a c.mipany of colored recruits
for the 40 h United Statos infantry. To tako caro
of the bouilli of th? so incipient heroes na well as
that of tho garrison is the doty ol Dr. Chaules O.
Polk, a retired member of tho medical staff of the
United Stat? h army, who trusted us with marked
kiutluc-s, and ovon wout so fir as to givo up his
hod to our uso. This may aecni a vory uuinter
csti? g matter to relate, but it was a vory interest
ing uno to happou aa our reudcrs will experience
if they aro ever placed in liko c reumatancte.
Going from the fort further down tho front hooch
you como to Fort Boaurcgard. This ia a common
earth work, but somowhat improved in strength
sinco it waa first man nod by the Vigil au t ItiQes
in tho Spring of 1861. There aro no guns on the
fort now, and its peaceful appearance is still fur
ther increased by the Surf House, a neat hotel,
which has been erected sinco tho clone of the
war for the accommodation of visitors to tho isl
and lu front of Fort Boaurcgard is the most
beautiful p.trt on ?Sullivan's Island beacb. It is a
wido and almost lovol strip of hard white sand
with a few sea shells scattered boro and thero
over its surface. Years ago tho sheila wero nu
merous and, many of thom of raro beauty, but, .
for a long time t hi y havo been scarce, whether
becauso of their boing carried off by visitors, or
on account of the incrcano of steam navigation in
the harbor it is difficult to tell, hut probably both
these cansos have combined with others to ?luuiii- '
ish the number of shells on the boich. A con
tinuation of onu's stroll toivards tho eastern end of !
tho island brings yon soon to I ho Alyrtl.iu, and
finally to tho old battery which used to bo maimed
by tho Washington Light Infantry in 18(51, and
whero the United States Government ia aaid to be
intending to erect an iron elad turroted fort.
Here you havo a viow of the open soa, of Drunken
Die ; Shoals and Long Island. Just back of thia
is tho old camping ground of Pettiokew's
Rille Regiment at the time of (ho first bombar!. '
meut of Fort Snmter. lim timing down tho ba-k l
beach you pata what is now tho moat thickly set
tled part o? the island. The houses aro generally J
small, even when they attain tho dignity of tvo
Btories, although thoro are several that are of
respectable hizo aud appearance, especially in the
neighborhood of Fort Moultrie. Speaking of Fort
Muni ric load us to mention thu ?r up of palm? flos t
that -till eurvives to preservo the legendary fauo .'
of that noble tree. None havo that fro?hncss of ! '
leaf that distinguished tliem when they greeted ,
tho soa breeze with a ros.lo ero tho canuou's ball .
had taught thom a shriller sound, but liko tat- '
terod warriors, with many a soar of sholl ind (
bullet, they remain bo many votoran witnesso* of |
tho raging conflict of which thoro is uo sigc in .'
tbo stillness that surrounds them. A pirtieuUr J
palmetto of this group that we specially romoa.- (
bcr, with its crowning glory of sword loaves on- '
Uroly gone, and with its h ?re trunk, almost di- *
vided in two by a shell oat, over whioh the spong/
fibres of tho wood havo closed, would form a more
apt emblem of our State in her present woeful j
condition than the live tree that still adorns her t
bannor, if a banner she can boast, and whick is J
bnt a sad mookery of the glory that has peno, ,
and tho Integrity of being lost novor to be recorer- c
ed. ?Sullivan's Island, with its mementoei of I
poace, its relics of war, its harsh realisations of J
tbo present, upon the very confines of an unce:- t
tain oooan, is a condonscd epitome of the whoo c
Southern country and its unfathomable future. j,
TORT BUT-TIR. t
On a magnificently beautiful morning, with Iho _
son shodding brilliant ray a, and a atifi breeze rouf?- i
ening tho waters of the bay. We left Sullivan's t
Island in a row boat to visit the ruins of the firt J
that bad proved impregnable for four long yena j
to tlio assaults of land batteries, iron elad- and v
storming parlies. Our companions were Lia?- '
tenant Howabd and Dr. Folk before mentioaul ^
and our crew consisted of four oolored soldier*, j
whilo Captain Sinolair of the Light House mai- l
agod the helm. We don't give any of the pirly *
credit for sufficient romaneo to suppose they ia- ?
dulgod ia any dreams of the past as they gradual- J?
ly carno beneath tho shadow of old Sumter, bat u
whilo they talked and laughed our memory fas t
busy with vanished hopes and vain regrets. Who, n
that, has fought for tho Confederacy from -rat *
to last with unceasing love and never failag q
trust, and was so blind In his devotion as t( bo a
stunned by the surrender of our armies, can ap- ?
proaoh Fort Sumter without a re-kindling of etoo- _
lions that the blank despair of uttor failure had ti
stilled. For us, Sumter had boon a Gibralta- in o
our childish imagination, we bad been of P-tfl- 'J
OBKW'a regiment when he proposed to storm tho _
fort, wa. h ad seon it fall after a two days'bomb ird- 1?
ment, aud had oheerod the ensign of the now na- n
tion as it fluttered to tho breeze to celebrate its ?
first victory. We had listened through ?bo whole ti
- ??---- " i--?m.j.-) v/ T JL.J.VJ. 1* l'Jlti ?
dread length of au unsuccessful war for tidings of
He fato. anel each fresh account of its gsllant de
fouso had cheered our hearts, and when finally
the history e>f tho anigo and defouco of Kumter as
a Southern fortress wsb closed without the enemy
being ?bio to boast of its capture ; wo thanked
God for his mortification which wo kuo . was
great. It was, therefore, with many varied emo
tions that wo climbed the walls of Mimtor for the
first time in our iifo. Tho faco of the fort to
ward* Mnultrio and the city still boars some re
semblance to its former rolf. Tho brick wall ni ill
atanda. So much of it as is towards the city and has
not bt on knoeki d off by luirsih-s from ?Morris* Inl
and remains smooth and without a ?jar. Towards
Moultrie thero aro considerable toil- made by
the balla of the Iii st bombardment. There is now
no such thing iib a gateway to tho fort, but yon
climb directly over tbo wall fr??m a wharf which
projects towards Mortis' Irland. The sea fuco of
tin? fort, and more especially tho faco toward-?
-?orris' Island, ia a slautii g mound of sand uutl
rubbish somo thirty or folly feet high. Thors i-?
? lodge "f rock all round tho fort, on which u
storming party might gain a footing, but tho rug
ged ascent is such a-? to deter tho stoutest heart
from making tho attempt. After yon have g tin? ?i
tlio bummit o? tho wall, a look into tho interior is
I illowod instantly by a feeling of disappointment.
??io seo nothing but what appears lo bo tho dry
ted of a lake-, no guns, no soldiers; only a few
small cabins that n mimi yuu ol' huis on a m iiin
tiin side. It booms a complete wreck, anti it is
not until you havo entered a gallery and descend
ed into the s.iaematea that you porcuivo thal it ia
still a fortrcaB ol' gr..-at strength, in fret stronger
than it ever was beloro. The garrison at pn-scu?
consists of only a email squad of colored ?ubini-.-,
under the charge of an ordnance sergeant, but
ibero aro in the casemates great guns thal I ok
as if they must bavo been put lhere first and tlio
fort bnilt over them. A small wo? den li?lir. boase
now stands on the sea wall of tho lort, Mid it is
said that it indicates tho spot where u lurretcd
ironclad lortificatiou is to hu erected, but at pro
scut when you have walked round the b ittored
walls, aud explored tin: dark galleries aud caso
matos, you have seen all that there is of ijamter.
Wo lardod on tho wido whito beach at Cum
mingi' Point, and where at our last visit were the
Mortar Battery and Stevens' Ironclad Battery,
wo saw a l*rgo earthwork, with a aigu buard, on
which was painted, "FortPutnam." Twour three
one-hundred pounder Parrot guns aro bearing on
tbo city, and are placed at au elevation of alunit t
forty-live degroea; a fuw moro guns aro pointed in
the direction of Sullivan's Island, a stockade
feueo divides Fort Putnam from the marsh, and
au old flag Btaff still stands, but bears no colors.
Wo strolled up tho old military road and passed a
couiiuuouBBi-rics of fortifications, resembling For?
rutuatn in almost evory respect for about half a
milo. Haversacks, knapsacks, clothes and cook
ing utensils, in a ruined condition, were ht round
all along tho route. At length wo came to Bat
tery Wagner. We had never seen it before, and
wo were grovioualy disappointed. Either it baa
been greatly changed in appearance since it me*
evacuated by tho Confederates, or el-e ear lingi- ,
ueering lore was not eqn.il to a proper compre
hension of tho situation. We could a? o 110 case
mates, nothing but au open earthwork, ia which
thero waa no protection fur the gunners, or auy of -
tho men actually engaged in tho fight A reservo l
might havo boen concealed in rat holoa, and the
interior of tho fort was safe enough from bullets
and aollid shot, but shells, if properly aimed,
.-.oui 1 fall in any where. The fort now couniata of
two high sand walla, extending entirely aero?)- tim
island, which is hero very narrow, joined by a
jlmrt wall on tho ena ?ide, and the embankment
b higher on the sea i-ide than elsewhere. lu tho
nterior of tho fort are somo bix or eight huts, and
m the high embankinont on the sea side is a
.ole-rable cottage. lu front ?>f tho fort is a large
janal, now dry, and not vt-ry deep, but which was
.irnbably much deope-r ami till? d ni li water when
.he battery waa liuilt. Wo have hoard much
-iraiso lavished ou Battery Waguer, but we aro
ucliued to think ih.it i s groat strength must
lavo consisted in tho bravery of tho mon who de
fended it. Iho only garrison now is ft working
iquad of colored troops under tho chargo of un
Tho appearance of Morris' Island, in front of
[lattery Waguer, has much changed. Tho bouses
rive all disappeared, and the hill on which they
?toodhas disappeared also. We could not locate
Vinegar Hill, tho old encampment of the Irish
foluntccrs, and in fact the islan I is a pcrfict fiat
intil you como to tho old sand bids wairo the
Liight Hou-io used to stand. Here wero tho quar
er-j of the Palmetto Guard, and many a royal
'roiio have wo witnessed in thoir camps. They
live seen different soldiering nineo I lien, und
nany a youth that complained of hard times
hen ha? fallen on tho hal ti. -li?-Ids of VttVinU,
Maryland and Pennsylvania. Just aero.-s Light
doust) Inlet is Folly Island, where Giluobx ? red
id his masked battery, and thus gained a march
ni his autae-fluist that was never recovered. A
vilk back toCuuiniings' Point along the beach
'ives nui an opportunity to enjoy a flue soa v ?m,
o pick np sea shells which are quite plentiful,
ind to pick up also, if you choose, some soldiers'
jones, which have been washed from tbeirgmvos
dorris' Iel aid beach is in every way moro anr el
vo than that of Sullivan's Island; it is ?id r,
?/biter, dryer, oommands a better view ? i t <u
mean, and has a greater variety of shell*. A
vulk on Morris' Island is aa pleasant an o,?:todi
n an afternoon'? sail au would be furnished by
my locality of the harbor.
Our excursion extended no further than Morriu
sland. It was not convenient to go to James Iai
,ud, and it was against military orders to visit
Jastle Pinckney. We are sufficiently familiar,
iowever, with both places, and the inducooibiitt
o visit either we know not to be vory great, We
mee k_ew every foot of Ca-tlo Pinokney, having
teen on duty there in 1861, and to judge by what
me sees of it in passing in the steamer, it bas not
hanged a great deal. A small island of about
?wo or three acres; on it a low brick fort with a few
lasotnatos anti contracted barmoks and a wooden
louse outside the fort, and tbat was all of Castle
'nickney in 1801, and that in all of it now ?avi
li at it nae been strengthened by the addition of
i sand faoing to tho wall. I Us in tor en tin? on ae
ount of boin* the military prison of this dititrict, .
mt as wo would not bo allowed to publUh ibu de*
aila of its internal arrangements, the privilege of a
?sit, even if allowed, would have been ?sele?. Our
eturn to the city on tbe steamer from Sullivan's
eland was a common plaoe affair enough, nod we
rould not have referred to it except to nu tico that,
or this first time in oar lives we saw a genuine
lloomer. She was not young, and sbo waa nut
iretty, but she was rigged in as true-and-true
'ants as we ever laid eyes on. She had on some
bing tbat we suppose she called a dress, but it
ras of thiok stuff like the panta and did not ?tonis
luoh below the knee. Hair out short and unert-n,
round black straw bat, such as ladies often
rear, small feet in ladies bootees, and a cloak
hat in tho back entirely bid tho dress m ?de up a
juf ensemble that wo at first thought was ahoy,
lion a Chinese, and at laat disoovored waa a wo*
ian. She wasn't a Southerner yon may be sure,
nd the way sbo caught it from tbo tongues of
he ladios on board, after she left was a oatition.
?no old lady with her eyes turned np in horror,
xo!aimed : "Why they're regular pants 1" Anoth
r said, "Thoy mobbed one of'em oat Clurlos
on the other day." "Served her right," said
nother. The Rockland certainly had not boen
lie seen- of such a sensation sinoe the war, For
ur part wo were glad enough to see the sight, aa
. was evidently not ono of our own women that
'as making herself ridiculous. The ugly little
?loonier, with her absurd minclmr step, waa a
luithable conclusion to our excursion ; and, wo
ere bid our readers and especially our fair read
re, adieu, hoping that these latter may never
dopt tbo aafominino attire oalled Bloomer Oos
PUAT? & ?ILSii- BK_Tlii-.N,
ILWE ItKMOTI?I) THKIR ENTIItE HTOCK OP
DRUGS, C1IE-ICALS, TOILET ARTICLES, &_
Old Drag lions, of llavilaini, Steven
fiOU & Co.,
N0. 23 IIAYNI.-STI.I.ET,
CIIARLEHTON, fi. _.,
ANDAR? ntEPAREI) TO SELL AT MOST REASON
Purcliasaro will do well to call.
Novcnibor 14 lino
LfiONIRD .MM & CO.,
NOS. 20 AND 22 HAYNE,
nos. 33 1-9 3?j naun street.
Carriage and Harnos?. Warehouse.
INVERT VARIETY OFVEIIICI.-*- AND HAU. ES- ON
It HAND AND BU ELT TO ORDKlt, at UiMI-l-i-l
priooH fur t-nnU or city -ccoiituucc.
Wholesale Drug House.
rAINTa, OILS, GLAr?, DYE hTUFl'H, MEDICINES,
Pcrfumori-8, Bruah--, _-o__c, Wino-a, ii.., at LOWEST
B. Vf. WARRAN, _>TU_BUt. .T. H. HEMMtNOWAY, AL D.
November 19 mi
HOLMES & CALDER,
HOLMES & CO.,
irt-I'OKTEKS AND DEALERS IN
N0-..2G MEET?G AXD 55 OASKL STREETS,
C_-AI-_ES?ON, 8. 0.
W11. E. HOLMES.luto of HO-DE. _ Co.
WM. CALDER.Charletiton, B. 0.
CHEAP PAINT AND OIL STORE
No. 85 East Bay.
"?I7_nTE LEADS. ZINC PAINTS, OILS, WINDOW
VV GLASS, COLOR- OP ALL KINDS, for salo at the
lowest pricoa by
DOUGLAS St MILLER.
HOU8E8, STEAMBOATS AND PUBLIC BUrLDINGS
Painted in ovary style. Thankful to our friends tor tho
poet liberal patron-go, wo hope to merit a continuance of
Jieir favor?. mthlmo November 8
WO. 103 EAST BAY,
CHARLESTON, 8. C,
B-TTH-, C_E_6E AND PROVISIONS.
X_T* Liberal advance, made on ean.i(r___en_
LANDIOROSAHDTENANTS SUITED. J
HOUSE- RENT-D-PLANTATIONS AND FARMS
.EASED-BOOMI procuro-, in any part of the City at a
noderats charge t? Tenant.-Plantations and Farm
krocured in any patt of -bo Couti cry.
Charge, modnrat- Oall and regislor your names at our
ifflce. SB-TTU 4? M.GILLIVI-AY,
Real __t_t* Agento, No. 27. Broad a treat,
Novombar 1. > SouUi side, near Si.ito street
IATT-TG ADDfi? TO I ill.IK AMIE-VDi
A COUPLBTE A_BOBT___NT Or
BY DIRECT IMPORTATION,
SB PREPARHD TO SUPPLY THEIR VBIBNDg
AND-THE PUBLIO AS DC
FORMER TEARS, AT '
SO. 5 HAYNE-ST.
November _ Ino
?ARLOW, THE OLD OPKRATOB, HAS THOROUGH
LT iTOOTtte-i -J-d fltt-dupthn Old Star Gallery,
4 -t prap-red to UVe _11 kinds of PORTRAITS. Ho li
_D_f_l for p_at patronaR?, and further soUclU a ?hare of
e trade, __._. _J_oK->t_grapb? Of -oni*_d_r_t_ Gen
ula, Ordln__o_ of fl#ocailon, "View? of City, Sum ter and
-or Portion*-on s, at w_ole__le and retail, at & E. CO It
IB KING AND MAR-U-T STREBTS, Charleston, 8. O.
?. D.-Poroelalu Portraits and Picroi-S nnlarged on
ort noti-o and In best of style. The old price of Card
-f-M, M half dote-, -M 14 par doini, -will bo eau.
?..ed bat n tkort time. Novemberl
JOHN 8. FA___I__Y. BUTLEDr.E WILSON
JOHN S. FAIRLEY & CO.,
Wholesale Dealers In
FANCY .001, WHITE GOODS,
FURNISHING GOODS, KTO.
TNVJTE THE ATTENTION OP RETAIL MKI.CHANT?
IN THi: CITV AND THROUGHOUT THE COOK.
TKY to thi?ir roinplete an?or_m?ut of Um above mi iitioa
ril ( ?omi:;, HOW bl'lui; ojn.in . 1 at
No. 37 1IAYNE STREET,
THE OLD STAND OB" MI--4KHH. HYATT. Mr.'.URNKT
Ai CO. Tln-ir Block han burn Hole-tad willi grout naru und
ii thin ?Mi(.!i l.iiowli-ilgf ol' tho aviuit? of Hi- S i;i:lii?r.i peo
plt?, ncqinrod llWillg many year* exp.?rit ii.-? in l.uitiiu?i_
in thin t-ity.
Our buHiiiiiHS molto will be
<_iiicl_ ?Saics anil Shorl Profits.
ORDERS WILL HE CAREI'ULEY AND PltOUPTLl
JOHN H. FAIRLY & CO.
The mbaeribcr in p_rU_iil_rtjr ttaur-ua ol i-tMirtag
bu.'.ini-m iX'l-.JiiiiH willi llii? custoiu-t- ol Iii- ol.l liou.se,
MARSHALL, DURUKa- CO. J. H. FAIRLEY.
Ui:tobi.?r . ?-lilt?
MRS. S. J. COTOBBTT,
"Emporium of Fashions,"
No. 2-U.S King street,
C_-AR-_-_-rTON, S. Ca
Irmr.Noii mtt.linf.ry and artisttc itUBBt
: MAKINO IN ALL ITS BRANCHES. Ladies*
M?hmiih' anil Ohlldrou'- Drcw-ii, Ihl-qili'H, Harki? and
Olca-ii cat by incamireinent, ?md a perlet tit cuar--teed.
Trinimiii:-n mid Puttorim of tim l.it.'nl Puru lind York
l'-nliinuH roc-Ved isvtiry nioulh, and -cut lo any part of
tin? country on receipt of Uio amount.
Send for I'-Viilar.
MRS. S. WATTS,
274 King street.
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OV
BONNETS AND FLAT?
OF TI-K LATEST STYLE..
RICH l.OIBE ANTIQUES,
llL'K AND COL'D SILKS,
EMPRB-S CLOTHS. HEPS,
CHILDREN S HOODS AND SAOQUBB,
IRAJ-LEY'S UOOr RKIRTS,
OF THE LATEST S_'-___Jfc
N. D. CLOAKS opened THIS DAY, trliieh _.
i-poctf-l ly invitee tho publie to c.umino bi toro pur
tiai___ elsewhere, lum November 1
MILLINERY IS ALL ITS BRANCHE
PAPKR PATTERNS OF ALL THE LATEST STYLlfl
OP CLOAKS, MANTILLAS, BASQUES, fee., furai-l-.
1 at low rato.. Mies E. J. LUNN ER,
Na?t cast of Mansion House.
November 1 lino
OSS I?. A. MUETIiA-?D,
fO. 295 KING .STREET,
(OVER MESSRS. SHEPHERD, D?C it COHEN.)
i/TI-S MURTLAND (FORMERLY WITH TUB
TJ. Missen MITCHELL) takes Ui?h method of inform
ff her friends, and the public f?cncrallv, tlint filio ha*
?ned the "MILLlNERy BUSINESS" _t tho ubove
?M, where Rho will be happy to nee all who may f*vor
irwilh it rall.
H...- c1 ?li ?styles and d.tor'ntlous coiifltantly on hu__
itl made to order. niwr.-inoa Octolwr 16
IILLINEM AND STRAW GOODS,
MRS, M. J. ZERNOW'S,
NO. 300 I_.ING-.STa_.I-T.
WHERE WILL DI
found a full ami varied
ansortment of FRENCH
and all the now and fcah
ionablo etyles of hats,
w including OLADIATORS. i
? til. ""-i CENTRAL PARKS AND'
TDRBANS, in KNOLISH
STRAW, Pedal, 611- It-a
ver, Black and Drab 1'ult.
?oncb Chip, and all tho FANCY BRAIDS.
RIBBONS, FEATHERS, FLOWER!!, and every noraJ
of the BoaH-ii in tho Millinery Line, to which tha at
?ition of tho i-idic. gouar-Uy are reap-otfully invitad.
October _. '"___________
IO. P. COPELAND.O. W. BKJsJtDsZK.
GEMtRAL COMMISSION BERC?ANTS,
MAIN AN? ?PFKR BOUND ART STS.,
OTTO?. TOWN, COLUMBIA, S. 0.,
I TILL ATTEND TO THE STORAGE AND BAI.? ON
V COTTON AND PRODUCE consigned to ua in &
-bia. We will alao aUipjand sell Cotton in Ch___?rto_L
>w York or LivarpoeL We ara pr?para to maka Unistm
vanee* oa o?__a_n_-_nt_.
ienbhsjrnu_uno ?;IIFEIJVND fe BTARDNIT.
ino Trade of tho United States!
Pure California Champagne,
[ADE AND PREPARED A8 IF DONE IN FRANCfflL
from pure California Wine, and Ukinr/ the i)l___
ne undersigned would call the attention of Wine D-il
and Hotel Kocpera to the following letter, whichtaff
e a correct Idea of the quality of their Wlno: ^^
"CONTI-KN-al Hot___, I
"PHiL-DKia-niA, Octobor 26,180?. ?
K8rS_3. BOUOB-R fe Oo. *
Ik-tuchen: Having given your Califomln Cliampa*n_i
lorough Uet, wo la_o pleaeure in eayinp- that wo think
ae beat Ainerlc_.ii Wine wo hove over used. Wo _-_?
mee place it on our bill of fare.
"Your, truly, J. E. KINGSLEY fe CO."
CALL and TTtY our California Champagne.
ilOUCIlKU & ?CO.,
roT?n_b?rl4 wfrnSino Ne. H DEY OTRRET, N. ^