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FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 14, 18G6.
T?IE MEXICAN QUESTION.
ENGLISH OPINION OP MAXTMTTIIAN'S AUDI' ATION AND
[From lite London Times, November 2_]
The abdication of tho Emperor Maximilian, and
hiB retreat from Mexico to Europe, are once moro
announced, and the statement is so intrinsically
probable that we need not hesitate to accept it. It
ie probable, indeed, that thc necessity for this step,
as revealed some time ago, has never been really
lessened, though the Emperor appears to have
straggled with much tenacity against the impend?
ing extremity. He seems to have believed that he
could discharge Ins mission if he were adequately
supported ; but circumstances combined to render
that support impracticable, and the result could
not be evaded. The Empire of Mexico was a
French protectorate, and it collapsed when the
protection was withdrawn.
The abandonment of this enterprise does credit
to the sense, though it may do some violence to the
feelings of Napoleon m. It was not in Mexico
that the attempt miscarried, but in the United
States and France itself. The armed resistance of
a native faction to the Imperial or any other gov?
ernment was a matter of certainty, ?or was this
opposition, in fact, carried beyond the extent to be
anticipated. The paiticiular faction ejected from
power by the advance of the French, fell back uoon
the natural alternative^ of insurrection, but 'the
rebellion would have proved no material obstacle to
the establishment of thc new administration had
the original conditions of the expedition been main?
tained. If America had been indifferent, and
France favorable to the new empire? the mere
brigandage perpetuated by Juarez andhispartizans
would have been of little consequence. Sooner or
later, civilization would have prevailed, but at
the very time that the United States, relieved
from the distractions of their own civil war,
took up a tone of menace, public opinion in
France had pronounced itself distinctly against
the enterprise. The prospects thus opened tx?
Juarez, gave him new hopes and procured him
fresh adherents. From a baffled and despair?
ing fugitive be suddenly became a successful
patriot, winiiing towns. "from the imperialists,
and gaining ground, according to report, every
day. Still, it is not to be supposed that he
could have made effectual head against even the
small French force in Mexico, or that he had any
chance of actually establishing himself in the Capi?
tal once more. At best, he could only have, main?
tained a desultory strife in the remoter provinces,
without material inconvenience to the imperial
government ; but the policy of President Johnson
soon relieved him of his foes. The Americans re?
quired of the Emperor Napoleon that he should
adhere to his avowed intention of withdrawing the
French garrison at a given time, and the wishes of
the French people pointed in precisely the same
direction. The French detested the enterprise,
and the Americans condemned it. It could have
been accomplished at no more than the calculated
cost had the conditions been favorable; but it
would have been impossible to prosecute it against
the obstacles arising both at home and abroad.
So Maximilian, after straggling with courageous
resolution against his fate, at length accepts it,
and retires from the field.
This step, if there were no new party to the
quarrel, would simply replace Mexico in that condi?
tion of anarchy and barbarism from which the Eu?
ropean expedition had rescued her for a time. The
French actually succeeded in giving security to
life and property, not only in the capital, but in
many of the adjacent districts; a few of the nigh
roads were really opened for traffic, and as much
progress bad been made in political organization
as could reasonably be anticipated. That more
was not achieved was owing, not to the strength
br popularity of the insurgent faction, but to the
growing misgivings of the French, the protests of
the Americans, and the discouragement of the im
Serial adrninistration. What little, however, was
one, would now, except for a new intervention, be
quicKly undone. Abandoned by the French,
Mexico would fall once mor e into the hands of native
competitors for the prize of power. Juarez, if ho
could seize the government, would pass from insur?
rection into office, and those whom ne dispossessed
would change places with him as i atriots and
rebels. We have no reason for supposing that Juarez
would be more successful than any other native
chief has hitherto been in similar circumstances.
If he acquired power, he would do so only at the
cost of desperate fighting, and on the condition of :
losing it a few months afterwards, and, indeed, it
is thia notorious contingency which bas suggested
the next movement in the affair. We are told that
the United States will now adopt the party of
Juarez, just as the French adopted that of his ad?
versaries; that they will assume the protectorate
which the French vacate, and ire-enact the scenes
of the last three years with this simple change in
the characters of the piece. We have not yet any
sufficient authority for the fact, but it is not im?
probable nor in any way to be deprecated. We
only wish the declaimers about Mexican "inde?
pendence" to observe that independence is regard?
ed as utterly impossible by ailparties alike. Either
the Mexicans must be left to rob and murder as
before, or some strong Power must interfere to
take up one faction and pnt down the other. The
French took up Miramon and fought Juarez; the
Americans will take lip Juarez and fight Miramon.
If any spark of principle could be imagined as
lingering in a Mexican party we might rather re?
joice at the promotion of the liberals and the de?
feat of the absolutists; but though the former of
these titles is claimed by the Juarists, and the lat?
ter is attached to their opponents, it has hitherto
been impossible in practice to give one of these
factions any preference over the other. Their
rivalry was that, not of political partier but of
jealous brigands. Both grasped at power by the.
same means, both employed it for the same pur?
poses, nor did either of them make the least ap?
proach to the duties of responsible governments.
But, though we can hardly say that the Americans
will have a more respectable set of clients than the
French, they will have far greater faculties in eon
ducting' their cause. They must needs intervene,
as the French did, and by force of arms; but they
can do this with greater ease, to Detter purpose,
and with fewer impediments. The intervention
will be popular with the nation, instead of un?
popular; it will be cheap, instead of costly;
it will violate no "doctrine," and provoke no
protests. The American can, ana probably
will, do what the French both could
and would have done under more favorable cir?
cumstances. They will enter the country, as the
friends of one of its factions j .they will hunt the
other down, and they will thus render civilization
-possible, and transform the community into an or
. ganized State. They will have this advantage, too,
m their proceedings-they will seem less like in?
vaders than their predecessors; they will preserve
the name and form of a Mexican republic, and pro?
bably leave a native Mexican aBits ostensible head.
But the measure itself will be the same as before.
It will be identical with that which all Europe saw
to be inevitable at the period of the expedition,
which we ourselves declined to prosecute, but
which France adopted, and Spain was ready to
adopt. It will be intervention for the government
of a people who have proved utterly incapable of
governing themselves. It will be the establish?
ment of a foreign protectorate in the place of a na?
tive administration, nominally independent, but
expressing only anarchy and violence; and as this
will be for the advantage of the world at large, we
wish thc Americans a cheap , bargain and speedy
success. .: ; .
"A BO__Y i_*__ia FOB A GBAND ATTEMPT.''
The France, at November 23, contains an arti?
cle said to have been written- by .Senator tde la ;
GuEaacOTEBE. After describing the outset of the
Mexietn expedition, the installation of MAT IMS LI?
AN as Emperor, &c, it proceeds as follows :
It was allowable to anticipate a successful result.
The French army protected the; Mexican throne,
which derived additional support from the national
wifi, and all honest men. and all conservative
interests grouped themselves around Maximilian
to assist ana support him in. his task. Bat
just then, it must be confessed, that an un?
expected movement of opinion took place in
France. The public viewed with uneasiness the
possible consequences of our intervention in Mexi?
co. The feeling of the country, of which the
Opposition availed itself with much skUL became
dany more pressing in calling for the withdrawal
of our troops, and the abrupt termination of that
distant expedition. That was a deeply to be re?
gretted error. Ho serious danger at that time
threatened either the expeditionary army or Maxi
miliauB Empire. No one would wen have dared
to send a humiliating summons to our country,
-'. and so long as our flag covered the Mexican ter?
ritory no fcreign power would have dared to inter?
fere.1 But'ih'e intensity of public feeling in France!!
as might -Lave been expected, made ita. influence ?
felt (veros* the Atlantic, lt encourage, the
hopes of all the onermea of the Empire,
and diahear.ened ail its friends. . The dissidents
found, at homo and abroad, a co-operation which
tb.ey.haa ceased v rely on; the Conservatives, anx
. ious a!?5_5:ri.hc foiur?, ?eowedto ?ct mvfcuwr of thc
Government, fearing to compromise themselves
still farther; and all tho forces which supported thc
throne of Maximilian simultaneously vanished. Wo
confess it with a feeling of sadness which we will
not attempt to conceal-it is a sorry ending for a
and attempt. But let us not increase the regret
at must bo felt thereat by unjust apprehensions.
Tho responsibility of what has occurred should not
be displaced, lae Emperor's Government con?
ceived a grand design. It prosecuted its realiza?
tion with a perseverance worthy of tho magni?
tude of the object, and with a loftiness of views
worthy the policy of France. The army, on its
side, discharged its duty with" its traditional
gallantry. In Mexico it has added fresh lau?
rels to its crown of glory. Oui' soldiers retire
from Mexico b?Fore no victorious enemy, in conse?
quence of no threat ; they retire simply because a
superior mil prevent their accomplishing their
task. That will is the will of the country, which on
every occasion has expressed its desire that the
Mexican expedition should be put an end to ; that
will is that of public opinion, which, to use an au
fustphrase, 'is always victorious in the end.'
'hat is the plain truth, and if it be impossible to
view it without sadness, we must at least view it
without passion. But whatever be the issue of that
glorious undertaking on behalf of civilization and
national regeneration, too much honor and re?
spectful sympathy cannot be bestowed upon the
generous Prince who devoted himself to it, and to
the noble-hearted lady whose mind has sunk be?
neath the weight of her trouble."
PRATT & W ILMIN BROMUS,
HAVE REMOVED THEIR ENTIRE STOCK OF
DRUGS, CHEMICALS, TOILET ARTICLES, AC
TO TH E
01d;Drug Souse of Haviland, Steven?
son & Co.,
NO. 23 HATNE-STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. C.,
ANDARE FREPAEED TO SELL AT MOST REASON?
ABLE RATES. ?
Purchasers will do well to catL
DRUGS IP ?MR
A Large and carefully selected Stock
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OUR MEDICINES AND CHEMICALS ARE IMPORT?
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E. H. KELLERS & CO.,
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E. H. KELLERS, M. D.H. BAER, M. D.
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Prepared by T. W. MARSDEN, No. 487 Broadway, New
. Price, 50 cents small bottle; $1 large size.
KTNG & CASSHDEY,
Wholesale Agents, Charleston, i
GOODRICH, WTNEMAN & CO.,
Wholesale Agents, Charleston.
And aB. Retail Druggists. 3m o December 4 J
LEA & PERRINS'
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of a letter from a
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Tell : LEA ? &. PER?
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